A national championship in the highest level of college football in the United States, currently the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), is a designation awarded annually by various organizations to their selection of the best college football team. Division I FBS football is the only National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sport for which the NCAA does not sanction a yearly championship event. As such, it is sometimes unofficially referred to as a "mythical national championship".
Due to the lack of an official NCAA title, determining the nation's top college football team has often engendered controversy. A championship team is independently declared by multiple individuals and organizations, often referred to as "selectors".:107–109 These choices are not always unanimous. In 1969 even the President of the United States Richard Nixon declared a national champion by announcing, ahead of the season-ending game between #1 Texas and #2 Arkansas, that the winner of that game would receive a plaque from the President himself, commemorating that team as the year's national champion. Texas went on to win that game, 15–14.
While the NCAA has never officially endorsed a championship team, it has documented the choices of some selectors in its official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records publication.:107–119 In addition, various analysts have independently published their own choices for each season. These opinions can often diverge with others as well as individual schools' claims to national titles, which may or may not correlate to the selections published elsewhere. Currently, two of the most widely recognized national champion selectors are the Associated Press, which conducts a poll of sportswriters, and the Coaches Poll, a survey of active members of the American Football Coaches Association.
Since 1992, various consortia of major bowl games have aimed to invite the top two teams at the end of the regular season (as determined by internal rankings, or aggregates of the major polls and other statistics) to compete in what is intended to be the de facto national championship game. The current iteration of this practice, the College Football Playoff, selects four teams to participate in national semi-finals hosted by two of six partner bowl games, with their winners advancing to the College Football Playoff National Championship.
|National championships in NCAA Division I FBS|
|National championship trophies|
|Longest continuous selector||Associated Press (1936–present)|
|First season awarded||1869|
|Last completed season||2018|
The concept of a national championship in college football dates to the early years of the sport in the late 19th century, and the earliest contemporaneous polls can be traced to Caspar Whitney, Charles Patterson, and The Sun in 1901. Therefore, the concept of polls and national champions predated mathematical ranking systems, but it was Frank Dickinson's math system that was one of the first to be widely popularized. His system named 10–0 Stanford the national champion of 1926, prior to their tie with Alabama in the Rose Bowl. A curious Knute Rockne, then coach of Notre Dame, had Dickinson backdate two seasons, which produced Notre Dame as the 1924 national champion and Dartmouth in 1925.
A number of other mathematical systems were born in the 1920s and 1930s and were the only organized methods selecting national champions until the Associated Press began polling sportswriters in 1936 to obtain rankings. Alan J. Gould, the creator of the AP Poll, named Minnesota, Princeton, and SMU co-champions in 1935, and polled writers the following year, which resulted in a national championship for Minnesota. The AP's main competition, United Press, created the first Coaches Poll in 1950. For that year and the next three, the AP and UP agreed on the national champion. The first "split" championship occurred in 1954, when the writers selected Ohio State and the coaches chose UCLA. The two polls also disagreed in 1957, 1965, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1990, 1991, 1997, and 2003. The Coaches Poll would stay with United Press (UP) when they merged with International News Service (INS) to form United Press International (UPI) but was acquired by USA Today and CNN in 1991. The poll was in the hands of USA Today and ESPN from 1997 to 2005 before moving to sole ownership by USA Today. Beginning in 2014, Amway became a joint sponsor with USA Today.
Though some of the math systems selected champions after the bowl games, both of the major polls released their rankings after the end of the regular season until the AP polled writers after the bowls in 1965, resulting in what was perceived at the time as a better championship selection (Alabama) than UPI's (Michigan State). After 1965, the AP again voted before the bowls for two years, before permanently returning to a post-bowl vote in 1968. The coaches did not conduct a vote after the bowls until 1974, in the wake of awarding their 1973 championship to Alabama, who lost to the AP champion, undefeated Notre Dame, in the Sugar Bowl. The AP and Coaches polls remain the major rankings to this day.
The Bowl Championship Series, famous for its use of math, was the successor of the Bowl Alliance (1995–1997), which was itself the successor of the Bowl Coalition (1992–1994). Besides the many adjustments it underwent during its tenure, including a large overhaul following the 2004 season that included the replacement of the AP Poll with the Harris poll, the BCS remained a mixture of math and human polls since its inception in 1998, with the goal of matching the best two teams in the nation in a national championship bowl game which rotated yearly between the Sugar, Fiesta, Rose, and Orange Bowls from 1998 to 2005, and later a standalone game titled the BCS National Championship Game (2006 to 2013). The winner of the BCS Championship Game was awarded the national championship of the Coaches Poll thus winning the AFCA National Championship Trophy. The BCS winner also received the MacArthur Bowl from the National Football Foundation. Neither the AP Poll, nor other current selectors, had contractual obligations to select the BCS champion as their national champion. The BCS resulted in a number of controversies, most notably after the 2003 season, when the BCS championship game did not include eventual AP champion USC, the only time the two championships have diverged since the advent of the BCS. After many seasons of controversy, the BCS was replaced with the College Football Playoff, a Plus-One system aimed at reducing the controversy involved in which teams get to play in a championship game through use of a tournament.
The NCAA maintains an official records book of historical statistics and records for football. In the records book, with consultation from various college football historians, it has created and maintains a list of "major selectors" of national championships throughout the history of college football along with their championship picks for each season.:107–116
A variety of selectors have named national champions throughout the years. They generally can be divided into four categories: those determined by mathematical formula, human polls, historical research, and recently, playoffs. The selectors below are listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records as having been deemed to be "major selectors" for which the criteria is that the poll or selector be "national in scope either through distribution in newspaper, television, radio and/or computer online".:107–109 The former selectors, deemed instrumental in the sport of college football, and selectors that were included for the calculation of the BCS standing, are listed together.:107–116,119
The mathematical system is the oldest systematic selector of college football national champions. Many of the math selectors were created during the "championship rush" of the 1920s and 1930s, beginning with Frank Dickinson's system, or during the dawn of the computer age in the 1990s. Selectors are listed below with years selected retroactively in italics.
|A&H||Anderson & Hester||1997–present|
|B(QPRS)||Berryman (QPRS)||1920–1989, 1990–2011|
|BR||Billingsley Reporta||1869–1870, 1872–1969, 1970–present|
|BS||Boand System||1919–1929, 1930–1960|
|CCR||Congrove Computer Rankings||1993–present|
|DeS||DeVold System||1939–1944, 1945–2006|
|DiS||Dickinson System||1924–1925, 1926–1940|
|ERS||Eck Ratings System||1987–2005|
|HS||Houlgate System||1885, 1887–1905, 1907–1926, 1927–1949|
|L||Litkenhous||1934–1972, 1974, 1978, 1981–1984|
|MCFR||Massey College Football Ratings||1995–present|
|MGR||Matthews Grid Ratings||1966–1972, 1974–2006|
|NYT||New York Times||1979–2004|
|PS||Poling System||1924–1934, 1935–1955, 1957–1984|
|SR||Sagarin Ratings||1919–1977, 1978–present|
|WS||Williamson System||1931, 1932–1963|
aThe Billingsley Report also provides an alternate selection that uses margin-of-victory in its calculation. The NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book notes both selections in years where they disagree.:107–116
The poll has been the dominant national champion selector since the inception of the AP Poll in 1936. It is notable that the NFF merged its poll with UPI from 1991 to 1992, with USA Today from 1993 to 1996, and with the FWAA from 2014 forward. Selectors are listed below with years selected retroactively in italics.
