Code page 855

Code page 855 (also known as CP 855, IBM 00855,[1] OEM 855,[2] MS-DOS Cyrillic[3]) is a code page used under DOS to write Cyrillic script. At one time it was widely used in Serbia, Macedonia and Bulgaria, but it never caught on in Russia, where Code page 866 was more common. This code page is not used much.

Character set

The following table shows code page 855.[2][4] Each character is shown with its equivalent Unicode code point. Only the second half of the table (code points 128–255) is shown, the first half (code points 0–127) being the same as code page 437.

Code page 855
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
8_
128
ђ
0452
Ђ
0402
ѓ
0453
Ѓ
0403
ё
0451
Ё
0401
є
0454
Є
0404
ѕ
0455
Ѕ
0405
і
0456
І
0406
ї
0457
Ї
0407
ј
0458
Ј
0408
9_
144
љ
0459
Љ
0409
њ
045A
Њ
040A
ћ
045B
Ћ
040B
ќ
045C
Ќ
040C
ў
045E
Ў
040E
џ
045F
Џ
040F
ю
044E
Ю
042E
ъ
044A
Ъ
042A
A_
160
а
0430
А
0410
б
0431
Б
0411
ц
0446
Ц
0426
д
0434
Д
0414
е
0435
Е
0415
ф
0444
Ф
0424
г
0433
Г
0413
«
00AB
»
00BB
B_
176

2591

2592

2593

2502

2524
х
0445
Х
0425
и
0438
И
0418

2563

2551

2557

255D
й
0439
Й
0419

2510
C_
192

2514

2534

252C

251C

2500

253C
к
043A
К
041A

255A

2554

2569

2566

2560

2550

256C
¤
00A4
D_
208
л
043B
Л
041B
м
043C
М
041C
н
043D
Н
041D
о
043E
О
041E
п
043F

2518

250C

2588

2584
П
041F
я
044F

2580
E_
224
Я
042F
р
0440
Р
0420
с
0441
С
0421
т
0442
Т
0422
у
0443
У
0423
ж
0436
Ж
0416
в
0432
В
0412
ь
044C
Ь
042C

2116
F_
240
SHY
00AD
ы
044B
Ы
042B
з
0437
З
0417
ш
0448
Ш
0428
э
044D
Э
042D
щ
0449
Щ
0429
ч
0447
Ч
0427
§
00A7

25A0
NBSP
00A0

Code page 872

IBM code page 872 is a variant of code page 855; the only difference is that the euro sign (€) replaces the currency sign (¤).

References

  1. ^ "00855". Code pages by CPGID. IBM.
  2. ^ a b "OEM 855". Go Global Developer Center. Microsoft. Retrieved 11 Oct 2011.
  3. ^ "Code Page 855 MS-DOS Cyrillic". Developing International Software. Microsoft. Retrieved 3 Nov 2011.
  4. ^ "cp855_DOSCyrillic to Unicode table" (TXT). The Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 13 Nov 2011.
De (Cyrillic)

De (Д д; italics: Д д) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

De commonly represents the voiced dental stop /d/, like the pronunciation of ⟨d⟩ in admit.

De is romanized using the Latin letter D.

Dje

Dje (Ђ ђ; italics: Ђ ђ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

Dje is the sixth letter of the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet, used in Serbo-Croatian to represent the voiced alveolo-palatal affricate /dʑ/.

Dje corresponds to the Latin letter D with stroke (Đ đ) in Gaj's Latin alphabet of Serbo-Croatian and is so transliterated. When strokes are unavailable, it is transliterated as ⟨Dj dj⟩.

Dzhe

Dzhe or Gea (Џ џ; italics: Џ џ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script used in Macedonian and varieties of Serbo-Croatian (Bosnian, Montenegrin, and Serbian) to represent the voiced retroflex affricate /ɖʐ/, something like the pronunciation of ⟨j⟩ in “jump”.

Dzhe corresponds in other Cyrillic alphabets to the digraphs ⟨дж⟩ or ⟨чж⟩, or to the letters Che with descender (Ҷ ҷ), Che with vertical stroke (Ҹ ҹ), Khakassian Che (Ӌ ӌ), Zhe with breve (Ӂ ӂ), Zhe with diaeresis (Ӝ ӝ), or Zhje (Җ җ).

In the Latin version of Serbo-Croatian, it corresponds with the digraph ⟨dž⟩ which, like the digraphs ⟨lj⟩ and ⟨nj⟩, is treated as a single letter, including in crossword puzzles and for purposes of collation.

Abkhaz uses it to represent the voiced retroflex affricate /ɖʐ/. The ligature џь is used to represent the /dʒ/ sound.

Ef (Cyrillic)

Ef or Fe (Ф ф; italics: Ф ф) is a Cyrillic letter, commonly representing the voiceless labiodental fricative /f/, like the pronunciation of ⟨f⟩ in "fill". The Cyrillic letter Ef is romanized as ⟨f⟩. In Russian and all languages, it is known as Fe.

El (Cyrillic)

El (Лл) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

El commonly represents the alveolar lateral approximant /l/. In Slavic languages it may be either palatalized or slightly velarized; see below.

Em (Cyrillic)

Em (М м; italics: М м) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.Em commonly represents the bilabial nasal consonant /m/, like the pronunciation of ⟨m⟩ in "him".

