Octavio Víctor "Cookie" Rojas Rivas (born March 6, 1939) is a Cuban former professional baseball player, coach, and manager. He is currently a television sports commentator. He played in Major League Baseball as a second baseman and outfielder for the Cincinnati Reds, Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, and Kansas City Royals. Listed at 5' 10" (1.78), 160 lb (73 k), A five-time All-Star player, Rojas batted and threw right-handed. He is the Miami Marlins' Spanish-language TV color commentator.
|Second baseman / Manager|
|Born: March 6, 1939|
|April 10, 1962, for the Cincinnati Reds|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 1, 1977, for the Kansas City Royals|
|Runs batted in||593|
|Career highlights and awards|
Playing baseball over the objections of his father, who wanted him to be a doctor, Rojas signed his first professional baseball contract with the Cincinnati Reds as a 17-year-old amateur free agent prior to the start of the 1956 season. Rojas was then assigned to Cincinnati's D-level team, the West Palm Beach Sun Chiefs in the Florida State League. From 1957 to 1959, Rojas would make steady progress through the Reds' minor league system, playing for the Wausau Lumberjacks in the C-level Northern League in 1957, the Savannah Redlegs in the Single A Sally League in 1958, before coming home and playing for the Havana Sugar Kings in the AAA International League. His advancement through the system was steady despite his batting average falling every year between 1956 and 1960, finally bottoming out at .225. Although he possessed an above-average glove, the Reds were not sure he'd ever hit enough to play regularly in the majors. Consequently, he would spend the next three seasons at AAA, playing for Havana and the Jersey City Jerseys, where he would continue to struggle with his bat while being blocked in the majors by superior Reds' second basemen in All Stars Johnny Temple, Billy Martin, and Don Blasingame. Rojas would finally go north with the Reds at the beginning of the 1962 season and would make his major league debut on April 10. However, he would continue to show little at the plate, hitting .221 with only 2 extra base hits in 78 at bats, and would be sent down to the AAA Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers for the remainder of the season.
After the 1962 season, Rojas was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies for relief pitcher Jim Owens. Although the Phillies already had an All-Star second baseman in fellow Cuban Tony Taylor, Rojas had seen the last of the minor leagues and would man second in 27 games in 1963. Although he became the regular Phillies second baseman in 1965, Rojas would go on to play at every fielding position, including catcher and pitcher, but would see the bulk of his playing time in the outfield and shortstop in addition to second base. Getting more playing time helped improve his batting, as Rojas hit .291 in 1964 and a career-high .303 in 1965, when he was named to his first All-Star team. As a Phillie, Rojas teamed with shortstop Bobby Wine in a stellar double-play combination that media and fans began to refer as “The Plays of Wine and Rojas,” a takeoff of the song, The Days of Wine and Roses.
Following the 1969 season in which Rojas hit only .228 and hot prospect Denny Doyle tore through AAA with a .310 average, the Phillies decided to include him in the blockbuster trade that sent slugging first baseman Dick Allen and right-handed pitcher Jerry Johnson to the St. Louis Cardinals for centerfielder Curt Flood, catcher Tim McCarver, outfielder Byron Browne, and left-handed pitcher Joe Hoerner, the trade that led ultimately to Major League baseball free agency. By the time the Phillies traded Rojas to the Cardinals in 1970, it appeared his career might be over, as he was hitting only .106 going into the June trading deadline. St. Louis in turn traded him to the Kansas City Royals for outfielder/third baseman Fred Rico on June 13. Kansas City, a team in only its second year of existence, wanted a veteran presence to steady its infield, and in return for the career–minor leaguer Rico, the Royals gained a player who would man second base for most of the next eight seasons and appear in four consecutive All-Star games from 1971 to 1974.
In April 1970, at least one news report mistakenly said Rojas was critically injured in an auto accident. In fact it was former major leaguer Minnie Rojas. In the 1972 All-Star Game in Atlanta, he hit a pinch-hit, two-run homer in the eighth inning, which was the first time that a non-American-born player had ever homered for the American League in the mid-summer classic.
