Conakry

Conakry (/ˈkɒnəkri/; Sosso: Kɔnakiri) is the capital and largest city of Guinea. A port city, it serves as the economic, financial and cultural centre of Guinea. Its population as of the 2014 Guinea census was 1,660,973[2]

The current population of Conakry is difficult to ascertain, although the U.S. Bureau of African Affairs has estimated it at 2 million, accounting for one sixth of the entire population of the country.[3]

Conakry

Kɔnakiri
Aerial view of Conakry, Guinea
Aerial view of Conakry, Guinea
Conakry is located in Conakry
Conakry
Conakry
Map of Guinea showing the location of Conakry.
Conakry is located in Guinea
Conakry
Conakry
Conakry (Guinea)
Conakry is located in Africa
Conakry
Conakry
Conakry (Africa)
Coordinates: 9°31′N 13°42′W / 9.517°N 13.700°W
Country Guinea
RegionConakry Region
Area
 • Total450 km2 (170 sq mi)
Population
 (2014 census)
 • Total1,660,973
 • Density3,700/km2 (9,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC±0 (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)not observed
HDI (2017)0.673[1]
medium

Geography

Los Islands, Guinea
Conakry Peninsula and Îles de Los.

Originally situated on Tombo Island, one of the Îles de Los, it has since spread up the neighboring Kaloum Peninsula.

History

Konakry-Vue générale
The city in 1912.

Conakry was originally settled on the small Tombo Island and later spread to the neighboring Kaloum Peninsula, a 36-kilometer (22 mi) long stretch of land 0.2 to 6 kilometers (660 to 19,690 ft) wide. The city was essentially founded after Britain ceded the island to France in 1887.[4] In 1885 the two island villages of Conakry and Boubinet had fewer than 500 inhabitants. Conakry became the capital of French Guinea in 1904 and prospered as an export port, particularly after a railway (now closed) to Kankan opened up the interior of the country for the large-scale export of groundnut.

In the decades after independence, the population of Conakry boomed, from 50,000 inhabitants in 1958 to 600,000 in 1980, to over two million today.[5] Its small land area and relative isolation from the mainland, while an advantage to its colonial founders, has created an infrastructural burden since independence.[6]

Conakry - französischer Gouverneurspalast - 1956
Conakry – French Governor's Palace in 1956

In 1970 conflict between Portuguese forces and the PAIGC in neighbouring Portuguese Guinea (now Guinea-Bissau) spilled into the Republic of Guinea when a group of 350 Portuguese troops and Guinean loyalists landed near Conakry, attacked the city and freed 26 Portuguese prisoners of war held by the PAIGC before retreating, having failed to overthrow the government or kill the PAIGC leadership.[7]

Camp Boiro, a feared concentration camp during the rule of Sekou Toure, was located in Conakry.[8]

According to human rights groups, 157 people died during the 2009 Guinea protest when the military junta opened fire against tens of thousands of protesters in the city on 28 September 2009.[9]

Government and administration

Location map Conakry
Central Conakry is on Tombo Island, with the growing city spreading up the Kaloum Peninsula.

Conakry is a special city with a single region and prefecture government. The local government of the city was decentralized in 1991 between five municipal communes headed by a mayor.[10] From the tip in the southwest, these are:

Pont 8 novembre Conakry
Roundabout, near the November 8 Conakry Bridge.

The five urban communes make up the Conakry Region, one of the eight Regions of Guinea, which is headed by a governor. At the second-tier prefecture level, the city is designated as the Conakry Special Zone, though the prefecture and regional government are one and the same. At an estimated two million inhabitants, it is far and away the largest city in Guinea, making up almost a quarter of the nation's population and making it more than four times bigger than its nearest rival, Kankan.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1983 710,372—    
1996 1,092,631+53.8%
2014 1,660,973+52.0%
source:[11]

Economy

Conakry-ville2
A street scene in Conakry.

