Colonel Sanders

Colonel Harland David Sanders[a] (September 9, 1890 – December 16, 1980) was an American businessman, best known for founding fast food chicken restaurant chain Kentucky Fried Chicken (now known as KFC) and later acting as the company's brand ambassador and symbol. His name and image are still symbols of the company. The title 'colonel' was honorary – a Kentucky Colonel – not the military rank.

Sanders held a number of jobs in his early life, such as steam engine stoker, insurance salesman and filling station operator. He began selling fried chicken from his roadside restaurant in North Corbin, Kentucky, during the Great Depression. During that time Sanders developed his "secret recipe" and his patented method of cooking chicken in a pressure fryer. Sanders recognized the potential of the restaurant franchising concept, and the first KFC franchise opened in South Salt Lake, Utah in 1952. When his original restaurant closed, he devoted himself full-time to franchising his fried chicken throughout the country.

The company's rapid expansion across the United States and overseas became overwhelming for Sanders. In 1964, then 73 years old, he sold the company to a group of investors led by John Y. Brown Jr. and Jack C. Massey for $2 million ($16.2 million today). However, he retained control of operations in Canada, and he became a salaried brand ambassador for Kentucky Fried Chicken. In his later years, he became highly critical of the food served by KFC restaurants, as he believed they had cut costs and allowed quality to deteriorate.

Colonel Sanders
Colonel Harland Sanders in character
Sanders in his iconic outfit, c. 1974
Born
Harland David Sanders

September 9, 1890
DiedDecember 16, 1980 (aged 90)
Resting placeCave Hill Cemetery, Louisville
NationalityAmerican
EducationLa Salle Extension University
Occupation
  • Businessman
  • restaurateur
Years active1930–1980
Board member ofKentucky Fried Chicken (founder)
Spouse(s)
Josephine King
(m. 1909; div. 1947)

Claudia Price (m. 1949)
Children3
Signature
Harland Sanders Signature

Life and career

1890–1906: Early life

Sanders mother
Sanders at age 7 with his mother in 1897

Harland David Sanders was born on September 9, 1890, in a four-room house located 3 miles (5 km) east of Henryville, Indiana.[1] He was the oldest of three children born to Wilbur David and Margaret Ann (née Dunlevy) Sanders.[1] The family attended the Advent Christian Church.[2] His father was a mild and affectionate man who worked his 80-acre farm, until he broke his leg after a fall. He then worked as a butcher in Henryville for two years. Sanders' mother was a devout Christian and strict parent, continuously warning her children of "the evils of alcohol, tobacco, gambling, and whistling on Sundays."[3]

Sanders' father died in 1895. His mother got work in a tomato cannery, and the young Harland was left to look after and cook for his siblings.[1] By the age of seven, he was reportedly skilled with bread and vegetables, and improving with meat; the children foraged for food while their mother was away for days at a time for work.[4] When he was 10, Sanders began to work as a farmhand.

In 1902, Sanders' mother remarried to William Broaddus,[5] and the family moved to Greenwood, Indiana.[6] Sanders had a tumultuous relationship with his stepfather. In 1903, he dropped out of seventh grade (later stating that "algebra's what drove me off"), and went to live and work on a nearby farm.[6] At age 13, he left home.[3] He then took a job painting horse carriages in Indianapolis. When he was 14, he moved to southern Indiana to work as a farmhand.[6]

1906–1930: Various jobs

In 1906, with his mother's approval, Sanders left the area to live with his uncle in New Albany, Indiana.[7] His uncle worked for the streetcar company, and secured Sanders a job as a conductor.[8]

Sanders falsified his date of birth and enlisted in the United States Army in October 1906, completing his service commitment as a wagoner (see teamster) in Cuba.[7] He was honorably discharged in February 1907 and moved to Sheffield, Alabama, where his uncle lived.[7] There, he met his brother Clarence who had also moved there in order to escape their stepfather.[7] The uncle worked for the Southern Railway, and secured Sanders a job there as a blacksmith's helper in the workshops.[6] After two months, Sanders moved to Jasper, Alabama where he got a job cleaning out the ash pans of trains from the Northern Alabama Railroad (a division of the Southern Railway) when they had finished their runs.[6] Sanders progressed to become a fireman (steam engine stoker) at the age of 16 or 17.[6]

In 1909, Sanders found laboring work with the Norfolk and Western Railway.[6] While working on the railroad, he met Josephine King of Jasper, Alabama, and they were married shortly afterwards. They would go on to have a son, Harland, Jr., who died in 1932 from infected tonsils, and two daughters, Margaret Sanders and Mildred Sanders Ruggles.[9][10] He then found work as a fireman on the Illinois Central Railroad, and he and his family moved to Jackson, Tennessee.[6] By night, Sanders studied law by correspondence through the La Salle Extension University.[6] Sanders lost his job at Illinois after brawling with a colleague.[11] While Sanders moved to work for the Rock Island Railroad, Josephine and the children went to live with her parents.[6] After a while, Sanders began to practice law in Little Rock, which he did for three years, earning enough in fees for his family to move with him.[6] His legal career ended after a courtroom brawl with his own client.[12]

After that, Sanders moved back with his mother in Henryville, and went to work as a laborer on the Pennsylvania Railroad.[6] In 1916, the family moved to Jeffersonville, where Sanders got a job selling life insurance for the Prudential Life Insurance Company.[6] Sanders was eventually fired for insubordination.[13] He moved to Louisville and got a sales job with Mutual Benefit Life of New Jersey.[13]

In 1920, Sanders established a ferry boat company, which operated a boat on the Ohio River between Jeffersonville and Louisville.[6] He canvassed for funding, becoming a minority shareholder himself, and was appointed secretary of the company.[6] The ferry was an instant success.[14] Around 1922 he took a job as secretary at the Chamber of Commerce in Columbus, Indiana.[6] He admitted that he was not very good at the job, and resigned after less than a year.[6] Sanders cashed in his ferry boat company shares for $22,000 ($324,000 today) and used the money to establish a company manufacturing acetylene lamps.[6] The venture failed after Delco introduced an electric lamp that it sold on credit.

