Chuck Knox

Charles Robert Knox (April 27, 1932 – May 12, 2018) was an American football coach at the high school, collegiate and professional levels. He served as head coach of three National Football League (NFL) teams, the Los Angeles Rams (twice), Seattle Seahawks, and Buffalo Bills. He was a three-time AP NFL Coach of the Year and is a member of the Seahawks Ring of Honor.

Chuck Knox
Personal information
Born:April 27, 1932
Sewickley, Pennsylvania
Died:May 12, 2018 (aged 86)
Anaheim, California
Career information
High school:Sewickley High School
College:Juniata College
Career history
As coach:
Career highlights and awards
Head coaching record
Regular season:186–147 (.559)
Postseason:7–11 (.389)
Career:193–158 (.550)
Coaching stats at PFR

Early life

Knox was born in the Pittsburgh suburb of Sewickley, Pennsylvania. Whenever Knox felt something was common sense, he said it was "eighth-grade Sewickley."[1][2][3][4][5]

The son of a steel worker who had emigrated from Ireland and a Scottish-born mother, Knox developed into a 190-pound (86 kg) tackle at Juniata College in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, playing on both sides of the ball and serving as co-captain of the 1953 unit, the first undefeated team in school history. He also competed in track and graduated in 1954.[3][5][6][7][8][9]

Early coaching career

Knox then served as an assistant at Juniata that fall. The following year he became an assistant coach at Tyrone High School, then began the first of three years as head coach at Ellwood City High School in 1956.[9][10][11]

Building on his success, Knox then moved back to the colleges, serving two seasons as an assistant under Paul Amen at Wake Forest University in 1959. He then joined Blanton Collier's staff at the University of Kentucky in 1961, and stayed the following year under new mentor Charlie Bradshaw. In both these places, Knox learned the concepts of organization, discipline and a focus on fundamentals. While at Kentucky, Knox was on the staff of Bradshaw's infamous first team, which was known forever as the Thin Thirty.[3][9]

On May 8, 1963, he was hired as offensive line coach of the American Football League's New York Jets by head coach Weeb Ewbank. Over the next four years as the lead contact for recruiting quarterback Joe Namath, Knox helped build a line that protected Namath, eventually leading to a victory over the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III. However, by voluntarily leaving the Jets in 1967 he denied himself what would have been the only Super Bowl ring in his career as the Jets won the World Championship in 1968.[3][9][12]

Knox then moved to the Detroit Lions on February 13, 1967 under new head coach Joe Schmidt, spending six seasons in the Motor City. Despite some impressive stretches, the Lions only reached the postseason once during this period, losing a 5-0 road contest to the Dallas Cowboys in 1970. However, Knox developed effectively cohesive offensive lines and developed pass-blocking techniques that are now standard in blocking fundamentals. Additionally, he proved a progressive coach by playing Bill Cottrell, an African American, at center. "There was an unwritten rule back then", said Cottrell in Hard Knox: The Life of an NFL Coach. "No black quarterbacks, no black middle linebackers, no black centers." Because of Knox's liberal views and ability to relate to players on such a personal level, African American players nicknamed him, "Dolomite." [12][13]

Head coaching career

When Tommy Prothro was dismissed on January 24, 1973, Knox was hired as head coach of the Rams.[3]

Sometimes referred to as 'Ground Chuck' for his team's emphasis on its rushing attack, Knox used a comeback year by veteran quarterback John Hadl to lead the Rams to a 12-2 record during his first season, winning the NFC West title. Knox earned NFC Coach of the Year honors, but in the first round of the playoffs, the team lost to the Cowboys, beginning what would become a frustrating string of playoff defeats for Knox.[3][5][12]

John Hadl became the 1973 NFC Most Valuable Player under Knox, proof that the passing dimension of his offense was as significant as the run game in his system. Six games into the 1974 season, Knox traded John Hadl, whose performance had diminished from his MVP '73 season, to the Green Bay Packers for an unprecedented two first round picks, two second round picks and a third round pick. Knox started James Harris for the remainder of the 1974 season. Harris became the NFL's first African American regular quarterback. Despite two and a half successful seasons, including a 12 and 2 record in 1975 with Harris under center, Some Rams fans remained critical of Harris' play. Eventually, Coach Knox, under pressure from owner Carroll Rosenbloom, was forced to bench Harris in favor of Pat Haden.[12]

Football signed by 1977 LA Rams (1982.130.1)
A football signed by the 1977 Los Angeles Rams, including Coach Knox, Tom Mack, Joe Namath, Pat Haden, and Vince Ferragamo, gifted to President Ford.

