Cloo (stylized as cloo) is a defunct American digital cable television channel with programming originally dedicated to the crime and mystery genres, though it often fell out of this format in its later years with a more generic selection of series and films, and was used as an example of channel drift and superfluous channel bundling, presenting series easily found through other venues. The network was owned and operated by NBCUniversal.
As of February 2015, approximately 25,495,000 American households (21.9% of households with television) have received Cloo, though this declined with later removals by several cable services as carriage agreements expired.
|Launched||January 1, 2006|
|Closed||February 1, 2017)|
|Owned by||NBCUniversal Cable (NBCUniversal)|
|Formerly called||Sleuth (2006–2011)|
Cloo focused on mystery entertainment, with the majority of the channel's programming sourced from fellow Comcast networks such as NBC and USA Network. As of the fall of 2016 the network's schedule was made up mostly of repeats of current USA Network series, and marathons of acquired series from the Law and Order, NCIS and CSI franchises, along with the original MacGyver and House. Films from the NBCUniversal library or acquired as part of USA Network's film rights purchases were also part of the schedule, meaning films such as Enchanted, The 40 Year-Old Virgin and Bee Movie with nothing to do with crimes or mysteries aired on the network.
On August 15, 2011 Cloo was rebranded from its former name of Sleuth, in order for NBCU to be able to trademark and own the name, as the word "clue" itself is too common a name to be trademarkable and the commonness of both "sleuth" and "clue" would not work for search engine optimization. In addition, the different spelling averted any confusion with Hasbro's board game Clue.
On August 10, 2013, Cloo was dropped by Dish Network, which cited that most of the network's rerun-centric programming was duplicative of that available on other NBCUniversal networks, streaming services, and the broadcast Ion Television network. A year later on August 18, 2014, it was removed from Verizon FIOS for the same reason.
Charter's Spectrum services (Charter, Bright House Networks and Time Warner Cable) effectively ended the network's life in February 2017, as with Esquire Network (another Comcast/NBCU network which was discontinued on June 28, 2017), when it refused to continue their carriage of the network within their new carriage agreement with NBCUniversal, removing around 2/3rds of the network's homes (bringing it down to 8.5 million households), and NBCU already had been looking to remove extraneous networks without original programming since the summer of 2016, criteria both Cloo and Esquire fell into. In the end, however, industry media had little to no notice of the closure, and only cable providers learned of its demise in advance on January 31 as of 5:59 a.m. ET from Comcast, due to the small amount of time which passed between Charter's settlement of their new NBCUniversal carriage agreement and the network's closure. Because the network was effectively automated with little to no promotions to maintain, no employees were affected by the network's closure.
The same morning, its social media presences were removed (the network's Facebook had not been updated since September 2015), and the website redirected to the USA Network site without any notice. The network's last programming day consisted of a full-series marathon of Syfy's Continuum, a final sign of its later channel drift. Following the end credits, a slide was shown, with the Cloo logo and the words "GOOD NIGHT!" underneath, along with "Thank you for watching Cloo", the NBC Universal logo, and the name of the satellite that provided Cloo's broadcast (AMC 10, Transponder 7) in between 2 NBC logos, along with the common NBC off-air audio test using the network's trademark chimes, after which the channel space, in use since 1994 as Trio, folded and ceased to exist. The end of Cloo was coincidental with another Comcast announcement that the female-focused Oxygen would switched to a true crime focus the same day within the coming months.
On September 17, 2011 Cloo premiered two original series, which were cancelled after their first seasons.
The channel originally featured crime and mystery programming from NBCUniversal's extensive library of feature films, classic television shows, reality series and documentaries. Programming initially included popular and cult television series like Simon & Simon, Miami Vice, The A-Team, Dragnet (1967–70 and 2003 versions), Knight Rider, The Equalizer, Homicide: Life on the Street, JAG, Profiler, Magnum, P.I., The Rockford Files, The Burning Zone and more recent canceled series like EZ Streets, Karen Sisco, and Deadline, Conviction, and Medical Investigation. Much of this older programming eventually migrated to sister digital subchannel network Cozi TV.
