Copa América

CONMEBOL Copa América (CONMEBOL America Cup), known until 1975 as the South American Football Championship (Campeonato Sudamericano de Fútbol in Spanish and Campeonato Sul-americano de Futebol (Portugal) ou Copa Sul-Americana de Futebol (Brazil) in Portuguese),[1] is a men's international football tournament contested between national teams from CONMEBOL. It is the oldest international continental football competition.[2] The competition determines the continental champion of South America.[2][3][4] Since the 1990s, teams from North America and Asia have also been invited to participate.

Since 1993, the tournament has generally featured 12 teams – all 10 CONMEBOL teams and two additional teams from other confederations. Mexico has participated in every tournament since 1993, with one additional team drawn from CONCACAF, except for 1999, when AFC team Japan filled out the 12-team roster. The 2016 version of the event, Copa América Centenario, featured sixteen teams, with six teams from CONCACAF in addition to the 10 from CONMEBOL.[5] Mexico's two runner-up finishes are the highest for a non-CONMEBOL side.

Eight of the ten CONMEBOL national teams have won the tournament at least once in its 45 stagings since the event's inauguration in 1916, with only Ecuador and Venezuela yet to win. Uruguay has the most championships in the tournament's history, with 15 cups, while the current champion, Chile, has two cups. Argentina, which hosted the inaugural edition in 1916, has hosted the tournament the most times (nine). The United States is the only non-CONMEBOL country to host, having hosted the event in 2016. On three occasions (in 1975, 1979, and 1983), the tournament was held in multiple South American countries.

The highest finishing member of CONMEBOL had the right to participate in the next edition of the now defunct FIFA Confederations Cup, but was not obliged to do so.[6]

Copa América
Conmebol-Copa-America-Logo
Founded1916
RegionSouth America (CONMEBOL)
Number of teams12 or 16
Current championsChile Chile (2nd title)
Most successful team(s)Uruguay Uruguay (15 Titles)
Website2016 Copa América Centenario
2019 Copa América
Tournaments

History

Beginnings

Uruguay Copa America 1917
The Uruguay team that won its second title in 1917.
Brazil-CopaAmerica-1919
Brazil achieved its first championship in 1919.

The first football team in South America, Lima Cricket and Football Club, was established in Peru in 1859, and the Argentine Football Association was founded in 1893. By the early 20th century, football was growing in popularity, and the first international competition held between national teams of the continent occurred in 1910 when Argentina organized an event to commemorate the centenary of the May Revolution. Chile and Uruguay participated, but this event is not considered official by CONMEBOL. Similarly, for the centennial celebration of its independence, Argentina held a tournament between 2 and 17 July 1916 with Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Brazil being the first participants of the tournament. This so-called Campeonato Sudamericano de Football would be the first edition of what is currently known as Copa América; Uruguay would triumph in this first edition after tying 0–0 with hosts Argentina in the deciding, last match held in Estadio Racing Club in Avellaneda.

Seeing the success of the tournament, a boardmember of the Uruguayan Football Association, Héctor Rivadavia, proposed the establishment of a confederation of the associations of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, and on 9 July, independence day in Argentina, CONMEBOL was founded. The following year, the competition was played again, this time in Uruguay. Uruguay would win the title again to win their bicampeonato after defeating Argentina 1–0 in the last match of the tournament. The success of the tournament on Charrúan soil would help consolidate the tournament. After a flu outbreak in Rio de Janeiro canceled the tournament in 1918, Brazil hosted the tournament in 1919 and was crowned champion for the first time after defeating the defending champions 1–0 in a playoff match to decide the title, while the Chilean city of Viña del Mar would host the 1920 event which was won by Uruguay.

For the 1921 event, Paraguay participated for the first time after its football association affiliated to CONMEBOL earlier that same year. Argentina won the competition for the first time thanks to the goals of Julio Libonatti. In subsequent years, Uruguay would dominate the tournament, which at that time was the largest football tournament in the world. Argentina, however, would not be far behind and disputed the supremacy with the Charruas. After losing the 1928 final at the 1928 Summer Olympics held in Amsterdam, Argentina would gain revenge in the 1929 South American Championship by defeating the Uruguayans in the last, decisive match. During this period, both Bolivia and Peru debuted in the tournament in 1926 and 1927, respectively.

Disorganization and intermittency

Argentina Copa América 1957
The Carasucias or dirty faces, a name that was known for Argentina who won the 1957 South American Championship held in Peru.

After the first World Cup held in Uruguay in 1930, the enmity between the football federations of Uruguay and Argentina prevented the competition from being played for a number of years. Only in 1935 was it possible to dispute a special edition of the event to be officially reinstated in 1939. Peru became the host nation of the 1939 edition and won the competition for the first time. Ecuador made their debut at that tournament.

In 1941, Chile hosted that year's edition in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the founding of Santiago for which the capacity of the newly built Estadio Nacional was expanded from 30,000 to 70,000 spectators. Despite the large investment and initial success of the team, the Chileans would be defeated in the last match by eventual champions Argentina. Uruguay hosted and won the 1942 edition. Chile would host again in 1945, and came close to playing for the title against Argentina. However, Brazil spoiled that possibility, and Argentina would win the tournament once again on Chilean soil.

The event then entered a period of great disruption. The championship was not played on a regular basis and many editions would be deemed unofficial, only to be considered valid later on by CONMEBOL. For example, Argentina would be the first (and so far only) team to win three consecutive titles by winning the championships of 1945, 1946 and 1947. After those three annual tournaments, the competition returned to being held every two years, then three and later four. There were even two tournaments held in 1959, one in Argentina and a second in Ecuador. During this period, some of the national teams were indifferent to the tournament. Some did not participate every year, others sent lesser teams; in the 1959 edition held in Ecuador, Brazil entered a team from the state of Pernambuco. Bolivia won for the first time when it hosted in 1963, but was defeated in the first game of the 1967 tournament by debutant Venezuela. The founding of the Copa Libertadores in 1959 also affected the way the tournament was viewed by its participants.

