Cleveland Way

The Cleveland Way is a National Trail in ancient Cleveland in northern England. It runs 110 miles (177 km) between Helmsley and the Brigg at Filey, skirting the North York Moors National Park.

Cleveland Way
Cleveland Way at Live Moor
Live Moor: the waymarked path crosses remote upland moors
Length110 mi (177 km)
LocationNorth Yorkshire, England
DesignationNational Trail
TrailheadsHelmsley, Filey
UseHiking
Elevation
Highest pointUrra Moor, 1,489 ft (454 m)
Lowest pointSea level
Hiking details

History

Development of the Cleveland Way began in the 1930s when the Teesside Ramblers' Association pressed for the creation of a long distance path in the north-east of Yorkshire linking the Hambleton Drove Road, the Cleveland escarpment and footpaths on the Yorkshire coast. Subsequently, in 1953, a formal proposal to create the route was submitted to the North Riding of Yorkshire Council by the National Parks Commission.[1] The trail was officially opened in 1969. It was the second official National Trail to be opened.[2]

Route

The trail can be walked in either direction linking the trailheads of Helmsley (grid reference SE6125183849) and Filey (grid reference TA1155480742) in a horseshoe configuration. The trail is waymarked along its length using the standard National Trail acorn symbol.[3]

The trail falls into two roughly equal sections. The inland section leads west from Helmsley, then north, then east around the west of the North York Moors National Park. It then leaves the National Park near Guisborough to meet the coast at Saltburn. It re-enters the National Park just north of Staithes; the coastal section follows the coast from Saltburn to Whitby, then leaves the National Park for the final time at Cloughton Wyke to reach Scarborough and Filey.

Geology and biology

Flora and fauna

The moorland sections of the trail provide a habitat for species including red grouse, curlews and emperor moth caterpillars. The coastal sections may provide sightings of seabirds such as great cormorants, shags, puffins, guillemots and sea gulls.[4]

Connecting trails

The Cleveland Way connects with various other long distance footpaths. These are listed in order from Helmsley to Filey.

The Ebor Way goes from Ilkley (where it connects with the Dales Way) to Helmsley. The White Rose Walk from Kilburn White Horse to Roseberry Topping crosses the Cleveland Way. The whole coastal section of the Cleveland Way forms part of the North Sea Trail. The route of the White Rose Way follows the same coastal section. The Esk Valley Walk from Castleton ends at Whitby. The Coast to Coast Walk starts or ends at Robin Hood's Bay, and the Lyke Wake Walk crosses the moors from Osmotherley to Ravenscar.

The Tabular Hills Walk, a regional route developed by the North York Moors National Park Authority, links the two southerly ends of the Cleveland Way, enabling walkers to walk the complete perimeter of the North York Moors National Park.

The Yorkshire Wolds Way goes from Filey to Hessle, near Hull, where it connects with the Trans Pennine Trail which forms part of the European walking route E8.

Races

The Hardmoors Race Series features ultramarathons, marathons and shorter races based on the Cleveland Way route. Included in the ultramarathon series are a 110-mile race circumnavigating the entire length of the Cleveland Way, and a 55-mile and 60-mile race which race between Helmsley and Guisborough, and Guisborough and Filey respectively in differing directions. There are also longer routes which link up to other trails including the Yorkshire Wolds Way.[5]

Circular walks

Official circular walks along the Cleveland Way include:

References

  1. ^ The Cleveland Way. Bill Cowley. Dalesman Publishing 1969
  2. ^ About this Trail - Cleveland Way - National Trails
  3. ^ Nationaltrail.co.uk
  4. ^ Wildlife - Cleveland Way - National Trails
  5. ^ "Hardmoors Race Series".

External links

Media related to Cleveland Way at Wikimedia Commons

Carlton Bank

Carlton Bank is a hill in the Cleveland Hills, in north-east England. It is located on Carlton Moor in the North York Moors and overlooks the villages of Carlton-in-Cleveland and Faceby. The summit provides extensive views of Teesside including Middlesbrough and Redcar to the north as well as the surrounding moorland. Roseberry Topping can also be clearly seen from the summit in a north-easterly direction. The Cleveland Way National Trail crosses Carlton Bank and is part of Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk.

A gliding club aerodrome was once situated approximately 500 metres (1,640 ft) south of the summit.

Centenary Way

The Centenary Way is a route devised to celebrate the 100th anniversary of North Yorkshire County Council.

It was opened by Chris Brasher in 1989 to mark the Centenary of the governance by County Councils.

The route runs across the Howardian Hills and Yorkshire Wolds via Castle Howard and Wharram Percy, linking York and the Foss Walk with the Yorkshire Wolds Way and Cleveland Way National Trails.

Meeting the Derwent and Foss, the walk combines riverside walks in deep valleys with forest tracks.Part of the route overlaps with the Yorkshire Wolds Way which also ends at Filey along with the Cleveland Way.