Conakry is Guinea's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic centre. The city's economy revolves largely around the port, which has modern facilities for handling and storing cargo, through which alumina and bananas are shipped. Manufactures include food products and cement, metal manufactures, and fuel products.[12]

Markets

Infrastructure crisis

Periodic power and water cuts have been a daily burden for Conakry's residents since early 2002. Government and power company officials blame the drought of February 2001 for a failure of the hydro-electric supply to the capital, and a failure of aging machinery for the continuation of the crisis. Critics of the government cite mis-management, corruption and the withdrawal of the power agency's French partner at the beginning of 2002. As of 2007, much of the city has no traffic lighting in the overnight hours.[14]

Popular anger at shortages in Conakry was entwined with anti-government protests, strikes, and violence against the rule of President Lansana Conté and the successive prime ministers Cellou Dalein Diallo and Eugène Camara appointed to fill the post after the resignation of Prime Minister François Lonseny Fall in April 2004. Violence reached a peak in January–February 2007 in a general strike, which saw over one hundred deaths when the Army confronted protesters.[15]

Transportation

Conakry is serviced by Conakry International Airport which has flights to several cities in West Africa and Europe.

Climate

According to Köppen climate classification, Conakry features a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification: Am). Conakry features a wet season and a dry season. Like a good portion of West Africa, Conakry's dry season is influenced by the harmattan wind between December and April. As a result, relatively little precipitation falls in the city during these months.

Unlike much of West Africa, Conakry's wet season sees an extraordinary amount of precipitation, averaging more than 1,100 mm both in July and August. As a result, Conakry averages nearly 3,800 mm (149 in.) of precipitation per year.

Architecture

Hospitals

Culture

Parks and gardens

Places of worship

Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. There are also Christian churches and temples : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Conakry (Catholic Church), Église Protestante Évangélique de Guinée (Christian and Missionary Alliance), Assemblies of God.[27] [28]

Universities and education

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  2. ^ "GeoHive – Guinea population statistics". geohive.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Background Note: Guinea". Bureau of African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, January 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2007; World Gazetteer Archived 17 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 16 June 2008
  4. ^ Roman Adrian Cybriwsky, Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2013, p. 89
  5. ^ Patrick Manning. Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa, 1880–1995, Cambridge (1998)
  6. ^ For the urban infrastructure and its history, see M. Dian DIALLO. Street Addressing And Basic Services in Conakry, Guinea. Presented at the Urban Forum/ World Bank – Washington, D.C. – 2–4 April 2002.
  7. ^ "Cloudy Days in Conakry". Time. 7 December 1970.
  8. ^ Gomez, Alsény René (2010). La Guinée peut-elle être changée?. Editions L'Harmattan. ISBN 978-2-296-11963-5.
  9. ^ "Guinea massacre toll put at 157". BBC News. 29 September 2009.
  10. ^ "Guineeconakry.info – Conakry (la capitale)". Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  11. ^ Conakry population statistics
  12. ^ www.semantico.com. "Europa World Online : Log In". www.europaworld.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  13. ^ a b Hudgens, Jim; Trillo, Richard (30 December 2003). The rough guide to West Africa. Rough Guides. p. 558. ISBN 978-1-84353-118-0. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  14. ^ Conakry's dark streets turning orange. James Copnall, BBC News, Guinea . 23 November 2006.
  15. ^ For the relations between the 2007 crisis and infrastructure in Conakry, see:
  16. ^ "Conakry Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  17. ^ Schwarz-Bart, Simone; Schwarz-Bart, André (2003). In Praise of Black Women: Modern African women. Univ of Wisconsin Press. p. 121. ISBN 978-0-299-17270-1. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  18. ^ Davidson, Basil (1989). The fortunate isles: a study in African transformation. Africa World Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-86543-122-5. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  19. ^ GUINEA Dying for Change Brutality and Repression by Guinean Security Forces in Response to a Nationwide Strike. Human Rights Watch. p. 17. GGKEY:1UZAQCJ7E3A. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  20. ^ Rev Fr Gynecol Obstet, Diallo MS, Diallo TS, Diallo FB, Diallo Y, Camara AY, Onivogui G, Keita N, Diawo SA. (1995) Mar;90(3):138-41., Anemia and pregnancy. Epidemiologic, clinical and prognostic study at the university clinic of the Ignace Deen Hospital, Conakry (Guinee), Clinique universitaire de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital Ignace Deen, Conakry Guinée.
  21. ^ Young, Isabelle; Gherardin, Tony (15 July 2008). Africa. Lonely Planet. p. 411. ISBN 978-1-74059-143-0. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  22. ^ a b Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: Africa. Gale Research. 1995. p. 189. ISBN 978-0-8103-9880-1. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  23. ^ Bâ, Ardo Ousmane (1986). Camp Boiro. L'Harmattan. ISBN 978-2-85802-649-4. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  24. ^ Bartke, Wolfgang (1975). China's economic aid. Holmes & Meier Publishers. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-8419-0179-7. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  25. ^ Europa Publications (9 December 2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 520. ISBN 978-1-85743-183-4. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  26. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica; inc (1993). The New Encyclopædia Britannica: Micropædia. Encyclopædia Britannica. p. 512. ISBN 978-0-85229-571-7. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  27. ^ J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 1279
  28. ^ Devey, Muriel (2009). La Guinée. KARTHALA Editions. p. 230. ISBN 978-2-8111-0037-7. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  29. ^ O'Toole, Thomas; Baker, Janice E. (2005). Historical dictionary of Guinea. Scarecrow Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-8108-4634-0. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  30. ^ K G Saur Books (31 December 2006). International directory of arts. K.G. Saur. ISBN 978-3-598-23113-1. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  31. ^ Böhme, Rolf (December 1991). Inventory of World Topographic Mapping: South America, Central America, and Africa. Published on behalf of the International Cartographic Association by Elsevier Applied Science Publishers. p. 344. ISBN 978-1-85166-661-4. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  32. ^ "Etudes en Guinee" (PDF) (in French). Projet EtudiantGuinée. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.