After eight years of absence, the event resumed in 1975 and officially acquired the name Copa América. The tournament had no fixed venue, and all matches were played throughout the year in each country. Nine teams participated in the group stages with the defending champions receiving a bye into the semifinals. The tournament was contested every four years using this system until 1987.

Renewal

Brazil vs. Uruguay Semifinals Copa América 2007 - 2
Aftermath of a match in the 2007 Copa América, held for the first time in Venezuela.

In 1986, CONMEBOL decided to return to having one country host the tournament and to contest it every other year. From 1987 until 2001, the event was hosted every two years in rotation by the ten members of the confederation. The format would remain constant with a first round of groups, but the final round stage ranged from being a new, final round-robin group or a single-elimination system to decide the winner. This renewal helped the tournament, which began to receive television coverage in Europe and North America. The 1987 Copa América was held in Argentina; this was the first time the nation had hosted an edition in 28 years. Despite entering as heavy favorites for being the reigning world champions (having won the 1986 FIFA World Cup), playing at home and having a team largely composed of its World Cup winners led by the legendary Diego Maradona, Argentina would finish in a disappointing fourth place after being beaten by defending champions Uruguay 0–1 in the semifinals. Uruguay would defeat a surprisingly strong Chilean squad who made it to the final, disposing of the powerful Brazil 4–0 on the group stage.

Brazil lifted its first official international title since the 1970 FIFA World Cup upon winning the 1989 Copa América held on home soil. Argentina, in turn, won the Copa América after 32 long years in 1991 in Chile, thanks to a refreshed squad led by the prolific goalscorer Gabriel Batistuta. The 1993 Copa América tournament in Ecuador would take its current form. Along with the usual ten teams, CONMEBOL invited two countries from CONCACAF to participate, Mexico and the United States.

Uruguay managed to win the competition in 1995 as host, ending a period of decline for Uruguayan football. With the implementation of rotating hosts, Colombia, Paraguay and Venezuela hosted the tournament for the first time. Brazil entered a successful series of victories, winning four of the five continental titles between 1997 and 2007. The first, in 1997, was won after defeating host nation Bolivia 1–3 with goals from Leonardo, Denílson and Ronaldo becoming crucial in the Verde-Amarela's consagration on Bolivia's altitude. Brazil would successfully defend the title in 1999 after thumping Uruguay 3–0 in Asuncion, Paraguay. However, the 2001 Copa América saw one of the biggest surprises of the history of the sport as Honduras eliminated Brazil in the quarterfinals. Colombia, the host nation, would go on to win the competition for the first time ever.

From 2001 to 2007, the tournament was contested every three years, and from 2007 forward every four years, with the exception of the tournament's centennial in 2016.

Running from an embarrassing performance in 2001, Brazil reestablished itself in the South American pantheon after defeating Argentina, on penalties, in order to win the 2004 competition held in Peru. Three years later, the two teams met again in the final, this time in Venezuela. Once again, Brazil came out victorious after crushing Argentina 3–0.

Argentina hosted the 2011 competition and was ousted by Uruguay in the quarterfinals by penalty shootout. Uruguay would go on defeating Peru 2–0 in the semis to reach the finals and overpower Paraguay 3–0, thus winning the trophy on Argentinean soil for the third time and second in a row. This, the 43rd edition, was the first time that neither Argentina nor Brazil reached the semifinals of a tournament they both had entered.

The 2015 competition was hosted in Chile, who swapped hosting positions with Brazil in light of the latter's hosting of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics. Chile went on to win the tournament, their first title, on home soil.

In 2016, the centenary of the tournament was celebrated with the Copa América Centenario tournament hosted in the United States; the tournament was the first to be hosted outside of South America and had an expanded field of 16 teams from CONMEBOL and CONCACAF. During the tournament, media outlets reported that CONMEBOL and CONCACAF were negotiating a merger of the Copa América with the CONCACAF Gold Cup, the latter's continental tournament held every 2 years, with the United States hosting regular tournaments; United States Soccer Federation president Sunil Gulati called the report inaccurate, saying that no such discussion had taken place and that a new tournament would have to be established.[7] For the second time in history, Chile won the trophy.

Hosts

Copa America hosts
Map of countries' times hosted.

In 1984, CONMEBOL adopted the policy of rotating the right to host the Copa América amongst the ten member confederations. The first rotation was completed following the 2007 Copa América which took place in Venezuela. A second rotation commenced in 2011, with host countries rotating in alphabetical order, starting with Argentina.[8] Chile, Mexico and the United States expressed interest in hosting the next tournament, but the CONMEBOL Executive Committee decided to continue the execution of the rotation, giving priority of the organization to each of its member associations; each association confirms whether they will host an edition or not, having no obligation to do so. Argentina confirmed on 24 November 2008, via representatives of the Argentine Football Association, that it would host the 2011 Copa América.

The 2015 Copa América was due to be held in Brazil following the order of rotation. However, the hosting of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympics in that nation resulted in the decision being reconsidered. Although CONMEBOL President Nicolas Leoz proposed hosting the continental tournament in Mexico (a member of the CONCACAF federation) and board members Brazil and Chile discussed the possibility of exchanging the 2015 and 2019 tournaments, it was decided and confirmed by the CBF in February 2011 that the 2015 Copa América would remain in Brazil. However, in March 2012, it was announced that Chile would be hosting the 2015 Copa América, after CBF president Ricardo Teixeira resigned from his position and the CBF agreed to swap the tournament's hosting with Chile. The swap was made official in May 2012. The centennial edition of the tournament, Copa América Centenario, took place in June 2016, and was held in the United States.[9] The Copa América Centenario marked the first time the tournament was hosted by a non-CONMEBOL nation.

