City of Canterbury

The City of Canterbury (/ˈkæntərbəri/)[1] is a local government district with city status in Kent, England. The main settlement in the district is Canterbury.

City of Canterbury
Canterbury Cathedral
Canterbury shown within Kent
Canterbury shown within Kent
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countyKent
StatusNon-metropolitan district, Borough, City
Admin HQCanterbury
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodyCanterbury City Council
 • LeadershipCommittee system, Robert Thomas (Conservative)
 • MPsRosie Duffield
Roger Gale
Area
 • Total119.24 sq mi (308.84 km2)
Area rank131st (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total164,553
 • Rank119th (of 317)
 • Density1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
 • Ethnicity
93.4% White
2.2% S.Asian
1.6% Chinese and other
1.4% Mixed Race
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code29UC (ONS)
E07000106 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTR145575
Websitewww.canterbury.gov.uk

History

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the existing city of Canterbury with the Whitstable and Herne Bay Urban Districts, and Bridge-Blean Rural District. The latter district entirely surrounded the city; the urban districts occupied the coastal area to the north.

Geography

Within the district are the towns of Herne Bay and Whitstable, which with the parishes and the cathedral city itself, make up the 'City of Canterbury' district. There are 26 parishes within the district, as follows:[2]

Swalecliffe is an unparished area within the district.

The area is largely rural, with a coastal strip taken up by the almost unbroken spread of seaside towns and beautiful beaches from Seasalter, west of Whitstable, to Herne Bay, Kent. Between them and the city, the hills rise into the well wooded historic Blean, south of which is the Great Stour flowing from its source beyond Ashford.

Twin towns

The district participates in the Sister Cities programme, with links[3] to Bloomington-Normal, Illinois, United States and Vladimir, Russia. The Three Towns Association was founded in 1985 on the initiative of three local clergymen to promote person to person contact between ordinary people in the then USSR, the UK, and the US. The association is the only twinning between the new District Council (i.e. including Whitstable and Herne Bay) as distinct from the old city council for Canterbury alone. The name was subsequently changed to the Three Cities Association.

The association chose Vladimir as the seat of Christianity in Russia. Vladimir was already twinned with Bloomington-Normal, leading to completion of the circle in a three-way 'twinning'. In those early heady days of Gorbachev, the association arranged a World First – home-stay school exchanges between the two Simon Langton Schools, and School No. 23 in Vladimir, a school in which the teaching was conducted in English. At that time, Russian was taught at the Langton schools, also facilitating communication. Association members are still in touch with friends from that era. These exchanges ran for several years, and attracted wide attention, including from Margaret Thatcher. Subsequent exchanges have been between musicians, dancers, academics, policemen, boxers and hairdressers.

Several towns and villages within the City of Canterbury district have their own twinning arrangements;[3] see in particular Canterbury, Whitstable and Herne Bay.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Canterbury". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Parish Councils". Canterbury City Council. 2008. Archived from the original on 15 August 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

Coordinates: 51°17′N 1°05′E / 51.28°N 1.08°E

A28 road

The A28 is a trunk road in southern England. It runs south-west from the seaside resort of Margate in Kent via Westgate and Birchington, reaching open countryside at Sarre. The road continues via Upstreet and Hersden to Sturry, and on to the cathedral city of Canterbury. It forms part of Canterbury's ring road before leaving via Wincheap and Thanington Without, where a sliproad linking to the A2 was completed in 2011, and passing between the North Downs via Chartham, Chilham, Godmersham and Bilting.

The A28 reenters suburbs at Kennington, a suburb of Ashford, but skirts around the town centre on a section of dual carriageway. In 1982, this section was named Simone Weil Avenue, in honour of the French philosopher and mystic. Bypassing Great Chart, the road undulates around the Kentish Weald via Bethersden and High Halden, to the market town of Tenterden.

The A28 continues via Rolvenden and Newenden before crossing a narrow bridge over the River Rother and entering East Sussex via Northiam, beyond which the road becomes very winding. After Brede there is a steep descent to bridge the river of the same name. Next is Westfield, just before the road climbs to terminate at its junction with the A21 just north of Hastings.

Work has continued to improve the A28 into the 21st century. In 2011 a new slip road was completed to connect the road to the A2 in Canterbury.

Bekesbourne

Bekesbourne is a village near Canterbury in Kent, South East England.

The village is centred 2.9 miles (4.7 km) ESE of the city's cathedral and its centre stretches less than 1 km from its railway station to the A2 road to the south.

Bekesbourne railway station

Bekesbourne railway station is on the Dover branch of the Chatham Main Line in England, and serves the villages of Bekesbourne and Patrixbourne, Kent. It is 64 miles 58 chains (104.2 km) down the line from London Victoria and is situated between Canterbury East and Adisham.

The station and all trains that call are operated by Southeastern. It is unstaffed.

