Ciudad Obregón

Ciudad Obregón (Spanish pronunciation: [sjuˈðað oβɾeˈɣon]) is the second largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and named for Sonoran revolutionary general and president of Mexico, Álvaro Obregón. It is situated 525 km (326 mi) south of the state's northern border with the U.S. state of Arizona. It is also the municipal seat of Cajeme municipality, located in the Yaqui Valley.

Ciudad Obregón
Official seal of Ciudad Obregón

Seal
Ciudad Obregón is located in Mexico
Ciudad Obregón
Ciudad Obregón
Location of Ciudad Obregon in Mexico
Coordinates: 27°29′21″N 109°56′06″W / 27.48917°N 109.93500°W
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg Mexico
StateSonora
MunicipalityCajeme
Founded1927
Government
 • TypeAyuntamiento
 • Municipal PresidentSergio Pablo Mariscal Alvarado
Elevation
40 m (130 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total405,000
Demonym(s)Obregonense
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (no DST/PDT)
ZIP code
85000 - 85059
Area code(s)644,
Websitehttp://www.obregon.gob.mx/

History

The city, previously named Cajeme, takes its name from Mexican Revolutionary Álvaro Obregón, a native of nearby Huatabampo, Sonora. Álvaro Obregón became president of Mexico after the Revolution and initiated an "agricultural revolution" in the Yaqui Valley, introducing modern agricultural techniques and making this valley one of the most prosperous agricultural regions in the country. Renowned U.S. agronomist Dr. Norman Borlaug, the architect of the "Green Revolution" worked here after successful developments in increasing the resistance of wheat. For his efforts he was later awarded the Nobel Prize.

Climate

Ciudad Obregón has a steppe climate (Köppen BWh) featuring long, extremely hot summers and short, mild winters with cold mornings. It is frequent that in summer the temperature reach 40 °C (104.0 °F) or more, with overnight lows greater than 24 °C (75 °F) and sometimes reaching 30 °C (86 °F). Sunny skies and clear nights can be expected through all the year. Many severe thunderstorms with strong winds and sandstorms reach the region in summer. Rainfall is scarce but it is more prominent it the summer. In the winter, daytime temperatures can be hotter than 26 °C (79 °F) but at night the temperature can fall to 2 °C (36 °F). Snow in Ciudad Obregón is nonexistent, but hailstorms can occur during cold fronts.

The extreme temperatures recorded in the box below between 1939 and 2016 were recorded at the Downtown Station of Ciudad Obregón, Sonora.[1][2]

City origins

Cajeme Municipality has as its head Ciudad Obregón. Its first settlers established themselves in the neighborhood called Plano Oriente, as irrigation canals made by the Richardson company around 1910 and two years later, the South Pacific railroad established a station called Cajeme. The town of Cajeme was initially a part of Cocorit Municipality until its elevation to Municipal Seat on September 28, 1927. The first city government was established on January 1, 1928. The July 28, 1928 decree stated that “the city is known now with the name of Ciudad Obregón, the town formerly known as Cajeme.” In 1937 another legislation stated that Cajeme be the name of the Municipality and Ciudad Obregón its seat.

In 1950 Ciudad Obregon had a population on 120,000.[6]

Roots and traditions

The Yaqui people are settled in eight towns, Potam, Huirivis, Torim, Cocorit, Bacum, Vicam, Rahum and Belem. seven kilometres (4.3 miles) from the city is the first of the eight Yaqui towns that make the autonomous territory of these people known for their independent character, because it is one of the few American ethnic groups not dominated militarily by Spanish colonialists. Yaqui history is covered with acts of heroic resistance for the defense of their territory and culture, an ancestral culture enriched by rites and traditions of which the Deer Dance stands out, a symbolic representation of the hunt for this animal whose aesthetic richness has awakened interest the world over. In the rites of Passover and Easter, or in the Day of the Dead celebration, Yaqui culture reaches its highest splendor and shows us the survival of mystery, the unity of man with the universe and the intimate relationship between people and the nature that surrounds them. One day the wind of Passover takes the Pharisees to roam the nearby cities hidden behind leather masks; another day rivalries and mundane ambitions are forgotten so that the whole tribe may join in the commemoration of its faithfully departed. Men and women that practice traditional medicine apply ancient knowledge passed on by their ancestors and with herbs and ointments cure the sickness of their relatives. Dance, music, traditional medicine and Yaqui festivities are the expression of a magical world of religion that coexists in harmony with western culture. Obregon City is also Birthplace to one of its most notorious past inhabitants: El huilito Rojas from the very first settlement in obregon city: plano oriente of Cardenas Ave. and Guerrerro.

