Consolidated P2Y

The Consolidated P2Y was an American flying boat maritime patrol aircraft. The plane was a parasol monoplane with a fabric-covered wing and aluminum hull.

P2Y
Consolidated Model 22
Consolidated Model 22 (P2Y)
Role Flying boat
Manufacturer Consolidated Aircraft
First flight 10 January 1929
Retired 1941
Status Retired
Primary user United States Navy
Number built 78[1][2]
Martin XP2M-1
The Martin XP2M-1
Martin P3M-2 at NAS Pensacola 1930s.jpeg
A Martin-built P3M-2 at NAS Pensacola

Development

Initially created to compete for a U.S. Navy contract dated February 28, 1928, the prototype Model 9, XPY-1, was designed by Captain Dick Richardson and Isaac M. 'Mac' Laddon. Beginning construction in March 1928, the aircraft was ready for its first flight by the end of the year. Lieutenant A. W. Gorton made the first flight out of Anacostia NAS, Washington, D.C..[3]

The production contract was opened to other bidders, and the Glenn L. Martin Company undercut them and was awarded the contract to construct the plane as the Martin P3M-1 and P3M-2.[3] Three P3M-1s and six P3M-2s were built;[4] one XP2M-1 was also built to a similar design, powered by three Wright Cyclone engines; following the removal of the third engine it was redesignated XP2M-2.[5] The idea of a third engine on the XPY-1 had been studied and rejected by Navy Bureau of Aeronautics staff.[6]

A new contract was placed by the U.S. Navy on May 26, 1931, for a prototype of a developed version of the Model 9, XPY-1, designated the Model 22 Ranger by Consolidated. Incorporating features of the Model 16 Commodore, such as the enclosed flight deck,[2] designated the XP2Y-1 by the Navy, this new prototype had the same 100 ft parasol wing, but became a sesquiplane with a smaller wing mounted lower, at the top of the hull, replacing the booms that had supported the stabilizing pontoons on the XPY-1. Two Wright R-1820-E1 Cyclone engines were located close below the top wing and had narrow-chord cowlings. A third similar engine was mounted on a strut along the centerline above the wing, but was removed after the first test in April 1932.[1]

The Navy ordered 23 P2Y-3s as production models similar to the P2Y-2s that were modified from the original batch of P2Y-1s.

Operational history

The Navy ordered 23 P2Y-1s on 7 July 1931. They were serving by mid-1933 with VP-10F and VP-5F squadrons which made a number of classic long-range formation flights.[2]"At least 21 P2Y-1s were modified to P2Y-2s in 1936 and flown by VP-5F and VP-10F until 1938, when they were transferred to VP-14 and VP-15.

The first P2Y-3s reached VP-7F in 1935, and this version was flown by VP-4F at Pearl Harbor and in 1939 was in operation with VP-19, VP-20, and VP-21. By the end of 1941, all the P2Y-2s and P2Y-3s had been withdrawn from operational use and were at Naval Air Station Pensacola.[1]

The Colombian Air Force used one Commodore P2Y as a bomber in the Colombia-Peru War in 1932–1933.

The Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service evaluated the Consolidated P2Y as the "Consolidated Navy Experimental Type C Flying-Boat".

Variants

P2Y-3 NAS Jax 1941
A P2Y-3 of VP-43 at NAS Jacksonville in 1941
XP2Y-1
One prototype[1]
P2Y-1
Navy version of the Commodore. 23 were ordered on July 7, 1931, and were delivered to Patrol Squadron 10 (VP-10) at Norfolk, Virginia on February 1, 1933.[3]
P2Y-1C
One aircraft delivered to Colombia in December 1932.[1]
P2Y-1J
One aircraft delivered to Japan in January 1935.[1]
XP2Y-2
One prototype[1]
P2Y-2
Was a -1 with more powerful R-1820-88 engines faired into the leading edges of the wing. Other -1s were converted in 1936[3]
P2Y-3
Was the production version of the -2. A total of 23 were ordered on 27 December 1933, and entered service with VP-7 in early 1935.[3]
HXC
Shortened designation for the Consolidated P2Y evaluated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air service.
Consolidated Navy Experimental Type C Flying Boat.
The full designation of the Consolidated P2Y evaluated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service.

