Cody Wilson

Cody Rutledge Wilson (born January 31, 1988) is an American crypto-anarchist,[1][2] free-market anarchist, and gun-rights activist.[3] He is best known as a founder and former director of Defense Distributed, a non-profit organization that develops and publishes open source gun designs, so-called "wiki weapons", suitable for 3D printing and digital manufacture.[4][5] He is a co-founder of the Dark Wallet bitcoin storage technology.[6]

Defense Distributed gained international notoriety in 2013 when it published plans online for the Liberator, a functioning pistol that could be reproduced with a 3D printer.[7][8][9]

Wired Magazine's "Danger Room" named Wilson one of "The 15 Most Dangerous People in the World" in 2012.[10][11] In 2015 and 2017 Wired named Wilson one of the five most dangerous people on the Internet.[12][13] In September 2018, he was charged with sexual assault of a minor, in Austin, Texas, and was subsequently arrested in Taiwan.[14][15]

Cody Wilson
Cody Wilson
Wilson in Austin 2012
Born
Cody Rutledge Wilson

January 31, 1988 (age 31)
ResidenceAustin, Texas
NationalityAmerican
Alma materUniversity of Central Arkansas (B.A., 2010)
OccupationDirector of Defense Distributed
Known forDefense Distributed

Early life and education

Originally from Little Rock, Arkansas, Wilson was student body president at Cabot High School in Cabot, Arkansas; he graduated in 2006.

Wilson graduated from the University of Central Arkansas (UCA) with a bachelor's degree in English in 2010, where he had a scholarship.[16] While at UCA, Wilson was a member of Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity and was elected president of UCA's Student Government Association. He traveled to China with UCA's study-abroad program.[17]

In 2012, he studied at the University of Texas School of Law, but left the university in 2013.[18][19]

Career

Defense Distributed

In 2012, Wilson and associates at Defense Distributed started the Wiki Weapon Project to raise funds for designing and releasing the files for a 3D printable gun.[20] At the time Wilson was the project's only spokesperson; he called himself "co-founder" and "director."[21][22]

Learning of Defense Distributed's plans, manufacturer Stratasys threatened legal action and demanded the return of a 3D printer it had leased to Wilson.[21] On September 26, 2012, before the printer was assembled for use, Wilson received an email from Stratasys suggesting he was using the printer "for illegal purposes".[21] Stratasys immediately cancelled its lease with Wilson and sent a team to confiscate the printer.[21][23]

While visiting the office of the ATF in Austin to inquire about legalities related to his project, Wilson was interrogated by the officers there.[21] Six months later, he was issued a Federal Firearms License (FFL) to manufacture and deal.[24]

In May 2013, Wilson successfully test-fired a pistol called "the Liberator" that reportedly was made using a Stratasys Dimension series 3D printer purchased on eBay.[25] After test firing, Wilson released the blueprints of the gun's design online through a Defense Distributed website.[26] The State Department Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance demanded that Wilson remove the files, threatening prosecution for violations of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR).[27]

On May 6, 2015, Defense Distributed and the Second Amendment Foundation filed a lawsuit against the State Department claiming a violation of their First Amendment rights to free speech.[28] On July 10, 2018, it was reported that the company won this lawsuit and would begin again its work at DEFCAD.[29]

After being charged with sexual assault, Wilson resigned from and ended all ties with Defense Distributed on September 21, 2018.[30]

Dark Wallet

In 2013, Wilson, along with Amir Taaki, began work on a Bitcoin cryptocurrency wallet called Dark Wallet,[18][31][32] a project by which he planned to help anonymize financial transactions. He appeared on behalf of the Dark Wallet project at the SXSW festival in Austin, Texas in 2014.[33]

Bitcoin Foundation

On U.S. election day, November 4, 2014, Wilson announced in an interview that he would stand for election to a seat on the Board of Directors of the Bitcoin Foundation, with "the sole purpose of destroying the Foundation." And Wilson stated: "I will run on a platform of the complete dissolution of the Bitcoin Foundation and will begin and end every single one of my public statements with that message."[34]