For many years, the national champion of various polls were selected prior to the bowl games. The national champion was selected before bowl games as follows: AP (1936–1964 and 1966–1967), Coaches Poll (1950–1973), FWAA (1954), and NFF (1959–1970). In all other latter-day polls, champions were selected after bowl games.:107–119
During the BCS era, the winner of the BCS Championship Game was automatically awarded the national championship of the Coaches Poll and the National Football Foundation.
|American Football Coaches Association
AFCA Blue Ribbon Commission
United Press International
|CFRA||College Football Researchers Association||1919–1935, 1936–1981, 1982–1992, 2010–present|
|FWAA||Football Writers Association of America||1954–2013c|
|FWAA/NFF||FWAA-NFF Grantland Rice Super 16||2014–presentc|
|HAF||Helms Athletic Foundation||1883–1935, 1936–1940, 1941–1982|
|INS||International News Service||1952–1957|
|NCF||National Championship Foundation||1869–1870, 1872–1935, 1936–1979, 1980–2000|
|NFF||National Football Foundation||1959–1990, 1997–2013c d e|
|UPI||United Press International||1993–1995f|
|UPI/NFF||United Press International/National Football Foundation||1991–1992e|
|USAT/NFF||USA Today/National Football Foundation||1993–1996d|
aAt the request of several schools, the AFCA established a "Blue Ribbon Commission" in 2016 to begin retroactively selecting Coaches' Trophy winners from 1922 through 1949.
bServed as the Coaches Poll during the designated years, but also conducted their own poll at different times.
cThe Football Writers Association of America merged its poll with that of the National Football Foundation members beginning in 2014; as a result, the Grantland Trophy was retired and the FWAA/NFF national champion now receives the MacArthur Bowl.:116
dUSA Today took over, from the UPI, the poll of the National Football Foundation's members in 1993, and its winner was designated by the NFF as its national champion and received the MacArthur Bowl. The poll was conducted by USA Today through the 1996 season, although national championship selections in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records do not distinguish the NFF from the USAT/NFF poll in 1995 and 1996. Not to be confused with the USA Today/CNN Coaches Poll, which USA Today conducted separately.
eUPI conducted the Coaches Poll through the 1990 season, which was subsequently taken over by CNN/USA Today. UPI then conducted a poll of National Football Foundation members in 1991 and 1992, the winner of which was designated by the NFF as its national champion and received the MacArthur Bowl.
fUPI conducted its own poll from 1993 to 1995, after the National Football Foundation Poll was taken over by USA Today.
gUSA Today conducted its own poll of college football sportswriters in 1982, then joined with CNN to do their own joint poll until they took over the Coaches Poll starting with the 1991 season.
College football historian Parke H. Davis is the only selector considered by the NCAA to have primarily used research in his selections.:107–109 Davis did all of his work in 1933, naming retroactive national champions for most of the years from 1869 to 1932 while naming Michigan and Princeton (his alma mater) co-champions at the end of the 1933 season.
|PD||Parke H. Davis||1869–1870, 1872–1909, 1911–1916, 1919–1932, 1933|
The Bowl Championship Series used a mathematical system that combined polls (Coaches and AP/Harris) and multiple computer rankings (including some individual selectors listed above) to determine a season ending matchup between its top two ranked teams in the BCS Championship Game. The champion of that game was contractually awarded the Coaches Poll and National Football Foundation championships.
|BCS||Bowl Championship Series||1998–2013|
Unlike all selectors prior to 2014, the College Football Playoff does not use math, polls or research to select the participants. Rather, a 13-member committee selects and seeds the teams. The playoff system marked the first time any championship selector arranged a bracket competition to determine whom it would declare to be its champion.
|CFP||College Football Playoff||2014–present|
Below is a list of the national champions of college football from 1869 to present (with the exception of 1871, in which no games were played) deemed to be chosen by "major selectors" as listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records.:107–109 Many teams did not have coaches as late as 1899. "Consensus" selectors in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records correspond to the period from 1950 to present which began with the introduction of the two poll system upon the appearance of the Coaches Poll in 1950. Selectors used to determine teams listed as "Consensus National Champions" in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records include the AP Poll, Coaches Poll, Football Writers Association of America, and the National Football Foundation/College Football Hall of Fame.:119
The first contemporaneous poll to include teams across the country and selection of a national champions can be traced to Caspar Whitney in 1901. The last retroactive selection was made by Clyde Berryman in 1989 (Notre Dame). The tie was removed from college football in 1995 and the last consensus champion with a tie in its record was Georgia Tech in 1990. The 1947 Michigan Wolverines are often credited with a national championship on the basis of a "free poll" conducted by an AP sportswriter after the 1948 Rose Bowl, though that poll was unofficial and it is not recognized in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records.:107–109
Note that the Harris Interactive Poll (2005–2013) was contracted by the BCS to help formulate its standings, and although its final ranking which occurs prior to the bowl games is listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records, it does not conduct a final poll or award or name a national champion on its own.
As designated by the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records, the table below shows:
A letter next to any season, team, record, coach or selector indicates a footnote that appears at the bottom of the table.
|1869||Princeton||1–1||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|1870||Princeton||1–0||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|1871||None||No games played|
|1872||Princeton||1–0||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|1873||Princeton||2–0||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|1876||Yale||3–0||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|1878||Princeton||6–0||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|1879||Princeton||4–0–1||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|Yale||4–0–1||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|1882||Yale||8–0||BR, NCF, PD||:110|
|1883||Yale||9–0||BR, HAF, NCF, PD||:110|
|Yale||8–0–1||HAF, NCF, PD||:110|
|1885||Princeton||9–0||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|Yale||9–0–1||HAF, NCF, PD||:110|
|1887||Yale||9–0||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|1888||Yale||13–0||Walter Camp||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|1889||Princeton||10–0||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|1890||Harvard||11–0||George C. Adams, George A. Stewart||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|1891||Yale||13–0||Walter Camp||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|1892||Yale||13–0||Walter Camp||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|1893||Princeton||11–0||BR, HAF, HS, NCF||:110|
|1894||Penn||12–0||George Washington Woodruff||PD||:110|
|Yale||16–0||William Rhodes||BR, HAF, NCF, PD||:110|
|1895||Penn||14–0||George Washington Woodruff||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|Yale||13–0–2||John A. Hartwell||PD||:110|
|1896||Lafayette||11–0–1||Parke H. Davis||NCF, PD||:110|
|Princeton||10–0–1||Franklin Morse||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|1897||Penn||15–0||George Washington Woodruff||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:110|
|1898||Harvard||11–0||William Forbes||BR, HAF, HS, NCF||:110|
|1899||Harvard||10–0–1||Benjamin Dibblee||HAF, HS, NCF||:111|
|1900||Yale||12–0||Malcolm McBride||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|Michigan||11–0||Fielding H. Yost||HAF, HS, NCF||:111|
|Yale||11–1–1||George S. Stillman||PDa||:111|
|1902||Michigan||11–0||Fielding H. Yost||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|Yale||11–0–1||Joseph R. Swan||PD||:111|
|1903||Michigan||11–0–1||Fielding H. Yost||NCF||:111|
|Princeton||11–0||Art Hillebrand||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|1904||Michigan||10–0||Fielding H. Yost||NCF||:111|
|Penn||12–0||Carl S. Williams||HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|1905||Chicago||10–0||Amos Alonzo Stagg||BR, HAF, HS, NCF||:111|
|Yale||10–0||Jack Owsley||CW, PD||:111|
|1906||Princeton||9–0–1||William Roper||HAF, NCF||:111|
|Yale||9–0–1||Foster Rockwell||BR, CW, PD||:111|