Demographics

Ciudad Obregón is the second largest city in Sonora (after state capital Hermosillo) with a 2010 census population of 298 625 People.[7] Its municipality of Cajeme had a population of 409,310.[8]

As of 2005 the per capita income for the municipality of Cajeme was $10,940 and the Human Development Index was 0.8635.[9]

Government

The position of city mayor formal equivalent in Mexico is municipal president.

Transportation

The city is served by Ciudad Obregón International Airport.

Economy

The primary economic activities in the city are agriculture, industry, cattle farming, fishing, commerce, aquaculture and tourism. Agriculture is still the primary economic activity, but economic diversification is occurring.

The city has seen considerable investment in commercial activity over the past decade.

Education

The following institutions of higher education are based in Ciudad Obregón:

  • Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora (ITSON) - Campus Obregón and Campus Náinari
  • Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Cajeme (ITESCA)
  • Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM) - Campus Obregón
  • Universidad La Salle - Campus Obregón
  • Universidad TecMilenio - Campus Obregón
  • Universidad Tecnológica del Sur de Sonora (UTS)
  • Universidad del Valle de México Campus Ciudad Obregón (UVM)
  • Universidad del Desarrollo Professional Ciudad Obregón (UNIDEP)
  • Universidad Vizcaya de las Américas
  • Instituto Tecnológico del Valle del Yaqui
  • Universidad Durango Santander
  • Universidad Interamericana de Desarrollo (UNID)
  • Instituto de Capacitación para el trabajo Icatson-Cajeme

Tourism

Nainari Lagoon

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Nainari Lagoon

A peculiar tourist attraction, a product of man's whimsy is the artificial “Nainari Lagoon” with a 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) perimeter located at the western city limits between Guerrero and Padre Eusebio Kino avenues. It is used for outdoor sports, and its two piers are a focal point for aquatic activities like skiing, sailing and canoeing being the site for triathlons, marathons, and bicycle races. Cold coconut stands where you can find the freshest coconuts and other fruits such as mango con chile, and restaurants.

This small oasis is artificial, built in 1956, one of the great achievements of City Mayor Rene Gandara, who opened the hydraulic gates to fill the reservoir. Before, it was a lagoon region where there was duck hunting and rice was grown.

The Nainari Lagoon is a tourist attraction that has small boardwalk and a boat dock. It also has a shelter for tourists by the water's edge. Water is constantly circulating as it is connected with one of the main canals in the irrigation district, the Lower Canal.

The Lagoon has been in recent years better tended and remodeled by the authorities. It has at its entrance a small garden with a bronze statue of a discus thrower which gives it much enhancement. Just next to the lagoon there is a sports complex "deportivo". It has an Olympic size swimming pool and it has all types of sport courts such as tennis, basketball, soccer, and fronton.

Ostimuri Children's Park

Next to the Nainari Lagoon we have the Ostimuru Children's Park and the Ostimuri Zoo, the best place to stroll with the family, here you will find an ample variety of mechanical rides for your children. The trees that surround this place cover it with lush branches like a caress from the sky. At the park's edge is the Ostimuri Zoo - an artificial habitat where a wide variety of animals exist, the song of birds as you stroll through this place is like a melody from heaven. As you make your journey in the midst of animals, you are surpassed by a boa as if it were a guardian of this place.

Yaqui Museum

The museum offers a perspective of Yaqui culture having among its objectives rescuing, preserving, investigating and spreading the culture and way of life of the Yaquis. As well as stimulating in the state's population the rediscovery of historical, linguistic and ethnic values of the Yaquis. Another objective is to show Sonoran children and teens the particular characteristics of Yaqui personality and the richness of their folklore. Another objective is to raise consciousness among Sonorans in regards to the development of historical events of the Yaquis as well as the important influence that they had in the formation of groups and classes that constitute the regions current society. This is made more accessible through visuals and scenes of daily life of the population of said tribe, mounted with the instruments, tools and original clothing that has been with them since ancient times and distinguish them on and international level.

