Ciudad Constitución

Ciudad Constitución is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the seat of Comondú Municipality. As of 2015, the city had a total population of 44,918 inhabitants.[2]. Ciudad Constitución is a small city which serves as a gateway to Magdalena Bay.

Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución is located in Baja California Sur
Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución is located in Mexico
Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución (Mexico)
Coordinates: 25°01′56″N 111°40′13″W / 25.03222°N 111.67028°WCoordinates: 25°01′56″N 111°40′13″W / 25.03222°N 111.67028°W
Country Mexico
StateBaja California Sur
187 ft (57 m)
 • City45,888 [1]
 • Density160/sq mi (62/km2)
 • Metro
 • Metro density140/sq mi (53/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Pacific (US Mountain))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (Pacific)


The colonization of Valle de Santo Domingo (Valley of Santo Domingo) originated around 1940. A ranch called El Crucero (The Crossroad) was settled in a crossroad. Because of this, people started to gather around it and the population started to grow. It quickly became a commercial hub and an obligatory travel stop for all the inhabitants of Valle de Santo Domingo, as well as for people going north or south on the peninsula. Then, it became known as Villa Constitución, and later, Ciudad Constitución. Even today, many locals still call it "El Crucero". Every 5 February the city becomes the state's capital for one day. Since 1996, the Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Ciudad Constitución serves as a higher education institution.


Ciudad Constitución's mainstay is the cultivation of wheat, chickpea, cotton, asparagus, citrics, vegetables, among others crops. The city also has a dairy products processing plant (pasteurized milk, yogurt, fruit beverages): "Unión de Ejidos 20 de Noviembre". Ciudad Constitución has a few small hotels (Hotel El Conquistador, Hotel Conchita, Hotel Maribel, Hotel Ryal), supermarkets (Super Ley, Super Murillo), gas stations, travel agencies (Viajes Pedrín), etc. The Mexican long distance area code for the municipalities of Comondú and Loreto is 613. Internet access is possible in cybercafes through the city's downtown, as well as by dial-up access from regular landlines. Communication with remote areas of Valle de Santo Domingo, nearby islands, and other remote regions of the municipality of Comondú is mainly possible by means of a local AM radio station (XEVSD 1440 kHz).


For air travel, the city is served by the Ciudad Constitución Airport, which is a small airfield where two regional airlines provide service to Los Mochis and Ciudad Obregón. The airport also handles air taxi service. The city's nearest major airports are located in Loreto (Loreto International Airport), La Paz (Manuel Márquez de León International Airport) and San José del Cabo (Los Cabos International Airport). Small aircraft make use of local dirt runaways. Autotransportes Águila is a bus line which covers all the length of the Baja California Peninsula, mainly along Mexican Federal Highway 1 (also known as "Carretera Transpeninsular"), and has an office in Ciudad Constitución.


As of 2015, the city had a total population of 44,918 inhabitants.[5] It is the fifth-largest community in the state (behind La Paz, San José del Cabo, Cabo San Lucas, and Colonia del Sol). Ciudad Constitución is a small city which serves as a gateway to Magdalena Bay. It is also close to the Baja 1000 course.

Historical population
1995 33,948—    
2000 35,220+3.7%
2005 37,220+5.7%
2010 40,935+10.0%
2015 44,918+9.7%
2019 45,888+2.2%
[6] —    


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  4. ^ "CLIMAT summary for 76402: Ciudad Constitucion, B. C. S. (Mexico) – Section 2: Monthly Normals". CLIMAT monthly weather summaries. Ogimet. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  5. ^
  6. ^


External links

Aéreo Servicio Guerrero

Aéreo Servicio Guerrero S.A. de C.V. is a Mexican regional airline founded in 1997, based in the Hermosillo International Airport. It has Cessna 402 B, Cessna 402 C and Cessna Caravan 208 B equipment. It has regular flights to the Baja California Peninsula and Sonora, in addition to air taxi service.

Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbaxa kaliˈfoɾnja suɾ] (listen), English: "South Lower California"), officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur (English: Free and Sovereign State of South Lower California), is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

Before becoming a state on 8 October 1974, the area was known as the El Territorio Sur de Baja California ("South Territory of Lower California"). It has an area of 73,909 km2 (28,536 sq mi), or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico, and occupies the southern half of the Baja California Peninsula, south of the 28th parallel, plus the uninhabited Rocas Alijos in the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered to the north by the state of Baja California, to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and to the east by the Gulf of California, or the "Sea of Cortés". The state has maritime borders with Sonora and Sinaloa to the east, across the Gulf of California.

The state is home to the tourist resorts of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo. Its largest city and capital is La Paz.

