Clermont-en-Argonne

Clermont-en-Argonne (formerly Clermont-sur-Meuse) is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

The former towns of Auzéville-en-Argonne, Jubécourt, and Parois were joined to Clermont-en-Argonne in 1973.

Clermont-en-Argonne
The railway station
The railway station
Coat of arms of Clermont-en-Argonne

Coat of arms
Location of Clermont-en-Argonne
Clermont-en-Argonne is located in France
Clermont-en-Argonne
Clermont-en-Argonne
Clermont-en-Argonne is located in Grand Est
Clermont-en-Argonne
Clermont-en-Argonne
Coordinates: 49°06′23″N 5°04′18″E / 49.1064°N 5.0716°ECoordinates: 49°06′23″N 5°04′18″E / 49.1064°N 5.0716°E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMeuse
ArrondissementVerdun
CantonClermont-en-Argonne
IntercommunalityCentre Argonne
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Bernard Villefayot
Area
1
66.94 km2 (25.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
1,522
 • Density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
55117 /55120
Elevation163–303 m (535–994 ft)
(avg. 295 m or 968 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Geography

The town is located along the old road from Paris to Verdun (RN3), which at this point is closely tracked by the A4 autoroute, on the edge of the Forest of Argonne. It is approximately 15 km to the east of Sainte-Menehould.

Clermont's population has declined slightly in the last decade to 1,642 (in 2004), which gives a population density of 24.7 inhabitants per km². The mechanisation of agriculture that took place during the 20th century left this region, which remains overwhelmingly rural, short of employment opportunities: Clermont's economy has tended to suffer from the drift of working age populations to the towns and cities.

History

During the Middle Ages, Clermont was the seat of the County of Clermont-en-Argonne in the Holy Roman Empire. It only became French permanently in 1641. The county was abolished in 1790.

In 1819, Norwich Duff wrote 'Clermont en Argonne is a very small town situated on the side of a hill on top of which there is a telegraph, a small church, and very extensive and fine views'.

The telegraph station was one in line of a semaphore line constructed in the Napoleonic period for the rapid transmission of messages between Paris and Landau; but by 1819 France's eastern frontiers had been much reduced, and the final point of this telegraph line was first Landau and after 1819 Strasbourg. The platform where the Clermont telegraph station stood still exists, as do fine views from it in the direction of Verdun to the east. (A line of trees blocks the former panoramic view to the west.) The telegraph line closed in 1852, the year when the rail road linking Paris to Strasbourg was opened. The Clermont telegraph station was destroyed in or before 1916, when the platform on which it had stood was used as the mounting position for a large gun.

Back in 1819 Norwich Duff also recorded that the town 'is said to have manufacturies of paper and glass, but I did not see any of them. Clermont might easily be fortified'.

At the foot of the hill, Clermont is still a small town, its centre not radically 'improved' during the 20th century. It boasts (at least) one excellent restaurant.

See also

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
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Count of Clermont

In the Middle Ages, there were several different Counts of Clermont ruling different counties.

For the counts of Clermont in the Île-de-France, see Counts of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis.

For the counts of Clermont-Ferrand, see List of rulers of Auvergne.

For the counts of Clermont-sous-Huy, see Counts of Montaigu.

For the counts of Clermont in Lorraine, see County of Clermont-en-Argonne.

For the counts of Clermont (Chirens) in the Dauphiné, see Counts of Clermont-Tonnerre.

County of Clermont-en-Argonne

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Tilda Thamar

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