This is a list of the 42 comarques (singular comarca, Catalan pronunciation: [kuˈmaɾkə]) into which Catalonia is divided. A comarca is a group of municipalities, roughly equivalent to a "county" in the U.S.A. or the U.K. However, in the context of Catalonia, the term "county" can be a bit misleading, because in medieval Catalonia, aside from the kings of Aragon, the most important rulers were counts, notably the Counts of Barcelona and of Urgell. Comarques have no particular relation to the "counties" that were ruled by counts.
Although today the comarques are officially recognized, for centuries they had existed unofficially, with citizens identifying with a particular comarca in the same way that people in other parts of the world might identify with a particular region.
In some cases, comarques consist of rural areas and many small villages centering on an important town, where the people of the region traditionally go to shop or to sell their goods. This is the case of comarques such as the Pla d'Estany, centered on the town of Banyoles, or the Ripollès, centered on the town of Ripoll. In other cases, comarques are larger areas with many important population centers that have traditionally been considered part of the same region, as in the case of the Empordà or Vallès.
The current official division of Catalonia into comarques originates in an order of the semi-autonomous Catalan government under the Spanish Republic in 1936. It was superseded after the 1939 victory of Francisco Franco's forces in the Spanish Civil War, but restored in 1987 by the re-established Generalitat of Catalonia. Since the definition of comarques is traditionally a non-official and sometimes ambiguous, many new proposals have been made since the comarques were first officially designated as different towns attempt to adjust the official comarques with what they consider to be their traditional comarca. As a result, some revisions to the official division have been made periodically.
The comarca exists as a local government area, and has a representative comarcal council.
Borders of comarcas generally do not cross those of provinces (Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, Tarragona), but there are several exceptions, since the provinces are defined by the Spanish government, while comarcas are defined by the Catalan government - notably in the case of Cerdanya which is split into two between the provinces of Lleida and Girona (most other cases involve only one or two municipalities).
Aran, which is included here, is officially not a comarca but a "unique territorial entity" with additional powers, but unofficially it is generally referred to as a comarca. Its current status was formalised in February 2015.
|Alt Penedès||1987||Vilafranca del Penedès||27||106,262||592.7||179.3||Barcelona||Yes|
|Alt Urgell||1987||La Seu d'Urgell||19||20,878||1,447.5||14.4||Lleida||Yes|
|Alta Ribagorça||1988||El Pont de Suert||3||3,873||426.8||9.1||Lleida||No|
|Aran||1987||Vielha e Mijaran||9||9,993||633.5||15.8||Lleida||No|
|Baix Empordà||1987||La Bisbal d'Empordà||36||132,886||701.8||189.4||Girona||Yes|
|Baix Llobregat||1987||Sant Feliu de Llobregat||30||806,249||486.2||1,658.3||Barcelona||No|
|Baix Penedès||1987||El Vendrell||14||100,262||296.4||338.3||Tarragona||Yes|
|Conca de Barberà||1987||Montblanc||22||20,723||650.2||31.9||Tarragona||Yes|
|Garraf||1987||Vilanova i la Geltrú||6||145,886||185.1||788.1||Barcelona||Yes|
|Garrigues||1987||Les Borges Blanques||24||19,762||797.7||24.8||Lleida||Yes|
|Pla de l'Estany||1988||Banyoles||11||31,554||262.8||120.1||Girona||Yes|
|Ribera d'Ebre||1987||Móra d'Ebre||14||22,925||827.1||27.7||Tarragona||Yes|
|Selva||1987||Santa Coloma de Farners||26||170,249||994.9||171.1||Girona, Barcelona||Yes|
|Vallès Occidental||1987||Sabadell, Terrassa||23||899,532||583.1||1,542.7||Barcelona||Yes|
|• Total: 42||948||7,518,903||32,108.0||234.2||38 (90%)|
Comarcal revisions have taken place in 1988 (creation of Pla d'Estany, Pla d'Urgell, and Alta Ribagorça), 1990 (various adjustments), and May 2015 (creation of Moianès). The Catalan government's "Report on the revision of Catalonia's territorial organisation model" (the Roca Report), published in 2000, recommends many more changes to comarques, which have not yet been adopted except for the 2015 creation of Moianès. The other proposed new comarcas are: Vall de Camprodon (capital at Camprodon), Selva Marítima (capital at Blanes), Alta Segarra (capital at Calaf), Segre Mitjà (capital at Ponts), and Baix Llobregat Nord (capital at Martorell).