|1907||Yale||9–0–1||William F. Knox||BR, CW, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|Penn||11–0–1||Sol Metzger||HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|1909||Yale||10–0||Howard Jones||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|1910||Harvard||8–0–1||Percy Haughton||BR, HAF, HS, NCF||:111|
|Pittsburgh||9–0||Joseph H. Thompson||NCF||:111|
|1911||Minnesota||6–0–1||Henry L. Williams||BR||:111|
|Penn State||8–0–1||Bill Hollenback||NCF||:111|
|Princeton||8–0–2||William Roper||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|1912||Harvard||9–0||Percy Haughton||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|Penn State||8–0||Bill Hollenback||NCF||:111|
|Chicago||7–0||Amos Alonzo Stagg||BR, PD||:111|
|Harvard||9–0||Percy Haughton||HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|1914||Army||9–0||Charles Daly||HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|Illinois||7–0||Robert Zuppke||BR, PD||:111|
|1915||Cornell||9–0||Albert Sharpe||HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|Minnesota||6–0–1||Henry L. Williams||BR||:111|
|Pittsburgh||8–0||Glenn "Pop" Warner||PD||:111|
|Georgia Tech||8–0-1||John Heisman||BR||:111|
|Pittsburgh||8–0||Glenn "Pop" Warner||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|1917||Georgia Tech||9–0||John Heisman||BR, HAF, HS, NCF||:111|
|1918||Michigan||5–0||Fielding H. Yost||BR, NCF||:111|
|Pittsburgh||4–1||Glenn "Pop" Warner||HAF, HS, NCF||:111|
|Harvard||9–0–1||Bob Fisher||CFRA, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|Illinois||6–1||Robert Zuppke||BR, BS, CFRA, PD, SR||:111|
|Notre Dame||9–0||Knute Rockne||NCF, PD||:111|
|Texas A&M||10–0||Dana X. Bible||BR, NCF||:111|
|1920||California||9–0||Andy Smith||CFRA, HAF, HS, NCF, SR||:111|
|Notre Dame||9–0||Knute Rockne||BR, PD||:111|
|Princeton||6–0–1||William Roper||BS, PD||:111|
|1921||California||9–0–1||Andy Smith||BR, BS, CFRA, SR||:111|
|Cornell||8–0||Gil Dobie||HAF, HS, NCF, PD||:111|
|Iowa||7–0||Howard Jones||BR, PD||:111|
|Lafayette||9–0||Jock Sutherland||BS, PD||:111|
|Washington & Jefferson||10–0–1||Greasy Neale||BS||:111|
|1922||California||9–0||Andy Smith||BR, HS, NCF, SR||:111|
|Cornell||8–0||Gil Dobie||HAF, PD||:111|
|Princeton||8–0||William Roper||BS, CFRA, NCF, PD, SR||:111|
|Illinois||8–0||Robert Zuppke||BS, CFRA, HAF, NCF, PD, SR, B(QPRS)||:111|
|Michigan||8–0||Fielding H. Yost||BR, NCF||:111|
|1924||Notre Dame||10–0||Knute Rockne||BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, HAF, HS, NCF, PS, SR, B(QPRS)||:111|
|1925||Alabama||10–0||Wallace Wade||BR, BS, CFRA, HAF, HS, NCF, PS, SR, B(QPRS)||:111|
|Dartmouth||8–0||Jesse Hawley||DiS, PD||:111|
|Michigan||7–1||Fielding H. Yost||SR||:111|
|1926||Alabama||9–0–1||Wallace Wade||BR, CFRA, HAF, NCF, PS, B(QPRS)||:111|
|Michigan||7–1||Fielding H. Yost||SR||:111|
|Navy||9–0–1||Bill Ingram||BS, HS||:111|
|Stanford||10–0–1||Glenn "Pop" Warner||DiS, HAF, NCF, SR||:111|
|1927||Georgia||9–1||George Cecil Woodruff||BS, PS, B(QPRS)||:111–112|
|Illinois||7–0–1||Robert Zuppke||BR, DiS, HAF, NCF, PD||:112|
|Notre Dame||7–1–1||Knute Rockne||HS||:112|
|Texas A&M||8–0–1||Dana X. Bible||SR||:112|
|Georgia Tech||10–0||William Alexander||BR, BS, CFRA, HAF, HS, NCF, PD, PS, SR, B(QPRS)||:112|
|USC||9–0–1||Howard Jones||DiS, SR||:112|
|1929||Notre Dame||9–0||Knute Rockne||BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, DuS, HAF, NCF, PS, SR||:112|
|USC||10–2||Howard Jones||HS, SR, B(QPRS)||:112|
|1930||Alabama||10–0||Wallace Wade||CFRA, PD, SR, B(QPRS)||:112|
|Notre Dame||10–0||Knute Rockne||BR, BS, DiS, DuS, HAF, HS, NCF, PD, PS||:112|
|USC||10–1||Howard Jones||BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, DuS, HAF, HS, NCF, PS, SR, WS, B(QPRS)||:112|
|Michigan||8–0||Harry Kipke||DiS, PD, SR||:112|
|USC||10–0||Howard Jones||BR, BS, CFRA, DuS, HAF, HS, NCF, PD, PS, SR, WS, B(QPRS)||:112|
|1933||Michigan||7–0–1||Harry Kipke||BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, HAF, HS, NCF, PD, PS, SR, B(QPRS)||:112|
|Ohio State||7–1||Sam Willaman||DuS||:112|
|1934||Alabama||10–0||Frank Thomas||DuS, HS, PS, WS, B(QPRS)||:112|
|Minnesota||8–0||Bernie Bierman||BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, HAF, L, NCF, SR||:112|
|Minnesota||8–0||Bernie Bierman||BR, BS, CFRA, HAF, L, NCF, PS||:112|
|SMU||12–1||Matty Bell||DiS, HS, SR, B(QPRS)||:112|
|LSU||9–1–1||Bernie Moore||SR, WS||:112|
|Minnesota||7–1||Bernie Bierman||AP, BR, DiS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, PS||:112|
|Pittsburgh||8–1–1||Jock Sutherland||BS, CFRA, HS||:112|
|1937||California||10–0–1||Stub Allison||DuS, HAF||:112|
|Pittsburgh||9–0–1||Jock Sutherland||AP, BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS, B(QPRS)||:112|
|1938||Notre Dame||8–1||Elmer Layden||DiS||:112|
|TCU||11–0||Dutch Meyer||AP, HAF, NCF, WS||:112|
|Tennessee||11–0||Robert Neyland||BR, BS, CFRA, DuS, HS, L, PS, SR, B(QPRS)||:112|
|1939||Cornell||8–0||Carl Snavely||L, SR||:112|
|Texas A&M||11–0||Homer Norton||AP, BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, NCF, PS, SR, WS, B(QPRS)||:112|
|1940||Minnesota||8–0||Bernie Bierman||AP, B(QPRS), BS, CFRA, DeS, DiS, HS, L, NCF, SR||:112|
|Stanford||10–0||Clark Shaughnessy||BR, HAF, PS||:112|
|Tennessee||10–1||Robert Neyland||DuS, WS||:112|
|Minnesota||8–0||Bernie Bierman||AP, BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, PS, SR||:112|
|Texas||8–1–1||Dana X. Bible||B(QPRS), WS||:112|
|1942||Georgia||11–1||Wally Butts||B(QPRS), BR, DeS, HS, L, PS, SR, WS||:112|
|Ohio State||9–1||Paul Brown||AP, BS, DuS, CFRA, NCF||:112|
|1943||Notre Dame||9–1||Frank Leahy||AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS||:112|
|1944||Army||9–0||Earl Blaik||AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS||:112|
|Ohio State||9–0||Carroll Widdoes||NCF, SR||:112|
|Army||9–0||Earl Blaik||AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS||:112|
|Ohio State||7–2||Carroll Widdoes||BR||:112|
|Oklahoma A&M||9–0||Jim Lookabaugh||BRC||:112|
|1946||Army||9–0–1||Earl Blaik||BR, BS, CFRA, HAF, HS, PS||:112|
|Notre Dame||8–0–1||Frank Leahy||AP, B(QPRS), BS, DeS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, PS, SR||:112|
|1947||Michigan||10–0||Fritz Crisler||B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR||:112|
|Notre Dame||9–0||Frank Leahy||AP, HAF, WS||:112|
|1948||Michigan||9–0||Bennie Oosterbaan||AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS||:112|
|1949||Notre Dame||10–0||Frank Leahy||AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS||:112|
|1950||Kentucky||11–1||Paul "Bear" Bryant||SR||:112|
|Oklahoma||10–1||Bud Wilkinson||AP, B(QPRS), HAF, L, UP, WS||:112|
|Princeton||9–0||Charley Caldwell||BS, PS||:112|
|Tennessee||11–1||Robert Neyland||BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, NCF, SR||:113|
|1951||Georgia Tech||11–0–1||Bobby Dodd||B(QPRS), BS||:113|
|Maryland||10–0||Jim Tatum||CFRA, DeS, DuS, NCF, SR||:113|
|Michigan State||9–0||Biggie Munn||BR, HAF, PS||:113|
|Tennessee||10–1||Robert Neyland||AP, L, UP, WS||:113|
|1952||Georgia Tech||12–0||Bobby Dodd||B(QPRS), BR, INS, PS, SR||:113|
|Michigan State||9–0||Biggie Munn||AP, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, SR, UP, WS||:113|
|1953||Maryland||10–1||Jim Tatum||AP, INS, UP||:113|
|Notre Dame||9–0–1||Frank Leahy||BR, BS, DeS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS||:113|
|Oklahoma||9–1–1||Bud Wilkinson||B(QPRS), CFRA||:113|
|1954||Ohio State||10–0||Woody Hayes||AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, HAF, INS, NCF, PS, SR, WS||:113|
|UCLA||9–0||Henry Sanders||CFRA, DuS, FWAA, HAF, L, NCF, UP||:113|
|1955||Michigan State||9–1||Duffy Daugherty||BS||:113|
|Oklahoma||11–0||Bud Wilkinson||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FWAA, HAF, INS, L, NCF, PS, SR, UP, WS||:113|
|1956||Georgia Tech||10–1||Bobby Dodd||B(QPRS), SR||:113|
|Oklahoma||10–0||Bud Wilkinson||AP, BR, BS, DeS, DuS, FWAA, HAF, INS, L, NCF, SR, UP, WS||:113|
|1957||Auburn||10–0||Ralph Jordan||AP, BR, CFRA, HAF, NCF, PS, SR, WS||:113|
|Michigan State||8–1||Duffy Daugherty||DuS||:113|
|Ohio State||9–1||Woody Hayes||BS, DeS, FWAA, INS, L, UP||:113|
|LSU||11–0||Paul Dietzel||AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, HAF, L, NCF, PS, SR, UPI, WS||:113|
|1959||Ole Miss||10–1||Johnny Vaught||B(QPRS), DuS, SR||:113|
|Syracuse||11–0||Ben Schwartzwalder||AP, BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, NCF, NFF, PS, SR, UPI, WS||:113|
|1960||Iowa||8–1||Forest Evashevski||B(QPRS), BS, L, SR||:113|
|Minnesota||8–2||Murray Warmath||AP, FN, NFF, UPI||:113|
|Ole Miss||10–0–1||Johnny Vaught||BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FWAA, NCF, WS||:113|
|1961||Alabama||11–0||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, HAF, L, NCF, NFF, SR, UPI, WS||:113|
|Ohio State||8–0–1||Woody Hayes||FWAA, PS||:113|
|Ole Miss||10–0||Johnny Vaught||BR, L, SR||:113|
|USC||11–0||John McKay||AP, B(QPRS), CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, PS, UPI, WS||:113|
|1963||Texas||11–0||Darrell Royal||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, NCF, NFF, PS, SR, UPI, WS||:113|
