Churu district

Churu district is a district of the Indian state of Rajasthan in northern India. The town of Churu is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Churu lies in the Jangladesh region of northern Rajasthan and shares boundaries with the Hanumangarh District to the north, the Haryana state to the east, the Jhunjhunun and Sikar districts to the southeast, the Nagaur District to the south, and the Bikaner District to the west.

The district has an area of approximately 16,830 km², with a road length of 1901 km. The 2011 population was approximately 2,041,171. The gender ratio is 938 females per 1,000 males; literacy among residents is 67.46%. There are 7 tehsils in the district: Churu, Ratangarh, Taranagar, Rajgarh, Sardarshahar, Sujangarh and Bidasar.

The major crops include bajra and guar. The major minerals found in the district are copper and gypsum.

Churu Desert
Savannah land within the Churu desert.
Churu Desert1
A view of the Churu desert.
Churu district
Location of Churu district in Rajasthan
Location of Churu district in Rajasthan
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
Administrative divisionBikaner Division
HeadquartersChuru
TehsilsChuru, Ratangarh, Taranagar, Rajgarh, Sardarshahar, Sujangarh, Bidasar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesChuru[1]
Area
 • Total13,858 km2 (5,351 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total2,041,171[2]
 • Urban
576,480
Demographics
 • Literacy67.46%
Major highwaysNH-52
Average annual precipitation43cm mm
WebsiteOfficial website
Map rajasthan dist Churu
24. Churu District in Rajasthan

Attractions

Sujangarh, Ratangarh, Sardarshahar, Tarangar, Rajgarh, Ratannagar, Chapper, Bidasar and Rajaldesar are the other major towns in the district. The Tal Chhapar Sanctuary, a blackbuck sanctuary, has more than 1,680 black bucks and migratory birds. It is a major attraction for wildlife enthusiasts. Other attractions include the grand palatial Havelies in the towns of Ratannagar, Ratangarh and Sardarshahar, the Hanuman temple at Salasar and the Venkateshwar temple at Sujangarh, the birthplace of local deity, Goga Pir, in Dadrewa. The Bhadrakali Temple at Rajaldesar is popular among Shakta Tantra followers from all over India, which was established by Anant Shri Vibhushit Dandi Swami Jogendrashram ji Maharaj. Baba Phool Nath Temple at Nawa, Rajgarh is popular and related to NATH Community. ..

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Churu district has a population of approximately 2,041,172,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Botswana[4] or the US state of New Mexico.[5] This gives it a ranking of 224th in India (out of a total of 640 districts).[3] The district has a population density of 148 inhabitants per square kilometre (380/sq mi).[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-11 was approximately 6.1%.[3] Churu has a sex ratio of 938 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of about 67.46%.[3]

Percentage distribution of local work force

  • Cultivators: 73.17%
  • Agricultural laborers: 3.16%

Local industries

  • Processing, servicing, and repairs: 2.26%
  • Other workers: 21.41%

Major crop production

  • Wheat: 60,654 tonnes
  • Rapeseed and Mustard: 24,705 tonnes
  • Pulses: 9,594 tonnes
  • Gram: 316 tonnes
  • Bajra: 2545467 tonnes

Communication facilities

  • Public call offices: 682
  • Post offices: 392
  • Telegraph offices: 89
  • Telephone exchanges: 83

Educational facilities and institutions

  • Primary and middle schools: 1,472
  • Secondary and higher secondary schools: 207
  • Private BED Colleges: 14
  • Post graduate and under graduate: 11
  • ITIs: 5
  • Government BED Colleges: 1

Industrial scenario

  • Large and Medium Scale Units: 10
  • Small Scale Units: 3,963
  • Industrial Areas: 7

Infrastructure

A majority of the district's power supply is provided by the Bhakra Hydel Complex through 132 kV lines coming via Hissar in Haryana. 902 of the district's 926 villages have access to electricity. Water is available at the depth of 30 to 48 metres, with the exception of places such as Sujangarh and Taranagar Tehsils.

The district has good connections within and outside the state. National Highway Nos. 11 (Agra-Bikaner), 65 (Ambala-Pali), and 709 Ext. (Rohtak-Rajgarh) pass through the district. The total length of roads in the district is 3,010 km and is 240 km from Delhi via Hisar and 210 km. via Behal. The Churu district is served by broad gauge lines of the Northern-Western Railway. The total length of rail line is 363 km. The broad gauge is developing in some areas of the district. The nearest airport is at Jaipur (approximately 245 km outside the district).

