Church of Pakistan

The Church of Pakistan is a united church in Pakistan, which is part of the Anglican Communion and a member of the World Communion of Reformed Churches[3] and the World Methodist Council.

Along with the Church of North India, the Church of Pakistan is a successor of the Church of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon (CIPBC), which was earlier known as the Church of India, Burma and Ceylon (CIBC).[4]

Church of Pakistan
ClassificationProtestant
OrientationAnglican, Methodist, Reformed
PolityEpiscopal
ModeratorHumphrey Peters
AssociationsAnglican Communion, World Council of Churches, World Communion of Reformed Churches,[1]
Christian Conference of Asia
Origin1970
Pakistan
Merger ofAnglicans, Methodists, Presbyterians and Lutherans
SeparationsChurch of Bangladesh (1974)
Members500,000[2]
Ministers600[2]
Official website[1]

Establishment of the church

It was established in 1970 with a union of Anglicans, Scottish Presbyterians (Church of Scotland), United Methodists, and Lutherans. It is the only united church in South Asia which involves Lutherans. Though united, it is mainly Anglican in theology and outlook, since Anglicans form the bulk of the 800,000 strong membership and most of the important episcopal sees.

The church has two theological seminaries: the Gujranwala Theological Seminary and St. Thomas' Theological College, Karachi.

List of dioceses

The Diocese of Sialkot is a member of the World Communion of Reformed Churches. Today, the whole Church of Pakistan is listed as a member on the WCRC website. The Sialkot Diocese has more than 40,400 members in 45 congregations and 28 house fellowships. It adheres to the Apostles Creed, Heidelberg Catechism, Westminster Shorter Catechism and Nicene Creed.[3]

Diocese of Raiwind

Church in Murree, Pakistan
The church in Murree

Diocese of Raiwind is one of the 8 Dioceses of the Church of Pakistan and came into being in 1980, 10 years after the Church Union in which Anglicans, Scottish Presbyterian, Lutherans and the Methodist amalgamated to form the Church of Pakistan. Dor within its Episcopal jurisdiction comprises the former United Methodist Mission areas and is predominantly rural and semi-urban. The central diocesan office is in Lahore, based at 17-Warris Road. The Diocesan area stretches out from Warris Road, almost 65 miles South of Lahore. Diocese of Raiwind has more than 26000 members in 38 congregations and six departments and 11 Schools. The main ministries of the Diocese are Pastoral Care, Village Schools, Sunday School Ministry, Peace Building, Hostel for poor children, Youth Empowerment, Women Empowerment, Special Education.

Relation with the Anglican realignment

The Church of Pakistan is a member of the Global South. Moderator and Primate Humphrey Peters is a supporter of the Anglican realignment, and he attended the Anglican Church in North America meeting of the College of Bishops, in Orlando, Florida, at 6-10 January 2014.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Database (undated). "Member Churches" Archived 21 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. World Communion of Reformed Churches. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Church of Pakistan". World Council of Churches. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b Database (9 February 2006). "Sialkot Diocese of the Church of Pakistan". Reformed Online. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  4. ^ Dalal, Roshen (18 April 2014). The Religions of India: A Concise Guide to Nine Major Faiths. Penguin Books Limited. p. 177. ISBN 9788184753967.
  5. ^ Communiqué from the College of Bishops, January 2014, ACNA Official Website

Bibliography

All Saints Church, Peshawar

All Saints' Church located inside the Kohati Gate of the old walled city of Peshawar in Pakistan, is a parish of the Church of Pakistan. It is an architecturally unique place of Christian worship that bears a striking resemblance to an Islamic saracenic mosque with minarets and a dome.

Azad Marshall

Azad Marshall is a Pakistani-born Anglican bishop. He is the sixth Bishop of the Anglican Church in the Islamic Republic of Iran, a diocese of the Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East in the Anglican Communion, since 2007. He is married to Lesley, who directs a ministry to underprivileged women in Pakistan. They have two children, Michelle, married to Mark Samuel, and their son Joshua, who is a university student.

Marshall was educated at the University of the Punjab, in Pakistan, from which he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He also studied at Ramsey House Theological College in Cambridge, England. He holds the Master of Divinity Degree from Gujranwala Theological Seminary in Pakistan, and the Master of Theology degree from the London School of Theology.

Beginning in 1976, Marshall served with the "Send the Light Trust" in Iran and then served on two ships as part of their International team for promoting "Good books" and providing humanitarian aid around the world.

