Cliff Lee

Clifton Phifer Lee (born August 30, 1978) is an American former professional baseball starting pitcher. Lee played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia Phillies, Seattle Mariners, and Texas Rangers. He stood 6 feet 3 inches (191 cm) and weighed 205 pounds (93 kg), while playing. During his school days, Lee played baseball at Benton High School and attended Meridian Community College and the University of Arkansas before being drafted by the Montreal Expos in the fourth round of the 2000 draft.

After playing with the Expos’ minor-league affiliate Harrisburg Senators, Lee was traded in 2002 to the Cleveland Indians and was first called up to the big leagues later that season. He was traded to the Phillies in 2009, then traded to the Mariners and Rangers, eventually returning to the Phillies as a free agent in 2011. A four-time All-Star, Lee won the American League (AL) Cy Young Award in 2008 as a member of the Indians, after leading the AL in wins and lowest earned run average (ERA).

Lee won his first seven postseason starts. As a Phillie, he went 4-0 in the 2009 postseason, including a complete game in the 2009 World Series against the New York Yankees. The following season, Lee led the Rangers to a shutout win, defeating the Yankees 8-0 in the 2010 ALCS, en route to reaching the 2010 World Series.[1]

Lee threw and batted left-handed and could count on three different fastballs, the four-seam, two-seam, and cutter, in his pitching arsenal. Other pitches at his command included the slider, curveball, and change-up.

Cliff Lee
Cliff Lee on June 10, 2012
Lee with the Phillies in 2012
Born: August 30, 1978 (age 40)
Benton, Arkansas
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
September 15, 2002, for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
July 31, 2014, for the Philadelphia Phillies
MLB statistics
Win–loss record143–91
Earned run average3.52
Career highlights and awards

Professional baseball career


Lee was drafted by the Florida Marlins as the twelfth pick of the eighth round of the 1997 Major League Baseball draft out of Benton High School in his hometown of Benton, Arkansas, but instead chose to attend Meridian Community College in Mississippi. Later, Lee was drafted by the Baltimore Orioles in the twentieth round of the 1998 amateur draft, but opted to attend the University of Arkansas instead.

In the 2000 major league draft, he was chosen in the fourth round by the Montreal Expos and signed in July of that year. In 2002, Lee played for Double-A Harrisburg, and compiled a 7–2 record with a 3.23 ERA in the Eastern League by mid-summer.

Cleveland Indians (2002–09)

Cliff Lee Follows Through
Lee pitching for the Cleveland Indians on April 18, 2008.

In June 2002, the Expos traded Lee (along with Brandon Phillips, Lee Stevens, and Grady Sizemore) to the Cleveland Indians in exchange for Bartolo Colón and Tim Drew.[2]

Following the trade, Lee pitched seven games with the Akron Aeros before he went to the Buffalo Bisons. He compiled a 3–2 record with the Bisons before going to the Indians in September of that season. Lee made his major league debut in a start against the Minnesota Twins on September 15, 2002, giving up a lone run in 5.1 innings, resulting in a loss due to lack of run support.[3] He pitched once more that season, giving up one run in five innings against the Kansas City Royals, resulting in a no decision for Lee but a loss for the team.[4]

Lee won at least fourteen games in each of his first three full seasons and pitched more than 200 innings in both 2005 and 2006. He finished the 2005 season with an 18–5 record and a 3.79 ERA, earning him fourth place in the AL Cy Young Award voting that year.[5] In 2006, the Indians gave him a midseason 3-year $14 million contract extension.[6]

2007 season

In 2007, Lee suffered a groin strain during a spring training start, forcing him to begin the regular season on the disabled list. He returned to the Indians' pitching rotation in May, but got only a 4–9 record and a 5.38 ERA in his first 16 starts. On July 21, Lee hit Texas Rangers' right fielder Sammy Sosa in the head with a pitch on the night when the Rangers were honoring Sosa for hitting his 600th home run. The incident sparked an altercation between Lee and Indians' catcher Víctor Martínez and led to a players-only meeting immediately after the game.[7] Lee encountered more problems on July 26, 2007, when he gave up seven runs in four innings against the Boston Red Sox. When he left the game, the fans booed him and he tipped his cap to the fans before he entered the dugout. The next day, on July 27, Lee was optioned to Triple-A Buffalo Bisons.[8] He was called back up on September 1 when rosters expanded, but only appeared in four games, all out of the bullpen.