It is derived from the Greek letter Mu (Μ μ).

En (Cyrillic)

En (Н н; italics: Н н) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the alveolar nasal consonant /n/, like the pronunciation of ⟨n⟩ in "neat".

Er (Cyrillic)

Er (Р р; italics: Р р) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the alveolar trill /r/, like the "rolled" sound in the Scottish pronunciation of ⟨r⟩ in "curd".

Es (Cyrillic)

Es (С с; italics: С с) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiceless alveolar fricative /s/, like the pronunciation of ⟨s⟩ in "sand".

Je (Cyrillic)

Je (Ј ј; italics: Ј ј) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, taken over from the Latin letter J.It commonly represents the palatal approximant /j/, like the pronunciation of ⟨y⟩ in "yes".

Ka (Cyrillic)

Ka (К к; italics: К к) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiceless velar plosive /k/, like the pronunciation of ⟨k⟩ in "king".

Kha (Cyrillic)

Kha or Ha (Х х; italics: Х х) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It looks the same as the Latin letter X (X x X x), in both uppercase and lowercase, both roman and italic forms, and was derived from the Greek letter Chi, which also bears a resemblance to both the Latin X and Kha.

It commonly represents the voiceless velar fricative /x/, similar to the pronunciation of ⟨ch⟩ in “loch”.

Kha is romanised as ⟨kh⟩ for Russian, Ukrainian, Belarussian, Kazakh, and Tajik, while it is romanised as ⟨h⟩ for Serbian, Bulgarian, and Macedonian.

Lje

Lje (Љ љ; italics: Љ љ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

Lje represents a palatal lateral /ʎ/, a sound similar (but not identical) to the palatalized alveolar lateral, which is in some languages represented by the digraph ⟨ль⟩ and pronounced /lʲ/ like the ⟨ll⟩ in "million". Compare Latvian ⟨ļ⟩, Czech ⟨ľ⟩, Spanish ⟨ll⟩, Italian ⟨gl⟩, and Czech ⟨ĺ⟩.

Lje is a ligature of ⟨л⟩ and ⟨ь⟩. It was invented by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić for use in Serbian Cyrillic in his 1818 Serbian Dictionary, replacing the earlier digraph ⟨ль⟩. It corresponds to the digraph ⟨Lj⟩ in Gaj's Latin alphabet for Serbo-Croatian.It is today used in Macedonian, variants of Serbo-Croatian when written in Cyrillic (Bosnian, Montenegrin and Serbian), and Itelmen.

Nje

Nje (Њ њ; italics: Њ њ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It is a ligature of the Cyrillic letters En ⟨н⟩ and Soft Sign ⟨ь⟩. It was invented by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić for use in Serbian Cyrillic in his 1818 dictionary, replacing the earlier digraph ⟨нь⟩. It corresponds to the digraph ⟨nj⟩ in Gaj's Latin alphabet for Serbo-Croatian.It is today used in Macedonian, variants of Serbo-Croatian when written in Cyrillic (Bosnian, Montenegrin, and Serbian), Itelmen and Udege, where it represents a palatal nasal /ɲ/, similar to the ⟨ny⟩ in "canyon" (cf. Polish ⟨ń⟩, Czech and Slovak ⟨ň⟩, Galician and Spanish ⟨ñ⟩, Occitan, Portuguese and Vietnamese ⟨nh⟩, Catalan and Hungarian ⟨ny⟩, and Italian and French ⟨gn⟩).

Pe (Cyrillic)

Pe (П п; italics: П п) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the unaspirated voiceless bilabial plosive /p/, like the pronunciation of ⟨p⟩ in "spin".

Te (Cyrillic)

Te (Т т; italics: Т m) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiceless alveolar plosive /t/, like the pronunciation of ⟨t⟩ in "stick".

Ye (Cyrillic)

Ye (Е е; italics: Е е) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In some languages this letter is called E.

It commonly represents the vowel [e] or [ɛ], like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".

Ye is romanized using the Latin letter E.It was derived from the Greek letter epsilon (Ε ε).

Yi (Cyrillic)

Yi (Ї ї; italics: Ї ї) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Yi is derived from the French letter Ï.

It represents the iotated vowel sound /ji/, like the pronunciation of ⟨yea⟩ in "yeast". It is used in the Ukrainian alphabet, the Pannonian Rusyn alphabet, and the Prešov Rusyn alphabet of Slovakia.

In various romanization systems, ї is represented by Roman ji, yi, i, or even ï, but the most common is yi.

It was formerly also used in the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet in the late 1700s and early 1800s, where it represented the sound /j/; in this capacity, it was introduced by Dositej Obradović but eventually replaced with the modern letter ј by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić.In Ukrainian, the letter was introduced as part of the Zhelekhivka orthography, in Yevhen Zhelekhivsky's Ukrainian–German dictionary (2 volumes, 1885–6).

Zhe (Cyrillic)

Zhe (Ж ж; italics: Ж ж) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiced palato-alveolar sibilant /ʒ/ (listen), or the somewhat similar voiced retroflex sibilant /ʐ/ (listen), like the pronunciation of ⟨su⟩ in "treasure".

Zhe is romanized as ⟨zh⟩ or ⟨ž⟩.

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National standards
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