Though a fan favorite, Rojas lost his job as the Royals' starting second baseman to Frank White in 1976, who was much younger than the 37-year-old Rojas and both hit and fielded better than Rojas. Remaining with the team for two more years, Rojas filled a utility role with the team, playing at first, second and third base, and designated hitter. After being released by the team after the 1977 season, Rojas spent 1978 on the sidelines. Despite signing with the Chicago Cubs on September 1, he did not get into a game with the team and retired from baseball.
Rojas is currently in second place on the Royals all-time list of games played at second base with 789, second only to White.
After his playing career, Rojas coached and scouted for various teams. In 1988, he became only the third Cuban-born manager in major-league history when he took the helm of the California Angels, whom he had guided to fourth place with a 75–79 record before being replaced with Moose Stubing with eight games left in the season (with the Angels losing all eight games). In 1996, Rojas managed one game for the Florida Marlins after manager Rene Lachemann was fired before John Boles finished the season for the Marlins.
During the 1999 playoffs, while coaching third base for the New York Mets, Rojas was suspended for five games for getting into a shoving match with umpire Charlie Williams while arguing a foul ball call. Rojas also served as the team's third base coach during the 2000 season, in which they appeared in the World Series. From 2001 to 2002 he was bench coach with the Toronto Blue Jays and was unofficial manager for 3 games in 2001.
For the 2002 season, Rojas was third base coach for the Toronto Blue Jays.
Rojas' youngest son, Victor, is a play-by-play announcer for the Los Angeles Angels. His second oldest son, Mike, is a minor league manager and former MLB bullpen coach for the Detroit Tigers and Seattle Mariners.
Currently, Cookie Rojas serves as the Marlins' Spanish television announcer (SAP). Rojas also serves as a member of the board of the Baseball Assistance Team, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to helping former Major League, Minor League, and Negro League players through financial and medical hardships.
In 2011, he was inducted into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame.
| Chicago Cubs first base coach
| Chicago Cubs third base coach
| Florida Marlins third base coach
| New York Mets third base coach
| Toronto Blue Jays bench coach
The 1970 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 89th season in St. Louis, Missouri, and the 79th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 76–86 during the season and finished fourth in the National League East, 13 games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates. The season was also the first of 26 seasons for AstroTurf at Busch Memorial Stadium.1972 Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The 1972 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, the 43rd such game, was played on July 25, 1972. The all-stars from the American League and the National League faced each other at Atlanta Stadium, home of the Atlanta Braves. The National League came away with a 4–3 win in 10 innings.This was the third All-Star Game hosted by the Braves (1936 and 1955), but the first All-Star Game to be hosted by the team in Atlanta (the previous two being hosted in their previous homes of Boston and Milwaukee, respectively). This would be the only All-Star Game played in Atlanta Stadium, as the Braves had moved to Turner Field when the exhibition returned to Atlanta in 2000.After seeing their 8 All-Star Game winning streak ended in 1971, the game would mark the start of an 11-game winning streak for the NL, the longest winning streak by either league in the exhibition's history. This was also the final All-Star Game for Roberto Clemente before his death in a plane crash on New Year's Eve.1976 Kansas City Royals season
The 1976 Kansas City Royals season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Royals finishing first in the American League West with a record of 90 wins and 72 losses. They lost in the 1976 American League Championship Series to the New York Yankees, three games to two.1977 Kansas City Royals season
The 1977 Kansas City Royals season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Royals finishing first in the American League West with a record of 102 wins and 60 losses. They went on to lose the 1977 American League Championship Series to the New York Yankees, 3 games to 2.1983 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting
Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1983 followed the system in place since 1978.
The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and
elected two, Juan Marichal and Brooks Robinson.
The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider older major league players as well as managers, umpires, executives, and figures from the Negro Leagues.