|1964||Alabama||10–1||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP, B(QPRS), L, UPI||:113|
|Arkansas||11–0||Frank Broyles||BR, CFRA, FWAA, HAF, NCF, PS, SR||:113|
|Notre Dame||9–1||Ara Parseghian||DeS, FN, NFF||:113|
|1965||Alabama||9–1–1||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP, CFRA, FWAA, NCF||:113|
|Michigan State||10–1||Duffy Daugherty||B(QPRS), BR, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, NFF, PS, SR, UPI||:113|
|1966||Alabama||11–0||Paul "Bear" Bryant||B(QPRS), SR||:113|
|Michigan State||9–0–1||Duffy Daugherty||CFRA, HAF, NFF, PS||:113|
|Notre Dame||9–0–1||Ara Parseghian||AP, BR, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, PS, SR, UPI||:113|
|1967||Notre Dame||8–2||Ara Parseghian||DuS||:113|
|USC||10–1||John McKay||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, FN, FWAA, HAF, MGR, NCF, NFF, SR, UPI||:113|
|Ohio State||10–0||Woody Hayes||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SR, UPI||:113|
|Texas||9–1–1||Darrell Royal||DeS, MGR, SR||:113|
|1969||Ohio State||8–1||Woody Hayes||MGR||:113|
|Penn State||11–0||Joe Paterno||R(FACT), SR||:113|
|Texas||11–0||Darrell Royal||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SR, UPI||:113|
|1970||Arizona State||11–0||Frank Kush||PS||:113|
|Nebraska||11–0–1||Bob Devaney||AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, R(FACT), SR||:113|
|Notre Dame||10–1||Ara Parseghian||MGR, R(FACT), SR||:113|
|Ohio State||9–1||Woody Hayes||NFF||:113|
|Texas||10–1||Darrell Royal||B(QPRS), L, NFF, R(FACT), UPI||:113|
|1971||Nebraska||13–0||Bob Devaney||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SR, UPI||:113|
|1972||USC||12–0||John McKay||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SR, UPI||:113|
|1973||Alabama||11–1||Paul "Bear" Bryant||B(QPRS), UPI||:113|
|Michigan||10–0–1||Bo Schembechler||NCF, PS||:113|
|Notre Dame||11–0||Ara Parseghian||AP, BR, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF||:113|
|Ohio State||10–0–1||Woody Hayes||NCF, PS, R(FACT), SR||:114|
|Oklahoma||10–0–1||Barry Switzer||CFRA, DeS, DuS, SR||:114|
|1974||Ohio State||10–2||Woody Hayes||MGR||:114|
|Oklahoma||11–0||Barry Switzer||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, HAF, L, NCF, PS, R(FACT), SR||:114|
|USC||10–1–1||John McKay||FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, UPI||:114|
|1975||Alabama||11–1||Paul "Bear" Bryant||MGR||:114|
|Arizona State||12–0||Frank Kush||NCF, SN||:114|
|Ohio State||11–1||Woody Hayes||B(QPRS), HAF, MGR, PS, R(FACT)||:114|
|Oklahoma||11–1||Barry Switzer||AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, R(FACT), SR, UPI||:114|
|1976||Pittsburgh||12–0||Johnny Majors||AP, BR, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI||:114|
|USC||11–1||John Robinson||B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, MGR||:114|
|1977||Alabama||11–1||Paul "Bear" Bryant||CFRA||:114|
|Notre Dame||11–1||Dan Devine||AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, MGR, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI||:114|
|Texas||11–1||Fred Akers||B(QPRS), R(FACT), SR||:114|
|1978||Alabama||11–1||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP, CFRA, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, R(FACT)||:114|
|Oklahoma||11–1||Barry Switzer||DeS, DuS, HAF, L, MGR, PS, R(FACT), SR||:114|
|USC||12–1||John Robinson||B(QPRS), BR, FN, HAF, NCF, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI||:114|
|1979||Alabama||12–0||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP, B(QPRS), BR, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI||:114|
|1980||Florida State||10–2||Bobby Bowden||R(FACT)||:114|
|Georgia||12–0||Vince Dooley||AP, B(QPRS), BR, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI||:114|
|Oklahoma||10–2||Barry Switzer||DuS, MGR||:114|
|Pittsburgh||11–1||Jackie Sherrill||CFRA, DeS, NYT, R(FACT), SR||:114|
|1981||Clemson||12–0||Danny Ford||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI||:114|
|Penn State||10–2||Joe Paterno||DuS||:114|
|Penn State||11–1||Joe Paterno||AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT||:114|
|1983||Auburn||11–1||Pat Dye||BR, CFRA, NYT, R(FACT), SR||:114|
|Miami (FL)||11–1||Howard Schnellenberger||AP, DuS, FN, FWAA, NCF, NFF, SN, UPI, USAT/CNN||:114|
|Nebraska||12–1||Tom Osborne||B(QPRS), DeS, L, MGR, PS, R(FACT), SR||:114|
|1984||BYU||13–0||LaVell Edwards||AP, BR, CFRA, FWAA, NCF, NFF, PS, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN||:114|
|Florida||9–1–1||Galen Hall||DeS, DuS, MGR, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR||:114|
|Washington||11–1||Don James||B(QPRS), FN, NCF||:114|
|Oklahoma||11–1||Barry Switzer||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, UPI, USAT/CNN||:114|
|1986||Miami (FL)||11–1||Jimmy Johnson||R(FACT)||:114|
|Oklahoma||11–1||Barry Switzer||B(QPRS), CFRA, DeS, DuS, NYT, SR||:114|
|Penn State||12–0||Joe Paterno||AP, BR, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN||:114|
|1987||Florida State||11–1||Bobby Bowden||B(QPRS)||:114|
|Miami (FL)||12–0||Jimmy Johnson||AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN||:114|
|1988||Miami (FL)||11–1||Jimmy Johnson||B(QPRS)||:114|
|Notre Dame||12–0||Lou Holtz||AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN||:114|
|1989||Miami (FL)||11–1||Dennis Erickson||AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, UPI, USAT/CNN||:114|
|Notre Dame||12–1||Lou Holtz||B(QPRS), ERS, R(FACT), SR||:114|
|1990||Colorado||11–1–1||Bill McCartney||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, R(FACT), SN, USAT/CNN||:114|
|Georgia Tech||11–0–1||Bobby Ross||DuS, NCF, R(FACT), SR, UPI||:114|
|Miami (FL)||10–2||Dennis Erickson||ERS, NYT, R(FACT), SR||:114|
|1991||Miami (FL)||12–0||Dennis Erickson||AP, BR, CFRA, ERS, NCF, NYT, SN, SR||:114|
|Washington||12–0||Don James||B(QPRS), DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, R(FACT), SR, UPI/NFF, USAT/CNN||:114|
|1992||Alabama||13–0||Gene Stallings||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI/NFF, USAT/CNN||:114|
|Florida State||11–1||Bobby Bowden||SR||:114|
|Florida State||12–1||Bobby Bowden||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CCR, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, NCF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN, USAT/NFF||:114|
|Notre Dame||11–1||Lou Holtz||MGR, NCF||:114|
|1994||Florida State||10–1–1||Bobby Bowden||DuS||:114|
|Nebraska||13–0||Tom Osborne||AP, AS, B(QPRS), BR, FN, FWAA, NCF, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN, USAT/NFF||:114–115|
|Penn State||12–0||Joe Paterno||CCR, DeS, ERS, MGR, NCF, NYT, R(FACT), SR||:115|
|1995||Nebraska||12–0||Tom Osborne||AP, AS, B(QPRS), BR, CCR, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN||:115|
|1996||Florida||12–1||Steve Spurrier||AP, B(QPRS), BR, CCR, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/CNN||:115|
|Florida State||11–1||Bobby Bowden||AS||:115|
|1997||Michigan||12–0||Lloyd Carr||AP, BR, FN, FWAA, NCF, NFF, SN||:115|
|Nebraska||13–0||Tom Osborne||A&H, AS, B(QPRS), BR, CCR, DeS, DuS, ERS, MGR, NCF, NYT, R(FACT), SR, USAT/ESPN||:115|
|1998||Ohio State||11–1||John Cooper||SRb||:115|
|Tennessee||13–0||Phillip Fulmer||A&H, AP, AS, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, USAT/ESPN||:115|
|1999||Florida State||12–0||Bobby Bowden||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/ESPN||:115|
|2000||Miami (FL)||11–1||Butch Davis||NYT||:115|
|Oklahoma||13–0||Bob Stoops||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NCF, NFF, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/ESPN||:115|
|2001||Miami (FL)||12–0||Larry Coker||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/ESPN, W||:115|
|2002||Ohio State||14–0||Jim Tressel||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/ESPN, W||:115|
|USC||11–2||Pete Carroll||DuS, MGR, SR||:115|
|2003||LSU||13–1||Nick Saban||A&H, BCS, BR, CM, DeS, DuS, MCFR, NFF, R(FACT), SR, USAT/ESPN, W||:115|
|USC||12–1||Pete Carroll||AP, CCR, ERS, FWAA, MGR, NYT, SN||:115|
|2004||USCc||11–0d||Pete Carroll||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, MCFR, MGR, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, W
Vacated:c BCS, FWAA, USAT/ESPN
|2005||Texas||13–0||Mack Brown||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NFF, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT, W||:115|
|2006||Florida||13–1||Urban Meyer||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NFF, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT, W||:115|
|Ohio State||12–1||Jim Tressel||DeS, R(FACT)||:115|
|2007||LSU||12–2||Les Miles||AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W||:115|
|2008||Florida||13–1||Urban Meyer||AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DuS, FWAA, NFF, SR, USAT||:115|
|Utah||13–0||Kyle Whittingham||A&H, MCFR, W||:115|
|2009||Alabama||14–0||Nick Saban||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W||:115|
|2010||Auburn||14–0||Gene Chizik||A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W||:115|
|2011||Alabama||12–1||Nick Saban||AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CFRA, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W||:115|