Each Copa América since 1987 has had its own mascot or logo. Gardelito, the mascot for the 1987 competition, was the first Copa América mascot.

Times hosted
Hosts Editions hosted
 Argentina 10 (1916, 1921, 1925, 1929, 1937, 1946, 1959, 1987, 2011, 2020)
 Uruguay 7 (1917, 1923, 1924, 1942, 1956, 1967, 1995)
 Chile 7 (1920, 1926, 1941, 1945, 1955, 1991, 2015)
 Peru 6 (1927, 1935, 1939, 1953, 1957, 2004)
 Brazil 5 (1919, 1922, 1949, 1989, 2019)
 Ecuador 4 (1947, 1959, 1993, 2024)
No fixed host nation[F] 3 (1975, 1979, 1983)
 Bolivia 2 (1963, 1997)
 Colombia 2 (2001, 2020)
 Paraguay 1 (1999)
 Venezuela 1 (2007)
 United StatesC 1 (2016)
C = non-CONMEBOL host.

Format and rules

The tournament was previously known as Campeonato Sudamericano de Futbol (South American Championship of Football). South American Championship of Nations was the official English language name. The current name has been used since 1975. Between 1975 and 1983 it had no host nation, and was held in a home and away fashion. The current final tournament features 12 national teams competing over a month in the host nation. There are two phases: the group stage followed by the knockout stage. In the group stage, teams compete within three groups of four teams each. Three teams are seeded, including the hosts, with the other seeded teams selected using a formula based on the FIFA World Rankings. The other teams are assigned to different "pots", usually based also on the FIFA Rankings, and teams in each pot are drawn at random to the three groups.

Each group plays a round-robin tournament, in which each team is scheduled for three matches against other teams in the same group. The last round of matches of each group is not scheduled at the same time unlike many tournaments around the world. The top two teams from each group advance to the knockout stage as well as the two best third-place teams. Points are used to rank the teams within a group. Beginning in 1995, three points have been awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss (before, winners received two points).

The ranking of each team in each group is determined as follows:

a) greatest number of points obtained in all group matches;
b) goal difference in all group matches;
c) greatest number of goals scored in all group matches.

If two or more teams are equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings are determined as follows:

d) greatest number of points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned;
e) goal difference resulting from the group matches between the teams concerned;
f) greater number of goals scored in all group matches between the teams concerned;
g) drawing of lots by the CONMEBOL Organizing Committee (i.e. at random).

The knockout stage is a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if a match is still tied after 90 minutes in the quarter-finals and semi-finals, and after extra time in the final. It begins with the quarter-finals, then semi-finals, the third-place match (contested by the losing semi-finalists), and the final.

Invitees

Owing to CONMEBOL's somewhat limited number of registered confederations, countries from other continents are usually invited to participate to make up the 12 teams necessary for the current tournament format. Since 1993, two teams from other confederations, usually from CONCACAF whose members are geographically and culturally close, have also been invited. In all, nine different nations have received invitations: Costa Rica (1997, 2001, 2004, 2011, 2016), Honduras (2001), Japan (1999, 2019), Jamaica (2015, 2016), Mexico (1993, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2016), Haiti (2016), Panama (2016), the United States (1993, 1995, 2007, 2016), and Qatar (2019). The United States was invited to every tournament between 1997 and 2007 but frequently turned down the invitation due to scheduling conflicts with Major League Soccer. However, on 30 October 2006, the US Soccer Federation accepted the invitation to participate in the 2007 tournament, ending a 12-year absence. At the 2001 Copa América, Canada was an invitee, but withdrew just before the start of the tournament due to security concerns. At the 2011 Copa América, Japan withdrew, citing difficulties with European clubs in releasing Japanese players following the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[10] Spain was invited to the 2011 edition, but according to the Royal Spanish Football Federation, they declined because they did not want to interrupt the Spanish players' holidays.[11] At the 2015 Copa América, Japan declined the invitation as it would bring burdens to their overseas players, and China had to withdraw due to the Asian sector of qualification for the 2018 World Cup being held at the same time.[12][13][14][15][16]

Invitees nations record

Team Ecuador
1993
Uruguay
1995
Bolivia
1997
Paraguay
1999
Colombia
2001
Peru
2004
Venezuela
2007
Argentina
2011
Chile
2015
United States
2016
Brazil
2019
Editions
 Costa Rica  –  – GS  – QF QF  – GS  – GS  – 5
 Haiti  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – GS  – 1
 Honduras  –  –  –  – 3rd  –  –  –  –  –  – 1
 Jamaica  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – GS GS  – 2
 Japan  –  –  – GS  –  –  –  –  –  – Q 2
 Mexico 2nd QF 3rd 3rd 2nd QF 3rd GS GS QF  – 10
 Panama  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – GS  – 1
 Qatar  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – Q 1
 United States GS 4th  –  –  –  – GS  –  – 4th  – 4

[QF = quarter final, GS = group stage, 2nd/3rd/4th = final rank]

Trophies

Current Copa América trophy (left) at the Conmebol Museum and the special edition awarded exclusively for Copa América Centenario in 2016

Copa america trofeo
Copa america centenario clean

The Copa América trophy, which is awarded to the winner of the tournament, was donated to the Association by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina, Ernesto Bosch, in 1910, when Argentina organized an event to commemorate the centenary of the May Revolution. That competition (also attended by Uruguay and Chile) was named "Copa del Centenario" (Centennial Cup).[17]

The current Copa América trophy was purchased in 1916 from "Casa Escasany", a jewelry shop in Buenos Aires, at the cost of 3,000 Swiss francs.[18]

The Copa América trophy is a 9 kg (20 lb) weight and 77 cm (30 in) tall silver ornament, with a 3-level wooden base which contains several plaques. The plaques are engraved with every winner of the competition, as well as the edition won.[19] The trophy was once have one- and two-level base, and without any base at all, like the one used in 1975.