Hatreon

Wilson launched a website in 2017 to provide crowdfunding and payment services for groups and individuals who were banned from platforms such as Kickstarter, Patreon, PayPal, and Stripe.[35] His site went live in August 2017 and attracted high-profile alt-right and neo-Nazi figures, including Andrew Anglin and Richard B. Spencer.[36][37][38][39][40][35][41] While Wilson said that Hatreon clients included "right-wing women, people of color, and transgender people," Bloomberg News reported that most of the donations went to white supremacists.[35] According to Hannah Shearer, staff attorney at the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, Hatreon users were inciting violence contrary to Hatreon’s terms of service, which forbid illegal activity.[35]

The site claimed to have received about $25,000 a month in donations, an amount that was "doubling from month to month." Hatreon took a 5-percent cut of donations.[35] Within several months of Hatreon's launch, the site's payments processor, Visa, suspended its financial services. Without the means to process payments, the site became inactive.[42][43]

Political and economic views

Wilson claims an array of influences from anti-state and libertarian political thinkers,[44] including leftist market anarchists like the mutualist scholar Pierre-Joseph Proudhon,[25][45] capitalist libertarians such as the Austrian School scholar Hans-Herman Hoppe, and classical liberals including Frederic Bastiat.[3][44] His political thought has been compared to the "conservative revolutionary" ideas of Ernst Jünger.[46] Jacob Siegel wrote that "Cody Wilson arrives at a place where left, right—and democracy—disappear" and that he oscillates "somewhere between anarch and anarchist."[46]

Wilson is an avowed crypto-anarchist, and has discussed his work in relation to the cypherpunks and Timothy May's vision.[47] He frequently cites the work of post-Marxist thinkers in public comments,[48] especially that of Jean Baudrillard, whom he has claimed as his "master."[49][50]

Asked during an interview with Popular Science if the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting affected his thinking or plans in any way, Wilson responded, "... understanding that rights and civil liberties are something that we protect is also understanding that they have consequences that are also protected, or tolerated. The exercise of civil liberties is antithetical to the idea of a completely totalizing state. That's just the way it is."[19]

Wilson is generally opposed to intellectual property rights.[51] He has indicated that although his primary goal is the subversion of state-structures, he also hopes that his contributions may help to dismantle the existing system of capitalist property relations.[52]

In a January 2013 interview with Glenn Beck on the nature of and motivations behind his effort to develop and share gun 3D printable files Wilson said, "That's a real political act, giving you a magazine, telling you that it will never be taken away. ... That's real politics. That's radical equality. That's what I believe in. ... I'm just resisting. What am I resisting? I don't know, the collectivization of manufacture? The institutionalization of the human psyche? I'm not sure. But I can tell you one thing: this is a symbol of irreversibility. They can never eradicate the gun from the earth."[53]

Sexual assault charge

In September 2018, charges were filed against Wilson for allegedly having sexual intercourse with a 16-year-old girl he met on SugarDaddyMeet, a website that matches older men with younger women. He is accused of committing a second-degree felony after paying $500 to the girl for sex in a hotel room in Austin, Texas in August 2018. Austin police said they were alerted by a counselor who had been working with the girl.[54]

It was reported that after Wilson, told that a police investigation was underway, fled[55] to Taipei, Taiwan, which does not have an extradition treaty with the U.S.[14][56] However, Wilson was subsequently arrested in Taiwan by local police and handed to the National Immigration Agency (NIA), charged with a immigration violation as his passport was revoked by the U.S. government.[57][15] He was deported on September 22, 2018[58] and was booked by the United States Marshals Service in Harris County Jail in Houston, Texas on September 23, 2018. He was released after posting a $150,000 bond.[59][60]

Work

Bibliography

  • Come and Take It: The Gun Printer's Guide to Thinking Free (2016) Simon & Schuster[61]

