Chung-guyok

Chung-guyŏk (Central District) is one of the 19 guyok which constitute the city of Pyongyang, North Korea. The district is located in the center of the city, between the Potong and Taedong Rivers, and is bordered to the north by Moranbong-guyok, to the northwest by Potonggang-guyok, and to the south by Pyongchon-guyok.

Chung-guyŏk
Korean transcription(s)
 • Revised RomanizationJung-guyeok
 • McCune–ReischauerChung-guyŏk
The Grand People's Study House and Kim Il-sung Square (with Ryugyong Hotel in background)
CountryNorth Korea
Administrative divisions19 administrative dong

Overview

As the centre of Pyongyang, the district holds many of the city's most important buildings. The famous Kim Il-sung Square is located along the banks of the Taedong river, together with the Grand People's Study House, which is the national library of North Korea.[1] Chung-guyok was once the historical centre of Pyongyang, and was almost completely obliterated during the Korean War by American bombing. Vestiges of the old city can still be seen, and the district is home to several of North Korea's National Treasures, including the rebuilt Potong and Taedong Gates, the Pyongyang Bell, the Ryongwang Pavilion, and the Sungryong and Sungin Halls.[2] Other buildings include the Koryo Hotel, Taedonggang Hotel, Pyongyang First Department Store, The National Stamp museum of the DPRK, The Pyongyang Central Children's palace and Taedongmoon Cinema.

The Pyongyang Metro runs through this district, with stops at Yonggwang, Ponghwa and Sungri stations. Pyongyang's central railway station is also located here.

Executive offices of the North Korean government and its industry are located in the area. This is also the headquarters borough of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea.

Economy

Air Koryo has a booking office in Tongsŏng-dong.[3]

Administrative divisions

Chung-guyok is divided into nineteen administrative districts known as dong.[4]

Chosŏn'gŭl Hancha
Ch'anggwang-dong 창광동
Chongro-dong 종로동
Chungsŏng-dong 중성동
Haebangsan-dong 해방산동 解放
Kyogu-dong 교구동
Kyŏngrim-dong 경림동
Kyŏngsang-dong 경상동
Mansu-dong 만수동
Oesŏng-dong 외성동
Ot'an-dong 오탄동
Pot'ongmun-dong 보통문동
Ryŏnhwa-dong 련화동
Ryusŏng-dong 류성동
Sŏch'ang-dong 서창동 西
Sŏmun-dong 서문동 西
Taedongmun-dong 대동문동
Tong'an-dong 동안동
Tonghŭng-dong 동흥동
Tongsŏng-dong 동성동
Yŏkchŏn-dong 역전동

References

  1. ^ The Grand People's Study House of the DPR of Korea. UN System Depository Libraries. Retrieved on August 31, 2008.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2009-05-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Contact Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine." Air Koryo. Retrieved on August 6, 2009.
  4. ^ http://nk.joins.com/map/i002.htm

Coordinates: 39°00′00″N 125°44′24″E / 39.00000°N 125.74000°E

Chongnyu Pavilion

The Chongnyu Pavilion or Chongryu Pavilion is an historic structure located on Moran Hill in Kyongsang-dong, Chung-guyok, Pyongyang, North Korea. It is another gate to the walled city of Pyongyang.The colorfully painted pavilion has a crane-shaped roof propped up by ten pillars. It was built during the period of the Koguryo kingdom, and rebuilt in 1716. The structure was damaged during the Korean War, but has since been rebuilt by the government in 1959.

Jung District

Jung District (Hangul: 중구; Hanja: 中區; RR: Jung-gu; MR: Chung'gu), meaning "Central District," is the name of a gu (district) in several South Korean cities:

Jung District, Busan

Jung District, Daegu

Jung District, Daejeon

Jung District, Incheon

Jung District, Seoul

Jung District, Ulsan

Maritime Administration (North Korea)

Maritime Administration of DPR Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl: 국가해사감독국 소개문), also known as North Korea Maritime Administration Bureau (MAB), is the North Korean maritime authority.MAB offers a searchable database for North Korean merchant navy ships and seafarers on its website. Unlike many other shipping databases, MAB offers its ship and person data without requiring registration or membership for access.The director-general of MAB in 2012 was Ko Nung-du. He signed the notification for International Maritime Organization about Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 launch.MAB has a sports team in the annual Paektusan Prize Games of Civil Servants.

