Clapham Junction railway station (/ˈklæpəm/) is a major railway station and transport hub near St John's Hill in south-west Battersea in the London Borough of Wandsworth. It is 2 miles 57 chains (2.71 mi; 4.37 km) from London Victoria and 3 miles 74 chains (3.93 mi; 6.32 km) measured from London Waterloo; it is on both the South Western main line and Brighton main line as well as numerous other routes and branch lines passing through or diverging from the main lines at this station. Despite its name, Clapham Junction is not located in Clapham, a district situated approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) to the south-east.
Routes from London's south and south-west termini, Victoria and Waterloo, funnel through the station, making it the busiest in Europe by number of trains using it: between 100 and 180 per hour except for the five hours after midnight. The station is also the busiest UK station for interchanges between services.
South West (Brighton Yard) entrance
Location of Clapham Junction in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Wandsworth|
|Managed by||Network Rail|
|Number of platforms||17|
|Cycle parking||Yes – external|
|Toilet facilities||Yes – behind gateline|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||26.847 million|
|– interchange||28.426 million|
|– interchange||30.449 million|
|– interchange||27.330 million|
|– interchange||29.604 million|
|2 March 1863||Opened|
|Lists of stations|
| London transport portal|
UK Railways portal
Before the railway came, the area was rural and specialised in growing lavender; the street Lavender Hill is east of the station. The coach road from London to Guildford ran slightly south of the future station site, past The Falcon public house at the crossroads in the valley between St. John's Hill and Lavender Hill.
On 21 May 1838 the London and Southampton Railway became the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR), and opened its line from Nine Elms as far as Woking. That was the first railway through the area but it had no station at the present site.
The second line, initially from Nine Elms to Richmond, opened on 27 July 1846. Nine Elms was replaced in 1848 as the terminus by Waterloo Bridge station, now Waterloo. The line to Victoria opened by 1860. Clapham Junction opened on 2 March 1863, a joint venture of the L&SWR, the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) and the West London Extension Railway (WLER) as an interchange station for their lines.
When the station was built, much of Battersea was the site of heavy industry while Clapham, a mile south-east of this point, was fashionable. The railway companies, to attract a middle- and upper-class clientele, seized the unindustrial parish calculating that being upon the slopes of Clapham's plateau would only re-inforce this distinction, leading to a long-lasting misunderstanding that the station is in Clapham. The railway companies were not alone in eschewing the name of Battersea; from the 1880s until the 1950s the imposing private houses forming the streets of the district were commonly recorded by property-owning residents as 'Clapham Common N. Side, London' and 'Clapham Common W. Side, London' despite being well away from those park-side streets.
Additional station buildings were erected in 1874 and 1876.
Whereas the station brought wealthy streets to Battersea its adjoining (entirely modernised) manual railway works and the large Battersea Power Station brought slums, the population of which rose from 6,000 in 1840 to 168,000 by 1910. Battersea's slums unfit for human habitation were entirely replaced with council and charitable housing between 1918 and 1975.
A £39.5 million planning application from Metro Shopping Fund was withdrawn before governmental planning committee consideration on 20 May 2009.[n 1]
A 'Heathrow Airtrack' to reduce the 95-minute journey by tube and Gatwick Express to Gatwick and unite the Great Western Main Line with Heathrow, Gatwick and the South Western Main Line was cancelled in 2011 following improvements to the 2005-built Heathrow Connect track from Hayes and Harlington and practical impediments, such as pressure for continued high-frequency services on the three deemed-'entrenched' semi-fast and slow services between Clapham Junction and Staines. Overground, the change would have been at Clapham Junction.
On the morning of 12 December 1988 two collisions involving three commuter trains occurred slightly south-west of the station due to a defective signal. Thirty-five people died and more than 100 were injured.
On the morning of 16 December 1991, a bomb ripped through tracks on one of the station's platforms, causing major disruption to the rail network. The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) claimed responsibility.
The station is named Clapham Junction because it is at the junction of several rail lines. The name is not given to any rail junction near the station which, without end-on intercompany junctions, are:
Each day about 2,000 trains, over half of them stopping, pass through the station, more than through any other station in Europe. At peak times 180 trains per hour pass through of which 117 stop. It is not the busiest station by number of passengers, most of whom (about 430,000 on a weekday, of which 135,000 are at rush hours) pass through. Interchanges make some 40% of the activity and on that basis too it is the busiest station in the UK.