2008 season

In 2008, Lee had a career year. Despite the Indians playing with a .500 winning percentage for the season, Lee started the 2008 season with much success. Lee was one of only eight pitchers since 1920 to win 19 or more of his first 21 games. He was the first Cleveland pitcher to win his first six starts since Greg Swindell in 1988. He also recorded his first career shutout on April 25, 2008, against the Kansas City Royals, allowing just three hits and no walks.[9] He had the lowest On-base percentage since 1909, having only a .163 percentage through five starts. For his efforts and success, he was named the American League Pitcher of the Month for April, when he went 5–0 with a 0.96 ERA.[10] Lee was picked to his first All-Star game in 2008, and was also selected to start the game. Lee pitched two scoreless innings for the American League team, striking out three batters and giving up only a Chipper Jones base hit.[11]

Cliff Lee - Rubenstein - 2008 All Star Game Red Carpet Parade
Lee at the 2008 All-Star Game parade

On August 26, Lee won his 19th game of the season, yielding only two runs to the Detroit Tigers.[12] This victory set a new career high for Lee, outdoing his previous mark of 18 wins during the 2005 season. On September 1, Lee won his 20th game of the season, where he pitched a shutout. He was the first Indian to earn 20 wins since Gaylord Perry in 1974.[13] In August, Lee was named American League Pitcher of the Month for the second time in the 2008 season. He went 5–0 with a 1.86 ERA in the month. On September 12, Lee won his 22nd game, making his record 22–2 for the season. This was the first time a pitcher had gone 20 wins over .500 since Bob Welch in 1990.[14] Lee ended the year with a 22–3 record, a 2.54 ERA, and 170 strikeouts. He started 31 games, completed four, and had two shutouts. He pitched a total of 223⅓ innings. Lee was the American League champion for both wins and ERA in the 2008 season.

Lee's 2008 winning percentage of 88% was the twelfth best of all time, and the fourth best by a pitcher starting a minimum of 30 games, behind only Randy Johnson, Ron Guidry, and Lefty Grove. Lee's winning percentage is the second best in the Indians' history, behind Johnny Allen's 93.8% (15 wins, 1 loss, in 24 games) in 1937.

Lee earned several awards following the 2008 season. These included the AL Comeback Player of the Year Award, the Players Choice Award for AL Outstanding Pitcher of the Year, Sporting News Pitcher of the Year Award, Sporting News Comeback Player of the Year Award, and the Warren Spahn Award for best left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. On November 13, 2008, Lee was awarded the AL Cy Young Award.[15] This made Lee the second straight Indian (and third overall) to win the award, following former teammate CC Sabathia, who won it in 2007.

2009 season

On June 14, 2009, Lee pitched a no-hitter into the 8th inning in a game against St. Louis, striking out six and walking two. Lee allowed three hits in a complete-game shutout, improving his record to 4–6 and his ERA to 2.88.

Philadelphia Phillies (2009)

Cliff Lee, philly crop
Lee's debut with the Phillies in 2009

On July 29 (just before the July 31 trading deadline), the Indians traded Lee (along with outfielder Ben Francisco) to the Philadelphia Phillies in exchange for Carlos Carrasco, Jason Donald, Lou Marson, and Jason Knapp.[16]

In his first game with the Philadelphia Phillies, Lee pitched a complete game and took a 5–1 victory. He pitched a no-hitter into the sixth inning and batted two hits, including his first career double and a run scored. Through his first five games with the Phillies, Lee compiled a 5–0 record, 39 strikeouts in 40 innings pitched, and a 0.68 ERA.

2009 World Series

Charlie Manuel named Lee as the starting pitcher for the first game of the World Series. Lee had posted a 2–0 record in the first two rounds of the playoffs. Lee would be pitching against his former Indians teammate CC Sabathia.[1]

Lee pitched a complete game in Game 1 of the 2009 World Series, winning the game 6–1 against the New York Yankees. He allowed no earned runs during this outing.[17][18] He was the first pitcher since Deacon Phillippe of the 1903 World Series to pitch a complete game in the World Series with ten or more strikeouts and no walks. However, Phillippe allowed two earned runs in his start, so Lee was the first to do so without allowing an earned run.[19] In his next start (Game 5), Lee earned another victory, allowing five runs and three walks while striking out three in seven innings. The Phillies won the game 8–6. Despite winning both of his starts, the Phillies lost the series in six games.[1]

Seattle Mariners (2010)

On December 16, 2009, the Phillies traded Lee to the Seattle Mariners in exchange for J. C. Ramírez, Phillippe Aumont and Tyson Gillies.[20][21]

Lee appealed a five-game suspension imposed on him for throwing over the head of Chris Snyder during a spring training game.[22] Both the suspension and the accompanying fine were overturned.[23] Lee made his Mariners debut against the Texas Rangers on April 30, where he earned a no-decision in a 2–0 loss to the Rangers. He earned his first win with the Mariners on May 11, in a 5–1 win against the Baltimore Orioles. Lee pitched three consecutive complete games in June. He was picked to the 2010 AL All-Star team but attended as a Ranger. With the Mariners, Lee went 8–3 with a 2.34 ERA, an 0.945 WHIP, and an 89/6 K/BB ratio. Despite this, the Mariners were struggling, and Lee was placed on the trade market.[24]

Texas Rangers (2010)

Cliff Lee 2010 WS
Lee pitching in Game 5 of the 2010 World Series.

On July 9, after a deal with the New York Yankees failed, Lee was traded to the Texas Rangers along with Mark Lowe in exchange for Justin Smoak and prospects Blake Beavan, Josh Lueke and Matt Lawson.[25]

On August 6, against the Oakland Athletics, Lee earned his 100th career win going eight innings and allowing only one run with seven strikeouts.