Sanders moved to Winchester, Kentucky, to work as a salesman for the Michelin Tire Company.[6] He lost his job in 1924 when Michelin closed its New Jersey manufacturing plant.[15] In 1924, by chance, he met the general manager of Standard Oil of Kentucky, who asked him to run a service station in Nicholasville.[6] In 1930, the station closed as a result of the Great Depression.[16]

1930–1952: Later career

Sanders cafe 2
Sanders working in his cafe at Corbin, Kentucky, c. 1930s

In 1930, the Shell Oil Company offered Sanders a service station in North Corbin, Kentucky, rent free, in return for paying the company a percentage of sales.[6] Sanders began to serve chicken dishes and other meals such as country ham and steaks.[17] Initially he served the customers in his adjacent living quarters before opening a restaurant. It was during this period that Sanders was involved in a shootout with Matt Stewart, a local competitor, over the repainting of a sign directing traffic to his station. Stewart killed a Shell employee who was with Sanders and was convicted of murder, eliminating Sanders's competition.[18] Sanders was commissioned as a Kentucky colonel in 1935 by Kentucky governor Ruby Laffoon. His local popularity grew, and, in 1939, food critic Duncan Hines visited Sanders's restaurant and included it in Adventures in Good Eating, his guide to restaurants throughout the US. The entry read:

Corbin, KY.   Sanders Court and Café
41 — Jct. with 25, 25 E. ½ Mi. N. of Corbin. Open all year except Xmas.
A very good place to stop en route to Cumberland Falls and the Great Smokies. Continuous 24-hour service. Sizzling steaks, fried chicken, country ham, hot biscuits. L. 50¢ to $1; D., 60¢ to $1

In July 1939, Sanders acquired a motel in Asheville, North Carolina.[19] His North Corbin restaurant and motel was destroyed in a fire in November 1939, and Sanders had it rebuilt as a motel with a 140-seat restaurant.[19] By July 1940, Sanders had finalized his "Secret Recipe" for frying chicken in a pressure fryer that cooked the chicken faster than pan frying. As the United States entered World War II in December 1941, gas was rationed, and as the tourism dried up, Sanders was forced to close his Asheville motel. He went to work as a supervisor in Seattle until the latter part of 1942.[6] He later ran cafeterias for the government at an ordnance works in Tennessee, followed by a job as assistant cafeteria manager in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.[6]

He left his mistress, Claudia Ledington-Price, as manager of the North Corbin restaurant and motel.[6] In 1942, he sold the Asheville business.[6] In 1947, he and Josephine divorced and Sanders married Claudia in 1949, as he had long desired.[20] Sanders was "re-commissioned" as a Kentucky colonel in 1950 by his friend, Governor Lawrence Wetherby.[21]

1952–1980: Kentucky Fried Chicken

FirstKFC
The world's first KFC franchise, located in South Salt Lake, Utah

In 1952, Sanders franchised his secret recipe "Kentucky Fried Chicken" for the first time, to Pete Harman of South Salt Lake, Utah, the operator of one of that city's largest restaurants.[22] In the first year of selling the product, restaurant sales more than tripled, with 75% of the increase coming from sales of fried chicken.[23] For Harman, the addition of fried chicken was a way of differentiating his restaurant from competitors; in Utah, a product hailing from Kentucky was unique and evoked imagery of Southern hospitality.[24] Don Anderson, a sign painter hired by Harman, coined the name Kentucky Fried Chicken.[24] After Harman's success, several other restaurant owners franchised the concept and paid Sanders $0.04 per chicken.[4]

Sanders believed that his North Corbin restaurant would remain successful indefinitely, but at age 65 sold it after the new Interstate 75 reduced customer traffic.[25][26][4] Left only with his savings and $105 a month from Social Security,[4] Sanders decided to begin to franchise his chicken concept in earnest, and traveled the US looking for suitable restaurants. After closing the North Corbin site, Sanders and Claudia opened a new restaurant and company headquarters in Shelbyville in 1959.[27] Often sleeping in the back of his car, Sanders visited restaurants, offered to cook his chicken, and if workers liked it negotiated franchise rights.[4]

Although such visits required much time, eventually potential franchisees began visiting Sanders instead. He ran the company while Claudia mixed and shipped the spices to restaurants.[4] The franchise approach became highly successful; KFC was one of the first fast food chains to expand internationally, opening outlets in Canada and later in the UK, Mexico and Jamaica by the mid-1960s. Sanders obtained a patent protecting his method of pressure frying chicken in 1962,[28] and trademarked the phrase "It's Finger Lickin' Good" in 1963.

The company's rapid expansion to more than 600 locations became overwhelming for the aging Sanders. In 1964, then 73 years old, he sold the Kentucky Fried Chicken corporation for $2 million ($16.2 million today) to a partnership of Kentucky businessmen headed by John Y. Brown, Jr., a 29-year-old lawyer and future governor of Kentucky, and Jack C. Massey, a venture capitalist and entrepreneur. Sanders became a salaried brand ambassador. The initial deal did not include the Canadian operations, which Sanders retained, or the franchising rights in the UK, Florida, Utah, and Montana, which Sanders had already sold to others.[29]

In 1965, Sanders moved to Mississauga, Ontario to oversee his Canadian franchises and continued to collect franchise and appearance fees both in Canada and in the US. Sanders bought and lived in a bungalow at 1337 Melton Drive in the Lakeview area of Mississauga from 1965 to 1980.[30] In September 1970 he and his wife were baptized in the Jordan River.[31] He also befriended Billy Graham and Jerry Falwell.[31]

