College Point is a working-middle-class neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens. It is bounded to the south by Whitestone Expressway and Flushing; to the east by 138th Street and Malba/Whitestone; to the north by the East River; and to the west by Flushing Bay. College Point is part of the Queens Community Board 7. The 109th Precinct of the New York City Police Department (NYPD) serves College Point. College Point is a diverse community, mostly residential, with some industrial areas.
College Point Boulevard
Location within New York City
|Named for||St. Paul's College|
|• Median income||$42,500|
|Area code(s)||718, 347, 929, and 917|
College Point was named for St. Paul's College, a seminary founded in 1835 by the Rev. William Augustus Muhlenberg. The college closed around 1850, but the name remained. Former names include Lawrence's Neck, Tew's Neck, Flammersberg, and Strattonsport.
The original European settler of this area was Captain William Lawrence. He was also the largest landholder of the original incorporators of the Town of Flushing, now in Queens. He arrived in America on the sailing ship Planter in the 1630s. Lawrence married the oldest daughter of Richard "Bull Rider" Smith, who founded Smithtown on Long Island. He and his wife had a son, William Jr., who married the Richard Smiths' youngest daughter.
In 1854 the German-American industrialist Conrad Poppenhusen arrived; he was already a prosperous manufacturer in Brooklyn of hard rubber goods and expanded his operation to this small farming community. College Point became a factory town primarily for his workers, most of them also German immigrants, and the tycoon became a philanthropist, contributing to churches, libraries, and the Poppenhusen Institute, an educational beacon of College Point. Poppenhusen is responsible for the first free kindergarten in America. He connected College Point to Flushing by the Flushing and North Side Railroad, later called Whitestone Branch. A monument on College Point Boulevard, one of the main streets in College Point, stands testament to Poppenhusen. College Point became a center for breweries and day trip resorts, and in the 1920s shifted towards the manufacturing of airplane parts.
In 1926, approximately 100 single-family and two-family houses were built on the Graham estate. In 1938, the 6 acres (2.4 ha) estate of Anna Schlesinger, near Ninth Avenue and 119th Street, was sold to the Daniel Corners Realty Corporation. The land had previously been part of the Poppenhusen estate. The Daniel Corners Realty Corporation bought the land to build fifty homes on the land, which it called College Estates. Arthur Allen was the architect of the houses.
In 1953, the Fleet Street Company sold 108 Cape Cod-style homes for $13,500 near 25th Avenue and 126th Street. The architect of the homes was Alwin Cassens, Jr. The development was called Allied Homes.
A commercial park was first proposed for College Point in 1960. The 300 acres (120 ha) site was bounded by Whitestone Expressway on the southeast, 15th Avenue on the north, and 127th Street on the west, and was chosen because it was the largest suitable tract that was not on Staten Island. The proposal languished for several years before being revived in 1967. By the 1970s, the industrial park was in operation and the Great Adventure Amusement Park was being operated on part of the 565-acre (229 ha) complex. The amusement park was condemned in 1973 due to nuisance complaints.
Following the decommissioning of Flushing Airport, four large development projects were constructed around the former airport in the late 1980s. These buildings included three projects inside the 400-acre (160 ha) College Point Corporate Park, as well as another building at Linden Place and 31st Road. Floor space in these buildings rented out at an average of $10 per square foot ($110/m2), a relatively expensive rate at the time. This was due to its proximity to major transportation connections such as the LaGuardia Airport and the Bronx–Whitestone Bridge, as well as the lack of parking in nearby downtown Flushing.
In 1997, the Queens Historical Society bestowed a "Queensmark" award on College Point, in hopes of encouraging historical preservation of local landmark architecture. Also in the 1990s, a strip mall containing a Waldbaum's, Target, BJ's Wholesale Club, and other stores was built along 20th Avenue. Correspondingly, there was an increase in residential development in the 1990s and 2000s. The northern shoreline of College Point, a former oil lagoon, was designated a federal Superfund cleanup site in 2010.
