Coat of arms of Mauritius

The coat of arms of Mauritius are stipulated in the "Mauritius Laws 1990 Vol.2 SCHEDULE (Section 2)". The arms were designed by the Mayor of Johannesburg in 1906, Johann Van Der Puf. In the lower left quarter is a key and on the right-hand side is a white star, which are referred to in the Latin motto "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" meaning "Star and Key of the Indian Ocean".

Coat of arms of Mauritius
Coat of arms of Mauritius
ArmigerRepublic of Mauritius
Adopted1906
BlazonQuarterly azure and or: (1) A lymphad or; (2) 3 palm trees vert; (3) A key in pale the wards downwards gules; (4) From the base a pile, and in chief a mullet argent
SupportersOn the dexter side, a dodo per bend sinister embattled gules and argent and on the sinister side, a sambur deer per bend embattled argent and gules, each supporting a sugar cane erect proper
MottoStella Clavisque Maris Indici
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"

Blazon

The armorial ensigns and supporters of Mauritius are described as:

(a) for arms-

  1. Quarterly azure and or.
  2. In the first quarter a lymphad or.
  3. In the second, 3 palm trees vert.
  4. In the third, a key in pale the wards downwards gules.
  5. In the issuant, from the base a pile, and in chief a mullet argent.

(b) for the supporters-

  1. On the dexter side, a dodo per bend sinister embattled gules and argent, and
  2. On the sinister side, a sambur deer per bend embattled argent and gules, each supporting a sugar cane erect proper,

(c) with the motto "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (lat: Star and Key of the Indian Ocean)

Colour code

  • Azure – Royal Blue (Pantone Reflex Blue)
  • Or – Gold (Metallic Gold)
  • Vert – Emerald Green (Pantone Green)
  • Gules – Warm Red (Pantone 2X)
  • Argent – Silver (Metallic Silver) [1]
Armorial of sovereign states

This gallery of sovereign state coats of arms shows the coat of arms, an emblem serving a similar purpose or both (such as greater and lesser coat of arms, national emblem or seal) of each of the countries in the list of countries.

Cuisine of Mauritius

The cuisine of Mauritius is a blend of Chinese, European and Indian influences in the history of Mauritius. Dishes from French cuisine have grown very popular in Mauritius. Most of the dishes and practices into the culinary traditions are inspired from former slaves, Indian workers and Chinese migrant during the 19th century.

Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius

The Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic Mauritius (French: Vice-Premier Ministre) is the senior member of the Cabinet of Mauritius. The actual Deputy Prime Minister Ivan Collendavelloo was appointed by the President on 20 December 2016 after the resignation of Xavier-Luc Duval. The Deputy Prime Minister is the first in line to succeed the Prime Minister on a temporary basis in case the latter is out of the country, sick, resigns or dies suddenly.

First Ladies and Gentlemen of Mauritius

The First Lady (French: Première dame) or First Gentleman of Mauritius is a term used by the media for the spouse of the sitting President of Mauritius.

Flag of Mauritius

The national flag of Mauritius, also known as the Four Bands and Les Quatre Bandes (French for "the four bands"), was adopted upon independence, March 12, 1968. It consists of four horizontal bands of equal width, coloured (from top to bottom) red, blue, yellow, and green. The flag was recorded at the College of Arms in London on 9 January 1968.

The flag was designed by Gurudutt Moher who was a primary school teacher at that time. He died of a heart attack on October 7, 2017 at the age of 93.

The civil ensign (for private vessels) and government ensign (for state vessels) are red and blue flags, respectively, each with the national flag in the canton and the coat of arms of Mauritius in the fly.

The naval ensign (used by coast guard vessels) is an unusual design consisting of red, white, and blue vertical stripes of unequal widths defaced by a central anchor/key emblem.

Historical flags of the British Empire and the overseas territories

The Historical flags of the British Empire and the overseas territories refers to the various flags that were used across the various Dominions, Crown Colonies, Protectorates, territories which made up the British Empire and current Overseas territories. Early flags that were used across the Empire (In particular the then Thirteen Colonies which would later become the United States of America) tended to variations of the Red and Blue Ensigns of Great Britain with no colonial badges or coat of arms attached to them. In the first half of the 19th Century, the first colonies started to acquire their own colony badges, but it was not until the 1860s when legislation was passed by the UK Parliament that the colonies were encouraged to apply for their own emblems.

Index of Mauritius-related articles

For a list by topic, see list of Mauritius-related topicsThe following is an index of Mauritius-related topics by alphabetical order.

Leader of the Opposition (Mauritius)

The Leader of the Opposition (French: Leader de l'opposition) of the Republic of Mauritius is the Member of Parliament who leads the Opposition party in the National Assembly. This office is a constitutional one guaranteed by the laws of the country. The current office holder becomes automatically 7th in the order of precedence. The current Leader of the Opposition is Xavier-Luc Duval who was appointed by President Ameenah Gurib on December 20, 2016.

List of Mauritius-related topics

This is a partial list of topics related to Mauritius.