Operators

 Argentina
 Colombia
 Japan
 United States

Specifications (P2Y-3)

Data from The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft;[2] range from American Aircraft of World War II[8]

General characteristics

  • Crew: five
  • Length: 61 ft 9 in (18.82 m)
  • Wingspan: 100 ft in (30.48 m)
  • Height: 19 ft 1 in (5.82 m)
  • Wing area: 1514 ft2 (140.65 m2)
  • Empty weight: 12769 lb (5792 kg)
  • Gross weight: 25266 lb (11460 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Wright R-1820-90 Cyclone radial piston, 750 hp (559 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 149 mph (240 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 118 mph (189 km/h)
  • Range: 1180 miles (1899 km)
  • Service ceiling: 16100 ft (4265 m)
  • Rate of climb: 650 ft/min (3.3 m/s) 

Armament

  • 1 × flexible bow-mounted .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns
  • 2 × flexible dorsal-mounted .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns
  • 2,000 lb (910 kg) bombload

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Swanborough and Bowers 1976
  2. ^ a b c d Eden and Moeng 2002, p. 481.
  3. ^ a b c d e Donald 1997, p. 268.
  4. ^ Rickard, J (2008-08-08). "Martin P3M flying boat". HistoryOfWar.org. Retrieved 2011-11-27.
  5. ^ Johnson 2011, p. 154.
  6. ^ O'Neill "A Dream of Eagles" page 108, 290
  7. ^ "Histarmar - Consolidated P2Y-3A" (in Spanish) (retrieved 2015-01-31)
  8. ^ Hanson, David (February 2009). "Consolidated P2Y". American Aircraft of World War II. Retrieved 2011-11-27.
  9. ^ Johnson, E.R. (2009). American Flying Boats and Amphibious Aircraft: An Illustrated History (illustrated ed.). McFarland. pp. 186–187. ISBN 0786439742.

Bibliography

  • Donald, David. The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  • Eden, Paul and Soph Moeng. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. London: Amber Books Ltd., 2002. ISBN 0-7607-3432-1.
  • Johnson, E.R. (2011). United States Naval Aviation, 1919-1941: Aircraft, Airships and Ships Between the Wars. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786445509.
  • O'Neill, Ralph A. "A Dream of Eagles" Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company 1972.
  • Swanborough, F. Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909. New York: Putnam, 1964. ISBN 0-85177-816-X.
  • Swanborough, F. Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1976. ISBN 0-87021-968-5.

Further reading

  • Ginter, Steve (2013). Consolidated P2Y Ranger. Naval Fighters. Nº96 (First ed.). California, United States: Ginter Books. ISBN 978-0-9892583-1-9. Retrieved 31 January 2015.

External links

Blackburn Sydney

The Blackburn R.B.2 Sydney (serial N241) was a long-range maritime patrol flying boat developed for the Royal Air Force in 1930, in response to Air Ministry Specification R.5/27. It was a parasol-winged braced monoplane of typical flying boat arrangement with triple tailfins and its three engines arranged on the wing's leading edge. After evaluation, it was not ordered into production and no further examples were built.

With development of the Sydney abandoned, construction of a cargo-carrying variant powered by radial engines, the C.B.2 Nile was also ended.

Consolidated Aircraft

The Consolidated Aircraft Corporation was founded in 1923 by Reuben H. Fleet in Buffalo, New York, the result of the Gallaudet Aircraft Company's liquidation and Fleet's purchase of designs from the Dayton-Wright Company as the subsidiary was being closed by its parent corporation, General Motors. Consolidated became famous, during the 1920s and 1930s, for its line of flying boats. The most successful of the Consolidated patrol boats was the PBY Catalina, which was produced throughout World War II and used extensively by the Allies. Equally famous was the B-24 Liberator, a heavy bomber which, like the Catalina, saw action in both the Pacific and European theaters.

In 1943, Consolidated merged with Vultee Aircraft to form Consolidated-Vultee Aircraft, later known as Convair.

