Colorado City, Arizona

Colorado City is a town in Mohave County, Arizona, United States, and is located in a region known as the Arizona Strip. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town was 4,821.[2] At least three Mormon fundamentalist sects are said to have been based there.[4]

Colorado City, Arizona
Colorado City sign
Colorado City sign
Location of Colorado City in Mohave County, Arizona
Location of Colorado City in Mohave County, Arizona
Colorado City is located in Arizona
Colorado City
Colorado City
Location in the United States
Colorado City is located in the United States
Colorado City
Colorado City
Colorado City (the United States)
Coordinates: 36°59′22″N 112°58′41″W / 36.98944°N 112.97806°WCoordinates: 36°59′22″N 112°58′41″W / 36.98944°N 112.97806°W
Country United States
State Arizona
CountyMohave
Founded1913
Area
 • Total10.34 sq mi (26.78 km2)
 • Land10.33 sq mi (26.76 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
4,977 ft (1,517 m)
Population
 • Total4,821
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
4,818
 • Density466.36/sq mi (180.06/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
ZIP code
86021
Area code(s)928
FIPS code04-14870
Websitewww.tocc.us

History

Colorado City, formerly known as Short Creek (or the Short Creek Community), was founded in 1913[5] by members of the Council of Friends, a breakaway group from the Salt Lake City-based The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). The Council of Friends membership desired a remote location where they could practice plural marriage, which had been publicly abandoned by the LDS Church in 1890. On July 26, 1953, Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle sent troops into the settlement to stop polygamy in what became known as the Short Creek raid. The two-year legal battle that followed became a public relations disaster that damaged Pyle's political career and set a hands-off tone toward the town in Arizona for the next 50 years.[6]

After the death of Joseph W. Musser, the community split into two groups: the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints stayed in Short Creek, while the Apostolic United Brethren relocated to Bluffdale, Utah. The FLDS changed the name of the community to Colorado City (on the Arizona side of the border) and Hildale (on the Utah side) to eliminate any ties to the Short Creek raids.[5]

In January 2004, local FLDS fundamentalist leader, Warren Jeffs, expelled a group of 20 men, including the mayor, and gave their wives and children to other men. Jeffs, now a convicted sexual predator, stated he was acting on the orders of God, while the men expelled claimed they were penalized for disagreeing with Jeffs. Observers stated that this was the most severe split to date within the community other than the split between Colorado City and Centennial Park. According to the Utah attorney general's office, this was not the first time Jeffs was accused of expelling men from the community; as many as 400 young men are estimated to have been expelled by Jeffs from 2001–2006. Most were removed for failing to follow Jeffs' rules, or for dating women without his permission. Many of these expelled men and boys were very naïve and sheltered, often wound up homeless in nearby towns such as Hurricane, Utah and St. George, Utah. Jeffs was placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted list and eventually arrested on August 28, 2006.[7]

Most of the property in the town was owned by the United Effort Plan, a real estate trust of the FLDS. In 2007 the state authorities began dismantling church ownership of Colorado City lands.[8] The FLDS church retaliated and indoctrinated their followers against the state, believing they were being targeted because of their beliefs. The FLDS followers became further secluded as a result. Most of the remaining FLDS view their leader, Warren Jeffs, as a martyr.

On April 6, 2010, law enforcement officials in Mohave County, Arizona, and Washington County, Utah, served five search warrants seeking records from town officers. The warrants were served on government officials and departments, including the Town Manager, David Darger, as well as Colorado City's fire chief Jacob Barlow. As a result of the initial warrants, the Hildale-Colorado City Department of Public Safety was shut down, and emergency responders were prohibited from responding to calls without the approval of county officials. Firefighter Glen Jeffs indicated that the warrants referenced "misuse of funds."[9][10]

In response to a civil rights lawsuit by the United States Justice Department alleging that the Colorado City government, including law enforcement, was taking orders from the FLDS Church, Arizona Attorney General Tom Horne announced in July 2012 that he was allocating funding to allow the Mohave County Sheriff's Department to provide daily patrols in the town.[11]

On March 20, 2014, a jury hearing the case of Cooke et al v. Colorado City, Town of et al[12] ruled that the towns of Colorado City and Hildale had discriminated against Ronald and Jinjer Cooke because they were not members of the FLDS Church.[13] The Cookes were awarded $5.2 million for "religious discrimination".[13] The Cooke family moved to the Short Creek area in 2008 but were refused access to utilities by the towns of Colorado City and Hildale.[14] As a result of the ruling, Arizona's Attorney General Tom Horne issued a press release stating that he "wants to eradicate discrimination in two polygamous towns" and believes that the court ruling will give him the tools to do it.[15]

Geography and climate

Scenery-Colorado-City
The landscape surrounding Colorado City in 2014

Colorado City is located at 36°59′22″N 112°58′41″W / 36.98944°N 112.97806°W (36.989580, -112.978044).[16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27 km2), of which 10.5 square miles (27 km2) is land and 0.100% is water.