In a non-binding referendum in July 2015, a majority of municipalities of the Lluçanès region of Osona voted to join a proposed new comarca of that name. The partial approval was seen as insufficient and the plan had not been put to parliament by the end of 2015.
|Date||From comarca||To comarca||Municipalities|
|1988||Gironès||Pla de l'Estany||Banyoles, Camós, Cornellà del Terri, Crespià, Esponellà, Fontcoberta, Palol de Revardit, Porqueres, Sant Miquel de Campmajor, Serinyà, Vilademuls|
|1988||Urgell||Pla d'Urgell||Barbens, Castellnou de Seana, Ivars d'Urgell, Vilanova de Bellpuig, Vila-sana|
|1988||Segrià||Pla d'Urgell||Bell-lloc d'Urgell, Fondarella, Golmés, Miralcamp, Mollerussa, El Palau d'Anglesola, Sidamon|
|1988||Noguera||Pla d'Urgell||Bellvís, Linyola, El Poal|
|1988||Pallars Jussà||Alta Ribagorça||Barruera (La Vall de Boí), El Pont de Suert, Vilaller|
|1990||Noguera||Segrià||Alfarràs, La Portella|
|1990||Vallès Occidental||Vallès Oriental||Caldes de Montbui|
|1990||Garraf||Alt Penedès||Castellet i la Gornal, Olesa de Bonesvalls|
|1990||Barcelonès||Baix Llobregat||Esplugues de Llobregat, Sant Just Desvern|
|1990||Tarragonès||Alt Camp||Els Garidells|
|1990||Alt Camp||Baix Penedès||Masllorenç|
|1990||Ripollès||Osona||Montesquiu, Santa Maria de Besora, Sant Quirze de Besora, Vidrà|
|1990||Urgell||Segarra||Montornès de Segarra|
|1990||Baix Ebre||Montsià||Sant Jaume d'Enveja|
|1990||Segarra||Conca de Barberà||Vallfogona de Riucorb|
|1994||-||Vallès Occidental||Badia del Vallès|
|2015||Bages||Moianès||Calders, L'Estany, Moià, Monistrol de Calders, Santa Maria d'Oló|
|2015||Vallès Oriental||Moianès||Castellcir, Castellterçol, Granera, Sant Quirze Safaja|
There are some other comarques which are often referred as historical comarques of Catalonia, because their present territory was part of the former Principality of Catalonia, but they are now in Northern Catalonia, part of France.
|Rosselló (Roussillon)||Perpinyà (Perpignan)|
|Alta Cerdanya||Font-romeu (Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via)|
|Capcir||Els Angles (Les Angles)|
|Conflent||Prada de Conflent (Prades)|
Alta Ribagorça (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈaltə riβəˈɣoɾsə]) is one of the comarques of Catalonia, Spain. Its capital is Pont de Suert. The highest peak is the Comaloformo (3030 metres above sea level) in the massif of Bessiberri. Northeast of the region is the western part of the National Aiguas Tortas and Lake of San Mauricio. It is connected with the Aran valley thorough the Vielha tunnel.
The Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.(Nov. 30, 2000). . In the North-East of the area there is the Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park, which attracts an important number of visitors.
The local Ribagorçan dialect is a variant of Catalan, which has some transitional traits to Aragonese.
Farthest east point: 0° 58' 27,80" East longitude.
Farthest west point: 0° 41' 30,24" East longitude.
Farthest north point: 42° 37' 58,88" North latitude.
Farthest south point: 42° 18' 0,07" North latitude.Highest point: Comaloformo (3030 m) in the Bessiberri Range.Anoia
Anoia (Catalan pronunciation: [əˈnɔjə]) is a comarca (county) in central Catalonia, Spain, with its capital at Igualada.
The comarca of l'Anoia is irrigated by the Anoia River; the leading industry is the making of paper.
To the north are Solsonès and Bages, to the west, Baix Llobregat to the south Baix Penedès and Alt Camp, and to the east Conca de Barberà and Segarra.Bages
Bages is a comarca (county) in the center of Catalonia, Spain. It includes a subcomarca, Lluçanès.
Industries include the mining of potash at Súria and Sallent, and the manufacture of textiles along the rivers Llobregat and Cardener. Agriculture includes vineyards, cereals, and olive groves.
To the north are Berguedà and (running clockwise) Osona, Moianès, and Vallès Occidental. To the south are Baix Llobregat, l'Anoia and el Solsonès.
