Commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy

The Commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy (CZsk) (Dutch: Commandant Zeestrijdkrachten) is the highest-ranking officer of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The CZsk reports directly to the Chief of the Netherlands Defence Staff.

The position of CZsk was created on 5 September 2005, following a large overhaul of the command structure of the Dutch armed forces. In this overhaul the position of Bevelhebber der Zeestrijdkrachten was dropped and the position of Commander of the Naval Force in The Netherlands was upgraded to the current CZsk position. Ever since the integration of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps into the Navy, the former Commander of the Marine Corps has held the position of Deputy Commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy.

In addition to being the commanding officer of the Dutch Navy, under the terms of the BENESAM Treaty the CZsk is also the Admiral of the Benelux (the commanding officer of the integrated command of the Dutch and Belgian fleets). This means the CZsk is the commanding officer of the operational units of the Royal Netherlands Navy and the Belgian Naval Component. Also, the CZsk shares command responsibility with the Chief of the Netherlands Defence Staff for units that have been deployed on international missions (under the colors of the United Nations).

The position of CZsk is statutorily held by a Vice Admiral or Lieutenant General of the Marines (NATO OF-8). The current CZsk is Vice-admiraal Rob Kramer, who succeeded Lieutenant general Rob Verkerk in the position in September 2017.

Commander of Royal Netherlands Navy
Commandant Zeestrijdkrachten
Rob Kramer C-ZSK
Vice Admiral Rob Kramer

since September 2017
 Royal Netherlands Navy
Reports to Chief of the Netherlands Defence Staff
PrecursorCommander of the Naval Force in The Netherlands
Formation5 September 2005
First holderJan-Willem Kelder


The Commander of the Royal Dutch Navy is Director of four Directorates:

  • Directorate Planning & Control
  • Directorate Operational Support
  • Directorate of Operations
  • Directorate of the Caribbean

Commanders of the Royal Netherlands Navy

  • Vice Admiral Jan-Willem Kelder (5 September 2005 – 31 August 2007)
  • Lieutenant General of the Marines Rob Zuiderwijk (31 August 2007 – 22 January 2010)
  • Vice Admiral Matthieu Borsboom (22 January 2010 – 26 September 2014)
  • Lieutenant General of the Marines Rob Verkerk (26 September 2014 – 22 September 2017)
  • Vice Admiral Rob Kramer (22 September 2017-present)

Deputy Commanders of the Royal Netherlands Navy

  • Major General of the Marines Rob Zuiderwijk (5 September 2005 – 27 August 2007)
  • Rear Admiral Wim Nagtegaal (27 August 2007 – 13 January 2010)
  • Major General of the Marines Ton van Ede (13 January 2010 – 9 April 2012)
  • Major General of the Marines Rob Verkerk (9 April 2012 – 26 September 2014)
  • Rear Admiral Ben Bekkering (26 September 2014 – 27 May 2016)
  • Rear Admiral Rob Kramer (27 May 2016-11 September 2017)
  • Major General of the marines Frank van Sprang (11 September 2017-present)
Admiral Benelux

The Admiral Benelux (ABNL) is the Commanding Officer of the combined military staff of the Royal Netherlands Navy and the Naval Component of the Belgian Armed Forces.The position of ABNL was created together with the combination of the Staffs of the two contributing navies on March 28, 1995, in the BeNeSam Accord. The ABNL is responsible for the combined operations of the Dutch and Belgian navies and can be tasked with the responsibility for the operational readiness and deployment of the combined fleets in joint operations, both in war- and peacetime operations. Most of all the ABNL is responsible for the efficient use of joint material and personnel and oversees the joint training programs of the two navies.

Chief of Defence (Netherlands)

The Chief of Defence (Dutch: Commandant der Strijdkrachten, CHOD) is the highest-ranking military officer in the Armed forces of the Netherlands and is the principal military advisor to the Minister of Defence. On behalf of the Minister of Defence, he is responsible for operational policy, strategic planning and for preparing and executing military operations carried out by the Armed forces. The Chief of Defence is in charge of the central staff and is the direct commanding officer of all the commanders of the branches of the Armed forces. In this capacity the Chief of Defence directs all the activities of the Royal Netherlands Army, the Royal Netherlands Navy and Royal Netherlands Air Force. He is also in charge of the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, when it is operating under the responsibility of the Minister of Defence.