It selected Walter Alston and George Kell.1988 California Angels season
The California Angels 1988 season involved the Angels finishing 4th in the American League West with a record of 75 wins and 87 losses.1996 Florida Marlins season
The Florida Marlins' 1996 season was the 4th season for the Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise in the National League. It would begin with the team attempting to improve on their season from 1995. Their managers were Rene Lachemann, Cookie Rojas, and John Boles. They played home games in Miami Gardens, Florida. They finished with a record of 80-82, 3rd in the National League East.
The Marlins home ballpark at the time had been known as Joe Robbie Stadium since opening. However in the middle of the 1996 season, the Miami Dolphins, who controlled the stadium, sold naming rights to Pro Player by Fruit of the Loom.
Thus, in the middle of the Marlins season on August 26, Joe Robbie Stadium was renamed Pro Player Park. On September 10, after the Dolphins home opener and still before the end of baseball season, the park was renamed Pro Player Stadium, a name which remained though the 2004 season.Bobby Knoop
Robert Frank Knoop [kuh-NOPP] (born October 18, 1938) is a former Major League Baseball second baseman and right-handed batter who played for the California Angels (1964–69), Chicago White Sox (1969–70) and Kansas City Royals (1971–72).
Nicknamed "Nureyev" by sportswriters for his exciting and acrobatic fielding plays, Knoop played a deep second base, with exceptional range and a strong arm. He turned the double play well along with shortstop Jim Fregosi, to give the Angels outstanding keystone defense. In 1967, the pair both won the gold glove award at their respective position. As a hitter, he had his best season in 1966 with career-highs of 17 home runs, 72 RBI, 54 runs and 11 triples.
After attending Montebello High School in Montebello, California, Knoop was signed by the Milwaukee Braves in 1956. The Angels obtained him via the Rule 5 draft, by the rules of which he was required to remain on the 1964 major-league roster. He in fact played in every game that season and remained the Angels' regular second baseman for the next five and a half years. Knoop was sent to the White Sox in mid-1969 and then was traded to the Royals in 1971. With Kansas City, he played mostly as a backup for Cookie Rojas.
In his career Knoop batted .236, with 56 home runs, 331 RBIs, 337 runs, 129 doubles, 29 triples, and 16 stolen bases in 1153 games.
After retiring, Knoop was a coach for 21 seasons in the American League with the White Sox (1977–78), Angels (1979–96) and Toronto Blue Jays (2000). In 1994 Knoop served as manager of the Angels for two games, posting a 1-1 record. Currently, Knoop works as an infield assistant coach at Seton Catholic High School in Arizona and is listed as infield coach by the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim.Byron Browne
Byron Ellis Browne (born December 27, 1942) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder.
He played with the Chicago Cubs, Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, and Philadelphia Phillies between 1965 and 1972.
Browne was signed by the Pittsburgh Pirates as an amateur free agent on September 9, 1962, then was drafted by the Cubs from the Pirates in the 1963 first-year draft.
In his first Major League Baseball at-bat on September 9, 1965, Browne lined out in the second inning of Sandy Koufax's perfect game. After a productive rookie season in 1966, Browne spent most of 1967 in Double-A Dallas. He played in parts of three seasons with the Cubs, hitting .236 with 16 home runs in 134 games. He also led the league in strikeouts in 1966 with 143.
Browne was traded by the Cubs to the Astros on May 4, 1968, in return for Aaron Pointer but only played in 10 games with the Astros, totaling three hits in 19 at-bats.
The Cardinals purchased him from the Astros on February 12, 1969, where he appeared in 22 games while hitting .226 spending most of the season in AAA with the Tulsa Oilers.
Browne was traded to the Phillies, along with Curt Flood, Tim McCarver, and Joe Hoerner, for Dick Allen, Cookie Rojas, and Jerry Johnson on October 7, 1969. He played the rest of his MLB career for Philadelphia.
Browne's son (Byron Browne, Jr.) played 10 years in the Milwaukee Brewers farm system.Charlie Williams (umpire)
Charles Herman Williams (December 20, 1943 – September 10, 2005) was an American baseball umpire who officiated in the National League from 1978 to 1999, and in both leagues in 2000. In 1993 he became the first African American umpire to work behind home plate in a World Series game. He wore uniform number 25.