Sanders remained the company's symbol after selling it, traveling 200,000 miles a year on the company's behalf and filming many TV commercials and appearances. He retained much influence over executives and franchisees, who respected his culinary expertise and feared what The New Yorker described as "the force and variety of his swearing" when a restaurant or the company varied from what executives described as "the Colonel's chicken". One change the company made was to the gravy, which Sanders had bragged was so good that "it'll make you throw away the durn chicken and just eat the gravy" but which the company simplified to reduce time and cost. As late as 1979 Sanders made surprise visits to KFC restaurants, and if the food disappointed him, he denounced it to the franchisee as "God-damned slop" or pushed it onto the floor.[4][32] In 1973, Sanders sued Heublein Inc.—the then parent company of Kentucky Fried Chicken—over the alleged misuse of his image in promoting products he had not helped develop. In 1975, Heublein Inc. unsuccessfully sued Sanders for libel after he publicly described their gravy as being "sludge" with a "wall-paper taste".[5]

Sanders and his wife reopened their Shelbyville restaurant as "Claudia Sanders, The Colonel's Lady" and served KFC-style chicken there as part of a full-service dinner menu, and talked about expanding the restaurant into a chain.[33] He was sued by the company for it.[33][34] After reaching a settlement with Heublein, he sold the Colonel's Lady restaurant, and it has continued to operate, currently as the Claudia Sanders Dinner House.[33][34] It serves his "original recipe" fried chicken as part of its non-fast-food dinner menu, and it is the only non-KFC restaurant that serves an authorized version of the fried chicken recipe.[35][36]

Sanders remained critical of Kentucky Fried Chicken's food. In the late 1970s he told the Louisville Courier-Journal:[37]

My God, that gravy is horrible. They buy tap water for 15 to 20 cents a thousand gallons and then they mix it with flour and starch and end up with pure wallpaper paste. And I know wallpaper paste, by God, because I've seen my mother make it. ... There's no nutrition in it and they ought not to be allowed to sell it. ... crispy recipe is nothing in the world but a damn fried doughball stuck on some chicken.

Sanders died on December 16, 1980.[38]

Public image

After being recommissioned as a Kentucky colonel in 1950 by Governor Lawrence Wetherby, Sanders began to dress the part, growing a goatee and wearing a black frock coat (later switching to a white suit), a string tie, and referring to himself as "Colonel".[21] His associates went along with the title change, "jokingly at first and then in earnest", according to biographer Josh Ozersky.[25]

He never wore anything else in public during the last 20 years of his life, using a heavy wool suit in the winter and a light cotton suit in the summer.[25] He bleached his mustache and goatee to match his white hair.[20]

Death

Colonel Sanders Grave 1
Colonel Sanders's gravesite
Colonel Sanders Grave 3
Sanders's and his wife's grave at Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville, Kentucky

Sanders was diagnosed with acute leukemia in June 1980.[9][39] He died at Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky of pneumonia on December 16, 1980 at the age of 90.[38][40][41] Sanders had remained active until the month before his death, appearing in his white suit to crowds.[32] His body lay in state in the rotunda of the Kentucky State Capitol in Frankfort after a funeral service at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary Chapel, which was attended by more than 1,000 people. Sanders was buried in his characteristic white suit and black western string tie in Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville.

Legacy

By the time of Sanders' death, there were an estimated 6,000 KFC outlets in 48 countries worldwide, with $2 billion ($6.1 billion today) of sales annually.[42]

As a symbol of the KFC brand

A fictionalized Colonel Sanders has repeatedly appeared as a mascot in KFC's advertising and branding. Sanders has been voiced by impressionists in radio ads, and from 1998 to 2001 an animated version of him voiced by Randy Quaid appeared in television commercials.[43] In May 2015, KFC reprised the Colonel Sanders character in new television advertisements, played by comedian Darrell Hammond.[32][44] Some commentators felt the new portrayal was distasteful and disrespectful of the actual man's legacy.[32][45][46][47] In August 2015, KFC launched a new campaign, this time with comedian Norm Macdonald portraying Sanders; the first ad of the campaign makes direct reference to the Hammond campaign, with a brief piece of footage of Hammond followed by Macdonald's Colonel declaring his predecessor an impostor.[48] In February 2016, yet another portrayal was introduced with Jim Gaffigan as the Colonel, shown bolting awake in bed and telling his wife about his recurring nightmare of Macdonald's Colonel "pretending to be me".[49] By July 2016, George Hamilton was playing Colonel Sanders, parlaying his famous tan into an advertisement for KFC's "extra crispy" chicken.[50] During the airing of the 2016 SummerSlam, a commercial aired of WWE wrestler Dolph Ziggler dressed up as Colonel Sanders beating up a man in a chicken suit (played by fellow wrestler The Miz) in a wrestling ring.[51] In September 2016 comedian Rob Riggle played Sanders in an ad introducing a football team named "The Kentucky Buckets".[52] In January 2017, to advertise their "Georgia Gold Honey Mustard BBQ" Chicken offerings, actor Billy Zane took over the role as the "Solid Gold Colonel".[53] In April 2017, actor Rob Lowe was announced as the newest actor in the role of Colonel Sanders.[54] Lowe said that as a child, he actually got to meet Harland Sanders.[55] WWE would return to using Colonel Sanders during 2017, showing ads of Shawn Michaels and Kurt Angle playing him, as well as announcing that Colonel Sanders would be available as a playable character in WWE 2K18 (accessible through the "create-a-wrestler" feature) as part of a product placement deal with KFC.[56] Ray Liotta then portrayed Sanders, and singer Reba McEntire was named as the newest Sanders in January 2018.[57] As of August 2018, actor Jason Alexander and professional strongman and actor Hafþór Júlíus Björnsson both portray Colonel Sanders.[58][59]