Lee pitched Game 1 of the American League Division Series against Tampa Bay on October 6, 2010, the same day that Phillies' pitcher Roy Halladay pitched a no-hitter against the Reds in Game 1 of the National League Division Series. Lee pitched for seven innings. He gave up one run and struck out ten batters. There have been eight post-season pitching performances of at least ten strikeouts and no walks in baseball history, of which Lee has pitched the last four. Two of these were in the 2010 ALDS. In Game 5 of the series, Lee set the ALDS series strikeout record and tied the MLB record with 21 strikeouts. He pitched a complete game, striking out eleven batters and allowing one run, earning a win.

Lee continued his postseason mastery into the 2010 ALCS, when he allowed just two hits while striking out thirteen New York Yankees at Yankee Stadium in an 8–0 Texas victory in Game 3.[26] Lee has also become the first person to pitch three 10-plus strikeout games in one post-season.[27]

However, facing the San Francisco Giants' Tim Lincecum in the 2010 World Series, Lee gave up seven runs (six earned) and did not make it through five innings. The Rangers lost the game 11–7.[28] Lee faced Lincecum once again in Game 5 of the World Series with the Giants having a 3–1 series advantage. He gave up a three-run home run to Édgar Rentería, which resulted in a 3–1 loss and the Giants winning the series.[29]

Return to Phillies (2011–2014)

2011 season

Cliff Lee (7356074946)
Lee returned to the Phillies on a five-year contract in 2010

On December 15, 2010, Lee signed a five-year and $120 million free-agent contract with the Phillies. The contract also included a vesting option for a sixth year.[30][31] He joined a pitching rotation consisting of Roy Halladay, Roy Oswalt, Cole Hamels and Joe Blanton. Commentators called it one of the best rotations ever assembled.[32][33][34][35] Halladay, Oswalt, Lee, and Hamels were dubbed the 'Phantastic Phour' by fans and the media.[34] In returning to the Phillies (despite the higher salary offered to him by the Yankees), Lee mentioned the chance to win a World Series ring, the strength of the staff, the chance to throw to a pitcher instead of a designated hitter in the National League, the regular sellouts, and the passion of the fans. He said "I never wanted to leave in the first place".[30]

In Lee's first game back with the Phillies on April 2, 2011, he pitched seven innings, allowing four hits and three runs, while striking out eleven and walking none. On May 6, in a game against the Atlanta Braves, he struck out a career-high 16 batters, allowing three runs in a 5–0 Philadelphia loss.[36] On June 28, Lee pitched a third consecutive complete game shutout in a 5–0 victory over the Boston Red Sox.[37] Lee was awarded the National League Pitcher of the Month award for June 2011. Lee went 5–0 and had a 0.21 ERA. Lee pitched three consecutive shutouts and 34 scoreless innings. By the end of the month, he had also personally outscored teams he opposed (he scored two runs in the month while only allowing one run).[38]

On July 9, Lee hit his first major league home run against Tommy Hanson of the Braves after a ten-pitch at-bat. Although the Phillies lost the game 4–1, it was the first home run by a Phillies pitcher since Chan Ho Park in April 2009. Lee then went on to hit his second major league home run on August 9 against Ted Lilly of the Los Angeles Dodgers. In the same game, Lee also recorded his 17th career double-digit strikeout game, resulting in a 2–1 Phillies win. [39]

On September 26, 2011, Lee was the winning pitcher in a 4–2 game against the Braves. He pitched six innings, gave up five hits and two runs, struck out six, and walked none. He finished up the regular season with a 17–8 record, but more significantly helped the Phillies to a 100-win season. It marks the third time in franchise history that the Phillies have won 100 or more games in a season.[40] He also led the MLB in shutouts with six, the most shutouts for any major league starter since Tim Belcher, who pitched eight shutouts in 1989 for the Dodgers.

In the postseason, despite having the best regular season for a second year and again tipped to win the World Series, the Phillies were eliminated by the St. Louis Cardinals in the NLDS. Lee started Game 2 where he surrendered five runs, as the Cardinals made a comeback from a 4-0 deficit to win 5-4. The Cardinals eventually defeated Lee's former team, the Texas Rangers, in seven games to win the World Series.

2012 season

Flickr - Official U.S. Navy Imagery - A Sailor poses with Philadelphia Phillies pitcher, Cliff Lee before the 5th Annual Military Appreciation game at Citi Field during Fleet Week New York 2012.
Lee before Military Appreciation game at Citi Field during Fleet Week.

Lee received poor run support throughout the entire 2012 season; particularly the first half. On April 18, in a game against the San Francisco Giants, Lee pitched ten shutout innings, but the Phillies eventually lost the game. On April 21, Lee was placed on the disabled list with an oblique strain. Despite pitching well throughout the spring, Lee didn't earn any wins until July 4 in a game against the New York Mets. He pitched eight innings, allowing two runs while striking out nine, resulting in a 9-2 road victory. Lee's streak of thirteen starts without any wins was the longest of any former Cy Young Award winner since Greg Maddux in 2008.[41] On September 17, Lee recorded his 1,500th career strikeout in a game against the New York Mets.[42] He finished the season 6-9, despite an ERA of 3.16 (which was below his career average) and the lowest walks per nine innings rate in the National League at 1.2.

