Christopher Wickham

Christopher John "Chris" Wickham, FBA, FLSW (born 18 May 1950) is a British historian and academic. He is emeritus Chichele Professor of Medieval History at the University of Oxford and Fellow of All Souls College. He was Professor of Early Medieval History at the University of Birmingham from 1997 to 2005.

Early life

Wickham was born on 18 May 1950. He was educated at Millfield, a public school in Street, Somerset, England.[1] From 1968 to 1975, he studied at Keble College, Oxford.[2] He graduated from the University of Oxford with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree.[1] He then remained to undertake postgraduate research and completed his Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) degree in 1975 with a thesis entitled Economy and society in 8th century northern Tuscany.[3]

Academic career

Wickham spent nearly thirty years of his career at the University of Birmingham. He was a Lecturer from 1977 to and 1987 and a Senior Lecturer from 1987 to 1989. He was promoted to Reader in 1989, and made Professor of Medieval History in 1993.[1]

In 2005, he was appointed Chichele Professor of Medieval History in the University of Oxford and Fellow of All Souls College. Since September 2015, he has been Head of the Humanities Division of the University of Oxford.[4] He retired at the end of the 2015/2016 academic year.[5]

Scholarship

His main area of research is Medieval Italy – and more specifically Tuscany and central Italy – from the end of the Roman empire through to about 1300. His emphasis has largely been social and economic, though he has undertaken study into the legal and political history of the area as well. More generally Wickham has worked under a modified Marxist framework on how European society changed from late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, and has pioneered comparative socio-economic analysis in this period.

In 2005 his work Framing the Early Middle Ages was published, which claims to be the first synthesis of early medieval European history since the 1920s. It is exceptional for its use of hitherto unincorporated evidence from both documentary and archaeological sources, as well as its bold use of comparative methods and rejection of national narratives. It has been recognised by various prizes, including the Wolfson History Prize in 2005, the Deutscher Memorial Prize in 2006 and the American Historical Association awarded its James Henry Breasted Prize in January 2007. He has recently just edited Marxist History Writing for the Twenty-First Century, a volume that sees various academics discuss the status and profile of Marxist historiography, and has now produced a general history of early medieval Europe, published by Penguin, which examines cultural, religious and intellectual developments of the period not covered in his previous socio-economic study.

Personal life

Wickham is married to Leslie Brubaker, the Professor of Byzantine Art at the University of Birmingham.

He is a member of the Labour Party,[1] and was previously a member of the Democratici di Sinistra (Democrats of the Left).

Honours

In 1998, Wickham was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA).[6] In 2006, he was awarded the Wolfson History Prize for his book Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean 400–800.[7] In 2014, he was awarded the Serena Medal by the British Academy "in recognition of his reputation as a medieval historian of exceptional distinction who has transformed our understanding of the early medieval Italian world.".[8]

References

  • Debrett's People of Today (12th edn, London: Debrett's Peerage, 1999), p. 2090.
  • "Wickham, Prof. Christopher John". Who's Who 2009. Oxford University Press. December 2008. Archived from the original on 2013-02-05. Retrieved 5 February 2009.

Published works

Books

  • Economy and society in 8th century northern Tuscany (1975)
  • Early medieval Italy: central power and local society, 400–1000 (1981)
  • The mountains and the city: the Tuscan Apennines in the early Middle Ages (1988)
  • City and countryside in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy: essays presented to Philip Jones edited by Trevor Dean and Chris Wickham. (1990)
  • Land and power: studies in Italian and European social history, 400–1200 (1994)
  • Community and clientele in twelfth-century Tuscany: the origins of the rural commune in the plain of Lucca (1998)
  • Courts and conflict in twelfth-century Tuscany (2003)
  • Framing the early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean 400–800 (2005)
  • Marxist History-Writing for the Twenty-First Century (2007; editor)
  • The Inheritance of Rome: A History of Europe from 400 to 1000 (2009)
  • Medieval Rome (2014)
  • Sleepwalking into a New World: The Emergence Italian City Communes in the Twelfth Century (2015)
  • Medieval Europe (2016)

