Comondú complex

The Comondú Complex is an archaeological pattern dating from the late prehistoric period in northern Baja California Sur and southern Baja California. It is associated with the historic Cochimí people of the peninsula.

The complex was defined on the basis of investigations at rock shelters near the town of San Jose de Comondú by archaeologist William C. Massey, beginning in the late 1940s. It has been recognized at sites extending from the Sierra de la Giganta (west of Loreto) in the south to Bahía de los Ángeles in the north.

A key characteristic of the Comondú Complex is the presence of small Comondú Triangular and Comondú Serrated projectile points. These points reflect the introduction of the bow and arrow into the peninsula, perhaps around 500-1000 CE, largely supplanting the earlier atlatl and dart. Other traits include grinding basins and slicks, manos, tubular stone pipes, coiled basketry, and square-knot netting. The region's Great Mural rock art may also be associated with the Comondú Complex.


  • Laylander, Don, and Jerry D. Moore. 2006. The Prehistory of Baja California: Advances in the Archaeology of the Forgotten Peninsula. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
  • Massey, William C. 1966. "Archaeology and Ethnohistory of Lower California". In Archaeological Frontiers and External Connections, edited by Gordon F. Ekholm and Gordon R. Willey, pp. 38–58. Handbook of Middle American Indians, Vol. 4. University of Texas Press, Austin.
  • Tuohy, Donald R. 1978. Culture History in the Comondu Region, Baja California. Unpublished Master's thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Comondú may refer to:

Comondú Municipality, a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur

Misión San José de Comondú, a Jesuit mission established early in the 18th century in Baja California Sur, Mexico

The Comondú complex, an archaeological pattern in Baja California, Mexico

Comondú-La Purísima, a volcano in Mexico

Humedal Los Comondú, a Ramsar wetland in Mexico

Comondú formation, a geological formation in the San Borja volcanic field

Great Mural Rock Art

Great Mural Rock Art consists of prehistoric paintings of humans and other animals, often larger than life-size, on the walls and ceilings of natural rock shelters in the mountains of northern Baja California Sur and southern Baja California, Mexico. This group of monuments comprises the site Rock Paintings of Sierra de San Francisco, which is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.


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