Start: SE603522 - York, North Yorkshire

Finish: TA126817 - Filey Brigg, North Yorkshire

Waymark: Letters CW on standard waymarks

Cleveland Hills

The Cleveland Hills are a range of hills on the north-west edge of the North York Moors in North Yorkshire, England, overlooking Cleveland and Teesside. They lie entirely within the boundaries of the North York Moors National Park. Part of the 110-mile (177 km) long Cleveland Way National Trail runs along the hills, and they are also crossed by a section of Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk. The hills, which rise abruptly from the flat Tees Valley to the north, include distinctive landmarks such as the cone-shaped peak of Roseberry Topping, near the village of Great Ayton – childhood home of Captain James Cook.

Coast to Coast Walk

The Coast to Coast Walk is a 182-mile (293 km) unofficial and mostly unsignposted long-distance footpath in Northern England. Devised by Alfred Wainwright, it passes through three contrasting national parks: the Lake District National Park, the Yorkshire Dales National Park, and the North York Moors National Park.

Wainwright recommends that walkers dip their booted feet in the Irish Sea at St Bees and, at the end of the walk, in the North Sea at Robin Hood's Bay.

Cringle Moor

Cringle Moor (also known as Cranimoor), at 432 m (1,417 ft), is the third highest hill in the North York Moors, England, and the highest point west of Clay Bank.

The hill is crossed by the Cleveland Way National Trail and is a part of Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk, which also passes over the neighbouring tops of Cold Moor, Carlton Moor, Live Moor and Hasty Bank — a section of the walk which Alfred Wainwright described as "one of the finest". It is also part of the Lyke Wake Walk.Just to the west of the summit is the burial mound of 'Drake Howe (Howe is an Old Norse word meaning burial mound). This is a Bronze Age burial mound that is now a scheduled ancient monument.

Easby Moor

Easby Moor is a small hill located in the North York Moors national park within the Cleveland Hills, North Yorkshire, England. At the peak, at 324 metres (1,063 ft) above sea level, is a monument to Captain James Cook, who was native to the area. The Cleveland Way runs over the moor. The moor overlooks the villages of Easby and Great Ayton.

England Coast Path

The England Coast Path is a proposed long-distance National Trail which will follow the coastline of England. When complete, it will be 2,795 miles (4,500 kilometres) in length.

The trail is being implemented by Natural England, a non-departmental public body of the UK government responsible for ensuring that England's natural environment is protected and improved. It also has a responsibility to help people enjoy, understand and access the natural environment.In December 2014 the UK Government, encouraged by the success of the Wales Coast Path, announced that more than £5 million of additional funding was being committed over the following 5 years, to ensure that the England Coast Path will be completed by 2020, a decade earlier than would have otherwise been possible. In March 2016 a 58-mile (93 km) stretch from Brean Down to Minehead, which incorporates the West Somerset Coast Path, was opened and designated as part of the England Coast Path.

Gisborough Moor

Gisborough Moor is a moor in England's North York Moors, lying to the south of the town of Guisborough. The summit is a broad flat ridge, with the highest point at the southern end, some 1-mile (1.5 km) south of a trig point. It is crossed by a number of footpaths leading between the Cleveland Way and Commondale and other settlements to the south. Highcliff Nab, near the moor's north-western corner, overlooks Guisborough from the edge of the scarp.

Near to the highest point of the moor is a First World War memorial to two friends who worked on the Gisborough Estate and who left for London in 1914 to join the Grenadier Guards. One died on the Somme in 1916 (his body was never found) and the other died of his wounds in 1920. The memorial is now grade II listed.Gisborough Moor was the location of a Starfish site during the Second World War. A series of tanks were erected on the moor and filled with inflammable liquid. When Luftwaffe bombing attacks were imminent, the liquid was set on fire and quenched so that the steam looked like a burning town or city. This fooled the Germans into harmlessly bombing the moor instead of the nearby industrial town of Middlesbrough, which was just to the north west.

Hasty Bank

Hasty Bank is a hill in the Cleveland Hills range of the North York Moors, in north-east England. The Cleveland Way National Trail crosses Hasty Bank and is part of Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk. The north face of Hasty Bank has heavily eroded, possessing a vertical rocky face sloping steeply down to Broughton Bank. Roseberry Topping can be clearly seen from the summit which offers great views of the Tees Valley.

From the north, Hasty Bank is easily identified in line with Carlton Bank, Cringle Moor, Cold Moor, and Urra Moor which form the more northern facing hills of the range, before sweeping north to become the west facing hills up towards Roseberry Topping.

Helmsley

Helmsley is a market town and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, the town is located at the point where Rye Dale leaves the moorland and joins the flat Vale of Pickering.

It is situated on the River Rye on the A170 road, 14 miles (23 km) east of Thirsk, 13 miles (21 km) west of Pickering and some 24 miles (39 km) due north of York. The southern boundary of the North York Moors National Park passes through Helmsley along the A170 road so that the western part of the town is within the National Park.

The settlement grew around its position at a road junction and river crossing point. Helmsley is a compact town, retaining its medieval layout around its market place with more recent development to the north and south of its main thoroughfare, Bondgate. It is a historic town of considerable architectural character whose centre has been designated as a conservation area. The town is associated with the Earls of Feversham, whose ancestral home Duncombe Park was built overlooking Helmsley Castle. A statue of William Duncombe, 2nd Baron Feversham stands in the town's square.