2013 season

Lee started the 2013 season as the Phillies' third starter. In his first start against the Braves, he pitched eight scoreless innings and earned a win with a 2-0 Phillies' victory.[43] Lee was voted along with Domonic Brown to play in the 2013 MLB All-Star Game. He finished the season with a record of 14-8, an ERA of 2.87, 222 strikeouts, and a 1.3 BB/9 rate, which was, once again, amongst the best in the National League.

2014 season

After Cole Hamels was sidelined with an injury, Lee was named the Phillies' opening day starter, starting against the Texas Rangers.[44] He pitched five innings and earned a win, despite allowing eight runs. Lee was placed on the disabled list in May for a left elbow strain. He began to pitch again on June 10.[45] He was removed from the disabled list on July 21, only to come out of a game early on July 31, once again experiencing elbow discomfort. Lee made 13 starts in 2014 going 4-5 with a 3.65 ERA.

2015 season

On March 16, 2015, Lee was placed on the 60-day disabled list to start the 2015 season due to a left common flexor tendon tear, and missed the 2015 season. After the season, the Phillies declined his $27.5 million option, paying him a $12.5 million buyout and making him a free agent.[46]

2016 season

On February 23, 2016, Lee's agent Darek Braunecker told Fox Sports that a return to pitching for Lee would take "a perfect situation", indicating that the offer he wanted was not forthcoming.[47]

Pitching style

Lee's repertoire included two fastballs (four-seam, two-seam) that reached 90-93 mph, an 85-88 mph cut fastball, an occasional slider, as well as a circle changeup and a curveball.[48]

Lee usually appeared stoic and confident on the mound. It was considered one of his greatest attributes when pitching in pressure situations.[49]

