The Cockermouth River is a 9.5-mile-long (15.3 km) stream located in central New Hampshire in the United States. It is the longest tributary of Newfound Lake, part of the Pemigewasset River and ultimately Merrimack River watersheds. The river takes its name from the "Cockermouth Grant", an early name for a portion of the town of Hebron.
The river begins in Province Road State Forest near the western boundary of Groton, New Hampshire and proceeds southeast across the entire town of Groton. The river is closely paralleled by Sculptured Rocks Road, a very rough dirt road which gradually becomes more passable to automobiles as it proceeds downstream. The river passes through Sculptured Rocks Natural Area, a series of narrow, sharply carved rock formations that are a popular local swimming hole, then enters a broader valley as it passes the village center of Groton.
Continuing east, the Cockermouth River enters the town of Hebron and flows into Newfound Lake near the lake's northern end.
The Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railway (CK&PR) was an English railway company incorporated by Act of Parliament on 1 August 1861, to build a line connecting the town of Cockermouth with the London and North Western Railway (LNWR) West Coast Main Line at Penrith. Arrangements for the use of the stations at either end (Cockermouth was already served by the Cockermouth and Workington Railway (C&WR)) were included. Passenger and goods traffic was worked by the LNWR and mineral traffic by the North Eastern Railway, both of whom had shares in the company (the NER inheriting its holding from the Stockton and Darlington Railway, which had encouraged the promotion of the line). The line was 31 1⁄2 miles (50.7 km) in length, and had eight intermediate stations.Groton, New Hampshire
Groton is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 593 at the 2010 census.Hebron, New Hampshire
Hebron is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 602 at the 2010 census. Settlements include the town center and the village of East Hebron.Hebron Village Historic District
The Hebron Village Historic District encompasses the heart of the small town of Hebron, New Hampshire. It consists of the town common, located near the northwest tip of Newfound Lake, the local cemetery, and the buildings immediately adjacent. Four of the thirteen major buildings are public facilities, while eight are residences and one is a store. Two of the public buildings have been repurposed: the town hall is located in a building that was a chapel in 1909, and the public library is located in a building that was built as a grange hall in 1915. Most of the residential structures were built in the first half of the 19th century. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.The town of Hebron was incorporated in 1792 out of portions of neighboring towns. Its first public land was the village cemetery, which was laid out soon after incorporation. The town common was acquired by the town in 1799 from Evan Bartlett and Deacon Hobart. It was located for its proximity to what were then natural transportation routes, on the banks of Newfound Lake and the Cockermouth River, which empties into the lake a short way east of the village. In the 19th century, the village flourished economically, in part due to the founding of small-scale water-powered industries on a nearby stream. The common remained largely as originally configured, with the only major alteration the donation of a portion for the establishment of Hebron Academy in 1839.List of rivers of New Hampshire
This is a list of rivers and significant streams in the U.S. state of New Hampshire.
All watercourses named "River" (freshwater or tidal) are listed here, as well as other streams which are either subject to the New Hampshire Comprehensive Shoreland Protection Act or are more than 10 miles (16 km) long. New Hampshire rivers and streams qualify for state shoreland protection (and are listed here in bold) if they are fourth-order or larger water bodies, based on the Strahler method of stream order classification.Mount Cardigan
Mount Cardigan is a prominent bare-rock summit in the towns of Orange and Alexandria in western New Hampshire, USA. While its peak is only 3,155 feet (962 m) above sea level, it has extensive areas of bare granite ledges and alpine scrub, giving it the feel to hikers of a much higher mountain. Most of the summit area was denuded by devastating forest fires in 1855.
The Civilian Conservation Corps helped to develop the alpine ski trail network still in use today on the east side of the mountain.
The mountain is set in the 5,655-acre (22.88 km2) Cardigan Mountain State Park.
The Cardigan Lodge, operated by the Appalachian Mountain Club since 1934, is located to the east at the foot of the mountain, and is often used as a base for day hikes in and around the mountain. Many schools from around New England have overnight field trips to the mountain during the autumn and spring months.. The mountain is also a popular destination for Boy Scout troops.Newfound Lake
Newfound Lake is located in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. It is situated in the Lakes Region of central New Hampshire, in the towns of Alexandria, Bridgewater, Bristol, and Hebron. Its area of 4,451 acres (18.0 km2) places it behind only Lake Winnipesaukee and Squam Lake among lakes located entirely within New Hampshire, and fourth in the state overall, when Umbagog Lake on the Maine border is included.Newfound River (New Hampshire)
The Newfound River is a 3.2-mile-long (5.1 km) river located in central New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Pemigewasset River, part of the Merrimack River watershed.
The Newfound River begins at the outlet of Newfound Lake in Bristol, New Hampshire. The river drops rapidly through the town of Bristol, passing over several hydroelectric dams before reaching the Pemigewasset.
Major tributaries of the Newfound River (via Newfound Lake) are the Fowler River and the Cockermouth River.Place name origins
In much of the "Old World" (approximately Africa, Asia and Europe) the names of many places cannot easily be interpreted or understood; they do not convey any apparent meaning in the modern language of the area. This is due to a general set of processes through which place names evolve over time, until their obvious meaning is lost. In contrast, in the "New World" (roughly North America, South America, and Australasia), many place names' origins are known.
Although the origin of many place names is now forgotten, it is often possible to establish likely meanings through consideration of early forms of the name. Some general conclusions about the nature of place names, and the way in which place names change, can be made and are examined below. It is also possible to distinguish regional trends and differences in the naming of places, as is also discussed below.Sculptured Rocks Natural Area
The Sculptured Rocks Natural area is a 272-acre (110 ha) natural area in Groton, New Hampshire. Its main feature is its namesake, the Sculptured Rocks, which are a series of narrow, sharply carved rock formations that are a popular local swimming hole. They are located on the Cockermouth River, which is the longest tributary of Newfound Lake. The Sculptured Rocks Road, which runs along this same river, shares its namesake with the park.
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