Though College Point is today mainly residential, it also contains significant commercial presence, as well as remnants of a once-active industrial community. Especially in the southern part of the neighborhood, there are many industrial and light commercial businesses, including what The New York Times described as "oil storage facilities, a cement plant, a Pepsi-Cola distribution facility, furniture warehouses and contractors and other small businesses". The northern shoreline was redeveloped as a medium-density residential area starting in the 1980s. However, College Point's other residences consist largely of single-family homes from the 1920s.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of College Point was 24,275, an increase of 2,868 (13.4%) from the 21,407 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 1,148.84 acres (464.92 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 21.1 inhabitants per acre (13,500/sq mi; 5,200/km2).
The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 32.0% (7,757) White, 2.3% (551) African American, 0.1% (26) Native American, 27.9% (6,774) Asian, 0.0% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (97) from other races, and 1.7% (402) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.7% (8,666) of the population.
The entirety of Community Board 7, which comprises Flushing, College Point, and Whitestone, had 263,039 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 84.3 years.:2, 20 This is longer than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.:53 (PDF p. 84) Most inhabitants are middle-aged and elderly: 22% are between the ages of between 25–44, 30% between 45–64, and 18% over 65. The ratio of youth and college-aged residents was lower, at 17% and 7% respectively.:2
As of 2017, the median household income in Community Board 7 was $51,284. In 2018, an estimated 25% of College Point and Flushing residents lived in poverty, compared to 19% in all of Queens and 20% in all of New York City. One in seventeen residents (6%) were unemployed, compared to 8% in Queens and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 57% in College Point and Flushing, lower than the boroughwide and citywide rates of 53% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, College Point and Flushing are considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.:7
Flushing, College Point, and Whitestone are patrolled by the 109th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 37-05 Union Street. The 109th Precinct ranked 9th safest out of 69 city precincts for per-capita crime in 2010. With a non-fatal assault rate of 17 per 100,000 people, College Point and Flushing's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 145 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.:8
The 109th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 83.7% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 6 murders, 30 rapes, 202 robberies, 219 felony assaults, 324 burglaries, 970 grand larcenies, and 126 grand larcenies auto in 2018.
Preterm and teenage births are less common in College Point and Flushing than in other places citywide. In College Point and Flushing, there were 63 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 8 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).:11 College Point and Flushing have a higher than average population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 14%, slightly higher than the citywide rate of 12%.:14
The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in College Point and Flushing is 0.0073 milligrams per cubic metre (7.3×10−9 oz/cu ft), less than the city average.:9 Thirteen percent of College Point and Flushing residents are smokers, which is lower than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.:13 In College Point and Flushing, 13% of residents are obese, 8% are diabetic, and 22% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 22%, 8%, and 23% respectively.:16 In addition, 15% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.:12
Ninety-five percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is higher than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 71% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," lower than the city's average of 78%.:13 For every supermarket in College Point and Flushing, there are 6 bodegas.:10
College Point and Flushing generally have a similar rate of college-educated residents to the rest of the city. While 37% of residents have a college education or higher, 23% have less than a high school education and 40% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 39% of Queens residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.:6 The percentage of College Point and Flushing students excelling in math rose from 55% in 2000 to 78% in 2011, and reading achievement rose from 57% to 59% during the same time period.
College Point and Flushing's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is less than the rest of New York City. In College Point and Flushing, 9% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, lower than the citywide average of 20%.:24 (PDF p. 55):6 Additionally, 86% of high school students in College Point and Flushing graduate on time, more than the citywide average of 75%.:6
Public elementary schools, defined as kindergarten through 5th grades, include PS 29 and PS 129. College Point is home to St. Fidelis Parish, founded in 1856. The present church was completed in 1906. Adjacent to the church is the grave of Father Huber, the founding pastor. For over 150 years, the parish conducted an elementary school including kindergarten through 8th grades. In 1924, St. Fidelis School, a three-story building of 18 classrooms, opened its doors on the present 14th Avenue and 124th Street. In 1961, the 12 classroom annex was opened. In its heyday, St. Fidelis School had almost two thousand students, from kindergarten through grade 8. When it closed, there were just over 200 students. During all of these years, it was staffed by the Dominican Sisters of Amityville (Dominican Sisters of the American Congregation of the Holy Cross). Due to significant demographic changes in College Point, the elementary school was finally closed in June 2013.
