Clinton, Massachusetts

Clinton is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,606 at the 2010 census.

For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Clinton, please see the article Clinton (CDP), Massachusetts.

Clinton, Massachusetts
Clinton Town Hall
Clinton Town Hall
Official seal of Clinton, Massachusetts

Seal
Nickname(s): 
Clintonville (Original part of Lancaster)
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°25′00″N 71°41′00″W / 42.41667°N 71.68333°WCoordinates: 42°25′00″N 71°41′00″W / 42.41667°N 71.68333°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyWorcester County
Settled1654
Incorporated1850
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Town
   Administrator
Michael J. Ward
 • Board of
   Selectmen
Marc S. Iaccobucci- Chairman
William Connolly Jr.-Vice Chair
David J. Sargent- Clerk
James J. LeBlanc
Michael J. Dziokonski
Area
 • Total7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)
 • Land5.7 sq mi (14.8 km2)
 • Water1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
Elevation
366 ft (112 m)
Population
 (13606)
 • Total13,606 (US CENSUS BUREAU)
 • Density2,387/sq mi (919.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01510
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-14395
GNIS feature ID0618360
Websitewww.clintonma.gov

History

Central Park Foster Fountain
The Central Park Foster Fountain in Central Park.

Clinton was first settled in 1654 as a part of Lancaster. It was officially incorporated as a separate town on March 14, 1850,[1] and named after the DeWitt Clinton Hotel in New York, a favorite place of the town's founders, Erastus Brigham Bigelow and his brother Horatio.[2]

Clinton became an industrialized mill town, using the Nashua River as a source for water power. In 1897, construction began on the Wachusett Dam, culminating in the filling of the Wachusett Reservoir in 1908. This flooded a substantial portion of Clinton and neighboring towns, which had to be relocated. A noteworthy feature of the Boston metropolitan public water service was begun in 1896 in the Wachusett lake reservoir at Clinton. The basin excavated there by ten years of labor, lying 385 ft. above high-tide level of Boston harbor, had a capacity of 63,068,000,000 gallons of water and was the largest municipal reservoir in the world in 1911, yet was only part of a system planned for the service of the greater metropolitan area.[3]

Part of the Central Massachusetts Railroad line abandoned in 1958 includes a tunnel near Clamshell Road.[4][5] Railroads came to the town to serve this industry, including the Boston, Clinton, Fitchburg and New Bedford Railroad (Fitchburg Branch of the Old Colony Railroad), the Central Massachusetts Railroad, and the Worcester, Nashua and Rochester Railroad (the last two later merged into the Boston and Maine Railroad). By 1890, Clinton was noted for its manufacturing of carpets and woven wire.[2]

Clinton claims to have the oldest continuously-used baseball field in the world, Fuller Field, created in 1878.[6] This challenges the claim by London, Ontario, which argues for Labatt Memorial Park, established as Tecumseh Park in 1877.[7] This is disputed by Clinton because the London field has been flooded and rebuilt twice, including a reorientation of the bases, and there is doubt Tecumseh Field was in continuous use after the 1883 flood.[8] Fuller Field has been the home of the Clinton 76ers, a men's semi-professional baseball team as part of the CNEBA. The Sixers have called Clinton, MA their home for more than two decades and continue to be one of the most dominant teams in the area most recently capturing the 2017 CNEBA title.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2), of which 5.7 square miles (15 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), or 21.78%, is water. The Nashua River runs through the town, and the large Wachusett Reservoir lies to the south of the town center.

Clinton is bordered by Lancaster to the north, Bolton to the northeast, Berlin to the east, Boylston to the south, and Sterling to the west.

Demographics

The racial makeup of Clinton Massachusetts is:

71.9% White alone

21.2% Hispanic

3.0% Two or more races

1.7% Other race alone

1.6% Black alone

0.9% Asian alone

0.1% American Indian alone


As of the 2010 census the racial makeup of the town was:

73.7% White alone

19.8% Hispanic

2.5% Two or more races

2.1% Other race alone

1.2% Black alone

1.2% Asian alone

0.2% American Indian alone

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 13,435 people, 5,597 households, and 3,397 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,387 inhabitants per square mile (922/km2). There were 5,844 housing units at an average density of 1,024.7 per square mile (395.6/km2).