On February 25, 2007, the channel aired a fourteen-hour movie marathon entitled "Chiller On Sleuth" to promote the launch of Chiller, a sister horror and suspense programming that launched four days later on March 1.
In January 2009, all shows from the lineup were removed and replaced with mainly NBCUniversal-produced, USA Network original shows, Monk and In Plain Sight to its lineup, running marathons of each program's episodes. NCIS was added to the channel's lineup, as well as two Canadian series, Da Vinci's Inquest and Cold Squad, which were barter syndication series which were mainly prevalent on low-tier local television stations and digital subchannel networks like RTN. The Law & Order franchise also joined the channel. It also aired another Canadian series, The Eleventh Hour. However, it was renamed Bury the Lead, to differentiate it from the since-canceled CBS series of the same name.
Besides the above-mentioned series and franchises, various other series aired from the NBCUniversal library with rights through USA Network aired on Cloo, along with Walker, Texas Ranger before its 2015 departure to Grit and INSP. In September 2014, the rights to COPS previously held by now-defunct sister network G4 moved over to Cloo until new episode partner Spike (now Paramount Network) took all control of the cable syndication rights of COPS at the start of 2016.
Baron Clwyd, of Abergele in the County of Denbigh, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1919 for the Liberal politician Sir John Roberts, 1st Baronet, who had previously represented Denbighshire West in the House of Commons. He had already been created a Baronet, of Brynwenalt of Kilmaron in the County of Denbigh, in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1908. Lord Clwyd's father John Roberts had earlier been Member of Parliament for Flint from 1878 to 1892. As of 2016 the titles are held by his great-grandson, the fourth Baron, who succeeded his father in 2006.
The title of the barony, Clwyd, is pronounced "Cloo-id".Bonnie Hammer
Bonnie Hammer (born 1950) is an American businesswoman and network executive. As Chairman of NBCUniversal Cable, Hammer oversees the leading cable brands USA, The Sci-Fi Channel, E!, Bravo, Oxygen, Esquire Network, Sprout, TV One, Chiller, Cloo, and Universal HD, as well as production entities Universal Cable Productions and Wilshire Studios.CNBC Awaaz
CNBC Awaaz is an Indian pay television channel, owned by CNBC and TV18 based in New Delhi.Chiller (TV channel)
Chiller was an American cable and satellite television channel that was owned by NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment Group subsidiary of NBCUniversal, all owned by Comcast. The channel specialized in horror, thriller and suspense programming, mainly films.
As of February 2015, 38,820,000 American households (33.4% of households with television) received Chiller.The channel ceased operations on December 31, 2017.Chlorine oxide
Chlorine and oxygen can bond in many ways:
chlorine monoxide, ClO, chlorine(II) oxide
chlorine dioxide, ClO2, chlorine(IV) oxide
chlorine trioxide, ClO3, chlorine(VI) oxide
dichlorine monoxide, Cl2O, chlorine(I) oxide
Three dichlorine dioxides:
ClO dimer, Cl2O2, chlorine(I) peroxide
chloryl chloride, ClO2Cl, chlorine(0,IV) oxide
chlorine chlorite, ClOClO, chlorine(I,III) oxide
dichlorine trioxide, Cl2O3, chlorine(I,V) oxide
dichlorine tetroxide, also known as chlorine perchlorate, ClOClO3, chlorine(I,VII) oxide
dichlorine hexoxide, chloryl perchlorate, Cl2O6, chlorine(V,VII) oxide
dichlorine heptoxide, Cl2O7, chlorine(VII) oxide
chlorine(VII) oxide peroxide, (OClO3)2Several ions are also chlorine oxides:
perchlorate, ClO4−Diva (TV network)
Diva, formerly Diva Universal, is a woman-based entertainment channel owned by Universal Networks International.
