Claire Nader

Claire Nader (1928) is an American social scientist and a sister of Ralph, Laura, and Shafeek Nader.[1]

Biography

She is a graduate of Smith College and holds a Ph.D. in political science,[1] awarded by Columbia University, Department of Public Law and Government. Her dissertation was entitled "American Natural Scientists in the Policy Process: Three Atomic Energy Issues and Their Foreign Policy Implications".

In 1956, she became an instructor in the Department of Social Sciences at New York City Community College. Next she served as a Research Assistant for the Council for Atomic Age Studies from 1961 to 1963. During the 1960s she worked with Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL),[2][3] where she conducted civil defense research related to the potential societal aftereffects of a nuclear weapons attack.[4] She was the first social scientist at ORNL, where she was director of Science in Society Studies in the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies from 1963–1966. After leaving ORNL she extended her interests and became known in community activist issues relating to corporate and government policies as they affect local communities.

She served as a chairman of the board of directors of the Council for Responsible Genetics[5] from 1994–1996, is a trustee of Safety Systems, and was an editor for Sage Publications.

Nader is the President of the Shafeek Nader Trust for the Community Interest which seeks to advance the ability of citizens to participate and shape the quality of democracy in their community.

Selected publications

  • Claire Nader. The Technical Expert in a Democracy, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, May 1966.
  • Claire Nader (1968). "A Letter in Health Physics" in Health Physics, Printed in Northern Ireland, Pergamon Press. Vol. 14, pp. 379–381.
  • Claire Nader (1969). Technical Experts in Developing Countries, in Science and Technology in Developing Countries, eds. C. Nader and A. B. Zahlan. Cambridge University Press.
  • Claire Nader (1975). The Dispute Over Safe Uses of X-Rays in Medical Practice, in "Health Physics" Vol. 29, No.1, pp. 181–206.
  • Claire Nader (September 1975). "The Need and Desirability for Problem-Focused Research on The Interrelationships Between Science and Technology and Values and Ethics" April 29, 1975. Also AAAS Interdisciplinary Workshop on the Interrelationships Between Science and Technology and Ethics and Values.
  • Claire Nader (1976). "The Energy of Waste and the Problem of Informed Choices," in Energy and the Environment Cost-Benefit Analysis, R.A. Karam and K.Z. Morgan, eds. Energy – An International Jr. New York: Pergamon Press, pp. 625–629.
  • Claire Nader (1977). "Comment" in Toxic Substances and Trade Secrecy, Technical Information Project, Washington, D.C., pp. 63–66.
  • Claire Nader (June 1978). "Cultural Factors: Unresolved Issues in the Conflict Between Individual Freedom and Social Control" New York Academy of Sciences Conference on Public Control of Environmental Health Hazards.
  • Claire Nader (1979). Controlling Environmental Health Hazards: Corporate Power, Individual Freedom and Social Control, Annals of New York Academy of Sciences, Volume 329, Public Control of Environmental Health Hazards. Pages 213–220, October 1979.
  • Claire Nader and Laura Nader (1985). A Wide Angle on Regulation, in Regulatory Policy and the Social Sciences, R. Noll, ed. University of California Press, pp. 141–160.
  • Claire Nader (1986). Technology and Democratic Control: The Case of Recombinant DNA, in The Gene Splicing Wars. American Association for the Advancement of Science, eds., R.A. Zilinskas and B.K. Zimmerman, New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Claire Nader (February 1989). Changing the Way We Look at Science and Technology in Politics and The Life Sciences Vol. 7, No. 2.

References

  1. ^ a b Annie Birdsong, Ralph Nader's Childhood Roots, Green Party of Ohio
  2. ^ Claire Nader, The Technical Expert in a Democracy, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, May 1966.
  3. ^ Charles Barton, Milton Shaw: Part III, The Nuclear Green Revolution (blog), February 21, 2008.
  4. ^ Balancing Act (part of "The First 50 Years", a history of Oak Ridge National Laboratory), ORNL Review v. 25, numbers 3 and 4, 1992
  5. ^ Board of Directors and Emeriti, Council for Responsible Genetics website
American Museum of Tort Law

The American Museum of Tort Law is a museum developed by Ralph Nader, located in his hometown of Winsted, Connecticut. The museum focuses on topics of civil justice and "aspects of the legal system that handle wrongful actions that result in injury". The museum opened to the public in September 2015. It is the first law museum in the United States.