Moranbong-guyok

Moranbong-guyŏk (Chosŏn'gŭl: 모란봉구역), or the Moranbong District, is one of the 19 guyŏk which constitute the capital city of Pyongyang, North Korea. It is located north of Chung-guyok, the city's central district, and is bordered to the north by Sosong and Taesong-guyoks, to the east by the Taedong River, and the west by the Potong River and Potonggang-guyok. It is named after Moran Hill located in the district's west area ("Moran" is Korean for peony). It was designated a guyŏk in October 1960 by the Pyongyang City People's Committee.

National Treasure (North Korea)

A National Treasure (국보; 國寶 : gugbo) is a tangible artifact, site, or building deemed by the Government of North Korea to have significant historical or artistic value to the country.

Natural monuments of North Korea

This is a partial list of the natural monuments of North Korea. A total of 935 natural monuments have been designated.

North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK or DPR Korea) (Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands.In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States. Negotiations on reunification failed, and in 1948, separate governments were formed: the socialist Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the capitalist Republic of Korea in the south. An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War (1950–1953). The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, but no peace treaty was signed.North Korea officially describes itself as a "self-reliant" socialist state, and formally holds elections, though said elections have been described by outside observers as sham elections. Outside observers also generally view North Korea as a Stalinist totalitarian dictatorship, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family. The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), led by a member of the ruling family, holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members. Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution in 1972. The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms. Most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded. From 1994 to 1998, North Korea suffered a famine that resulted in the deaths of between 240,000 and 420,000 people, and the population continues to suffer malnutrition. North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy. It is the country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve and paramilitary personnel, or approximately 37% of its population. Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the fourth largest in the world, after China, the United States and India; consisting of 4.8% of its population. It possesses nuclear weapons.The UN inquiry into human rights in North Korea concluded that, "The gravity, scale and nature of these violations reveal a state that does not have any parallel in the contemporary world". The North Korean regime strongly denies most allegations, accusing international organizations of fabricating human rights abuses as part of a smear campaign with the covert intention of undermining the state, although they admit that there are human rights issues relating to living conditions which the regime is attempting to correct.In addition to being a member of the United Nations since 1991, the sovereign state is also a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, G77 and the ASEAN Regional Forum.

Ongryu Bridge

Ongryu Bridge, also spelled Okryu Bridge andOngnyu Bridge, is a bridge on the Taedong River in Pyongyang, North Korea. Construction began in March 1958; the bridge was opened in August 1960.Located between the old Taedong Bridge before it and the Rungra Bridge above it, it is the fourth (heading upstream) of six Pyongyang bridges on the Taedong. It connects Chung-guyok on the Taedong's right (west) bank to Taedonggang-guyok on the left bank. The famous restaurant Okryu-gwan is near its right foot, while the Juche Tower is located just south of its left foot.

Pyongchon-guyok

P'yŏngch'ŏn-guyŏk (P'yŏngch'ŏn District) is one of the 19 guyŏk (political districts or wards) of P'yŏngyang, North Korea. It is bordered by the Taedong River in the south and the Potong River in the north and west, and to the east by Chung-guyŏk, from which it is separated by the yard area of P'yŏngyang railway station. It was established as a guyŏk in October 1960 by the P'yŏngyang City People's Committee through a mandate of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea.

Pyongyang

Pyongyang, P'yŏngyang or Pyeongyang (US: , UK: ; Korean pronunciation: [pʰjʌŋ.jaŋ]), is the capital and largest city of North Korea. Pyongyang is located on the Taedong River about 109 kilometres (68 mi) upstream from its mouth on the Yellow Sea. According to the 2008 population census, it has a population of 3,255,288. The city was split from the South Pyongan province in 1946. It is administered as a directly-administered city (직할시; 直轄市; chikhalsi) with equal status to provinces, the same as special cities in South Korea (특별시; 特別市; teukbyeolsi), including Seoul.