Personal life

Lee and his wife, Kristen, have a son, Jaxon, and a daughter, Maci. Jaxon was diagnosed with leukemia at the age of four months, but after undergoing treatments, is currently in remission.[50] The family now lives in Lee's home state, Arkansas.[51]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Stark, Jayson. "Lee takes over Yankee Stadium". ESPN. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
  2. ^ "Indians deal Colon for Stevens, prospects". June 28, 2002. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  3. ^ Withers, Tom (September 15, 2002). "Twins wrap up AL Central title". USA Today. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  4. ^ "Tucker's clutch single gives Royals a boost". September 21, 2002. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  5. ^ "COLON 1ST ANGELS' CY YOUNG WINNER IN 41 YEARS". Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). 2005. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  6. ^ "Indians sign Lee to three-year, $14M extension". August 8, 2006. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  7. ^ Hoynes, Paul (July 23, 2007). "Cleveland Indians' meeting called after Cliff Lee, Victor Martinez have altercations". Cleveland Live, Inc. Archived from the original on February 19, 2008. Retrieved July 26, 2007.
  8. ^ "Indians send Cliff Lee down to minors". Cleveland Live, Inc. July 27, 2007. Retrieved July 27, 2007.
  9. ^ Castrovince, Anthony (April 25, 2008). "Lee completely dominant in nightcap". Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  10. ^ Briggs, David (May 3, 2008). "Lee named AL Pitcher of the Month". Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  11. ^ Hoch, Bryan (July 16, 2008). "Night is Young: AL walks off in 15th". Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  12. ^ Castrovince, Anthony (August 26, 2008). "Lee wins No. 19 for Tribe's ninth straight". Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  13. ^ Herrick, Steve (September 1, 2008). "Dominant Lee breaks 20-win mark". Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  14. ^ Gribble, Andrew (September 12, 2008). "Lee wins 22nd as Indians rout Royals Left-hander first hurler to be 20 games above .500 since 1990". Archived from the original on 2012-04-06. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
  15. ^ "Cy Young Award winners". Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  16. ^ Castrovince, Anthony, "Lee, Francisco traded to Phillies: Indians acquire four top prospects in six-player pact" Archived 2012-03-02 at the Wayback Machine, July 29, 2009. Cleveland Indians official website; MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  17. ^ World Series Game 1 Final: Phillies 6, Yankees 1 The New York Times
  18. ^ Game 1 Recap –, ESPN, October 29, 2009.
  19. ^ Retrosheet Boxscore: Pittsburgh Pirates 7, Boston Americans 3, Retrosheet, October 29, 2009.
  20. ^ Mariners finalize deal with Phils for Lee
  21. ^ Baker, Geoff (December 16, 2009). "It's a done deal — Mariners acquire Cliff Lee". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  22. ^ "Yahoo! Sports – Sports News, Scores, Rumors, Fantasy Games, and more". Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  23. ^ Doug Miller (April 20, 2010). "MLB rescinds Lee's suspension | News". Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ T.R. Sullivan (June 29, 2010). "Rangers acquire Lee from Mariners | News". Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  26. ^ Evan Grant (October 18, 2010). "Rangers 8, Yankees 0: Cliff Lee dominates Yankees; more baseball to be played in Arlington". Archived from the original on October 20, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  27. ^ Koster, Kyle; (October 19, 2010). "Not breaking: Cliff Lee is really, really good;". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 23, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  28. ^ "Rangers get shellacked in Series debut". October 27, 2010. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  29. ^ "Rangers' title dreams dashed by Lincecum". Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  30. ^ a b Longman, Jere (December 16, 2010). "Lee Returns, Saying He 'Never Wanted to Leave'". The New York Times. p. B13.
  31. ^ Vecsey, George (February 27, 2011). "Tosses and Turns of Yankees-Phillies". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012.
  32. ^ Divish, Ryan (March 28, 2011). "Cole Hamels, Roy Oswalt, Roy Halladay, Joe Blanton, Cliff Lee". The News Tribune. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  33. ^ Corcoran, Cliff (September 21, 2011). "Phillies' much-hyped rotation even better than expected". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  34. ^ a b "Phillies' "Phantastic Phour" rotation arrives". WTSP. February 14, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  35. ^ Stark, Jayson (December 14, 2010). "Measuring Phillies' rotation historically". ESPN. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  36. ^ "Lowe outduels Lee, Braves beat Phillies 5–4". Sports Illustrated. May 6, 2011. Archived from the original on May 10, 2011. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
  37. ^ D.J. Short (June 28, 2011). "Cliff Lee delivers third consecutive complete game shutout". NBC Sports. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  38. ^ Jayson Stark (June 29, 2011). "Cliff Lee put together a historic June". Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  39. ^ Matt Gelbmagelb (August 10, 2011). "Cliff Lee Bashes Second Home Run of Season, Phils Win". Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  40. ^ "Offense keeps clicking; Phils reach 100 wins". MLB. September 26, 2011. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  41. ^ Zack Berman (July 4, 2012). "Phillies' Lee Stops Mets for First Win This Year". The New York Times.
  42. ^ Zolecki, Todd (September 17, 2012). "Cliff makes Mets whiff, has Phils thinking Wild". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  43. ^ "Lee allows 2 hits in 8 scoreless innings as Philadelphia earns 1st victory". The Washington Post. Associated Press. April 4, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
  44. ^ "Cliff Lee gets the start in Phillies season opener". Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  45. ^ Lawrence, Ryan (June 11, 2014). "Cliff Lee plays catch for first time in 3 weeks". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  46. ^ Todd, Jeff (November 3, 2015). "Phillies Decline Club Option on Cliff Lee". Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  47. ^ Rosenthal, Ken (February 23, 2016). "Cliff Lee's Agent Told Fox Sports' Ken Rosenthal". Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  48. ^ FanGraphs Cliff Lee Pitch FX
  49. ^, Cliff Lee Biography, accessed August 19, 2013.
  50. ^ Cliff Lee: Biography and Career Highlights at
  51. ^ Stamm, Dan. "Cliff Lee's Moving Back to Rittenhouse". Retrieved March 27, 2013.

External links

1706 Rittenhouse

1706 Rittenhouse is a private residence in Rittenhouse Square, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is known for being an expensive residential building, with many units costing over $3.9 million.

1921 Philadelphia Phillies season

The following lists the events of the 1921 Philadelphia Phillies season.

1923 Philadelphia Phillies season

The following lists the events of the 1923 Philadelphia Phillies season.

1925 Cleveland Indians season

The 1925 Cleveland Indians season was a season in American baseball. The team finished sixth in the American League with a record of 70–84, ​27 1⁄2 games behind the Washington Senators.

2009 World Series

The 2009 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2009 season. As the 105th edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff contested between the Philadelphia Phillies, champions of the National League (NL) and defending World Series champions, and the New York Yankees, champions of the American League (AL). The Yankees defeated the Phillies, 4 games to 2, winning their 27th World Series championship. The series was played between October 28 and November 4, broadcast on Fox, and watched by an average of roughly 19 million viewers. Due to the start of the season being pushed back by the 2009 World Baseball Classic in March, this was the first World Series regularly scheduled to be played into the month of November. This series was a rematch of the 1950 World Series.

Home field advantage for the Series went to the AL for the eighth straight year as a result of its 4–3 win in the All-Star Game. The Phillies earned their berth into the playoffs by winning the National League East. The Yankees won the American League East to earn their berth, posting the best record in the Major Leagues. The Phillies reached the World Series by defeating the Colorado Rockies in the best-of-five National League Division Series, and the Los Angeles Dodgers in the best-of-seven NL Championship Series (NLCS). The Yankees defeated the Minnesota Twins in the American League Division Series and the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in the AL Championship Series (ALCS) to advance to their first World Series since 2003. As a result of their loss, the Phillies became the first team since the 2001 Yankees to lose the World Series after winning it the previous year.