On April 2016, a new trophy – specifically designed for the Copa América Centenario – was introduced at the Colombian Football Federation headquarters of Bogota to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the competition.[20] The trophy was based on the original Copa América trophy's shape, added with the 2016 edition logo. The trophy was not have a base. The CAC was 61 cm (24 in) tall with a weight of 7.1 kg (16 lb), covered by 24-carat gold. The emblems of CONMEBOL and CONCACAF were also engraved on its body.[21]

The Copa América Centenario trophy was designed by Epico Studios in the United States and manufactured by London Workshops of Thomas Lyte in England.[22][23] The winning team will keep the trophy in perpetuity.

Apart from the main trophy, the "Copa Bolivia" (a trophy made in silver) has been awarded to the runner-up of the competition since the 1997 edition.[24] The trophy is named after the country that hosted the 1997 Copa América, with a small Bolivian flag attached on one of its sides.[25]

Results

South American Championship era

# Year Hosts Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
1 1916
Details
 Argentina
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Brazil
[A]
Chile
4
2 1917
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Brazil
[A]
Chile
4
3 1919
Details
 Brazil
Brazil
1–0[B]
(a.e.t.)

Uruguay

Argentina
[A]
Chile
4
4 1920
Details
 Chile
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Brazil
[A]
Chile
4
5 1921
Details
 Argentina
Argentina
[A]
Brazil

Uruguay
[A]
Paraguay
5/4[C]
6 1922
Details
 Brazil
Brazil
3–0[B]
Paraguay

Uruguay
[A]
Argentina
5
7 1923
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Paraguay
[A]
Brazil
5/4[C]
8 1924
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Paraguay
[A]
Chile
5/4[D]
9 1925
Details
 Argentina
Argentina
[A]
Brazil

Paraguay
[A] N/A 5/3[E]
10 1926
Details
 Chile
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Chile
[A]
Paraguay
6/5[D]
11 1927
Details
 Peru
Argentina
[A]
Uruguay

Peru
[A]
Bolivia
7/4[F]
12 1929
Details
 Argentina
Argentina
[A]
Paraguay

Uruguay
[A]
Peru
7/4[G]
13 1935
Details
 Peru
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Peru
[A]
Chile
7/4[H]
14 1937
Details
 Argentina
Argentina
2–0[B]
Brazil

Uruguay
[A]
Paraguay
8/6[I]
15 1939
Details
 Peru
Peru
[A]
Uruguay

Paraguay
[A]
Chile
9/5[J]
16 1941
Details
 Chile
Argentina
[A]
Uruguay

Chile
[A]
Peru
9/5[K]
17 1942
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Brazil
[A]
Paraguay
9/7[I]
18 1945
Details
 Chile
Argentina
[A]
Brazil

Chile
[A]
Uruguay
9/7[L]
19 1946
Details
 Argentina
Argentina
[A]
Brazil

Paraguay
[A]
Uruguay
9/6[M]
20 1947
Details
 Ecuador
Argentina
[A]
Paraguay

Uruguay
[A]
Chile
9/8[D]
21 1949
Details
 Brazil
Brazil
7–0[B]
Paraguay

Peru
[A]
Bolivia
9/8[N]
22 1953
Details
 Peru
Paraguay
3–2[B]
Brazil

Uruguay
[A]
Chile
9/7[O]
23 1955
Details
 Chile
Argentina
[A]
Chile

Peru
[A]
Uruguay
9/6[P]
24 1956
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay
[A]
Chile

Argentina
[A]
Brazil
9/6[Q]
25 1957
Details
 Peru
Argentina
[A]
Brazil

Uruguay
[A]
Peru
9/7[R]
26 1959
Details
 Argentina
Argentina
[A]
Brazil

Paraguay
[A]
Peru
9/7[S]
27 1959
Details
 Ecuador
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Brazil
[A]
Ecuador
9/5[T]
28 1963
Details
 Bolivia
Bolivia
[A]
Paraguay

Argentina
[A]
Brazil
9/7[E]
29 1967
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay
[A]
Argentina

Chile
[A]
Paraguay
6

Copa América era

# Year Hosts Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
30 1975
Details
Various
Peru
0–1 / 2–1
Play-off: 1–0

Colombia

Brazil
[A]
Uruguay
10
31 1979
Details
Various
Paraguay
3–0 / 0–1
Play-off: 0–0 (a.e.t.)