Under Knox the Rams won five straight NFC West championships. However each season they faltered in the playoffs. They lost three consecutive NFC Championship games from 1974 to 1976, two of them to the Minnesota Vikings. In the team's rainy first round home playoff game against the Vikings on Monday December 26, 1977, quarterback Pat Haden was having problems handling the wet ball and moving the team. Joe Namath was warming up in preparation for what seemed to be a Hollywood ending in the making, but Knox hesitated and the Rams lost again in what was subsequently called the "Mud Bowl", 14-7. That was it as far as owner Carroll Rosenbloom was concerned and Knox got out before he could get fired. In five seasons as the Rams head coach the team had won five straight NFC West titles with five different starting quarterbacks (John Hadl, Ron Jaworski, Pat Haden, James Harris, and Joe Namath) and had a regular season record of 54-15-1 but a play-off record of only 3-5.[3][12]

On January 11, 1978, Knox left the Rams to sign a $1.2 million, six-year contract with the Bills. The move was in response to the continuing conflict between Knox and team owner Carroll Rosenbloom, with Knox taking over a team that had won only 14 of 28 games during the previous two seasons and missed the playoffs three straight years, while Knox led the Rams to their first consecutive playoff appearances since the great 1949-1952 teams led by Bob Waterfield and Norm Van Brocklin.[12]

In his first year (under the new 16-game schedule), Knox led the Bills to a 5-11 mark. Just two years later, the Bills won the AFC East title with an 11-5 record, but dropped a close battle with the high-powered San Diego Chargers in the divisional playoffs. The following year, his team defeated the Jets in a wild card clash, but then fell to the Cincinnati Bengals. After a 4-5 strike-shortened season in 1982, Knox failed to come to terms on a new contract with team owner Ralph Wilson, and left to accept the head coaching position with the Seahawks on January 26, 1983.[3][4][12]

During his first year in the Northwest, Knox led the team to its first playoff berth, beat the Denver Broncos 31-7 in the wildcard game and then upset the Miami Dolphins 27-20 in the Orange Bowl in the second round. However, the dream died in the AFC Championship game when the Seahawks fell to the Los Angeles Raiders 30-14. Subsequent seasons saw the Seahawks remain competitive, but they did not reach a conference championship game again during his tenure, despite winning Seattle's first AFC West Division Title in 1988.[3][5]

After nine years with Seattle, Knox left on December 27, 1991, having become the first NFL head coach to win division titles with three different teams. Looking to recapture the magic of two decades earlier, Knox returned to the Rams as head coach in 1992. While his tenure saw Jerome Bettis blossom into a star, his teams finished last in the NFC West in each of his three seasons. Additionally, his run-oriented offense was considered too predictable by 1990s NFL standards. He was fired on January 9, 1995.[3]

Knox retired with a mark of 186 wins, 147 losses and 1 tie record, which at the time of his retirement was sixth all-time in wins. His son, Chuck Jr., keeps the family's name alive as an NFL assistant coach, most recently as defensive backs coach of the Minnesota Vikings until 2006.[3]

In 2005, Knox donated $1 million to his alma mater, Juniata, to endow a chair in history, his major at the school. The donation was the largest of many contributions by Knox, with the institution renaming the school's football stadium in his honor in 1998. Quaker Valley High School in Knox's hometown of Sewickley, Pennsylvania has also named its football stadium in his honor.[9][6][14]

In reporting about Knox's $1 million donation, the Seattle Times noted that Knox has been extremely generous in donating substantial money to Juniata and his old high school. The Times also noted that Knox left the games before coaches were paid the large sum of salaries common today and reporters asked whether he was donating away a substantial amount of his retirement fund. Knox answered the reporters this way: "sure it is (a lot of money).....that's what it was going to take to do it".[6]

Close up of those who've hoisted the 12th Man Flag including Chuck Knox.

