Civil Lines, Delhi

The Civil Lines is an affluent residential area and subdivision of North Delhi District in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India. It is one of the 12 zones under the Municipal Corporation of Delhi. It was the hub of European-style hotels in the city until New Delhi came into being in 1911.[1]

Civil Lines
subdistrict
Civil Lines is located in Delhi
Civil Lines
Civil Lines
Location in Delhi, India
Coordinates: 28°40′46″N 77°13′34″E / 28.679368°N 77.226076°ECoordinates: 28°40′46″N 77°13′34″E / 28.679368°N 77.226076°E
Country India
StateDelhi
DistrictNorth Delhi
Government
 • TypeLegislative Assembly
 • BodyDelhi Administration. (The Government of National Capital Region of Delhi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Lok Sabha constituencyNorth Delhi
Civic agencyMunicipal Corporation Of Delhi

History

Delhimap
Map of Delhi showing location of Civil Lines

The name Civil Lines is a relic of British Raj times, when the city of Delhi was organized into separate areas where the British military and civilian buildings were located.[2] Areas, where civilians lived, were demarcated as Civil Lines. One monument of British Raj era is the Metcalfe House, Delhi. This is where the administration and governance of the Indian Empire was conducted by nineteen Governor Generals (Vice Roys) from Lord Canning to Lord Reading at their offices housed in the Old Secretariat building on the Alipore Road, and the residence of these Governor Generals was the prestigious bungalow at 1. Alipore Road which was vacated by the British Indian government in 1930 to relocate the residence for succeeding viceroys at a palatial complex on the Raisina hill in Lyutiens' Delhi known as the Vice Roy's House. The bungalow at 1. Alipore Road today houses the Indra Prastha College for Women. The Old Secretariat after 1931 housed the offices of the British Indian Army and the Post Master General and the adjoining Army Press. After independence It became the seat of Delhi's Metropolitan Council and currently houses several offices of the Central Government like the Publications Department and offices of the Delhi Administration. The Vice Roy's House today is the official residence of the Presidents of Indian Republic and is called the Rashtrapati Bhawan. The offices of the Old Secretariat at Alipore Road were also relocated in 1931 to the New Secretarial Building at Lutyens' Delhi adjoining the Vice Roy's House and is called the Central Secretariat today. One of the earliest modern hotels in Delhi was the Maidens Hotel, later Oberoi Maidens, built in 1903. It was situated in the Civil Lines, where all European-style hotels were situated and the officers of British Raj stayed. Other hotels in the area were Swiss Hotel and Hotel Cecil, run by Robert Hotz family, which also owned Wildflower Hall and Cecil Hotel in Shimla. Hotel Cecil was later demolished and today St. Xavier's School stands on the location.[1][3]

Raj Niwas, the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, the head of state of Delhi and National Capital Territory of Delhi, is located on Raj Niwas Marg in Civil Lines.[4] A children's home run by Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity lies north of Qudsia Bagh in Civil Lines. Civil Lines is quite a big area consisting of various colonies and offices. One of the main colonies is Delhi Police Staff Quarters which is just behind the Civil Lines Police Station.

Civil Lines is connected to Delhi University North Campus. It is now a developing district. It includes areas like:

  • Court Road
  • Rajpur Road
  • Sham Nath Marg (erstwhile Alipore Road)
  • Under Hill Road
  • Under Hill Lane
  • Police Lines
  • Shankracharya Marg
  • Bela Road
  • Nuruddin Ahmad Lane
  • Raj Narain Road
  • Maharaja Lal Lane
  • Battery Lane
  • Jamna Marg
  • Raj Niwas Road
  • Sri Ram Road
  • Flagstaff Road
  • North End Road
  • Racquet Court Road
  • Ram Kishore Road
  • Yamuna Road
  • Khyber Pass Market
  • Magazine Road
  • Sant Parmanand Hospital
  • Tirath Ram Shah Hospital
  • Aruna Asaf Ali Hospital
  • The National Institute of Communicable Diseases
  • The Indra Prastha College for Women.

Surrounding areas

  • Delhi University, North Campus
  • Mukherjee Nagar: an educational centre, mostly known for I.A.S. coachings. It has a famous Batra Cinema.
  • Kingsway Camp: main road of G.T.B. Nagar. It is a very congested market.
  • Timarpur: residential bungalows and multi storey apartment blocks of the Central Government and the
  • Delhi Administration. Includes a private residential colony called the Benarasi Dass Estate and the B D
  • Estate Market. Also houses the Delhi Metro Khyber Pass Terminal and train maintenance yards.
  • Site for an upcoming large multi storey private residential complex called La Tropicana.
  • Radio Colony: a housing colony for employees of All India Radio
  • Dhir Pur: a small and congested village near Rosary School
  • Dhaka Village: a concentration of rental housing for students
  • Gandhi Ashram, Delhi: a green open area, sometimes having a "Khadi Mela". Once Gandhi visited it.
  • Parmanand Colony: Most of the Sikhs and Punjabis live here.
  • Model Town: a shopping district, with many branded showrooms.
  • Munshi Ram Colony/Dairy: a residential area adjacent to Parade Marg and Sant Nirankari Public School.
  • Nirankari Colony

Transport

The Civil Lines underground station of the Delhi Metro services the area.