The town is a popular tourist centre and has won gold medals in the Large Village category of Yorkshire in Bloom for three years. The town square is a meeting place for motorcyclists as it is at the end of the B1257 road from Stokesley, which is a favourite with bikers.

The Cleveland Way National Trail starts at Helmsley, and follows a horseshoe loop around the North York Moors National Park and Yorkshire coast for 110 miles (180 km) to Filey. The remains of Helmsley Castle tower over the town.

Hinderwell

Hinderwell is a village and civil parish in the Scarborough

district of North Yorkshire, England which lies within the North York Moors National Park.

Hinderwell lies about a mile from the coast on the A174 road between the towns of Loftus and Whitby.

It may also be visited by the Cleveland Way National Trail.

Until 1958 the area was served by Staithes and Hinderwell railway stations.

The civil parish of Hinderwell encompasses:

the village of Staithes

the hamlet of Port Mulgrave grid reference NZ794174

the National Trust land called Rosedale Cliffs NZ798174

the hamlet of Runswick Bay NZ806161, a popular beach resort with a lifeboat service operated independently since 1982.

the hamlet of Dalehouse NZ777180According to the 2011 UK census, Hinderwell parish had a population of 1,875,

a decrease on the 2001 UK census figure of 2,013.Footballer Beth Mead, grew up in the village.

National Trails

National Trails are long distance footpaths and bridleways in England and Wales. They are administered by Natural England, a statutory agency of the UK government, and Natural Resources Wales (successor body to the Countryside Council for Wales), a Welsh Government-sponsored body.

National Trails are marked with an acorn symbol along the route.

In Scotland, the equivalent trails are called Scotland's Great Trails and are administered by Scottish Natural Heritage.

Osmotherley, North Yorkshire

Osmotherley is an English village and civil parish, situated in the Hambleton hills in North Yorkshire. The village is the western edge of the North York Moors National Park.Osmotherley is on the route of the 110-mile Cleveland Way National Trail.

Ravenscar, North Yorkshire

Ravenscar is a coastal village in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England. It is within the civil parish of Staintondale and the North York Moors National Park, and is 10 miles (16 km) north of Scarborough.

A National Trail, the 110-mile (180 km) Cleveland Way, passes through Ravenscar, which is also the eastern terminus of the Lyke Wake Walk. The official end of the Walk is at a point where the path meets the coast road.

Runswick Bay

Runswick Bay is a bay in the Scarborough Borough of North Yorkshire, England. It is also the name of a village located on the western edge of the bay (although the village is sometimes shortened to Runswick on UK road signs). It is 5 miles (8 km) north of Whitby, and close to the villages of Ellerby and Hinderwell. It is a popular tourist attraction due to its picturesque cliffside village and Runswick Sands, a white sand beach. It is on the Cleveland Way hiking trail.

Sandsend

Sandsend is a small fishing village, near to Whitby in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England. It forms part of the civil parish of Lythe. It is the birthplace of fishing magnate George Pyman. Originally two villages, Sandsend and East Row, the united Sandsend has a pub and restaurant. A large part of the western side of the village, in The Valley, is still owned by Mulgrave Estate. The Valley is one of the most expensive areas to buy property on the Yorkshire Coast.

Staithes

Staithes is a seaside village in the Scarborough Borough of North Yorkshire, England. Easington and Roxby Becks, two brooks that run into Staithes Beck, form the border between the Borough of Scarborough and Redcar and Cleveland. Formerly one of the many fishing centres in England, Staithes is now largely a tourist destination within the North York Moors National Park.

Urra Moor

Urra Moor is the highest moor in the North York Moors at 1,490 feet (454 m) above sea level, in the national park in North Yorkshire, England. The name is a mix of Old English and Old Norse (horh and haugr) which means The Dirty Hill. The name of Urra Moor applies to the moor as a whole; the summit itself is known as Round Hill.The summit is crowned by a trig point, and a track passes about 110 yards (100 m) to the south of this point. This track forms part of the route of both the Lyke Wake Walk and the Cleveland Way, and also forms the most commonly used route of ascent for Urra Moor. It is only 1.9 miles (3 km) from the car park at Clay Bank to the summit via this route; total ascent is just under 660 feet (200 m).Urra Moor is noted for its prehistoric remains. There are a number of barrows, and several carved rocks, including some cup and ring carvings. Probably the most striking relic is the Face Stone, a carved stone about 3 feet 3 inches (1 m) in height into which has been carved the shape of a face.

Yorkshire Wolds Way

The Yorkshire Wolds Way is a National Trail in Yorkshire, England. It runs 79 miles (127 km) from Hessle to Filey, around the Yorkshire Wolds. At Filey Brigg, it connects with the Cleveland Way, another National Trail.

In 2007 the Yorkshire Wolds Way celebrated the 25th anniversary of its official opening which took place on 2 October 1982.

National Trails
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