The racial makeup of the town was 88.20% White, 2.58% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.95% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 11.60% of the population. Ethnic heritages include Irish, Brazilian, Scottish, German, Québécois, Acadian, Swedish, Italian, Dominican, Puerto Rican, Mexican, Greek, and Polish. Many emigrants from the Louisburgh area of County Mayo settled in the small town in the early 1900s, giving Clinton a large Irish population till this day.

There were 5,597 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $44,740, and the median income for a family was $53,308. Males had a median income of $37,263 versus $30,035 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,764. About 4.9% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those ages 65 or over.

Government

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joe Early Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Katie Toomey (D)
Register of Probate: Stephanie Fattman (R)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Harold Naughton Jr. (D)
State Senator(s): Harriette Chandler (D), Dean Tran (R)
Governor's Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): Niki Tsongas (D-3rd District),
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

Library

The public library in Clinton opened in 1873.[20][21] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Clinton spent 0.99% ($325,383) of its budget on its public library—some $23 per person.[22]

Notable people

Sites of interest

See also

References

  1. ^ History of the Origin of the Town of Clinton, Massachusetts, 1653–1865 by Andrew E. Ford
  2. ^ a b Nason and Varney's Massachusetts Gazetteer, 1890, pp. 241–242
  3. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Boston, the capital of the state of Massachusetts, U.S.A." . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ http://newenglandoddities.com/2008/05/19/tunnel-vision/#more-62
  5. ^ http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM5290_Boston_and_Maine_Abandoned_Tunnel_Clinton_MA
  6. ^ Boswell, Randy. "Claim to oldest baseball field 'in limbo'", Saskatoon Star Phoenix (from Canwest news wire), 6 October 2008, p.B5.
  7. ^ "Parks and Recreation Newsletter" (PDF). City of London. June 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-03. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
  8. ^ Boswell, p.B5.
  9. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  10. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  17. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  20. ^ C. B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891.
  21. ^ Bigelow Free Public Library Retrieved 2010-11-10
  22. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports Archived 2012-01-23 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2010-08-04
  23. ^ a b Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.

External links

Agnes Moorehead

Agnes Robertson Moorehead (December 6, 1900 – April 30, 1974) was an American actress whose 41-year career included work in radio, stage, film, and television. She is best known for her role as Endora on the television series Bewitched, but she also has notable roles in films, including Citizen Kane, The Magnificent Ambersons, Dark Passage, All That Heaven Allows, Show Boat, and Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte.

Moorehead rarely played lead roles, but her skill at character development and range earned her one Primetime Emmy Award and two Golden Globe Awards in addition to nominations for four Academy Awards and six Emmy Awards. She was the first woman to host the Oscars ceremony. Her transition to television won acclaim for drama and comedy. She could play many different types, but often portrayed haughty, arrogant characters.

Barbara McNamara

Barbara A. McNamara (born circa 1942) was the NSA's Deputy Director from October 1997 until June 2000. She was succeeded by William B. Black, Jr..

Bolton Airport

Bolton Airport was an airfield operational in the mid-20th century in Clinton, Massachusetts.

Carroll Gibbons

Carroll Richard Gibbons (January 4, 1903 – May 10, 1954) was an American-born pianist, bandleader and popular composer who made his career primarily in England during the British dance band era.

Cemetery Island (Massachusetts)

Cemetery Island is a heavily forested island located in the Wachusett Reservoir in Clinton, Massachusetts. The island's name came from its being part of an old burial ground that was flooded by the creation of the reservoir; 3,816 bodies were removed and reinterred in St. John’s Cemetery in Lancaster, Massachusetts.

Clarence Brown

Clarence Leon Brown (May 10, 1890 – August 17, 1987) was an American film director.

Clinton (CDP), Massachusetts

Clinton is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Clinton in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,389 at the 2010 census.

Clinton High School (Massachusetts)

Clinton Senior High School, is a secondary school located at 200 West Boylston St., in Clinton, Massachusetts, United States.

Edward Aloysius Kenney

Edward Aloysius Kenney (August 11, 1884 – January 27, 1938) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey.