Chile

Brazil
[A]
Peru
10
32 1983
Details
Various
Uruguay
2–0 / 1–1
Brazil

Paraguay
[A]
Peru
10
33 1987
Details
 Argentina
Uruguay
1–0
Chile

Colombia
2–1
Argentina
10
34 1989
Details
 Brazil
Brazil
[B]
Uruguay

Argentina
[B]
Paraguay
10
35 1991
Details
 Chile
Argentina
[C]
Brazil

Chile
[C]
Colombia
10
36 1993
Details
 Ecuador
Argentina
2–1
Mexico

Colombia
1–0
Ecuador
12
37 1995
Details
 Uruguay
Uruguay
1–1
(5–3p)

Brazil

Colombia
4–1
United States
12
38 1997
Details
 Bolivia
Brazil
3–1
Bolivia

Mexico
1–0
Peru
12
39 1999
Details
 Paraguay
Brazil
3–0
Uruguay

Mexico
2–1
Chile
12
40 2001
Details
 Colombia
Colombia
1–0
Mexico

Honduras
2–2
(5–4p)

Uruguay
12[D]
41 2004
Details
 Peru
Brazil
2–2
(4–2p)

Argentina

Uruguay
2–1
Colombia
12
42 2007
Details
 Venezuela
Brazil
3–0
Argentina

Mexico
3–1
Uruguay
12
43 2011
Details
 Argentina
Uruguay
3–0
Paraguay

Peru
4–1
Venezuela
12
44 2015
Details
 Chile
Chile
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(4–1p)

Argentina

Peru
2–0
Paraguay
12
45 2016
Details
 United States
Chile
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(4–2p)

Argentina

Colombia
1–0
United States
16[E]
46 2019
Details
 Brazil 12
47 2020
Details
 Argentina
 Colombia
12
48 2024
Details
 Ecuador 12 or 16
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • p: after penalty shoot-out

Performance by country

Cumulative top four results for both South American Championships and Copa Américas.

Team Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place
 Uruguay 15 (1916, 1917 *, 1920, 1923 *, 1924 *, 1926, 1935, 1942 *, 1956 *, 1959 (Ecuador), 1967 *, 1983, 1987, 1995 *, 2011) 6 (1919, 1927, 1939, 1941, 1989, 1999) 9 (1921, 1922, 1929, 1937, 1947, 1953, 1957, 1975, 2004) 5 (1945, 1946, 1955, 2001, 2007)
 Argentina 14 (1921 *, 1925 *, 1927, 1929 *, 1937 *, 1941, 1945, 1946 *, 1947, 1955, 1957, 1959 (Argentina) *, 1991, 1993) 14 (1916 *, 1917, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1935, 1942, 1959 (Ecuador), 1967, 2004, 2007, 2015, 2016) 4 (1919, 1956, 1963, 1989) 2 (1922, 1987 *)
 Brazil 8 (1919 *, 1922 *, 1949 *, 1989 *, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2007) 11 (1921, 1925, 1937, 1945, 1946, 1953, 1957, 1959 (Argentina), 1983, 1991, 1995) 7 (1916, 1917, 1920, 1942, 1959 (Ecuador), 1975, 1979) 3 (1923, 1956, 1963)
 Paraguay 2 (1953, 1979) 6 (1922, 1929, 1947, 1949, 1963, 2011) 7 (1923, 1924, 1925, 1939, 1946, 1959 (Argentina), 1983) 7 (1921, 1926, 1937, 1942, 1967, 1989, 2015)
 Chile 2 (2015 *, 2016) 4 (1955 *, 1956, 1979, 1987) 5 (1926 *, 1941 *, 1945 *, 1967, 1991 *) 10 (1916, 1917, 1919, 1920 *, 1924, 1935, 1939, 1947, 1953, 1999)
 Peru 2 (1939 *, 1975) 8 (1927 *, 1935 *, 1949, 1955, 1979, 1983, 2011, 2015) 5 (1929, 1941, 1957 *, 1959 (Argentina), 1997)
 Colombia 1 (2001 *) 1 (1975) 4 (1987, 1993, 1995, 2016) 2 (1991, 2004)
 Bolivia 1 (1963 *) 1 (1997 *) 2 (1927, 1949)
 Mexico^ 2 (1993, 2001) 3 (1997, 1999, 2007)
 Honduras^ 1 (2001)
 Ecuador 2 (1959 (Ecuador) *, 1993 *)
 United States^ 2 (1995, 2016 *)
 Venezuela 1 (2011)
*=hosts
^=invitees
  • There have been only 3 editions where neither Brazil nor Uruguay has finished in the top four (1993, 2015, 2016).
  • There have been only 3 editions where neither Argentina nor Brazil has finished in the top four (1939, 2001, 2011).
  • There have been only 3 editions where neither Argentina nor Uruguay finish in the top four (1949, 1979, 1997).
  • All Copa América tournaments held in Brazil, Colombia and Uruguay have been won by the host nation.

See also

References

  1. ^ "X Campeonato Sud Americano de Football". biblioteca.afa.org.ar. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b "The oldest continental tournament in the world". CONMEBOL.com. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  3. ^ "CONCACAF and CONMEBOL Announce Agreement to Bring Copa America 2016 to the United States". CONCACAF.com. 1 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Copa América: History". CONMEBOL. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 May 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "2005/2006 season: final worldwide matchday to be 14 May 2006". FIFA.com. 19 December 2004. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  7. ^ Butler, Alex (8 June 2016). "Copa America 2016: Contradicting reports surface on U.S. becoming permanent home". United Press International. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Copa América: a new cycle begins and the revolving calendar remains". 21 December 2007. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008.
  9. ^ "Reunión de Presidentes y el C. Ejecutivo". CONMEBOL.com. 24 October 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  10. ^ "Copa América Argentina 2011: Japón comunicó que no participará del torneo" [Copa América Argentine 2011: Japan announced that they will not participate in the tournament]. CONMEBOL. 16 May 2011. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
  11. ^ "Japón se Copa en América". 14 April 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  12. ^ "China to enter 2015 Copa America in Chile". wildeastfootball.net. 2 March 2014.
  13. ^ "China accept 2015 Copa America invitation". tribalfootball.com. 3 March 2014.
  14. ^ "China agree to enter 2015 Copa America". Global Times. 3 March 2014.
  15. ^ "遗憾!赛程撞车,足协忍痛放弃美洲杯" (in Chinese). Hupu.com. 16 April 2014.
  16. ^ "足协正式拒绝美洲杯:冲世界杯 紧" (in Chinese). Hupu.com. 19 April 2014. Archived from the original on 20 April 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  17. ^ "Una historia que cumple 100 años" by Oscar Barnade, Clarín, 6 June 2016
  18. ^ "El origen catalán de la Copa América", Sobre Césped.com
  19. ^ "Trofeo de la Copa América" on DePeru.com
  20. ^ "Fue presentado en Bogotá el trofeo de la Copa América Centenario", El Espectador, 28 April 2016
  21. ^ "Copa América Centenario: La historia de los dos trofeos" Archived 24 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Copa América website
  22. ^ "Este es el trofeo que se llevará el ganador de la Copa América", El Colombiano, 2 June 2016
  23. ^ "Así es el trofeo de la Copa América Centenario", Infobae, 28 April 2016
  24. ^ "'Bolivia' para el segundo", Correo del Sur, 4 July 2015
  25. ^ "Entérate por qué el trofeo de subcampeón tiene una bandera de Bolivia", Ovación Deportes, 5 July 2016