References

See also: Bibliography of the history of Conakry

External links

Conakry travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 09°30′33″N 13°42′44″W / 9.50917°N 13.71222°W

2009 Guinea protest

The 2009 Guinea protest was an opposition rally in Conakry, Guinea on Monday, 28 September 2009, with about 50,000 participants protesting against the junta government that came to power after the Guinean coup d'état of December 2008. The protest march was fueled by the indication of junta leader Captain Moussa Dadis Camara breaking his pledge to not run in the next presidential vote due in January 2010. The government had already banned any form of protests until 2 October, and when the demonstrators gathered in a large stadium, the security forces opened fire at them. At least 157 demonstrators were killed, 1,253 injured and 30, including Cellou Dalein Diallo, the leader of the opposition Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UDFG), were arrested and taken away in lorries.On the same day in 2018 six human rights organizations demanded justice to be done for perpetrators. The organizations were the Association of Victims, Parents and Friends of the September 28 Massacre (AVIPA), the Guinean Human Rights Organization (OGDH), the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), Amnesty International, and Human Rights Watch.Sidya Touré, former Prime Minister and now an opposition leader, was also injured in the shootings and spoke to the BBC secretly from a hospital's restroom. Opponents have accused the junta of limiting freedom of speech and violating human rights. Camara said that the troops responsible for the shooting spree were out of his control.

AS Kaloum Star

Association Sportive Kaloum Also known as A.S.K is a football club based in Conakry, Guinea. In the 60's A.S.K was known as Conakry I, and won 3 titles under that name.

Due to the problems in sponsoring in 2008, the club was relegated to Ligue 2.

Amadou Diawara

Amadou Diawara (born 17 July 1997) is a Guinean professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Italian club A.S. Roma and the Guinea national team.

Conakry International Airport

Conakry International Airport (IATA: CKY, ICAO: GUCY), also known as Gbessia International Airport, is an airport serving Conakry, capital of the Republic of Guinea in West Africa. It parallels the south shore of the Kaloum Peninsula approximately five kilometers from its tip. Autoroute Fidel Castro connects the airport to Conakry proper.

The airport is divided into domestic and international terminals. A number of West African, North African and European airlines serve Conakry.

The Conakry VOR/DME (Ident: GIA) and Conakry non-directional beacon (Ident: CY) are located on the field.