Recent major articles

  • 'Un pas vers le moyen âge' in Les campagnes de la Gaule à la fin de l'Antiquité (ed. P. Ouzoulias et al.), (Antibes, 2001) pp. 555–67
  • 'Medieval studies and the British School at Rome', Papers of the British School at Rome. Vol lxix (2001) pp. 35–48
  • 'Paludi e miniere nella Maremma toscana, XI-XIII secoli' in Castrum 7 (ed. J.-M. Martin), (Rome, 2001) pp. 451–66
  • (with E. Fentress), 'La valle dell'Albegna fra i secoli VII e XIV' in Siena e Maremma nel Medioevo (ed. M. Ascheri), (Sienna, 2001) pp. 59–82
  • 'Rural economy and society' in Italy in the early Middle Ages (ed. C. La Rocca), (Oxford, 2001) pp. 118–43
  • 'Society' in The Early Middle Ages (ed. R. McKitterick), (Oxford, 2001) pp. 59–94
  • 'Una valutazione sull'archeologia medievale italiana', Quaderni storici. Vol cvi (2001) pp. 295–301
  • 'Comunidades rurales y señorio debil: el caso del norte de Italia, 1050–1250' in Comunidades locales y poderes feudales en la Edad media (ed. I. Álvarez), (Logroño, 2001) pp. 395–415

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Christopher John WICKHAM". People of Today. Debrett's. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Professor Chris Wickham". Faculty of History. University of Oxford. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  3. ^ Wickham, C J (1975). "Economy and society in 8th century northern Tuscany". Bodleian Libraries. University of Oxford. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  4. ^ "... and welcome to Professor Chris Wickham as Head of the Humanities Division for 2015/16". Humanities Division. University of Oxford. 3 September 2015. Archived from the original on 27 October 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Chichele Professor of Medieval History". Jobs. University of Oxford. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  6. ^ "WICKHAM, Professor Chris". British Academy Fellows. British Academy. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Previous winners". Wolfson History Prize. The Wolfson Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  8. ^ "Serena Medal 2014". British Academy. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.

External links

Christopher de Hamel

Christopher de Hamel, (born 20 November 1950) is a British academic librarian and expert on mediaeval manuscripts. He is a Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and Fellow Librarian of the Parker Library. His book Meetings with Remarkable Manuscripts is the winner of the Duff Cooper Prize for 2016 and the Wolfson History Prize for 2017.

Colin Matthew

Henry Colin Gray Matthew (15 January 1941 – 29 October 1999) was a British historian and academic. He was an editor of the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and editor of the diaries of William Ewart Gladstone.

Deutscher Memorial Prize

The Isaac and Tamara Deutscher Memorial Prize is an annual prize given in honour of historian Isaac Deutscher and his wife Tamara Deutscher for new books published in English "which exemplifies the best and most innovative new writing in or about the Marxist tradition." It has been ongoing since 1969.

As of September 2009, members of the Deutscher Jury include Chris Arthur, Alex Callinicos, Simon Clarke, Alejandro Colas, Esther Leslie, Peter Gowan, Marj Mayo, Sandy Nicoll, Alfredo Saad-Filho.

Recipients include Jairus Banaji (2011, Theory as History: Essays on Modes of Production and Exploitation), David Harvey (2010, The Enigma of Capital and the Crises of Capitalism), Rick Kuhn (2007, for a biography of Henryk Grossman), Christopher Wickham (2006, for Framing the Early Middle Ages), Francis Wheen (1999, for a biography of Karl Marx), Eric Hobsbawm (1995, for The Age of Extremes), Terry Eagleton (1989, The Ideology of the Aesthetic), Robert Brenner (1985, for The Brenner Debate), and G.A. Cohen (1978, for Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence).

Faculty of History, University of Oxford

The Faculty of History at the University of Oxford organises that institution's teaching and research in modern history. Medieval and Modern History has been taught at Oxford for longer than at virtually any other University, and the first Regius Professor of Modern History was appointed in 1724. The Faculty is part of the Humanities Division, and has been based at the former City of Oxford High School for Boys on George Street, Oxford since the summer of 2007, while the department's Library was removed from the former Indian Institute on Catte Street to the main Bodleian buildings at the start of 2013.

Framing the Early Middle Ages

Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean 400–800 is a 2005 history book by English historian Christopher Wickham at the University of Oxford. It is a broad history of the period between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the transition to the Middle Ages, often called Late Antiquity.

The book won the 2005 Wolfson History Prize, the 2006 Deutscher Memorial Prize, and the 2006 James Henry Breasted Prize from the American Historical Association.

