Claudia Benedikta Roth (born 15 May 1955 in Ulm) is a German Green Party politician. She was one of the two party chairs from 2004 to 2013 and currently serves as one of the vice presidents of the Bundestag.
|Vice President of the Bundestag |
(on proposal of the Alliance90/The Greens group)
|Assumed office |
22 October 2013
|Preceded by||Katrin Göring-Eckardt|
|Leader of the Alliance '90/The Greens|
2 October 2004 – 19 October 2013
|Preceded by||Angelika Beer|
|Succeeded by||Simone Peter|
9 March 2001 – 7 December 2002
Serving with Fritz Kuhn
|Preceded by||Renate Künast|
|Succeeded by||Angelika Beer|
|Federal Commissioner for Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid|
14 March 2003 – 2 October 2004
|Preceded by||Gerd Poppe|
|Succeeded by||Tom Koenigs|
|Member of the Bundestag |
|Assumed office |
22 September 2002
|Constituency||Alliance '90/The Greens List|
27 September 1998 – 21 March 2001
|Constituency||Alliance '90/The Greens List|
|Member of the European Parliament |
15 June 1989 – 27 September 1998
|Constituency||Alliance '90/The Greens List|
|Born||15 May 1955|
Ulm, West Germany
|Political party|| German:|
Alliance 90/The Greens
The Greens–European Free Alliance
|Alma mater||Ludwig Maximilian University |
(did not graduate)
Claudia Roth began her artistic work, which she always regarded as also being political, in the 1970s as a trained artistic director at a theatre in Memmingen. She then worked at the municipal theatre in Dortmund and the Hoffmanns-Comic-Teater, and subsequently became involved as a manageress with the political rock band "Ton Steine Scherben" until 1985, when the band disbanded due to the band's high debt burden.
She came into contact with the Green party on election campaign tours. In 1985, she became press spokesperson for the Green Party's parliamentary group in the Bundestag, despite being a newcomer to this line of work.
Roth served as a member of the new Committee on Civic Liberties and Internal Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Sub-Committee on Human Rights. In addition, she was a member of two committees of inquiry in the European Parliament, namely the Committee of Inquiry into Racism and Xenophobia and the Committee of Inquiry into Links between Organized Crime and Drugs, as well as of the EC-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee.
From 1989 to 1990, Roth briefly served as deputy chairperson of the Green Group in the European Parliament.
In the 1994 European elections, Roth was again elected to the European Parliament as a lead candidate of Alliance 90/The Greens. She was chairperson of the Green Group in the European Parliament until 1998, first alongside co-chairman Alexander Langer (1994-1995) and later Magda Aelvoet (1995-1998). During this second term as an MEP, she was again a member of the European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, the Sub-Committee on Human Rights and the EC-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee, of which she was elected deputy chairperson. She also remained involved with the Committee on Foreign Affairs as a substitute member.
Claudia Roth ended her work as an MEP when she became part of the Alliance 90/The Greens parliamentary group in the Bundestag after the German federal election, 1998. She became a member of the Committee on the Affairs of the European Union and a substitute member of the Committee on Internal Affairs of the German Bundestag. Furthermore, she was elected chairperson of the newly established Committee on Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid.
On 9 March 2001, Roth was elected Federal chairperson of Alliance 90/The Greens at the party conference in Stuttgart and resigned as a Member of the Bundestag at the end of March 2001 as a result. At the same time, she was spokesperson of the Alliance 90/The Greens on women's affairs.
In the 2002 national elections, Roth was elected to the Bundestag as Bavarian lead candidate for Alliance 90/The Greens. Since then, she has been a member of the Bundestag's Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Cultural and Media Affairs. She is also cultural affairs spokesperson for the Alliance 90/The Greens parliamentary group in the Bundestag and chairperson of the German-Turkish Parliamentary Friendship Group.
Between March 2003 and October 2004, in Chancellor Gerhard Schröder’s second cabinet, Roth served as the Federal Government Commissioner for Human Rights Policy and Humanitarian Aid at the Federal Foreign Office.
Roth became federal chairperson of Alliance 90/The Greens again in October 2004 and was re-elected as such several times, most recently in November 2010. In 2012, she failed to become the number one woman in the campaign for the 2013 national elections. After this defeat she was unsure to run again for the position of leader of the party's board. Fellow party member Volker Beck started a support campaign in favour of her in social media networks and called it candystorm. The party members subsequently re-elected Roth with 88.5 percent backing.
Roth served as deputy chairwoman of the German-Iranian Parliamentary Friendship Group between 2005 and 2009 and held the same office in the German-Turkish Friendship Group between 2005 and 2013.