Fred J. Douglas

Fred James Douglas (September 14, 1869 – January 1, 1949) was a United States Representative from New York. Born in Clinton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, he moved with his parents to Little Falls, New York in 1874. He attended the public schools and was graduated from the medical department of Dartmouth College in 1895. He moved to Utica the same year and commenced the practice of medicine. He was a member of the board of education of Utica from 1910 to 1920 and was Mayor of Utica from 1922 to 1924. In 1928 and 1929 he was commissioner of public safety of Utica, and in 1934, he was an unsuccessful candidate for Lieutenant Governor of New York.

Douglas was elected as a Republican to the 75th and to the three succeeding Congresses, holding office from January 3, 1937 to January 3, 1945. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1944 and resumed his former profession as a surgeon. In 1949, he died in Utica; interment was in Mount Olivet Cemetery, Whitesboro.

Harold Naughton Jr.

Harold "Hank" P. Naughton Jr. is an American politician. He is a state legislator who has served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives since 1995. He was born in Worcester, MA on July 4, 1960 and grew up in Clinton, MA, where he still resides with his wife, Ellen, and four children. He is a member of the Democratic Party.

Naughton is a Major in the Army Reserves. He has served as an Army JAG in both Iraq and Afghanistan where he saw combat. He has been awarded the Combat Action Badge, among other military awards.On October 24, 2013, Naughton announced his candidacy for Attorney General of Massachusetts. He dropped out of the race in March 2014 and ran for reelection to the House instead.

James G. Donovan

James George Donovan (December 15, 1898 – April 6, 1987) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.

Jimmy Ryan (baseball)

James Edward Ryan (February 11, 1863 – October 29, 1923), nicknamed "Pony", was an American center fielder in Major League Baseball who played eighteen seasons between 1885 and 1903, primarily for the Chicago White Stockings/Colts/Orphans (1885–89, 1891–1900). He held the major league record for career assists by an outfielder (375) from 1900 to 1924.

A native of Clinton, Massachusetts, Ryan enjoyed his best season in 1888, leading the National League (NL) in home runs (16), hits (182), doubles (33), total bases (283) and slugging percentage (.515), and also was second in batting average (.332), runs (115) and extra base hits (59). In that season, he also hit for the cycle on July 28. Ryan also appeared in that game as a pitcher, becoming the only player in major league history to hit for the cycle and pitch in the same game. The White Stockings beat the Detroit Wolverines 21–17.

Ryan switched to the Chicago Pirates in 1890, the only season of the Players' League, and ended his career with the Washington Senators (1902–03) in the American League. In 1900, his final season in Chicago, he broke Tom Brown's record of 348 career assists by an outfielder; Tris Speaker broke his record in 1924. Ryan was a .308 career hitter with 118 home runs and 1093 runs batted in in 2012 games. As a pitcher, he compiled a 6–1 record with 43 strikeouts and a 3.62 Earned run average in 117 innings.

On the tough side, Ryan was one of the few players to punch a reporter at least twice. After his first episode, in 1887, Charlie Seymour of the Chicago Herald wrote, "Ryan slugged the magnificent Chicago reporter in Pittsburg [sic] (Pittsburg was spelled without the H in the 19th century) the other day." In the other, in 1892, he took exception to George Beachel of the Chicago Daily News. In the clubhouse after a game, Ryan "picked a quarrel with [Beachel], and then attacked him, using him up pretty badly. No arrests have been made." In 1896, he punched a train conductor after losing his place and his teammates had gone to bed. A conductor who intervened was "called down by Mr. Ryan, who got in one upper cut before [his longtime-captain manager Cap] Anson stopped the fun", wrote Tim Murnane of the Boston Globe.Ryan, in an article under his byline in 1905, advised against baseball as a profession, because few players last long enough in the big leagues to make money: "Baseball is not a permanent business. Look in the newspapers and you will see that a baseball player 35 years of age is considered an old man."

Ryan died in Chicago at age 60.

Joseph E. Casey

Joseph Edward Casey (December 27, 1898 – September 1, 1980) was a United States Representative from Massachusetts. Born in Clinton, he attended the public schools, served as a private in the United States Army at Fort Lee, Virginia in 1918, and graduated from the Boston University School of Law in 1920. He was admitted to the bar that year and commenced practice in Clinton. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1924, 1932, 1936, 1940, and 1944, and was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fourth and to the three succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1935 to January 3, 1943). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1942 to the Seventy-eighth Congress and was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate. He resumed the practice of law in Boston and in Washington, D.C., where he resided until his death. Interment was in Arlington National Cemetery, Section 1, Lot 761-B.