On September 25, 2005 at age 73, Knox was inducted into the Seattle Seahawks Ring of Honor at Qwest Field in Seattle and is regularly under consideration for nomination into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. In 2015, the Professional Football Researchers Association named Knox to the PFRA Hall of Very Good Class of 2015 [5][15]

Personal life and death

On May 12, 2018, Knox died after a long battle with dementia at the age of 86. He was survived by his wife of 66 years, Shirley, and his children Chris, Kathy, Colleen and Chuck Jr., and six grandchildren.[3][4]

Head coaching record

Team Year Regular Season Post Season
Won Lost Ties Win % Finish Won Lost Win % Result
LA 1973 12 2 0 .857 1st in NFC West 0 1 .000 Lost to Dallas Cowboys in Divisional Game.
LA 1974 10 4 0 .714 1st in NFC West 1 1 .500 Lost to Minnesota Vikings in NFC Championship.
LA 1975 12 2 0 .857 1st in NFC West 1 1 .500 Lost to Dallas Cowboys in NFC Championship.
LA 1976 10 3 1 .769 1st in NFC West 1 1 .500 Lost to Minnesota Vikings in NFC Championship.
LA 1977 10 4 0 .714 1st in NFC West 0 1 .000 Lost to Minnesota Vikings in Divisional Game.
BUF 1978 5 11 0 .313 4th in AFC East
BUF 1979 7 9 0 .438 4th in AFC East
BUF 1980 11 5 0 .688 1st in AFC East 0 1 .000 Lost to San Diego Chargers in Divisional Game.
BUF 1981 10 6 0 .625 3rd in AFC East 1 1 .500 Lost to Cincinnati Bengals in Divisional Game.
BUF 1982 4 5 0 .444 4th in AFC East
BUF Total 37 36 0 .507 1 2 .333
SEA 1983 9 7 0 .563 2nd in AFC West 2 1 .667 Lost to Los Angeles Raiders in AFC Championship.
SEA 1984 12 4 0 .750 2nd in AFC West 1 1 .500 Lost to Miami Dolphins in Divisional Game.
SEA 1985 8 8 0 .500 3rd in AFC West
SEA 1986 10 6 0 .625 2nd in AFC West
SEA 1987 9 6 0 .600 2nd in AFC West 0 1 .000 Lost to Houston Oilers in Wild Card Game.
SEA 1988 9 7 0 .563 1st in AFC West 0 1 .000 Lost to Cincinnati Bengals in Divisional Game.
SEA 1989 7 9 0 .438 4th in AFC West
SEA 1990 9 7 0 .563 3rd in AFC West
SEA 1991 7 9 0 .438 4th in AFC West
SEA Total 80 63 0 .559 3 4 .429
LA 1992 6 10 0 .375 4th in NFC West
LA 1993 5 11 0 .313 4th in NFC West
LA 1994 4 12 0 .250 4th in NFC West
LA Total 69 48 1 .589 3 5 .375
NFL Total[1] 186 147 1 .558 7 11 .389
Total 186 147 1 .558 7 11 .389

Coaching tree

Assistants under Chuck Knox who became NCAA head coaches:

See also


  1. ^ a b "Chuck Knox". Pro Football Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  2. ^ Smith, Craig (November 12, 1993). "Losing streak at 4 for Knox". Seattle Times. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Goldstein, Richard. "Chuck Knox, 3-Time N.F.L. Coach of the Year, Is Dead at 86". New York Times. Arthur Gregg Sulzberger. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Bieler, Des. "'One of the great influencers': Former Seahawks, Rams coach Chuck Knox dies at 86". Washington Post. Fred Ryan. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e "CHUCK KNOX TAKES HIS PLACE IN THE RING OF HONOR". Seahawks Legends. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Carpenter, Les. "School of not so hard Knox". Seattle Times. Frank Blethen. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  7. ^ Joe Scialabba (narrator) (September 18, 2015). The Glory Years of Football (1947-1962) (Video). Juniata College. Retrieved May 14, 2018. - Video talks about Juniata's first undefeated season, and features a picture of Chuck Knox
  8. ^ Farmer, Sam. "Former Rams, Seahawks coach Chuck Knox dies at 86". Los Angeles Times. Ross Levinsohn. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e Farrar, Doug (February 19, 2005). "Chuck Knox - The Last Hard Man". 247 Sports. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  10. ^ "Chuck Knox, former Rams, Seahawks, Bills coach, dies at 86". Associated Press. Associated Press. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  11. ^ "ADVERTISEMENT Q&A: Pat Tarquinio / A high school football coach for half a century, like Joe Paterno he's still going strong". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. John Robinson Block. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Farrar, Doug (September 24, 2005). "Chuck Knox: The Last Hard Man, Part Two". 247 Sports. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  13. ^ Knox, Chuck; Plaschke, Bill (1988). Hard Knox : the life of an NFL coach (1st ed.). San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 0151334501.
  14. ^ "Chuck Knox Stadium turf to be replaced". Quaker Valley School District. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  15. ^ "Professional Researchers Association Hall of Very Good Class of 2015". Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  16. ^
1962 Kentucky Wildcats football team

The 1962 Kentucky Wildcats football team represented the University of Kentucky in the Southeastern Conference during the 1962 college football season. Coached by Charlie Bradshaw, a Bear Bryant disciple, the team was thinned by his brutal methods from 88 players to just 30. The team was thus known as the Thin Thirty. While the team's record was just 3–5–2, it did include a dramatic victory in the season finale against Tennessee in Knoxville, 12–10. The winning margin was provided by a field goal by Clarkie Mayfield, one of the heroes of the game, who later died in the Beverly Hills Supper Club fire on May 28, 1977.Players on the Kentucky team included Tom Hutchinson, Dale Lindsey, and Herschel Turner, all of whom later played in the NFL. Bob Kosid later played in the CFL. Two assistant coaches on the 1962 Kentucky staff, Leeman Bennett and Chuck Knox, later had success as NFL head coaches. Lindsey went on to become a successful NFL assistant coach, notably working with Brian Urlacher and the Chicago Bears.

1975 Pro Bowl

The 1975 Pro Bowl was the NFL's 25th annual all-star game which featured the outstanding performers from the 1974 season. The game was played on Monday, January 20, 1975, at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida. The final score was NFC 17, AFC 10. James Harris of the Los Angeles Rams was named the game's Most Valuable Player.Attendance at the game was 26,484. John Madden of the Oakland Raiders coached the AFC while the NFC was led by the Los Angeles Rams' Chuck Knox. The referee for the game was Dick Jorgensen. It was the first of five straight Pro Bowls played on ABC's Monday Night Football package.

1976 Pro Bowl

The 1976 Pro Bowl was the NFL's 26th annual all-star game which featured the outstanding performers from the 1975 season. The game was played on Monday, January 26, 1976, at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana in front of a crowd of 32,108. The final score was NFC 23, AFC 20. It was also the first Pro Bowl game played indoors.

The game featured the best players in the National Football League as selected by the league's coaches. John Madden of the Oakland Raiders led the AFC team against an NFC team led by Los Angeles Rams head coach Chuck Knox.The AFC's Billy "White Shoes" Johnson was named the game's MVP on the strength of a 90-yard punt return touchdown and a second punt return of 55 yards that set up a field goal. The referee was Fred Silva.Players on the winning NFC team received $2,000 apiece while the AFC participants each took home $1,500.

1977 Los Angeles Rams season

The 1977 Los Angeles Rams season was the team's 40th year with the National Football League and the 32nd season in Los Angeles.