Mauritian passport

Mauritian passports are issued to citizens of Mauritius for travel outside the country. As of 2007, Mauritius' Passport and Immigration Office processed an average of 434 passport applications each day.

Military of Mauritius

Mauritius does not have a standing army. All military, police, and security functions are carried out by 10,000 active-duty personnel under the command of the Commissioner of Police. The 8,000-member National Police Force is responsible for domestic law enforcement. The 1,500-member Special Mobile Force (SMF) and the 500-member National Coast Guard are the only two paramilitary units in Mauritius. Both units are composed of police officers on lengthy rotations to those services.

Motherland (anthem)

"Motherland" (French: Mère Patrie) is the national anthem of Mauritius. The music was composed by Philippe Gentil and the lyrics were written by Jean-Georges Prosper. The anthem is short and briefly describes the luscious landscape of Mauritius. It also mentions the qualities of its people: peace, justice, and liberty.

The national anthem is composed in English and was first played during the Independence Day of 12 March 1968. The Labour Party ruled Mauritius from the time of independence in 1968 to 1982. The opposing Mauritian Militant Movement won the 1982 election. The party decided to establish Mauritian Creole as the national language and wanted to sing the national anthem in Creole during the 15th Independence Day on 15 March 1983. The move was sternly opposed by the alliance partners; the party lost power in 1983.

Outline of Mauritius

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mauritius:

Mauritius – sovereign island nation located in the southwest Indian Ocean about 900 kilometres (560 mi) east of Madagascar. In addition to the Island of Mauritius, the republic includes the islands of St. Brandon, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands. Mauritius is part of the Mascarene Islands, with the French island of Réunion 200 km (125 mi) to the southwest and the island of Rodrigues 570 km to the northeast.

Prime Minister of Mauritius

The Prime Minister of Mauritius (French: Premier Ministre de Maurice) is the head of government of Mauritius. He presides over the Cabinet of Ministers which advises the President of the Country and is collectively responsible to the National Assembly for any advice given and for all action done by or under the authority of any Minister in the execution of his office.

The position is the most powerful constitutional office of the Republic. This is mainly because the office is amalgamated with other functions whereby conventions, the office holder is also the Minister of Defense & Home Affairs (which makes the office holder responsible for law & order, internal security, defense, the armed forces and intelligence services), the Leader of the National Assembly (which makes the office holder responsible for setting the agenda for parliament) and Minister for Rodrigues & Dependencies (which makes the office holder responsible for territorial occupancy, administration of local dependencies & their defense). It is also inter-alia, the head of government and presides over the cabinet of Ministers. It is second in the order of precedence just after the president and enjoys relative importance in the public as the office holder is usually the leader of the party/alliance that wins an election.

The current Prime Minister of Mauritius, Pravind Jugnauth, leader of the MSM, was appointed by the President on 23 January 2017 following the resignation of coalition leader Sir Anerood Jugnauth who held the post following victory of his Alliance in the 2014 General Election. The official residence of the Prime Minister during his term in office is the Clarisse House, the Prime Minister's Office is located in Port Louis. The longest serving prime minister is Anerood Jugnauth who held the office for 18 years as Prime Minister.

Queen of Mauritius

Elizabeth II was Queen of Mauritius from 1968 to 1992. Mauritius was a constitutional monarchy with Elizabeth as head of state. The Queen was also the monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. Her constitutional roles in Mauritius were delegated to a Governor-General.

The Parliament of the United Kingdom's Mauritius Independence Act 1968 transformed the British Crown Colony of Mauritius into an independent sovereign state. Unusually, no member of the British royal family attended the independence ceremony on the island because of security concerns. Princess Alexandra was due to attend but after communal violence the British Minister of State for the Commonwealth, Lord Shepherd, advised that her visit be cancelled.

The Queen and her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, visited Mauritius for three days (24–26 March) in 1972, as part of a tour of Asia and Africa. They arrived in Port Louis on the royal yacht Britannia after visiting the Seychelles. They were met by a crowd of nearly a quarter of a million people, and rode through the city in an open-topped car. During the visit, the Queen opened the sixth session of the third Mauritius Parliament. The royal couple left Mauritius for Nairobi by air. It was the first ever visit to the island by a reigning monarch.Mauritius became a republic within the Commonwealth in 1992 with the President of Mauritius replacing the Queen as head of state. To date, Mauritius is the most recent of the Queen's realms to become a republic.

Spouse of the Prime Minister of Mauritius

The Spouse of the Prime Minister of Mauritius is the title of the wife or husband of the Prime Minister of Mauritius. To date it has been held by only 5 women, the current holder is Kobita Jugnauth.

Vice Prime Minister of Mauritius

Vice-Prime Minister of Mauritius (French: Vice-Premier Ministre) is an honorary title usually carried by two incumbent Ministers of the Government of Mauritius, that does not exist separately under the Constitution of Mauritius. There is currently only one Vice-Prime Minister namely Fazila Jeewa-Daureeawoo,who became the country's first female Vice-Prime Minister in November 2017. She is also currently the Minister of Local Government and Outer Islands.

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