Pyongyang Chewing Gum Factory

The Pyongyang Chewing Gum Factory is a factory that manufactures chewing gum in Pyongyang, North Korea. The plant is run by Korea Ponghwa General.According to the Korean Central News Agency, it began operation in October 2003 in a 4,400 square metres (47,000 sq ft) floor area facility, located on a 11,900 square metres (128,000 sq ft) plot of land in Rakrang-guyok. Its annual production capacity was reported to be 1,200 tons. In 2008, it moved to a new location on Tong'il Street, Chung-guyok. The new building was constructed by soldiers from the Korean People's Army. Kim Jong-il made an inspection of the factory in January 2009. A picture book featuring the factory was published by Korea Pictorial in 2010.Among their products is Unbangul Chewing Gum (은방울 껌). The KCNA reports that it strengthens gums and teeth, prevents dental caries, counteracts tartar and halitosis, and promotes digestion and cerebration. Available flavours include grape, mint, and strawberry, in flat, round, and square shapes. The main ingredients of the gum are edible rubber, sugar, glycerine, flavouring, and natural food colouring.

Pyongyang Station

Pyongyang Station (Korean: 평양역) is the central railway station of P'yŏngyang, North Korea. It is located in Yŏkchŏn-dong, Chung-guyŏk.

Special cities of North Korea

Special cities are one of the first-level administrative divisions within North Korea. There are two top-level cities in North Korea: Pyongyang and Rason.

Sungin Hall

Sungin Hall (Hangul: 숭인전, Hanja: 崇仁殿) built in 1325 is one of the earliest shrines located at Chongno-dong, Chung-guyok, Pyongyang, North Korea. It has been registered as No.4 National Treasure of North Korea. The hall faces Sungnyong Hall of Pyongyang students' palace.

Originally, the hall included 10 another wings including annexes, grand gates (in each directions) and quarters. During Korean War, several annexes were demolished yet quarter and grate gate were restored, which was finally moved to the current site.

Built during Goryeo Dynasty, the hall shows the characteristics of architectural style during 14th century of Korea. A gable roof was decorated with beautiful dancheong, multicolored paintwork on wooden building. It is a notable feature that pillars in the corner comes forward compared to those in center, with a view to hold the stability of the building.

Sungni Station

Sungni Station is a station on Chŏllima Line of the Pyongyang Metro.

Taedonggang-guyok

Taedonggang-guyŏk (Korean: 대동강구역), or Taedong River District, is one of the 19 guyŏk, and one of the six that constitute East Pyongyang, North Korea. Taedonggang-guyŏk is on the eastern bank of the Taedong River, north of Tongdaewŏn-guyŏk and west of Sadong-guyŏk (Sadong District). It was established in January 1958.

Taedongmoon Cinema

Taedongmoon Cinema (Chosŏn'gŭl: 대동문영화관; RR: Taedongmun-Yeonghwagwan) is a movie theater located in Sungri Street, Chung-guyok, Pyongyang, North Korea. The cinema is located near the Taedong River.Taedongmoon Cinema was built in 1955. It's architectural style is that of retro; faux ancient Greek columns line its facade. Originally it had only a single screen, but since renovations to the interior in 2008 there have been two.It is considered the most important cinema of Pyongyang and serves as the flagship cinema for domestic film screenings. Occasionally, when foreign films are screened, the screening is for an invited audience only with no access by the general public. It is also used for screenings of the Pyongyang International Film Festival.

Tongil Station

Tongil Station is a station on Chŏllima Line of the Pyongyang Metro.

Yonggwang Station

Yŏnggwang Station is a metro station on the Mangyongdae Line of the Pyongyang Metro.

Before the rules were relaxed in 2010, it was one of the only two stations that tourists could visit, the other one being Puhung Station. These two stations are the most finely decorated in the system, to cater to tourists, and also were the last two to be completed. The station features murals on either side of the tunnel, 80 metres (260 ft) long each.

Districts
Counties

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