Hobbled by chronic knee woes, quarterback Joe Namath was waived by the New York Jets after the 1976 season, after they were unable to trade him. Namath signed with the L.A. Rams in May 1977. Hope of a Rams revival sprung when Los Angeles won two of their first three games, but Namath was hampered by low mobility. After a poor performance in a Monday Night loss to the Bears, Namath never saw NFL game action again.After a home playoff loss to the Minnesota Vikings 14-7 on a saturated field in game which has been termed the "Mud Bowl", Rams head coach Chuck Knox was fired due to ownership's frustration that Knox had not been able to reach the Super Bowl.

1977 Pro Bowl

The 1977 Pro Bowl was the NFL's 27th annual all-star game which featured the outstanding performers from the 1976 season. The game was played on Monday, January 17, 1977, at the Kingdome in Seattle, Washington in front of a crowd of 63,214. The final score was AFC 24, NFC 14.Chuck Noll of the Pittsburgh Steelers lead the AFC team against an NFC team coached by Los Angeles Rams head coach Chuck Knox. The referee was Chuck Heberling.Mel Blount of the Pittsburgh Steelers was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Players on the winning AFC team received $2,000 apiece while the NFC participants each took home $1,500.

1978 Buffalo Bills season

The 1978 Buffalo Bills season was the 19th season for the club and its ninth in the National Football League. The Bills were coming off a season in which they only won three games, making 1978 a slight improvement.

Head coach Chuck Knox began his first season with the team, having coached the Los Angeles Rams for the previous five seasons. It was also Buffalo's first season after the departure of star running back O.J. Simpson, who had left for San Francisco in the offseason.

The Bills offense acquired a pair of weapons for quarterback Joe Ferguson: wide receiver Frank Lewis, who had spent the previous 7 seasons in Pittsburgh, and rookie running back Terry Miller, who ended the season with over 1,000 yards.The 1978 Bills' run defense allowed an NFL record 3,228 rushing yards; the 677 rushing attempts the Bills faced in 1978 is also an NFL record. Oddly, the Bills were first in the league in yards allowed on pass defense, giving up only 1,960 yards through the air.

1978 Pro Bowl

The 1978 Pro Bowl was the NFL's 28th annual all-star game which featured the outstanding performers from the 1977 season. The game was played on Monday, January 23, 1978, at Tampa Stadium in Tampa, Florida before a crowd of 50,716. The final score was NFC 14, AFC 13.Ted Marchibroda of the Baltimore Colts lead the AFC team against an NFC team coached by Los Angeles Rams head coach Chuck Knox. The referee was Fred Wyant.Walter Payton of the Chicago Bears was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Players on the winning NFC team received $5,000 apiece while the AFC participants each took home $2,500.

1979 Buffalo Bills season

The 1979 Buffalo Bills season was the 20th season for the club, and its tenth in the National Football League.

Head coach Chuck Knox spent his second season with the Bills in 1979, improving on 1978's record by two games. The Bills were 7–6 with three games left to play, but they lost their final three games to finish with a losing record. (Even if Buffalo had won their final three games, they still would have lost the head-to-head tiebreaker to the Miami Dolphins (who finished 10–6) for the division title.)

Buffalo's loss to Miami in Week Seven was their 20th straight loss to the Dolphins, an NFL record.

The 1979 Bills were dead-last in rushing yards in the NFL, with only total 1,621 yards on the ground. Buffalo's 268 points scored was 23rd of the league's 28 teams.

1984 Pro Bowl

The 1984 Pro Bowl was the NFL's 34th annual all-star game which featured the outstanding performers from the 1983 season. The game was played on Sunday, January 29, 1984, at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, Hawaii before a crowd of 50,445. The final score was NFC 45, AFC 3.

Chuck Knox of the Seattle Seahawks led the AFC team against an NFC team coached by San Francisco 49ers head coach Bill Walsh. The referee was Jerry Seeman.Joe Theismann of the Washington Redskins was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Players on the winning NFC team received $10,000 apiece while the AFC participants each took home $5,000.