Cocorit House

This construction dates from the previous century, its architecture is of colonial style. It has four exhibition rooms and an ample garden where we find permanent samples of painting and sculptures as well as arts and crafts. Among the House's visitors is the internationally renowned sculpture and painter Jose Luis Cuevas. Among the objectives of Cocorit House is to support art in those people with artistic attributes that don't have enough support. That is why local artists call it the region's haven for the arts.

"Álvaro Obregón" Dam

The General Álvaro Obregón Dam also called the Oviachic Dam, named taken from the place where it is located, starts its construction in the year 1947 and it's finished in 1952, being filled for the first time on July the same year. It is located 35 kilometres (22 miles) north of Ciudad Obregón.

Lake Oviachic has a surface of 20,500 acres (83 square kilometres) and a storage capacity of 3226 millions of cubic meters; it is part of the dam system on the Yaqui River, it's the state's largest dam and the third located on said river. From the Oviachic Dam a 27,603-kilometre (17,152-mile) network of main and secondary canals is derived that irrigate 450,000 hectares (1,100,000 acres) of surface in the Yaqui and Mayo Valleys, being one of the most important hydraulic infrastructures in the country. During the last two decades this hydraulic work has become one of the main and most visited tourist destinations in our region.

Huivulai Island

Huivulai Island is located 50 kilometres (31 miles) south of Ciudad Obregón and 5 miles (8.0 kilometres) off the Sonora coast in the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez). In Mayo, Huivulai means "long neck". The island is 17 kilometres (10.6 miles) long and 1.2 kilometres (0.7 miles) wide at its widest part. The island features many natural attractions including sand dunes used by four-wheel drive vehicles. The island has a water well oasis surrounded by date trees that attract many species of birds, including gray and white pelicans, corvetta, gray crested cranes, storks, and albatrosses. The island is ringed by beaches and features fishing opportunities off-shore.

Sports

The most popular sport in Obregon is baseball. The city's professional baseball team is the Yaquis of the Mexican Pacific League, who play at Tomás Oroz Gaytán Stadium.

Obregón F.C. play professional soccer in the Segunda División.

Notable People

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ciudad Obregón is twinned with:

Notes

  1. ^ Station ID for Ciudad Obregon is 76258 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

References

  1. ^ "Normales Climatológicas Ciudad Obregón 1961-2014". Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Normales Climatológicas Ciudad Obregón 2015-2017". Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Normal Temperatures and Precipitation for Ciudad Obregón 1981-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  4. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Ciudad Obregón 1961-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  5. ^ "Station 76258 Ciudad Obregon". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  6. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 406
  7. ^ "Census Data". Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-02-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Oficina Nacional de Desarrollo Humano (2005). "IDH Municipal 2000-2005 base de datos". Archived from the original on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
  10. ^ "Hector Velázquez Stats, Fantasy & News". Boston Red Sox.
  11. ^ "Sister City Fun: Dinner Honors Visitors Here on Mexican Exchange". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate (sec. B, p. 2). June 29, 1977.
  12. ^ "About Us..." tucsonmexicosistercities.org. 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-03.


Coordinates: 27°29′38″N 109°56′20″W / 27.49389°N 109.93889°W

Cajeme

Cajeme is one of the municipalities of the northwestern state of Sonora, Mexico. It is named after Cajemé, a Yaqui leader. The municipality has an area of 3,312.05 km² (1,278.79 sq mi) and with a population of 433,050 inhabitants as of 2015.

Circuito de Baloncesto de la Costa del Pacífico

The Circuito de Baloncesto de la Costa del Pacífico (CIBACOPA) is a basketball league based in Northwestern Mexico. As of 2018, it involves 10 clubs, primarily from northwest Mexico. The matches take place from March to June.

There have been speculations of a further league expansion with the beginning of the 2019 season.

