Comondú is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It had a population of 70,816 inhabitants in 2010 census (INEGI). With a land area of 16,858.3 km² (6,509.03 sq mi), it is the seventh-largest municipality in area in Mexico. The municipal seat is located in Ciudad Constitución.
The Spanish missions of San José de Comondú and San Luis Gonzaga are located in this municipality. Rocas Alijos, a group of tiny rocks that are 300 km west off the coast, are part of the municipality.
Coat of arms
Location of Comondú in Baja California Sur.
|State||Baja California Sur|
|Municipal seat||Ciudad Constitución|
|Largest city||Ciudad Constitución|
|• Total||18,354.82 km2 (7,086.84 sq mi)|
|• Density||4.0/km2 (10/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Pacific (US Mountain))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (Pacific)|
The Municipality of Comondú was one of the first three municipalities created in the then Federal South Territory of Baja California as part of a presidential decree of 1971, after a constitutional amendment allowing the creation and election of local councils in the territory, hitherto divided into political delegations. Dated January 1, 1972 Comondú was formally the first City Council. The township government rests with the council; it consists of the Mayor, a trustee and a council composed of fourteen aldermen; the city council is elected for a period of three years by popular vote (direct and secret), starting every April 30 of the election year.
|Included territory of Loreto Municipality until 1992. |
As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 70,816.
The municipality had 1,516 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were: Ciudad Constitución (40,935), Ciudad Insurgentes (8,741), Puerto San Carlos (5,538), classified as urban, and Puerto Adolfo López Mateos (2,212), Villa Ignacio Zaragoza (1,266), and Villa Morelos (1,153), classified as rural.
Cabo San Lázaro is a cape in the municipality of Comondú, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur.Cadejé Airstrip
Cadejé Airstrip (IATA: N/A) is a private dirt airstrip located In Cadejé, 13 km North of San Juanico, Municipality of Comondú, Baja California Sur, Mexico. The airstrip is used solely for general aviation purposes. This airstrip is an alternative to the San Juanico airstrip (located on the Scorpion Bay coast), which remains closed. The letters CDJ are used as an identifier code. This airstrip is also known by government officials as "La Vinatería".Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the seat of Comondú Municipality. As of 2015, the city had a total population of 44,918 inhabitants.. Ciudad Constitución is a small city which serves as a gateway to Magdalena Bay.Ciudad Constitución Airport
Ciudad Constitución Airport (IATA: CUA, ICAO: MMDA) is a small airfield located 6 km east of the central business district (CBD) of Ciudad Constitución, Comondú Municipality of Baja California Sur state, Mexico. The city of Ciudad Constitución is located in the Santo Domingo Valley, in the middle of the state.
The airport handles both commercial and general aviation, mostly within the region.
The airport is operated by the Municipality of Comondú Government, but on October 9, 2007 the airline Aéreo Servicio Guerrero was authorized to use and manage the airport land and facilities.Ciudad Insurgentes
Ciudad Insurgentes is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the second-largest community in the municipality of Comondú and is located 250 kilometers north of La Paz, Baja California Sur, and 175 kilometers south of Loreto, Baja California Sur. Ciudad Insurgentes's population was 11,503 inhabitants in the 2015 census.Comondú complex
The Comondú Complex is an archaeological pattern dating from the late prehistoric period in northern Baja California Sur and southern Baja California. It is associated with the historic Cochimí people of the peninsula.
The complex was defined on the basis of investigations at rock shelters near the town of San Jose de Comondú by archaeologist William C. Massey, beginning in the late 1940s. It has been recognized at sites extending from the Sierra de la Giganta (west of Loreto) in the south to Bahía de los Ángeles in the north.
A key characteristic of the Comondú Complex is the presence of small Comondú Triangular and Comondú Serrated projectile points. These points reflect the introduction of the bow and arrow into the peninsula, perhaps around 500-1000 CE, largely supplanting the earlier atlatl and dart. Other traits include grinding basins and slicks, manos, tubular stone pipes, coiled basketry, and square-knot netting. The region's Great Mural rock art may also be associated with the Comondú Complex.Isla San Diego
Isla San Diego is a small island in Mexico in the southern Gulf of California. Administratively it belongs to the municipality of Comondú of the State of Baja California Sur and is very close to the small island called Isla La Habana.
It is barren and uninhabited, is located about 22 km (13.7 mi) east of the coast of Baja California, 9.5 km (5.9 mi) north of San Jose Island and 6 km (3.7 mi) south-southeast of the island of Santa Cruz. Isla San Diego is 1.5 km (0.93 mi) long, up to 500 m (546.8 yd) wide and has an area of 0.563 km2 (139.1 acres).Las Barrancas Airstrip
Las Barrancas Airstrip (IATA: N/A) is a public dirt airstrip located in Las Barrancas, Municipality of Comondú, Baja California Sur, Mexico, a fishing town located on the Pacific Ocean coast. The airstrip is used solely for general aviation purposes, but currently is temporarily closed.Loreto Municipality, Baja California Sur
Loreto (Spanish ) is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It was created in 1992 from the partition of the neighboring Comondú Municipality. The municipal seat is in the town of Loreto, which was the former capital of Las Californias during Spanish colonial times.
The 2010 census reported a population of 16,738, about 88 percent of whom lived in the town of Loreto. The municipality has an area of 4,311 km² (1,664.49 sq mi).Magdalena Bay
Magdalena Bay (Spanish: Bahía Magdalena) is a 50 km long bay in Comondú Municipality along the western coast of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is protected from the Pacific Ocean by the unpopulated sandy barrier islands of Isla Magdalena and Isla Santa Margarita.Misión San José de Comondú
Mission San José de Comondú was one of the Jesuit missions established early in the 18th century in Baja California Sur, Mexico, west of Loreto on an arroyo flowing to the Pacific coast. "Comondú" was a place name of the native Cochimí, who were the objects of the missionaries' efforts. Over the course of its existence, the mission was twice relocated.