|LSU||13–1||Les Miles||A&H, CCR|||
|Oklahoma State||12–1||Mike Gundy||CM||:115|
|2012||Alabama||13–1||Nick Saban||A&H, AP, BCS, BR, CCR, CFRA, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W||:115|
|Notre Dame||12–1||Brian Kelly||CM||:115|
|2013||Florida State||14–0||Jimbo Fisher||A&H, AP, BCS, BR, CCR, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W||:115|
|2014||Ohio State||14–1||Urban Meyer||A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W||:115|
|2015||Alabama||14–1||Nick Saban||A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W||:115|
|2016||Alabama||14–1||Nick Saban||CCR, CM, DuS||:115|
|Clemson||14–1||Dabo Swinney||A&H, AP, BR, CFP, CFRA, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W||:115|
|2017||Alabama||13–1||Nick Saban||A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W||:115|
|2018||Clemson||15–0||Dabo Swinney||A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, CM, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W|
aParke Davis' selection for 1901, as published in the 1935 Spalding's Foot Ball Guide (which he himself edited until his death), was Harvard.:233
bThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists Sagarin as having selected Tennessee,:114 while Sagarin's official website gives Ohio State as its 1998 selection.
cThe FWAA stripped USC of its 2004 Grantland Rice Trophy and vacated the selection of its national champion for 2004. The BCS also vacated USC's participation in the 2005 Orange Bowl and USC's 2004 BCS National Championship, and the AFCA Coaches Poll Trophy was returned.
dRecord does not count wins against UCLA, or against Oklahoma in the BCS Championship game on January 4, 2005, as they were vacated by the NCAA.
eThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists Dunkel as having selected LSU,:114 while Dunkel's official website gives USC as its 2007 selection.
The national title count listed below is a culmination of all championship awarded since 1869, regardless of consensus or non-consensus status, as listed in the table above according to the selectors deemed to be major as listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (minus the Harris Interactive poll, 2005–2013, that is listed but does not conduct a final poll or award a championship).:107–119
The totals can be said to be disputed. Individual schools may claim national championships not accounted for by the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records or may not claim national championship selections that do appear in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (see National championship claims by school below). For an alternative independent view of national championship totals for each team, please see the College Football Data Warehouse recognized national champions or Poll era (1936–present) selections in the tables below.
|Washington & Jefferson||1|
The following is a table of known schools' claims on national championships at the highest level of play in college football. Several of these schools no longer compete at the highest level, which is currently NCAA Division I FBS, but nonetheless maintain claims to titles from when they did compete at the highest level.
Because there is no one governing or official body that regulates, recognizes, or awards national championships in college football, and because many independent selectors of championships exist, many of the claims by the schools listed below are shared, contradict each other, or are controversial.:107–119 In addition, because there is no one body overseeing national championships, no standardized requirements exist in order for a school to make a claim on a national championship, as any particular institution is free to make any declaration it deems to be fit. However, all known national championship claims are for seasons in which a national championship, or share of a championship, was believed to be awarded to that particular school by at least one independent third-party selector. The majority of these claims, but not all, are based on championships awarded from selectors listed as "major" in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records.:107–109 Not all championships awarded by third party selectors, nor those listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records, are necessarily claimed by each school.[note 1] Therefore, these claims represent how each individual school sees their own history on the subject of national championships.
This table below includes only national championship claims originating from each particular school and therefore represents the point-of-view of each individual institution. Each total number of championships, and the years for which they are claimed, are documented by the particular school on its official website, in its football media guide, or in other official publications or literature (see Source). If a championship is not mentioned by a school for any particular season, regardless of whether it was awarded by a selector or listed in a third-party publication such as the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records, it is not considered to be claimed by that institution.[note 2]
|Princeton||28||1869, 1870, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1889, 1893, 1894, 1896, 1898, 1899, 1903, 1906, 1911, 1920, 1922, 1933, 1935, 1950|||
|Yale||27||1872, 1874, 1876, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1897, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1909, 1927|||
|Alabama||17||1925, 1926, 1930, 1934, 1941, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1992, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017|||
|Michigan||11||1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1918, 1923, 1932, 1933, 1947, 1948, 1997|||
|Notre Dame||11||1924, 1929, 1930, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1966, 1973, 1977, 1988|||
|USC||11a||1928, 1931, 1932, 1939, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1974, 1978, 2003, 2004|||
|Pittsburgh||9||1915, 1916, 1918, 1929, 1931, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1976|||
|Ohio State||8||1942, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1968, 1970, 2002, 2014|||
|Harvard||7||1890, 1898, 1899, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1919|||
|Minnesota||7||1904, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1940, 1941, 1960|||
|Oklahoma||7||1950, 1955, 1956, 1974, 1975, 1985, 2000|||
|Penn||7||1894, 1895, 1897, 1904, 1907e, 1908, 1924|||
|Michigan State||6||1951, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1965, 1966|||
|Tennessee||6||1938, 1940, 1950, 1951, 1967, 1998|||
|California||5||1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1937|||
|Cornell||5||1915, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1939|||
|Illinois||5||1914, 1919, 1923, 1927, 1951|||
|Miami (FL)||5||1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001|||
|Nebraska||5||1970, 1971, 1994, 1995, 1997|||
|Georgia Tech||4||1917, 1928, 1952, 1990|||
|Iowa||4b||1921, 1956, 1958, 1960|||
|Texas||4||1963, 1969, 1970, 2005|||
|Washington||4||1960, 1984, 1990, 1991|||
|Army||3||1944, 1945, 1946|||
|Clemson||3||1981, 2016, 2018|||
|Florida||3||1996, 2006, 2008|||
|Florida State||3||1993, 1999, 2013|||
|Lafayette||3||1896, 1921, 1926|||
|LSU||3||1958, 2003, 2007|||
|Ole Miss||3||1959, 1960, 1962|||
|SMU||3||1935, 1981, 1982|||
|Texas A&M||3||1919, 1927, 1939|||
|Penn State||2||1982, 1986|||
aUSC's January 4, 2005 win over Oklahoma in the BCS Championship Game was vacated as mandated by the NCAA, its 2004 BCS National Championship vacated by the BCS, and its AFCA Coaches' Trophy returned. NCAA sanctions mandate that "any reference to the vacated results, including championships, shall be removed." USC still retains the 2004 Associated Press National Championship and has not abandoned its claim to a 2004 national championship.
bIowa lists the awarding of the 1958 Grantland Rice National Championship in various publications, but describes championship selections from 3 other years as well in its annual media guide.
cAuburn's 1913, 1983, and 1993 (Auburn was disqualified from post-season play in 1993 and did not play in a bowl game) championships are not recognized by the school.
dGeorgia's website has multiple pages which list national championships by sport and only callout two seasons for football (1942 and 1980). The Georgia football media guide contains a year-by-year results section in which five seasons (1927, 1942, 1946, 1968, 1980) have "National Champions#" headers paired with selector callouts,:159–161 but also a "Championship History" page which pairs 1942 and 1980 into a "The Consensus National Champions" section and groups 1927, 1946, and 1968 together without description as national champions beyond identification of those specific selectors.:192
eNo major selectors chose Penn in 1907.
fNo major selectors chose Columbia in 1933. Columbia's media guide claims that the team was "referred to as national champions".
