Comarques of Catalonia

This is a list of the 42 comarques (singular comarca, Catalan pronunciation: [kuˈmaɾkə]) into which Catalonia is divided. A comarca is a group of municipalities, roughly equivalent to a "county" in the U.S.A. or the U.K. However, in the context of Catalonia, the term "county" can be a bit misleading, because in medieval Catalonia, aside from the kings of Aragon, the most important rulers were counts, notably the Counts of Barcelona and of Urgell. Comarques have no particular relation to the "counties" that were ruled by counts.

Comarques de Catalunya
Present-day division of Catalonia in comarques

Overview

Although today the comarques are officially recognized, for centuries they had existed unofficially, with citizens identifying with a particular comarca in the same way that people in other parts of the world might identify with a particular region.

In some cases, comarques consist of rural areas and many small villages centering on an important town, where the people of the region traditionally go to shop or to sell their goods. This is the case of comarques such as the Pla d'Estany, centered on the town of Banyoles, or the Ripollès, centered on the town of Ripoll. In other cases, comarques are larger areas with many important population centers that have traditionally been considered part of the same region, as in the case of the Empordà or Vallès.

The current official division of Catalonia into comarques originates in an order of the semi-autonomous Catalan government under the Spanish Republic in 1936. It was superseded after the 1939 victory of Francisco Franco's forces in the Spanish Civil War, but restored in 1987 by the re-established Generalitat of Catalonia. Since the definition of comarques is traditionally a non-official and sometimes ambiguous, many new proposals have been made since the comarques were first officially designated as different towns attempt to adjust the official comarques with what they consider to be their traditional comarca. As a result, some revisions to the official division have been made periodically.

The comarca exists as a local government area, and has a representative comarcal council.

Borders of comarcas generally do not cross those of provinces (Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, Tarragona), but there are several exceptions, since the provinces are defined by the Spanish government, while comarcas are defined by the Catalan government - notably in the case of Cerdanya which is split into two between the provinces of Lleida and Girona (most other cases involve only one or two municipalities).

Aran, which is included here, is officially not a comarca but a "unique territorial entity" with additional powers, but unofficially it is generally referred to as a comarca. Its current status was formalised in February 2015.[1]

List of comarques

Comarca Date
created
Capital Number of
municipalities
Population
(2014)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Density Province(s) AMI
member[3]
Alt Camp 1987 Valls 23 44,578 538.2 82.8 Tarragona Yes
Alt Empordà 1987 Figueres 68 140,214 1,357.4 103.3 Girona Yes
Alt Penedès 1987 Vilafranca del Penedès 27 106,262 592.7 179.3 Barcelona Yes
Alt Urgell 1987 La Seu d'Urgell 19 20,878 1,447.5 14.4 Lleida Yes
Alta Ribagorça 1988 El Pont de Suert 3 3,873 426.8 9.1 Lleida No
Anoia 1987 Igualada 33 117,842 866.3 136.0 Barcelona Yes
Aran 1987 Vielha e Mijaran 9 9,993 633.5 15.8 Lleida No
Bages 1987 Manresa 30 175,527[4] 1,092.2[4] 160.7 Barcelona Yes
Baix Camp 1987 Reus 28 190,249 697.3 272.8 Tarragona Yes
Baix Ebre 1987 Tortosa 14 80,637 1002.6 80.4 Tarragona Yes
Baix Empordà 1987 La Bisbal d'Empordà 36 132,886 701.8 189.4 Girona Yes
Baix Llobregat 1987 Sant Feliu de Llobregat 30 806,249 486.2 1,658.3 Barcelona No
Baix Penedès 1987 El Vendrell 14 100,262 296.4 338.3 Tarragona Yes
Barcelonès 1987 Barcelona 5 2,227,238 145.8 15,276.0 Barcelona No
Berguedà 1987 Berga 31 40,039 1,185.3 33.8 Barcelona, Lleida Yes
Cerdanya 1987 Puigcerdà 17 18,063 546.6 33.0 Girona, Lleida Yes
Conca de Barberà 1987 Montblanc 22 20,723 650.2 31.9 Tarragona Yes
Garraf 1987 Vilanova i la Geltrú 6 145,886 185.1 788.1 Barcelona Yes
Garrigues 1987 Les Borges Blanques 24 19,762 797.7 24.8 Lleida Yes
Garrotxa 1987 Olot 21 56,036 734.5 76.3 Girona Yes
Gironès 1987 Girona 28 185,085 575.6 321.6 Girona Yes
Maresme 1987 Mataró 30 437,919 398.6 1,098.6 Barcelona Yes
Moianès 2015 Moià 10 13,056 337.9 38.6 Barcelona Yes
Montsià 1987 Amposta 12 69,613 735.5 94.6 Tarragona Yes
Noguera 1987 Balaguer 30 39,376 1,784.1 22.1 Lleida Yes
Osona 1987 Vic 50 154,559[4] 1,245.1[4] 124.1 Barcelona, Girona Yes
Pallars Jussà 1987 Tremp 14 13,530 1,343.2 10.1 Lleida Yes
Pallars Sobirà 1987 Sort 15 7,220 1,378.0 5.2 Lleida Yes
Pla de l'Estany 1988 Banyoles 11 31,554 262.8 120.1 Girona Yes
Pla d'Urgell 1988 Mollerussa 16 37,128 305.2 121.7 Lleida Yes
Priorat 1987 Falset 23 9,550 498.7 19.1 Tarragona Yes
Ribera d'Ebre 1987 Móra d'Ebre 14 22,925 827.1 27.7 Tarragona Yes
Ripollès 1987 Ripoll 19 25,700 956.6 26.9 Girona Yes
Segarra 1987 Cervera 21 22,713 722.8 31.4 Lleida Yes
Segrià 1987 Lleida 38 209,768 1,396.4 150.2 Lleida Yes
Selva 1987 Santa Coloma de Farners 26 170,249 994.9 171.1 Girona, Barcelona Yes
Solsonès 1987 Solsona 15 13,497 1001.1 13.5 Lleida Yes
Tarragonès 1987 Tarragona 22 250,306 319.2 784.2 Tarragona Yes
Terra Alta 1987 Gandesa 12 12,119 743.0 16.3 Tarragona Yes
Urgell 1987 Tàrrega 20 36,526 579.6 63.0 Lleida Yes
Vallès Occidental 1987 Sabadell, Terrassa 23 899,532 583.1 1,542.7 Barcelona Yes
Vallès Oriental 1987 Granollers 39 399,781[4] 734.5[4] 544.3 Barcelona Yes
• Total: 42 948 7,518,903 32,108.0[5][6] 234.2 38 (90%)

