Coldstream

Coldstream (Scottish Gaelic: An Sruthan Fuar, Scots: Caustrim) is a town and civil parish in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland.[1] A former burgh, Coldstream is the home of the Coldstream Guards, a regiment in the British Army.

Coldstream
River Tweed at Coldstream

Coldstream Bridge over the River Tweed
Coldstream is located in Scottish Borders
Coldstream
Coldstream
Location within the Scottish Borders
Population1,813 (2001)
OS grid referenceNT841398
Civil parish
  • Coldstream
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCOLDSTREAM
Postcode districtTD12
Dialling code01890
PoliceScottish
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
Websitecoldstream.co

Description

Coldstream lies on the north bank of the River Tweed in Berwickshire, while Northumberland in England lies to the south bank, with Cornhill-on-Tweed the nearest village. At the 2001 census, the town had a population of 1,813, which was estimated to have risen to 2,050 by 2006.[2][3] The parish, in 2001, had a population of 6,186.[4]

History

Coldstream is the location where Edward I of England invaded Scotland in 1296. In February 1316 during the Wars of Scottish Independence, Sir James Douglas defeated a numerically superior force of Gascon soldiery led by Edmond de Caillou at the Skaithmuir to the north of the town. In 1650 General George Monck founded the Coldstream Guards regiment (a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army). It is one of two regiments of the Household Division that can trace its lineage to the New Model Army. Monck led the regiment to London, helping to enable the Restoration of King Charles II.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Coldstream was a popular centre for runaway marriages, much like Gretna Green, as it lay on a major road (now the A697). A monument to Charles Marjoribanks (d. 1833), MP for Berwickshire, whose ancestral home was in nearby Lees, stands at the east end of the town, near the Coldstream Bridge. Alec Douglas-Home (d. 1995), who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1963 to 1964, is buried in Coldstream.[5]

Notable buildings in the town include the toll house where marriages were conducted, and The Hirsel, which is the family seat of the Earls of Home. Each year, during the first week of August, Coldstream hosts a traditional "Civic Week" where it includes historical aspects of the town's history such as the Torchlight procession and horse-rides to the Battle of Flodden battlefield.

Coldstream Abbey

The Priory of St Mary was founded before 1166 by Earl Gospatrick of Dunbar and ceased to exist in 1621. It had 121 members in 1537 and only 8 in 1621.[6] Isabella Hoppringle (1460 – 1538) was the abbess of Coldstream in 1505-1538.

The Baa Green

The border between Scotland and England runs down the middle of the River Tweed, however between the villages of Wark and Cornhill the Scottish border comes south of the river to enclose a small riverside meadow of approximately 2 to 3 acres (or about a hectare). This piece of land is known as the Ba Green. It is said locally that every year the men of Coldstream would play the men of Wark (south of the river) at ba, and the winning side would claim the Ba Green for their country. As Coldstream grew to have a larger population than Wark, the men of Coldstream always defeated those of Wark at the game, and so the land became a permanent part of Scotland.[7][8][9]

See also

References

  1. ^ The Online Scots Dictionary
  2. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Coldstream Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 29 April 2001. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 September 2009. Retrieved 2012-04-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Census 2001: Usual Resident Population: Civil Parish: Coldstream". Scotland's Census Results Online. General Register Office for Scotland. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  5. ^ Alec Douglas-Home (1903 - 1995) - Find A Grave Memorial
  6. ^ Coldstream; Monastic Matrix
  7. ^ Crofton, Ian (2012). A dictionary of Scottish phrase and fable. Edinburgh: Birlinn. p. 25. ISBN 9781841589770.
  8. ^ Moffat, Alistair (1 July 2011). The Reivers: The Story of the Border Reivers. Birlinn. ISBN 9780857901156.
  9. ^ "(Showing Scottish border south of the Tweed) - Berwickshire Sheet XXIX.SW (includes: Coldstream) -". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
Coldstream, British Columbia

Coldstream is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada, located at the northern end of Kalamalka Lake in the Okanagan Valley. Incorporated on December 21, 1906, Coldstream celebrated its centennial in 2006. The municipality is directly southeast of Vernon and is considered part of Greater Vernon. It is a member municipality of, and also the location of the head offices, of the Regional District of North Okanagan.

Coldstream, Eastern Cape

Coldstream is a town in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

Village east of Plettenberg Bay on the Tsitsikamma coast. Famous for a burial stone excavated nearby in 1910, depicting a prehistoric artist holding brush-feather and palette, indicating that rock paintings were being executed in South Africa some 2,000 years ago. Said to be named after a cold stream flowing past.

Coldstream, Kentucky

Coldstream is a home rule-class city in Jefferson County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 1,100 at the 2010 census, up from 956 at the 2000 census.

Coldstream, Ohio

Coldstream is a census-designated place (CDP) in southern Anderson Township, Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,173 at the 2010 census.

Coldstream, Victoria

Coldstream is a locality and township within Greater Melbourne beyond the Melbourne metropolitan area Urban Growth Boundary, 36 km north-east from Melbourne's central business district. Its Local Government Area is the Shire of Yarra Ranges. At the 2016 census, Coldstream had a population of 2,164.