Colorado City has the typical cool semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) of the interior Mountain West, with very warm to hot summers and cool to cold winters, typified by very large diurnal temperature ranges throughout most of the year. The hottest day on record has been July 5, 1985 with 108 °F (42 °C). Rainfall is lowest from April to June, but is never particularly high on average, though during strong extratropical low pressure systems, as much as 5 inches (130 mm) may occasionally fall during a month.[17] The wettest year has been 1998 with 26.36 inches (669.5 mm), though only 2005 has otherwise received over 20 inches (508 mm), whilst the driest year since 1963 has been 2009 with 6.45 inches (163.8 mm).[17] Snowfall is relatively light; the most in a month was in January 1982 with 29.0 inches (0.74 m) and that winter had the most for a year with 46.50 inches (1.181 m). The highest daily snow depth was however on February 2, 1979 with 13 inches (0.33 m).

Climate data for Colorado City, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
78
(26)
87
(31)
90
(32)
97
(36)
105
(41)
108
(42)
105
(41)
98
(37)
92
(33)
80
(27)
69
(21)
108
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 48.7
(9.3)
53.7
(12.1)
58.9
(14.9)
66.7
(19.3)
76.2
(24.6)
87.2
(30.7)
92.4
(33.6)
90.0
(32.2)
83.5
(28.6)
72.5
(22.5)
58.7
(14.8)
50.3
(10.2)
69.9
(21.1)
Average low °F (°C) 23.2
(−4.9)
27.8
(−2.3)
31.6
(−0.2)
37.3
(2.9)
45.8
(7.7)
54.5
(12.5)
61.1
(16.2)
59.9
(15.5)
52.9
(11.6)
41.3
(5.2)
30.1
(−1.1)
23.2
(−4.9)
40.7
(4.9)
Record low °F (°C) −9
(−23)
−4
(−20)
6
(−14)
13
(−11)
22
(−6)
28
(−2)
43
(6)
46
(8)
29
(−2)
6
(−14)
1
(−17)
−9
(−23)
−9
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.40
(36)
1.41
(36)
1.69
(43)
0.92
(23)
0.69
(18)
0.41
(10)
1.31
(33)
1.63
(41)
1.15
(29)
1.02
(26)
1.15
(29)
0.79
(20)
13.57
(344)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.1
(15)
3.8
(9.7)
3.3
(8.4)
1.5
(3.8)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
2.7
(6.9)
3.7
(9.4)
21.9
(55.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 5.7 6.2 7.0 4.0 3.6 2.1 5.5 6.6 4.2 4.7 4.5 4.4 58.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 2.5 2.2 2.1 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.0 1.7 10.4
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[18]

Demographics

Colorado-City-Mormons
Young FLDS girls wearing traditional clothing and doing community chores, 2014
Historical population
Census Pop.
19801,439
19902,42668.6%
20003,33437.4%
20104,82144.6%
Est. 20164,818[3]−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,334 people, 444 households, and 417 families residing in the town. The population density was 317.3 people per square mile (122.5/km²). There were 457 housing units at an average density of 43.5 per square mile (16.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.85% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.09% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.91% of the population.

Of the 444 households, 83.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 85.8% were married couples living together, 3.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 5.9% were non-families. 4.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 7.51 and the average family size was 7.58. Colorado City had the fourth-highest household size in the nation, based on the 2012 5-Year American Community Survey count of an average household size of 8.04 people by zip code tabulation area.[20]

In the town, the population was spread out with 60.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 6.3% from 45 to 64, and 1.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 14 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,826, and the median income for a family was $32,344. Males had a median income of $24,429 versus $22,969 for females. The per capita income for the town was $5,293. About 29.0% of families and 31.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.5% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

The Colorado City/Hildale, Utah area has the world's highest incidence of fumarase deficiency, an extremely rare genetic condition which causes severe Intellectual disability. Geneticists attribute this to the prevalence of cousin marriage between descendants of two of the town's founders, Joseph Smith Jessop and John Y. Barlow; at least half the double community's roughly 8,000 inhabitants are descended from one or both.[21]

Government and infrastructure

ColoradoCityAZPostoffice
Colorado City, AZ/Hildale, UT Post Office

The United States Postal Service operates the Colorado City, AZ/Hildale, UT Post Office in Colorado City.[22]

Education

MCCNorthMohave
Mohave Community College North Mohave Campus

Colorado City is a part of the Colorado City Unified School District. There is only one school, the El Capitan School (formerly the Colorado City K–12 Public School), in Colorado City. Many FLDS-affiliated board members resigned due to the political takeover of the district.

The Arizona state government attempted to take over the district in 2005 due to mismanagement.[23][24][25]

In addition to the district public school, there is a charter school, Masada Charter School, serving students in grades K-9. The charter school is outside of the Colorado City town limits in the community of Centennial Park.

The Mohave Community College North Mohave Campus is in Colorado City.[26]