Calafia Airlines

Calafia Airlines is a Mexican regional airline founded in 1993, based in the Cabo San Lucas International Airfield. It was formerly named Aéreo Calafia till mid 2016, when as part of a commercial expansion project they decided to use a more commercial name, since they are negotiating international destinations. It has Embraer equipment. It has regular flights to the Baja California Peninsula and the Mexican Pacific coast, in addition to charter flights and tours.

Channel 26 TV stations in Mexico

The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 26 in Mexico:

XEWO-TDT in Guadalajara, Jalisco

XHAPA-TDT in Apatzingán, Michoacán de Ocampo

XHCCB-TDT in Ciudad Constitución, Baja California Sur

XHCGA-TDT in Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes

XHCJ-TDT in Sabinas, Coahuila de Zaragoza

XHCKW-TDT in Colima, ColimaXHCQO-TDT in Chetumal, Quintana Roo

XHCTCZ-TDT in Cerro Azul, Veracruz

XHCTLE-TDT in León, Guanajuato

XHCTSA-TDT in Saltillo, Coahuila

XHCVI-TDT in Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas

XHDB-TDT in Durango, Durango

XHDG-TDT in Oaxaca, Oaxaca

XHEBC-TDT in Ensenada, Baja California

XHFI-TDT in Chihuahua, Chihuahua

XHFW-TDT in Tampico, Tamaulipas

XHGOC-TDT in Ocampo, Guanajuato

XHGV-TDT on Cerro de Las Lajas, Veracruz

XHGWT-TDT in Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur

XHHPT-TDT in Hidalgo Del Parral, Chihuahua

XHIGG-TDT in Iguala, Guerrero

XHLCM-TDT in Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán de Ocampo

XHNON-TDT in Nogales, Sonora

XHOMT-TDT in Ometepec, Guerrero

XHOPCA-TDT in Coatzacoalcos, VeracruzXHOPTP-TDT in Tapachula, Chiapas

XHPMS-TDT in Matehuala, San Luis Potosí

XHPUE-TDT in Puebla, Puebla

XHQUR-TDT in Querétaro, Querétaro de Arteaga

XHRIO-TDT in Matamoros, TamaulipasXHRTTS-TDT in Tepic, Nayarit

XHSJC-TDT in San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur

XHTOB-TDT in Torreón, Coahuila

XHTOE-TDT in Tenosique, Tabasco

XHTVM-TDT in Mexico City

XHVFC-TDT in Villaflores, Chiapas

Channel 27 TV stations in Mexico

The following television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 27 in Mexico:

XHAEA-TDT in Los Aldamas-Estación Los Aldama, Nuevo León

XHAGL-TDT in Agualeguas, Nuevo León

XHBAB-TDT in Bahía Asunción, Baja California Sur

XHBF-TDT in Navojoa, Sonora

XHBG-TDT in Uruapan, Michoacán de Ocampo

XHBJ-TDT in Tijuana, Baja CaliforniaXHCHF-TDT in Chetumal, Quintana Roo

XHCHW-TDT in Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila

XHCLL-TDT in Vallecillo, Nuevo León

XHCMP-TDT in Cerralvo-Melchor Ocampo, Nuevo León

XHCOC-TDT in Ciudad Constitución, Baja California Sur

XHCOV-TDT in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz de Ignacio de la LlaveXHCPPV-TDT in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco

XHCPZ-TDT in Sombrerete, Zacatecas

XHCTCO-TDT in Colima, Colima

XHCTCR-TDT in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas

XHCTZA-TDT in Zacatecas, ZacatecasXHCUR-TDT in Cuernavaca, Morelos

XHDRC-TDT in Dr. Coss, Nuevo LeónXHECA-TDT in Escárcega, Campeche

XHFRT-TDT in Frontera, Tabasco

XHGBT-TDT in Gral. Bravo-Gral. Tapia, Nuevo León

XHGTR-TDT in Gral. Treviño, Nuevo León

XHGVK-TDT in Victoria, Guanajuato

XHHGR-TDT in Higueras, Nuevo León

XHHRR-TDT in Los Herrera, Nuevo León

XHHUH-TDT in Huejutla de Reyes, Hidalgo

XHIZG-TDT in Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo, Guerrero

XHKD-TDT in Ciudad Valles, San Luis Potosí

XHLGT-TDT in León, Guanajuato

XHLRN-TDT in Los Ramones, Nuevo León

XHMLA-TDT in Monclova, Coahuila de Zaragoza

XHMNG-TDT in Mier y Noriega, Nuevo León

XHMSI-TDT in Los Mochis, Sinaloa

XHNCG-TDT in Nuevo Casas Grandes, Chihuahua

XHOMC-TDT in Arriaga, Chiapas

XHOPHA-TDT in Hermosillo, Sonora

XHOXX-TDT in Oaxaca, Oaxaca

XHPAP-TDT in Santiago Papasquiaro, Durango

XHPRS-TDT in Paras, Nuevo León

XHQRO-TDT in Cancún, Quintana Roo

XHRTNA-TDT in Acaponeta-Tecuala, Nayarit

XHSCJ-TDT in Santa Catarina Juquila, Oaxaca

XHSJT-TDT in San José Del Cabo, Baja California Sur

XHTEM-TDT in Puebla, Puebla

XHTMCA-TDT in Campeche, CampecheXHTMYU-TDT in Valladolid-Tizimín, Yucatán

XHTRES-TDT in México CityXHUDG-TDT in Guadalajara, Jalisco

XHVDB-TDT in Villaldama-Bustamante, Nuevo León

XHXEM-TDT in Jocotitlan, México

XHZOS-TDT in Lampazos, Nuevo León

Channel 30 TV stations in Mexico

The following television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 30 in Mexico:

XHAB-TDT in Matamoros, Tamaulipas

XHAF-TDT in Tepic, Nayarit

XHBAS-TDT in Banamichi, Sonora

XHBZC-TDT in La Paz, Baja California Sur

XHCBC-TDT in Ciudad Constitución, Baja California Sur

XHCCA-TDT in Campeche, Campeche

XHCLT-TDT in Celaya, Guanajuato

XHCOM-TDT in Comitán de Domínguez, Chiapas

XHCOQ-TDT in Cozumel, Quintana Roo

XHGDU-TDT in San Diego de la Unión, Guanajuato

XHGJI-TDT in San José Iturbide, GuanajuatoXHGSC-TDT in Santa Catarina, Guanajuato

XHHO-TDT in Hermosillo, Sonora

XHICCH-TDT in Chihuahua, ChihuahuaXHIR-TDT in Iguala, GuerreroXHJCI-TDT in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

XHJCM-TDT in Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes

XHLBT-TDT in Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán de Ocampo

XHLUT-TDT in La Rosita - Villagrán, Tamaulipas

XHMH-TDT in Hidalgo del Parral, Chihuahua

XHND-TDT in Durango, Durango

XHOPEM-TDT in Toluca, México

XHOPMQ-TDT in Querétaro, Querétaro de Arteaga

XHOPPA-TDT in Puebla, Puebla

XHPNT-TDT in Piedras Negras, Coahuila

XHPSO-TDT in Matías Romero, Oaxaca

XHQ-TDT in Culiacán, Sinaloa

XHRCDU-TDT in Cuencamé, Durango

XHRCG-TDT in Saltillo, Coahuila de Zaragoza

XHRCS-TDT in San Luis Rio Colorado, SonoraXHSPG-TDT in Acapulco, Guerrero

XHSPR-TDT in México City

XHTAP-TDT in Tapachula, Chiapas

XHTET-TDT in Tenosique, Tabasco

XHTON-TDT in Tonalá, Chiapas

XHTP-TDT in Mérida, Yucatán

XHTVL-TDT in Villahermosa, Tabasco

XHURT-TDT in Uruapan, Michoacán de Ocampo

XHVST-TDT in Ciudad Valles, San Luis Potosí

XHZAE-TDT in Zacatecas, Zacatecas

Ciudad Constitución (Perú)

Ciudad Constitución is a town in Oxapampa Province, Pasco Region, Perú. It is the capital of the homonymous district. The town is in the Amazon basin and straddles the Palcazu River.It is served by Ciudad Constitución Airport

Ciudad Constitución Airport

Ciudad Constitución Airport (IATA: CUA, ICAO: MMDA) is a small airfield located 6 km east of the central business district (CBD) of Ciudad Constitución, Comondú Municipality of Baja California Sur state, Mexico. The city of Ciudad Constitución is located in the Santo Domingo Valley, in the middle of the state.

The airport handles both commercial and general aviation, mostly within the region.

The airport is operated by the Municipality of Comondú Government, but on October 9, 2007 the airline Aéreo Servicio Guerrero was authorized to use and manage the airport land and facilities.

Ciudad Constitución Airport, Peru

Ciudad Constitución Airport (ICAO: SPCC) is an airport serving the Palcazu River town of Ciudad Constitución in the Pasco Region of Peru. The runway is 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) southeast of the town.

Comondú Municipality

Comondú is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It had a population of 70,816 inhabitants in 2010 census (INEGI). With a land area of 16,858.3 km² (6,509.03 sq mi), it is the seventh-largest municipality in area in Mexico. The municipal seat is located in Ciudad Constitución.

