The Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) is an American conservative evangelical religious television network and production company. Founded by televangelist Pat Robertson, its headquarters and main studios are based in Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States. CBN has been described as having been "at the forefront of the culture wars since the network’s inception in the early 1960s."
|Christian Broadcasting Network|
|Type||Religious television network/production company|
|Availability||seen internationally; some shows carried by Trinity Broadcasting Network, FamilyNet, LeSEA, and TCT , as well as through syndication|
by Pat Robertson
|Headquarters||Virginia Beach, Virginia|
|Owner||The Christian Broadcasting Network, Inc.|
|Gordon P. Robertson (CEO)|
Rob Allman (news director)
|CBN Satellite Service (1977–1981)|
CBN was founded in 1960 in Portsmouth, Virginia by Pat Robertson, who had recently become a born-again Christian. In late 1961, he began broadcasting religious content, funded by small donations from individuals and local churches. One of the company's mainstays is The 700 Club, which uses a religious variety program that mixes sermons, interviews, and religious music (such as hymns and gospel). The name refers to a fundraising drive where Robertson successfully sought 700 viewers willing to contribute $10 a month to sustain the station. The 700 Club is the longest-running program in the variety format, which has been successfully used in religious broadcasting ever since. Initially focused on devotional content, The 700 Club became increasingly political in the late 1970s, adding news segments.
Today, the network's journalistic branch, CBN News, provides news updates to The 700 Club and produces religious news programs such as CBN NewsWatch and Christian World News; it also produces a special hour-long block of prime time election coverage hosted by Robertson during American presidential and mid-term elections, airing on Freeform, which also carries The 700 Club and the half-hour talk show 700 Club Interactive. CBN also operates online channels on its website, such as the CBN News Channel.
CBN Asia manages Operation Blessing International Relief and Development Corporation (OBI), an international relief and missionary effort, and has international programming, producing local programs including Solusi in Indonesia and From Heart to Heart in Thailand; CBN India produces three shows, a daily Hindi program Ek Nayee Zindagi, a bi-weekly Telugu program Nireekshana and an award-winning weekly Bengali program Samadhan. The company also produces versions of The 700 Club aimed at Latin American (Club 700 Hoy) and British audiences (The 700 Club With Paul and Fiona). CBN has broadcast programs in over 70 languages.
On April 29, 1977, CBN launched a religious cable network, the CBN Satellite Service. The channel was later revamped as the CBN Cable Network in 1981, and began incorporating secular programming alongside religious content. In August 1988, it rebranded as The CBN Family Channel (later dropping the "CBN" name outright in September 1990), before selling it to International Family Entertainment (owned by Robertson's son, Timothy) two years later as the network became too profitable for CBN to maintain its nonprofit status. In September 1990, it rebranded as The Family Channel. IFE later sold it to News Corporation in 1997 (rebranding it as the Fox Family Channel in August 1998), which later sold it to The Walt Disney Company in 2001 (and rebranding it as ABC Family, now known as Freeform). The terms of the sale to International Family Entertainment stipulated that the channel continue carrying two CBN programs, including The 700 Club. It is often thought the deal stipulated that the channel maintain the word "Family" in its name in perpetuity, however this was later dismissed by network executives as an urban legend.
CBN now serves mainly as a production company for The 700 Club, and four other syndicated shows: CBN NewsWatch, Christian World News, 700 Club Interactive and The Brody File, a news-analysis program hosted by political journalist David Brody. CBN and Regent University jointly produced the film First Landing.
Some of CBN's programs also air on the Trinity Broadcasting Network, Cornerstone Television, FamilyNet, LeSEA Broadcasting Corporation, TCT and Middle East Television (which was founded and owned by CBN, until it was sold to LeSEA in the early 2000s), all of which are Evangelical Christian networks. The secular commercial stations that continue to air The 700 Club in syndication (along with Freeform) air CBN's annual telethon during the last week of January.