In 1980, he founded Church Foundation Seminars, a Church-related teaching and training ministry to strengthen pastors and leaders. in 1985, he founded the Institute for Basic Adult Development and Training, a literacy and vocational training program. At present it operates 250 Centers to bring about more than 100,000 students. Azad also founded the Prince of Peace Library and Center to bring about reconciliation among the Christian and Muslim communities of Shanti Nagar, Pakistan, and to promote peace.

Ordained as a Deacon in 1987 and a Presbyter in 1988, in the Church of Pakistan, Marshall served as the Vicar of St. Andrew's Church, Lahore. In 1994 he was consecrated Bishop by the Church of Pakistan to serve the Urdu-speaking congregations in the Gulf States. The following year he was made an Associate Bishop in the Province of the Middle East.

In 2003, Bishop Azad was appointed Vicar General in the Province of Jerusalem and the Middle East to have Episcopal oversight of the Church in Iran. In 2007, he was installed as Sixth Bishop of Iran and, in 2009, he was also made Assistant Bishop in the Diocese of Cyprus and the Gulf for Urdu-speaking Congregations. That same year he was elected as a member of the Standing Committee of the Anglican Consultative Council and also President of the National Council of Churches in Pakistan.

He is a supporter of the Anglican realignment and the Anglican Church in North America, and he addressed the meeting of their College of Bishops, held in Orlando, Florida, in January 2013.Nashotah House conferred upon Bishop Azad Marshall the degree of Doctor of Divinity, honoris causa.

On 8 January 2016. Bishop Azad was elected Coadjutor Bishop of Raiwind Diocese, at the Church of Pakistan. He was enthroned as Bishop of Raiwind on 20 August 2017.

Bishop of Lahore

The Bishop of Lahore was the Ordinary of the Anglican Church in Lahore from its inception in 1877 until the foundation of the Church of India, Burma and Ceylon in 1927; and since then head of one of its most prominent Dioceses. Since 1970, the diocese of Lahore has been a part of the Church of Pakistan.

Cathedral Church of the Resurrection

The Cathedral Church of the Resurrection aka Lahore Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in the heart of Lahore, Pakistan. It was built on The Mall in 1887, opposite the Lahore High Court. It was consecrated on January 25, 1887.

It is the seat of the Diocese of Lahore, of the Church of Pakistan. The cathedral is in the Neo-Gothic style of architecture. It was originally built out of pink sandstone by architect John Oldrid Scott (son of George Gilbert Scott). In 1898, two towers with tall steeples were added to the building, but the steeples were taken down after the earthquake of 1911.

The Cathedral Church is commonly referred to by Lahoris as Kukar Girja (Girja being a Hindi/Urdu word meaning 'church' originating from Portuguese igreja) because of a weather cock that was mounted on the central lantern, one of the highest points.

A treasure of the Cathedral is the ancient Saint Thomas Cross of Saint Thomas Christians excavated in 1935 near the site of the ancient city of Sirkap, although its antiquity is disputed . The structure is also well known for its stained glass windows, pipe organ, and a clock that dates back to 1862.

Catholic Church in Pakistan

The Catholic Church in Pakistan is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome.

There are over one million Catholics in Pakistan, which represents less than 1% of the total population. There are 7 ecclesiastical units in Pakistan comprising 2 archdioceses, 4 dioceses, and one Apostolic Vicariate, all Latin Rite.

The Catholic Church in Pakistan is also active in education managing leading schools like Saint Patrick's High School, Karachi, health and other social aspects of daily life in addition to its spiritual work. In 2008 the Catholic Church runs 534 schools, 53 hostels, 8 colleges, 7 technical institutes and 8 catechetical centers.Joseph Cordeiro, Archbishop of Karachi, became the first Pakistani Cardinal elevated to the position by Pope Paul VI on 5 March 1973.

Pope John Paul II visited Pakistan on 16 February 1981.Pope John Paul II received the President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf in a private audience in the Vatican on 30 September 2004. In 2004 President Pervez Musharraf began hosting an annual Christmas dinner as an expression of seasonal goodwill.

For the first time in the country’s history, Shahbaz Bhatti, a Catholic, became the federal minister for minorities in 2008. Bhatti was assassinated on 2 March 2011.Pope Benedict XVI met the Catholic bishops of Pakistan on 19 June 2008. The bishops were in Rome for their ad limina visit.On 20 May 2018, Pope Francis announced he would make Archbishop Joseph Coutts of Karachi, a cardinal in the consistory scheduled for 29 June.