In May 2015, Bages lost five municipalities - Calders, L'Estany, Moià, Monistrol de Calders, Santa Maria d'Oló - to the new comarca of Moianès.Baix Ebre
Baix Ebre (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈbaʃ ˈeβɾə], "Lower Ebre") is a comarca (county), on the coast in southern Catalonia.Baix Empordà
Baix Empordà (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈbaʒ əmpuɾˈða], "Lower Empordà") is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. It is one of the two into which Empordà was divided in the comarcal division of 1936, the other one being Alt Empordà. It is popularly known as L'Empordanet ("the Little Empordà").Barcelonès
Barcelonès (Catalan pronunciation: [bəɾsəluˈnɛs]) is the most economically important comarca (county) of Catalonia, Spain. Its capital is Barcelona, which is also the capital of Catalonia.Comarcas of Spain
In Spain traditionally and historically, some autonomous communities are also divided into comarcas (Spanish: [koˈmaɾkas], sing. comarca).Some comarcas (e.g. in Catalonia or in Aragon) have a clearly defined status, are regulated by law and even their comarcal councils have some power.
In some other cases (e.g. La Carballeda) their legal status is not very formal for they correspond to natural areas, like valleys, river basins and mountainous areas, or even to historical regions overlapping different provinces and ancient kingdoms (e.g. Ilercavonia). In such comarcas or natural regions municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in mancomunidad (commonwealth), like the Taula del Sénia, the only legal formula that has allowed those comarcas to manage their public municipal resources meaningfully.
There is even a comarca, the Cerdanya that is divided between two states, the southwestern half being counted as a comarca of Spain, while the northeastern half is part of France.
In English, a comarca is equivalent to a district, county, area or zone.Garraf
Garraf, better known as El Garraf, is a comarca (county) in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, northern Spain.
It is named after the Garraf Massif.Garrigues (comarca)
Les Garrigues is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. Its capital is Les Borges Blanques. Its symbol (on the flag and shield in the right panel) is an olive branch, Les Garrigues being the center of olive cultivation (most of it without the necessity of irrigation) in all of Catalonia. Maresme
Maresme (Catalan pronunciation: [məˈɾɛzmə]) is a comarca (county) located along the Catalan Mediterranean coast in Spain, between the comarques of Barcelonès (at the Southwest) and Selva (at the Northeast), and also bordering with Vallès Oriental (at the west).
Its capital and largest city is Mataró (pop. 119,035 in 2007).Montsià
Montsià (Catalan pronunciation: [munsiˈa]) is the southernmost comarca (county) of Catalonia in Spain. Its capital and largest city is Amposta.Noguera
Noguera may refer to:
Noguera (comarca) is one of the Comarques of Catalonia (Spain)
Noguera (surname), a surname
Noguera Pallaresa and Noguera Ribagorçana are rivers tributary to the river Segre, in Catalonia, Spain.
Noguera de Albarracín, a town in Aragon, Spain.Noguera (comarca)
Noguera (Catalan pronunciation: [nuˈɣeɾə]) is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. It is the largest comarca and its area represents some 5,56% of Catalonia. Noguera is part of the historical county of Urgell and currently belongs to the Province of Lleida. Its capital is Balaguer.Outline of Catalonia
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Catalonia:
Catalonia – nationality and one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain, located on the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula.Pla d'Urgell
Pla d'Urgell is a comarca (county) in the interior of Catalonia, Spain.Ribera d'Ebre
Ribera d'Ebre is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. The name in Catalan refers to its location on the banks of the river Ebre, usually referred to in English by its Spanish name Ebro.Selva
Selva is a coastal comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain, located between the mountain range known as the Serralada Transversal or Puigsacalm and the Costa Brava (part of the Mediterranean coast). Unusually, it is divided between the provinces of Girona and Barcelona, with Fogars de la Selva being part of Barcelona province, and all other municipalities falling inside Girona province. Also unusually, its capital, Santa Coloma de Farners, is no longer among its larger municipalities, with the coastal towns of Blanes and Lloret de Mar having far surpassed it in size.
Selva borders the comarques of Maresme, Vallès Oriental, Osona, Garrotxa, Gironès, and Baix Empordà.Urgell
Modern-day Urgell (Catalan pronunciation: [uɾˈʒeʎ]), also known as Baix Urgell ("baix" meaning lower), is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain, forming only a borderland portion of the region historically known as Urgell, one of the Catalan counties.Vallespir
Vallespir (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌvaʎəsˈpi]) is a historical Catalan comarca of Northern Catalonia, part of the French department of Pyrénées-Orientales. The capital of the comarca is Ceret, and it borders Conflent, Rosselló, Alt Empordà, Garrotxa and Ripollès. It is in the Tech River valley. The main towns in the Vallespir are Ceret, Amelie Les Bains, Arles Sur Tech and Prats De Mollo La Preste
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