Beyond KFC

The Japanese Nippon Professional Baseball league has developed an urban legend of the "Curse of the Colonel". A statue of Colonel Sanders was thrown into a river and lost during a 1985 fan celebration, and (according to the legend) the "curse" has caused Japan's Hanshin Tigers to perform poorly since the incident.[60]

Characters based on Colonel Sanders have appeared in popular fiction. Within the DC Comics multiverse, alternate versions of the Colonel appear in the promotional title KFC: The Colonel Corps.[61] In the novel Kafka on the Shore by Haruki Murakami, Colonel Sanders appears when an "abstract concept" takes on the appearance of "a famous capitalist icon."[62]

One of Colonel Sanders' white suits with its black clip-on bow-tie was sold at auction for $21,510 by Heritage Auctions on June 22, 2013.[63] The suit had been given to Cincinnati resident Mike Morris by Sanders, who was close to Morris's family. The Morris family house was purchased by Col. Sanders, and Sanders lived with the family for six months.[64] The suit was purchased by Kentucky Fried Chicken of Japan president Maseo "Charlie" Watanabe. Watanabe put on the famous suit after placing the winning bid at the auction event in Dallas, Texas.

In 2011, a manuscript of a book on cooking that Sanders apparently wrote in the mid-1960s was found in KFC archives. It includes some cooking recipes from Sanders as well as anecdotes and life lessons. KFC said it was planning to try some of the recipes and to publish the 200-page manuscript online.[65][66]

Charitable giving

Before his death Sanders used his stock holdings to create the Colonel Harland Sanders Charitable Organization, a registered Canadian charity.[67] The wing of Mississauga Hospital for women's and children's care is named The Colonel Harland Sanders Family Care Centre in honor of his substantial donation.[68] Sanders' foundation has also made sizeable donations to other Canadian children's hospitals including the McMaster Children's Hospital, IWK Health Centre, and Stollery Children's Hospital.[69] The Toronto-based foundation disbursed $500,000 to other Canadian charities in 2016, according to its tax return filed with the Canada Revenue Agency.[70]

Albums

  • 1967 Christmas Eve with Colonel Sanders (RCA: PRS 256)[71]
  • 1968 Christmas Day with Colonel Sanders (RCA: PRS 274)[71]
  • 1969 Christmas with Colonel Sanders (RCA: PRS 291)[71]

