Circa

Circa (from Latin, meaning 'around, about') – frequently abbreviated c., ca. or ca and less frequently circ. or cca. – signifies "approximately" in several European languages and as a loanword in English, usually in reference to a date.[1] Circa is widely used in historical writing when the dates of events are not accurately known.

When used in date ranges, circa is applied before each approximate date, while dates without circa immediately preceding them are generally assumed to be known with certainty.

Examples:

  • 1732–1799: Both years are known precisely.
  • c. 1732 – 1799: The beginning year is approximate; the end year is known precisely.
  • 1732 – c. 1799: The beginning year is known precisely ; the end year is approximate.
  • c. 1732 – c. 1799: Both years are approximate.

See also

References

  1. ^ "circa". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 16 July 2010.

External links

  • The dictionary definition of circa at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Circa at Wikimedia Commons
Key topics
Calendars
Astronomic time
Geologic time
Chronological
dating
Genetic methods
Linguistic methods
Related topics

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