Roth was elected as Vice-President of the German Bundestag on 22 October 2013. In addition, she is a member of the parliament's Council of Elders, which – among other duties – determines daily legislative agenda items and assigning committee chairpersons based on party representation. She also serves as a member of the Committee on Economic Cooperation and Development as well as of the Sub-Committee on Cultural Relations and Education Policy. In addition, she is a member of the Art Advisory Board of the German Bundestag.
In the negotiations to form a coalition government with the Christian Democrats – both the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) – and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) following the 2017 national elections, Roth was part of the 14-member delegation of the Green Party.
Since her time at the European Parliament, Roth has regularly criticized the European Union's "determination to hold Turkey at bay." In 1995, she expressed doubts about Prime Minister Tansu Çiller’s ability to bring about human rights reforms as a condition for a European Union–Turkey Customs Union. In June 2013, Roth was at the surroundings of the Taksim Square when the police intervened to evacuate Gezi Park and was among those affected by the tear gas fired by security officers. Following the victory of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in the 2014 presidential election, she criticized the “dramatic erosion of the democratic system in Turkey.”
In May 2017, Roth canceled a visit of a parliamentary delegation to Turkey where participants had planned to talk to opposition lawmakers, governors and rights groups about that year's constitutional referendum, saying Ankara had refused to give them a security detail.
On Friday 17 March 2006, Roth reported herself to the German police for displaying a crossed-out swastika on multiple demonstrations against Neo-Nazis, and subsequently got the Bundestag to suspend her immunity from prosecution. She intended to show the absurdity of charging anti-fascists with using fascist symbols: "We don't need prosecution of non-violent young people engaging against right-wing extremism."
In 2008, Roth publicly urged incoming U.S. president Barack Obama to "be pushing for the banning of the death penalty, not for upholding it. The death penalty is the biggest blow against human rights and the right to live. He is not in a position to determine whether people live or die, not even in punishing them for the worst crimes!" Speaking in her capacity as leader of the Green Party and underlining the profound divergence in opinion concerning capital punishment in the United States and Western Europe, Roth called the execution of Troy Davis in 2011 “a cynical and inhumane spectacle that occasions mourning and horror.” She has also spoken out against capital punishment on numerous other occasions, including the execution of the LaGrand brothers in 1999 which she attended.
In 2015, Roth responded to critics of her appearance, stating that for her to have the wart on her nose removed would be "surrender to the patriarchal standards of beauty pushed by the oppressive right-wing".
Shortly after the U.S. launched military operations in Afghanistan in October 2001, Roth criticized the use of antipersonnel cluster bombs was "not appropriate". Her statement came a day after some 10,000 people, some of them carrying banners that said "Against repression and war" and "The American way of life is too expensive for our world," turned out in Berlin in a peaceful protest against the bombings. When the members of the Green Party later defied their pacifist roots and voted overwhelmingly in favor of sending German soldiers to Afghanistan as part of NATO-led security mission ISAF, Roth maintained that "[the Greens] are and remain an antiwar party. But I think that under certain circumstances it must be possible to engage militarily in order to stop violence."
As a consequence, Roth has in the past voted in favor of German participation in United Nations peacekeeping missions as well as in United Nations-mandated European Union peacekeeping missions on the African continent, such as in Somalia (2009, 2010), Darfur/Sudan (2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015), South Sudan (2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015), Mali (2014, 2015) and the Central African Republic (2014). In 2013 and 2014, she abstained from the vote on continuing German participation in Operation Atalanta in Somalia, and she voted has against the European Union Training Mission Somalia (2014, 2015 and 2016).
In 2010, Roth publicly called for “more stringent control over and sharper criteria governing arms exports.“ In 2014, she – alongside fellow Green Party parliamentarians Katja Keul and Hans-Christian Ströbele – lodged a complaint before the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, arguing that it was unconstitutional for the government to keep the Bundestag in the dark about planned arms deals because it prevented the parliament from fulfilling its role of keeping the government in check. The court ruled that while the government did not have to disclose information about planned defense exports, it did have an obligation to provide the Bundestag with details, on request, once specific arms deals had been approved. In a 2015 interview with Welt am Sonntag, Roth singled out exports to Saudi Arabia for criticism, calling the country "the top terror exporter in the Middle East" and raising concerns that the country's leaders may turn weapons sold by Germany on their own people.
