Community areas in Chicago

The community areas in Chicago, as defined by the Social Science Research Committee at the University of Chicago beginning in the 1920s, are 77 geographical divisions of Chicago. They are now used by the City of Chicago for statistical and planning purposes.[1][2] These areas are well-defined and static. Census data are tied to the community areas, and they serve as the basis for a variety of urban planning initiatives on both the local and regional levels.

The Social Science Research Committee at University of Chicago originally defined seventy-five community areas during the late 1920s. At the time, these community areas corresponded roughly to neighborhoods or inter-related neighborhoods within the city. In the 1950s, with the city's annexations for O'Hare International Airport, a seventy-sixth community area was added. Other than the creation of the seventy-seventh community area in 1980 (by separating Edgewater from Uptown), boundaries have never been revised to reflect change but instead have been kept stable to allow comparisons of these areas over time.

Community areas are distinct from the more numerous neighborhoods in Chicago. Community areas often encompass groups of neighborhoods. Although many community areas contain more than one neighborhood, they may also share the same name, or parts of the name, of some of their individual neighborhoods. Political wards of the Chicago City Council are also a distinct geographic concept and may be important in reading history or in modern contexts, however they are redistricted over time and their boundaries change.

Map of the Community Areas and 'Sides' of the City of Chicago, data complied from the Community Areas List and 'Sides' descriptions below

Community areas by side

Flag of Chicago, Illinois
The three white sections of the Flag of Chicago represent the North, West, and South Sides of the city

Central

The city center area covers a little more than 4 square miles (10 km2), lying roughly between Division Street (1200 North) on the north, Lake Michigan on the east, 26th Street (2600 South) on the south and Halsted (800 West) on the west. This area is the city's commercial hub. The three branches of the Chicago River meet in this area.

The area known as the Loop is a section within downtown, surrounded by elevated tracks of the rapid transit network. Many of downtown's commercial, cultural, and financial institutions are located in the Loop. Today, the Loop is also used to identify the larger downtown area.

River North contains the Magnificent Mile, a concentration of high-end retail. The central area is home to Grant and Millennium Parks, skyscrapers, museums, and shopping; and is the site of the city's largest parades: the annual Christmas, Thanksgiving and Saint Patrick's Day parades. The Chicago Bears play in Soldier Field on the Near South Side.

Number Community area Neighborhoods
08 Near North Side
32 Loop
33 Near South Side

North Side

The sides of the city are defined by the Chicago river and its branches. The city's North Side extends north of Central−Downtown Chicago, the West Side districts, and the Chicago River to the city's northern and northwestern borders. It is the most densely populated residential section of the city, and has a considerable middle and upper-class demographic.[3] It contains sizable public parklands (such as the huge Lincoln Park) and miles of beaches along Lake Michigan to the city's northern limits. Residential highrises line the waterfront in the eastern North Side. The district includes Eastern European, Puerto Rican, and other ethnic enclaves. It is the home of the Chicago Cubs at Wrigley Field.

North Side
Number Community area Neighborhoods
05 North Center
06 Lake View
07 Lincoln Park
21 Avondale
22 Logan Square
Far North side
Number Community area Neighborhoods
01 Rogers Park
02 West Ridge
03 Uptown
04 Lincoln Square
09 Edison Park
10 Norwood Park
11 Jefferson Park
12 Forest Glen
13 North Park
14 Albany Park
76 O'Hare
77 Edgewater
Northwest side
Number Community area Neighborhoods
15 Portage Park
16 Irving Park
17 Dunning
18 Montclare
19 Belmont Cragin
20 Hermosa

West Side

The West Side (extending west of downtown) is made up of neighborhoods such as Austin, Lawndale, Garfield Park, West Town, and Humboldt Park among others. Some neighborhoods, particularly Garfield Park and Lawndale, have had long-term socio-economic problems. Other West Side neighborhoods, especially those closer to downtown, have been undergoing gentrification. The United Center, the home of the Chicago Bulls and Blackhawks, and University of Illinois at Chicago are located on the Near West Side.

Major parks on the West Side include Douglas, Garfield, and Humboldt Park. Garfield Park Conservatory houses one of the largest collections of tropical plants of any U.S. city. Attractions on the West Side include the Puerto Rican Day festival, and the National Museum of Mexican Art in Pilsen.

Number Community area Neighborhoods
23 Humboldt Park
24 West Town
25 Austin
26 West Garfield Park
27 East Garfield Park
28 Near West Side
29 North Lawndale
30 South Lawndale
31 Lower West Side

South Side

The South Side is the largest section of the city, encompassing roughly 60% of the city's land area, and much was annexed in the late 19th century. The section along the lake is marked with public parkland and beaches. The South Side has a higher ratio of single-family homes and also contains most of the city's remaining industry. Historically it was the location of the stockyards, and its industries attracted hundreds of thousands of European immigrants and African-American migrants in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. More recent immigrants have come from Mexico and Latin America. The Chicago White Sox have played at three different stadiums in the area since 1900—first South Side Park (1900–1910), then the original Comiskey Park (1910–1990), and finally their current home, originally named Comiskey Park, then named U.S. Cellular Field in 2003, but now known as Guaranteed Rate Field since 2016 (1991–present).