Churu was ranked as 423rd in a ranking of 423 districts for the National Urban Sanitation Policy in 2009-2010. In the absence of citizen awareness, it continues to hold that rank, making it officially India's dirtiest district.(Report)

Primary industries

  • Aluminium utensils
  • Blanket weaving
  • Cement production
  • Churan
  • Chatni
  • Guargum
  • Hand loomed cloth
  • Iron and steel fabrication
  • Oil production
  • Salt production
  • Sewing machine (DABLA)

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Parliamentary Constituencies of Rajasthan" (PDF). 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  2. ^ "Name Census 2011, Rajasthan data" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 28 Feb 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Botswana 2,065,398
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. New Mexico - 2,059,179

External links

Coordinates: 28°17′24″N 74°57′36″E / 28.29000°N 74.96000°E

Bharat Vyas

Bharat Vyas (1918–1983) was a noted Indian lyricist who wrote the songs for Hindi films in 1950s and 1960s.

Bidasar, Churu

Bidasar is a city and a municipality in Churu district in the state of Rajasthan, India. Bidasar is a great land of Bidawat warriers.

Chhapar

Chhapar is a small town and a municipality in Churu district in the state of Rajasthan, India.

Chhapar and Tal chhapar is located in the Churu district of Northwestern Rajasthan in the Shekhawati region of India. It is 210 km from Jaipur and situated on the road from Ratangarh to Sujangarh. The Tal Chappar lies in the Sujangarh Tehsil of Churu district. It lies on the Nokha-Sujangarh state highway and is situated at a distance of 85 km from Churu and about 132 km from Bikaner. The nearest railway station is Chappar which lies on Degana-Churu-Rewari broad gauge line of Northern Western Railways. The nearest Airport is Jaipur International Airport (Sanganer) which is at a distance of 215 km from Chappar. It is known for black bucks but it is also home to a variety of birds. Here is a famous sanctuary known as Tal Chhapar Sanctuary

The Tal Chhapar Sanctuary is located on the fringe of the Great Indian Desert. Tal Chhapar nestles a unique refuge of the most elegant antelope encountered in India, "the Black buck". Tal Chhaper sanctuary, with almost flat tract and interspersed shallow, low-lying areas, has open grassland with scattered Acacia and prosopis trees which give it an appearance of a typical Savanna. The word "Tal" means plane land. The rain water flows through shallow, low-lying areas and collect in the small seasonal water ponds.

The geology of the zone is obscured by the wind blown over-burden. Some small hillocks and exposed rocks of slate and quartzite are found in the western side of the sanctuary. Area between hillocks and the sanctuary constitutes the watershed area of the sanctuary. The whole sanctuary used to be flooded by water during the heavy rains but with salt mining going on, rain water from the hillocks hardly reaches the sanctuary.

Churu

Churu is a city in the desert region of Rajasthan state of India. It is known as gateway to the Thar Desert of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarter of Churu District. It lies in the Thar Desert on the National Highway-65 connecting Pali to Ambala and is a junction station on the railway line to Bikaner. It is near the shifting sand dunes of the Thar Desert and has grand havelis with marvelous fresco paintings, namely Kanhaiya Lal Bagla Ki Haweli and Surana Haweli, with hundreds of small windows. It also has some fine Chhatris. Near the town is a religious seat of the Nath sect of Sadhus where there are life-size marble statues of their deities and a place for prayers. At the centre of the town is a fort built about 500 years ago.

Churu (Lok Sabha constituency)

Churu Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: चुरु लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 25 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Rajasthan state in India.

Churu Junction railway station

Churu Junction railway station is a main railway station in Churu district, Rajasthan. Its code is CUR. It serves Churu city.

Institute of Advanced Studies in Education

The Institute of Advanced Studies in Education (IASE) is a deemed university in Sardarshahar, Rajasthan, India. The university is accredited as a "B+" institute by the NAAC.it is located in Churu District of Rajasthan.Iase is a deemed university recognised by ugc under section u/s 3 of ugc act-1956vide notification by MHRD no f.9-29/2000-u.3.Govt.of India. iase university is affiliated by govt.of India, MHRD notification on declaring the institute as Deemed to be University under f.9-6/81-u.3 dated 25 October 1983. IASE University's registrar is Dr.R.S Tripathy.

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Churu

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Churu is one of the approximately 565 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas in India. This school is located in Sardarshahar near Churu, Rajasthan about 130 kilometres from Bikaner. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas are Indian schools for talented children. They form a part of the system of gifted education. The objectives of the scheme are to provide good quality modern education to the talented children predominantly from the rural areas, irrespective of their family's socio-economic condition.

The Vidyalaya is aimed at choosing and nurturing the academically talented children from the area and fecilitating impartment of quality education to them, with a special focus on the rural area. This is evident by the fact that as much as 80% of the seats are reserved for the candidates hailing from the rural areas of the district. The idea is to make quality education accessible to the children in the rural areas who otherwise may be deprived of it in spite of their academic prowess.

OPJS University

OPJS University (Om Parkash Jogender Singh University) is a State Private Univetsity Located in Churu District of Rajasthan,INDIA. It is Accredited by University Grants Commission Under Section 2 of UGC Act 1956 & State Govt Act 33. It is also Affiliated with Authorised Educational Councils Such as AICTE, NCTE, BCI, PCI & COA. .