Roth has met the Dalai Lama several times during her time in parliament and has been a supporter of the Tibet movement. In 2015, Roth addressed the official commemoration of the 56th Tibetan National Uprising day alongside Sikyong Lobsang Sangay in Dharamshala. Alongside Robert Badinter and Karel Schwarzenberg, she became one of the first signers of the 2015 Paris Declaration which calls for European governments to develop a coordinated approach in addressing China’s policies in Tibet.
Roth has been criticized for her positive relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran. Along with fellow lawmakers Günter Gloser, Monika Grütters, Luc Jochimsen and Peter Gauweiler, she travelled to Iran in 2010 to meet with Ali Larijani, Manouchehr Mottaki and others; the trip was heavily criticized by international human rights organizations. In February 2013, she was reprimanded by German media outlets and Iranian dissidents for warmly greeting the Iranian ambassador to Germany, Alireza Sheikhattar, with a high five; Iranian Kurdish dissidents hold Sheikhattar responsible for the murder of Kurds during his tenure as governor of Iran's Kurdistan and West Azerbaijan provinces from 1980 to 1985.
In 2015, Roth again led a German parliamentary delegation for a five-day visit to Tehran, including meetings with Iranian Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani, Deputy Speaker Mohammad-Hassan Aboutorabi Fard, Deputy Foreign Minister Majid Takht-Ravanchi, presidential candidate Mohammad Reza Aref as well as two of President Hassan Rouhani’s deputies namely Shahindokht Molaverdi, the vice president for women's affairs, and Masoumeh Ebtekar, the vice president and chairwoman of the Department of Environment; she was, however, denied a meeting with human rights activist Narges Mohammadi.
Events in the year 1955 in Germany.1994 European Parliament election
The 1994 European Parliamentary Election was a European election held across the 12 European Union member states in June 1994.
This election saw the merge of the European People's Party and European Democrats, an increase in the overall number of seats (567 members were elected to the European Parliament) and a fall in overall turnout to 57%.
The five years which had passed since the previous election had seen enormous political upheavals in Europe. These changes included the end of communism in Europe, German reunification, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Velvet Divorce in Czechoslovakia and the breakup of Yugoslavia. The integration of five former East German states and Berlin into the Federal Republic of Germany had constituted the first physical expansion of the EC since 1986. The end of the Cold War meant three politically neutral states in Europe had begun a process of acceding to the EU that would culminate in the 1995 enlargement of the European Union. The EU itself had assumed its current name through adoption of the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993.Alliance 90/The Greens
Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (German: Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne; [ˈbʏntnɪs ˈnɔʏntsɪç diː ˈgʁyːnən, ˈgʁyːnə]), is a green political party in Germany that formed in 1993 from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany). The party focuses on ecological, economic, and social sustainability. Since January 2018 Annalena Baerbock and Robert Habeck have co-led the party. In the 2017 federal elections the Greens came sixth with 8.9% of the votes and 67 out of 709 seats in the Bundestag.Ayvaz Gökdemir
Ayvaz Gökdemir (1942 in Gaziantep, Turkey – 19 April 2008 in Ankara) was a Turkish politician, deputy for three terms (between 1991–2002) and minister in four governments (between 1993–1996).
He was born in Gaziantep in 1942. He received a teacher's training, after which he attended Ankara University. He pursued his career as a teacher in Kayseri and Ankara, participated in the editing of the Turkish Encyclopedia, was known for his nationalist views, and in 1991, was elected as deputy from the True Path Party, led by Demirel at the time.
In a memorable episode, he caused much controversy and acquired international notoriety in June 1995, when he reacted to the declarations made by three female parliamentarians of the European Parliament on visit to Turkey (Pauline Green, the then leader of the Party of European Socialists, Catherine Lalumière, representing the European Radical Alliance, and Claudia Roth, the chairperson of the Green Group at the time), by qualifying the deputies as "prostitutes coming from Europe".
While some viewed his tone as unbecoming for someone who had reached the position of a minister, others explained it by "a sort of disgust and scepticism towards Europe, constantly present among the Turkish elite" and evaluated it within the frame of the freedom of expression. Among the three parliamentarians, Claudia Roth took judicial action against Gökdemir, who had to pay an indemnity as a consequence of the court's verdict.Candystorm
Candystorm is a loanword used in the German language and is the antonym of shitstorm. Green German MP Volker Beck gave distinction to the term by using it to describe a wave of party support for Claudia Roth's bid for Party leadership on Twitter in late 2012. Roth had just before failed in her bid to be nominated as the party's top candidate in the 2013 federal elections, and was rumored not to be running for re-election as party leader.