College Football Data Warehouse (CFBDW) is an online resource and database that has collected and researched information on college football and national championship selections. It provides a comprehensive list of national championship selectors and has itself recognized selectors that it has deemed to be the most acceptable throughout history. These include the National Championship Foundation (1869–1882), the Helms Athletic Foundation (1883–1935), the College Football Researchers Association (1919–1935), the Associated Press Poll (1936–2015), and the Coaches Poll (1950–2015). From its research, it has compiled a list of Recognized National Championships for each season. Some years include recognition of multiple teams for a particular season. Please note that the CFBDW list of Recognized Champions does not confer any additional legitimacy to the titles. In this regard, some universities claim championships not recognized by CFBDW or do not claim championships that are recognized by CFBDW. Please consult the above table of National championship claims by school or individual team articles and websites for possible additional or alternative national championship claims.
Below is a list of all of the CFBDW recognized national championships from 1869 to 2015.
|Princeton||26||1869, 1870, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1889, 1893, 1896, 1898, 1899, 1903, 1906, 1911, 1920, 1922, 1933, 1935|
|Yale||18||1874, 1876, 1877, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1891, 1892, 1894, 1900, 1907, 1909, 1927|
|Alabama||15||1925, 1926, 1930, 1934, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1992, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015|
|Notre Dame||13||1919, 1924, 1929, 1930, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1964, 1966, 1973, 1977, 1988|
|Michigan||11||1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1918, 1923, 1932, 1933, 1947, 1948, 1997|
|USC||10||1928, 1931, 1932, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1974, 1978, 2003, 2004|
|Pittsburgh||9||1910, 1915, 1916, 1918, 1929, 1931, 1936, 1937, 1976|
|Harvard||8||1875, 1890, 1898, 1899, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1919|
|Ohio State||8||1942, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1968, 1970, 2002, 2014|
|Oklahoma||7||1950, 1955, 1956, 1974, 1975, 1985, 2000|
|Minnesota||6||1934, 1935, 1936, 1940, 1941, 1960|
|Penn||6||1894, 1895, 1897, 1904, 1907, 1908|
|Army||5||1914, 1916, 1944, 1945, 1946|
|Miami (FL)||5||1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001|
|Nebraska||5||1970, 1971, 1994, 1995, 1997|
|California||4||1920, 1921, 1922, 1937|
|Georgia Tech||4||1917, 1928, 1952, 1990|
|Illinois||4||1914, 1919, 1923, 1927|
|LSU||4||1908, 1958, 2003, 2007|
|Michigan State||4||1951, 1952, 1965, 1966|
|Penn State||4||1911, 1912, 1982, 1986|
|Tennessee||4||1938, 1950, 1951, 1998|
|Texas||4||1963, 1969, 1970, 2005|
|Auburn||3||1913, 1957, 2010|
|Cornell||3||1915, 1921, 1922|
|Florida||3||1996, 2006, 2008|
|Florida State||3||1993, 1999, 2013|
|Lafayette||3||1896, 1921, 1926|
|Ole Miss||2||1960, 1962|
|Texas A&M||2||1919, 1939|
The polling system first gained widespread consistency with the introduction of the AP poll in 1936, followed by the Coaches Poll in 1950. National championships are often popularly considered to be "consensus" when both of these polls are in agreement with their national championship selections, although other selectors exist and do make alternative selections. A more modern incarnation, the Bowl Championship Series (BCS), was a consortium of college football conferences that uses a combination of various computer rankings and human polls to mathematically determine a post-season matchup between the two top teams as determined by its formula. The USA Today Coaches Poll was contractually obligated to name the BCS champion as its national champion.
The AP college football poll has a long history. The news media began running their own polls of sports writers to determine who was, by popular opinion, the best football team in the country at the end of the season. One of the earliest such polls was the AP College Football Poll, first run in 1934 (compiled and organized by Charles Woodroof, former SEC Assistant Director of Media Relations, but not recognized in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records) and then continuously from 1936. Due to the long-standing historical ties between individual college football conferences and high-paying bowl games like the Rose Bowl and Orange Bowl, the NCAA has never held a tournament or championship game to determine the champion of what is now the highest division, NCAA Division I, Football Bowl Subdivision (the Division I, Football Championship Subdivision and lower divisions do hold championship tournaments). As a result, the public and the media began to take the leading vote-getter in the final AP Poll as the national champion for that season.
While the AP Poll currently lists the Top 25 teams in the nation, from 1936 to 1961 the wire service only ranked 20 teams. And from 1962 to 1967 only 10 teams were recognized. From 1968 to 1988, the AP again resumed its Top 20 before expanding to 25 teams in 1989.
Until the 1968 college football season, the final AP Poll of the season was released following the end of the regular season, with the exception of the 1965 season. In 1964, Alabama was named the national champion in the final AP Poll following the completion of the regular season, but lost in the Orange Bowl to Texas, leaving Arkansas as the only undefeated, untied team after the Razorbacks defeated Nebraska in the Cotton Bowl Classic. In 1965, the AP's decision to wait to crown its champion paid off, as top-ranked Michigan State lost to UCLA in the Rose Bowl, number two Arkansas lost to LSU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and fourth-ranked Alabama defeated third-ranked Nebraska in the Orange Bowl, vaulting the Crimson Tide to the top of the AP's final poll. Michigan State was named national champion in the final United Press International poll of coaches, which did not conduct a post-bowl poll. At the end of the 1947 season, the AP released an unofficial post-bowl poll which differed from the regular season final poll. The AP national championship had been awarded before bowl games were played.
The Coaches Poll began selecting the top 20 teams on a weekly basis during the 1950–1951 college football season. It is conducted among selected members of the American Football Coaches Association. In 1990 the poll expanded to a top 25, and it has retained this format since. The Coaches Poll took their final poll prior to the bowl games from 1950–1973, and since 1974, has taken their final poll after bowl games. The Coaches Poll does not include teams on either NCAA or conference-sanction probation, which also differentiates it from the AP poll. The poll has been released through various media outlets and with differing sponsors over its history, and thus has taken a succession of different names, including United Press (UP) from 1950 thru 1957, the United Press International (UPI) from 1958 thru 1990, USA Today/CNN from 1991 thru 1996, USA Today/ESPN from 1997 to 2004, and USA Today from 2005 to present.
During the era of the BCS, the Coaches Poll was under contractual obligation to award its national championship selection to the winner of the BCS Championship Game or its predecessors—who was presented with the AFCA National Championship Trophy during a post-game presentation. The College Football Playoff is not tied to the Coaches Poll in this manner.
The following table contains the national championships that have been recognized by the final AP or Coaches Poll. Originally both the AP and Coaches poll champions were crowned after the regular season, but since 1968 and 1974, respectively, both polls crown their champions after the bowl games are completed. The BCS champion was automatically awarded the Coaches Poll championship. Of the current 120+ Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS, formerly Division I-A) schools, only 30 have won at least a share of a national title by the AP or Coaches poll. Of these 30 teams, only 19 teams have won multiple titles. Of the 19 teams, only 7 have won five or more national titles: Alabama, Notre Dame, Oklahoma, USC, Miami (FL), Nebraska, and Ohio State. The years listed in the table below indicate a national championship selection by the AP or Coaches Poll. The selections are noted with (AP) or (Coaches) when a national champion selection differed between the two polls for that particular season, which has occurred in twelve different seasons (including 2004, for which the coaches selection was rescinded) since the polls first came to coexist in 1950.