According to Chris Wickham's website, the book will "lead into a general study of the early middle ages for Penguin books." This book, titled The Inheritance of Rome: A History of Europe from 400 to 1000, was published on March 24, 2009.

Frances Donaldson, Baroness Donaldson of Kingsbridge

Frances Annesley (née Lonsdale) (1907–1994), formally known as Lady Donaldson of Kingsbridge, was a British writer and biographer.

Her father was the playwright Freddie Lonsdale. She married John George Stuart Donaldson, Baron Donaldson of Kingsbridge (known as Jack) in 1935. Her body of work included topics such as farming and biographies on writers Evelyn Waugh and P. G. Wodehouse.

During the Second World War she took up farming and made a great success of it, producing record crop and milk yields. She was invited to broadcast in wartime and wrote several books about her experiences.

Jerry White (historian)

Jerry White is a British historian who has specialised in the history of London. From 1997 onwards he has worked on a trilogy of books about London from 1700 to 2000.

John Bossy

John Antony Bossy FBA (30 April 1933 – 23 October 2015) was a British historian who was a Professor of History at the University of York.

Margaret M. McGowan

Margaret Mary McGowan CBE (born 1931) is a noted dance historian and historian of early modern France. Her work is mainly focused on the late Renaissance and the fin-de-siècle period at the end of the nineteenth century. She did her dissertation at the Warburg Institute of the University of London under the supervision of Frances Yates, published subsequently as L'art du Ballet de Cour en France, 1581–1643. In addition to nearly a dozen books she has published over eighty articles and book chapters.McGowan is one of the first scholars to focus on the history of dance in the early modern period and served as Assistant Editor for the journal Dance Research for several decades, helping to shape the field of early dance.

She was appointed CBE in the 1998 New Year Honours.

Nicholas Thomas

Nicholas Jeremy Thomas FBA (born 21 April 1960) is an Australian anthropologist, Professor of Historical Anthropology, and Director, Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge, since 2006; Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, since 2007. He was elected to the British Academy in 2005.

He was awarded the 2010 Wolfson History Prize for his book Islanders: The Pacific in the Age of Empire.

Nikolaus Wachsmann

Nikolaus Daniel Wachsmann (born 1971 in Munich) is a professor of modern European history in the Department of History, Classics and Archaeology at Birkbeck College, University of London.

Rees Davies

Sir Robert Rees Davies, (6 August 1938 – 16 May 2005), was a Welsh historian.

Richard A. Fletcher

Richard Alexander Fletcher (28 March 1944, in York, England – 28 February 2005, in Nunnington, England) was a historian who specialised in the medieval period.

Rosemary Hill

Rosemary Hill (born 10 April 1957) is an English writer and historian.

Susan Brigden

Susan Elizabeth Brigden, FRHistS, FBA (born 26 June 1951) is a historian and academic specialising in the English Renaissance and Reformation. She was Reader in Early Modern History at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Lincoln College, before retiring at the end of 2016.

Susie Harries

Susie Harries is a British historian.

W. L. Warren

Wilfred Lewis Warren (24 August 1929 – 19 July 1994) was an historian of medieval England. Educated at Exeter College, Oxford, he worked as a professor of modern (post-classical) history and Dean of theology at the Queen's University, Belfast. His field of interest was Norman and Angevin England, on which he published several major works.

In 1956 he received a doctorate in 14th-century English church history. He was fascinated by and well versed in Ulster politics.

Wolfson History Prize

The Wolfson History Prizes are literary awards given annually in the United Kingdom to promote and encourage standards of excellence in the writing of history for the general public. Prizes are given annually for two or three exceptional works published during the year, with an occasional oeuvre prize (a general award for an individual's distinguished contribution to the writing of history). They are awarded and administered by the Wolfson Foundation, with winning books being chosen by a panel of judges composed of eminent historians.

In order to qualify for consideration, a book must be published in the United Kingdom and the author must be a British subject at the time the award is made and normally resident in the UK. Books should be readable and scholarly and be accessible to the lay reader. Prizes are awarded in the summer following the year of the books' publication; however, until 1987 prizes were awarded at the end of the competition year.

Established in 1972 by the Wolfson Foundation, a UK charitable foundation, they were originally known as the Wolfson Literary Awards.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.