Comarcal revisions

Comarcal revisions have taken place in 1988 (creation of Pla d'Estany, Pla d'Urgell, and Alta Ribagorça),[7] 1990 (various adjustments),[8] and May 2015 (creation of Moianès).[9] The Catalan government's "Report on the revision of Catalonia's territorial organisation model" (the Roca Report), published in 2000, recommends many more changes to comarques, which have not yet been adopted except for the 2015 creation of Moianès.[10] The other proposed new comarcas are: Vall de Camprodon (capital at Camprodon), Selva Marítima (capital at Blanes), Alta Segarra (capital at Calaf), Segre Mitjà (capital at Ponts), and Baix Llobregat Nord (capital at Martorell).

In a non-binding referendum in July 2015, a majority of municipalities of the Lluçanès region of Osona voted to join a proposed new comarca of that name. The partial approval was seen as insufficient and the plan had not been put to parliament by the end of 2015.[11]

Date From comarca To comarca Municipalities
1988 Gironès Pla de l'Estany Banyoles, Camós, Cornellà del Terri, Crespià, Esponellà, Fontcoberta, Palol de Revardit, Porqueres, Sant Miquel de Campmajor, Serinyà, Vilademuls
1988 Urgell Pla d'Urgell Barbens, Castellnou de Seana, Ivars d'Urgell, Vilanova de Bellpuig, Vila-sana
1988 Segrià Pla d'Urgell Bell-lloc d'Urgell, Fondarella, Golmés, Miralcamp, Mollerussa, El Palau d'Anglesola, Sidamon
1988 Noguera Pla d'Urgell Bellvís, Linyola, El Poal
1988 Garrigues Pla d'Urgell Torregrossa
1988 Pallars Jussà Alta Ribagorça Barruera (La Vall de Boí), El Pont de Suert, Vilaller
1990 Noguera Segrià Alfarràs, La Portella
1990 Priorat Baix Camp Arbolí
1990 Tarragonès Baix Penedès Bonastre
1990 Vallès Occidental Vallès Oriental Caldes de Montbui
1990 Garraf Alt Penedès Castellet i la Gornal, Olesa de Bonesvalls
1990 Barcelonès Baix Llobregat Esplugues de Llobregat, Sant Just Desvern
1990 Tarragonès Alt Camp Els Garidells
1990 Alt Camp Baix Penedès Masllorenç
1990 Anoia Solsonès La Molsosa
1990 Ripollès Osona Montesquiu, Santa Maria de Besora, Sant Quirze de Besora, Vidrà
1990 Urgell Segarra Montornès de Segarra
1990 Baix Ebre Montsià Sant Jaume d'Enveja
1990 Segarra Conca de Barberà Vallfogona de Riucorb
1994 - Vallès Occidental Badia del Vallès
2015 Bages Moianès Calders, L'Estany, Moià, Monistrol de Calders, Santa Maria d'Oló
2015 Vallès Oriental Moianès Castellcir, Castellterçol, Granera, Sant Quirze Safaja
2015 Osona Moianès Collsuspina
2015 - Gironès Medinyà
2017 Gironès - Medinyà

Historical comarques

There are some other comarques which are often referred as historical comarques of Catalonia, because their present territory was part of the former Principality of Catalonia, but they are now in Northern Catalonia, part of France.