Cliff Lee pitched a complete game in the Phillies' Game 1 victory, allowing only one unearned run, while Chase Utley hit two home runs. In Game 2, solo home runs by Mark Teixeira and Hideki Matsui helped the Yankees win by a score of 3–1. After a rain delayed start, Game 3 featured more offense, with a combined six home runs and thirteen total runs en route to a Yankee victory. The Yankees won Game 4 by scoring the decisive three runs in the ninth inning after an alert base running play by Johnny Damon. The Phillies avoided elimination with a win in Game 5, aided by Utley's second two–home run game of the series. The Yankees secured their World Series championship with a Game 6 victory in which Matsui hit his third home run of the series. He was named Most Valuable Player (MVP) of the series, making him the first Japanese-born player and the first full-time designated hitter to win the award; Matsui was the series' MVP despite starting only the three games that were played at Yankee Stadium, since the designated hitter position is not used in NL ballparks.

Several records were tied, extended, or broken during this World Series, including team championships (Yankees with 27), career postseason wins (Andy Pettitte with 18), career World Series saves (Mariano Rivera with 11), home runs in a World Series (Utley with five), strikeouts by a hitter in a World Series (Ryan Howard with 13), and runs batted in in a single World Series game (Matsui with six).

2010 Texas Rangers season

The Texas Rangers' 2010 season was the 50th in franchise history. The team, managed by Ron Washington, won their first division title since 1999 and reached the World Series for the first time in only their fourth playoff appearance. Washington would become only the second manager in franchise history to lead the Rangers to the post season and the first to ever win a post season series. They would win the American League pennant by defeating the defending World Series champions, the New York Yankees in six games in the ALCS. In the World Series, they lost to the San Francisco Giants in five games.

The 2010 season showed the results of a 5-year plan implemented by GM Jon Daniels in 2007 with the Mark Teixeira trade. The 2007 trade deadline and the amateur draft a month prior would all be key pieces of the successful Rangers season. Dominant rookie of the year closer Neftalí Feliz, defensive All-Star Elvis Andrus, and platoon outfielder David Murphy were all acquired at the trade deadline, while starting pitcher Tommy Hunter, centerfielder Julio Borbon and first baseman Mitch Moreland were each selected in the June 2007 draft. And trades which resulted in Cliff Lee, Bengie Molina, and Jorge Cantú were each completed with a member of the Rangers 2007 draft class being sent in return.

Mirroring the 2009 revelation of Josh Hamilton getting drunk at a bar in Arizona prior to spring training, the Rangers' team members learned that manager Ron Washington failed an MLB drug test prior to the All-Star game in 2009. Instead of dividing the locker room or casting doubt with the players, the teammates stood behind their manager. "I've got Wash's back. He's my manager", third baseman Michael Young told teammates during a meeting where Washington informed the players of his failed drug test.The pitching staff, looking to be a strength for one of the first times in recent history, would depend on the #3 and 4 starters, C. J. Wilson and Colby Lewis, due to a lack of expected production from Scott Feldman and free agent Rich Harden. Wilson, Lewis, and trade deadline ace Cliff Lee would each finish in the top 20 among American League pitchers in ERA, innings pitched, strikeouts, and WHIP.

A complicated team sale that would end up in bankruptcy court and possibly cost the team president Nolan Ryan and GM Jon Daniels would be an outside threat the team would have to ignore until it was resolved in August.

Thanks to utility infielder Esteban Germán the "claw and antlers" would become an active part of the Rangers in-game celebration. Following a play involving strength a Rangers' player would look to the bench and raise his right arm with fingers outstretched to make a claw. After a play involving speed a player would place his thumbs on each side of his head and outstretch his fingers to make antlers. The fans would embrace the "claws and antlers" and a "claw and antlers" T-shirt, designed by Rangers equipment manager Richard "Hoggy" Price, which would be the top selling MLB T-shirt sold in 2010, selling over 360,000, even though the design was not introduced until after the All-Star game. On the final day of the season fans would participate in a pre-game "claw and antlers" parade.

2010 World Series

The 2010 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2010 season. The 106th edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff played between the American League (AL) champion Texas Rangers and the National League (NL) champion San Francisco Giants; the Giants won the series, four games to one, to secure their first World Series championship since 1954 and their first since relocating to San Francisco from New York City in 1958. The series began on Wednesday, October 27, and ended on Monday, November 1.

In their respective League Championship Series, the Rangers and the Giants eliminated the 2009 World Series teams—the New York Yankees and the Philadelphia Phillies—each in six games. The Rangers' victory in the AL Championship Series gave the franchise its first World Series appearance in its 50-year history, dating from their inauguration as the second Washington Senators club in 1961. Meanwhile, the victory in the NL Championship Series gave the Giants their fourth World Series appearance since moving to San Francisco prior to the 1958 season; their most recent appearance had been in the 2002 World Series, when they lost to the Anaheim Angels in seven games. Coincidentally, the Giants and Rangers faced off in the first regular-season interleague game, on June 12, 1997, at the Ballpark in Arlington; Rangers reliever Darren Oliver, in his first stint with the club, threw the game's first pitch.