Up until Vatican II, St. Fidelis was a thriving parish. For many years, it was led by Father (and eventually Monsignor) William J. Osborne. Monsignor Osborne died in 1998 at the age of 102, the oldest living Catholic priest in the United States at the time. In the 1950s and 1960s, there were four daily masses in St. Fidelis Parish, as well as ten Sunday masses in three venues. Currently, with diminished enrollments and changing demographics, there is one daily mass, and four Sunday masses, one in Spanish.
St. Agnes Academic High School, a private Catholic high and independent of St. Fidelis parish, has been operating for over one hundred years. In its early years, it was very briefly co-educational, but is now restricted to girls. It is owned and still staffed by the Dominican Sisters of Amityville, assisted by lay men and women. For many years, Reverend Mother Agatha, O.P., was superior and principal of St. Agnes High School. The Dominican Sisters reside in Saint Agnes Convent as well as the Harbor of Grace Convent, which was the original convent for this community. In June, 2018, The Harbor of Grace Convent will permanently close, since the Diocese of Brooklyn wishes to reclaim the building. The Harbor of Grace, first opened in the early 1970s, with Sr. Julianne (Nora Daniel) Connolly, O.P. being one of its pioneers. Sister Julianne has lived there for its entire history. St. Agnes Convent, the last of the Dominican Convents in College Point, will close in 2019.
St. Fidelis Roman Catholic Church,, St. John's Lutheran, and The First Reformed Church of College Point host the community's three largest congregations.
The Flushing Airport, opened in 1927 along the shore of Flushing Bay, had been a busy aviation hub before LaGuardia Airport was built in 1939 about one mile away. It carried the IATA code FLU. In 1977, a Piper Twin Comanche crashed shortly after taking off from the airport. The incident eventually led to the closing of this airport in 1984. The site remains abandoned, although plans have been proposed over the years to convert it into a blimp-port or office park. Given natural deterioration of the hangars and concrete runways, however, it is likely that the site will simply return to being natural wetlands.
MTA Regional Bus Operations' Q20A/B, Q25, Q65, and Q76 lines serve the neighborhood. No New York City Subway lines have ever been built to the area, although a spur from the IRT Flushing Line (present-day 7 and <7> trains) was proposed during much of the early 20th century.:371 The Long Island Rail Road's Whitestone Branch used to run near the area.
Notable current and former residents of College Point include:
Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. (born September 22, 1951) is an American journalist. Sulzberger became the publisher of The New York Times in 1992, and chairman of The New York Times Company in 1997, succeeding his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger. On December 14, 2017, he announced he would be ceding the post of publisher to his son, Arthur Gregg "A.G." Sulzberger, effective January 1, 2018.Berliner (format)
Berliner, or "midi", is a newspaper format with pages normally measuring about 315 by 470 millimetres (12.4 in × 18.5 in). The Berliner format is slightly taller and marginally wider than the tabloid/compact format; and is both narrower and shorter than the broadsheet format.Broadsheet
A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages (typically 22 inches or 56 centimetres).
Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats.College Point
College Point may refer to a place in the United States:
College Point, Florida, part of the city of Lynn Haven
College Point, Queens, New YorkConrad Poppenhusen
Conrad Poppenhusen (April 1, 1818 – December 12, 1883) was a German American businessman. He was also a philanthropist, a founder of College Point, Queens, and the founder of the first free kindergarten in the United States (on July 1, 1870).Flushing Bay
Flushing Bay is a tidal embayment in New York City. It is located on the south side of the East River and stretches to the south near the neighborhood of Flushing, Queens. It is bordered on the west by LaGuardia Airport and the Grand Central Parkway, on the south by Northern Boulevard, and on the east by the neighborhood of College Point. The Flushing River empties into the bay at its southeast corner. A 150-foot-wide navigational channel (46 m) dredged at a depth of 14 feet (4.3 m) runs along much of the bay's length.G. Arthur Cooper
Gustav Arthur Cooper (February 9, 1902 – October 17, 2000) was an American paleobiologist.