CBN entered into the broadcasting industry in October 1961, when WYAH-TV in Portsmouth – the group's flagship station – signed on the air. Initially madeup of Christian programming, the station's schedule took a more secular tone in the early 1970s. In 1962 WYAH-TV was joined by an FM sister station, Norfolk-licensed WXRI, which broadcast a format of Christian music and teaching programs. Both WXRI and WYAH-TV were based in Portsmouth, and remained there after CBN relocated its main headquarters to Virginia Beach in 1980.
CBN later signed on WHAE-TV in Atlanta in June 1971. In January 1973, CBN purchased KBFI-TV in Dallas and changed its callsign to KXTX-TV; that April, CBN and Doubleday Broadcasting became involved in a license trade in which CBN acquired Doubleday's license to operate a competing station, KDTV; the KXTX-TV call sign, existing programs and programming was moved by CBN to the former Doubleday-owned frequency. The ministry signed-on its final station, WXNE-TV in Boston, in October 1977. The ministry's broadcasting subsidiary, the Continental Broadcasting Network, ran these four outlets as family-oriented independent stations – featuring a mix of religious programming (which took up most of its stations' Sunday schedules) and secular acquired programs, including westerns, sitcoms, drama series and children's programming – a format that would be later adopted by the LeSEA Broadcasting Corporation when it began launching its own television stations in the 1970s.
In addition to WXRI, from 1969 to 1982 CBN also owned a simulcast network of five FM radio stations in upstate New York (WBIV in Wethersfield, WEIV in Ithaca, WJIV in Cherry Valley, WMIV in South Bristol and WOIV in DeRuyter), known as CBN Northeast; the stations originally signed on in 1948 by a farming cooperative as the Rural Radio Network.
CBN gradually sold all its broadcast stations during the late 1980s and 1990s. In the following tables, former CBN-owned stations are arranged alphabetically by state and community of license.
|City of license / Market||Station||Channel
|Years owned||Current ownership status|
|Atlanta||WHAE-TV/WANX-TV **||46 (19)||1971–1984||CBS affiliate, WGCL-TV, owned by Meredith Corporation|
|Boston||WXNE-TV **||25 (31)||1977–1987||Fox affiliate, WFXT, owned by Cox Media Group|
|Dallas–Fort Worth||KXTX-TV 1||33 (32)||1973||CW affiliate, KDAF owned by Tribune Broadcasting|
(sale to Nexstar Media Group pending)
|KXTX-TV 1, 2||39 (30)||1973–2000||Telemundo owned-and-operated (O&O)|
|WYAH-TV||27 (50)||1961–1989||CW affiliate, WGNT, owned by Dreamcatcher Broadcasting|
(operated through shared services agreement by Tribune Broadcasting)
(sale to/divestiture by Nexstar Media Group pending)
In addition, CBN planned to build a television station in Richmond, Virginia, WRNX on UHF channel 63. However, CBN sold the construction permit for that station to National Capitol Christian Television in 1982, which signed on the station as WTLL in 1984. That station was eventually sold and in 1986, converted into secular independent station WVRN-TV, which shut down in 1988.
