Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle

Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle (French: [klod ʒɔzɛf ʁuʒɛ d(ə) lil]), sometimes spelled de l'Isle or de Lile[3] (10 May 1760 – 26 June 1836), was a French army officer of the French Revolutionary Wars. He is known for writing the words and music of the Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin in 1792, which would later be known as La Marseillaise and become the French national anthem.

Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle
Pils - Rouget de Lisle chantant la Marseillaise
Rouget de Lisle sings la Marseillaise for the first time painted by Isidore Pils (1813–1875)
Born10 May 1760
Lons-le-Saunier, Kingdom of France
Died26 June 1836 (aged 76)
Choisy-le-Roi, Seine-et-Oise, Kingdom of France
Allegiance France
Service/branchFrench Army
Years of service1784–1793
RankCaptain
AwardsChevalier. Légion d'honneur (1831)[1][2]
Other workChant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin La Marseillaise

Early life

Rouget de Lisle was born at Lons-le-Saunier, reputedly on a market day. His parents lived in the neighbouring village of Montaigu.[4] A plaque was placed at the precise spot of his birth and a statue erected in the town's center in 1882. He was the eldest son of Claude Ignace Rouget (5 April 1735 – 6 August 1792) at Orgelet and Jeanne Madeleine Gaillande (2 July 1734 – 20 March 1811).[5]

Career

Rouget de Lisle1
Rouget de Lisle in 1792.

He enlisted into the army as an engineer and attained the rank of captain. A royalist, like his father, he refused to take the oath of allegiance to the new constitution.[1] Rouget de Lisle was cashiered and thrown into prison in 1793, narrowly escaping the guillotine. He was freed during the Thermidorian Reaction and retired to Montague.[1]

La Marseillaise

The song that has immortalized him, La Marseillaise, was composed at Strasbourg, where Rouget de Lisle was garrisoned in April 1792. France had just declared war on Austria, and the mayor of Strasbourg, baron Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich, held a dinner for the officers of the garrison, at which he lamented that France had no national anthem. Rouget de Lisle returned to his quarters and wrote the words in a fit of patriotic excitement. The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on 10 August 1792.[2]

After the war, Rouget de Lisle wrote a few other songs of the same kind as the Marseillaise and in 1825 he published Chants français (French Songs) in which he set to music fifty songs by various authors. His Essais en vers et en prose (Essays in Verse and Prose, 1797) contains the Marseillaise; a prose tale Adelaide et Monville of the sentimental kind; and some occasional poems. He returned to public life after the July Revolution; Louis Philippe awarded him the Legion of Honour.[2]

Death

Rouget de Lisle died in poverty in Choisy-le-Roi, Val de Marne.[6] His ashes were transferred from Choisy-le-Roi cemetery to the Invalides on 14 July 1915, during World War I.[6][7][8]

References

  1. ^ a b c Harry Thurston Peck, Frank Richard Stockton, Nathan Haskell Dole, Julian Hawthorne, Caroline Ticknor, The World's Great Masterpieces. American literary society, 1901, p. 9577.
  2. ^ a b c The New York Times Current History: The European War, Volume 16, 1918. p. 200.
  3. ^ Brian N. Morton, Donald C. Spinelli, Beaumarchais and the American Revolution,Lexington Books, 2003, p. 303. ISBN 9780739104682
  4. ^ Lons, une "petite" ville en lettres capitales at La Terre de chez nous (in French) 10 April 2004. Retrieved 7 August 2013
  5. ^ Family Tree Rouget
  6. ^ a b Norman Davies, Europe: A history p. 718
  7. ^ The Marsellaise. Honouring its author Hawera & Normanby Star 26 October 1915, at National Library of New Zealand
  8. ^ Tribute to Composer The Argus (Australia), 16 July 1915, p.7, at Trove

Further reading

1760 in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

1836 in France

Events from the year 1836 in France.