Williams was born in Denver, Colorado, attended George Washington High School, and became an All-America football player at Long Beach City College, later attending California State University, Los Angeles.
In his rookie season, Williams umpired third base for Tom Seaver's only no-hitter on June 16, 1978. Williams was the only umpire to eject Steve Garvey from a game, which occurred during the 1986 season and received media coverage for the incident. Williams was the home plate umpire for the longest game in World Series history, Game 4 of the 1993 World Series between the Philadelphia Phillies and Toronto Blue Jays, which lasted 4 hours and 14 minutes and ended with a 15-14 Toronto victory and a 3–1 Series lead for the Blue Jays. He was the first base umpire on June 3, 1995 when Pedro Martínez pitched 9 perfect innings before giving up a hit in the 10th. In 1999, he was shoved by Mets third base coach Cookie Rojas after Rojas had argued a foul ball that clearly, on replay, was a foul ball by inches. Rojas was suspended for 3 games.
He also worked the All-Star games in 1985 and 1995, the 1989 National League Championship Series between the San Francisco Giants and the Chicago Cubs, the 1997 NLCS between the Florida Marlins and the Atlanta Braves, and the 1999 National League Division Series. He ejected San Diego Padres first baseman Steve Garvey from a June, 1986 game between the Padres and the Atlanta Braves, the only ejection of Garvey's career, then ejected Padres manager Steve Boros the next day when Boros tried to present a videotape of the call Williams ejected Garvey over. He was also an umpire on September 28, 1988 when Orel Hershiser set the Major League record for consecutive scoreless innings pitched. He remained an umpire until his retirement in 2000 due to health problems, and died at age 61 in Chicago, Illinois after a long illness related to diabetes and kidney failure.Cienfuegos (Cuban League baseball club)
The Petroleros de Cienfuegos (Cienfuegos Oilers) first participated in the Cuban Professional League championship during the 1926-27 season. Although representing the south coast city of Cienfuegos, the team played their home games in Havana. Cienfuegos did not play in the 1927-28 season, contending again from 1928-29 through 1930-31. After eight long years of absence, Cienfuegos reappeared in the 1939-40 tournament. In the 1949-50 season, the team was renamed as the Elefantes de Cienfuegos (Cienfuegos Elephants). "The pace of the elephant is slow but crushing", exclaimed the slogan of the Cienfuegos franchise that contended until the 1960-61 season. Following the 1959 Cuban Revolution, political tensions rose with the Fidel Castro government. In March 1961, one month after the regular season ended, the new Cuban regime decreed the abolition of professional baseball in Cuba.
In 26 Championships in which Cienfuegos participated, the team won five league titles in 1929-30, 1945–46, 1955–56, 1959–60 and 1960–61, finishing second 6 times, third 7 times, and fourth 8 times, posting a 732-793 record for a .480 average. Cienfuegos also won the Caribbean Series in 1956 and 1960.
Some notable Cienfuegos players include George Altman, José Azcue, Gene Bearden, Cool Papa Bell, Bob Boyd, Leo Cárdenas, Sandalio Consuegra, Martín Dihigo, Tony González, Adolfo Luque, Sal Maglie, Seth Morehead, Ray Noble, Alejandro Oms, Camilo Pascual, Pedro Ramos, Cookie Rojas, Napoleón Reyes, and Willie Wells.Fred Rico
Alfredo Rico Cruz (born July 4, 1944 in Jerome, Arizona) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. He was signed by the Baltimore Orioles before the 1964 season, and later drafted by the Kansas City Royals from the Orioles in the 1968 rule V draft. (December 2, 1968)
He was called up by the expansion Royals from Triple-A Omaha when rosters expanded in September 1969. Rico got into 12 games during his one month with Kansas City, including seven in the starting lineup. He did an excellent job in the field, making no errors in 31 chances, including two innings as a third baseman.