  • Civil Lines to Connaught Place: 10 mins by Metro and 15–20 mins by Road.
  • Civil Lines to Delhi Airport: 35–40 mins by car.
  • Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBT) at Kashmere Gate, which provides bus service to points in other states, is a 5 min drive.
  • Old Delhi Railway Station: 5–6 mins by Metro and 10–12 mins by Road.
  • New Delhi Railway Station: 8–10 mins by Metro and 20–25 mins by Road.

Restaurants

  • Moets Drive-in Bar-be-Que, Sham Nath Marg
  • Moets Chinese, Sham Nath Marg
  • Embassy (Indian & Continental), Sham Nath Marg
  • Best of Asia Village, Alipur Road [5]
  • McDonald's, Nirula's, Domino's Pizza – ISBT Metro Plaza

Hotels: 3/4 Star: Oberoi Maidens Hotel, Sham Nath Marg

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "'Lodged' in the heart of New Delhi". Hindustan Times. 30 August 2011.
  2. ^ Civil Lines Britannica.com.
  3. ^ "Pin Code of Civil Lines Delhi". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
  4. ^ "Home-Lieutenant Governor Secretariat". Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  5. ^ https://www.tripadvisor.in/Restaurant_Review-g304551-d11923145-Reviews-Best_of_Asia_Village-New_Delhi_National_Capital_Territory_of_Delhi.html?m=19905. Missing or empty |title= (help)
Basanta Kumar Biswas

Basanta Kumar Biswas (6 February 1895 – 11 May 1915) was an Indian pro-independence activist involved in the Jugantar group who, in December 1912, is believed to have bombed the Viceroy's Parade in what came to be known as the Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy. He was initiated into revolutionary movement by Jugantar leaders Amarendranath Chattopadhyaya and Rash Behari Bose.

Centre for the Study of Developing Societies

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Civil Lines

Civil Lines (archaically White Town) are the residential neighborhoods developed during the British Raj for its senior officers. These townships were built all over the Indian subcontinent and were allotted to civil officers in the respective countries. This is distinct from Forts and Cantonments, which were expressedly military establishments.

These include:

In India

Civil Lines, Delhi

Civil Lines, Allahabad

Civil Lines, Kanpur

Civil Lines, Moradabad

Civil Lines, JaipurIn Pakistan

Civil Lines, Rawalpindi

Civil Lines, Faisalabad

Civil Line, Karachi

Civil Lines, Lahore

Civil Lines (disambiguation)

Civil Lines is a number of residential areas built during the British Raj, present in several towns and cities of Indian Subcontinent.

Civil Lines may also refer to:

Civil Lines (magazine), a 1990s Indian magazine

Civil Lines (Delhi Metro), a station of Delhi Metro rail

Civil Lines metro station (Jaipur)

Civil Lines metro station (Delhi)

The Civil Lines Metro Station is located on the Yellow Line of the Delhi Metro in the Civil Lines area of Delhi.

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Gwalior House

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The house has been involved in an inheritance feud within the princely family. It is of modest size and can therefore not be considered a palace.

Since Gwalior was a 21-gun salute princely state, a large plot was set aside next to the Kingsway, today Rajpath, for a palace to be constructed next to the Baroda House and Patiala House (at 28.6166°N 77.2326°E / 28.6166; 77.2326). However the princely family refused to be aligned in this city planning scheme by the British. The plot stood empty and was temporary used as the Prince's Park Mess.

Indraprastha College for Women

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is the oldest women's college in Delhi. Established in 1924, it is affiliated to University of Delhi.The college offers graduate and post-graduate courses in Economics, Liberal Arts, Commerce, Literature, Computer Science, Multimedia Media & Mass Communication etc., and is among the prestigious colleges of India.

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Khyber Pass

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List of Monuments of National Importance in Delhi

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President's Police Medal

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Raj Niwas, Delhi

Raj Niwas (translation: Government House) is the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, the head of state of Delhi and government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is located on Raj Niwas Marg, Civil Lines, Delhi. The present lieutenant governor of Delhi is Anil Baijal, since December 31, 2016.

Rajni Kothari

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Sirohi House

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The house is run today as a traveller inn and hotel.

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