|Alabama||12||1961, 1964, 1965 (AP), 1973 (Coaches), 1978 (AP), 1979, 1992, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017|
|Notre Dame||8||1943, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1966, 1973 (AP), 1977, 1988|
|Oklahoma||7||1950, 1955, 1956, 1974 (AP), 1975, 1985, 2000|
|USC||7||1962, 1967, 1972, 1974 (Coaches), 1978 (Coaches), 2003 (AP), 2004 (AP)†|
|Ohio State||6||1942, 1954 (AP), 1957 (Coaches), 1968, 2002, 2014|
|Miami (FL)||5||1983, 1987, 1989, 1991 (AP), 2001|
|Nebraska||5||1970 (AP), 1971, 1994, 1995, 1997 (Coaches)|
|Minnesota||4||1936, 1940, 1941, 1960|
|Texas||4||1963, 1969, 1970 (Coaches), 2005|
|Florida||3||1996, 2006, 2008|
|Florida State||3||1993, 1999, 2013|
|Clemson||3||1981, 2016, 2018|
|LSU||3||1958, 2003 (Coaches), 2007|
|Army||2||1944, 1945 (AP)|
|Auburn||2||1957 (AP), 2010|
|Michigan||2||1948, 1997 (AP)|
|Michigan State||2||1952, 1965 (Coaches)|
|Penn State||2||1982, 1986|
|Georgia Tech||1||1990 (Coaches)|
|Oklahoma State||1||1945 (Coaches)‡|
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system designed to give the top two teams in NCAA Division I-A (now known as the FBS) an opportunity to compete in a "national championship game". This championship was intended as a surrogate for a playoff system since the NCAA does not formally determine a champion in this category. It began during the 1998 season, but a number of controversial selections spurred changes to the format over the years. Prior to the 2006 season, eight teams competed in four BCS Bowls (the Orange, Sugar, Rose, and Fiesta). The BCS replaced the Bowl Alliance (in place from 1995–1997), which itself followed the Bowl Coalition (in place from 1992–1994). One of the main differences was that the Rose Bowl participated in the BCS; previously, the Big Ten and Pac-12 champions automatically played in the Rose Bowl regardless of their poll rankings. However, after the change, those teams played in the BCS National Championship Game if they finished #1 or #2 in the BCS standings.
The BCS formula varied over the years, with the final version relying on a combination of the Coaches' and Harris polls and an average of various computer rankings to determine relative team rankings, and to narrow the field to two teams to play in the BCS National Championship Game held after the other college bowl games. The winner of this game was crowned Coaches' Poll national champion winning the AFCA National Championship Trophy and was also awarded the MacArthur Bowl by the National Football Foundation.
|Alabama||3||2009, 2011, 2012|
|Florida State||2||1999, 2013|
The College Football Playoff (CFP) was designed as a replacement for the BCS. While the NCAA still does not officially sanction the event, organizers sought to bring a playoff system similar to all other levels of NCAA football to the Football Bowl Subdivision.
The College Football Playoff relies on a 13-member selection committee to choose the top four teams to play in a two-round single-elimination playoff bracket. The winner of the final game is awarded the College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy.
The Knights finished the 2017 football season as the No. 1 team in the Colley Bias Free Matrix Rankings, which were released late Tuesday.
Columbia has claimed two mythical national championships: in 1875 and 1933. The 1875 team went 4-1-1 and was named national champions, while the 1933 squad defeated Stanford and was referred to as a national champ.
The 1960 Washington Huskies football team represented the University of Washington during the 1960 college football season. Home games were played on campus in Seattle at Husky Stadium.
Under fourth-year head coach Jim Owens, Washington was 9–1 in the regular season and 4–0 in the Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU). Led on the field by senior quarterback Bob Schloredt, an All-American the previous year, the Huskies started the season ranked third. Schloredt broke his collarbone in the fifth game, against UCLA, and did not play again in the regular season. Bob Hivner took over at quarterback and won the game plus the next five.
A one-point loss on a last-minute field goal by Orange Bowl-bound Navy two weeks earlier in Seattle was the season's only blemish. The Huskies returned to the Rose Bowl to meet the top-ranked Minnesota Golden Gophers of the Big Ten Conference on January 2. A seven-point underdog, sixth-ranked Washington upset Minnesota 17–7 for consecutive Rose Bowl wins. Schloredt returned at quarterback and was the player of the game for a second straight year.
The final rankings in this era were released at the end of the regular season, prior to the bowl games. Washington outscored all opponents by a combined total of 272 to 107.1990 Washington Huskies football team
The 1990 Washington Huskies football team represented the University of Washington in the 1990 NCAA Division I-A football season.
The Huskies won their first conference championship since 1981 and defeated #17 Iowa in the Rose Bowl by twelve points, 46–34. It was the first victory in that game in nine years as well, when Washington crushed Iowa 28–0 in the 1982 game. The Huskies were led by head coach Don James, offensive coordinator Gary Pinkel, and defensive coordinator Jim Lambright. Pinkel left Washington after the season to become head coach at Toledo, where he stayed for a decade and then moved to Missouri. Lambright succeeded James as head coach of the Huskies in August 1993.
Five Huskies were selected in the 1991 NFL draft, led by running back Greg Lewis and defensive back Charles Mincy. Sophomore defensive lineman Steve Emtman was the first overall pick in 1992.2018 College Football Playoff National Championship
The 2018 College Football Playoff National Championship was a college football bowl game that determined a national champion in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision for the 2017 season. The Alabama Crimson Tide defeated the Georgia Bulldogs 26–23, coming back from a 13–0 deficit at halftime to secure the win in overtime. True freshman quarterback Tua Tagovailoa and defensive tackle Daron Payne were respectively named the offensive and defensive players of the game.
The College Football Playoff selection committee chose the semifinalists following the conclusion of the 2017 regular season. Alabama and Georgia advanced to the national championship after winning the semifinal games hosted by the Sugar Bowl and Rose Bowl Game respectively in January 2018. The championship game was played at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia on January 8, 2018.2020 College Football Playoff National Championship
The 2020 College Football Playoff National Championship is a college football bowl game that will determine a national champion in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) for the 2019 season. It is scheduled to be played at Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana, on January 13, 2020, and will be the culminating game of the 2019–20 bowl season.Bill Libby
Bill Libby (1927 – June 17, 1984) was an American writer and biographer best known for books on sports including 65 on sports figures.Coaches Poll
The Coaches Poll is a weekly ranking of the top 25 NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) college football, Division I college basketball, and Division I college baseball teams. The football version of the poll has been known officially as the Amway Coaches Poll since 2014.
The football rankings are compiled by the Amway Board of Coaches which is made up of 62 head coaches at Division I FBS institutions. All coaches are members of the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA). The basketball rankings are compiled by the USA Today Sports Board of Coaches which is made up of 32 head coaches at Division I institutions. All are members of the National Association of Basketball Coaches (NABC). The baseball rankings are compiled by the USA Today Sports Board of Coaches which is made up of 31 head coaches at Division I institutions. All are members of the American Baseball Coaches Association (ABCA).
The football Coaches Poll was an element of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) rankings, a voting system used from 1998 to 2013 to determine the teams to play in the BCS National Championship Game.College Football Playoff National Championship
The College Football Playoff National Championship is a post-season college football bowl game, used to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), which began play in the 2014 college football season. The game serves as the final of the College Football Playoff, a bracket tournament between the top four teams in the country as determined by a selection committee, which was established as a successor to the Bowl Championship Series and its similar BCS National Championship Game. Unlike the BCS championship, the participating teams in the College Football Playoff National Championship are determined by two semi-final bowls—hosted by two of the consortium's six member bowls yearly—and the top two teams as determined by the selection committee do not automatically advance to the game in lieu of other bowls. This has caused a unique side effect in that, since the inception of the playoff, no #1 or #3 seed has won the National Championship.
The game is played at a neutral site, determined through bids by prospective host cities (similar to the Super Bowl and NCAA Final Four). When announcing it was soliciting bids for the 2016 and 2017 title games, playoff organizers noted that the bids must propose host stadiums with a capacity of at least 65,000 spectators, and cities cannot host both a semi-final game and the title game in the same year.The winner of the game is awarded a new championship trophy instead of the "crystal football", which has been given by the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA) since 1986; officials wanted a new trophy that was unconnected with the previous BCS championship system. The inaugural game was held at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas in January 2015, and was won by Ohio State. The awarded trophy, College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy, is sponsored by Dr Pepper.College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy
The College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy is the trophy awarded to the winner of the College Football Playoff (CFP), the postseason tournament in American college football that determines a national champion for the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). It is currently held by the Clemson Tigers, who won the 2019 College Football Playoff National Championship to cap the 2018 season.
The 26.5-inch-tall (67 cm), 35-pound (16 kg) trophy is oblong-shaped like a football at the base, tapering up to a flattened full-size football at the top. It is made of 24-karat gold, bronze and stainless steel, with the bulk of the trophy gold-colored and the football at the top a gray metallic color. The football's four laces represent the four playoff teams.The trophy is separate from its 12-inch-tall bronze base, so it can be hoisted. The base is finished in black patina and weighs 30 pounds (14 kg). Dr Pepper sponsors the trophy, paying an estimated $35 million for the sponsorship rights through 2020. The trophy was unveiled on July 14, 2014.The trophy was designed by design firm Pentagram and crafted by the Polich Tallix fine art foundry of Rock Tavern, New York.