Though he had a low batting average of .231 (6-for-26), he had a high on-base percentage of .577 because he also walked 9 times.While playing again for Omaha, Rico was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals organization for second baseman Cookie Rojas on June 13, 1970. Assigned to stay in the minors, he went to the Tulsa Oilers, also of the American Association. He had an excellent season for Tulsa in 1971, batting .296 with 19 HR and 101 RBI, and was acquired by the Minnesota Twins organization on September 14. He was listed on Minnesota's 1972 spring roster, but never again reached the major league level.List of Los Angeles Angels managers
There have been 21 managers in the history of the Los Angeles Angels Major League Baseball franchise. The Angels are based in Anaheim, California. They are members of the American League West division of the American League (AL) in Major League Baseball (MLB). The Angels franchise was formed in 1961 as a member of the American League. The team was formerly called the California Angels, the Anaheim Angels, and the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, before settling with the Los Angeles Angels.
Bill Rigney became the first manager of the then Los Angeles Angels in 1961, serving for just over eight seasons before being fired by Angels owner Gene Autry during the 1969 season. In terms of tenure, Mike Scioscia has managed more games and seasons than any other coach in franchise history. He managed the Angels to six playoff berths (2002, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, and 2009) led the team to a World Series championship in 2002, and won the Manager of the Year award in 2002 and 2009. With the Angels' 2009 Playoff appearance, Mike Scioscia became the first Major League Baseball manager "to guide his team to playoffs six times in [his] first 10 seasons." None of Scioscia's predecessors made it to the World Series. Dick Williams and Whitey Herzog, who served as an interim manager immediately before Williams, are the only Angels managers to have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
There have been 16 interim managers in Angels history. In 1969, manager Bill Rigney was fired and replaced by Lefty Phillips. In 1974, manager Whitey Herzog replaced Bobby Winkles. After four games with Herzog at the helm, Dick Williams took over the managerial job and was then replaced with Norm Sherry. A year later, Sherry was replaced by Dave Garcia. Garcia didn't last a full season either, as Jim Fregosi took over as manager in 1978. In 1981, Fregosi was replaced in the mid-season by Gene Mauch. In 1988, manager Cookie Rojas was replaced eight games before the end of the season. After a start of 61 wins and 63 losses in 1991, manager Doug Rader was fired and was replaced by Buck Rodgers. A season later, Rodgers was replaced by Marcel Lachemann, who took the position for four games. He was then succeeded by John Wathan. Rodgers returned as manager in 1993, but he was soon replaced by Lachemann. In 1996, Lachemann was replaced by John McNamara, who in turn was replaced by Joe Maddon. In 1999, Terry Collins resigned as manager in mid-season. Joe Maddon finished the season. Mauch, Rodgers, Lachemann, McNamara, and Maddon have had two stints as manager. The current manager of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim is Mike Scioscia, who has led the team since 2000.List of Miami Marlins managers
The Miami Marlins are a professional Major League Baseball based in Miami, Florida. The Marlins are members of the National League East division in MLB, joining in 1993 as an expansion team. In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager, or more formally, the field manager. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field. The Marlins have employed 12 different managers since their founding as the Florida Marlins in 1993.
The Marlins' first manager was Rene Lachemann, who led the team from its creation in 1993 through part of the 1996 season. He has the most losses in franchise history with 285, and has the lowest winning percentage, with .437. After Cookie Rojas managed for one game, John Boles served as manager for the final 75 games of the 1996 season. Jim Leyland took over the franchise for the next two seasons, and in the process led the Marlins to their first World Series championship in 1997. In 1999, Boles took over and started his second stint as manager of the Marlins, which lasted until partway through the 2001 season. Tony Pérez was interim manager for the rest of 2001; Pérez is the only Miami Marlins manager who is a member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, inducted as a player in 2000.Jeff Torborg took over as manager to start the 2002 season, and served for 1 1⁄2 seasons. Jack McKeon took over and guided the franchise to their second World Series championship in 2003. He served until the end of the 2005 season, and was replaced by Joe Girardi, who was manager for one full season, in 2006. Fredi González took over from Girardi and managed the team from 2007 until partway through 2010; he is the current franchise leader in games managed (555) . Edwin Rodríguez managed the Marlins from 2010 to 2011, and after Brandon Hyde managed for one game, McKeon returned for a second stint as manager. After McKeon retired, Ozzie Guillén took over as manager of the Marlins for the 2012 season, the team's first as the Miami Marlins. Ozzie Guillén was fired on October 23, 2012 after finishing in last place.Moose Stubing
Lawrence George "Moose" Stubing (March 31, 1938 – January 19, 2018) was an American professional baseball scout, minor league manager and Major League Baseball third-base coach. Stubing attended high school in White Plains, New York, before signing his first professional contract in 1956. A first baseman and outfielder, he threw and batted left-handed, stood 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m) tall and weighed 220 lb (100 kg).