Deaths in June 2012

The following is a list of notable deaths in June 2012.

Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship and reason for notability, established cause of death, reference (and language of reference, if not English).

Jacob van Wassenaer Obdam

Jacob, Banner Lord of Wassenaer, Lord Obdam, Hensbroek, Spanbroek, Opmeer, Zuidwijk and Kernhem (1610 – 13 June 1665) was a Dutch lieutenant admiral, and supreme commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The name Obdam was then also spelled as Opdam. British contemporaneous sources typically refer to him as Admiral Opdam or Lord Obdam because it was not until 1657 that he bought the Wassenaar Estate from relatives and thus acquired its title. Modern Dutch sources sometimes less correctly insert a second "van" between "Wassenaer" and "Obdam" or use the modern spelling "Wassenaar".

Johannes Wirix

Johannes Marinus Ludovicus Adrianus Petrus Wirix (7 November 1836 – 30 December 1917) was a Dutch naval officer, who had been commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy on the Dutch Gold Coast since 26 July 1871, and who was appointed interim governor by the previous interim governor Jan Albert Hendrik Hugenholz on 17 September 1871. His appointment proved highly controversial with the other colonial administrators on the Gold Coast, who felt passed by. Wirix resigned on 28 October 1871, leaving the interim governorship to the long-time Gold Coast administrator Willem Le Jeune.

Luuk Kroon

Luuk Kroon (born 13 December 1942, Ridderkerk – d. 19 June 2012, The Hague) was a Dutch naval officer. Kroon served as the Commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy from 1995 to 1998 and Chief of the Netherlands Defence Staff from 1998 until 2004. He died in The Hague on June 19, 2012, at the age of 69.

Matthieu Borsboom

Vice admiral Matthieu Borsboom (born 1959) is a retired Royal Netherlands Navy officer who is a former Commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy and Admiral Benelux, and has served with the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan.

Netherlands–Singapore relations

Netherlands–Singapore relations refers to the bilateral relations between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Republic of Singapore. Upon Singapore's declaration of independence in August 1965, the Netherlands recognized Singapore as a sovereign state and established diplomatic relations with it, becoming one of the first European countries to do so. The Netherlands maintains its embassy in Singapore, while Singapore is represented in the Netherlands through its embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

Piet de Jong

Petrus Jozef Sietse "Piet" de Jong (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈpeːtrɵs ˈjoːzəf ˈsitsə ˈpit də ˈjɔŋ]; 3 April 1915 – 27 July 2016) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and naval officer who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 5 April 1967 to 6 July 1971.De Jong served as a naval officer in the Royal Netherlands Navy and joined the Royal Netherlands Navy Submarine Service in 1931. During the German invasion and fought in the Battle of France and escaped on the HNLMS O 24 to England. He served as first officer on the HNLMS O 24 from 1940 until 1944 fighting in the Battle of the Atlantic. On 25 September 1944 De Jong was promoted to commanding officer of the HNLMS O 24 and onder his command the HNLMS O 24 fought in both the Atlantic Campaign and the Pacific War. Following the end of World War II, De Jong continued to serve in the Royal Netherlands Navy holding several administrative functions until 14 November 1951 when he was giving command of the frigate HNLMS De Zeeuw On 20 October 1951 De Jong was transferred to the Allied Command Channel in Portsmouth as a staff officer. In 1955 he was named as chief of staff to the Inspector General of the Navy Prince Bernhard and as chief military adjutant and senior aide-de-camp to Queen Juliana. In 1958 De Jong was giving command of the destroyer HNLMS Gelderland. After the election of 1959 De Jong was unexpectedly appointed as State Secretary for Defence in the Cabinet De Quay, serving from 25 June 1959 until 24 July 1963. Following the election of 1963 De Jong was appointed as Minister of Defence in the Cabinet Marijnen, taking office on 24 July 1963. After the fall of the Cabinet Marijnen on 27 February 1965, De Jong continued as Minister of Defence in the Cabinet Cals, taking office on 14 April 1965. Following the resignation of the Cabinet Cals on 14 October 1966, De Jong continued as Minister of Defence in the caretaker Cabinet Zijlstra, taking office on 22 November 1966.After the election of 1967, De Jong was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 23 February 1967. After a deadlock following a failed cabinet formation attempt by the Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party Barend Biesheuvel, the Catholic People's Party suggested De Jong as a candidate for Prime Minister. The following cabinet formation resulted in a coalition agreement between the Catholic People's Party, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) and the Christian Historical Union (CHU) which formed the Cabinet De Jong, with De Jong becoming Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Minister of General Affairs on 5 April 1967. For the election of 1971 the Catholic People's Party refused to nominate De Jong as Lijsttrekker (top candidate) despite his popularity and instead nominated incumbent Minister of Education and Sciences Gerard Veringa as Lijsttrekker. He remained Prime Minister until the Cabinet Biesheuvel I was installed on 6 July 1971.After his premiership, De Jong remained in active politics, De Jong was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1971 and was nominated as Parliamentary leader of the Catholic People's Party in the Senate, serving from 11 May 1971 until 17 September 1974. Following his retirement De Jong occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director for supervisory boards in the business and industry world and several international non-governmental organizations (Royal Dutch Shell, DAF Trucks, NN Group, SHV Holdings, CSM, Het Financieele Dagblad) and as an diplomat and lobbyist for several economic delegations on behalf of the government.De Jong was known for his abilities as a team leader and negotiator. During his premiership, his cabinet was responsible for reforms to social security, intruding the value-added tax and improving relations with Indonesia. De Jong continued to comment on political affairs as a statesman until his death at the age of 101. By the time of his death he was the oldest and earliest serving former Prime Minister of the Netherlands and the oldest living state leader. He holds the distinction of leading the first cabinet as Prime Minister that completed a full term without any internal conflicts after World War II.