Filmography

As himself

See also

References

  1. ^ Kopfstein, Janus (April 12, 2013). "What happens when 3D printing and crypto-anarchy collide?". The Verge. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  2. ^ Pangburn, DJ (September 13, 2013). "Whistleblowers and the Crypto-Anarchist Underground: An Interview with Andy Greenberg". Motherboard.tv. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  3. ^ Doherty, Brian (December 12, 2012). "What 3-D Printing Means for Gun Rights". Reason. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  4. ^ Brown, Rich (September 7, 2012). "You don't bring a 3D printer to a gun fight - yet". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
  5. ^ "Exclusive: How Dark Wallet's Cody Wilson hopes to use democracy to undo the Bitcoin Foundation". Upstart Business Journal. 4 November 2014.
  6. ^ Greenberg, Andy (May 7, 2013). "Meet The 'Liberator': Test-Firing The World's First Fully 3D-Printed Gun". Forbes. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  7. ^ Morelle, Rebecca (May 6, 2013). "Working gun made with 3D printer". BBC News. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  8. ^ Hutchinson, Lee (May 3, 2013). "The first entirely 3D-printed handgun is here". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  9. ^ "30 Influential Pro-Gun Rights Advocates". USACarry.com. May 20, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  10. ^ "The 15 Most Dangerous People in the World". Wired. December 19, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  11. ^ "The Most Dangerous People on the Internet Right Now". Wired. January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  12. ^ "The Most Dangerous People on the Internet in 2017". Wired. December 28, 2017. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Man at center of 3D-printed gun dispute charged with child sex assault". CBS News. September 19, 2018.
  14. ^ a b Matisse, Nathan (September 21, 2018). "Taiwanese authorities arrest Cody Wilson, intend to deport him". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  15. ^ Danny Yadron (1 January 2014). "Cody Wilson Rattled Lawmakers With Plastic Gun, Now on to Bitcoin Transactions - WSJ". WSJ.
  16. ^ "Document: Cody Wilson: troll, genius, patriot, provocateur, anarchist, attention whore, gun nut or Second Amendment champion?". Cqrcengage.com. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
  17. ^ a b Del Castillo, Michael (September 24, 2013). "Dark Wallet: A Radical Way to Bitcoin". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on September 25, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  18. ^ a b Dillow, Clay (December 21, 2012). "Q+A: Cody Wilson Of The Wiki Weapon Project On The 3-D Printed Future of Firearms". Popular Science. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  19. ^ Greenberg, Andy (August 23, 2012). "'Wiki Weapon Project' Aims To Create A Gun Anyone Can 3D-Print At Home". Forbes. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  20. ^ a b c d e Beckhusen, Robert (October 1, 2012). "3-D Printer Company Seizes Machine From Desktop Gunsmith". Wired News. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
  21. ^ Hotz, Alexander (November 25, 2012). "3D 'Wiki Weapon' guns could go into testing by end of year, maker claims". The Guardian. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  22. ^ Coldewey, Devin (October 2, 2012). "3-D printed gun project derailed by legal woes". NBC News. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  23. ^ Farivar, Cyrus (March 17, 2013). "3D-printed gun maker now has federal firearms license to manufacture, deal guns". Ars Technica. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
  24. ^ a b Rayner, Alex (May 6, 2013). "3D-printable guns are just the start, says Cody Wilson". The Guardian. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  25. ^ Brown, Steven Rex (May 13, 2013). "Man who used 3-D printer to create gun hopes efforts can 'destroy the spirit of gun control itself'". Daily News. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  26. ^ Andy Greenberg (9 May 2013). "State Department Demands Takedown Of 3D-Printable Gun Files For Possible Export Control Violations". Forbes.
  27. ^ "3-D Printed Gun Lawsuit Starts the War Between Arms Control and Free Speech". WIRED. 6 May 2015.
  28. ^ Greenberg, Andy (July 10, 2018). "A Landmark Legal Shift Opens Pandora's Box for DIY Guns". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028.