References

Notes and citations

  1. ^ Sanders was given the honorary title "Kentucky Colonel" in 1935 by Governor Ruby Laffoon.
  1. ^ a b c Klotter, The Human Tradition in the New South, p. 130.
  2. ^ Sanders, Harland (1974). The Incredible Colonel. Illinois: Creation House. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-88419-053-0.
  3. ^ a b "Colonels of Truth". www.damninteresting.com. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Whitworth, William (February 14, 1970). "Kentucky-Fried". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Kleber, John E.; Clark, Thomas D.; Harrison, Lowell H.; Klotter, James C., eds. (January 13, 2015) [1992]. "Sanders, Harland David". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. pp. 796–797. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Sanders, Harland (2012). The Autobiography of the Original Celebrity Chef (PDF). Louisville: KFC. ISBN 978-0-9855439-0-7. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d Klotter, The Human Tradition in the New South, p. 131.
  8. ^ Ozersky, Josh (2012). Colonel Sanders and the American Dream. University of Texas Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-292-74285-7.
  9. ^ a b Edith Evans Asbury (December 17, 1980). "Col. Harland Sanders, Founder Of Kentucky Fried Chicken, Dies; Cooked Meals as a Child Success Comes Slowly: [Obituary]". The New York Times. p. A33. 936479241. Retrieved February 26, 2015.(subscription required)
  10. ^ Josh Kegley, Daughter of Colonel Sanders dies at age 91, Lexington Herald-Leader, September 25, 2010.
  11. ^ Sanders, Harland (1974). The Incredible Colonel. Illinois: Creation House. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-88419-053-0.
  12. ^ Ozersky, Josh (2012). Colonel Sanders and the American Dream. University of Texas Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-292-74285-7.
  13. ^ a b Ozersky, Josh (2012). Colonel Sanders and the American Dream. University of Texas Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-292-74285-7.
  14. ^ Klotter, The Human Tradition in the New South, p. 134.
  15. ^ Sanders, Harland (1974). The Incredible Colonel. Illinois: Creation House. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-88419-053-0.
  16. ^ Ozersky, Josh (2012). Colonel Sanders and the American Dream. University of Texas Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-292-74285-7.
  17. ^ "About Us | KFC History". KFC.co.uk. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  18. ^ Taylor, Kate (September 4, 2015). "7 Things You Didn't Know About The Real Colonel Sanders". MSN. p. 2. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  19. ^ a b Darden, Robert (January 1, 2004). Secret Recipe: Why Kfc Is Still Cooking After 50 Years. Tapestry Press. ISBN 978-1-930819-33-7. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
  20. ^ a b Klotter, The Human Tradition in the New South, p. 142.
  21. ^ a b "KFC – Colonel Sanders Cafe & Museum – America's First Kentucky Fried Chicken". Corbinkentucky.us. February 18, 1964. Archived from the original on October 22, 2004. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  22. ^ Nii, Jenifer K. (2004). "Colonel's landmark KFC is mashed". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved October 28, 2007.
  23. ^ Lawrence, Jodi (November 9, 1969). "Chicken Big and the Citizen Senior". The Washington Post and Times-Herald. p. 305.
  24. ^ a b Liddle, Alan (May 21, 1990). "Pete Harman". Nation's Restaurant News.
  25. ^ a b c Ozersky, Josh (September 15, 2010). "KFC's Colonel Sanders: He Was Real, Not Just an Icon". Time. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
  26. ^ I've Got a Secret interview, originally broadcast April 6, 1964 (rebroadcast by GSN March 30, 2008).
  27. ^ McGuire, Jenn (October 12, 2010). "Claudia Sanders Dinner House Serves Up the Real Thing". HelloLouisville. Archived from the original on December 31, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  28. ^ "Process of producing fried chicken under pressure US 3245800 A". Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  29. ^ "KFC Corporation History". Funding Universe. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  30. ^ "KFC nixes Mississauga's Col. Sanders for new upmarket restaurant". NiagarathisWeek. July 17, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  31. ^ a b Klotter, The Human Tradition in the New South, p. 153.
  32. ^ a b c d Downs, Jere (May 27, 2015). "KFC Col. Sanders' revival 'tarnishes' the icon". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  33. ^ a b c Ryan, Ed (October 7, 1974). "Colonel Sanders and His Lady: He Cooks, She Cleans the Pots". People. 2 (15). Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  34. ^ a b United Press International (September 12, 1975). "Col. Sanders' Chicken War Ends". The New York Times. p. 46.
  35. ^ "Claudia Sanders Dinner House – Shelbyville, Kentucky". kentuckytourism.com. Kentucky Department of Travel and Tourism. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  36. ^ "Claudia Sanders Dinner House". claudiasanders.com. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  37. ^ Quoted in "Kentucky Fried Chicken of Bowling Green, Inc. v. Sanders". Kentucky Supreme Court. March 14, 1978. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  38. ^ a b J. Y. Smith (December 17, 1980). "Col. Sanders, the Fried-Chicken Gentleman, Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  39. ^ Miller, John Winn (December 16, 1980). "Flags at half-staff to honor Sanders". Associated Press. Louisville, Ky. – Flags were flying at half-staff here today as Kentucky honored Col. Harland sanders, the smiling, white-suited gentleman whose "secret recipe" started an international fried chicken empire.
    Sanders, founder of the Kentucky Fried Chicken franchise, died Tuesday at age 90.
    The immediate cause of death was pneumonia, aggravated by leukemia, said KFC spokesman John Cox.
    ...
    Sanders had been hospitalized Nov. 7 for treatment of an infection of the kidney and bladder. While undergoing treatment, he developed pneumonia for the third time this year and lapsed into critical condition.
    During an earlier hospital stay, doctors found he also was suffering from leukemia, a blood disease.
  40. ^ "Col. Sanders, fried chicken king, dead". Chicago Tribune. December 17, 1980. p. 5.
  41. ^ "Col. Sanders, 90, Dies of Pneumonia". The Washington Post. December 17, 1980.
  42. ^ Smith, J. Y. (December 17, 1980). "Col. Sanders, the Fried-Chicken Gentleman, Dies". Washington Post.
  43. ^ Howard, Theresa (September 28, 1998). "KFC, with Pepsi, Mulls Putting New 'Colonel' On Proprietary Beverage". Brandweek. Highbeam Business. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  44. ^ La Monica, Paul R. (May 19, 2015). "KFC is bringing back Colonel Sanders". CNNMoney. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  45. ^ Downs, Jere (May 27, 2015). "Some Colonel Sanders fans find new ads distastefull". USA Today. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  46. ^ Kulp, Patrick (May 29, 2015). "KFC likes that you hate the new Colonel Sanders because at least you're feeling something". Mashable. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  47. ^ Watrous, Monica (May 28, 2015). "The Revival of KFC". Food Business News. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  48. ^ O'Reilly, Lara (August 17, 2015). "KFC has another new Colonel – and it'll be hoping some viewers hate these ads as much as the last". Business Insider. Archived from the original on December 26, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  49. ^ Johnson, Lauren (February 6, 2016). "KFC Swaps Out Norm Macdonald for Jim Gaffigan as Its Latest 'Real' Colonel". Adweek. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  50. ^ Moran, Victoria (June 23, 2016). "KFC Brings in an Extra-Bronzed George Hamilton to Play Extra Crispy Colonel". Advertising Age. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  51. ^ Griner, David (August 22, 2016). "Sanders Is Ripped and Ready to Rumble in WWE's Twist on KFC's Colonel Campaign". Adweek. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  52. ^ Miller, Kate (September 8, 2016). "Watch Rob Riggle as KFC's newest Colonel Sanders". The Kansas City Star.
  53. ^ "'Titanic' villain Billy Zane tapped as new Colonel Sanders to debut 'Georgia Gold' chicken". Fox News. January 27, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
  54. ^ D'Angelo, Bob (April 22, 2017). "Rob Lowe debuts as KFC's newest colonel Sunday". WHIO-TV. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  55. ^ KFC Explores The Final Frontier With Colonel Rob Lowe (21 Apr, 2017, 08:59 ET)
    Quote:
    "My grandfather was the head of the Ohio chapter of the National Restaurant Association in the 1960s and took me to meet Colonel Harland Sanders when I was a kid. It was a big deal. I thought this would be a nice homage to both Colonel Sanders and to my grandfather," said Lowe. "Plus, we're sending the Zinger chicken sandwich to space. You kind of can't beat that."
  56. ^ "WWE 2K18 scores the secret recipe for KFC's Colonel Sanders as a playable wrestler". October 9, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  57. ^ Hughes, William (January 25, 2018). "Congratulations to Reba McEntire, America's first female Colonel Sanders". The A.V. Club.
  58. ^ "KFC taps former 'Seinfeld' star Jason Alexander as new Colonel Sanders". Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  59. ^ https://www.thrillist.com/news/nation/whos-the-new-colonel-sanders-the-mountain-game-of-thrones#
  60. ^ White, Paul (August 21, 2003). "The Colonel's curse runs deep". USA Today. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
  61. ^ Diaz, Eric (July 8, 2016). "KFC'S Col. Sanders Comes to the DC Multiverse. For Real". Nerdist. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  62. ^ Miller, Laura (February 6, 2005). "Crossing Over". The New York Times. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  63. ^ Brown, Angela K, President of KFC Japan buys Colonel Sanders' trademark white suit at auction for $21K Archived November 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Associated Press 6/22/13
  64. ^ "KFC's Col. Sanders' White Suit Fetches $21,510". ABC News. June 22, 2012. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  65. ^ "KFC Founder Colonel Harland Sander's Secret Manuscript to Be Revealed". Fox News. Associated Press. November 10, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
  66. ^ Peterson, Kim (November 11, 2011). "KFC discovers Colonel Sanders' secret book". MSN Money. Associated Press. Archived from the original on July 3, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  67. ^ "Colonel Harland Sanders Charitable Organization, Inc". Canadian registered charities. Canada Revenue Agency. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  68. ^ "Child & Family Services". Trillium Health Partners. Archived from the original on September 6, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  69. ^ Picard, Andre (November 13, 2008). "Health care in a bucket with fries". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  70. ^ "Colonel Harland Sanders Charitable Organization - Quick View". Charities listing. Canada Revenue Agency.
  71. ^ a b c "Christmas with Colonel Sanders. Kentucky Fried Chicken". Retrieved September 29, 2018.