1992 NFL season

The 1992 NFL season was the 73rd regular season of the National Football League.

Due to the damage caused by Hurricane Andrew, the New England Patriots at Miami Dolphins game that was scheduled for September 6 at Joe Robbie Stadium was rescheduled to October 18. Both teams originally had that weekend off. This marked the first time since the 1966 NFL season and the AFL seasons of 1966 and 1967 that there were byes in week 1; in those years, byes were necessary every week since there were an odd number of teams, which would happen again between 1999 and 2001. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Dolphins also had their 2017 season opener postponed due to Hurricane Irma.

The Atlanta Falcons played their first season in the new Georgia Dome, replacing Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, playing there until 2016.

The season ended with Super Bowl XXVII when the Dallas Cowboys defeated the Buffalo Bills 52–17 at the Rose Bowl. This would be the third of the Bills’ four consecutive Super Bowl losses.

Associated Press NFL Coach of the Year Award

The Associated Press National Football League Coach of the Year Award is presented annually by the Associated Press (AP) to the National Football League (NFL) coach adjudged to have had the most outstanding season. It has been awarded since the 1957 season. Since 2011, the winner has been announced at the annual NFL Honors ceremony held the day before the Super Bowl.

Don Shula has won the most AP NFL Coach of the Year awards, receiving four during his 33-year head coaching career: three with the Baltimore Colts and one with the Miami Dolphins. Chuck Knox and Bill Belichick have each been awarded three times. The incumbent AP NFL Coach of the Year is Matt Nagy, who led the Chicago Bears to the playoffs after a surprising turnaround, inheriting a team that went 5–11 the previous year and leading them to an 12–4 record and division title.

Kelly Stouffer

Kelly Wayne Stouffer, (born July 6, 1964), is a former American football quarterback in the NFL. He spent most of his career with the Seattle Seahawks from 1988–1992. He graduated from Rushville High School in Rushville, Nebraska and attended Colorado State University.

He is a television color analyst for college football games on ESPN/ABC, and was formerly with the NFL on FOX, Versus, MountainWest Sports Network and Minnesota Vikings pre-season games.

At the conclusion of his collegiate career, he achieved notoriety when, after being selected by the St. Louis Cardinals in the first round of the 1987 NFL Draft, he sat out what would have been his rookie year due to an inability to agree on a contract. The following season, the Cardinals traded his rights to the Seattle Seahawks, who listed Stouffer as third-string behind starter Dave Krieg and veteran backup Jeff Kemp. Krieg would be sidelined with a separated shoulder, and the following week Kemp was ineffective starting in place of Krieg and was benched in favor of Stouffer by halftime. Stouffer endeared himself to Seattle fans in one play where, after having his nose broken, he threw for a long gain resulting in a touchdown. For several weeks, Stouffer filled in until Krieg returned to the lineup. Stouffer seemed to regress in the eyes of Seahawk coaches over the next couple of years, and fell back to third string behind Kemp.

Once Seahawk head coach Chuck Knox was replaced by Tom Flores and Dave Krieg was let go, Stouffer won the starting job, beating out Dan McGwire and Stan Gelbaugh. Stouffer was injured in week 5, and the Seahawks started the season 1-4. After McGwire was quickly injured, journeyman Gelbaugh became the starter, yielding the job to Stouffer once Stouffer recovered. Stouffer, who seemed to have been showing a return to his rookie form just before his injury, was never the same, however, and Gelbaugh quickly became the established starter. The following season, Stouffer was released.

Stouffer was signed by the Miami Dolphins to a free agent contract in April 1994 but was released prior to the regular season.

Two years later, Stouffer was signed by the Carolina Panthers to a free agent contract in March 1996 but was released prior to the regular season.

In 2000, Stouffer finished his B.S. degree in biology from the Colorado State University College of Agricultural Sciences and became the first undergraduate to earn that degree via the college's distance learning program.