College Football Playoff officials commissioned the trophy for the new playoff system, preferring a new award that was unconnected with the previous Bowl Championship Series (BCS) postseason system which was sometimes controversial. Winners of the BCS National Championship Game were awarded the AFCA "crystal football" trophy through the 2013 season.FWAA-NFF Grantland Rice Super 16 Poll
The FWAA-NFF Grantland Rice Super 16 poll is a weekly ranking of the top 16 college football teams in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision beginning with the 2014 season. It is named in part for sports writer Grantland Rice. The 36 poll voters include 26 members of the Football Writers Association of America, with the remaining ten voters each coming from the National Football Foundation or College Football Hall of Fame.The final poll is issued at the end of the regular season, but before bowl games. The poll joins the AP Poll, Coaches Poll and others as periodic snapshot rankings of college football teams. Prior to the 2014 season, these polls were used in part to determine which two teams would play for the national title under the Bowl Championship Series and its predecessors. The new College Football Playoff, which also begins in 2014, does not use poll data to choose its participants. After every College Football Playoff championship game, the FWAA/NFF selects a national champion, and awards it the MacArthur Bowl.Helms Athletic Foundation
Founded in 1936 by Bill Schroeder and Paul Helms, the Helms Athletic Foundation was based in Los Angeles, California. The name was a misnomer, as there actually was no foundation in place to sustain the operation. Instead the organization was subsidized completely by the Paul Helms Bakery operations. Schroeder selected the foundation's national champion teams and made All-America team selections in a number of college sports, including football and basketball. He continued to select national champions for the Helms Foundation until 1982, its final year of selections. Schroeder also retroactively selected national champions in college football dating from 1947 back to the 1883 season and in college basketball from 1942 back to the 1900–01 season. The Helms Foundation also operated a hall of fame for both college sports. The retroactive Helms titles were the well-researched opinions of one person about teams that played during an era when, due to factors outside their control (e.g., minimal schedules, lack of intersectional play, differing rule interpretations, minimal statistics), it is difficult to know or assess the relative strength of the teams.Besides collegiate athletics, the foundation operated halls of fame for professional football, Major League Baseball, the Pacific Coast League, basketball, fencing, golf, tennis, swimming, auto racing, and track and field.After Paul Helms' death in 1957, United Savings and Loan became the Helms Foundation's benefactor and when United merged with Citizen Savings Bank in 1973, the Athletic Foundation became known as the Citizens Savings Athletic Foundation. It was again renamed in 1982 when First Interstate Bank assumed sponsorship for the foundation's final year. Paul Helms started Helms Bakery in Southern California, which was the official bread (Helms Olympic bread) of the 1932 Olympics. Helms Hall was located on 8760 Venice Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. The Helms Olympics neon sign still can be seen on top of the building.
When the Helms Foundation dissolved, its historical holdings were absorbed into the collection of the Amateur Athletic Foundation, renamed the LA84 Foundation in 2007.Legends Poll
The Legends Poll is a college football poll that rates the Top 25 teams weekly during the college football season. Its aim is to identify the two best teams in its opinion by the end of the season who should compete in a national championship game. The group is currently made up of 17 retired football coaches, most of whom are members of the College Football Hall of Fame. The Legends Poll was founded by Andy Curtin in 2005 as the Master Coaches Survey, but changed its name in 2008 to better reflect the make-up of its voting members. Curtin and his partner, Pete Wolek implemented the original plan and have operated the Legends Poll since its inception. The Legends Poll appears in the Sporting News each week and is published by other media web sites such as ESPN.com.List of NCAA college football rankings
The AP Poll and Coaches Poll are the two major polls used annually within the highest level of college football to determine the national championship. Division I FBS football is the only National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sport for which the NCAA does not sanction a yearly championship event. As such, it is sometimes unofficially referred to as a "mythical national championship".These polling systems began with the introduction of the AP poll in 1936, followed by the Coaches' Poll in 1950.
Currently, two widely recognized national champion selectors are the Associated Press, which conducts a poll of sportswriters, and the Coaches' Poll, a survey of active members of the American Football Coaches Association.
Until the 1968 college football season, the final AP Poll of the season was released following the end of the regular season, with the exception of the 1965 season.List of college football teams by weekly appearances atop AP Poll
This is a list of college football teams by the number of weeks they have been ranked number one in the AP Poll since its inception in 1936 through January 8, 2019.
† No longer a FBS school.Bold denotes team currently ranked number one.NAIA Football National Championship
The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) Football National Championship is decided by a post-season playoff system featuring the best NAIA college football teams in the United States. Under sponsorship of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, the championship game has been played annually since 1956. In 1970, NAIA football was divided into two divisions, Division I and Division II, with a championship game played in each division. In 1997, NAIA football was again consolidated into one division. The game is currently played at Daytona Stadium in Daytona Beach, Florida.Texas A&I (now known as Texas A&M–Kingsville) have been the most prolific program with seven NAIA championships. Carroll (MT) are the most successful team still playing at the NAIA level, with 6 national titles.
Morningside (IA) are the current champions, having defeated Benedictine (KS) in the 2018 championship, 35-28.NCAA Division III Football Championship
The NCAA Division III Football Championship began in 1973. Before 1973, most of the schools now in Division III competed in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA).The Division III playoffs begin with 32 teams selected to participate in the playoffs. The Division III championship game, known as the Stagg Bowl (named after Amos Alonzo Stagg), will be held at Woodforest Bank Stadium in Shenandoah, Texas in 2018 and 2019. The game had previously been played at Salem Football Stadium in Salem, Virginia (1993–2017), at Hawkins Stadium in Bradenton, Florida (1990–1992), Garrett-Harrison Stadium in Phenix City, Alabama (1973–1982, 1985–1989), and at Galbreath Field at the College Football Hall of Fame, when the Hall was located in Kings Island, Ohio (1983–1984).
Mary Hardin–Baylor defeated Mount Union to win the 2018 season championship.NCAA Division II Football Championship
The NCAA Division II Football Championship is an American college football tournament played annually to determine a champion at the NCAA Division II level. It was first held in 1973, as a single-elimination tournament with eight teams. The tournament field has subsequently been expanded three times; in 1988 it became 16 teams, in 2004 it became 24 teams, and in 2016 it became 28 teams.
The National Championship game has been held in seven different cities; Sacramento, California (1973–1975), Wichita Falls, Texas (1976–1977), Longview, Texas (1978), Albuquerque, New Mexico (1979–1980), McAllen, Texas (1981–1985), Florence, Alabama (1986–2013), and Kansas City, Kansas (2014–2017). The 2018 game will be played at the McKinney ISD Stadium and Community Event Center in McKinney, Texas. Since 1994, the games have been broadcast on ESPN.
Prior to 1973, for what was then called the "NCAA College Division," champions were selected by polls conducted at the end of each regular season by two major wire services; in some years the two polls named different number one teams.NCAA Division I FCS Consensus Mid-Major Football National Championship
The NCAA Division I FCS Mid Major National Football Championship was a label that began in 2001 and ended after the 2007 season. Prior to 2001, mid-major National Champions were named by various polls like Don Hansen's National Weekly Football Gazette and the Dopke collegesportsreport.com polls, but no "consensus" champion was named. Beginning with the 2008 season, the Sports Network ceased the mid-major poll and began including the teams previously ranked in the mid-major poll into more serious consideration for the full Division I FCS poll.
Generally, the teams that were ranked in the poll were from three conferences, the Pioneer Football League, the Northeast Conference, and the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference (before pulling sponsorship of FCS football after the 2007 season). These conferences were three of six Division I FCS football conferences that did not receive automatic bids to the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision championship tournament. (Beginning with the 2010 season, the winner of the Northeast Conference has been awarded an automatic bid to the FCS playoffs. The Pioneer Football League did not receive an automatic bid, or any at-large bids for that matter, until 2013.)
The Sports Network Cup was awarded annually to the winner. Like the Stanley Cup, the Sports Network Cup was a traveling trophy. It spent the year at the winning school and was passed on to the next winner annually.
The polls that were used to determine the annual champion are the Sports Network (for which the trophy is named), Don Hansen's National Weekly Football Gazette, and the Dopke College Sports Report Polls.
(Notes: A team did not have to be named the national champion by all three polls in order to win the Sports Network Cup. They were only named so by the Sports Network. Hence, the trophy was named the Sports Network Cup. "Consensus" in this instance then meant more in the regard of the Sports Network's authority to name a national champion rather than an agreement by all three major polls.)National championship
A national championship(s) is the top achievement for any sport or contest within a league of a particular nation or nation state. The title is usually awarded by contests, ranking systems, stature, ability, etc. This determines the best team, individual (or other entity) in a particular nation and in a particular field. Often, the use of the term cup or championship is just a choice of words.