Commander (Canada)

In the Royal Canadian Navy, the rank of commander (French: capitaine de frégate or capf) is a Naval rank equal to a lieutenant-colonel of the Army or Air Force. A commander is senior to a lieutenant-commander or an army or air force major, and junior to a captain(N) or colonel.

Typical appointments for a commander include:

The rank insignia for a commander is three ½" stripes, worn on the cuffs of the service dress jacket, and on slip-ons on other uniforms. On the visor of the service cap is one row of gold oak leaves along the edge. Commanders in the Naval Operations Branch wear the officers' pattern cap badge for that branch, which is an anchor on a black oval, surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves. Specialist officers in such branches as logistics, medical, etc. wear their respective branch cap badges.

A commander is addressed initially by rank and surname, thereafter by superiors and peers as "Commander" and by subordinates as "Sir" or "Ma'am".

Canadian RCN OF-4

Dress uniform tunic

Barnard Foord Bowes

Barnard Foord Bowes or Barnard Bowes Foord (7 July 1769 – 23 June 1812) commanded a British brigade in several battles during the Peninsular War. He joined the 26th Foot Regiment as a junior officer in 1781 and rose in rank by purchase to become lieutenant colonel of the 6th Foot Regiment in 1796. He led troops during the Irish Rebellion of 1798. From 1799 to 1806 he served in Canada and married his wife there. He led a brigade at Roliça and Vimeiro in 1808. He was promoted major general in 1810. He was severely wounded while leading his brigade in an assault during the 1812 Siege of Badajoz. He was killed in action leading a storming column at the Siege of the Salamanca Forts.

Carabineros de Chile

Carabiniers of Chile (Spanish: Carabineros de Chile) are the Chilean national police force, who have jurisdiction over the entire national territory of Chile.

Created in 1927, their mission is to maintain order and create public respect for the laws of the country. They reported to the Ministerio de Defensa Nacional (Ministry of National Defense) through the Undersecretary of Carabiniers but since 2011, the Ministry of the Interior and Public Security has full control over them. They are in practice separated fully from the three other military branches by department but still considered part of the armed forces. Chile also has an investigative police force, the Investigations Police of Chile, also under the Interior and Public Security Ministry; a Maritime Police also exists for patrol of Chile's coastline.

Joseph Dunford

Joseph Francis Dunford Jr. (born December 8, 1955) is a United States Marine Corps general and the 19th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was also the 36th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Dunford is the first Marine Corps officer to serve in four different four-star positions; the others include commander of the International Security Assistance Force and United States Forces – Afghanistan from February 2013 until August 2014, and as the 32nd Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps from October 23, 2010, to December 15, 2012. He has also commanded several units, including the 5th Marine Regiment during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

As Chairman, Dunford is, by U.S. law, the highest-ranking and most senior military officer in the United States Armed Forces, and reports directly to the National Security Council, Secretary of Defense and President of the United States.

Lieutenant-commander (Canada)

In the Royal Canadian Navy, the rank of lieutenant commander (LCdr) (French: capitaine de corvette or capc) is the naval rank equal to major in the army or air force and is the first rank of senior officer. Lieutenant commanders are senior to lieutenants (N) and to army and air force captains, and are junior to commanders and lieutenant colonels.Following Royal Navy practice, promotion to the rank of lieutenant commander was previously automatic following accumulation of eight years' seniority as a lieutenant (navy). That practice changed in the mid-1990s, after which lieutenant commander appointments were limited and subject to competition.

Typical appointments for a lieutenant commander include:

Commanding officer of a minor warship, submarine or reserve division.

Executive officer or head of department of a frigate, destroyer, supply ship, reserve division or training establishment.

Staff officer on a formation or task group headquarters staff.The rank insignia for a lieutenant commander is two 1⁄2-inch (13 mm) stripes with a 1⁄4-inch (6.4 mm) stripe between, worn on the cuffs of the service dress jacket, and on slip-ons on other uniforms. As senior officers, they wear one row of gold oak leaves along the edge of the visor of their service caps. Lieutenant commanders of the Naval Operations Branch wear the officer's pattern of the branch cap badge: an anchor on a black oval, surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves at the sides and base of the oval, the whole surmounted by the St Edward's Crown. Specialist officers in such branches as Logistics, Intelligence and Medical wear their branch cap badges.

Prior to unification of the Canadian Forces in 1968, rank structure and insignia followed the British pattern. As part of the Canadian Naval Centennial the executive curl pattern (shown only in the dress uniform tunic picture below) of naval officer's rank was returned to all uniforms in 2010.

Navy uniform variations

Linda Bond

Linda Bond (born 22 June 1946) was the 19th General of the Salvation Army. She was born in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada.After international service and various promotions, she held the post of territorial commander of the Australian Eastern Territory from 2008. On 31 January 2011, Bond was elected by the High Council to be the next General of the Salvation Army and assumed office on 2 April 2011. She was the third woman and fourth Canadian to be elected General of the Salvation Army. General Evangeline Booth (1934–1939) and General Eva Burrows (1986–1993) were the two previous female Generals of The Salvation Army.

In late 2012, she received an honorary degree from Tyndale University College and Seminary. On 13 June 2013 she unexpectedly announced her retirement with immediate effect.

Royal Roads University

Royal Roads University is a public university with its main campus in Colwood, British Columbia. It is located on the grounds of the former Royal Roads Military College (RRMC) at Hatley Park National Historic Site on Vancouver Island. Following the decommissioning of RRMC in 1995, the government of British Columbia created Royal Roads University as a public university with an applied and professional degree-granting focus. Royal Roads University maintains strong ties with the Canadian Forces and considers alumni of RRMC to be part of its broader alumni community. Royal Roads University has now graduated over 20,000 students in the fields of leadership, business, environment, communication, tourism, hospitality and social justice who are working in over 60 countries around the world.

T. A. Goudge

Thomas Anderson Goudge (January 19, 1910 – June 20, 1999) was a Canadian philosopher and university professor.

NATO rank code Student Officer OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6
Royal Canadian Navy NCdt A/SLt SLt Lt(N) LCdr Cdr Capt(N) Cmdre RAdm VAdm Adm
Not used
Canadian Army OCdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj LCol Col BGen MGen LGen Gen Not used
Royal Canadian Air Force OCdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj LCol Col BGen MGen LGen Gen Not used

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