Football in Guinea

Football is the most popular sport in the country of Guinea. It is run by the Guinean Football Federation. The association administers the national football team, as well as the national league. It was founded in 1960 and affiliated with FIFA since 1962 and with the Confederation of African Football since 1963.The Guinea national football team, nicknamed Syli nationale (National Elephants), have played international football since 1962. Their first opponent was East Germany. They have yet to reach a World Cup final, but they were runners-up to Morocco in the Africa Cup of Nations in 1976.Guinée Championnat National is the top division of Guinean football. Since it was established in 1965, three teams have dominated in winning the Guinée Coupe Nationale. Horoya AC leads with 16 titles and is the current (2017-2018) champion. Hafia FC (known as Conakry II in 1960s) is second with 15 titles having dominated in 1960s and 70s, but the last coming in 1985. Third with 13 is AS Kaloum Star, known as Conakry I in the 1960s. All three teams are based in the capital, Conakry. No other team has more than five titles.

The 1970s were a golden decade for Guinean football. Hafia FC won the African Cup of Champions Clubs three times, in 1972, 1975 and 1977, while Horoya AC won the 1978 African Cup Winners' Cup.

Guinea

Guinea ( (listen)), officially the Republic of Guinea (French: République de Guinée), is a west-coastal country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea (French: Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other countries with "Guinea" in the name and the eponymous region, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea has a population of 12.4 million and an area of 245,860 square kilometres (94,927 sq mi).The sovereign state of Guinea is a republic with a president who is directly elected by the people; this position is both head of state and head of government. The unicameral Guinean National Assembly is the legislative body of the country, and its members are also directly elected by the people. The judicial branch is led by the Guinea Supreme Court, the highest and final court of appeal in the country.The country is named after the Guinea region. Guinea is a traditional name for the region of Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea. It stretches north through the forested tropical regions and ends at the Sahel. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River, in contrast to the "tawny" Zenaga Berbers above it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors.

Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, and the media, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken.

Guinea's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and mineral production. It is the world's second largest producer of bauxite, and has rich deposits of diamonds and gold. The country was at the core of the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Human rights in Guinea remain a controversial issue. In 2011 the United States government claimed that torture by security forces, and abuse of women and children (e.g. female genital mutilation) were ongoing abuses of human rights.

Guinée Championnat National

Guinée Championnat National or Ligue 1 Pro, is the top division of the Guinean Football Federation, it was created in 1965.

Hafia FC

Hafia Football Club is a football club based in Conakry, Guinea. Founded in 1951, the team was known as Conakry II in the 1960s and won three titles under that name. Hafia have won 15 league titles overall having dominated in 1960s and 70s, but their last league title coming in 1985. The 1970s were a golden decade for Hafia FC when they dominated African football having won the African Cup of Champions Clubs three times, in 1972, 1975 and 1977. It promoted some great talents as Papa Camara, Bengally Sylla, Abdoulaye Keita, Chérif Souleymane, Petit Sory, Mamadou Aliou Kéïta, Mory Kone.

Horoya AC

Horoya Athletic Club, also known as Horoya Conakry or H.A.C., is a Guinean football club based in Conakry, Guinea. The club plays in the Ligue 1 Pro, the top tier in the Guinean football league system. It was founded in 1975.

Kankan

Kankan (Mandingo: Kánkàn) is the largest city in Guinea in land area, and the third largest in population, with a population of 193,830 people as of 2014. The city is located in eastern Guinea about 345 miles east of the state capital Conakry.

The city is the capital and largest town of the Kankan Prefecture and of the Kankan Region. The population is largely from the Mande ethnic group.

Languages of Guinea

The Republic of Guinea is a multilingual country, with over 40 languages spoken. The official language is French, which was inherited from colonial rule.

Several indigenous languages have been given the status of national languages: Fula (or Pular); Malinké (or Maninka); Susu; Kissi; Kpelle (known in French as Guerzé) and Toma.

List of diplomatic missions in Guinea

This is a list of diplomatic missions in Guinea. The capital Conakry currently hosts 36 embassies. Several other countries have honorary consuls to provide emergency services to their citizens.