External links

1983 Copa América

The 1983 Copa América football tournament was played between August 10 and November 4, with all ten CONMEBOL members participating. Defending champions Paraguay received a bye into the semi-finals.

1987 Copa América

The 1987 Copa América was the 33rd edition of the Copa América, CONMEBOL's national team competition. It was the first Copa América under the new rotational hosting system. Argentina, as the first country alphabetically, hosted the tournament between June 27 and July 12. Uruguay successfully defended their title, winning a record 13th Copa América.

1991 Copa América

The 1991 Copa América football tournament was hosted by Chile, from July 6 to 21. It was organized by CONMEBOL and all ten member nations participated.

This was the last time that the tournament consisted of only CONMEBOL member nations. In subsequent tournaments, at least two nations from outside CONMEBOL have been invited to bring the total number of participants to twelve.

Argentina won the Copa América for the 13th time, their first since 1959.

1993 Copa América

The 1993 Copa América was the 36th Copa América, CONMEBOL's football tournament for national teams. It was held in Ecuador between June 15 and July 4. All 10 CONMEBOL members took part, but for the first time two nations from outside CONMEBOL were invited to take part in the tournament, to round out the format. Mexico and the USA were the invited teams for this tournament. Argentina defeated Mexico in the final 2–1 to win their record 14th continental championship.

It was the first edition of the Copa América in which neither Brazil nor Uruguay finished in the top four. This would not occur again until 2015.

1999 Copa América

The 1999 Copa América was a football tournament held in Paraguay, from June 29 to July 18. It was organized by CONMEBOL, South America's football governing body.

Due to the low number of entrants, there is no qualifying for the final tournament. Japan became the first non-American team to participate. Uruguay sent a youth team.

2001 Copa América

The 2001 Copa América was held in Colombia, from 11 to 29 July. It was organised by CONMEBOL, South America's football governing body. Colombia won the tournament without conceding a goal.There is no qualifying for the final tournament. CONMEBOL's ten South American countries participate, along with two more invited countries, making a total of twelve teams competing in the tournament. Originally, Mexico and CONCACAF Champions Canada were invited.

Prior to the tournament, three meetings were held by CONMEBOL authorities who were concerned about potential security issues in Colombia. On 1 July they announced the cancellation of the tournament. Venezuela offered to host the competition, but on 6 July CONMEBOL decided to reinstate the plans for Colombia, and the tournament was held on schedule.

When the tournament was originally cancelled, Canada disbanded its training camp and Canadian players returned to their club teams. The Canadian Soccer Association announced they would not be able to participate in the reinstated tournament. With only a few days notice, Costa Rica (CONCACAF) accepted an invite to take Canada's spot in the tournament. The Costa Ricans advanced to the knockout stage, losing in the quarterfinals.

Complaining about the sudden reversal, and claiming that Argentine players had received death threats from terrorist groups, the Argentine Football Association decided to withdraw from the competition on 10 July, in spite of Colombian authorities proposing to implement additional protection measures. With the tournament starting the next day, Honduras (CONCACAF) were invited, arriving with barely enough players on 13 July in an airplane provided by the Colombian Air Force, after the tournament started and just a few hours before its first game. The Hondurans performed well through the tournament, finishing in third place.

Despite the pre-tournament concerns, there were no incidents of violence nor acts of assault towards any of the participating nations.

2004 Copa América

The 2004 Copa América was the 41st edition of the Copa América, the South-American championship for international association football teams. The competition was organized by CONMEBOL, South America's football governing body, and was held in Peru, who hosted the tournament for the sixth time, from 6 to 25 July.

The tournament was won by Brazil in a shootout over Argentina. Notably, this made Brazil hold the World Cup and Copa América titles simultaneously for the second time in history, as happened after 1997 Copa América.

There is no qualifying tournament for the final tournament. CONMEBOL's 10 South American countries participated, along with two more invited countries, making a total of twelve teams competing in the tournament. The two invited countries for this edition of the Copa América were Mexico and Costa Rica.

2007 Copa América

The 2007 Campeonato Sudamericano Copa América, known simply as the 2007 Copa América or 2007 Copa América Venezuela, was the 42nd edition of the Copa América, the South-American championship for international association football teams. The competition was organized by CONMEBOL, South America's football governing body, and was held between 26 June and 15 July in Venezuela, which hosted the tournament for the first time.

The competition was won by Brazil (they were also the defending champions), who beat Argentina 3–0 in the final.Mexico took third place by beating Uruguay 3–1 in the third-place match. Brazil thus won the right to represent CONMEBOL at the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.