Concord Principles

Ralph Nader's Concord Principles were offered in 1992 as an invitation to the Presidential candidates to improve civic dialogue and the democratic institutions of the United States.

They are written as 10 pleas intended to avert a trend of corporatism in government, plutocratic influence, banal sloganistic elections, power singularities and a popular sense of political futility in political dialogue.

The list calls for:

More governmental transparency and civic communication for social consensus.

More public control over civic assets such as public lands, airwaves and pension funds.

Strengthened protections from big government and big corporations.

Democratic protections against nullification of voter powers by:

Bold options for "None of the above".

12 year maximum term limits.

Improved voter registration and ballot access.

Public financing of elections.

Binding referendum, initiative and recall powers for state voters and non-binding national referendums.

Checks on Presidential and Congressional pay raises.

Improved taxpayer oversight of public expenditure.

Improving the civic information infrastructure through:

Computerized government records.

Utility company billing as a civic notification process.

Expanded public access television.

Strengthened access to courts to prevent corporate and government abuse.

Protection for whistleblowers.

Shareholder protections against corporate greed.

Strengthening school curriculum in civic participation.

Council for Responsible Genetics

The Council for Responsible Genetics (CRG) is a nonprofit NGO with a focus on biotechnology.

Ralph Nader

Ralph Nader (; born February 27, 1934) is an American political activist, author, lecturer, and attorney, noted for his involvement in consumer protection, environmentalism and government reform causes. The son of Lebanese immigrants to the United States, Nader was educated at Princeton and Harvard and first came to prominence in 1965 with the publication of the bestselling book Unsafe at Any Speed, a highly influential critique of the safety record of American automobile manufacturers. Following the publication of Unsafe at Any Speed, Nader led a group of volunteer law students—dubbed "Nader's Raiders"—in an investigation of the Federal Trade Commission, leading directly to that agency's overhaul and reform. In the 1970s, Nader leveraged his growing popularity to establish a number of advocacy and watchdog groups including the Public Interest Research Group, the Center for Auto Safety, and Public Citizen.

Nader's activism has been directly credited with the passage of several landmark pieces of American consumer protection legislation including the Clean Water Act, the Freedom of Information Act, the Consumer Product Safety Act, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the Whistleblower Protection Act, and the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act. He has been repeatedly named to lists of the "100 Most Influential Americans", including those published by Life Magazine, Time Magazine, and The Atlantic, among others.

He ran for President of the United States on several occasions as an independent and third party candidate, using the campaigns to highlight under-reported issues and a perceived need for electoral reform. His 2000 candidacy stirred controversy, with several studies suggesting that Nader's candidacy helped Republican George W. Bush win a close election against Democrat Al Gore. During the election, Nader had stated that he preferred Bush to win over Gore, though the Nader campaign later clarified that the statement was not meant to indicate Bush was a better choice over Gore.A two-time Nieman Fellow, Nader is the author or co-author of more than two dozen books, and was the subject of a documentary film on his life and work, An Unreasonable Man, which debuted at the 2006 Sundance Film Festival.

Shafeek Nader

Shafeek Nader (1926–1986) was the first son of Rose Nader, and older brother of Ralph Nader, Laura Nader and Claire Nader. He was a community advocate and the principal founder of Northwestern Connecticut Community College. After his death in 1986, the Shafeek Nader Trust was created in his honor. Nader was a graduate of the University of Toronto.

The Chemical Feast

The Chemical Feast: Ralph Nader's Study Group Report on the Food and Drug Administration is a 1970 book usually associated with the name of Ralph Nader, who wrote its Introduction, but authored by public interest, regulatory affairs attorney Jim Turner which is critical of the policies and practices of its subject, the United States' Food and Drug Administration.

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