Ciudad Obregón International Airport

Ciudad Obregón International Airport (IATA: CEN, ICAO: MMCN) is an international airport located 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) to the southeast of the center of Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, Mexico. It has one terminal with three gates and two jetways. There are two additional parking spaces for commercial aircraft. The airport is operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a federal government-owned corporation. The airport first came under management by Aeropuertos y Serviciois Auxiliares in 1965 after the corporation was first created to manage airport terminals in Mexico.

In 2017, the airport handled 303,401 passengers, and in 2018 it handled 338,316 passengers.

Eduardo Castro Luque

Eduardo Enrique Castro Luque (12 December 1963 – 14 September 2012) was the deputy-elect of Ciudad Obregón, Sonora and a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

Born and raised in Ciudad Obregón, Castro Luque ran for office in his municipality and was elected as a state legislature for Sonora in the Congress of Mexico on 1 July 2012. Before running for office, he had served as the marketing manager of the Yaquis de Obregón baseball team in his hometown and was working at his privately owned publicity agency. On 14 September 2012, two days before entering office, he was gunned down outside his home by gunmen. He was later pronounced dead at a local hospital.Northern Mexico has been the scene of violent confrontations between Mexico's drug gangs. The recent wave of violence in Ciudad Obregón is attributed to the Sinaloa Cartel and the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel, which fight for the control of retail drug sales and the smuggling routes leading to the United States.

Esteban Quiroz

Jesús Esteban Quiroz Ortiz (born February 17, 1992) is a Mexican professional baseball infielder in the San Diego Padres organization.

Esther Rivera

Esther Rivera Robles (born 30 July 1964 in Ciudad Obregón, Sonora) is a Paralympian athlete from Mexico competing mainly in javelin events.

Robles was the gold medalist in the Women's F33/34/52/53 javelin in the 2004 Summer Paralympics in Athens. She attempted to defend this title in Beijing in 2008 but was ultimately unsuccessful coming away with nothing.

At the 2007 Parapan American Games, Robles set the world record for the F53 class in javelin with a distance of 11.87 m.

Fernando Montiel

Fernando Montiel Martínez (born March 1, 1979) is a Mexican professional boxer. He is a multiple-time former world champion in three weight classes, having held the WBO flyweight title from 2001 to 2002, the WBO junior bantamweight title twice between 2002 and 2008, and the unified WBC and WBO bantamweight titles from 2010 to 2011.

Gloria Mange

Gloria Mange (born 1931) is a former Mexican film actress. She was prominent during the Golden Age of Mexican cinema.

Héctor Velázquez (baseball)

Héctor Velázquez Aguilar (born November 26, 1988) is a Mexican professional baseball pitcher for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball (MLB). He made his MLB debut during 2017. He both throws and bats right-handed, and is listed at 6 feet 0 inches (1.83 m) and 180 pounds (82 kg).

Jorge Gastélum

Jorge Kalú Gastélum Ocampo (born February 28, 1988) is a retired Mexican football midfielder. He last played for Cimarrones of the Ascenso MX.

List of television stations in Sinaloa

The following is a list of all IFT-licensed over-the-air television stations broadcasting in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. There are 17 television stations in Sinaloa which are independent or affiliated to at least one Televisa, TV Azteca, or Canal Once network.

Marco Estrada (baseball)

Marco René Estrada (born July 5, 1983) is a Mexican-American professional baseball pitcher for the Oakland Athletics of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Washington Nationals, Milwaukee Brewers, and Toronto Blue Jays, and was an All-Star in 2016.

Mexican Federal Highway 15D

Federal Highway 15D (Carretera Federal 15D) is the name for toll highways paralleling Federal Highway 15. The toll segments of Highway 15D include some of the most significant highways in the country along the Nogales-Mexico City corridor. The highway is the southern terminus of the CANAMEX Corridor, a trade corridor that stretches from Mexico north across the United States to the Canadian province of Alberta.

Two segments of Federal Highway 15D (México-La Marquesa and Guadalajara-Tepic) are among the top five most expensive toll roads in Mexico, according to a 2016 analysis by Carmatch.

Orlando Salido

Orlando Salido Rivera (born November 16, 1980) is a Mexican professional boxer. He is a multiple-time former world champion in two weight classes, having held the IBF featherweight title in 2010; the WBO featherweight title twice between 2011 and 2014; and the WBO interim super featherweight title from 2014 to 2015.