Coldstream-Homestead-Montebello, Baltimore

The Coldstream-Homestead-Montebello community, a.k.a. The Chum, located in the northeastern section of Baltimore City, in the U.S. state of Maryland, is bounded by Harford Road on the east; Loch Raven Boulevard on the west; 25th Street on the south; and 32nd and 33rd Street on the north and includes Baltimore's scenic Lake Montebello, a holding pond for the City's Department of Public Works regional water system and the Montebello Filtration Plant (constructed 1913) to the immediate north. A portion of the neighborhood has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Coldstream Homestead Montebello Historic District, recognized for the development of a more suburban style of rowhouses.The neighborhood captures its name from the nineteenth century grandeur of Baltimore's elaborate summer estates and small country villages along radiating turnpikes from the center city to outlying major towns but struggles with the twentieth century reality of boarded up rowhouses, crime and litter. Residents of C-H-M actively work to better their neighborhood through the Coldstream-Homestead-Montebello Community Corporation which meets every second Thursday at 7 p.m. on the campus of the Baltimore City College, at 33rd Street and The Alameda. The C-H-M offices are located in the former Music/Industrial Shops/Power Plant annex of 1958 across the faculty upper parking lot.

Baltimore City College is a magnet academic-specialized selective public high school for the humanities, liberal arts, social studies, and is also the third oldest public secondary school in America. It was founded for young men in downtown Baltimore on the former Courtland Street (now Saint Paul Place/Preston Gardens area) in 1839, and re-located to its fifth site at the present Collegiate Gothic landmark building in 1928. Nicknamed "The Castle on the Hill", Baltimore City College, which has been co-educational since 1979, is on a 39-acre campus with a 150-foot stone tower on one of the highest spots and scenic views in the city.

B.C.C. was built in the 1870s on the site of "Abbottston", a country estate of industrialist Horace Abbott. Horace Abbott was the famous owner of ironworks in the Canton waterfront of southeast Baltimore. Previously owned by Peter Cooper, these ironworks are where iron plate was rolled for the revolutionary U.S.S. Monitor ironclad ship in the Civil War. Later the estate passed to Abbott's daughter and son-in-law, of the Gilman family, at Johns Hopkins University and was known as the Gilman-Cate estate until its razing in 1924. Abbottston Street and Abbottston Elementary School in the neighborhood are reminders of its memory.

Located to the west across Loch Raven Boulevard is the former Eastern High School. Founded in 1844 for young women, it was built in 1938 of brick in a Tudor English Gothic Revival style. Facing the 33rd Street Boulevard, it was inspired by the garden parkway plans for Baltimore in the early 20th Century of Frederick Law Olmsted, famed landscape architect of New York City's Central Park. Closed in 1984 and merged with nearby Lake Clifton High School in Clifton Park off Harford Road, the landmark Eastern building was renovated as offices by the Johns Hopkins University and Medical Institutions.

Across to the northwest is the former site of Municipal Stadium (also known as Baltimore Stadium) built in 1921-22 for football and rebuilt in 1950 with an upper deck added as Memorial Stadium for the football Baltimore Colts and the baseball Baltimore Orioles professional teams. The Memorial Stadium was discontinued by the Colts when they moved to Indianapolis in 1984 and only briefly afterwards used by several other teams such as the Canadian Football League's Baltimore Stallions and the transferred NFL franchise Baltimore Ravens from Cleveland in 1996 to 1998 and also by the Orioles when Oriole Park at Camden Yards was built in 1992. It was razed in 2004 after much controversy, and replaced by a mixed development called Stadium Place, consisting of housing and facilities for the YMCA of Central Maryland.

These two institutions have an important impact on the neighboring C-H-M communities.

In 1950, this neighborhood was rated the #1 neighborhood in the city of Baltimore. However, due to the Martin Luther King race riots, and White flight, this neighborhood has been notorious for a decline in income and an increase in crime, specifically blue collar crime.

Coldstream Airport

Coldstream Airport (ICAO: YCEM) is a small Australian regional airfield located in the township of Coldstream in Greater Melbourne, Victoria.

The airstrip at Coldstream was established in March 1962 by Jim Doake, and the airport is still owned by the Doake family. From January 1996, the airfield was operated by the Royal Victorian Aero Club as the base for its flight training school. In February 2011, the RVAC committee voted to relinquish its operation of the airfield, and the flying school's chief pilot, Bob Boyd, took over its operation as Yarra Valley Flight Training on 1 August 2011. The runway was sealed in April 2014, and is the only sealed strip in the Yarra Valley.

The airfield was also the base of AvServe until 2018 when it closed down.

Coldstream Bridge

Coldstream Bridge, linking Coldstream, Scottish Borders with Cornhill-on-Tweed, Northumberland, is an 18th-century Category A/Grade II* listed bridge between England and Scotland, across the River Tweed. The bridge carries the A697 road across the Tweed.

Coldstream F.C.