Sources

Further reading

  • Pearce, John, The Colonel (1982) ISBN 0-385-18122-1
  • Encyclopedia of Kentucky. New York, New York: Somerset Publishers. 1987. pp. 185–186. ISBN 0-403-09981-1.

External links

Arthur Treacher's

Arthur Treacher's Fish & Chips is a fast food seafood restaurant chain. At the peak of its popularity in the late 1970s, it had about 800 stores. As of May 2018, there are only seven remaining: three in New York and four in Ohio. Most locations have been co-branded with Nathan's Famous. The menu offers fried seafood or chicken, accompanied by chips. Its main competitors are Long John Silver's and Captain D's.

Chicken (gay slang)

Chicken can be used, usually by gay men referring to other gay men, to mean a young gay man or young-appearing gay man—stereotypically describing an adolescent or pre-adolescent youth.

Author Bruce Rodgers defines the term as "1. any boy under the age of consent, heterosexual, fair of face, and unfamiliar with homosexuality ("So many chickens were flapping around that I thought we were touring Colonel Sanders' plantation”) 2. juvenile, youthful, young-looking." Others have defined it as a young man who engages in sex for money or favors.In the subculture of the gay community which uses handkerchiefs or bandanas as a code, people who identify as "Chicken" wear a Kewpie doll in their left back pocket. Those who are interested in young men - referred to as chickenhawks—are denoted in the hanky code as wearing one on the right.The term has existed in the gay vernacular for many decades, and is still used today. David Henry Sterry, a former prostitute turned actor and director, titled his 2002 memoir, Chicken: Self-Portrait of a Young Man for Rent. Author Philip Herbst traces its origin to the 19th century, where it was used to describe the youngest sailors on a ship, who were often used for sexual purposes.

Colonel Sanders (disambiguation)

Colonel Sanders (1890–1980) was an American businessman and the founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken.

Colonel Sanders may also refer to:

Addison Hiatt Sanders (1823–1912), a colonel in the Union Army, American Civil War

Frank Powell Sanders (1919–1997), a lt. colonel and Under Secretary of the (United States) Navy

John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders (1840–1864), a colonel in the Confederate States Army, American Civil War

Peter Sanders (Indian Army officer) (1911–2003), a lt. colonel in the Indian Army

William Price Sanders (1833–1863), a colonel in the Union Army, American Civil War

Harry Sanders, a lead character in African novels of Edgar Wallace

Curse of the Colonel

Curse of the Colonel (カーネルサンダースの呪い, Kāneru Sandāsu no Noroi) refers to an urban legend regarding a reputed curse placed on the Japanese Kansai-based Hanshin Tigers baseball team by deceased KFC founder and mascot Colonel Harland Sanders.

The curse was said to be placed on the team because of the Colonel's anger over treatment of one of his store-front statues, which was thrown into the Dōtonbori River by celebrating Hanshin fans following their team's victory in the 1985 Japan Championship Series. As is common with sports-related curses, the Curse of the Colonel was used to explain the team's subsequent 18-year losing streak. Some fans believed the team would never win another Japan Series until the statue had been recovered. They have appeared in the Japan Series three times since then, losing in 2003, 2005 and 2014.

Comparisons are often made between the Hanshin Tigers and the Boston Red Sox, who were said to be under the Curse of the Bambino until they won the World Series in 2004. The "Curse of the Colonel" has also been used as a bogeyman threat to those who would divulge the secret recipe of eleven herbs and spices that result in the unique taste of his chicken.

Darrell Hammond

Darrell Clayton Hammond (born October 8, 1955) is an American actor, stand-up comedian and impressionist. He was a regular cast member on Saturday Night Live from 1995 to 2009.

Upon his departure, Hammond, at age 53, was the oldest cast member in the show's history. Hammond made more SNL appearances than any other cast member and impersonated more than 107 celebrities, with Bill Clinton as his most frequent impression.Hammond held the record for most impersonations by an SNL cast member with 107, until he was surpassed by Kenan Thompson on May 3, 2014.

On September 19, 2014, Hammond was announced as the new announcer of SNL, replacing Don Pardo, who had died the month before. In May 2015, he began portraying Colonel Sanders in television commercials for Kentucky Fried Chicken, although he was replaced by Norm Macdonald, also a former SNL cast member, just three months later.

Frank P. Sanders

Frank Powell Sanders (July 13, 1919 – August 18, 1997) was United States Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller) 1971-72 and Under Secretary of the Navy 1972-73.

Gerardo Yepiz

Gerardo Yépiz Velázquez (born October 3, 1970) is a Mexican graphic artist. He launched the first Mexican Mail Art website in 1995, and became known for his downloadable stencils, which set a model for young artists, and used street installation and graffiti as a critical forum. He also goes by the name "Acamonchi", a slang term for piggyback riding in northern Mexico.