Naby Keïta

Naby Laye Keïta (born 10 February 1995) is a Guinean professional footballer who plays as a central midfielder for Premier League club Liverpool and captains the Guinea national team.Keïta began his professional career with Ligue 2 club FC Istres in 2013, and a year later he moved to Red Bull Salzburg, where he won the Austrian Football Bundesliga and Austrian Cup double in both of his seasons. He then moved to RB Leipzig in 2016, making the Bundesliga team of the season in his first year and the UEFA Europa League squad of the season in his second. He agreed to join Liverpool in 2017, and completed the move a year later, winning the UEFA Champions League in his first season at the club.

Keïta made his senior international debut for Guinea in 2013. He has earned over 30 caps and was part of their squad at the Africa Cup of Nations in 2015 and 2019.

Prefectures of Guinea

Guinea is divided into 8 regions among which the national capital Conakry ranks as a special zone (and is further divided into 5 communes). The other 7 regions are further subdivided into 33 prefectures and thence into sub-prefectures.

Stade du 28 Septembre

Stade du 28 Septembre is a multi-purpose stadium in Conakry, Guinea. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium has a capacity of 25,000 people.

In an attempt to host the 2023 African Cup of Nations (ANC), or Coupe d'Afrique des Nations (CAN) in French, proposals have been made to upgrade or reconstruct the 28 September Stadium to an all seater capacity of 45,000–50,000 people. Currently, a new all seater national stadium, with a capacity of 50,000–55,000, is being constructed in Nongo near Conakry, the capital of the Republic of Guinea.

Sub-prefectures of Guinea

The sub-prefectures (known in French as sous-prefectures) are the third-level administrative divisions in Guinea. As of 2009 there were 303 rural sub-prefectures of Guinea and 38 urban sub-prefectures, 5 of which compose the Conakry greater urban area; Kaloum, Dixinn, Matam, Ratoma and Matoto.

Timeline of Conakry

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Conakry, Guinea.

Transport in Guinea

Transport in Guinea is composed by a variety of systems that people in the country use to get around as well as to and from domestic and international destinations.

The railway from Conakry to Kankan ceased operating in the mid-1980s.Domestic air services are intermittent. Most vehicles in Guinea are 20+ years old, and cabs are any four-door vehicle which the owner has designated as being for hire.

Locals, nearly entirely without vehicles of their own, rely upon these taxis (which charge per seat) and small buses to take them around town and across the country. There is some river traffic on the Niger and Milo rivers. Horses and donkeys pull carts, primarily to transport construction materials.

Iron mining at Simandou (South) in the southeast beginning in 2007 and at Kalia in the east is likely to result in the construction of a new heavy-duty standard gauge railway and deepwater port. Iron mining at Simandou (North) will load to a new port near Buchanan, Liberia, in exchange for which rehabilitation of the Conakry to Kankan line will occur.Conakry International Airport is the largest airport in the country, with flights to other cities in Africa as well as to Europe.

Climate data for Conakry (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.2
(90.0)
33.1
(91.6)
33.4
(92.1)
33.6
(92.5)
33.2
(91.8)
31.8
(89.2)
30.2
(86.4)
29.9
(85.8)
30.6
(87.1)
30.9
(87.6)
32.0
(89.6)
32.2
(90.0)
31.9
(89.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
(79.0)
26.5
(79.7)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
26.5
(79.7)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
27.0
(80.6)
26.6
(79.9)
26.4
(79.5)
Average low °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
20.2
(68.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.0
(71.6)
20.7
(69.3)
20.2
(68.4)
20.4
(68.7)
20.8
(69.4)
20.7
(69.3)
20.4
(68.7)
21.0
(69.8)
20.1
(68.2)
20.6
(69.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
3
(0.1)
22
(0.9)
137
(5.4)
396
(15.6)
1,130
(44.5)
1,104
(43.5)
617
(24.3)
295
(11.6)
70
(2.8)
8
(0.3)
3,784
(149.0)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0 0 0 2 9 18 27 27 22 17 6 1 129
Average relative humidity (%) 71 70 68 70 74 81 85 87 85 81 79 73 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 223 224 251 222 208 153 109 87 135 189 207 214 2,222
Source: NOAA[16]
Boké Region
Conakry Region
Faranah Region
Kankan Region
Kindia Region
Labé Region
Mamou Region
Nzérékoré Region
Capitals of African states

Languages

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