Coldstream Football Club is a Scottish football club from the town of Coldstream in the Scottish Borders. Formed in 1895, the club is one of the founder members and is now the longest-serving member of the East of Scotland Football League . Coldstream won the first league championship in 1923-24 but have not managed to win the title since. The team have played home matches at Home Park since the club was formed. The team's strip is all blue.

As a licensed member club of the Scottish Football Association, Coldstream are eligible to play in the Scottish Cup.

Coldstream Guards

The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.

It is the oldest regiment in the Regular Army in continuous active service, originating in Coldstream, Scotland, in 1650 when General George Monck founded the regiment. It is one of two regiments of the Household Division that can trace its lineage to the New Model Army, the other being the Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons).

Coldstream River

Coldstream River, a watercourse of the Clarence River catchment, is located in the Northern Rivers district of New South Wales, Australia.

Coldstream railway station

Coldstream railway station served the town of Coldstream in Berwickshire, Scotland although the station was across the River Tweed in Northumberland, England. The station was on both the Alnwick to Cornhill Branch which ran from Alnwick to Cornhill Junction on the Kelso line near Coldstream and the Kelso to Tweedmouth line.

Foot guards

In some militaries, foot guards are senior infantry regiments. Foot guards are commonly responsible for guarding royal families, or other state leaders, and they also often perform ceremonial duties accordingly.

Henry Berkeley Fitzhardinge Maxse

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Berkeley Fitzhardinge Maxse (1832, Effingham Hill, England – 10 September 1883, St. John's, Newfoundland) was a Newfoundland colonial leader and a captain during the Crimean War.

Maxse was commissioned lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards in 1849 and transferred to the 13th Light Dragoons and then the 21st Foot in 1852. He was promoted captain in 1854 and transferred to the Coldstream Guards in 1855. He was promoted major in 1855 and lieutenant-colonel in 1863.

He was wounded at the Battle of Balaclava and received medals of honour for his service. He was lieutenant-governor of Heligoland in 1863 and appointed as governor the following year. Maxse became governor of Newfoundland in 1881.

Maxse was instrumental in the construction of the Newfoundland Railway. Most of his term as governor was spent in Germany with his wife, Auguste von Rudloff (d.1915). A noted German-language scholar, he published an English translation of Bismarck's Letters to his Wife and Sisters.

Maxse died as a result of the injuries he suffered at the Battle of Balaclava. He is buried in Brookwood Cemetery in Surrey.

Middlesex Centre

Middlesex Centre is a township in south-western Ontario, Canada. It is to the north and west of London and is in Middlesex County. The Corporation of the Township of Middlesex Centre formed on January 1, 1998, with the amalgamation of the former Townships of Delaware, Lobo, and London (not to be confused with the adjacent City of London). It is part of the London census metropolitan area. Middlesex Centre is halfway between two of the five Great Lakes. It is north of Lake Erie, and southeast of Lake Huron. Further to the east of Middlesex Centre is Lake Ontario, while to the west is the much smaller Lake St. Clair. This makes the Township of Middlesex Centre very desirable for farming due to frequent precipitation, while it also has higher than normal snowfall from lake-effect snow in the winter creating desirable spring planting conditions (yet less desirable snow removal issues for its residents). The same benefits that the Township receives from the precipitation of the surrounding lakes also subjects the area to severe summer weather conditions due to the convection of any of the surrounding bodies of water in the hot summer heat. Middlesex Centre is within Canada's Tornado Alley, and suffered a hit by an F2 tornado in 1990 at Komoka. Numerous funnel clouds are spotted in the township every summer.dab

School District 22 Vernon

School District 22 Vernon is a school district in Okanagan region of British Columbia. It includes schools in Vernon, Lumby and Coldstream.

Tom Johnston (footballer)

Thomas Deans Johnston (born 30 December 1918 – 27 November 1994) was a Scottish professional footballer and manager.

Johnston grew up in Kelso and began his senior career with Edinburgh side St Bernard's before moving south to join Peterborough United in late 1938. He guested for Bourne Town and Northampton Town during the Second World War and signed for Nottingham Forest upon its conclusion. He crossed the Trent to join Notts County in 1947 and played alongside Tommy Lawton.

Originally an inside forward, Johnston latterly developed into a goal-scoring outside left. Following his playing retirement he earned FA coaching qualifications and, in 1956, a coaching position with Birmingham City. His first managerial role was with non-league Heanor Town before a twenty-year career in charge of Rotherham, Grimsby, Huddersfield and York.

William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington

Major William John Robert Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington (10 December 1917 – 9 September 1944) was a British politician and British Army officer. He was the elder son of Edward Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire, and therefore the heir to the Dukedom. He was killed in action in the Second World War during fighting in the Low Countries in September 1944 whilst leading a company of the Coldstream Guards.

William Coldstream

Sir William Menzies Coldstream, CBE (28 February 1908 – 18 February 1987) was an English realist painter and a long-standing art teacher.

Berwickshire towns and villages
Administrative areas
Flows into
Towns
(upstream to downstream)
Major tributaries
(upstream to downstream by confluence)
Major bridges
(upstream to downstream)

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