Recipients of the Order of the Netherlands Lion

Recipients of the Order of the Netherlands Lion and, until 1830, its counterpart the Order of the Lion Belgium.

The Order of the Netherlands Lion is a high order of chivalry of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Order of the Netherlands Lion was until recently awarded upon eminent individuals from all walks of life, including generals, ministers of the crown, mayors of large towns, professors and leading scientists, industrialists, high ranking civil servants, presiding judges and renowned artists. Since 1980 the Order has been primarily used to recognise merit in the arts, science, sport and literature. The following are recipients within the award.


Ridderkerk (pronunciation ) is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The municipality had a population of 45,743 in 2017, and covers an area of 25.26 km2 (9.75 sq mi) of which 1.52 km2 (0.59 sq mi) is covered by water.

The municipality of Ridderkerk also includes the following towns, villages and townships: Bolnes, Oostendam, Rijsoord and Slikkerveer.

Ridderkerk has a museum, de oudheidkamer, about the history of the town.

The Centre of Ridderkerk has a central square for events and there is a theater.

Rob Verkerk

Robert (Rob) Verkerk (born 17 April 1960, in Den Haag) is a retired officer of the Netherlands Marine Corps. On 26 September 2014 he succeeded Matthieu Borsboom as Commander of the Naval Forces (Dutch: Commandant Zeestrijdkrachten, CZSK).

Royal Netherlands Navy

The Royal Netherlands Navy (RNLN) (Dutch: Koninklijke Marine [KM] “Royal Navy”) is the naval force of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Its origins date back to the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648), the war of independence from the House of Habsburg who ruled over the Habsburg Netherlands.

During the 17th century the navy of the Dutch Republic (1581–1795) was one of the most powerful naval forces in the world and played an active role in wars against England, France, Spain and several other European powers. The navy of the later Batavian Republic (1795–1806) and Kingdom of Holland (1806–1810) played an active role in the Napoleonic Wars, though mostly dominated by French interests. After the establishment of the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands (founded 1815) it served an important role in protecting Dutch colonial rule, especially in Southeast Asia, and would play a minor role in World War II, especially against the Imperial Japanese Navy.

Since World War II the Royal Netherlands Navy has taken part in expeditionary peacekeeping operations.


Verkerk is a Dutch toponymic surname. The name is a contraction of van der Kerk, meaning "from (near) the church". Notable people with the surname include:

Kees Verkerk (born 1942), Dutch speed skater

Marhinde Verkerk (born 1985), Dutch judoka

Mariana Verkerk (born 1960), Dutch model, agent, and television personality

Martin Verkerk (born 1978), Dutch tennis player

Rob Verkerk (born 1960), Commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy 2014–2017

Chiefs of the navy by country


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