Notable people

Twin city

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Krakauer, Jon. Under the Banner of Heaven", 2003. New York: Random House, ISBN 1-4000-3280-6 p.
  5. ^ a b Zoellner, Tom (June 28, 1998), "Polygamy: Throughout its history, Colorado City has been home for those who believe in virtues of plural marriage", The Salt Lake Tribune, p. J1, Archive Article ID: 100F28A4D3D36BEC (NewsBank), archived from the original on May 5, 2000
  6. ^ Young, Neil (April 16, 2008), "Short Creek's Long Legacy", Slate, archived from the original on July 12, 2015
  7. ^ "The lost boys of Colorado City" Archived April 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine by Kimberly Sevcik, Salon, July 6, 2006.
  8. ^ Polygamists get unusual offer, CNN (AP), January 10, 2008, archived from the original on May 12, 2008
  9. ^ Demasters, Tiffany (April 6, 2010). "BREAKING NEWS: Officials shut down Hildale public safety department". The Spectrum & Daily News. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2010. (Subscription required (help)).
  10. ^ Erin Taylor (August 18, 2011). "Colorado City chief indicted". Daily Miner.
  11. ^ Newcomb, Alyssa (July 7, 2012). "Outside Police to Patrol Polygamist Community". ABC. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
  12. ^ "Cooke et al v. Colorado City, Town of et al". Arizona District Court (azd) Docket Number: 3:10-cv-08105. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  13. ^ a b Dalrymple II, Jim (March 20, 2014). "Family wins lawsuit against polygamous towns, gets millions". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  14. ^ Dobner, Jennifer (January 29, 2014). "Arizona couple living near polygamous sect sues for discrimination". Reuters. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  15. ^ Dalrymple II, Jim (March 21, 2014). "Arizona AG plans to 'eradicate' discrimination in polygamous towns". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  17. ^ a b "COLORADO CITY, ARIZONA - Climate Summary". www.wrcc.dri.edu.
  18. ^ "Climatic Averages for the United States 1971-2000: COLORADO CITY, AZ" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  20. ^ AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE OF OCCUPIED HOUSING UNITS BY TENURE. Universe: Occupied housing units. 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Geographies: Zip Code Tabulation Areas. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 21, 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Forbidden Fruit" by John Dougherty, Phoenix New Times, December 29, 2005
  22. ^ "Post Office™ Location - COLORADO CITY Archived June 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." United States Post Office. Retrieved on March 20, 2011.
  23. ^ Arizona Wants Control Of Colorado City Schools, KUTV (AP), August 11, 2005, archived from the original on September 26, 2007
  24. ^ "State officials prepare to seize control of Colorado City school district - www.azstarnet.com".
  25. ^ [1] Archived June 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "North Mohave Campus." Mohave Community College. Retrieved on March 20, 2011. "Street Address: 480 South Central, Colorado City, AZ 86021"

External links

Antelope Cave

The Antelope Cave near Colorado City, Arizona is an archeological site that was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. It was site of a prehistoric activity.The cave was rediscovered in modern times by Winferd Gubler. The cave is closed and barred and not open to the public. Antelope Cave is located in Mohave County, Arizona southwest of Colorado City and Hildale, Utah and southeast of Hurricane, Utah. It is close to a large power transmission line.It is not related to Antelope Canyon in Coconino County, Arizona.

Banking on Heaven

Banking on Heaven is a documentary film which exposes the largest polygamous enclave in the United States (located in Colorado City, Arizona) and its leader, Warren Jeffs. Banking on Heaven was written, produced, and narrated by Laurie Allen, who escaped a similar polygamous sect at age sixteen (her uncle was Ervil LeBaron).

Banking on Heaven focuses on the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (FLDS Church), a schismatic polygamous sect of the Latter Day Saint movement that (at the time of the creation of the film) existed in Colorado City, Arizona. The documentary holds interviews with many escapees as well as those that have been excommunicated from the church. The documentary also interviews law enforcement as well as Utah and Arizona State politicians and poses questions on what can be done to rescue or help the women of the FLDS.

Channel 10 virtual TV stations in the United States

The following television stations operate on virtual channel 10 in the United States:

K02NV-D in Sargents, Colorado

K04JZ in Gold Hill, Oregon

K04MG-D in Wedderburn, etc., Oregon

K04QX-D in Townsend, Montana

K06KA in Fort Jones, etc., California

K06PG-D in Laughlin, Nevada

K07OJ-D in Snowflake, Arizona

K07YJ-D in Bullhead City, Arizona

K08LG-D in Silver Lake, etc., Oregon

K08PE-D in Alamo, etc., Nevada

K08PG-D in Indian Springs, Nevada

K09VC-D in Paisley, Oregon

K10BA-D in Orondo, etc., Washington

K10BB-D in Ardenvoir, Washington

K10KM-D in Cape Girardeau, Missouri

K10LG-D in Dryden, Washington

K10MZ-D in Dolores, Colorado

K10NY-D in Ismay Canyon, Colorado

K10OD-D in Weber Canyon, Colorado

K10OG-D in Lompoc, California

K10PM-D in Breckenridge, Colorado

K10QL-D in Abilene, Texas

K12LS-D in Challis, Idaho

K12MS-D in Elko, Nevada

K12PT-D in Ryndon, Nevada

K13NQ-D in Ruth, Nevada

K13NR-D in Ely & McGill, Nevada

K13QE-D in Driggs, Idaho

K13QH-D in Swan Valley/Irwin, Idaho

K14AL-D in Ely, Nevada

K14IJ-D in Leadore, Idaho

K14MC-D in Lava Hot Springs, Idaho

K14QH-D in Butte Falls, Oregon

K15GO-D in Georgetown, Idaho

K15HU-D in Lakeview, Oregon

K15JZ-D in Applegate Valley, Oregon

K15KE-D in Klamath Falls, etc., Oregon

K16BZ-D in Ruidoso, New Mexico

K17BN-D in Needles, California

K17GK-D in Arlington, Oregon

K17JR-D in Lewiston, Idaho

K18IZ-D in Grandfield, Oklahoma

K18LJ-D in Dunsmuir, etc., California

K19BK-D in Lakeview, Oregon

K19CY-D in Rockland, Idaho

K19HH-D in Midland, etc., Oregon

K19JW-D in Mauna Loa, Hawaii

K20KT-D in Dora, New Mexico

K21JI-D in Cave Junction, etc., Oregon

K22JD-D in Madera Peak, Arizona

K23BV-D in Montpelier, Idaho

K23DO-D in Malta, Idaho

K23DX-D in Pitkin, Colorado

K23FP-D in Olivia, Minnesota

K23GK-D in Astoria, Oregon

K24FH-D in Glide, etc., Oregon

K24GE-D in Wells, Nevada

K25GM-D in Newport, Nebraska

K25JW-D in Hugo, etc., Oregon

K25LU-D in Mesquite, Nevada

K26FQ-D in John Day, Oregon

K26HY-D in Ely, Nevada

K26JR-D in Turkey, Texas

K26KQ-D in Christmas Valley, Oregon

K27EJ-D in Colorado City, Arizona

K27GM-D in Preston, Idaho

K27JK-D in Glendale, Nevada

K27KN-D in Alexandria, Minnesota

K28CS-D in Pahrump, Nevada

K28GD-D in Heppner, etc., Oregon

K28IH-D in Rainier, Oregon

K28JM-D in Waimea, Hawaii

K28JV-D in Hilo, Hawaii

K28LO-D in Paisley, Oregon

K29HB-D in Clovis, New Mexico

K29JN-D in Gold Beach, Oregon

K30JS-D in Yreka, California

K31EA-D in Littlefield, Arizona

K31HZ-D in The Dalles, etc., Oregon

K31IR-D in Grays River, Washington

K31IZ-D in Naalehu, Hawaii

K31NE-D in Williams, Arizona

K32DW-D in Chloride, Arizona

K32EH-D in Memphis, Texas

K32GD-D in Guymon, Oklahoma

K32HI-D in Neligh, Nebraska

K33CF-D in Wellington, Texas

K33FF-D in Wallace, etc., Nebraska

K33KE-D in Sargents, Colorado

K34LI-D in Jean, Nevada

K34LS-D in Seneca, Oregon

K35CE-D in Canadian, Texas

K35GW-D in Malad City, Idaho

K35II-D in South Point, Hawaii

K36AE-D in Clarkdale, Arizona

K36BA-D in Burns, Oregon

K36FG-D in Hood River, etc., Oregon

K36GU-D in Rockaway Beach, Oregon

K36MA-D in Perryton, Texas

K38IR-D in Lake Havasu City, Arizona

K38LK-D in Jacks Cabin, Colorado

K39DC-D in Parlin, Colorado

K39FC-D in East Flagstaff, Arizona

K39IT-D in Prescott, Arizona

K41CA-D in Tulia, Texas

K41JT-D in Kilauea Military Camp, Hawaii

K41KL-D in Glendale, etc., Oregon

K42AL-D in Memphis, Texas

K42CP-D in Peach Springs, Arizona

K43DS-D in Panaca, Nevada

K43ED-D in New Mobeetie, Texas