1836 in music

This article is about music-related events in 1836.

Army of the Rhine (1791–1795)

The Army of the Rhine (Armée du Rhin) was formed in December 1791, for the purpose of bringing the French Revolution to the German states along the Rhine River. During its first year in action (1792), under command of Adam Philippe Custine, the Army of the Rhine participated in several victories, including Mainz, Frankfurt and Speyer. Subsequently, the army underwent several reorganizations and merged with the Army of the Moselle to form the Army of the Rhine and Moselle on 20 April 1795.

Bleu Raeders Drum and Bugle Corps

The Bleu Raeders also known as Regiment Militaire in 1974, were a drum corps based out of New Orleans from 1971-1981.

The Raeders made their DCI Finals debut in their first year of competition (1972). Their performance in the Finals was only the 18th in their history; this remains the quickest ascent ever to a DCI Finals position. They were also the first Southern corps to reach Finals.

In 1974, the organization merged with Stardusters splitting with that group and re-establishing the Raeders name in 1975 only to merge with the Stardusters again in 1981 to become the Louisiana Southernairs. (This name was taken from a New Orleans corps from the 1950s).

Delisle (surname)

Delisle or De Lisle may refer to:

Alexandre-Maurice Delisle (1810–1880), Canadian businessman, political figure

Arthur Delisle (1859–1936), Canadian political figure, author

Charles-Marie-René Leconte de Lisle (1818–1894), French poet of the Parnassian movement

Claude Delisle (1644–1720), French cartographer and royal censor, father of Guillaume (q.v.)

Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle (1760–1836), author of La Marseillaise, the French national anthem

Dan Delisle (b. 1976), Canadian athlete in ice hockey

Esther Delisle (born 1954), Canadian historian

Georges-Isidore Delisle (1856–1920), Canadian political figure

François Delisle (b. 1967), Canadian film producer, actor, musician

Gilles Delisle and Helga Delisle were killed in the Delisle triple murder in 2010

Grey DeLisle (born 1973), U.S. singer & voice actress

Guillaume Delisle (1675–1726), French cartographer

Guy Delisle (born 1966), Canadian comic book author

Heather De Lisle (born 1976), American television presenter, radio correspondent

Jacques Delisle (b. 1935), Canadian lawyer, judge

Jean-Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales (1741–1816), French natural philosopher

Jeanne-Mance Delisle (b. 1941), Canadian writer (some sources list YOB as 1939)

Jeffrey Delisle (b. 1971), Canadian naval officer, implicated in Russian intelligence leaks

John Delisle (1871–1940), Canadian political figure

Jonathan Delisle (1977–2006) Canadian hockey player

Joseph-Nicolas Delisle (1688–1768), French astronomer for whom the lunar features as well as the temperature scale below are named

Leanda de Lisle, British writer and journalist

Léopold Victor Delisle (1826–1910), French historian

Louis Nelson Delisle (1885–1949), U.S. musician in jazz

Margaret Delisle (b. 1946), Canadian political figure

Michael Delisle (b. 1959), Canadian author

Peter Delisle (1934–2014), English athlete in cricket

Raymond Delisle (1943–2013), French athlete in bicycle racing

Roseline Delisle (1952–2003), Canadian ceramic artist

Steven Delisle (b. 1990), Canadian athlete in ice hockey

Vanessa de Lisle, British fashion journalist

Xavier Delisle (b. 1977), Canadian athlete in ice hockey

Several titles "de Lisle" has been held by various Englishmen, see:

Lord Lisle (disambiguation)

Viscount Lisle

Viscount De L'Isle

Baron Lisle

Fontanetto Po

Fontanetto Po is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vercelli in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of Turin and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of Vercelli.

Fontanetto Po borders the following municipalities: Crescentino, Gabiano, Livorno Ferraris, Moncestino, Palazzolo Vercellese, and Trino.