2011 Copa América

The 2011 Campeonato Sudamericano Copa América, better known as the 2011 Copa América or the Copa América 2011 Argentina, was the 43rd edition of the Copa América, the main international football tournament for national teams in South America. The competition was organized by CONMEBOL, South America's football governing body, and was held in Argentina from 1 to 24 July. The draw for the tournament was held in La Plata on 11 November 2010.

Uruguay won the tournament after defeating Paraguay 3–0 in the final, giving them a record 15th Copa América title and their first since 1995. Paraguay, as the tournament runner-up, earned the Copa Bolivia; Paraguay's performance was noteworthy, as they were able to reach the finals without winning a single game in the tournament; their success in the final stages was achieved by the way of penalty shoot-outs. Brazil were the defending champions who got knocked out by Paraguay in the quarter final after failing to convert any of the penalties. As the tournament champion, Uruguay earned the right to represent CONMEBOL in the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, held in Brazil. Peru finished third after defeating Venezuela 4–1 in the third-place match.

2015 Copa América

The 2015 Copa América was the 44th edition of the Copa América, the main international football tournament for national teams in South America, and took place in Chile between 11 June and 4 July 2015. The competition was organized by CONMEBOL, South America's football governing body.

Twelve teams competed, the ten members of CONMEBOL and two guests from CONCACAF – Mexico and Jamaica, the latter of which competed in the Copa América for the first time. Uruguay were the defending champions, but were eliminated by the host nation Chile in the quarter-finals. Chile won their first title by defeating Argentina in the final on a penalty shootout after a goalless draw. As winners, they qualified for the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup in Russia.

2019 Copa América

The 2019 Copa América will be the 46th edition of the Copa América, the quadrennial international men's association football championship organized by South America's football ruling body CONMEBOL. It will be held in Brazil. Chile are the two-time defending champions, having won the 2015 and 2016 editions of the tournament.

2020 Copa América

The 2020 Copa América will be the 47th edition of the Copa América, the quadrennial international men's football championship organized by South America's football ruling body, CONMEBOL. The tournament will take place in Colombia and Argentina from 12 June to 12 July 2020. This will mark the first time it will be hosted by more than one country since 1983, when it was played in a home-away basis, and the first time ever in two countries.

Starting from this edition, the tournament will switch to be held in even-numbered years, with the next edition taking place in 2024.

Argentina national football team

The Argentina national football team (Spanish: Selección de fútbol de Argentina) represents Argentina in football. Argentina's home stadium is Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti in Buenos Aires.

La Selección (national team), also known as the Albicelestes, has appeared in five World Cup finals, including the first final in 1930, which they lost 4–2 to Uruguay. Argentina won in their next final appearance in 1978, beating the Netherlands at extra time, 3–1. Argentina won again in 1986, through a 3–2 victory over West Germany, and a tournament campaign led by Diego Maradona. They made the World Cup finals once more in 1990, and lost 1–0 to West Germany following a controversial penalty call in the 87th minute. Argentina, led by Lionel Messi, made their fifth appearance in a World Cup final in 2014, again losing to Germany, 1–0 during extra-time. Argentina's World Cup winning managers are César Luis Menotti in 1978, and Carlos Bilardo in 1986.

Argentina has been very successful in the Copa América, winning it 14 times, being second only to Uruguay in Copa América victories. Argentina have also won the 'extra' South American Championships in 1941, 1945 and 1946. The team also won the 1992 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 1993 Artemio Franchi Trophy. The Argentine olympic team won the Olympics football tournaments in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008.Argentina, Brazil and France are the only national teams that have won the three most important men's titles recognized by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, and the Olympic tournament. They have also won their respective continental championship (Copa América for Argentina and Brazil, and UEFA European Championship for France). Argentina is scheduled to co-host the 2020 Copa América with Colombia.

Argentina is known for having rivalries with Brazil, Uruguay, England, and Germany due to particular occurrences with one another throughout football history.

Arturo Vidal

Arturo Erasmo Vidal Pardo (Spanish pronunciation: [aɾˈtuɾo eˈɾazmo βiˈðal ˈpaɾðo]; born 22 May 1987) is a Chilean professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Spanish club Barcelona and the Chile national team. His displays during his time at Juventus led him to be nicknamed Il Guerriero ("The Warrior"), Rey Arturo ("King Arthur") and La Piranha by the Italian press due to his hard-tackling and aggressive, tenacious style of play.VIdal started his career with Colo-Colo, where he won three Chilean Primera División titles. He moved to Europe, where he joined Bundesliga club Bayer Leverkusen and played there for four seasons. He then moved to Juventus in 2011, where he became widely recognized as one of the best midfielders in world football. At Juventus, he won the Scudetti in all four of his seasons and also was integral for them in reaching the 2015 UEFA Champions League Final. Vidal was named to the ten-man shortlist for the 2015 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award following his performances. On 28 July 2015, Vidal returned to the Bundesliga, joining Bayern Munich and won three consecutive Bundesliga titles. After three years at Munich, he signed for La Liga giants Barcelona.

Vidal has earned 103 caps for the Chile national team since his debut in 2007, playing in the 2011 and 2015 Copa América tournaments, as well as the Copa América Centenario, the 2010 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, and the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, helping his nation to victory at the 2015 Copa América and the Copa América Centenario.

Claudio Bravo

Claudio Andrés Bravo Muñoz (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈklauðjo ˈβɾaβo]; born 13 April 1983) is a Chilean professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Premier League club Manchester City and the Chile national team.

He started playing with Colo-Colo and moved to Real Sociedad in 2006, appearing in 237 official games with the latter club. Barcelona signed him for €12 million in 2014, and he won the treble and the Zamora Trophy in his first season. In the summer of 2016, he moved to Manchester City.

