Chuanqing people

The Chuanqing people (Chinese: 穿青人) are a Han Chinese subgroup. They are said to be descended from Han Chinese soldiers who were sent to Guizhou area in the eighth and ninth centuries to quell Miao rebellions. The Chuanqings, however, view themselves as a distinct people group.[1] Most of them live in Anshun area of Guizhou province. Other locals call the Chuanqings "Da Jiao Ban" (Big Foot) or "Da Xiuzi" (Big Sleeves). Uniquely, they worship a god called Wuxian(五显).[1]

Chuanqing people
Total population
about 670,000
Regions with significant populations
Guizhou, China
Languages
Southwestern Mandarin
Religion
Tibetan Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Western Confucianism, a minority of Animism, Polytheism
Related ethnic groups
Tunbao people, Han Chinese

Names

Their name, Chuanqing, literally means wear-blacks because that is the colour of their traditional clothing.[1]

The Liupanshui City Ethnic Gazetteer (2003:178)[2] lists the following names for the Chuanqing people of Liupanshui prefecture.

  • Turen 土人
  • Limin/Liminzi 里民/里民子(里珉子) (some of whom call themselves Li 黎族)

The Chuanqing are also given various exonyms by the following ethnic groups.[2]

  • Yi: Shaloumi 沙楼米
  • Miao: Sagelou 撒格娄
  • Buyei: Hayao 哈腰
  • Gelao: Baosha 褒沙

Distribution

The Chuanqing are believed to number about 700,000, mostly in mountain villages in and around Zhijin.[1]

The Liupanshui City Ethnic Gazetteer (2003:178)[2] lists populations for the following counties in Liupanshui prefecture.

  • Liupanshui City: 14,227 households, 71,457 persons
  • Liuzhi Special District: 2,466 households, 12,330 persons
  • Pan County: 811 households, 4,048 persons
  • Shuicheng County: 10,950 households, 54,752 persons

Language

The Chuanqing speak a Sinitic language. There is frequent SOV word order.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Why China's Communists recognise just 56 ethnic groups". The Economist. 13 July 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Liupanshui City Ethnic Gazetteer 六盘水市志:民族志 (2003:178). ISBN 7-221-05533-5

See also

Gan Chinese-speaking people

The Gan-speaking Chinese or Jiangxi people or Kiang-Si people (old romanized spelling) are a subgroup of Han Chinese people. The origin of Gan-speaking people in China are from Jiangxi province in China. Gan-speaking populations are also found in Fujian, southern Anhui and Hubei provinces, and linguistic enclaves are found on Taiwan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang, Hunan, Hainan, Guangdong, Fujian and non-Gan speaking southern and western Jiangxi.

Hakka people

The Hakka (Chinese: 客家), sometimes Hakka Han, are Han Chinese people whose ancestral homes are chiefly in the Hakka-speaking provincial areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hainan and Guizhou. The Chinese characters for Hakka (客家) literally mean "guest families". Unlike other Han Chinese groups, the Hakkas are not named after a geographical region, e.g. a province, county or city, in China.

The Hakkas are thought to have originated from the lands bordering the Yellow River (the modern northern Chinese provinces of Shanxi, Henan, and Hubei). In a series of migrations, the Hakkas moved and settled in their present areas in Southern China, and from there, substantial numbers migrated overseas to various countries throughout the world. As the most diasporic among the Chinese community groups, the worldwide population of Hakkas is about 75 million. The Hakkas moved from northern China into southern China at a time when the Han Chinese people who already lived there had developed distinctive cultural identities and languages from their northern Han Chinese counterparts. The Tunbao and Chuanqing people are other Han Chinese subgroups that migrated from north China to south China while maintaining their northern Han Chinese traditions which differentiated them from their southern Han neighbours.

The Hakka people have had significant influence on the course of modern Chinese and overseas Chinese history; in particular, they have been a source of many revolutionary, government and military leaders. In the last 100 years, twenty-three Hakkas had or are still serving as heads of state or heads of government in various countries in the world.

The Hakka language was the national language of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, which had, at one stage, occupied one-third of China in the 19th century. Today, it is one of the official languages of the Republic of China (Taiwan).

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