Franz Liszt's treatments of the works of other composers

This article lists the various treatments given by Franz Liszt to the works of almost 100 other composers.

These treatments included transcriptions for other instruments (predominantly solo piano), arrangements, orchestrations, fantaisies, reminiscences, paraphrases, illustrations, variations, and editions.

Liszt also extensively treated his own works in a similar manner, but these are not tallied here—neither are his treatments of national (or "folk") melodies whose composers are unknown, nor other anonymous works.

In most cases, Liszt arranged only one or two pieces by a composer, but he delved more deeply into the works of Bach, Beethoven, Berlioz, Donizetti, Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, Mozart, Rossini, Schubert, Verdi, Wagner, and Weber.

The earliest-born composer whose works Liszt dealt with was Orlande de Lassus (born c. 1532). Jacques Arcadelt was born earlier (c. 1507), but Liszt's treatment was not of Arcadelt's original work, rather of a setting by Pierre-Louis Dietsch loosely based on Arcadelt. The last composer to die whose works Liszt dealt with was Géza Zichy (1849–1924).

Jean-Pierre Jacquillat

Jean-Pierre Jacquillat (13 July 1935 – 6 August 1986) was a French conductor.

Jacquillat was born in Versailles in 1935. He was named assistant to Charles Munch at the Orchestre de Paris in 1967. He was chief conductor of the Iceland Symphony Orchestra. He made a number of recordings, with that orchestra, the Orchestre de Paris, and others. His career was cut short when he died in a car accident in 1986 in France, aged 51.

La Marseillaise

"La Marseillaise" (French pronunciation: ​[la maʁsɛjɛːz]) is the national anthem of France. The song was written in 1792 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg after the declaration of war by France against Austria, and was originally titled "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin" ("War Song for the Rhine Army").

The French National Convention adopted it as the Republic's anthem in 1795. The song acquired its nickname after being sung in Paris by volunteers from Marseille marching to the capital. The song is the first example of the "European march" anthemic style. The anthem's evocative melody and lyrics have led to its widespread use as a song of revolution and its incorporation into many pieces of classical and popular music.

Le Chant des Girondins

Le Chant des Girondins (English: The Song of the Girondists) was the national anthem of the French Second Republic, written for the drama Le Chevalier de Maison-Rouge by the writer Alexandre Dumas with Auguste Maquet. The lines of the refrain were borrowed from "Roland à Roncevaux", a song written in Strasbourg by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle, the author of La Marseillaise.

Les Invalides

Les Invalides (French pronunciation: ​[lezɛ̃valid]), formally the Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), or also as Hôtel des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose. The buildings house the Musée de l'Armée, the military museum of the Army of France, the Musée des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musée d'Histoire Contemporaine, as well as the Dôme des Invalides, a large church, the tallest in Paris at a height of 107 meters, with the tombs of some of France's war heroes, most notably Napoleon.

List of French composers

This is an alphabetical list of composers from France.

List of cultural icons of France

This List of cultural icons of France is a list of links to potential cultural icons of France.

Rouget

Rouget may refer to:

Charles Marie Benjamin Rouget (1824-1904), French physiologist

Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle (1760-1836), French composer

Georges Rouget (1781-1869), French painter

Jean Rouget (1916-unknown), French field hockey player

Jean-Claude Rouget (born 1953), French horse trainer and jockey

Julio José Iglesias Rouget (born 1972), Spanish footballer

Roujet D. Marshall

Roujet (or Rouget) DeLisle Marshall (December 27, 1847 – May 22, 1922) was an American judge who served as a justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court from 1895 to 1918.

He was named after the writer of the French National Anthem, La Marseillaise, Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.

When Harry Met Sally... (soundtrack)

When Harry Met Sally... is the soundtrack to the movie When Harry Met Sally... starring Billy Crystal and Meg Ryan. The songs are performed by pianist Harry Connick Jr., who won the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Male Vocal Performance.

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