His playing career consisted of just five pinch-hit at-bats with the California Angels in the 1967 season. He was a longtime fixture as a minor league player from 1956–1969 in the Pittsburgh Pirates, New York/San Francisco Giants, St. Louis Cardinals and Angel organizations before his brief callup in 1967, hitting .283 with 192 home runs in 1,410 games.
He then became a manager in the minor leagues in the Angels' farm system, winning the 1982 Pacific Coast League Manager of the Year Award. In 1984, his Edmonton Trappers became the first Canadian team to win the PCL championship.
Stubing later became a coach with the Angels, and when Cookie Rojas was fired in 1988, he took over as manager and finished out the season, losing the final eight games.After his coaching career, he scouted for the Angels through 2007. In 2008 he became a member of the professional scouting staff of the Washington Nationals.
Moose Stubing was also a referee in Division 1 college basketball, officiating games in the Pac-10 and other conferences.
Stubing died January 19, 2018.Philadelphia Phillies all-time roster (R)
The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. The team has played officially under two names since beginning play in 1883: the current moniker, as well as the "Quakers", which was used in conjunction with "Phillies" during the team's early history. The team was also known unofficially as the "Blue Jays" during the World War II era. Since the franchise's inception, 2,006 players have made an appearance in a competitive game for the team, whether as an offensive player (batting and baserunning) or a defensive player (fielding, pitching, or both).
Of those 2,006 Phillies, 97 have had surnames beginning with the letter R. Two of those players have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame: pitcher Eppa Rixey, who was a Phillie for six seasons in two different stints (1912–1917, 1919); and Robin Roberts, who won 20 games during the 1950 season as the ace pitcher of the Whiz Kids. The Hall of Fame lists the Phillies as Roberts' primary team; during his career, the right-hander won 234 games and lost 199, the latter one of his three franchise records. During his 14 seasons with the team, he pitched 3,739 1⁄3 innings and completed 272 games, both records; he also held the major league record for most career home runs allowed until it was broken in 2010. Roberts was also elected to the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame as the Phillies' first inductee in 1978.Among the 49 batters in this list, second baseman Lou Raymond has the highest batting average, at .500; he notched one hit in two career at-bats. No other player on this list has batted above .300; the next-highest average belongs to Pete Rose, Major League Baseball's all-time hits leader, who batted .291 in his five seasons with Philadelphia. Jimmy Rollins leads all members of this list in home runs and runs batted in, with 154 and 662, respectively.Of this list's 48 pitchers, Chuck Ricci has the best win–loss record, in terms of winning percentage; he won one game and lost none in his seven appearances with the Phillies. Roberts' 234 victories and 199 defeats are the highest totals in this list, and he also leads in strikeouts, with 1,871. Ricci's 1.80 earned run average (ERA) is the lowest among this list's pitchers; one position player, second baseman Cookie Rojas, has a 0.00 ERA in his only pitching appearance.Victor Rojas
Victor M. Rojas (born February 3, 1968) is an American baseball broadcaster, currently the TV voice of the Los Angeles Angels.West Palm Beach Indians
The West Palm Beach Indians were a minor league baseball team based in West Palm Beach, Florida. The team played its home games at Connie Mack Field.