The Giants had home-field advantage for the World Series (the first NL champions to since 2001), because the NL won the All-Star Game, 3–1, on July 13. For the second consecutive year, Series games were scheduled for earlier start times in hope of attracting younger viewers. First pitch was just before 8:00 p.m. EDT for most games, with Game 3 starting at 7:00 p.m. EDT as part of a "family night" promotion and Game 4 starting at 8:20 p.m. EDT to accommodate Fox's NFL coverage.San Francisco landmarks, such as Coit Tower, the Ferry Building, and San Francisco City Hall, were illuminated with orange lighting at night during the postseason. An exclusive VIP party was held on the eve of the World Series at the California Academy of Sciences (in Golden Gate Park); most media were not allowed near the event. San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom made a friendly wager with Arlington mayor Robert Cluck, agreeing that "the losing city's mayor will travel to the winning city and join the winning city's mayor in a day of support for local youth and community service initiatives, with both mayors wearing the jersey of the World Series Champion team." With three games slated in Arlington, this marked the 5th time the same city hosted both a World Series game and the upcoming Super Bowl (Los Angeles 1966–67, Minneapolis 1991–92, Atlanta 1999–2000, Tampa 2008–09).

2013 Philadelphia Phillies season

The Philadelphia Phillies 2013 season was the 131st season in the history of the franchise. The Phillies played their first game of the season against the Atlanta Braves on April 1.

2014 Philadelphia Phillies season

The Philadelphia Phillies' 2014 season was the 132nd in the history of the franchise. After a disappointing 2013, the Phillies entered the offseason with a strategy to reload rather than rebuild; they did not want to relinquish the opportunity to do well in 2014 in hopes of being competitive down the road. Commensurate with this strategy, among their key acquisitions were right fielder Marlon Byrd and starting pitcher A. J. Burnett. The Phillies began the season with new coaches (as Ryne Sandberg entered his first season as manager after taking over on an interim basis in August 2013) and new broadcasters; Jamie Moyer and Matt Stairs, two members of the 2008 World Series squad, replaced Chris Wheeler and Gary Matthews as analysts on Comcast SportsNet Philadelphia.

After offseason headlines indicated a tenuous relationship between Sandberg and shortstop Jimmy Rollins and controversy about draft picks who did not sign with the team, the season began auspiciously with an opening-day win; however, the Phillies then lost their next two games. April continued in that fashion; the team played .500 ball in their first 26 games, exceeding expectations. One commentator called them "pleasantly mediocre", despite a horrific performance from the bullpen. May was a frustrating month for the Phillies; failing to win games they were in a position to win, they posted an 11–16 record and a .230 team batting average (the worst in the National League). June was almost as bad; although the team had 12 wins and 17 losses, the bullpen improved to one of the best in the NL. In the 2014 Major League Baseball draft that month the Phillies selected Aaron Nola as their first-round pick, encouraging optimism from fans and the media. Although the Phillies began July at the bottom of the National League East Division, they amassed a five-game winning streak shortly before the All-Star break. This moved them to within nine games of .500, but they lost the last two games and had a 42–53 record at the break.

As the trade deadline approached, it was speculated that the Phillies would surrender older players to obtain younger ones. They made two deals, neither involving key components of the team. In August they had their best month of the season: a 14–13 record, thanks to strong pitching and adequate hitting. Although the Phillies began September with four pitchers combining for a no-hitter, their month deteriorated from there. The squad had an 11–15 record, finishing the season with 73 wins and 89 losses. Significant personnel changes on the field and in the front office were expected during the offseason.

Blake Beavan

Blake William Beavan (born January 17, 1989) is an American former professional baseball pitcher who is currently a youth baseball coach for Dallas Tigers WEST. A first-round draft pick in the 2007 MLB Draft by the Texas Rangers, Beavan was traded to the Seattle Mariners in 2010 in a package of prospects for Cliff Lee. In 2011, he made his Major League Baseball (MLB) debut with the Mariners.

Cleveland Indians award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Cleveland Indians professional baseball team.

Cliff Burton

Clifford Lee Burton (February 10, 1962 – September 27, 1986) was an American musician and songwriter, best known as the bass guitarist for the American band Metallica from December 1982 until his death in September 1986.

Burton joined Metallica in 1982 and performed on the band's first three studio albums: Kill 'Em All, Ride the Lightning and Master of Puppets. He also received a posthumous writing credit for the song "To Live Is to Die" from the band's fourth studio album, ...And Justice for All.

On September 27, 1986, Burton died in a bus accident in Kronoberg County, a rural area of southern Sweden, as Metallica toured in support of the Master of Puppets album. He has been recognized as a very influential musician both during his career and after his death, placing ninth in a 2011 Rolling Stone magazine online reader poll recognizing the greatest bassists of all time. He was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Metallica on April 4, 2009.