Acamonchi began his career in the mid-1980s as part of a cross-cultural underground scene in southern California and northern Mexico that was heavily influenced by fanzines and the skate punk countercultures. His early work focused on images of the Mexican television host Raul Velasco and assassinated presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio. According to Acamonchi, Velasco represents the mindless entertainment provided by the Mexican media. He describes Colosio—shot on live television in 1994, during a campaign rally in Tijuana—as the Mexican equivalent to John F. Kennedy. Colosio's face is a poignant reminder of political corruption and Tijuana's notorious outlaw reputation, but Acamonchi makes his point by mixing the image of Colosio with one of Colonel Sanders.Since then, he has created images for the Nortec Collective. He works in San Diego. and was artist

History of KFC

KFC (Kentucky Fried Chicken) was founded by Colonel Harland Sanders, an entrepreneur who began selling fried chicken from his roadside restaurant in Corbin, Kentucky, during the Great Depression. Sanders identified the potential of restaurant franchising, and the first "Kentucky Fried Chicken" franchise opened in Salt Lake City, Utah in 1952. KFC popularized chicken in the fast-food industry, diversifying the market by challenging the established dominance of the hamburger. Branding himself "Colonel Sanders", the founder became a prominent figure of American cultural history, and his image remains widely used in KFC advertising. The company's rapid expansion made it too large for Sanders to manage, so in 1964 he sold the company to a group of investors led by John Y. Brown, Jr. and Jack C. Massey.

KFC was one of the first fast-food chains to expand internationally, opening outlets in England, Mexico and Jamaica by the mid-1960s. Throughout the 1970s and 80s, KFC experienced mixed success domestically, as it went through a series of changes in corporate ownership with little or no experience in the restaurant business. In the early 1970s, KFC was sold to the spirits distributor Heublein, which was taken over by the R.J. Reynolds food and tobacco conglomerate, which later sold the chain to PepsiCo. The chain continued to expand overseas, and in 1987 KFC became the first Western restaurant chain to open in China.

In 1997, PepsiCo spun off its restaurants division as Tricon Global Restaurants, which changed its name to Yum! Brands in 2002. Yum! has proven to be a more focused owner than Pepsi, and although KFC's number of outlets has declined in the US, the company has continued to grow in Asia, South America and Africa. The chain has expanded to 18,875 outlets across 118 countries and territories, with 4,563 outlets in China alone, KFC's largest market.

John Schnatter

John H. Schnatter (born November 23, 1961), nicknamed commercially as Papa John, is an American entrepreneur who founded Papa John's Pizza. Schnatter stepped down as CEO on January 1, 2018, after comments he made in November 2017 criticizing National Football League commissioner Roger Goodell for allegedly not doing anything about national anthem protests by football players. He was succeeded as CEO by President and COO Steve Ritchie, but remained chairman of the board of directors until July 2018. He then resigned as chairman of the board on July 11, 2018, when a scandal broke out over his use of a racial slur when trying to minimize the controversy over his NFL national anthem comments by alleging that Colonel Sanders had used the slur and it had not affected his popularity.

KFC

KFC, also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is an American fast food restaurant chain that specializes in fried chicken. Headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky, it is the world's second-largest restaurant chain (as measured by sales) after McDonald's, with almost 20,000 locations globally in 123 countries and territories as of December 2015. The chain is a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, a restaurant company that also owns the Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, and WingStreet chains.

KFC was founded by Colonel Harland Sanders, an entrepreneur who began selling fried chicken from his roadside restaurant in Corbin, Kentucky, during the Great Depression. Sanders identified the potential of the restaurant franchising concept, and the first "Kentucky Fried Chicken" franchise opened in Utah in 1952. KFC popularized chicken in the fast food industry, diversifying the market by challenging the established dominance of the hamburger. By branding himself as "Colonel Sanders", Harland became a prominent figure of American cultural history, and his image remains widely used in KFC advertising to this day. However, the company's rapid expansion overwhelmed the aging Sanders, and he sold it to a group of investors led by John Y. Brown Jr. and Jack C. Massey in 1964.

KFC was one of the first American fast food chains to expand internationally, opening outlets in Canada, the United Kingdom, Mexico, and Jamaica by the mid-1960s. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, it experienced mixed fortunes domestically, as it went through a series of changes in corporate ownership with little or no experience in the restaurant business. In the early 1970s, KFC was sold to the spirits distributor Heublein, which was taken over by the R.J. Reynolds food and tobacco conglomerate; that company sold the chain to PepsiCo. The chain continued to expand overseas, however, and in 1987, it became the first Western restaurant chain to open in China. It has since expanded rapidly in China, which is now the company's single largest market. PepsiCo spun off its restaurants division as Tricon Global Restaurants, which later changed its name to Yum! Brands.

KFC's original product is pressure-fried chicken pieces, seasoned with Sanders' recipe of 11 herbs and spices. The constituents of the recipe represent a notable trade secret. Larger portions of fried chicken are served in a cardboard "bucket", which has become a well-known feature of the chain since it was first introduced by franchisee Pete Harman in 1957. Since the early 1990s, KFC has expanded its menu to offer other chicken products such as chicken fillet sandwiches and wraps, as well as salads and side dishes such as French fries and coleslaw, desserts, and soft drinks; the latter often supplied by PepsiCo. KFC is known for its slogans "It's Finger Lickin' Good!", "Nobody does chicken like KFC", and "So good".

KFC Eleven

KFC Eleven was a fast casual dining restaurant launched by KFC on August 15, 2013. The name "KFC Eleven" references Colonel Sanders' secret 11 herbs and spices. There was only one KFC Eleven restaurant in the world, located in Louisville, Kentucky, and it closed on April 24, 2015. The concept restaurant offered dishes with grilled or fried chicken as the main ingredient.

