Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain

Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (Spanish: Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España) is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Spain. PCPE was founded out of the unification of several Marxist-Leninist factions. The youth organization is called the Communist Youth of the Peoples of Spain.

Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain

Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España
LeaderCarmelo Suárez
Founded15 December 1984
HeadquartersMadrid, Spain
Youth wingCommunist Youth of the Peoples of Spain
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism-Leninism
Euroscepticism
Internationalism
Anticapitalism
Political positionFar-left
European affiliation(Formerly) Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties
International affiliationInternational Conference of Communist and Workers' Parties
International Communist Seminar
ColoursRed
Local Government
4 / 67,121
Website
www.pcpe.es

History

From 13–15 December 1984 a "Communist Unity Congress" was held in Madrid. Partido Comunista de España Unificado (PCEU, Unified Communist Party of Spain), Movimiento de Recuperación del PCE (MRPCE, Movement for the Recuperation of the PCE), Movimiento para la Recuperación y Unificación del PCE (MRUPCE, Movement for the Recuperation and Unification of the PCE), Candidatura Comunista (CC, Communist Candidature), and some minor groups unified themselves, thus creating Partido Comunista (renamed PCPE in 1986).

All these groups had surged from splits from the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) during the 1970s and 1980s. Quickly after its foundation, PCPE was recognized by some other parties, such as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and other statebearing Eastern bloc parties. The party was formed by those who were against Santiago Carrillo's Eurocommunist line in the PCE. The Catalan referent of PCPE was initially Party of Communists of Catalonia (PCC), but it later broke with PCPE and now the Catalan referent is the Communist Party of the Peoples of Catalonia.

PCPE briefly joined Izquierda Unida in 1987. In 2000, the Spanish Communist Workers' Party (PCOE) merged with PCPE, and the publication of the united party became Unidad y Lucha.

2017 Split

In April 2017 the PCPE suffered a major split. During the fifth plenary session of the central committee a minority of the committee recognized Ástor García as the new secretary general of the party, however a majority continued to recognize the incumbent (since 2002) secretary general Carmelo Suárez. The group around Ástor García created a new competing website of the PCPE.

Both PCPE-Suárez and PCPE-García were recognized by different communist parties as the legitimate PCPE.[1][2][3][4] A majority of the Collectives of Communist Youth membership pledged allegiance to PCPE-García.[5][6]

For the next two years both groups would compete for the PCPE name and international recognition. This dispute was finally resolved in March 2019 when the PCPE-García relinquished its claim to the PCPE name and renamed itself to the Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (Partido Comunista de los Trabajadores de España, PCTE).[7][8]

Publications

PCPE publishes Unidad y Lucha and Propuesta Comunista (a theoretical journal). Before the PCOE-PCPE merger, the main publication of the party was Nuevo Rumbo.

Electoral performance

Cortes Generales

Election Leader Votes % # Seats Outcome Notes
Congress Senate
1986 Ignacio Gallego 935,504 4.63 #5
1 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE majority Within United Left
1989 Juan Ramos Camarero 62,664 0.31 #20
0 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE minority
1993 10,233 0.04 #31
0 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE minority
1996 14,513 0.06 #21
0 / 350
0 / 208
PP minority
2000 12,898 0.06 #29
0 / 350
0 / 208
PP majority
2004 Carmelo Suárez 12,979 0.05 #29
0 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE minority
2008 20,030 0.08 #26
0 / 350
0 / 208
PSOE minority
2011 26,254 0.11 #21
0 / 350
0 / 208
PP majority
2015 31,179 0.12 #18
0 / 350
0 / 208
New election
2016 26,627 0.11 #15
0 / 350
0 / 208
PP minority
April 2019 17,101 0.07 #24
0 / 350
0 / 208
New election
November 2019 14,023 0.06 #26
0 / 350
0 / 208
TBD

Gallery

Nuevorumbosticker

NR sticker of 1988

Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España (sticker, 1999)

PCPE sticker of 1999

See also

List of political parties in Spain

References

  1. ^ "Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España - Encuentro bilateral en La Habana con el Partido Comunista de Cuba". www.pcpe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  2. ^ Socialista, Corea (2017-05-04). "Visita del PCPE a la embajada de la RPDC en Madrid". Corea Socialista (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  3. ^ admin (2017-05-04). "Posición del PC de Grecia sobre los acontecimientos en el PCPE". PCTE (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  4. ^ agitprop (2017-05-18). "Acto internacional en Madrid: "Ni tierra, ni mar, ni aire para los imperialistas"". PCTE (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  5. ^ "Juventud Comunista - CJC". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  6. ^ Canarias-semanal.org. "LOS COLECTIVOS DE JÓVENES COMUNISTAS RECONOCEN A ÁSTOR GARCÍA COMO SECRETARIO GENERAL DEL PCPE". Canarias-semanal.org, Digital informativo de ámbito internacional y actualización diaria, de lunes a viernes (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  7. ^ "Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España - Declaración de Secretario General del PCPE sobre las siglas del Partido y el fin de la usurpación de las mismas". www.pcpe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  8. ^ agitprop (2019-03-04). "De nuevo, el Partido Comunista". PCTE (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-06.