The list of Diva channels includes:
Diva (Asia TV channel)
Diva Universal (Philippines) defunct
Diva Universal (Bulgaria) defunct
Diva Universal (Italy) defunct
Diva Universal (Romania) currently
Diva Universal (Russia) defunct
Diva Adria (Serbia/Croatia/Slovenia)E! (Asian TV channel)
E! is a Southeast Asian pay television channel, owned by NBCUniversal. It was officially launched on 14 October 2007 and its programming its centred towards celebrity-focused reality shows.Esquire Network
Esquire Network was an American pay television network that was a 50/50 joint venture between NBCUniversal and the Hearst Corporation. The network carried programs aimed at a metrosexual audience centering on travel, cooking, sports and fashion, along with reruns of popular sitcoms and dramas.Focus Features
Focus Features LLC is an American film production and distribution company, owned by Comcast through Universal Pictures, a division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal. Focus Features distributes independent and foreign films in the United States and internationally.Kaye Elhardt
Kaye Elhardt (August 28, 1935 – September 1, 2004) was an American actress with dozens of television appearances as a glamorous leading lady in a career spanning from 1956 to 1977. She was perhaps best known for her comedic role as "Josephine St. Cloud" (pronounced "San Cloo") opposite James Garner and Jack Kelly in the 1959 "Pappy" episode of Maverick.
Elhardt played Peaches in the 1958 ABC comedy Love That Jill. She also made more than 40 appearances on television series. Among her three guest appearances on Perry Mason with Raymond Burr, she played defendant Ginny Talbot in the 1962 episode, "The Case of the Borrowed Baby." She also was featured on Family Affair; Highway Patrol with Broderick Crawford; Wagon Train with Ward Bond; Sea Hunt with Lloyd Bridges; seven different roles in 77 Sunset Strip with Efrem Zimbalist, Jr.; Bourbon Street Beat with Andrew Duggan, Richard Long, and Van Williams; Bat Masterson with Gene Barry; My Three Sons with Fred MacMurray; Surfside Six with Troy Donahue and Van Williams; Hawaiian Eye with Robert Conrad; Bronco; Yancy Derringer with Jock Mahoney; Colt .45; Philip Marlowe with Philip Carey; and more than a score of others.Movies 24
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NBCUniversal Media, LLC is an American worldwide mass media conglomerate owned by Comcast and headquartered at Rockefeller Plaza's Comcast Building in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It is one of two successor companies to MCA Inc., the other being Vivendi through its subsidiary Universal Music Group.
NBCUniversal is primarily involved in the media and entertainment industry; among its most significant divisions are the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), one of the United States' "Big Three" television networks, and the film studio Universal Pictures. It also has a significant presence in broadcasting through a portfolio of domestic and international properties, including terrestrial and pay television outlets. Via its Universal Parks & Resorts division, NBCUniversal is also the third-largest operator of amusement parks in the world.NBCUniversal was formed in 2004 with the merger of General Electric's NBC with Vivendi Universal's film and television subsidiary Vivendi Universal Entertainment, after GE had acquired 80% of the subsidiary, giving Vivendi a 20% share of the new company. In 2011, Comcast attained 51% and thereby the control of newly reformed NBCUniversal, by purchasing shares from GE, while GE bought out Vivendi. Since 2013, the company is wholly owned by Comcast, which bought GE's ownership stake.NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment Group
NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment Group, formerly NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment & Cable Studios, is the division of NBCUniversal that oversees all of the conglomerate's non-sports cable television channels.Peacock Productions
Peacock Productions is a long-form production unit of NBC News. The division, established on July 15, 2007, produces factual programming such as news specials, documentary specials, and reality series. While some of its productions do air on other NBCUniversal outlets (such as the NBC network and MSNBC), it produces programs for competing broadcasters as well, such as the networks of A&E Networks and Discovery among others. Peacock has served as an incubator for new production technologies that have later been adopted by NBC News, such as tapeless recording.SBS CNBC
SBS CNBC is a 24-hour business news channel in South Korea.Street Patrol
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See Syfy Universal for a list of other Syfy/Sci Fi channels.Syfy formerly known as the Sci Fi Channel. The Syfy in Russia and Kazakhstan is launched on May 30, 2008. It was available on cable and satellite television.
Syfy replaced Sci-fi Channel on April 13, 2010Telemundo Studios
Telemundo Studios, formerly known as Telemondo Television Studios, is a division of NBCUniversal that develops original programming in Spanish.Universal Channel (Japanese TV channel)
Universal Channel was a Japanese television channel.