Cliff Lee (disambiguation)

Cliff Lee (born 1978) is an American baseball starting pitcher

Cliff Lee may also refer to:

Cliff Lee (outfielder) (1896–1980), Major League Baseball outfielder

Cliff Lee (potter) (born 1951), Taiwanese-American ceramic artist

Cliff Lee (outfielder)

Clifford Walker Lee (August 4, 1896 – August 25, 1980) was an American professional baseball outfielder. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1919 to 1926 for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Cleveland Indians, and Cincinnati Reds.

In 521 games over 8 seasons, Lee compiled a .300 batting average (475-for-1583) with 216 runs, 87 doubles, 28 triples, 38 home runs, 216 RBI, 104 base on balls, 186 strikeouts, .344 on-base percentage and .462 slugging percentage. Defensively, he recorded a .975 fielding percentage.

Cliff Lee (potter)

Cliff Lee (born 1951 in Vienna, Austria) is a ceramic artist. He is known for his meticulously carved and glazed porcelain pots. In particular, he is noted for his celadon, oxblood, imperial yellow and oil spot glazes and for carvings in the shape of cabbages, peaches, and lotus flowers.

Cole Hamels

Colbert Michael Hamels (born December 27, 1983) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Philadelphia Phillies from 2006 to 2015, and the Texas Rangers from 2015 to 2018.

Originally from San Diego, California, Hamels excelled in Rancho Bernardo High School both academically and athletically. The Phillies drafted him out of high school in the first round of the 2002 MLB Draft (17th), and he began his career in the Phillies minor league system. Numerous issues, including an injury sustained in a bar fight as well as other injuries, occurred during his first few minor league seasons. Having reached the Triple-A level, he was the top pitcher in the Phillies' minor league system in 2006.

In May 2006, Hamels made his major league debut for the Phillies. After securing a long-term spot as a member of the Phillies starting rotation in his rookie season, he made large strides in the 2007 Major League Baseball season and won the Phillies' top major league pitcher award. He was the top pitcher on the team entering the 2008 season, and during the Phillies' postseason run, during which they ultimately won the 2008 World Series over the Tampa Bay Rays, he won the World Series Most Valuable Player Award. After the 2008 season, Hamels signed a three-year contract with the Phillies. His statistics declined over the next two seasons, struggling through a tumultuous 2009 campaign and somewhat bouncing back in 2010, however still not approaching his 2008 numbers. Over the next few seasons, Hamels was joined by fellow All-Star pitchers including Roy Halladay, Cliff Lee, and Roy Oswalt and flourished with them, putting up some of his top career seasons before suffering from poor run support in 2013. With the decline of his aging teammates, the team missed the postseason for the next few years, but Hamels remained one of the Phillies' consistent stars. Hamels was traded to the Texas Rangers in 2015, and he subsequently sparked their run to the AL West title that season. He spent parts of four seasons with the Rangers, including an All-Star season in 2016, before being traded to the Cubs in 2018.

Luis García (pitcher)

Luis Amado García (born January 30, 1987), is a Dominican professional baseball relief pitcher for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Philadelphia Phillies.

García was originally signed by the Los Angeles Dodgers organization as an amateur free agent in 2004, at the age of 16. His initial MLB call-up occurred on July 9, 2013. García made his big league debut, the next day, July 10, 2013, versus the Washington Nationals, at Citizens Bank Park. That day, he pitched one scoreless inning, in relief of Phillies ace, Cliff Lee.

García has had two stints playing professional baseball, initially from 2006 to 2010, and from 2013 to the present time. The former stint was with the Dodgers and Nationals organizations, while the latter was with the Phillies organization. During the period in between, García was mostly out of baseball, working in the barbering and moving businesses, save for a brief, rocky 2012 comeback attempt, in independent ball.

Major League Baseball Pitcher of the Month Award

The Pitcher of the Month award is a Major League Baseball award named by each league for each month of the regular season. The National League started recognizing the award in 1975. The American League followed in 1979. Upon the introduction of each league's award, pitchers became ineligible for the (position players') player of the month award.

Philadelphia Phillies annual franchise awards

The Philadelphia Phillies annual franchise awards have been given since 2004 by the Philadelphia chapter of the Baseball Writers' Association of America to four members of the Philadelphia Phillies franchise for "season-ending achievements." The awards were created by Bucks County Courier Times Phillies beat writer Randy Miller, who also served as the chairman of the BBWAA's Philadelphia chapter. Winners receive a glass trophy shaped like home plate. In 2014, a fifth award was added: the Charlie Manuel Award for Service and Passion to Baseball.

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Fausto Carmona (September 2007)
Jon Lester
American League Pitcher of the month
April 2008
August 2008
Succeeded by
Scott Kazmir
Jon Lester
Preceded by
Dan Haren
American League All-Star Game Starting Pitcher
Succeeded by
Roy Halladay
Preceded by
CC Sabathia
Players Choice AL Outstanding Pitcher
Succeeded by
Zack Greinke
Preceded by
Carlos Peña
Players Choice AL Comeback Player of the Year
Succeeded by
Aaron Hill
Preceded by
Grady Sizemore
Cleveland BBWA Player of the Year Award
Succeeded by


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