His son is novelist John Casey. His daughter Jane Dudley Casey was the first wife of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, who later became President of Peru. His granddaughter is journalist and writer Alex Kuczynski.

Malachi Kittridge

Malachi Jeddidiah Kittridge [or Kittredge] (October 12, 1869, Clinton, Massachusetts – June 23, 1928, Gary, Indiana) was a catcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago Colts (1890–97), Louisville Colonels (1898–99), Washington Senators (NL) (1899), Boston Beaneaters (1901–03), Washington Senators (AL) (1903–06) and Cleveland Naps (1906). Kittridge batted and threw right-handed.

Kittridge was not a good hitter, but in his career, he was regarded as having one of the best throwing arms. In 1904 he was hired as player-manager of the American League Washington Senators, but he started off horrendously, going 1–16 (.059) before being replaced by Patsy Donovan. The Senators would finish 38–113 that season. He was traded to Cleveland in the middle of the 1906 season, but he would only have five more at-bats for the Naps before retiring from baseball.

Kittridge died in Gary, Indiana at age 58.

Scott Young (ice hockey, born 1967)

Scott Allen Young (born October 1, 1967) is a retired American professional ice hockey right winger and a member of the United States Hockey Hall of Fame. In July 2017 he was named director of player development for the Pittsburgh Penguins.He is a two-time Stanley Cup champion, winning in 1991 with the Pittsburgh Penguins and 1996 with the Colorado Avalanche. He also played with the Hartford Whalers, Mighty Ducks of Anaheim, St. Louis Blues, and Dallas Stars.

Sydney Schanberg

Sydney Hillel Schanberg (January 17, 1934 – July 9, 2016) was an American journalist who was best known for his coverage of the war in Cambodia. He was the recipient of a Pulitzer Prize, two George Polk awards, two Overseas Press Club awards, and the Sigma Delta Chi prize for distinguished journalism. Schanberg was played by Sam Waterston in the 1984 film The Killing Fields based on the experiences of Schanberg and the Cambodian journalist Dith Pran in Cambodia.

Tim Fortugno

Timothy Shawn Fortugno (born April 11, 1962, in Clinton, Massachusetts) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher and current scout, working for the New York Mets as of November 2005.He graduated in 1980 from Uxbridge High School (Uxbridge, Massachusetts). Fortugno is an alumnus of Golden West College and Vanguard University of Southern California.

Signed by the Seattle Mariners as an amateur free agent in 1986, Fortugno would make his major league debut at the age of 30 with the California Angels on July 20, 1992, and appear in his final game on July 26, 1995. His last year in professional baseball was in 1998. He played until he was 36 years old, ultimately, venturing into scouting.

Primarily a relief pitcher during his professional career (1986–1997), his first major league win came in his second start. On July 25, 1992, Fortugno surprised the baseball world by hurling a three-hit shutout against the Detroit Tigers, striking out 12.Fortugno's career totals include 76 games pitched (5 starts), 110.1 innings, a 3-4 record with one save, and an ERA of 5.06. Fortugno was the pitcher who yielded the 3,000th hit of future Hall of Fame member George Brett on September 30, 1992. Shortly after giving up the hit, he picked Brett off at first base.

Wachusett Dam

The Wachusett Dam in Clinton, Massachusetts impounds the Nashua River creating the Wachusett Reservoir. Construction started in 1897 and was completed in 1905. It is part of the Nashua River Watershed.

This dam is part of greater Boston's water system, maintained and controlled by the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA). Its discharge is into the Nashua River. When it was completed in 1905, the Wachusett Reservoir was the largest public water supply reservoir in the world. At that time, the Wachusett Reservoir Dam was the largest gravity dam in the world as well.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18503,113—    
18603,859+24.0%
18705,429+40.7%
18808,029+47.9%
189010,424+29.8%
190013,667+31.1%
191013,075−4.3%
192012,979−0.7%
193012,817−1.2%
194012,440−2.9%
195012,287−1.2%
196012,848+4.6%
197013,383+4.2%
198012,771−4.6%
199013,222+3.5%
200013,435+1.6%
201013,606+1.3%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]
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