"Comondú Viejo" was established in 1709 by the missionary Julián de Mayorga and financed by the Marqués de Villapuente de la Peña and his wife the Marquesa de las Torres de Rada. The location proved less than ideal as an agricultural settlement. A smallpox epidemic in 1710 killed half of the mission's neophytes. The mission was moved to its second site in 1736, and Comondú Viejo became a visita or subordinate mission station. The foundations of the chapel and portions of an irrigation system survive.
The new location for Comondú was located about 50 kilometers to the southwest, at what had previously been the visita of San Miguel. This location was reduced back to visita status in 1737, although many structural remnants of the mission survive.
The final location for the mission was about 3 kilometers upstream from San Miguel. First adobe structures and, after 1750, a large stone building were erected. However, the neophyte population declined from more than 300 in 1740 to 80 in 1768 and 28 in 1800. The mission ceased to function in 1827. Substantial architectural remnants survived into the 20th century, but the existing buildings have been extensively renovated.Palo Blanco Airstrip
Palo Blanco Airstrip (IATA: N/A) is a private dirt airstrip located 6 km south of La Purísima, Municipality of Comondú, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is used solely for general aviation purposes. The ENW code is an identifier designated by the Direction General of Civil Aeronautics (DGAC) and can be used to file Mexican flight plans.Puerto Cortés, Baja California Sur
Puerto Cortés is a small settlement on Isla Santa Margarita, off the Pacific coast of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is part of Comondú Municipality. There is a naval base there. It is sometimes used as a breakpoint in metereological reports. The 2010 census reported no official resident population.Puerto Cortés Airstrip
Puerto Cortés Airstrip is the military dirt airstrip of Puerto Cortés Naval Base, located on the East side of Isla Santa Margarita, on the coast of Magdalena Bay, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. Isla Margarita is a Pacific Ocean island, located to the West of the Baja California Peninsula, and belongs politically to the municipality of Comondú. Puerto Cortés Naval Base is handled by the Mexican Navy and is the center of a Military Naval Sector that depends from the 2nd Military Naval Region in Ensenada, BC. The airstrip is used solely for military aviation purposes.Rocas Alijos
Rocas Alijos, or Escollos Alijos (English: Alijos Rocks) are a group of tiny, steep and barren volcanic islets or above-water (as well as below-water) rocks in the Pacific Ocean at 24°57′31″N 115°44′59″W. They are part of Comondú municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur, and situated about 300 km west of the mainland. The total surface area is less than 1,000 square metres. The official area figure of 0.012 square kilometres (0.0046 sq mi).The group consists of three principal rocks and numerous smaller ones. South Rock, the largest of the group, is 34 meters (111 ft) high, with a diameter of only 14 meters (46 ft) (position 24°57′03″N 115°44′55″W). Middle Rock is 18 meters (59 ft) high and about 10 meters (33 ft) in diameter. North Rock, 200 meters (656 ft) north of South Rock, is 22 meters (72 ft) high, with a diameter of 12 meters (39 ft).
The rocks in between those are either submerged or so low that they are barely visible among the heavily breaking waves.The rocks seem to be known since the early Spanish history of Mexico; they can be found on a map from 1598. The first description is from 1704, by pirate John Clipperton. But only in 1791 the first exact description was made by a Spanish sailor. South Rock was climbed for the first time in 1990 by an expedition (October 31 through November 7, 1990) under the leadership of Robert Schmieder, who edited a monograph about the rocks.The group is located at the transition zone between two major biologic provinces, at a latitude where the Pacific Current turns westward to form the North Pacific trans-oceanic current. The rocks are nesting sites of many seabirds.The two other Mexican island groups in the Pacific Ocean that are not on the continental shelf are Guadalupe Island and Revillagigedo Islands.Río de Agua de Vida Airstrip
Río de Agua de Vida Airstrip (IATA: N/A) is a private dirt airstrip located 4 km South West of La Purísima, Municipality of Comondú, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is owned and handled by Mexican Medical Ministries, a religious non-profit organization that provide health care services to the locals. The airstrip is used solely for general aviation purposes. The MMI code is used unofficially as an identifier.San Carlos, Baja California Sur
San Carlos, also known as Puerto San Carlos, is a fishing community facing the Pacific Ocean, in Magdalena Bay of Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is located in Comondú Municipality and had a 2010 census population of 5,538.San Juanico, Baja California Sur
San Juanico is a fishing village in Comondú Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico, located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean on the Bahía San Juanico. Originally a primitive settlement used by fishermen from a larger pueblo at Cadeje, legend says American smugglers and surfers noticed the bahia's waves in the mid-seventies. Afterward, the settlement grew alongside its reputation as one of the ten best surfing spots in the world. Various efforts to hide the pueblo by ex-pats include promoting the name, "Scorpion Bay" instead of San Juanico.
As of 2010, the village had a total population of 687, which included Mexican nationals living in the pueblo and in surrounding ranchos, and immigrants from the U.S. and elsewhere.
San Juanico Airstrip was notorious for smugglers but is presently closed. Nearby Cadejé Airstrip is now used for single engine aircraft.Villa Constitución Airport
Villa Constitución Airport (IATA: VIB) is a small airfield located 3 km North of the central business district (CBD) of Ciudad Constitución, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is used for agricultural aviation purposes.
La Paz (capital)