Salido is known for taking part in many entertaining, classic fights, with his bout against Francisco Vargas being named 2016 Fight of the Year by several media outlets. Salido is also highly regarded for his upset wins over Juan Manuel López and Vasyl Lomachenko, both of whom were considered to be among the best active boxers, pound for pound, during Salido's career.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Ciudad Obregón

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Ciudad Obregón (Latin: Dioecesis Civitatis Obregonensis) (erected 20 June 1959) is a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Hermosillo. Along with the Archdiocese of Chihuahua and the Diocese of Ciudad Juárez, it lost territory in 1966 to form the Territorial Prelature of Madera.

Sacred Heart of Jesus Cathedral, Ciudad Obregón

The Sacred Heart of Jesus Cathedral (Spanish: Catedral del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús) Also Ciudad Obregón Cathedral Is a Catholic church seat of the Diocese of Ciudad Obregón, in Mexico, is one of the most recent Cathedrals of the country, since it was erected at the end of the 20th century. It is dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

Of modern style, it emphasizes its enormous ceiling, in form of truncated prism, on which a great cross rises.

In the interior you can see an enormous altarpiece with images carved in marble and decorations with gold and bronze leaf.

Stephanie Sigman

Stephanie Sigman is a Mexican-American actress. Her breakthrough role was in the 2011 Mexican crime drama film Miss Bala. She has gone on to appear in Pioneer (2013), Spectre (2015), Going Under (2016), and Annabelle: Creation (2017). On television, Sigman starred as Valeria Vélez in the first and second seasons of Netflix crime thriller, Narcos (2015).

XHOX-FM (Sonora)

XHOX-FM is a radio station in Ciudad Obregón, Sonora. Broadcasting on 99.3 FM, the station is owned by Radio Grupo García de León and carries the national Exa FM format from MVS Radio.

Yaquis de Obregón

The Yaquis de Obregón is a Mexican baseball team of the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico ("Mexican Pacific (Baseball) League").

Climate data for Ciudad Obregón, Sonora (Downtown) (1981–2010, extremes (1961-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
38.2
(100.8)
41.0
(105.8)
43.2
(109.8)
45.0
(113.0)
46.4
(115.5)
47.5
(117.5)
46.9
(116.4)
46.8
(116.2)
46.1
(115.0)
40.2
(104.4)
35.3
(95.5)
47.5
(117.5)
Average high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
26.0
(78.8)
28.9
(84.0)
32.7
(90.9)
35.2
(95.4)
38.3
(100.9)
38.5
(101.3)
38.4
(101.1)
38.0
(100.4)
35.6
(96.1)
30.4
(86.7)
25.5
(77.9)
32.55
(90.59)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
16.7
(62.1)
17.9
(64.2)
20.6
(69.1)
23.5
(74.3)
30.8
(87.4)
32.0
(89.6)
31.8
(89.2)
31.2
(88.2)
25.7
(78.3)
20.1
(68.2)
16.7
(62.1)
22.1
(71.8)
Average low °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
7.0
(44.6)
8.5
(47.3)
10.5
(50.9)
14.2
(57.6)
20.3
(68.5)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
24.4
(75.9)
17.7
(63.9)
12.4
(54.3)
8.5
(47.3)
14.2
(57.6)
Record low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
4.5
(40.1)
8.5
(47.3)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
10.0
(50.0)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.0
(0.98)
12.8
(0.50)
4.6
(0.18)
3.1
(0.12)
0.2
(0.01)
8.9
(0.35)
78.5
(3.09)
94.0
(3.70)
95.3
(3.75)
24.4
(0.96)
12.3
(0.48)
25.4
(1.00)
384.5
(15.14)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.5 2.0 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.8 9.1 9.4 6.0 2.1 1.7 2.3 37.4
Average relative humidity (%) 70 71 69 63 62 66 73 75 73 67 66 71 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 237 237 279 298 325 320 275 272 266 276 241 217 3,243
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (temperature, 1981-2010) (humidity, 1981–2000)[3][4]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)[5][a]

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