Colotti Trasmissioni

Colotti Trasmissioni (Colotti Transmission) is an Italian mechanical engineering firm located in Modena, Italy. It specializes in gears, limited-slip differentials and transmission systems for racing cars.

History 1958-1979

Valerio Colotti, who is famous as the chassis designer/engineer of Maserati 250F, started his own company called Tec-Mec in 1958. One of the first achievements was the design and manufacture of differential gear set/housing for Rob Walker, which solidified his reputation in the Grand Prix circles.

After building a GP car for Jean Behra, which became known as Behra-Porsche, Colotti built his own Grand Prix car named Tec-Mec F415, based on Maserati 250F in 1959, with Fritz d'Orey as the driver who finished 10th at 1959 French Grand Prix. At about the same time, Alf Francis, the Chief Engineer at Rob Walker Racing, started working with Colotti, changing the Tec-Mec name to Colotti-Francis.

Colotti-Francis was responsible for a Formula Junior car named T.C.A.(Trips Colotti Automobili) built for Graf von Trips, but this project ended with Trips' death at 1961 Italian Grand Prix held at Monza, where his Ferrari 156 collided with Jim Clark's Lotus 21, when a 3rd-place finish would have secured Count Trips the first ever Grand Prix World Championship title for a German, which did not materialize until 1994.

Rob Walker asked Colotti to analyse and modify the front suspension of two Lotus racing cars belonging to Rob Walker Racing, and the plausible result prompted Rob Walker to let Colotti review the design of his own Grand Prix car, Walker Special, which was being built at the time. With the new 1.5 Liter Formula One regulation going into effect for the 1960 season, Colotti designed and built T.32 5 speed and T.34 6 speed transaxles, which weighed less than 35 kg, suitable for lower-torque high-rev 1.5 Liter engines mounted behind the driver.

Outside of racing field, Colotti worked under the name G.S.D. (Gear Speed Developments), such as on a transmission of a Hovercraft for Britten-Norman of Isle of Wight, and a power take-off/transfer system for the mixer drum on Cement mixer trucks, which replaced the long chain drives previously used.

Lotus 18-21 body removed
Lotus 18/21 with body removed

Francis and Colotti knew the shortage of limited slip differential manufacturers was a big hardship experienced by Grand Prix constructors then. For example, Colin Chapman had his in-house engineers, Keith Duckworth and Mike Costin, develop the sequentially shifting transaxles for Lotus 16 and Lotus 18, which he had originally asked Richard Ansdale and Harry Mundy to design for Lotus 12. But despite these transaxles being unique and innovative, they still incorporated limited slip differentials made by ZF of Germany, which was about the only source, and the technology used was an old slip-limiting principle invented by Ferdinand Porsche in the 1930s for Auto Union GP cars.

Colotti, whose company name had become Colotti Trasmissioni (Colotti Transmission) by this time, researched the issue, developed and patented a unique mechanism called Coppia-Frenata to limit the slip on the differential gears. This limited-slip differential became popular among the Formula 1 and other racing teams, being one of the few viable alternatives to the ZF product.

Lotus 29 Indy
Lotus 29

In 1962, Colin Chapman asked Colotti to design and build a transaxle for a car designed for Indianapolis 500. This high torque specification 4 speed T.37 transaxle was designed for Small Block Ford-based engines.

On Lotus 29, which had a Ford 256 CID all-aluminium OHV pushrod V-8, based on their iron Fairlane 260 CID V-8, the T.37 was used with 2 speeds blanked off. [1] And the car went on to score the 2nd and 7th-place finishes at 1963 Indy 500 in the hands of Jim Clark and Dan Gurney, respectively.

Lola Mk6 GT front
Lola Mk6
1964 Ford GT40 proto GT.104
4th prototype Ford GT40

T.37 was, with all four drive/driven gear sets, then used by Eric Broadley on Lola Mk6, and by Ford for the Ford GT40 in the joint project with Broadley.

History 1980-Present

Gianpaolo Dallara asked Colotti Trasmissioni to develop and manufacture a racing version of the transaxle for Lancia Montecarlo, which was to be Fiat Group's FIA Group 5 weapon. Equipped with a new quick-response limited-slip differential called Duo-Block, this transaxle was very successful by winning the World Endurance Championship in 1980 and 1981, and Duo-Block was patented. [2]

Lancia Beta Montecarlo Group 5
Lancia Beta Montecarlo Group 5

Colotti Trasmissioni was also active in the Rally sector, by developing a new kind of limited-slip center differential for four wheel drive competition cars. This torque splitting/proportioning device is patented as Split-Diff.

Ferrari 125

Valerio Colotti having worked for Ferrari in the late 1940s and early 1950s, and having engineered the chassis and transmission of their first GP car of its own design under Enzo Ferrari, Aurelio Lampredi and Gioacchino Colombo, Piero Ferrari asked Colotti Trasmissioni to build an exact replica of Ferrari 125, with the original engine and drawings provided by the Maranello factory. This first-ever Ferrari-built Grand Prix car had been lost, and the completed replica currently resides in Museo Ferrari in Maranello, alongside newer Ferrari F1 machines.

Old f1
Museo Ferrari

See also

References

  1. ^ "Inside Dan Gurney's 1963 Lotus 29 Ford". Retrieved 2013-07-01.
  2. ^ "Company". Archived from the original on 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2013-06-28.

External links

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Tec-Mec

Tec-Mec (full name Studio Tecnica Meccanica) was a Formula One constructor from Italy. Founded by former Maserati designer Valerio Colotti in 1958, they participated in a single Grand Prix, scoring no World Championship points.

Tec-Mec used an improved, lightened version of the Maserati 250F, named the F415. The car was upgraded by the 250F's designer, Colotti, and financed by Lloyd Casner of Camoradi International. The team made its single outing in the 1959 United States Grand Prix, but the car, driven by Fritz d'Orey lasted six laps before retiring, having qualified 17th on the grid ahead of only the midget racer of Rodger Ward.Colotti sold the design studio at the end of the year, and the company continued to produce cars for the Formula Junior series.

Valerio Colotti

Valerio Colotti (Modena, 1925 - 19 January 2008) was an Italian automotive engineer, known for his early work with Ferrari and Maserati chassis and transmission systems.

He joined Ferrari in 1948, working under Aurelio Lampredi, followed by employment with Maserati (1953–1957), until the company dropped factory works racing. In 1958 he started his own company, known as Tec-Mec (Studio Tecnica Meccanica).

Tec-Mec, assisted by Giorgio Scarlatti, attempted at the tipo F/415 Formula One car, mostly based on the Maserati 250F, in which Colotti had been deeply involved. There was cooperation with Behra-Porsche (1959) and others such as

Stirling Moss, who failed in his racing with Cooper T51, fitted with Colotti's, unfortunately rather unreliable, gearboxes.

Colotti's cooperation with Alf Francis lead to the widely used in competition Colotti-Francis gearbox systems.

With Wolfgang von Trips he designed the Trips-Colotti-Auto Union (TCA), and later their transmissions

were used in Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale (1967).

The company is now called Colotti Trasmissioni and is run by his sons Marco and Paolo.

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