Along with being the largest section of the city in terms of geography, the South Side is also home to one of the city's largest parades: the annual Bud Billiken Day parade. Held during the second weekend of August, it celebrates children returning to school.

The South Side has two of Chicago's largest public parks. Jackson Park, which hosted the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893, is the site of the Museum of Science and Industry. The park stretches along the waterfront, situated between the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and South Shore. Washington Park sits slightly west of Jackson Park and the two are connected by a strip of parkland known as Midway Plaisance, which runs parallel to the University of Chicago.

Number Community area Neighborhoods
34 Armour Square
35 Douglas
36 Oakland
37 Fuller Park
38 Grand Boulevard
39 Kenwood
40 Washington Park
41 Hyde Park
42 Woodlawn
43 South Shore
60 Bridgeport
69 Greater Grand Crossing
Southwest side
Number Community area Neighborhoods
56 Garfield Ridge
57 Archer Heights
58 Brighton Park
59 McKinley Park
61 New City
62 West Elsdon
63 Gage Park
64 Clearing
65 West Lawn
66 Chicago Lawn
67 West Englewood
68 Englewood
Far Southeast side
Number Community area Neighborhoods
44 Chatham
45 Avalon Park
46 South Chicago
47 Burnside
48 Calumet Heights
49 Roseland
50 Pullman
51 South Deering
52 East Side
53 West Pullman
54 Riverdale
55 Hegewisch
Far Southwest side
Number Community area Neighborhoods
70 Ashburn
71 Auburn Gresham
72 Beverly
73 Washington Heights
74 Mount Greenwood
75 Morgan Park

Alternate geographic breakdowns

Parishes

Another method of neighborhood nomenclature in heavily Catholic neighborhoods of Chicago has been to refer to communities in terms of parishes. For example, one might say, "I live in St. Gertrude's, but he's from Saint Ita's." Some of these designations have come into common parlance as developers have used them to market new gentrifying areas such as "St. Ben's", a neighborhood found on the Chicago Realtor Association's official Chicago Neighborhood map. Chicago's Polish Patches are also named after the historically Polish church located in the vicinity.

Wards

Since 1923 Chicago has been divided into fifty wards each electing one alderman to the City Council.[4] In many social, political and economic contexts, it is reasonable to describe one's residence in Chicago by who one's alderman is or what ward one lives in. However, using wards as the basis for comparing areas of the city over time has limited utility, as the wards must be redistricted every ten years to account for population shift. The current ward boundaries were mapped in 2011, and became effective in 2015.[5][6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Community Areas Map" (PDF). City of Chicago. June 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  2. ^ "Community Maps". City of Chicago. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Lakeview (Chicago, Illinois)". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Encyclopedia of Chicago Government, City of Chicago". Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  5. ^ "Aldermanic Wards" (PDF). City of Chicago. 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  6. ^ Ramos, Elliott (19 January 2012). "Interactive: City Council-approved Chicago Ward Map". WBEZ. Chicago Public Media. Retrieved 28 November 2017.

External links

Austin, Chicago

Austin is one of seventy-seven officially designated community areas in Chicago, Illinois. Located on the city's West Side, it is the second largest community area by population (behind Lake View) and the second-largest geographically (behind South Deering). Austin's eastern boundary is the Belt Railway located just east of Cicero Avenue. Its northernmost border is the Milwaukee District / West Line. Its southernmost border is at Roosevelt Road from the Belt Railway west to Austin Boulevard. The northernmost portion, north of North Avenue, extends west to Harlem Avenue, abutting Elmwood Park. In addition to Elmwood Park, Austin also borders the suburbs of Cicero and Oak Park.

East Garfield Park, Chicago

East Garfield Park is a community area on the West Side of Chicago, Illinois, west of the Loop.

Taking its name from the large urban park, Garfield Park, the neighborhood is bordered by Franklin Boulevard on the north, Arthington and Taylor Streets on the south, Hamlin Avenue and Independence Boulevard to the west, and Rockwell Street to the east.

Englewood, Chicago

Englewood is one of the 77 official community areas in Chicago, Illinois, United States. At its peak population in 1960, over 97,000 people lived in its approximately 3 square miles (7.8 km2), but the neighborhood's population has since dropped dramatically. In 2000, it had a population of approximately 40,000 inhabitants, and the 2010 census indicated that its population has further declined to approximately 30,000. Englewood is bordered by Garfield Boulevard to the north, 75th Street to the south, Racine Avenue to the west, and the Metra Railroad Tracks to the east. It is located on the south side of Chicago.