Christ Church Rawalpindi

The Christ Church Rawalpindi is situated in the city of Rawalpindi, Pakistan. It was built in 1852 in the gothic style. The church is situated in Lalkurti in cantonment area on Iftikhar Janjua Road beside PC Hotel. The church is considered among the oldest buildings in Rawalpindi.

Church of India, Burma and Ceylon

The Church of India, Burma and Ceylon (CIBC) was the autonomous ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion in British India.The first Anglican diocese in India was established in 1813, the Diocese of Calcutta, which became the metropolitan see of the Church of India, Burma and Ceylon. The Church of India, Burma and Ceylon spread as missionaries from the Church Mission Society travelled throughout the Indian Empire. By 1930, the Church of India, Burma and Ceylon (CIBC) had fourteen dioceses across the Indian Empire. Bishops from India were present at the first Lambeth Conference.After partition of India in 1947, the Church of India, Burma and Ceylon became known as the Church of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon (CIPBC). It published its own version of the Book of Common Prayer, which served as its authorised liturgical text.Later in 1947, four southern dioceses left the CIPBC and merged with South Indian Methodists and South Indian Presbyterians & Congregationalists to form the Church of South India. In 1970, ecumenical dialogue led to the merger of the Church of India, Burma and Ceylon with other Protestant Christian denominations (including the Scottish Presbyterians, United Methodists and Lutherans), thus creating the Church of North India and Church of Pakistan.

Church of South India

The Church of South India (CSI) is the second largest Christian church in India based on the number of members and is result of union of Anglican and number of Protestant churches in South India.

The Church of South India is the successor of a number of Anglican and Protestant denominations in India, including the Church of England, the British Methodist Church and the Church of Scotland after Indian Independence. It combined the South India United Church (union of the British Congregationalists and the British Presbyterians); the then 14 Anglican Dioceses of South India and one in Sri Lanka; and the South Indian District of the Methodist church. With a membership of nearly four million, CSI is one of four united churches in the Anglican Communion, the others being the Church of North India, the Church of Pakistan and the Church of Bangladesh.The inspiration for the Church of South India was born from ecumenism and inspired by the words of Jesus Christ as recorded in the Gospel of John (17.21). Just like the United Church of Christ (Congregationalist), one of their forbearer denominations, their motto is:

That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.'

"That they all may be one" is also the motto of the Church of South India.

Holy Trinity Cathedral (Karachi)

Holy Trinity Cathedral is the seat of the Church of Pakistan, Diocese of Karachi, situated on Fatima Jinnah Road, near Zainab Market, in Karachi, Pakistan.

Idara-e-Amn-o-Insaf

The Idara-e-Aman-o Insaf (Committee for Peace and Justice) was set up in 1974 by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Karachi and the Church of Pakistan in Karachi. The organisation serves the people irrespective of tribe, clan, colour or creed.For the past 30 years, the Committee for Justice and Peace, has worked for poor and marginalised Christians and Muslims, labouring to obtain for them basic employment rights. It has also assisted women, provided information on issues such as the discriminatory Blasphemy Laws, and undertaken programmes with local human rights groups.

The Idare-e Amn-O-Insaf is an NGO. It's Pakistan-based and run by Pakistani Christians. The charity deals with social and labor issues, while it also publishes a magazine called "Jafakash" (Hard Worker). A recent issue dealt with Pakistan's controversial blasphemy laws.On 25 September 2002, the brutal murders of seven Christians at the Idare-e Amn-O-Insaf office in Karachi, shocked the world. These vicious, premeditated murders were the latest in a series of acts of violence targeting the Christian minority community in Pakistan. In recent months, Pakistani Christians have suffered from the mass murder of 16 (and a Muslim policeman) in Bahawalpur (28 October 2001), five in Islamabad (16 March 2002), six in Murree Christian School (5 August 2002) and four in Mission Hospital Taxila (9 August 2002).There are two similar organizations for Social Action in Pakistan: the Human Development Center Toba Tek Singh and the Justice & Peace Commission - Multan. There is also a National Commission for Justice and Peace of the Catholic Church in Pakistan. In 2009, Peter Jacob was the executive secretary of the NCJP and Archbishop Lawrence Saldanha was the chairperson of the Commission.