Volker Beck called in July 2013 for a "candystorm for Edward Snowden", calling for admission of Snowden under hashtag #snowstorm22.Cem Özdemir
Cem Özdemir (German: [ˌdʒɛm ˈʔœzdɛmiːɐ̯], Turkish: [dʒæm ˈˈzdemiɾ]; born 21 December 1965) is a German politician of the German political party Alliance '90/The Greens.
Between 2008 and 2018, Özdemir served as co-chair of the Green Party, together with Claudia Roth and later Simone Peter. He has been a Member of the German Bundestag since 2013 and he was a Member of the German Bundestag between 1994 and 2002 and of the European Parliament between 2004 and 2009. He was standing as one of the top two Greens candidates for the 2017 German federal election. Since 2018, he has been serving as Chairman of the Committee on Transport.Claudia Roth (paleobiologist)
Claudia Roth is a research scientist in the field of paleobiology. She is associated with Institute of Sciences of Evolution, Lille University of Science and Technology, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France and the Institute of Geosciences-Palaeontology, University of Mainz, Germany. Roth and Legendre have both contributed as a team to the Paleobiology Database, an online closed scientific database.Claudia Roth Pierpont
Claudia Roth Pierpont is a writer and journalist. She has been a contributor to The New Yorker since 1990 and became a staff writer in 2004. Her subjects have included Friedrich Nietzsche, Katharine Hepburn, Mae West, Orson Welles, the Ballets Russes and the Chrysler Building.
A collection of eleven of Pierpont’s New Yorker essays, Passionate Minds: Women Rewriting the World, was published in 2000. Nominated for a National Book Critics Circle Award, the book juxtaposes the lives and works of women writers, including Hannah Arendt, Gertrude Stein, Anaïs Nin, Ayn Rand, Margaret Mitchell and Zora Neale Hurston. Her biography of writer Philip Roth, Roth Unbound: A Writer and His Books, was published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux in October 2013 and has since been translated into several languages. Her book about the Chrysler Building, American Rhapsody: Writers, Musicians, Movie Stars, and One Great Building, was published in 2016.
Pierpont has been the recipient of a Whiting Award, a Guggenheim Fellowship and a fellowship at the Cullman Center for Scholars and Writers of the New York Public Library.
Pierpont lives in New York City. She holds a Ph.D. in Italian Renaissance art history from New York University. She has been a professor of creative journalism at New York University and Columbia University.She is the mother of author Julia Pierpont.Fritz Kuhn
Fritz Kuhn (born 29 June 1955) is a German politician. He was co-chairman of Alliance '90/The Greens, the German Green party, from June 2000 to December 2002. On 21 October 2012 he was elected Mayor of Stuttgart.Gesine Lötzsch
Gesine Lötzsch (German pronunciation: [geˈzinə løːtʃ]; born 7 August 1961) is a German politician of the left-wing party Die Linke ("The Left"). In 2010, with Klaus Ernst, she was elected president of the party.
Born at Berlin-Lichtenberg in what then was East Germany, Lötzsch joined the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in 1984 and continued a member of its successor parties: the SED-PDS (1989–1990), the PDS, (1990–2005), Die Linkspartei.PDS (2005–2007), and from 2007, Die Linke. In 2002, as a candidate of the Party of Democratic Socialism, Lötzsch was elected to the German parliament (the Bundestag) for the constituency Berlin Lichtenberg, which she continues to represent today. For her first term, she and Petra Pau were the only PDS deputies in the chamber.
Lötzsch has been criticized for suggesting that former employees of the Stasi, the secret police of the former East German state, should be allowed to serve in parliaments and governments. The leader of the Alliance '90/The Greens, Claudia Roth, claimed that Gesine Lötzsch wants to "sweep the past under the carpet". Lötzsch's local party group in Berlin-Lichtenberg has invited former Stasi employees and informers to speak on several occasions with her support: for instance, Erich Mielke's immediate deputy, Werner Grossmann, was invited as a speaker. Green member of parliament Wolfgang Wieland criticized her for appearing as a speaker before a revisionist association, the Initiativgemeinschaft zum Schutz der sozialen Rechte (tr. the Community Initiative for the Protection of the Social Rights).Gesine Lötzsch is married to Ronald Lötzsch, who in 2010 was revealed to have been an informer for the Stasi.Green Party faction (Bundestag)
The German Green Party (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) has been present in the German parliament (Bundestag) continuously since March 29, 1983 as a parliamentarian party.Letters of Ayn Rand
Letters of Ayn Rand is a book derived from the letters of novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand, and published in 1995, 13 years after her death. It was edited by Michael Berliner with the approval of Rand's estate.List of Légion d'honneur recipients by name (R)
The following is a list of some notable Légion d'honneur recipients by name. The Légion d'honneur is the highest order of France. A complete, chronological list of the members of the Legion of Honour nominated from the very first ceremony in 1803 to now does not exist. The number is estimated at one million including about 3,000 Grand Cross.