In 2011 the station had three entrances, all with staffed ticket offices, though only the south-east entrance is open 24 hours a day. The most heavily used of the three, this leads from St John's Hill via a small indoor shopping centre into a subway some 15 ft (4.6 m) wide, that connects to the eastern ends of all platforms.
The north entrance, which has restricted opening hours, leads from Grant Road to the same subway. The subway is crowded during rush hours, with the ticket barriers at the ends being pinch points.
The south-west entrance, also known as the Brighton Yard entrance, as the buildings still bear signage for the London Brighton and South Coast Railway, is of a more traditional appearance, with a Victorian station building set at the back of a large forecourt. This entrance leads to a very wide covered footbridge, which joins the western ends of all platforms. This entrance includes cycle parking and a taxi rank. It was re-opened in May 2011 as part of a wider programme of access improvements that included installing lifts to the platforms.
There are public and disabled toilets at the south-west entrance. There are refreshment kiosks in the subway, on the footbridge and on some platforms; and a small shopping centre, including a small branch of Sainsbury's supermarket, in the south-east entrance.
British Transport Police maintain a neighbourhood policing presence, whereas the Metropolitan Police Service and the part-Transport for London funded Safer Transport Command provides a police presence in the area outside the station.
Overcrowding is most frequent in the often convenient but narrow cross-platform subway. Using this rather than the wide, elegant flying concourse for interchange, a visitors' eyes assessment of fabric and environment listed Clapham Junction in the most needy 10% of Department for Transport category B stations.
The station has 17 platforms, 1 to 17:
Sidings leading into railway sheds at the west of the station are located between platforms 6 and 7.
All South Western Railway services from Waterloo pass through the station, as do Southern and Gatwick Express trains from Victoria. The West London Line and East London Line services of London Overground have Clapham Junction as one of the termini.
The typical off-peak service of more than 120 trains an hour comprises:
During peak hours on weekdays express services on the South Western Main Line and outer suburban services to Alton and Basingstoke typically do not stop at the station.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|London Waterloo||South Western Railway
South Western Main Line
West of England Main Line
|Woking or Basingstoke|
|South Western Railway
Waterloo to Basingstoke
|Wimbledon or Surbiton|
|Vauxhall||South Western Railway
Waterloo to Woking
Mole Valley Line
Kingston Loop via Wimbledon
Hampton Court Branch
New Guildford Line
|South Western Railway
Waterloo to Reading
|Vauxhall||South Western Railway
Waterloo to Reading
|South Western Railway
Kingston Loop via Richmond
Brighton Main Line
West London Route
London Victoria to London Bridge
Victoria to East Croydon
London Victoria to Sutton
via Crystal Palace
|Terminus||South London Line||
towards Clapham Junction
|Terminus||West London Line|
|Proposed Future Development|
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
|Terminus||West London Line||Battersea|
In 2007 the alignment of one of the two variants of Crossrail 2, that via the station rather than Putney and Wimbledon, was safeguarded. The Department for Transport and Transport for London continue to discuss proposal for a Clapham Junction Northern Line extension and its London Underground alignment has been legally reserved through Battersea Park, and would connect Clapham Junction to the London Underground for the first time.
In a Network Rail study it is proposed that platform 0 could reopen for 8-car operations of the West London Line.