External links

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Communist Party of Aragon (1980)

Communist Party of Aragon (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Aragón or PCA), was a political party in Aragon, Spain. The PCA was an orthodox splintergroup of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE). They broke from the PCE in 1980. In 1984 PCA merged into the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE), and was hence known as PCA-PC.

PCA-PC no longer exists.

Communist Party of the Catalan People

The Communist Party of the Catalan People (Catalan: Partit Comunista del Poble Català, PCPC), is a Marxist-Leninist Communist Party in Catalonia (Spain), which works in cooperation with the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain, and whose primary objective is the establishment of socialism and communism in Spain, and a confederal republic, with processes of self-determination. Their youth is the Joves Comunistes del Poble Català (CJC-JCPC,Young Communist of the Catalan People).

The PCPC was born after the expulsion on ideological grounds from the Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) of several of its members, like Quim Boix. He then passed to this new party militants and several different local organizations like the Santa Coloma de Gramanet which establishes its headquarters.

The PCPC is established in different areas such as Lleida in Catalonia, Tarragona and especially in the province of Barcelona, with an important base for militants in Hospitalet, Barcelona city and Santa Coloma de Gramanet.

Communist Party of the Workers of Spain

The Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (Spanish: Partido Comunista de los Trabajadores de España, abbreviated PCTE) is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Spain. The PCTE was founded on March 3, 2019 as the result of a split in the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE). The youth organization of the PCTE is called the Collectives of Communist Youth.The PCTE contested both the April 2019 Spanish general election (14,189 votes, 0,05%) and the election for the European Parliament (19,081, 0,09%). On the same day of the European parliament election the PCTE competed in five regional elections and in sixteen municipalities. It won two seats in the former mining municipality of Degaña in southern Asturias. It also supported the local list Asamblea Ciudadana Por Torrelavega (ACPT), which also won two seats.At the November 2019 election the PCTE is fielding candidates in 37 provinces, compared to the 27 provinces the party contested at the previous election.

Communist Workers Party of Catalonia

Communist Workers' Party of Catalonia (Catalan: Partit Comunista Obrer de Catalunya) is a communist party in Catalonia. The party was founded in 1973 as a split from Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya as the Catalan branch of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party (PCOE), and was legalized on 28 October 1977. In 2000, it became a part of the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain.

The central organ of PCOC was Endavant!, which was published monthly 1974-1999. The party's general secretary was Albert Farrán.

Eastern District (General Junta of Asturias constituency)

Eastern District is one of the three constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias, the regional legislature of the Principality of Asturias. The constituency currently elects five deputies. It comprises the municipalities of Amieva, Cabrales, Cabranes, Cangas de Onís, Caravia, Colunga, Llanes, Nava, Onís, Parres, Peñamellera Alta, Peñamellera Baja, Piloña, Ponga, Ribadedeva, Ribadesella and Villaviciosa. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Ignacio Gallego

Ignacio Gallego Bezares (1914-1990), was a Spanish communist politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE).

Madrid (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Madrid is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects 36 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Madrid. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Results breakdown of the 1989 European Parliament election in Spain

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Results breakdown of the 1994 European Parliament election in Spain

This is the results breakdown of the European Parliament election held in Spain on 12 June 1994. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

Results breakdown of the 1999 European Parliament election in Spain

This is the results breakdown of the European Parliament election held in Spain on 13 June 1999. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

Results breakdown of the 2003 Spanish local elections (Asturias)

This is the results breakdown of the local elections held in Asturias on 25 May 2003. The following tables show detailed results in the autonomous community's most populous municipalities, sorted alphabetically.

Results breakdown of the 2004 European Parliament election in Spain

This is the results breakdown of the European Parliament election held in Spain on 13 June 2004. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

Results breakdown of the 2009 European Parliament election in Spain

This is the results breakdown of the European Parliament election held in Spain on 7 June 2009. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

Results breakdown of the 2011 Spanish general election (Congress)

This is the results breakdown of the Congress of Deputies election held in Spain on 20 November 2011. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, as well as a summary of constituency results.

Results breakdown of the 2014 European Parliament election in Spain

This is the results breakdown of the European Parliament election held in Spain on 25 May 2014. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

Results breakdown of the 2015 Spanish general election (Congress)

This is the results breakdown of the Congress of Deputies election held in Spain on 20 December 2015. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, as well as a summary of constituency results.

Results breakdown of the 2016 Spanish general election (Congress)

This is the results breakdown of the Congress of Deputies election held in Spain on 26 June 2016. The following tables show detailed results in each of the country's 17 autonomous communities and in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, as well as a summary of constituency results.

Western District (General Junta of Asturias constituency)

Western District is one of the three constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias, the regional legislature of the Principality of Asturias. The constituency currently elects six deputies. It comprises the municipalities of Allande, Belmonte de Miranda, Boal, Candamo, Cangas del Narcea, Castropol, Coaña, Cudillero, Degaña, El Franco, Grado, Grandas de Salime, Ibias, Illano, Muros del Nalón, Navia, Pesoz, Pravia, Salas, San Martín de Oscos, Santa Eulalia de Oscos, San Tirso de Abres, Somiedo, Tapia de Casariego, Taramundi, Teverga, Tineo, Valdés, Vegadeo, Villanueva de Oscos, Villayón and Yernes y Tameza. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Orthodox Communist parties in Europe

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