Lawrence McCutcheon

Lawrence McCutcheon (born June 2, 1950) is a former American football running back who played in the National Football League (NFL) for the Los Angeles Rams from 1972 to 1980, the Denver Broncos and Seattle Seahawks in 1980, and 1981 with the Buffalo Bills, reuniting with former Rams head coach Chuck Knox.

List of Buffalo Bills head coaches

The Buffalo Bills are a professional American football team based in the Buffalo, New York metropolitan area. They are members of the Eastern Division of the American Football Conference (AFC) in the National Football League (NFL). The Bills franchise was formed in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL), before joining the NFL as part of the AFL-NFL merger of 1970.There have been 19 head coaches for the Bills franchise. Buster Ramsey became the first head coach of the Buffalo Bills in 1960, serving for two seasons before being fired by Bills owner Ralph Wilson after the 1961 season. In terms of tenure, Marv Levy has coached more games (182) and seasons (12) than any other coach in franchise history. He coached the Bills to four straight AFC Championships from 1990–1993, but failed to lead the team to a victory in the Super Bowl. One of Levy's predecessors, Lou Saban, who coached the team on two separate occasions, led the team to the victories in the AFL championship in 1964 and 1965. Three Bills coaches—Saban, Levy and Chuck Knox—have been named coach of the year by at least one major news organization. Levy and Jim Ringo are the only Bills coaches to have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

There have been six "interim" head coaches in Bills history. First, in 1968, head coach Joe Collier was fired two games into the season and replaced by Bills personnel director Harvey Johnson. Johnson did not serve as head coach the following season. Then, five games into the 1976 season, Saban unexpectedly resigned as head coach. He was replaced by Ringo, the team's offensive line coach. Ringo returned to coach the team again in the 1977 season. In October 1985, Kay Stephenson was fired and replaced by assistant head coach Hank Bullough. Just over a year later, Bullough was himself fired and replaced by Marv Levy, who had previously served as coach of the Kansas City Chiefs. Levy would then serve as Bills head coach for the next 12 seasons. In 2016, Anthony Lynn replaced Rex Ryan for the final game of the season.

Following Levy's retirement, the Bills experienced limited success under a series of successive head coaches. Wade Phillips, the Bills defensive coordinator for the last three years under Levy, took over head coaching duties for the 1998 season. Phillips served as head coach for three seasons, making the playoffs in his first two (He was the last coach to lead the Bills to the playoffs until Sean McDermott became coach in 2017). After Phillips' departure following the 2000 season, Gregg Williams was named head coach. Williams served as coach for three seasons. At the end of the 2003 season, Williams' contract was not renewed. Mike Mularkey was named as the new head coach for the 2004 season, leading the Bills to their first winning season since 1999. The Bills experienced less success under Mularkey during 2005, and Mularkey resigned as head coach at the completion of the 2005 season. The Bills then named Dick Jauron as their head coach for the 2006 season. Jauron was the first coach since Phillips' dismissal with prior head coaching experience, having previously served as head coach of the Chicago Bears and interim head coach of the Detroit Lions. Jauron coached the Bills to three consecutive 7–9 seasons before being fired on November 17, 2009, nine games into the 2009 season. On January 19, 2010, the Bills named Chan Gailey as their next head coach; Gailey was fired on December 31, 2012. In January 2013, Doug Marrone was appointed. He exercised his option to leave in January 2015 following the change of ownership to Kim and Terrence Pegula and was replaced by Rex Ryan. Rex Ryan was fired from the team on December 27, 2016. Anthony Lynn served as interim head coach until January 11, when the team hired Sean McDermott to serve in the role on a permanent basis.

List of Seattle Seahawks head coaches

The Seattle Seahawks are a professional American football team based in Seattle, Washington. They are members of the Western Division of the National Football Conference (NFC) in the National Football League (NFL). The team, along with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, joined the NFL in 1976 as expansion teams. The Seahawks are the only team to have played in both the American Football Conference (AFC) and NFC Championship Games. The team has made three Super Bowl appearances; they lost to the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XL, before winning Super Bowl XLVIII against the Denver Broncos. The Seahawks then lost Super Bowl XLIX to the New England Patriots.