K43FX-D in O'Neill, Nebraska

K43JD-D in Rexburg, Idaho

K44AE-D in Willmar, Minnesota

K44CC-D in Gruver, Texas

K45AL-D in Caliente, Nevada

K45AO-D in Pioche, Nevada

K45DJ-D in Granite Falls, Minnesota

K45KE-D in Jacksonville, Oregon

K46BU-D in Tucumcari, New Mexico

K46BY-D in Capulin, etc., New Mexico

K47LD-D in Phoenix/Talent, Oregon

K47MH-D in Holbrook, Idaho

K48AY-D in Kingman, Arizona

K49AM-D in Lund & Preston, Nevada

K49BY-D in Clovis, New Mexico

K49EU-D in Chloride, Arizona

K49FX-D in Alamogordo, New Mexico

K49IC-D in Salmon, Idaho

K50CQ-D in Childress, Texas

K50DA-D in Ursine, Nevada

K50JT-D in Hakalau, Hawaii

K51CB-D in Clarendon, Texas

K51GJ-D in Roseburg, Oregon

K51HM-D in Soda Springs, Idaho

KAKE in Wichita, Kansas

KBIM-TV in Roswell, New Mexico

KBNB-LD in San Antonio, Texas

KBRR in Thief River Falls, Minnesota

KBSL-DT in Goodland, Kansas

KENV-DT in Elko, Nevada

KFDA-TV in Amarillo, Texas

KFNE in Riverton, Wyoming

KGTV in San Diego, California

KIIO-LD in Los Angeles, California

KISU-TV in Pocatello, Idaho

KLFY-TV in Lafayette, Louisiana

KLVX in Las Vegas, Nevada

KMCA-LD in Redding, California

KMEB in Wailuku, Hawaii

KMOT in Minot, North Dakota

KNEE-LD in Malaga, etc., Washington

KNPL-LD in North Platte, Nebraska

KOLN in Lincoln, Nebraska

KOLR in Springfield, Missouri

KOPB-TV in Portland, Oregon

KQTI-LD in Ogden, Utah

KREY-TV in Montrose, Colorado

KSAZ-TV in Phoenix, Arizona

KSBS-CD in Denver, Colorado

KSTF in Scottsbluff, Nebraska

KTEN in Ada, Oklahoma

KTSD-TV in Pierre, South Dakota

KTTC in Rochester, Minnesota

KTVE in El Dorado, Arkansas

KTVL in Medford, Oregon

KUHM-TV in Helena, Montana

KULU-LD in Park City, Utah

KULX-CD in Ogden, Utah

KUVM-LD in Missouri City, Texas

KWCM-TV in Appleton, Minnesota

KWSU-TV in Pullman, Washington

KWTX-TV in Waco, Texas

KXTV in Sacramento, California

KYVV-TV in Del Rio, Texas

KZTV in Corpus Christi, Texas

W03AM-D in Harrison, Maine

W04BS-D in Bethel, Maine

W05DD-D in St. Francis, Maine

W14DY-D in Onancock, Virginia

W34FC-D in La Crosse, Wisconsin

WALA-TV in Mobile, Alabama

WALB in Albany, Georgia

WAVY-TV in Portsmouth, Virginia

WBIQ in Birmingham, Alabama

WBIR-TV in Knoxville, Tennessee

WBNS-TV in Columbus, Ohio

WBUP in Ishpeming, Michigan

WCAU in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

WCBB in Augusta, Maine

WDCO-CD in Woodstock, Virginia

WDIO-DT in Duluth, Minnesota

WFSF-LD in Key West, Florida

WGEM-TV in Quincy, Illinois

WHEC-TV in Rochester, New York

WILM-LD in Wilmington, North Carolina

WILX-TV in Onondaga, Michigan

WIS in Columbia, South Carolina

WJAR in Providence, Rhode Island

WKNO in Memphis, Tennessee

WMEM-TV in Presque Isle, Maine

WMVS in Milwaukee, Wisconsin

WPLG in Miami, Florida

WRUF-LD in Gainesville, Florida

WSLS-TV in Roanoke, Virginia

WSWF-LD in Orlando, Florida

WTAJ-TV in Altoona, Pennsylvania

WTEN in Albany, New York

WTHI-TV in Terre Haute, Indiana

WTSP in St. Petersburg, Florida

WVFX in Clarksburg, West Virginia

WWCI-CD in Vero Beach, Florida

WWUP-TV in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan

WYGN-LD in Berrien Springs, MichiganThe following stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly broadcast on virtual channel 10:

K38KZ-D in Bovina, etc., Texas

K48GI-D in Flagstaff, Arizona

Channel 27 digital TV stations in the United States

The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 27 in the United States:

K27AI-D in Ninilchik, etc., Alaska

K27BZ-D in Wellington, Texas

K27CD-D in Boulder, Montana

K27CL-D in Coos Bay/North Bend, Oregon

K27CS-D in Montpelier, Idaho

K27DA-D in Big Sandy Valley, Arizona

K27DO-D in Bend, etc., Oregon

K27DX-D in McCall, Idaho

K27EC-D in Lake Havasu City, Arizona

K27EE-D in Ukiah, California

K27EJ-D in Colorado City, Arizona

K27FI-D in Frost, Minnesota

K27GB-D in Beryl/Modena/New Castle, Utah

K27GC-D in Heber/Midway, Utah

K27GD-D in Park City, Utah

K27GL-D in Hobbs, New Mexico

K27GM-D in Preston, Idaho

K27GN-D in Myton, Utah

K27HJ-D in Pierre, South Dakota

K27HM-D in Quanah, Texas

K27HP-D in Alamogordo, New Mexico

K27HR-D in Manti & Ephraim, Utah

K27ID-D in Tropic & Cannonville, Utah

K27IG-D in Cortez, etc., Colorado

K27IH-D in Holyoke, Colorado

K27IM in Billings, Montana

K27IN-D in Malad City, Idaho

K27IS-D in Emery, Utah

K27IT-D in Escalante, Utah

K27IX-D in Loa, etc., Utah

K27IY-D in Leamington, Utah

K27IZ-D in Coalville, Utah

K27JA-D in Henefer & Echo, Utah

K27JB-D in Samak, Utah

K27JJ-D in Forbes/Jasper Cty, Texas

K27JK-D in Glendale, Nevada

K27JO-D in Strong City, Oklahoma

K27JP-D in Little Rock, Arkansas

K27JQ-D in Wolf Point, Montana

K27JT-D in Fillmore, etc., Utah

K27JU-D in Scipio/Holden, Utah

K27JV-D in Kanab, Utah

K27JW-D in Joplin, Montana

K27JY-D in London Springs, Oregon

K27JZ-D in Round Mountain, Nevada

K27KA-D in Parlin, Colorado

K27KB-D in Caineville, Utah

K27KC-D in Ferron, Utah

K27KD-D in Hatch, Utah

K27KE-D in Huntington, Utah

K27KG-D in Columbia, etc., Utah

K27KH-D in Orderville, Utah

K27KN-D in Alexandria, Minnesota

K27KP-D in Driggs, Idaho

K27KQ-D in Hanksville, Utah

K27KR-D in Fishlake Resort, Utah

K27KS-D in Globe/Miami, Arizona

K27KU-D in Circleville, Utah

K27KV-D in Evanston, Wyoming

K27KW-D in Gold Hill, etc., Oregon

K27KX-D in Las Animas, Colorado

K27LF-D in San Antonio, Texas

K27LK-D in Gateview, Colorado

K27LL-D in Big Falls, Minnesota

K27LO-D in Emigrant, Montana

K27LT-D in Baker, Montana

K27LU-D in Stephenville, Texas

K27MA-D in Boulder, Colorado

K27MM-D in Tendoy/Leadore, Idaho

K27MQ-D in St. George, Utah

K27MT-D in Romeo, Colorado

K27MW-D in Soda Springs, Idaho

K27MY-D in Altus, Oklahoma

K30GC-D in Rural Beaver, etc., Utah

K40MV-D in Susanville, etc., California

K46AI-D in Durant, Oklahoma

KAAH-TV in Honolulu, Hawaii

KAMC in Lubbock, Texas

KAOB-LD in Beaumont, Texas

KASA-TV in Santa Fe, New Mexico

KBAX-LD in Twin Falls, Idaho

KBKI-LD in Boise, Idaho

KBTC-TV in Tacoma, Washington

KBTV-CD in Sacramento, California

KBTV-TV in Port Arthur, Texas

KBVO in Llano, Texas

KCPM in Grand Forks, North Dakota

KCWV in Duluth, Minnesota

KDJB-LD in Hondo, Texas

KDKJ-LD in Tyler, Texas

KEBK-LP in Bakersfield, California

KETF-CD in Laredo, Texas

KEYT-TV in Santa Barbara, California

KFOR-TV in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

KFTA-TV in Fort Smith, Arkansas

KFXA in Cedar Rapids, Iowa

KGHB-CD in Pueblo, etc., Colorado

KGJT-CD in Grand Junction, Colorado

KHGI-CD in North Platte, Nebraska

KHGI-LD in O'Neil, Nebraska

KHTV-CD in Los Angeles, California

KJKZ-LP in Fresno, California

KJNB-LD in Jonesboro, Arkansas

KLWY in Cheyenne, Wyoming

KNYS-LD in Natchitoches, Louisiana

KODF-LD in Britton, Texas

KORO in Corpus Christi, Texas

KRPV-DT in Roswell, New Mexico

KRWF in Redwood Falls, Minnesota

KSKC-CD in Pablo/Ronan, Montana

KSLM-LD in Dallas, Oregon

KSNT in Topeka, Kansas

KTSF in San Francisco, California

KTVE in El Dorado, Arkansas

KTVW-CD in Flagstaff/Doney Park, Arizona

KULG-LD in Springfield, Missouri

KVEW in Kennewick, Washington

KWYF-LD in Casper, Wyoming

KYMB-LD in Monterey, California

W18CJ in Quincy, Illinois

W27AU-D in Wausau, Wisconsin

W27DG-D in Millersburg, Ohio

W43CH-D in Belvidere, New Jersey

W48CK-D in Sterling, Illinois

WACY-TV in Appleton, Wisconsin

WAGA-TV in Atlanta, Georgia

WAIQ in Montgomery, Alabama

WAPA-TV in San Juan, Puerto Rico

WBKH-LD in Port Charlotte, Florida

WBUN-LP in Birmingham, Alabama

WCBI-TV in Columbus, Mississippi

WCCB in Charlotte, North Carolina

WCIU-TV in Chicago, Illinois

WDYH-LD in Augusta, Georgia

WEKA-LD in Canton, Ohio

WETA-TV in Washington, D.C.

WFXV in Utica, New York

WGTW-TV in Burlington, New Jersey

WHJC-LP in Williamson, West Virginia

WHVL-LD in State College, etc., Pennsylvania

WHWC-TV in Menomonie, Wisconsin

WIPX-TV in Bloomington, Indiana

WKPT-TV in Kingsport, Tennessee

WKRG-TV in Mobile, Alabama

WKRN-TV in Nashville, Tennessee

WLFL in Raleigh, North Carolina

WLJT-DT in Lexington, Tennessee

WLNM-LD in Lansing, Michigan

WOUB-TV in Athens, Ohio

WPCW in Johnstown, Pennsylvania

WRDQ in Orlando, Florida

WSOT-LD in Marion, Indiana

WTAE-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

WTBY-TV in Poughkeepsie, New York

WTNB-CD in Cleveland, Tennessee

WTXL-TV in Tallahassee, Florida

WUDI-LD in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

WUNI in Marlborough, Massachusetts

WUNW in Canton, North Carolina

WXEL-TV in West Palm Beach, FloridaThe following stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly broadcast on digital channel 27:

K27MG-D in Columbia, Missouri

WPCP-CD in New Castle, Pennsylvania

Channel 27 low-power TV stations in the United States

The following low-power television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 27 in the United States:

K27AE in Victorville, etc., California

K27AI-D in Ninilchik, etc., Alaska

K27BN in Truth or Consequences, New Mexico

K27BZ-D in Wellington, Texas

K27CB in Fraser, etc., Colorado

K27CD-D in Boulder, Montana

K27CL-D in Coos Bay/North Bend, Oregon

K27CS-D in Montpelier, Idaho

K27DA-D in Big Sandy Valley, Arizona

K27DO-D in Bend, etc., Oregon

K27DV in Crowley Lake-Long Va, California

K27DX-D in McCall, Idaho

K27DY in Carlin, Nevada

K27EC-D in Lake Havasu City, Arizona

K27EE-D in Ukiah, California

K27EJ-D in Colorado City, Arizona

K27FI-D in Frost, Minnesota

K27GB-D in Beryl/Modena/New Castle, Utah

K27GC-D in Heber/Midway, Utah

K27GD-D in Park City, Utah

K27GL-D in Hobbs, New Mexico

K27GM-D in Preston, Idaho

K27GN-D in Myton, Utah

K27GR in Paris, Texas

K27GZ in Mariposa, California

K27HJ-D in Pierre, South Dakota

K27HM-D in Quanah, Texas

K27HP-D in Alamogordo, New Mexico

K27HR-D in Manti & Ephraim, Utah

K27HU in Price, Utah

K27HV in Scofield, Utah

K27ID-D in Tropic & Cannonville, Utah

K27IG-D in Cortez, etc., Colorado

K27IH-D in Holyoke, Colorado

K27IM in Billings, Montana

K27IN-D in Malad City, Idaho

K27IS-D in Emery, Utah

K27IT-D in Escalante, Utah

K27IX-D in Loa, etc., Utah

K27IY-D in Leamington, Utah

K27IZ-D in Coalville, Utah

K27JA-D in Henefer & Echo, Utah

K27JB-D in Samak, Utah

K27JJ-D in Forbes/Jasper Cty, Texas

K27JK-D in Glendale, Nevada

K27JO-D in Strong City, Oklahoma

K27JP-D in Little Rock, Arkansas

K27JQ-D in Wolf Point, Montana

K27JT-D in Fillmore, etc., Utah

K27JU-D in Scipio/Holden, Utah

K27JV-D in Kanab, Utah

K27JW-D in Joplin, Montana

K27JY-D in London Springs, Oregon

K27JZ-D in Round Mountain, Nevada

K27KA-D in Parlin, Colorado

K27KB-D in Caineville, Utah

K27KC-D in Ferron, Utah

K27KD-D in Hatch, Utah

K27KE-D in Huntington, Utah

K27KG-D in Columbia, etc., Utah

K27KH-D in Orderville, Utah

K27KM in Wendover, Utah

K27KN-D in Alexandria, Minnesota

K27KP-D in Driggs, Idaho

K27KQ-D in Hanksville, Utah

K27KR-D in Fishlake Resort, Utah

K27KS-D in Globe/Miami, Arizona

K27KU-D in Circleville, Utah

K27KV-D in Evanston, Wyoming

K27KW-D in Gold Hill, etc., Oregon

K27KX-D in Las Animas, Colorado

K27LF-D in San Antonio, Texas

K27LK-D in Gateview, Colorado

K27LL-D in Big Falls, Minnesota

K27LO-D in Emigrant, Montana

K27LT-D in Baker, Montana

K27LU-D in Stephenville, Texas

K27MA-D in Boulder, Colorado

K27MM-D in Tendoy/Leadore, Idaho

K27MQ-D in St. George, Utah

K27MT-D in Romeo, Colorado

K27MW-D in Soda Springs, Idaho

K27MY-D in Altus, Oklahoma

K30GC-D in Rural Beaver, etc., Utah

K40MV-D in Susanville, etc., California

K46AI-D in Durant, Oklahoma

KAOB-LD in Beaumont, Texas

KBAX-LD in Twin Falls, Idaho

KBKI-LD in Boise, Idaho

KBTV-CD in Sacramento, California

KDJB-LD in Hondo, Texas

KDKJ-LD in Tyler, Texas

KEBK-LP in Bakersfield, California

KETF-CD in Laredo, Texas

KGHB-CD in Pueblo, etc., Colorado

KGJT-CD in Grand Junction, Colorado

KHGI-CD in North Platte, Nebraska

KHGI-LD in O'Neil, Nebraska

KHTV-CD in Los Angeles, California

KIDQ-LP in Lewiston, Idaho

KJKZ-LP in Fresno, California

KJNB-LD in Jonesboro, Arkansas

KNYS-LD in Natchitoches, Louisiana

KODF-LD in Britton, Texas

KSKC-CD in Pablo/Ronan, Montana

KSLM-LD in Dallas, Oregon

KTVW-CD in Flagstaff/Doney Park, Arizona

KUCO-LP in Chico, California

KULG-LD in Springfield, Missouri

KWBH-LP in Rapid City, South Dakota

KWCE-LP in Alexandria, Louisiana

KWYF-LD in Casper, Wyoming

KYMB-LD in Monterey, California

KYPO-LP in Tacna, Arizona

KZSW-LP in Hemet, California

W18CJ in Quincy, Illinois

W27AU-D in Wausau, Wisconsin

W27BL in Berlin, New Hampshire

W27DG-D in Millersburg, Ohio

W43CH-D in Belvidere, New Jersey

W48CK-D in Sterling, Illinois

WBKH-LD in Port Charlotte, Florida

WBUN-LP in Birmingham, Alabama

WDYH-LD in Augusta, Georgia

WEKA-LD in Canton, Ohio

WEVD-LD in Dover, Delaware

WFHD-LP in Ann Arbor, Michigan

WGZT-LP in Key West, Florida

WHJC-LP in Williamson, West Virginia

WHVL-LD in State College, etc., Pennsylvania

WLNM-LD in Lansing, Michigan

WNAL-LP in Scottsboro, Alabama

WOCD-LP in Dunnellon, Florida

WPCW in Johnstown, Pennsylvania

WSOT-LD in Marion, Indiana

WTNB-CD in Cleveland, Tennessee

WUDI-LD in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

WWBH-LP in Mobile, Alabama

WWRJ-LP in Jacksonville, FloridaThe following low-power stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly broadcast on analog channel 27:

K27BH in Lake Shastina, California

K27DS in Yucca Valley, California

K27FC in Paragould, Arkansas

K27GE in Wanship, Utah

K27MG-D in Columbia, Missouri

KCWK-LP in Yakima, Washington

KEXT-CD in Modesto, California

KFRE-CA in Tulare, California

KPDN-LP in Monahans, Texas

WPCP-CD in New Castle, Pennsylvania

Child Bride of Short Creek

Child Bride of Short Creek is a 1981 American made-for-television drama film written by Joyce Eliason, starring Diane Lane, Helen Hunt, Christopher Atkins, Conrad Bain and Dee Wallace. The film is a dramatization of the lives of the people of Colorado City, Arizona, and Hildale, Utah, United States, collectively known as "Short Creek," a community of members of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, a group that practices child marriage and polygamy.