  29. ^ "Defense Distributed's new era—Cody Wilson resigns, former arts professional steps in". Ars Technica. 25 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  30. ^ Greenberg, Andy (October 31, 2013). "Dark Wallet Aims To Be The Anarchist's Bitcoin App Of Choice". Forbes. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  31. ^ Feuer, Alan (December 14, 2013). "The Bitcoin Ideology". The New York Times. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  32. ^ "Cody Wilson: Happiness is a 3-D Printed Gun". ReasonTV - Youtube.com. April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  33. ^ del Castillo, Michael (November 4, 2014). "Exclusive: Cody Wilson to run for Bitcoin Foundation board, plans its destruction". American City Business Journals. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  34. ^ a b c d e Popescu, Adam (2017-12-04). "This Crowdfunding Site Runs on Hate". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-12-18.
  35. ^ Bonazzo, John (2017-08-07). "The Alt-Right Is Now Using 'Hatreon' to Crowdfund Its Projects". Observer. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  36. ^ Rosenberg, Yair (2017-11-14). "The Success of 'Hatreon' Shows Us Why Kicking Bigots Off Social Platforms Doesn't Solve the Problem". Tablet Magazine. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  37. ^ Fox, Megan. "Alt-Tech Bad Boy Cody Wilson Explains Hatreon, an Alternative to Online Censorship". PJ Media. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  38. ^ Hicks, William. "MEET HATREON, THE NEW FAVORITE WEBSITE OF THE ALT-RIGHT". Newsweek. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  39. ^ "'Hatreon' is The new Crowdfunding platform For The alt-right". usa today. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  40. ^ Kestenbaum, Sam (2017-08-04). "IndieGoGo Is All Good, But Where Do Neo-Nazis Go To Crowdfund?". The Forward. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  41. ^ "Cody Rutledge Wilson". Southern Poverty Law Center. Hatreon processing was suspended by Visa in November.
  42. ^ Michel, Casey (2018-03-13). "White supremacists' favorite fundraising site may be imploding". ThinkProgress.
  43. ^ a b Steele, Chandra (May 9, 2013). "Dismantle the State: Q&A With 3D Gun Printer Cody Wilson". PC Magazine. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  44. ^ Ostroff, Joshua (March 12, 2013). "'Wiki Weapons' Maker Cody Wilson Says 3D Printed Guns 'Are Going To Be Possible Forever'". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  45. ^ a b Siegel, Jacob (May 1, 2018). "Send Anarchists, Guns, and Money". The Baffler. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  46. ^ "How This 'Crypto-Anarchist' Could Completely Destroy Gun Control". The Daily Wire. October 16, 2017. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  47. ^ Moretti, Eddy (April 9, 2013). "Cody Wilson on 3D Printed Guns". VICE MEETS. Season 1. VICE. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  48. ^ "Cody Wilson Wants to Destroy Your World". Wired. March 11, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  49. ^ Wilson, Cody (August 23, 2017). "Silicon Valley Struggle Sessions". Jacobite. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  50. ^ Sackur, Stephen (March 11, 2014). "Cody Wilson". BBC HARDtalk. Season 17. BBC. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  51. ^ "Barack Obama Is A Grocery Clerk! A Fraud And A Salesman Used To Sell You Something On TV". BBC. March 12, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  52. ^ Wilson (January 18, 2013). "Wiki Weapons Founder: "They can never eradicate the gun from the Earth"". Glenn Beck. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  53. ^ Hsu, Tiffany (September 19, 2018). "3-D Printed Gun Promoter, Cody Wilson, Is Charged With Sexual Assault of Child". The New York Times. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  54. ^ Dreyfuss, Emily; Lapowsky, Issie (19 September 2018). "DIY Gun Activist Cody Wilson Accused of Child Sexual Assault". Wired. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  55. ^ Owen, Tess (September 19, 2018). "3D-printed gun activist Cody Wilson charged with sexual assault of a minor". Vice. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  56. ^ "Taiwan police arrest American 3D-printed gun maker Cody Wilson". Taiwan News. September 21, 2018. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
  57. ^ Lee, Yimou (September 23, 2018). "Texan running 3-D printed guns company sent back to U.S. by Taiwan authorities". U.S. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  58. ^ "3-D printed gun advocate Cody Wilson bonds out of jail in Houston after arrest in Taiwan". Houston Chronicle. 2018-09-23. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  59. ^ "3D-printed gun activist Cody Wilson released from Harris County Jail". Fox 26 Houston. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  60. ^ Wilson, Cody (2016). Come and Take It: The Gun Printer’s Guide to Thinking Free. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781476778266. OCLC 934432718.