The year 1863 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.Banyo railway station
Banyo railway station is located on the Shorncliffe line in Queensland, Australia. It is one of two stations serving the Brisbane suburb of Banyo, the other being Bindha railway station.Battersea
Battersea is a district of south west London, England, within the London Borough of Wandsworth. It is located on the south bank of the River Thames, 2.9 miles (4.7 km) south west of Charing Cross.Battersea Arts Centre
The Battersea Arts Centre ("BAC") is a Grade II* listed building near Clapham Junction railway station in Battersea, in the London Borough of Wandsworth that operates as a performance space specialising in theatre productions. It was formerly Battersea Town Hall. In March 2015, while a major programme of renovation works were underway, the Grand Hall was severely damaged by fire. Approximately 70% of the theatre, including the 200-capacity Council Chamber, the Scratch Bar and the Members Library, was saved from the fire and remains open.Battersea Power Station tube station
Battersea Power Station (previously proposed as Battersea) is a planned London Underground station to be built in Battersea, London, United Kingdom. It is to be served by the Northern line as part of a two-station extension from Kennington to serve the redevelopment of Battersea Power Station. The station will be located on Battersea Park Road. It will serve as the terminus for the new branch, although provision has been made for a possible future extension to Clapham Junction railway station.The station, which was given final approval by the Secretary of State for Transport in November 2014, is projected to open along with Nine Elms station. Construction began in 2015, and was originally scheduled for completion by 2020. Battersea Power Station and Nine Elms stations will be located in Zone 1, making them the London Borough of Wandsworth's first Zone 1 stations. Trains from Battersea Power Station will only run via Charing Cross as the branch will be an extension off the Kennington loop.The station will be designed and built by Ferrovial Agroman Laing O’Rourke. The station will also serve as an out of station interchange with Battersea Park railway station.In the draft edition of the TfL 'Business Plan 2014', issued as part of the TfL Board papers for their meeting on 10 December 2014, the map TfL's Rail Transport Network at 2021 labelled the terminus as "Battersea Power Station", instead of just "Battersea" as had appeared on previous publications.In December 2015 TfL confirmed that the name of the station will be "Battersea Power Station".The station, along with the Nine Elms redevelopment programme, is set to support 25,000 new jobs, while offering 1,000 more jobs during construction. As part of that there will be additional opportunities for apprenticeships and graduate roles.In December 2018 Mayor of London Sadiq Khan announced that the project will be delayed until September 2021 at the latest, reportedly due to the need of "to increase the station's capacity to cope with a higher number of passengers than originally forecast".CLJ
CLJ may refer to:
Commander of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem (Malta)
The IATA code for Cluj-Napoca International Airport, Romania
The National Rail code for Clapham Junction railway station, London, England
The code for Carlton railway station, Sydney, Australia
Hewlett-Packard Color LaserJet printers
The Constitutional Loya Jirga held in Afghanistan in 2003
The Cambridge Law Journal
The Current Law Journal (Malaysia)
The Clojure programming languageClapham Junction
Clapham Junction is an urban locality around Clapham Junction railway station in London, England. Despite its name, it is not located in Clapham, but forms the commercial centre of Battersea.
Clapham Junction was a scene of disturbances during the 2011 London riots.Clapham Junction (disambiguation)
Clapham Junction is an urban locality around Clapham Junction railway station in London, England.
Clapham Junction may also refer to:
Clapham Junction railway station in London, England
Clapham Junction (Malta), a prehistoric site on Malta
Clapham Junction rail crash of 1988, near Clapham Junction railway station
Clapham Junction (film), a 2007 filmClapham Junction rail crash
On the morning of 12 December 1988, a crowded passenger train crashed into the rear of another train that had stopped at a signal just south of Clapham Junction railway station in London, and subsequently sideswiped an empty train travelling in the opposite direction. A total of 35 people were killed in the collision, while 484 were injured.The collision was the result of a signal failure caused by a wiring fault. New wiring had been installed, but the old wiring had been left in place and not adequately secured. An independent inquiry chaired by Anthony Hidden, QC found that the signalling technician responsible had not been told that his working practices were wrong, and his work had not been inspected by an independent person. He had also performed the work during his 13th consecutive seven-day workweek. Hidden was critical of the health and safety culture within British Rail at the time, and his recommendations included ensuring that work was independently inspected and that a senior project manager be made responsible for all aspects of any major, safety-critical project such as re-signalling work.
British Rail was fined £250,000 for violations of health and safety law in connection with the accident.Clapham station
Clapham station may refer to:
Clapham railway station
Clapham Common railway station (station closed in 1863)
Clapham Common tube station
Clapham High Street railway station
Clapham Junction railway station
Clapham North tube station
Clapham South tube station
Clapham railway station, AdelaideEmanuel School
Emanuel School is an independent, co-educational day school in Battersea, south-west London. The school was founded in 1594 by Anne Sackville, Lady Dacre and Queen Elizabeth I and occupies a 12-acre site close to Clapham Junction railway station.