Cooper was born in College Point, Queens and attended Colgate University. He graduated in 1924, staying on to receive a master's degree in 1926. He then attended Yale University where he received his PhD. in 1929. His dissertation was titled, "Stratigraphy of the Hamilton Group of New York."
In 1930, he got a job as Assistant Curator at the Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology in United States National Museum. He was promoted to a Curator position in 1944 for the Division of Invertebrate Paleontology. In 1957, he became the Head Curator of the Department of Geology, and 6 years later became the chairman of the newly formed Department of Paleobiology. He became Senior Paleobiologist in 1967, after which he devoted his life to research. He retired in 1974 with Paleobiologist Emeritus title. He died in 2000.Harlem Yacht Club
The Harlem Yacht Club, currently based on City Island in the New York City borough of The Bronx and incorporated in 1883, is the third oldest continuously functioning yacht club in the City of New York, the first being The New York Yacht Club (founded in 1844, and currently active in Manhattan and in Newport, Rhode Island), and followed by the Williamsburgh Yacht Club (founded in 1871 in Brooklyn, and currently still active in College Point, Queens). The club currently has over 100 enrolled members in various membership categories.Henry Baerer
Henry Baerer (1837-1908) was an American sculptor born in Munich, Germany.Works include:
two versions of the Puck magazine mascot on the Puck Building, New York (1886)
Bronze bust of Beethoven for a monument in Central Park (1894)
Nearly identical bust in Prospect Park
Bust of John Howard Payne in Prospect Park, Brooklyn
Statue of Edward Brush Fowler in Fort Greene Park, Brooklyn
Bust of Franz Schubert in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia
Bronze statue of G. K. Warren Prize in Grand Army Plaza, Brooklyn, New York
Bronze statue of Conrad Poppenhusen in College Point, Queens, New YorkIdeal Toy Company
Ideal Toy Company was an American toy company founded by Morris and Rose Michtom. During the post–World War II baby boom era, Ideal became the largest doll-making company in the United States. Their most popular dolls included Betsy Wetsy, Toni, Saucy Walker, Shirley Temple, Miss Revlon, Patti Playpal, Tammy, Thumbelina, Tiny Thumbelina, and Crissy. Their last big hit was the Rubik's Cube.James M. Shuart
James M. Shuart (c. 1931 – May 13, 2016) was the president of Hofstra University from 1976 to 2001. Prior to that he served as a Nassau County, New York official. Also, he served as Assistant President to Hofstra President Clifford Lord during the 1960s in addition to serving as an administrator in the division and then school of education. The school's James M. Shuart Stadium is named after him.
He grew up in College Point, Queens graduated from Flushing High School in 1949 and went to Hofstra on a football scholarship. After graduating, he married his college sweetheart, Marjorie Strunk, and was immediately drafted into the Army, where he served as a counterintelligence officer in postwar Korea. After his discharge, he worked as an insurance agent before landing a job in the Hofstra admissions office in 1959.Shuart died at the age of 85 on May 13, 2016 from cardiovascular disease.List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Queens
source: ; ; date listed is date of designation;List of gliders (P)
This is a list of gliders/sailplanes of the world, (this reference lists all gliders with references, where available)
Note: Any aircraft can glide for a short time, but gliders are designed to glide for longer.New York City Police Academy
The New York City Police Academy is the police academy of the New York City Police Department (NYPD).