A similar venture under the same name was launched in the United Kingdom and Ireland, focusing on fresh, local and organic foods on the menu. These concept stores are mostly conversions of 'express' outlets in town and city centres, especially where there is a second, traditional KFC within approximately one mile.

KFC Original Recipe

The KFC Original Recipe is the secret mix of ingredients that fast food restaurant chain KFC uses to produce fried chicken.

KFC advertising

KFC has been an extensive advertiser since the establishment of the first franchise in 1952.

Founder Harland Sanders initially developed his "Colonel" persona as a low-cost marketing tool. The Colonel image is still used extensively in the chain's advertising.

The chain is well known for the "finger lickin' good" slogan, which originated in 1956.

London, Kentucky

London is a home rule-class city in Laurel County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county. The population was 7,993 at the time of the 2010 U.S. census. London, Kentucky, is the second-largest city named London in the United States and the fourth-largest in the world. It is part of the London, Kentucky micropolitan area. Of the seventeen micropolitan areas in Kentucky, London is the largest; the London micropolitan area's 2010 Census population was 126,369. London is also home to the annual World Chicken Festival that celebrates the life of Colonel Sanders and features the world's largest skillet.

Medicinal Fried Chicken

"Medicinal Fried Chicken" is the third episode of the fourteenth season of the American animated television series South Park, and the 198th episode of the series overall. It originally aired on Comedy Central in the United States on March 31, 2010. In the episode, the South Park KFC is replaced by a medical marijuana dispensary, and Cartman gets involved in black market selling the KFC chicken. Meanwhile, Randy Marsh gets a medical referral for marijuana by giving himself testicular cancer, which makes his testicles grow to grotesquely huge proportions.

The episode was written and directed by series co-creator Trey Parker, and was rated TV-MA in the United States. "Medicinal Fried Chicken" was first broadcast when Colorado was considering revising state medicinal marijuana laws and restricting fast food eateries. The episode provided social commentary against both types of laws, and suggested legislating lifestyle choices is ineffective and inevitably leads to black markets.

The Cartman drug market subplot was heavily influenced by the 1983 crime film Scarface, with Cartman resembling fictional drug lord Tony Montana and KFC founder Colonel Sanders as antagonist Alejandro Sosa. The episode also included several jokes about Pope Benedict XVI and the child sexual abuse scandals that had been surrounding the Catholic Church at the time. The concept of a former KFC restaurant becoming a marijuana dispensary came from a news story about a real marijuana dispensary in Palms, Los Angeles, built at a site formerly housing a Kentucky Fried Chicken franchise."Medicinal Fried Chicken" received generally positive reviews, with many commentators praising the social commentary and sophomoric testicle jokes alike. According to Nielsen Media Research, the episode was seen by 2.99 million viewers, making it one of the most successful cable programs of the week. Although a KFC spokesman had a lukewarm response to "Medicinal Fried Chicken", officials from the KFC hometown of Corbin, Kentucky were pleased the city was featured in the episode.

Pete Harman

Leon Weston "Pete" Harman (January 16, 1919 – November 19, 2014) was an American businessman best known for having struck a deal with Colonel Harland Sanders to open the first KFC franchise. Located in Salt Lake City, Utah it opened for business in August 1952.

Harman was born in 1919 in Granger, now a part of West Valley City, a suburb of Salt Lake City, Utah to David Reese Harman (1874–1924) and Grace May Hemenway (1879–1919) . Harman was the youngest of 14 children in a Mormon family. Harman's mother died two days after he was born, and his father later married Caroline Hemenway Harman, the widow of Pete's uncle. Harman was a major donor to the construction of the Caroline Hemenway Harman Continuing Education Building at Brigham Young University, named after his step-mother.Harman and his wife, Arline, opened their first restaurant, The Do Drop Inn, with two employees in 1941. They had met in the 1930s while both employees at the same restaurant in San Francisco, California, and married in 1938.

Harman worked with Colonel Sanders to develop and prepare the KFC system for franchising, working to develop training manuals and product guides. His other claims to fame are the development of the bucket packaging and the emphasis on the "Finger-lickin' good" motto.

In 1990 the International Foodservice Manufacturer Association recognized Harman's achievements with its Gold Plate Award. At the time of the award the Harman Management Corp. of Los Altos, California, employed over 4,000 people and operated 238 KFC stores in four states. Credit for his success was given to his enlightened practices towards his staff including stock purchase schemes.

His original KFC building was demolished in 2004 to make way for a museum and an updated restaurant. Harman relocated to Los Altos, California as the scope of his business expanded in the 1960s. He lived there until his death on November 19, 2014, at 95 years old.

Randy Bass

Randy William Bass (born March 13, 1954) is an American politician and former baseball player. He is less notable for his career in Major League Baseball than for his success in Nippon Professional Baseball for the Hanshin Tigers. Since 2004, Bass has served as a Democratic State Senator from Oklahoma, representing District 32.

Van Dyke beard

A Van Dyke (sometimes spelled Vandyke, or Van Dyck) is a style of facial hair named after the 17th-century Flemish painter Anthony van Dyck (1599–1641). A Van Dyke specifically consists of any growth of both a moustache and goatee with all hair on the cheeks shaven. Even this particular style, though, has many variants, including a curled moustache versus a non-curled one and a soul patch versus none. The style is sometimes called a "Charlie" after King Charles I of England, who was painted with this type of beard by van Dyck. "Pike-devant" or "pickedevant" are other little-known synonyms for a Van Dyke beard.

World Chicken Festival

The World Chicken Festival is an annual event held in downtown London, Kentucky, in Laurel County, on the last weekend in September.

The festival celebrates the life of Colonel Sanders, founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken. Laurel County is the home to the original KFC restaurant in Corbin, Kentucky, founded in the 1940s.

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