Comarca Capital
Rosselló (Roussillon) Perpinyà (Perpignan)
Alta Cerdanya Font-romeu (Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via)
Capcir Els Angles (Les Angles)
Vallespir Ceret (Céret)
Conflent Prada de Conflent (Prades)

See also

References

  1. ^ "LLEI 1/2015, del 5 de febrer, del règim especial d'Aran" (PDF) (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. 2015-02-13. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  2. ^ a b "El municipi en xifres". Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya. Retrieved 2015-05-25.
  3. ^ "Municipis Adherits". Association of Municipalities for Independence. Retrieved 2015-11-02.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Adjusted following creation of Moianès
  5. ^ "Indicadors geogràfics. Superfície, densitat i entitats de població: Catalunya". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
  6. ^ The total of the figures above is 32,107.1. The difference may be due to rounding.
  7. ^ "Llei 5/1988, de 28 de març, de creació de les comarques del Pla de l'Estany, del Pla d'Urgell i de l'Alta Ribagorça" (in Catalan). Generalitat de Catalunya. 1988-03-28. Retrieved 2015-05-25.
  8. ^ "Llei 3/1990, de 8 de gener, de modificació de la divisió comarcal de Catalunya" (in Catalan). Generalitat de Catalunya. 2015-05-25. Retrieved 2015-05-25.
  9. ^ "El Parlament aprova la llei de creació del Moianès amb els vots en contra de Ciutadans i l'abstenció del PP" (in Catalan). La Vanguardia. 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
  10. ^ Miquel Roca i Junyent; et al. (December 2000). "Informe sobre la revisió del Model d'organització territorial de Catalunya" (PDF) (in Catalan). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-16.
  11. ^ "El Lluçanès serà la comarca número 43 de Catalunya: el 'sí' guanya en vuit dels 13 municipis". Ara. 2015-07-26. Retrieved 2015-07-27.

External links

  • (in Catalan) The Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya is an excellent source of statistical information for Catalonia, down to the level of individual municipalities. It is also our source for which municipalities are in which comarca. Parts of the site are in English and Spanish, although most of it is in Catalan.
  • (in Catalan) History of present comarcal division. Catalonia, La Franja and Northern Catalonia.
Alta Ribagorça

Alta Ribagorça (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈaltə riβəˈɣoɾsə]) is one of the comarques of Catalonia, Spain. Its capital is Pont de Suert. The highest peak is the Comaloformo (3030 metres above sea level) in the massif of Bessiberri. Northeast of the region is the western part of the National Aiguas Tortas and Lake of San Mauricio. It is connected with the Aran valley thorough the Vielha tunnel.

The Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.(Nov. 30, 2000). [1]. In the North-East of the area there is the Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park, which attracts an important number of visitors.

The local Ribagorçan dialect is a variant of Catalan, which has some transitional traits to Aragonese.

Location:

Farthest east point: 0° 58' 27,80" East longitude.

Farthest west point: 0° 41' 30,24" East longitude.

Farthest north point: 42° 37' 58,88" North latitude.

Farthest south point: 42° 18' 0,07" North latitude.Highest point: Comaloformo (3030 m) in the Bessiberri Range.

Anoia

Anoia (Catalan pronunciation: [əˈnɔjə]) is a comarca (county) in central Catalonia, Spain, with its capital at Igualada.

The comarca of l'Anoia is irrigated by the Anoia River; the leading industry is the making of paper.

To the north are Solsonès and Bages, to the west, Baix Llobregat to the south Baix Penedès and Alt Camp, and to the east Conca de Barberà and Segarra.

Bages

Bages is a comarca (county) in the center of Catalonia, Spain. It includes a subcomarca, Lluçanès.

Industries include the mining of potash at Súria and Sallent, and the manufacture of textiles along the rivers Llobregat and Cardener. Agriculture includes vineyards, cereals, and olive groves.

To the north are Berguedà and (running clockwise) Osona, Moianès, and Vallès Occidental. To the south are Baix Llobregat, l'Anoia and el Solsonès.

In May 2015, Bages lost five municipalities - Calders, L'Estany, Moià, Monistrol de Calders, Santa Maria d'Oló - to the new comarca of Moianès.