Consolidated Commodore

The Consolidated Commodore was an American flying boat built by Consolidated Aircraft and used for passenger travel in the 1930s, mostly in the Caribbean, operated by companies like Pan American Airways.

Consolidated PBY Catalina

The Consolidated PBY Catalina, also known as the Canso in Canadian service, is an American flying boat, and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft. It was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II. Catalinas served with every branch of the United States Armed Forces and in the air forces and navies of many other nations.

During World War II, PBYs were used in anti-submarine warfare, patrol bombing, convoy escort, search and rescue missions (especially air-sea rescue), and cargo transport. The PBY was the most numerous aircraft of its kind, and the last military PBYs served until the 1980s. As of 2014, nearly 80 years after its first flight, the aircraft continues to fly as a waterbomber (or airtanker) in aerial firefighting operations in some parts of the world.

Douglas XP3D

The Douglas XP3D was a prototype American patrol flying boat of the 1930s. A twin-engined high-winged monoplane, the P3D was produced by the Douglas Aircraft Company to equip the US Navy's Patrol squadrons, but despite meeting the Navy's requirements, the rival Consolidated PBY was preferred owing to a lower price.

Hall PH

The Hall PH was an American flying boat of the 1930s. It was a twin-engined biplane, developed from the Naval Aircraft Factory PN and could hence trace its lineage back to the Felixstowe flying boats of World War I. The PH was purchased in small numbers by the United States Navy and the United States Coast Guard. It remained in service with the Coast Guard until 1944, being used for anti-submarine and search and rescue duties.

Hall XP2H

The Hall XP2H-1 was an American prototype four-engined biplane flying boat of the 1930s. Intended as an experimental very-long-range maritime patrol aircraft, a single example was built. The XP2H-1 was the largest four engine biplane aircraft ever procured by the US Navy.

James H. Flatley

Vice Admiral James Henry "Jimmy" Flatley Jr. (June 17, 1906 - July 9, 1958) was a World War II naval aviator and tactician for the United States Navy.

Latécoère 300

The Latécoère 300 series of aircraft were a group of civil and military flying boats. They were manufactured by French aircraft manufacturer Latécoère in the 1930s. A single Latécoère 300 was built; it was flown for the first time in 1931 and sank the same year. It was rebuilt and flown again in 1932, being named Croix du Sud ("Southern Cross").

List of Interwar military aircraft

Interwar military aircraft are military aircraft that were developed and used between World War I and World War II, also known as the Golden Age of Aviation.

For the purposes of this list this is defined as aircraft that entered service into any country's military after the armistice on 11 November 1918 and before the Invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.

Aircraft are listed alphabetically by their country of origin. Civilian aircraft modified for military use are included but those that remained primarily civilian aircraft are not.

List of United States bomber aircraft

This is a list of United States bomber aircraft

List of aircraft of Argentine Naval Aviation

This is a list of all aircraft (fixed-wing and rotary-wing) obtained or operated by the Argentine Naval Aviation since its formation. For the current inventory please refer to the main article.

List of foreign aircraft tested by Japan between 1930 and 1945

This is a list of foreign aircraft tested and evaluated by Japanese forces, between 1930 and 1945. It includes received or acquired types and aircraft captured during war.

List of maritime patrol aircraft

The following is a list of maritime patrol aircraft, which are sometimes referred to as Maritime reconnaissance, coastal reconnaissance or patrol bombers depending on the service and the time period, and are characterized by their use in controlling sea lanes.

Naval Aircraft Factory PN

The Naval Aircraft Factory PN was a series of open cockpit American flying boats of the 1920s and 1930s. A development of the Felixstowe F5L flying boat of the First World War, variants of the PN were built for the United States Navy by Douglas, Keystone Aircraft and Martin.

P2Y

P2Y may refer to:

Consolidated P2Y, a flying boat maritime patrol aircraft

P2Y receptor, a family of G protein-coupled receptors

Saro A.33

The Saro A.33 was a British prototype flying boat built by Saunders-Roe Limited in response to a British Air Ministry Specification R.2/33 and in competition with the Short Sunderland.

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