External links

3D printed firearms

In 2012, the U.S.-based group Defense Distributed disclosed plans to design a working plastic gun that could be downloaded and reproduced by anybody with a 3D printer. Defense Distributed has also designed a 3D printable AR-15 type rifle lower receiver (capable of lasting more than 650 rounds) and a variety of magazines, including for the AK-47. In May 2013, Defense Distributed completed design of the first working blueprint to produce a plastic gun with a 3D printer. The United States Department of State demanded removal of the instructions from the Defense Distributed website, deeming them a violation of the Arms Export Control Act. In 2015, Defense Distributed founder Cody Wilson sued the United States government on free speech grounds and in 2018 the Department of Justice settled, acknowledging Wilson's right to publish instructions for the production of 3D printed firearms.In 2013 a Texas company, Solid Concepts, demonstrated a 3D printed version of an M1911 pistol made of metal, using an industrial 3D printer.

ANX (Hong Kong company)

ANX INTERNATIONAL (formerly known as Asia Nexgen) is a Hong Kong-based financial technology company.

Amir Taaki

Amir Taaki (Persian: امیر تاکی‎; born 6 February 1988) is a British-Iranian anarchist revolutionary, hacktivist, and programmer who is known for his leading role in the bitcoin project, and for pioneering many open source projects. Forbes listed Taaki in their top 30 entrepreneurs of 2014. Driven by the political philosophy of the Rojava revolution, Taaki traveled to Syria, served in the YPG military, and worked in Rojava's civil society on various economic projects for a year and a half.

BTCC (company)

BTCC was a Hong Kong based bitcoin exchange that was once the world's second largest by volume in October 2014. Founded in June 2011 as BTCChina, it was China's first bitcoin exchange, and most of its customers are thought to be from the domestic market. In 2018, it was thought to now have almost 150 employees.. It closed down in September of 2018.

Base58

Base58 is a group of binary-to-text encoding schemes used to represent large integers as alphanumeric text, introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto for use with Bitcoin. It has since been applied to other cryptocurrencies and applications. It is similar to Base64 but has been modified to avoid both non-alphanumeric characters and letters which might look ambiguous when printed. It is therefore designed for human users who manually enter the data, copying from some visual source, but also allows easy copy and paste because a double-click will usually select the whole string.

Compared to Base64, the following similar-looking letters are omitted: 0 (zero), O (capital o), I (capital i) and l (lower case L) as well as the non-alphanumeric characters + (plus) and / (slash). In contrast to Base64, the digits of the encoding do not line up well with byte boundaries of the original data. For this reason, the method is well-suited to encode large integers, but not designed to encode longer portions of binary data. The actual order of letters in the alphabet depends on the application, which is the reason why the term “Base58” alone is not enough to fully describe the format. A variant, Base56, excludes 1 (one) and o (lowercase o) compared to Base 58.

Base58Check is a Base58 encoding format that unambiguously encodes the type of data in the first few characters and includes an error detection code in the last few characters.

BitInstant

BitInstant was a bitcoin exchange start-up based in New York City. Founded in 2011 by Gareth Nelson and Charlie Shrem, BitInstant provided a means to pay traditional funds rapidly to bitcoin exchanges. As of January 2014, BitInstant's website is no longer available, displaying only a blank page. Its blog was unavailable as of October 31, 2014.

BitMEX

BitMEX is a cryptocurrency exchange and derivative trading platform. It is owned and operated by HDR Global Trading Limited, which is registered in the Seychelles and has offices worldwide.

Bitcoin Foundation

The Bitcoin Foundation is an American nonprofit corporation. It was founded in September 2012 in order to try to restore the reputation of bitcoin after several scandals, and to try to promote its development and uptake. The organization was modeled on the Linux Foundation and is funded mainly through grants made by for-profit companies that depend on the bitcoin technology.

Bitcoin Gold

Bitcoin Gold is a distributed digital currency. It is a hard fork of Bitcoin, the open source cryptocurrency. The stated purpose of the hard fork is to restore the mining functionality with common Graphics Processing Units (GPU), in place of mining with specialized ASIC (customized chipsets), used to mine Bitcoin.ASIC resistant GPU powered mining provides a solution, as this kind of hardware is ubiquitous, and anyone can start mining with a standard, off-the-shelf laptop computer.

Bitcoin Gold was hit by double-spending attack on May 18, 2018.

Bittrex

Bittrex is a US-based cryptocurrency exchange headquartered in Seattle, Washington. The company was founded in 2013 by Bill Shihara and two business partners, all of whom previously worked as security professionals at Microsoft. The exchange is the thirteenth largest cryptocurrency exchange by daily trading volume, is renowned for the vast number of cryptocurrencies it has listed, and has a good reputation for its security. Bittrex is not a regulated exchange under US securities laws.Corporate customers based in the U.S. states of Washington, California, New York and Montana may trade using U.S. dollars held in Signature Bank of New York.

Central Michigan Chippewas football statistical leaders

The Central Michigan Chippewas football statistical leaders are individual statistical leaders of the Central Michigan Chippewas football program in various categories, including passing, rushing, receiving, total offense, defensive stats, and kicking. Within those areas, the lists identify single-game, single-season, and career leaders. The Chippewas represent Central Michigan University in the NCAA's Mid-American Conference.