List of churches in Pakistan

This is a list of churches throughout Pakistan, at present. It is a dynamic list, in alphabetical order by names of cities/towns etc. and can be added to as per the accepted format below.

Presbyterian Church of Pakistan

Presbyterian Church of Pakistan is a major Protestant denomination of Pakistan. The Church of Pakistan is another Christian denomination. The Presbyterian Church of Pakistan has a membership of around 400,000 in 340 congregations served by 330 pastors. It was constituted in 1993. It belongs to the World Communion of Reformed Churches as well as to the World Council of Churches, among others. It has schools.

Protestantism in Pakistan

Protestants are a minority of less than 2% of the population of Pakistan. In the 1990s Christians were imprisoned on blasphemy charges. There is an endeavour by some Muslims to convert Christians. In 2005 schools and churches were burned in an anti-Christian riot in the major city of Faisalabad. The Pakistani Anti-blasphemy-laws are used to terrorize religious minorities.

There have been a number of attacks on Pakistani Christians by Islamists in recent years.

Samuel Azariah

Samuel Sammy Robert Azariah (born Gujarat, 31 August 1949) is a Pakistani Anglican bishop. He is married to Khushnud and they have three daughters.

Sialkot Cathedral

The Holy Trinity Cathedral Church (Sialkot Cathedral) is located in Sialkot Pakistan. Its first stone was laid on March 1, 1852. It is located in the Sialkot Cantonment on The Mall (Quaid-i-Azam Road). The church was consecrated by the Rt. Rev Daniel Wilson, Bishop of Calcutta, on January 30, 1857, Sialkot at the time being in the Diocese of Calcutta.

St. John's Church (Jhelum)

St. John's Church is an Anglican church, now under the Church of Pakistan, located in Jhelum cantonment, Pakistan, beside the river Jhelum. It was built in 1860 and is a landmark of the city. It is a Protestant church and was in use during the British colonial period. For forty years it remained closed, but has been renovated and reopened.On 7 July 1857, 35 British soldiers of the 24th Regiment of Foot were killed by mutineers in Jhelum during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Among the dead was Captain Francis Spring, the eldest son of Colonel William Spring. The church was built to commemorate the eventual British victory in the rebellion, and a lectern now stands in the church as a memorial to the dead British soldiers.

St. Luke's Church, Abbottabad

St Luke's Church, Abbottabad is an Anglican church dedicated to Saint Luke, now under the jurisdiction of the Peshawar Diocese of the Church of Pakistan. It was founded in the town of Abbottabad, British India. in 1864.

The Right Reverend

The Right Reverend (abbreviations: The Rt Revd; The Rt Rev'd; The Rt Rev.) is a style applied to certain religious figures.

In the Anglican Communion and the Roman Catholic Church in Great Britain, it applies to bishops, except that The Most Reverend is used for archbishops (elsewhere, all Roman Catholic bishops are styled as The Most Reverend).

In some churches with a Presbyterian heritage, it applies to the current Moderator of the General Assembly, such as

the current Moderator of the United Church of Canada

the current Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland

the current Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.

the current Moderator of the Presbyterian Church of East Africa.

the current Moderator of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana.

the current Moderator of the Sutlej Reformed Church of PakistanIn the Catholic Church, it applies to abbots of monasteries in the Latin Church and archimandrites in the Eastern Catholic Churches. Monsignors of the ranks of protonotary apostolic and domestic prelate were formerly styled The Right Reverend Monsignor, but the currently correct style for them is The Reverend Monsignor.

In the Eastern Orthodox tradition, bishops are styled "The Right Reverend" whether they are heads of dioceses or vicar bishops. The title is also used for archimandrite-level monastics and for some married priests holding the title of protopresbyter.

In Methodism, as in the Anglican tradition, the style is also applied to bishops of the African Methodist Episcopal Church and the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. Other Methodist denominations, including the United Methodist Church, only use this to refer to district superintendents, not their bishops.

United Presbyterian Church of Pakistan

United Presbyterian Church of Pakistan is a Protestant church located in Gujranwala, Pakistan. As part of the Society of Biblical Christian Churches of Pakistan, the United Presbyterian Church of Pakistan shares Faith Theological Seminary with the Anglican Orthodox Church. Established in 1855, it has a long history. It belongs to the World Reformed Fellowship.

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