Coëtivy Island. NASA Image
Coëtivy Island in the Indian Ocean; the land at bottom left is the northern tip of Madagascar.
|Adjacent bodies of water||Indian Ocean|
|Area||9.33 km2 (3.60 sq mi)|
|Length||9.5 km (5.9 mi)|
|Width||1.5 km (0.93 mi)|
|Coastline||20.4 km (12.68 mi)|
|Highest elevation||21 m (69 ft)|
|Sub-Group||Southern Coral Group|
|Districts||Outer Islands District|
|Largest settlement||Coëtivy (pop. 260)|
|Pop. density||27.9 /km2 (72.3 /sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups||Creole, French, East Africans, Indians.|
It was named after Chevalier de Coëtivy, commander of the Ile de France who first sighted the island in 1771. In 1908 it was transferred from Mauritius to Seychelles. In 1970 the island was purchased by the parastatal Seychelles Marketing Board (SMB). In 1989, SMB began producing shrimp. Coëtivy Island became famous for its shrimp farms (black tiger prawn) and shrimp processing plant that operated on the island. Large scale production began on August 1992. However, in 1998, due to hard financial times, the plant closed. in 2009, the island became the site of an active prison (Ministry of Internal Affairs choice) for low security prisoners and a rehabilitation center for drug abusers. Visitation is strictly controlled and access is only possible by private airplane charter. by 2020, the Prison should be increased to capacity of 600 inmates. by 2020, the island is expected to have more residential apartments
The island has an area of 9.33 km2 (3.60 sq mi), is low and heavily wooded.
The islanders are mostly farmers. They produce vegetables which are sold in markets on Mahé. The main production activities on the island include farming, livestock, charcoal production, salted fish production and coconut processing which include production of copra, pounac and coconut oil.
The island belongs to Outer Islands District. Being an island with a small population, there are not any government buildings or services. For many services, people have to go to Victoria, which is a difficult task.
The inhabitants on the island are engaged in very small scale farming and fishing which are mainly for the island consumption.
The island is known for its rich fish life.