There have been eight coaches for the Seahawks franchise. The team's current coach, Pete Carroll, joined the team in 2010. Mike Holmgren, the Seahawks' sixth coach, has the team records for the most games coached (160, with 10 playoff games), wins (86), and losses (74). Tom Flores, who coached the team from 1991 to 1994, was the team's least successful coach with a winning percentage of .292. Mike McCormack is the only Seahawks coach to have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

National Football League Coach of the Year Award

The National Football League Coach of the Year Award is presented annually by various news and sports organizations to the National Football League (NFL) head coach who has done the most outstanding job of working with the talent he has at his disposal. Currently, the most widely recognized award is presented by the Associated Press (AP), although in the past several awards received press recognition. First presented in 1957, the AP award did not include American Football League (AFL) teams. The Sporting News has given a pro football coach of the year award since 1947 and in 1949 gave its award to a non-NFL coach, Paul Brown of the All-America Football Conference's Cleveland Browns. Other NFL Coach of the Year awards are presented by Pro Football Weekly/Pro Football Writers of America and the Maxwell Football Club. The United Press International (UPI) NFL Coach of the Year award was first presented in 1955. From 1960 to 1969, before the AFL–NFL merger, an award was also given to the most outstanding coach from the AFL. When the leagues merged in 1970, separate awards were given to the best coaches from the American Football Conference (AFC) and National Football Conference (NFC). The UPI discontinued the awards after 1996.

Ray Prochaska

Raymond Edward Prochaska (August 9, 1919 – March 9, 1997) was an American gridiron football player and coach. Born in Ulysses, Nebraska, he attended the University of Nebraska and played one season in the National Football League (NFL). Prochaska made his professional debut in the NFL in 1941 with the Cleveland Rams before leaving football for military service during World War II.

Prochaska went on to be an assistant coach, often serving under Chuck Knox with multiple NFL teams, and in 1961 briefly served as interim head coach of the St. Louis Cardinals. He coached under Knox with the Los Angeles Rams, Buffalo Bills, and Seattle Seahawks. After Pop Ivy resigned late in the season, Prochaska shared head coaching duties with fellow assistant coaches Chuck Drulis and Ray Willsey. Under the trio's guidance, the team won its last two games.

Seattle Seahawks

The Seattle Seahawks are a professional American football franchise based in Seattle, Washington. The Seahawks compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) West division. They joined the NFL in 1976 as an expansion team. The Seahawks are coached by Pete Carroll. Since 2002, they have played their home games at CenturyLink Field (formerly Qwest Field), located south of downtown Seattle. They previously played home games in the Kingdome (1976–1999) and Husky Stadium (1994, 2000–2001).

Seahawks fans have been referred to collectively as the "12th Man", "12th Fan", or "12s". The Seahawks' fans have twice set the Guinness World Record for the loudest crowd noise at a sporting event, first registering 136.6 decibels during a game against the San Francisco 49ers in September 2013, and later during a Monday Night Football game against the New Orleans Saints a few months later, with a then record-setting 137.6 dB. The Seahawks are the only NFL franchise based in the Pacific Northwest region of North America, and thus attract support from a wide geographical area, including some parts of Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Alaska, as well as Canadian fans in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan.Steve Largent, Cortez Kennedy, Walter Jones, and Kenny Easley have been voted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame primarily or wholly for their accomplishments as Seahawks. In addition to them, Dave Brown, Jacob Green, Dave Krieg, Curt Warner, and Jim Zorn have been inducted into the Seahawks Ring of Honor along with Pete Gross (radio announcer) and Chuck Knox (head coach). The Seahawks have won 10 division titles and three conference championships. They are the only team to have played in both the AFC and NFC Championship Games. They have appeared in three Super Bowls: losing 21–10 to the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XL, defeating the Denver Broncos 43–8 for their first championship in Super Bowl XLVIII, and losing 28–24 to the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XLIX.

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