Council of Friends (Woolley)

The Council of Friends (also known as the Woolley Group and the Priesthood Council) was one of the original expressions of Mormon fundamentalism, having its origins in the teachings of Lorin C. Woolley, a dairy farmer excommunicated from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) in 1924.

El Capitan (Arizona school)

El Capitan is a public school located in Colorado City, Arizona, serving students in the towns of Colorado City, Centennial Park and Cane Beds in rural Mohave County, and in Hildale, Utah. It is one in two schools in the district

Eldorado, Texas

Eldorado ( EL-də-RAH-doh, -RAY-doh) is a city in and the county seat of Schleicher County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,951 at the 2010 census. Eldorado is located on U.S. Highway 277 some 21 miles (34 km) north of Sonora and 43 miles (69 km) south of San Angelo, Texas.

Hildale, Utah

Hildale is a city in Washington County, Utah, United States. The population was 2,726 at the 2010 census.

Hildale is a twin city to the better-known Colorado City, Arizona, which together straddle the border between Utah and Arizona. Hildale is the headquarters of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS). Many adults in the community practice plural marriage. The United Effort Plan, the financial arm of the FLDS, owns most of the property in the city. Since most government officials – including the police force – are FLDS members, some critics have likened the community's atmosphere to that of a prison. At 66.9% English Americans, Hildale is the most ethnically English city in the United States.

Joseph Smith Jessop

Joseph Smith Jessop (January 25, 1869 – September 1, 1953) was an early patriarch in the Mormon fundamentalist movement and, with John Y. Barlow, co-founder of Short Creek, Arizona (later Colorado City, Arizona, and Hildale, Utah), home to the polygynous Short Creek Community.

KXFF

KXFF (106.1 FM) is a radio station broadcasting an adult hits format. Licensed to Colorado City, Arizona, United States, the station is currently owned by Cherry Creek Radio. As of March 30, 2012, the station dropped its oldies format to become a simulcast of sister station KHKR-AM, an ESPN Radio affiliate. On January 1, 2017 KXFF changed their format from classic country to adult hits, branded as "101.9 & 99.1 Dave FM".

Leroy S. Johnson

Leroy Sunderland Johnson (June 12, 1888 – November 25, 1986), known as Uncle Roy, was a leader of the Mormon fundamentalist group at Colorado City, Arizona (which later evolved into the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints or FLDS Church), during the latter part of the twentieth century.

Lost boys (Mormon fundamentalism)

"Lost boys" is a term used for young men who have been excommunicated or pressured to leave polygamous Mormon fundamentalist groups such as the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (FLDS). They are alleged to be pressured to leave by adult men to reduce competition for wives within such sects, usually when they are between the ages of 13 and 21.

Lyle Jeffs

Lyle Jeffs is the brother of Warren Jeffs and a bishop in the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, commonly referred to as the FLDS Church. He has been referred to as his brother's "special counselor" in some church documents.Jeffs was the FLDS bishop for both Hildale, Utah, and Colorado City, Arizona. According to The Salt Lake Tribune, he was removed from office in 2012.Jeffs is also the uncle of author and ex-FLDS member Brent W. Jeffs and son of Rulon Jeffs.

Rulon Jeffs

Rulon Timpson Jeffs (December 6, 1909 – September 8, 2002), known to followers as Uncle Rulon, was the President of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS Church), a Mormon fundamentalist organization based in Colorado City, Arizona, from 1986 until his death in 2002.

Short Creek

Short Creek may mean:

Short Creek (Iowa River), a stream in Iowa

Short Creek (Bean Lake), a stream in Missouri

Short Creek (Tennessee River), a stream in Tennessee

Short Creek, a tributary of the Ohio River

Short Creek, a tributary of the Souris River

Short Creek, West Virginia

Short Creek Township, Harrison County, Ohio

Short Creek, Arizona, now known as Colorado City, Arizona

the Short Creek Community, residing in Colorado City, Arizona and Hildale, Utah, which after 1953 fractured into several Mormon fundamentalist groups

the Short Creek raid, a 1953 Arizona state police and Arizona National Guard action against Mormon fundamentalists in the Short Creek Community

Short Creek Community

The Short Creek Community (now Colorado City, Arizona, and Hildale, Utah), founded in 1913, began as a small ranching town in the Arizona Strip. In the 1930s it was settled by Mormon fundamentalists, who remain there to this day.

Utah State Route 59

State Route 59 (SR-59) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Utah. The highway connects Hurricane to the twin cities of Hildale and Colorado City, Arizona. The highway connects to US-89A through Arizona State Route 389. The route was added to the state highway system in 1914, and has had several designations.

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