Bravo is Chile's second-most capped player of all time, after Alexis Sánchez, with over 115 appearances since his debut in 2004, and represented the nation in two World Cups, a FIFA Confederations Cup and five Copa América tournaments. He captained his side to victory at the 2015 and 2016 editions of the latter competition.

Copa América Centenario

The Copa América Centenario (English: Centennial Cup Americas; literally Centennial America Cup) was an international men's association football tournament that was hosted in the United States in 2016. The competition was a celebration of the centenary of CONMEBOL and the Copa América, and was the first Copa América hosted outside South America.The tournament was the 45th edition of Copa América since its inception in 1916. It was held as part of an agreement between CONMEBOL (the South American football confederation) and CONCACAF (the football confederation for North and Central America and the Caribbean) as a special edition between the usual four-year cycle, and featured an expanded field of 16 teams (an increase from the usual 12), with all ten teams from CONMEBOL and six teams from CONCACAF. Despite the tournament being an official iteration of the Copa América, the winner would not receive an invitation to the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup due to the commemorative nature of the tournament, although eventual winners Chile had already qualified through their 2015 victory.

Chile became the fourth nation to win at least two consecutive Copa América titles, after Uruguay, Argentina and Brazil. Argentina, meanwhile, lost their third consecutive final in a major tournament, following losses to Germany at the 2014 World Cup and Chile at the 2015 Copa América.

Copa América de Futsal

The Copa América de Futsal is the main national futsal competition of the CONMEBOL nations organized by the FIFA. It was first held in 1995, although it was preceded in 1992 by an edition of the CONMEBOL Futsal Championship. In 1996, the second edition of both tournaments were held as a single event. The Copa América was held every year until 1999. In 2000, it was organized as the third and last edition of the CONMEBOL Futsal Championship. In 2003, the tournament was refounded in its current format. Since then, the tournament has had five editions held.

Diego Godín

Diego Roberto Godín Leal (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈdjeɣo ɣoˈðin]; born 16 February 1986) is a Uruguayan professional footballer who plays as a central defender and captains both Spanish club Atlético Madrid and the Uruguay national team.Commonly cited as one of the best defenders in the world, he started his professional career with Cerro and three years later was transferred to Primera División side Nacional. He since spent most of his professional career in Spain, representing Villarreal and Atlético Madrid and winning seven major titles with the latter club, including the La Liga title in the 2013–14 season.

An Uruguay international since 2005, Godín appeared for the country at three World Cups and four Copa América tournaments, winning the 2011 edition of the latter competition.

Ángel Di María

Ángel Fabián Di María (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈaŋxel di maˈɾi.a]; born 14 February 1988) is an Argentine professional footballer who plays for Paris Saint-Germain and the Argentina national team. He can play as either a winger or attacking midfielder.

After beginning his career with Rosario Central, Di María moved to Europe in 2007 to play for Benfica, earning a €25 million move to Real Madrid three years later. He played a major role in the club's 2011–12 La Liga triumph. After winning the UEFA Champions League with Real Madrid, he signed for Manchester United in 2014 for a British record £59.7 million, but joined PSG a year later for around £44 million.

A full international for Argentina since 2008, Di María has earned over 90 caps for his country. He scored the goal that won the country gold at the 2008 Olympics, and has also represented them at three FIFA World Cups and three Copa América tournaments, reaching the final of the 2014 World Cup, the 2015 Copa América, and the Copa América Centenario.

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba The tournament winner was decided in a single group stage.
  2. ^ a b c d e After both teams finished tied in the standings, the title was decided in a playoff match.
  3. ^ a b Chile withdrew from the tournament.
  4. ^ a b c Brazil withdrew from the tournament.
  5. ^ a b Chile and Uruguay withdrew from the tournament.
  6. ^ Brazil, Chile and Paraguay withdrew from the tournament.
  7. ^ Bolivia, Brazil and Chile withdrew from the tournament.
  8. ^ Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay withdrew from the tournament.
  9. ^ a b Bolivia and Colombia withdrew from the tournament.
  10. ^ Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia withdrew from the tournament.
  11. ^ Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Paraguay withdrew from the tournament.
  12. ^ Paraguay and Peru withdrew from the tournament.
  13. ^ Colombia, Ecuador and Peru withdrew from the tournament.
  14. ^ Argentina withdrew from the tournament.
  15. ^ Argentina and Colombia withdrew from the tournament.
  16. ^ Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia withdrew from the tournament.
  17. ^ Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador withdrew from the tournament.
  18. ^ Bolivia and Paraguay withdrew from the tournament.
  19. ^ Colombia and Ecuador withdrew from the tournament.
  20. ^ Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, and Peru withdrew from the tournament.
Notes
  1. ^ a b c No third place match was played; teams are listed in alphabetical order.
  2. ^ a b The tournament winner was decided by a final round-robin group contested by four teams (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay).
  3. ^ a b The tournament winner was decided by a final round-robin group contested by four teams (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia).
  4. ^ Argentina and invitee Canada withdrew from the tournament; Honduras and Costa Rica took their place.
  5. ^ Six CONCACAF teams, including newcomers Haiti and Panama, participated in the tournament as celebration of the centenary of CONMEBOL and the Copa América.
Copa América
Tournaments
Finals
Squads
Copa América – Champions
Countries at the Copa América
Argentina Argentina (AFA)
Bolivia Bolivia (FBF)
Brazil Brazil (CBF)
Chile Chile (FFC)
Colombia Colombia (FCF)
Ecuador Ecuador (FEF)
Paraguay Paraguay (APF)
Peru Peru (FPF)
Uruguay Uruguay (AUF)
Venezuela Venezuela (FVF)
National team competitions
Club competitions
International association football
Africa
Asia
Europe
North America,
Central America
and the Caribbean
Oceania
South America
Non-FIFA
Games
Olympic sports
Non-Olympic sports

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.