Sitiveni Rabuka (b. 1948) Former Prime Minister of Fiji
Rainier III, Prince of Monaco
Fidel V. Ramos
Axel Rappe (b. 1838)
Satyajit Ray, prominent film maker and artist from India. Mr. Ray was also awarded the Oscar as a Life Time Achievement Award by the Academy of Motion Pictures, USA.
Robert Redford, American actor
Richard Redgrave, British artist and administrator
William Hoey Kearney Redmond
Pierre-Joseph Redouté (1759-1840), French painter.
Gordon Reeves (1912-2003), Major in British Army during World War II, liaison officer on General Koenig's staff in North Africa
Major Gordon Michael Reeves
William Edward Moyses Reilly
Jean Rémy (1899-1955), French colonel, Companion of the Liberation during World War II, Grand Officier of the Légion d'honneur
Géraud Réveilhac (1851-1937), Général de division of World War I, Grand Officier of the Légion d'honneur
Jacqueline de Ribes (b. 1929), French socialite and fashion designer.
Robert C. Richardson, Jr.
Frances "Rusty" Rice (b. 1920), American US Army Nurse in Bastogne, France during the "Bulge" WWII awarded Chevalier December 27, 2014AD
William Thomas Rickard (1828-1905) QMS British Royal Navy Gallantry in Crimea 1854-1856
Edward Vernon Rickenbacker (1890-1973), American captain, U.S. Army Air Service during World War I
René Riffaud (1898-2007), Tunisian veteran of World War I
Frédéric Rimbaud (1814-1878) Captain of Chasseurs, father of the poet, Arthur Rimbaud
Jean-Pierre Rives, captain of the national rugby union team, sculptor
Jeanne Robert, member of the French Resistance
William Roberts (veteran)
Thomas Bilbe Robinson
John D. Rockefeller, Jr.
Pierre Louis Roederer
William Allen Rogers (W.A. Rogers) (1854-1931), American Illustrator (famous for Uncle Sam cartoons in the New York Herald during WWI)
Paul Rohmer (1876-1977) French physician, Officier of the Légion d'honneur
Manfred Rommel (b. 1928), German politician
Charles Rosenthal (1875-1954) Australian World War 1 general
Alphonse James de Rothschild
Alfred de Rothschild
James Mayer de Rothschild
Marie-Hélène de Rothschild
Col. Richard de Roussy de Sales (1905-1994), awarded for his service with the French Rèsistance in WWII.
Alex Rowe (b. 1966) British national serving in the French Foreign Legion
Norman Richard Rudd (b.1922) award De Légion d'honneur in recognition of his military service in the defence of France and French territories. 1939 - 1945
James Earl Rudder
Sir Edward Ruggles-Brise, 1st Baronet
Edward Rydz-ŚmigłyList of anti-nuclear advocates in Germany
This is a list of notable individuals who have publicly expressed reservations about nuclear power, nuclear weapons, and/or nuclear waste disposal in Germany. Many of these people have received the Nuclear-Free Future Award.List of members of the European Parliament for Germany, 1989–94
This is a list of the 81 members of the European Parliament for West Germany in the 1989 to 1994 session.Reinhard Bütikofer
Reinhard Hans Bütikofer (born 26 January 1953) is a German politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Germany. He is a member of the Alliance 90/The Greens, part of the European Green Party. He was from 8 December 2002 till 16 November 2008 party leader, together with Claudia Roth. 10 November 2012 Bütikofer was chosen co-spokesperson for the European Green Party.Serge Legendre
Serge Legendre is a research scientist in the field of paleobiology with the Institute of Paleoenvironment & Paleobiosphere, University of Lyon and Editor-in-Chief of Geobios, a scientific journal published bi-monthly.Ton Steine Scherben
Ton Steine Scherben (German pronunciation: [ˈtoːn ˈʃtaɪnə ˈʃɛːɐ̯bən]) was one of the first and most influential German language rock bands of the 1970s and early 1980s. Well-known for the highly political and emotional lyrics of vocalist Rio Reiser, they became a musical mouthpiece of new left movements, such as the squatting movement, during that time in Germany and their hometown of West Berlin in particular. Today, after the band's demise in 1985, and the death of Rio Reiser in 1996, Ton Steine Scherben have retained a cult following and popularity in the related scenes.
Recently, some of the remaining members have given reunion concerts.