Baix Ebre

Baix Ebre (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈbaʃ ˈeβɾə], "Lower Ebre") is a comarca (county), on the coast in southern Catalonia.

Baix Empordà

Baix Empordà (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈbaʒ əmpuɾˈða], "Lower Empordà") is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. It is one of the two into which Empordà was divided in the comarcal division of 1936, the other one being Alt Empordà. It is popularly known as L'Empordanet ("the Little Empordà").

Barcelonès

Barcelonès (Catalan pronunciation: [bəɾsəluˈnɛs]) is the most economically important comarca (county) of Catalonia, Spain. Its capital is Barcelona, which is also the capital of Catalonia.

Comarcas of Spain

In Spain traditionally and historically, some autonomous communities are also divided into comarcas (Spanish: [koˈmaɾkas], sing. comarca).Some comarcas (e.g. in Catalonia or in Aragon) have a clearly defined status, are regulated by law and even their comarcal councils have some power.

In some other cases (e.g. La Carballeda) their legal status is not very formal for they correspond to natural areas, like valleys, river basins and mountainous areas, or even to historical regions overlapping different provinces and ancient kingdoms (e.g. Ilercavonia). In such comarcas or natural regions municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in mancomunidad (commonwealth), like the Taula del Sénia, the only legal formula that has allowed those comarcas to manage their public municipal resources meaningfully.

There is even a comarca, the Cerdanya that is divided between two states, the southwestern half being counted as a comarca of Spain, while the northeastern half is part of France.

In English, a comarca is equivalent to a district, county, area or zone.

Garraf

Garraf, better known as El Garraf, is a comarca (county) in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, northern Spain.

It is named after the Garraf Massif.

Garrigues (comarca)

Les Garrigues is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. Its capital is Les Borges Blanques. Its symbol (on the flag and shield in the right panel) is an olive branch, Les Garrigues being the center of olive cultivation (most of it without the necessity of irrigation) in all of Catalonia. [1]

Maresme

Maresme (Catalan pronunciation: [məˈɾɛzmə]) is a comarca (county) located along the Catalan Mediterranean coast in Spain, between the comarques of Barcelonès (at the Southwest) and Selva (at the Northeast), and also bordering with Vallès Oriental (at the west).

Its capital and largest city is Mataró (pop. 119,035 in 2007).

Montsià

Montsià (Catalan pronunciation: [munsiˈa]) is the southernmost comarca (county) of Catalonia in Spain. Its capital and largest city is Amposta.

Noguera

Noguera may refer to:

Noguera (comarca) is one of the Comarques of Catalonia (Spain)

Noguera (surname), a surname

Noguera Pallaresa and Noguera Ribagorçana are rivers tributary to the river Segre, in Catalonia, Spain.

Noguera de Albarracín, a town in Aragon, Spain.

Noguera (comarca)

Noguera (Catalan pronunciation: [nuˈɣeɾə]) is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. It is the largest comarca and its area represents some 5,56% of Catalonia. Noguera is part of the historical county of Urgell and currently belongs to the Province of Lleida. Its capital is Balaguer.

Outline of Catalonia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Catalonia:

Catalonia – nationality and one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain, located on the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula.

Pla d'Urgell

Pla d'Urgell is a comarca (county) in the interior of Catalonia, Spain.

Ribera d'Ebre

Ribera d'Ebre is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. The name in Catalan refers to its location on the banks of the river Ebre, usually referred to in English by its Spanish name Ebro.

Selva

Selva is a coastal comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain, located between the mountain range known as the Serralada Transversal or Puigsacalm and the Costa Brava (part of the Mediterranean coast). Unusually, it is divided between the provinces of Girona and Barcelona, with Fogars de la Selva being part of Barcelona province, and all other municipalities falling inside Girona province. Also unusually, its capital, Santa Coloma de Farners, is no longer among its larger municipalities, with the coastal towns of Blanes and Lloret de Mar having far surpassed it in size.

Selva borders the comarques of Maresme, Vallès Oriental, Osona, Garrotxa, Gironès, and Baix Empordà.

Urgell

Modern-day Urgell (Catalan pronunciation: [uɾˈʒeʎ]), also known as Baix Urgell ("baix" meaning lower), is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain, forming only a borderland portion of the region historically known as Urgell, one of the Catalan counties.

Vallespir

Vallespir (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌvaʎəsˈpi]) is a historical Catalan comarca of Northern Catalonia, part of the French department of Pyrénées-Orientales. The capital of the comarca is Ceret, and it borders Conflent, Rosselló, Alt Empordà, Garrotxa and Ripollès. It is in the Tech River valley. The main towns in the Vallespir are Ceret, Amelie Les Bains, Arles Sur Tech and Prats De Mollo La Preste

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