The station and the line it serves were built by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway and opened on 22 July 1861. The platforms are linked by a footbridge. The country-bound platform is accessible by public footpath. Nearby is a viaduct over the Nailbourne Stream, a tributary of the River Stour.

Bridge, Kent

Bridge is a village and civil parish near Canterbury in Kent, South East England.

Bridge village is in the Nailbourne valley in a rural setting on the old Roman road, Watling Street, formerly the main road between London and Dover. The village itself is centred 2.5 miles south-east of the city of Canterbury.

CT postcode area

The CT postcode area, also known as the Canterbury postcode area, is a group of 21 postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of 13 post towns. These postcode districts cover much of East Kent, including Ashford, Canterbury, Dover, Folkestone, Birchington, Broadstairs, Deal, Herne Bay, Hythe, Margate, Ramsgate, Sandwich, Westgate-on-Sea and Whitstable.

Chestfield

Chestfield is a village (and civil parish and with Swalecliffe a district council ward) in the Canterbury District of Kent, England. The parish is centred 0.5 miles (0.80 km) from the sea on the north coast of Kent, between the towns of Whitstable and Herne Bay. It is approximately five miles (8 km) north of Canterbury. Over a third of the parish, all of which is the south of its ambit, is woodland. The north-west consists of a business park and superstore.

City of Canterbury-Bankstown

The City of Canterbury Bankstown is a local government area located in the south-western suburbs of Sydney, in New South Wales, Australia. The council was formed on 12 May 2016 from a merger of the City of Canterbury and the City of Bankstown, after a review of local government in New South Wales by the state government.

Located in the Greater Western Sydney region, the Council comprises an area of 72 square kilometres (28 sq mi) and as at the 2016 census had a population of 346,302, making it the most populous local government area in Sydney.The inaugural Mayor of Canterbury-Bankstown is Khal Asfour, the final Mayor of Bankstown and a member of the Labor Party, who was elected on 26 September 2017.

City of Canterbury (New South Wales)

The City of Canterbury was a local government area in the south–west region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The City of Canterbury was primarily residential and light industrial in character. The city was home to over 130 nationalities, with a majority of its residents being born overseas, with the council calling itself "the City of Cultural Diversity." First incorporated as the Municipality of Canterbury in 1879, the council became known as the City of Canterbury in 1993.

The last Mayor of the City of Canterbury Council was Cr. Brian Robson, a member of the Labor Party, until 12 May 2016 when the City was amalgamated with the City of Bankstown, forming Canterbury-Bankstown Council.

Fordwich

Fordwich is a remnant market town and a civil parish in east Kent, England, on the River Stour, northeast of Canterbury.

It is the smallest community by population in Britain with a town council. Its population increased by 30 between 2001 and 2011.Although many miles inland, it was the main port for Canterbury, which traded directly with London and Channel ports and indirectly with the near Continent, before the Wantsum Channel silted up making the Isle of Thanet part of mainland England.

Grade II* listed buildings in City of Canterbury

There are over 20,000 Grade II* listed buildings in England. This page is a list of these buildings in the district of City of Canterbury in Kent.

Harbledown

Harbledown is a village in Kent, England, immediately west of Canterbury and contiguous with the city. At local government level the village is designated as a separate civil parish, that of Harbledown and Rough Common. The High Street is a conservation area with many listed buildings, including a tall and intact Georgian terrace on the south side. The area includes several orchards for fruit on its outskirts, within the parish boundaries.

Hoath

Hoath is a semi-rural village and civil parish in the City of Canterbury local government district. The hamlets of Knaves Ash, Maypole, Ford, Old Tree, Shelvingford and Stoney Acre are included in the parish.

Ickham and Well

Ickham and Well is a mostly rural civil parish east of Canterbury in Kent, South East England.

The parish covers the villages of Ickham and Bramling just off the A257 Sandwich Road. It has several listed buildings in architecture of old, well-preserved houses, with the 13th-century Parish Church of St John the Evangelist in the midst. A recent archaeological excavation at Ickham has revealed evidence of Roman metalwork and copper brooches.

Kingston, Kent

Kingston is a village and civil parish between Canterbury and Dover in Kent, South East England. The parish contains the hamlet of Marley.

Littlebourne

Littlebourne is a village and civil parish 4 miles east of Canterbury in Kent, South East England.

Upper Hardres

Upper Hardres is a village and civil parish in the City of Canterbury District of Kent, England.

The name of the Hardres family is perpetuated in the twin villages of Upper Hardres and Lower Hardres (pronounced 'hards'), on the Roman road, Stone Street, south-west of the city of Canterbury. The family owned this area for 700 years after the Norman Conquest. It is a said that Thomas Hardres, who was knighted for his valour at the Siege of Boulogne in 1544, brought back the town gates and erected them at Upper Hardres, though there is little evidence of their existence today.

Waltham, Kent

Waltham is a village and civil parish 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Canterbury in Kent, England.

The village was once associated with the Knights Templar and was originally called Temple Waltham.

Towns and villages in the Canterbury district of Kent, England
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