Within the organization of the New York City Police Department, the Chief of Training oversees the Training Bureau, which includes the Police Academy as well as other units.Newsprint
Newsprint is a low-cost, non-archival paper consisting mainly of wood pulp and most commonly used to print newspapers and other publications and advertising material. Invented in 1844 by Charles Fenerty of Nova Scotia, Canada, it usually has an off white cast and distinctive feel. It is designed for use in printing presses that employ a long web of paper (web offset, letterpress and flexographic) rather than individual sheets of paper.
Newsprint is favored by publishers and printers as it is relatively low cost (compared with paper grades used for glossy magazines and sales brochures), strong (to run through modern high-speed web printing presses) and can accept four-color printing at qualities that meet the needs of typical newspapers.No-Cal
No-Cal was the first zero-calorie soda. It was initially marketed to diabetics in a number of flavors, the most popular being black cherry.Poppenhusen Institute
Poppenhusen Institute is a historic building at 114—04 14th Road in College Point, Queens that housed the first free kindergarten in America. In addition, this institute provided the first free evening classes for adults (in America). Currently, the Institute operates as a community cultural center. The institute stands at five-stories and was constructed in a stern Victorian style.The Poppenhusen Institute is similar to the Cooper Union Institute in Manhattan: the reason for this is because the so-called "home arts" and the study of machinery were principally taught free to ambitious residents of the North Shore.It was constructed in 1868 with private funds donated by Conrad Poppenhusen, the benefactor of College Point, New York. He began work on the institute on his 50th birthday in 1868, when he provided $100,000 to set up this project as a private educational venture: this venture remains one of the principal features of College Point. Conrad Poppenhusen's zeal, ability, and civic pride brought unprecedented prosperity to College Point.The original charter specified that it be open to all, irrespective of race, creed or religion, giving people the opportunity to improve their lives either by preparing them for better jobs or improving their leisure time. The institute was established for vocational training and is also served in the interests of Poppenhusen to provide educational opportunities for industrial workers. This institute was also built with the purpose of teaching English and factory crafts: even though it was still teaching these classes, the English courses have been supplemented or replaced by those in French and Spanish. The reason for this was because certain individuals felt their English was good enough. In addition, there were more sophisticated classes which taught draftsmanship and machine shop techniques for local workers in electronic plants. Along with these classes, the Poppenhusen Institute contained and provided scientific and historical collections, chemical and philosophical apparatus, books, drawings, pictures, statues, and other such means of education and instruction.The institute housed the Justice of the Peace, the first home of the College Point Savings Bank, German Singing Societies, the first library in the area, a court room, the Sheriff's Office (2 jail cells remain today), as well as the first free kindergarten in the United States which began here on July 1, 1870."Furthermore, this institute was also established for the protection, care, and custody of infants under the age of five years. The institute, to this day, has survived and is well known as a recognized trade school, enrolling about 400 men and women a year for evening classes.The Poppenhusen Institute also became the location in which many historical exhibits and artifacts of Queens were displayed. In 1962, around Spring time in May, the first anniversary of the opening of the College Point Historical Room commenced at the institute and included a new exhibit on "Volunteer Fire Fighting Companies at College Point. Conrad Poppenhusen started the Enterprise Engine Company Two in 1861. A group called the smokeeaters later changed the unit's name to Enterprise Hose Company and established headquarters in the barns adjoining the institute's property on 14th road: this occurred after the engine was retired from service in 1875. The exhibit displayed fire equipment used during the 1800s.
It was added to the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1970 and then added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.R110B (New York City Subway car)
The R110B (contract order R131) was a prototype class of experimental new technology New York City Subway cars built by Bombardier of Canada for service on the IND and BMT (B Division) services delivered in 1992 and entered service on June 15, 1993 on the A service.St. Agnes Academic High School (Queens)
St. Agnes Academic High School is an all-girls, private, Roman Catholic high school in Queens, New York. It is located within the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn, and was established in 1908 by the Sisters of St. Dominic.St. Agnes held its first graduation for 6 students in 1912. The school was originally co-educational, but in the post World War two years, changed to an all girls format. The current building was built in 1958.
St. Agnes is affiliated with the Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., and is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.