Colquhoun Grant (British cavalry general)

Lieutenant General Sir John Colquhoun Grant KCB GCH (1764 – 20 December 1835) was a British soldier.

John Colquhoun Grant
Nickname(s)The Black Giant
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchUnited Kingdom British Army
Years of service1793 to 1835
RankBritish Army lieutenant-general
Battles/warsFrench Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Wars

Military career

Sir Colquhoun Grant[note 1] joined the 36th Foot as an ensign in 1793, exchanging (some years later) to the cavalry (25th Light Dragoons), with which he served at Seringapatam, but returning to the infantry in 1802 to command the 72nd Foot, which he led for six years. In 1806, at the head of his regiment he joined Sir David Baird's expedition to the Cape of Good Hope and on 8 January was wounded in action against the Batavian army at the Battle of Blaauwberg. On announcing the victory of the British in despatches Baird remarked:

"Your lordship will perceive the name of Lt.-Col. Grant among the wounded ; but the heroic spirit of this officer was not subdued by his misfortune, and he continued to lead his men to glory as long as an enemy was opposed to the 72nd Regt."[1]

He exchanged to the 15th Hussars in 1808, and took part in Sir John Moore's expedition to the Peninsular, being wounded at Sahagún fighting the French. He returned to Spain in January 1813, in command of a cavalry brigade, which saw action at the Battle of Morales.[2] He continued to serve in this capacity, with one interruption, until the end of the Peninsular campaign. Wellington was less than impressed with the performance of Grant's hussar brigade at the Battle of Vitoria and Grant was eventually replaced in command. However, Grant's political influence meant that he soon returned to the Peninsular to take over command of the light dragoon brigade of Robert Ballard Long. He was appointed KCB in 1814. At Waterloo, Grant commanded the 5th Cavalry Brigade, consisting of the 7th and 15th Hussars with the 13th Light Dragoons attached, which was stationed in the centre of the allied position; during the battle he had five horses shot under him.[3] Grant was promoted to lieutenant-general in 1830,[4] and he served as a Tory Member of Parliament (MP) for the rotten borough of Queenborough from 1831 until the borough was disenfranchised under the Reform Act 1832.[5]

Grant was a groom of the bedchamber to Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, later King of Hanover. He was reputed to have been the strongest man in the British Army, and was given the nickname "The Black Giant."[note 2] He was appointed colonel of the 12th (The Prince of Wales's) Royal Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Lancers) in 1825. He transferred to the 15th (The King's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Hussars) in 1827, succeeding the Duke of Cumberland, a post he held until his death.

Personal life

Grant died in 1835. he had married Marcia, daughter of the Reverend J. Richards, of Long Bredy, Dorset. Their only surviving child, Marcia, eloped with Whig politician Richard Brinsley Sheridan in May 1835. [6]


  1. ^ In common with a number of contemporaries, such as Sir Richard Hussey Vivian, he made use of a distinctive middle name in place of a common first name when knighted.
  2. ^ The nickname became popular when he commanded the hussar brigade in 1813, his towering frame and swarthy looks contrasted with the appearance of his constant companion, a diminutive red-headed brigade major. The descriptive phrase "The Black Giant with his Red Dwarf" became commonplace within the brigade.


  1. ^ Dalton 1904, p. 23.
  2. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine. W. Pickering. 1836.
  3. ^ Wood 1895, p. 111.
  4. ^ "No. 18709". The London Gazette. 23 July 1830. p. 1534.
  5. ^ Smith 1973, p. 523.
  6. ^ Dalton 1904, p. 23-24.


External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Gladstone
John Capel
Member of Parliament for Queenborough
With: John Capel
Constituency abolished
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir William Payne-Gallwey
Colonel of the 12th (The Prince of Wales's)
Royal Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Lancers)

Succeeded by
Sir Hussey Vivian
Preceded by
The Duke of Cumberland
Colonel of the 15th (The King's)
Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Hussars)

Succeeded by
Sir Robert Thomas Wilson
Colquhoun Grant

Colquhoun Grant may be:

Colquhoun Grant (British intelligence officer) (1780–1829), British Army intelligence officer

Sir Colquhoun Grant (British cavalry general) (1764–1835), British Army cavalry general and MP

Walter Colquhoun Grant (1822–1861), British Army officer and a pioneer settler in British Columbia.

Grant (name)

Grant can be both a surname and a given name. The name is of English and Scottish origin, and there are several possible origins for the name.

One possible origin of the name is from a nickname derived from the Anglo-Norman graund, graunt ("tall", "large"). This in turn was derived from the Old French grand, grant, which was originally derived from the Latin grandis. This nickname was likely given to a person of remarkable size or merely to distinguish two persons bearing the same name.

Another possible origin of the surname is from a medieval personal name ultimately derived from the Old English byname Granta, which might have meant "snarler".

The surname may also be an alternate spelling of the German Grandt or Grand.

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