The Spanish missions of San José de Comondú and San Luis Gonzaga are located in this municipality. Rocas Alijos, a group of tiny rocks that are 300 km west off the coast, are part of the municipality.

Hurricane Pauline (1968)

Hurricane Pauline was the deadliest hurricane of the 1968 Pacific hurricane season. Forming from a disturbance in the Intertropical Convergence Zone on September 26 and becoming a tropical storm on September 29, the hurricane strengthened to a peak of 85 mph (137 km/h) as a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale on September 30 before making landfall just east of La Paz, Baja California Sur, near Ciudad Constitución in Mexico, exiting over the Gulf of California. Before making a second landfall on the state of Sonora on October 3, Pauline lost tropical characteristics. The storm continued inland, passing directly over Ciudad Obregón before dissipating south-southeast of Sierra Vista, Arizona.

There is very little information as to the effects of Pauline on Mexico, but during the passage of the hurricane over Magdalena Bay, a boat disappeared with its five occupants. Despite a large-scale search for the boat or any possible remnants, no trace was ever found. The remnants of Pauline triggered showers over the southwest United States and may have been responsible for a damaging tornado which occurred near Glendale, Arizona.

List of airports in Baja California Sur

This is a list of airports in Baja California Sur (a Mexican state), grouped by type and sorted by location. It includes public-use, military and private-use airports.

List of airports in Mexico

This is a list of airports in Mexico, sorted by location.

Only major national and international airports are shown.

List of airports in Peru

This is a list of airports in Peru, sorted by location.

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country located in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean.

The country is divided into 25 regions, which are subdivided in provinces and districts. Peru's capital city is Lima, located in the Lima Province (which is not part of any region).

Mexican Federal Highway 1

Federal Highway 1 (Spanish: Carretera Federal 1, Fed. 1) is a free (libre) part of the federal highway corridors (los corredores carreteros federates) of Mexico, and the highway follows the length of the Baja California Peninsula from Tijuana, Baja California, in the north to Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, in the south. The road connects with Via Rapida, which merges into the American Interstate 5 (I-5) at the international border south of San Ysidro, California.

Fed. 1 is often called the Carretera Transpeninsular (Transpeninsular Highway) and runs a length of 1,711 kilometres (1,063 mi) from Tijuana to Cabo San Lucas. Most of its course is two lanes. Completed in 1973, its official name is the Benito Juárez Transpeninsular Highway (Carretera Transpeninsular Benito Juarez). It is named after one of Mexico's most revered heroes.

Mexican Federal Highway 22

Federal Highway 22 (Spanish: Carretera Federal 22, Fed. 22) is a free part of the federal highways corridors (Spanish: los corredores carreteros federales) in two improved segments.Fed. 22 in Baja California Sur runs from Fed. 1 in Ciudad Constitución to Puerto San Carlos. The total length of this segment of the highway is 57 km (35.4 mi). Fed. 22 in Aguascalientes runs from Fed. 45 in Rincón de Romos to Fed. 25 in Ciénega Grande. The total length of this segment of the highway is 36 km (22.37 mi).

Municipalities of Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into five municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Baja California Sur is the second least populous state with 712,029 inhabitants and the 11th largest by land area spanning 74,745.12 square kilometres (28,859.25 sq mi).Municipalities in Baja California Sur are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico. Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.The largest municipality by population in Baja California Sur is Los Cabos, with 287,671 residents, and the smallest is Loreto with 18,912 residents. The largest municipality by area in Baja California Sur and second largest in Mexico is Mulegé, which spans 32,111.91 km2 (12,398.48 sq mi), while Los Cabos is the smallest at 3,760.02 km2 (1,451.75 sq mi). The first municipality to incorporate was Loreto on July 2, 1822, and the newest municipality is Los Cabos which incorporated April 10, 1980.

Villa Constitución Airport

Villa Constitución Airport (IATA: VIB) is a small airfield located 3 km North of the central business district (CBD) of Ciudad Constitución, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is used for agricultural aviation purposes.


XHVSD-FM is a radio station on 97.5 FM in Ciudad Constitución, Baja California Sur.

Climate data for Ciudad Constitución (1981–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.7
Average high °C (°F) 26.3
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.4
Average low °C (°F) 8.5
Record low °C (°F) −4.7
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.9
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.1 1.4 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.1 1.3 3.2 3.4 0.6 1.4 2.3 15.7
Average relative humidity (%) 68 67 66 65 66 65 64 64 69 66 66 68 66
Mean monthly sunshine hours 239 233 275 287 320 326 308 292 266 281 242 227 3,296
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[3]
Source #2: Ogimet (sun 1981–2010)[4]
Municipalities and
municipal seats

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