List of Chicago Landmarks

Chicago Landmark is a designation of the Mayor of Chicago and the Chicago City Council for historic buildings and other sites in Chicago, Illinois, United States. Listed sites are selected after meeting a combination of criteria, including historical, economic, architectural, artistic, cultural, and social values. Once a site is designated as a landmark, it is subject to the Chicago Landmarks Ordinance, which requires that any alterations beyond routine maintenance, up to and including demolition, must have their permit reviewed by the Landmarks Commission. Many Chicago Landmarks are also listed on the National Register of Historic Places, providing federal tax support for preservation, and some are further designated National Historic Landmarks, providing additional federal oversight.

List of neighborhoods in Chicago

There are sometimes said to be more than 200 neighborhoods in Chicago, though few residents would agree on their names and boundaries. A city ordinance prescribing and mapping 178 neighborhoods is almost unknown and ignored even by municipal departments. Neighborhood names and identities have evolved over time due to real estate development and changing demographics. The City of Chicago is also divided into 77 community areas which were drawn by University of Chicago researchers in the late 1920s. Chicago's community areas are well-defined, generally contain multiple neighborhoods, and are less commonly used by city residents. More historical images of Chicago neighborhoods can be found in Explore Chicago Collections, a digital repository made available by Chicago Collections archives, libraries and other cultural institutions in the city.

List of regions of the United States

This is a list of some of the regions in the United States. Many regions are defined in law or regulations by the federal government; others by shared culture and history; and others by economic factors.

Michigan–Wacker Historic District

The Michigan–Wacker Historic District is a National Register of Historic Places District that includes parts of the Chicago Loop and Near North Side community areas in Chicago, Illinois, United States. The district is known for the Chicago River, two bridges that cross it, and eleven high rise and skyscraper buildings erected in the 1920s. Among the contributing properties are the following Chicago Landmark structures:

333 North Michigan

London Guarantee Building (360 North Michigan)

Carbide & Carbon Building (230 North Michigan)

Michigan Avenue Bridge

35 East Wacker

Mather Tower (75 East Wacker)

Tribune Tower (435 North Michigan)

Other notable sites include Pioneer Court the Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite (401 North Michigan), which as the site of Chicago's first permanent residence is a National Historic Landmark, and the Wrigley Building (410 North Michigan). Across the Michigan Avenue Bridge is the former site of Fort Dearborn, the US Army post established in 1803. To the west is the Heald Square Monument, a statue of George Washington and the financiers of the American Revolution.

The district includes contributing properties with addresses on North Michigan Avenue, East Wacker Drive, North Wabash Avenue and East South Water Street. Other streets in the district are Rush Street, Hubbard, Illinois and Kinzie. The majority of these properties are on Michigan, with addresses ranging from 230 North Michigan to 505 North Michigan. The district also includes parts of Michigan, Wacker and East South Water, which are all among the many multilevel streets in Chicago. Most of its contributing high-rise buildings and skyscrapers are of either Gothic or Baroque architecture, in addition to Art Deco. The district is north of the Historic Michigan Boulevard District.

It was listed as on the National Register of Historic Places on November 15, 1978.

Printer's Row, Chicago

Printer's Row, also known as Printing House Row, is a neighborhood located south of the Chicago downtown area known as the Loop. The heart of Printer's Row is generally defined by Ida B. Wells Drive on the north, Polk Street on the south, Plymouth Court on the east, and the Chicago River on the west. This neighborhood overlaps significantly with the officially designated landmark Printing House Row District. The neighborhood includes Dearborn Station, which is also on the National Register of Historic Places.

Many of the buildings in this area were used by printing and publishing businesses. Today, the buildings have mainly been converted into residential lofts with the exception of one commercial printer, Palmer Printing, Inc., near the corner of Clark and Polk streets.

The 78

The 78 is a proposed urban development in Chicago. The name "The 78" refers to the existing 77 community areas in Chicago and the project's ambitions to increase that number by one. Related Midwest will develop the site, and Skidmore, Owings & Merrill designed the project's master plan. Related acquired the land in 2016. It was previously owned by Tony Rezko.If built according to plan, The 78 would be located on a 62-acre parcel of land south of the Loop and north of Chinatown. The area is bordered by Roosevelt Road on the north, Clark Street on the east, 16th Street on the south, and the South Branch of the Chicago River on the west.In April 2019 the Chicago City Council approved plans for The 78, including a tax increment financing agreement.Two other large-scale redevelopment projects are under development north of The 78. These are Lendlease's Southbank project and Riverline, by Chicago-based CMK Companies.

Community areas in Chicago
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