Rajaldesar

Rajaldesar is a City and a Municipality in Churu District in the Indian State of Rajasthan. Rajaldesar is well connected through Indian Railways.

Rajgarh, Rajasthan

Rajgarh (Rajasthani: राजगढ़) is a town and tehsil in the Churu district of northern part of Rajasthan state in India. The railway station in Rajgarh is known as Sadulpur. To distinguish Rajgarh from places with similar names, Sadulpur has become a synonym of town's name in recent times. It is close to the Haryana border. Sadulpur Railway Junction lies on Bikaner-Churu-Sadulpur-Delhi, Hisar-Sadulpur-Loharu-Rewari and Hisar-Sadulpur-Churu railway routes.

Ratan Lal Joshi

Ratan Lal Joshi was an Indian independence activist, journalist, writer . Born on 28 June 1922 at Churu, a desert city in the Indian state of Rajastan, he was involved with the Indian freedom struggle from the age of 18 and suffered incarceration during the Quit India movement. Choosing journalism as a career, he joined Harijan weekly founded by Mahatma Gandhi and trained under the then chief editor, Kishorelal Bhai Mashrulawa. Later, he worked at several publishing houses and edited journals such as Bhai-Bahin, Samaj Sewak, Veer Bhoomi, Rajasthan, Rajasthan Samaj, and Kul Lakshmi. Lal kile main, Krantikari Prer ne Ke Srot and Mrityunjayee are three books published by him.After the Indian independence, Joshi was associated with several organizations. He was the founder president of Shaheed Smarak Eavam Swadhinata Sangram Shodh Sansthan, a Jaipur-based organization, Secretary of the All-India Freedom Fighters' Organisation and a member of the presidium of the Rajasthan Freedom Fighters’ Organisation. During early 1970s he was a close advisor of Indira Gandhi.

. He died on 19 September 2006, at Mumbai, at the age of 84.

Ratangarh, Churu

Ratangarh (रतनगढ) is a town in the Churu district in Rajasthan, India. Ratangarh was previously called Kolasar. It is famous for grand havelis (mansions) with frescoes, which is an architectural specialty of the Shekhawati region. Ratangarh is also famous for its handicraft work.

Ratannagar

Ratannagar (Heritage city) is a city and a municipality in Churu district in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Sagat Singh

Lieutenant General Sagat Singh, PVSM (14 July 1918 – 26 September 2001) was a three-star General in the Indian Army notable for his participation in invasion of Goa and later in Bangladesh. He held many prestigious command and staff appointments throughout his military career.

Salasar Balaji

Salasar Balaji or Salasar Dham in India is a place of religious importance for the devotees of Hanuman. It is located in the town of Salasar, on National Highway 65 near Sujangarh in Churu district, Rajasthan. The temple of Balaji founded by a Jat is situated in the middle of Salasar and attracts innumerable worshippers throughout the year. On Chaitra Purnima and Ashvin Purnima, large fairs are organised that attract devotees as they pay homage to the deity.

Salasar Balaji is in the religious circuit that includes the pilgrim centres of Rani Sati Temple, Jeen Mata and Khatushyamji, which are located close to it. Initially a small construction, the temple of Salasar Balaji is now considered to be a Shakti Sthal (a shrine) and Swayambhu (self creation) by faith, belief, miracles and wish fulfilments of the devotees.

Sardarshahar

Sardarshahar is a small city in the Churu district of Rajasthan, India. It is also the seat of Rajasthan legislative assemblyl. The city is named after Sardar Singh, a Maharaja of Bikaner. It is famous for grand havelis(mansions) with frescoes,Clock Tower(Ghanta Ghar),Ichha Purna Balaji Mandir and Acharya Shri Mahapragya Samadhi Sthal-(Shanti Peeth).It is also famous for its handicraft work, sliver work and wood works.

It is the Birthplace of Eleventh Acharya(Religious head)-Acharyashri Mahashramanji of Shri Jain Terapanthi Sect. Sardarshahr is also famous for sweets.

Sujangarh

Sujangarh is a city in the Churu district in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan, India. Sujangarh is on the Ambala-Pali Highway (NH 65) and Hanumangarh-Kishangarh Mega Highway.

Taranagar

Taranagar is a city and a municipality in Churu district in the Indian state of Rajasthan, situated at 28° 41'N 75° 3'E, about 120 miles northeast of Bikaner. Taranagar was earlier known as Reni, named for the lady Rinkali who came here to live from Vishalnagar Koyalapatan, currently Foga in Sardarshar (Rajasthan). Reni was the headquarters of the nizamat and the tehsil of the same name in the state of Bikaner in Rajputana. The nizamat consisted of five eastern tehsils of Bhadra, Churu, Nohar, Rajgarh and Reni. In 1948, the town was renamed for King Tara Singh, who ruled it in mid-18th century.

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