Although Central Michigan began competing in intercollegiate football in 1896, the school's official record book considers the "modern era" to have begun in 1951. Records from before this year are often incomplete and inconsistent, and they are generally not included in these lists.

These lists are dominated by more recent players for several reasons:

Since 1951, seasons have increased from 10 games to 11 and then 12 games in length.

The NCAA didn't allow freshmen to play varsity football until 1972 (with the exception of the World War II years), allowing players to have four-year careers.

Bowl games only began counting toward single-season and career statistics in 2002. The Chippewas have played in eight bowl games since this decision, allowing many recent players an extra game to accumulate statistics.

Similarly, Central Michigan has played in the MAC Championship Game three times (2006, 2007, and 2009), giving yet another game to players in those seasons.These lists are updated through the end of the 2016 season.

Defense Distributed

Defense Distributed is an online open-source hardware organization that develops digital schematics of firearms in CAD files, or "wiki weapons", that may be downloaded from the Internet and used in 3D printing or CNC milling applications. Among the organization's goals is to develop and freely publish firearms-related design schematics that can be downloaded and reproduced by anyone with a 3D printer or milling machine, facilitating the popular production of ghost guns.The company is best known for developing and releasing the files for the Liberator, the world's first completely 3D printed gun. On May 5, 2013, Defense Distributed made these printable STL files public, and within days the United States Department of State demanded they be removed from the Internet, citing a violation of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations.On May 6, 2015, Defense Distributed, joined by the Second Amendment Foundation (SAF), brought suit against the Department of State in the Western District of Texas, which denied its preliminary injunction request. It subsequently appealed to the Fifth Circuit, which affirmed the denial, and then the Supreme Court, which declined to hear the case.On July 10, 2018 it was announced that Defense Distributed and Second Amendment Foundation had accepted a settlement offer from the Department of State, effectively winning the case and restarting their work. On July 27, Defense Distributed released ten CAD files for download at DEFCAD before Western Washington District Court Judge Robert S. Lasnik subsequently issued an order on July 31 suspending the settlement and halting further release of the company's files. Multiple lawsuits are currently filed by state governments and Defense Distributed seeking to challenge or uphold this settlement.

Feinstein AK Mag

The Feinstein AK Mag is a 3D printed magazine for the AK-47 rifle. It was created by Defense Distributed and made public on March 2013. The magazine was created using a Stratasys Dimension SST 3-D printer via the fused deposition modeling (FDM) method.It is a 30-round 7.62×39 AK-47 magazine. It is named after the anti-gun congresswoman Dianne Feinstein. Cody Wilson (founder of Defense Distributed), said the magazine’s name is a symbol of what’s happening in congress and reflects Defense Distributed's belief the proposed ban on assault weapons by Dianne Feinstein will fail. The original prototype was able to withstand 60 rounds before it began to crack.

List of bitcoin organizations

This is a list of nonprofit organizations with notable activities related to bitcoin.

OKEx

OKEx is a cryptocurrency exchange.

Open admissions

Open admissions, or open enrollment, is a type of unselective and noncompetitive college admissions process in the United States in which the only criterion for entrance is a high school diploma or a certificate of attendance or General Educational Development (GED) certificate.

Open university

An open university is a university with an open-door academic policy, with minimal or no entry requirements. Open universities may employ specific teaching methods, such as open supported learning or distance education. However, not all open universities focus on distance education, nor do distance-education universities necessarily have open admission policies.

Print the Legend

Print the Legend is a 2014 documentary film and Netflix Original focused on the 3D printing revolution. It delves into the growth of the 3D printing industry, with focus on startup companies MakerBot and Formlabs, established companies Stratasys, PrintForm and 3D Systems, and figures of controversy in the industry such as Cody Wilson.

The title of the film comes from the denouement of the film The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.A trailer for the film is available at the documentary's official website.

It was filmed on Canon EOS C300 and Canon EOS C100.

ShapeShift

ShapeShift is a company that offers global trading of a variety of digital assets via web and mobile platforms. It is headquartered in Switzerland, but run out of Denver.The company first began requiring personal identication information from its customers on October 1, 2018.If the exchange fails and the user does not make a refund claim within 90 days, the company will keep all assets.

People
Groups
Technologies
Software client
Forks
Exchanges

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.