The school is part of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference and at the start of the 2017–18 academic year had 907 pupils between the ages of ten and eighteen, paying fees of £17,997 per year. It teaches the GCSE and A-Level syllabuses.King George VI Reservoir
The King George VI Reservoir in England lies to the south of Stanwellmoor near Stanwell and Heathrow. The reservoir was opened in November 1947 and named after the then reigning monarch King George VI. It is owned by Thames Water.
The reservoir occupies 350 acres (1.4 km2) and holds 3,493 million imperial gallons (15,880,000 m3). Its maximum height above the original ground level is 56 ft (17 m). Like the other Lower Thames reservoirs, it is of traditional earthen dam construction, with a puddled clay core supported by ballast embankments built from materials excavated on site. It is entirely man-made, as the area had no natural topographical features that could be dammed off to create a reservoir. To make inspecting the integrity of the reservoir easier, Thames Water maintains a commercial flock of sheep on the reservoir banks to keep the grass on the reservoir banks close-cropped.The reservoir was completed in 1939 but was left empty due to the outbreak of the Second World War. It was reputed that a mock Clapham Junction railway station was built inside to confuse the Luftwaffe. The reservoir was used for fog dispersal experiments in the development of the FIDO landing system.This reservoir and the adjacent Staines Reservoirs receive their input from the River Thames at Hythe End just above Bell Weir Lock. The Staines Aqueduct continues eastwards, passing the Water Treatment Works at Kempton Park, to supply the Water Treatment Works at Hampton. The other adjacent reservoir, Wraysbury Reservoir, is situated to the west on the other side of the M25.
The reservoir forms part of the Staines Moor Site of Special Scientific Interest. The reservoirs carry nationally important wintering populations of tufted ducks, pochard, goosander and goldeneye.Lavender Hill
Lavender Hill is a hill, and a shopping and residential street, near Clapham Junction in Battersea, south London. Lavender Hill forms the section of the A3036 as it rises eastwards out of the Falconbrook valley at Clapham Junction, and retains that name for approximately 1.3 km to the corner of Queenstown Road in Battersea, beyond which it is called Wandsworth Road towards Vauxhall.Lostock railway station
Lostock railway station serves the suburb of Lostock in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. According to large scale Ordnance Survey maps and local usage, the area is named Lostock Junction and the station is referred to as such by many local people. Indeed, Network Rail's own "location map" refers to the area as "Lostock Junction". This is similar to the situation in London where Clapham Junction railway station is in fact in Battersea, and the surrounding area has taken the name of Clapham Junction. Lostock itself is some distance to the west of the station.Shaftesbury Park Estate
The Shaftesbury Park Estate, commonly known as The Shaftesbury Estate, is a residential estate in Battersea in South London, England. It lies north of Lavender Hill and Clapham Common and east of Clapham Junction railway station.
The estate occupies a flat area of land at the edge of the River Thames flood plain just north of the slope rising to Clapham Common.
Historically the area was occupied by Battersea Fields, the poorly drained common land covering the area as far as the river. The Heathwall Ditch ran along the foot of the slope and drained into the River Effra and Falcon Brook, making Battersea an island; present day Heathwall Street marks the line of this water course. A stream crossed the area on the line of present-day Grayshott Road.The Lavender Hill Mob
The Lavender Hill Mob is a 1951 comedy film from Ealing Studios, written by T. E. B. Clarke, directed by Charles Crichton, starring Alec Guinness and Stanley Holloway and featuring Sid James and Alfie Bass. The title refers to Lavender Hill, a street in Battersea, a district of South London, in the postcode district SW11, near to Clapham Junction railway station.
The British Film Institute ranked The Lavender Hill Mob the 17th greatest British film of all time. The original film was digitally restored and re-released to UK cinemas on 29 July 2011 to celebrate its 60th anniversary.Up the Junction (song)
"Up the Junction" was the third single released from Squeeze's second album, Cool for Cats, sung by Glenn Tilbrook. It is one of the band's most popular and well-remembered songs (especially in the UK), and reached number 2 on the UK Singles Chart, the same position as its predecessor, "Cool for Cats" .
Railways around Clapham Junction
Major railway stations in Great Britain
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