|Market||Station||Years owned||Current ownership|
|Cherry Valley - Albany, NY||WJIV–101.9||1969–1982||owned by Christian Broadcasting System, Ltd.|
|DeRuyter - Syracuse, NY||WOIV–102.7||1969–1982||WCIS-FM, owned by Family Life Radio|
|Ithaca, New York||WEIV–103.7||1969–1982||WQNY, owned by Saga Communications|
|South Bristol - Rochester, NY||WMIV–95.1||1969–1982||WAIO, owned by iHeartMedia|
|Wethersfield - Buffalo, NY||WBIV–107.7||1969–1982||WLKK, owned by Entercom Communications|
|WXRI–105.3 **||1962–1989||WNOH, owned by iHeartMedia|
Another Life is an American television soap opera produced and broadcast by the Christian Broadcasting Network from June 1, 1981 to October 5, 1984. It was co-created by Roy Winsor and Bob Aaron, and ran for 875 episodes. It attempted to combine standard afternoon intrigue with religious overtones, as many characters were portrayed as Christians who relied on the power of prayer to solve their problems. Set in the fictional east coast town of Kingsley (ostensibly thought to be in Virginia), the show was taped in CBN's hometown of Virginia Beach, Virginia.Ben Kinchlow
Benjamin "Ben" Kinchlow (born December 27, 1936) is an American evangelist best known for being co-host of The 700 Club from 1975 to 1988 and again from 1992 to 1996. He also hosted other shows on the Christian Broadcasting Network such as Straight Talk and a radio talk show, Taking It To The Streets. Kinchlow, the son of a Methodist minister, came to Christianity in the 1970s after a period as a Black Nationalist influenced by Malcolm X and the Black Muslims.Born and raised in Uvalde, Texas, young Ben received his elementary and secondary education in what was the Nicolas School, a tiny building which was located in the center of East Ulvade city park, which was last segregated campus for the city’s black students, operating exclusively for African-Americans from 1938 until 1955.He then served in the United States Air Force for thirteen years and earned his MBA, later becoming a Born-Again Christian and then, soon thereafter, being ordained an African Methodist Episcopal Church minister in 1971.Kinchlow became the executive director of a Christian drug and rehabilitation center and appeared as a guest on The 700 Club in order to speak about the people he saw coming to Christ through the center. He was asked back to host the show while Robertson was in Israel and later became The 700 Club's Director of Counseling in 1975, as well as 700 Club co-host and Christian Broadcasting Network vice-president for domestic ministries in 1982, then was promoted to executive vice-president in 1985. He left CBN and The 700 Club in 1996 to pursue an independent ministry.
Kinchlow is founder of Americans for Israel and the co-host of the Front Page Jerusalem radio show.Bethel Church (Redding, California)
Bethel Church is a non-denominational charismatic megachurch that was established in 1954 in Redding, California. The church, which is currently being led by Bill Johnson, is notable for their music label Bethel Music. There have been many articles, both in print publications and online, written about Bethel and their ministry, including in the Record Searchlight, Christianity Today, and Charisma magazine.Bird in a Cage
Bird in a Cage is a 1986 American comedic drama film written and directed by Antonio Zarro while he was attending the Christian Broadcasting Network University (now Regent University).David Brody (journalist)
David Brody is an American journalist, and Chief Political Analyst for the Christian Broadcasting Network.
Brody was born in New Jersey on February 13, 1965, and grew up in New York City. He was raised Reform Jewish, but notes neither of his parents were very religious. He converted to Evangelical Christianity in his 20s.Brody graduated from Ithaca College (Ithaca, NY) in 1988 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Communications. He was News Director at ABC affiliate KRDO-TV, Colorado Springs, Colorado, where he won an Emmy Award in 1989.In addition to being a frequent panelist on CNN and on NBC's television program Meet The Press, his political blog, The Brody File, is featured on the Christian Broadcasting Network website.
Brody wrote the 2012 book The Teavangelicals: The Inside Story of How the Evangelicals and the Tea Party are Taking Back America. His book The Faith of Donald J. Trump: A Spiritual Biography, co-authored with Scott Lamb of the Washington Times, was published in early 2018.Gordon P. Robertson
Gordon Perry Robertson (born June 4, 1958 in New York City, New York) is the CEO of the Christian Broadcasting Network. He is a frequent co-host on The 700 Club, often filling in for his father, Pat Robertson.KXTX-TV
KXTX-TV, virtual channel 39 (UHF digital channel 40), is a Telemundo owned-and-operated television station licensed to Dallas, Texas, United States and serving the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex. The station is owned by the NBC Owned Television Stations subsidiary of NBCUniversal (itself a subsidiary of Comcast), as part of a duopoly with Fort Worth-licensed NBC owned-and-operated station KXAS-TV (channel 5). The two stations share studios at the CentrePort Business Park on Amon Carter Boulevard (near the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport) in Fort Worth; KXTX-TV's transmitter is located south of Belt Line Road in Cedar Hill.Loma Linda Broadcasting Network
Loma Linda Broadcasting Network (LLBN) is a non-profit, community and variety television, Christian broadcasting network in Loma Linda, California founded in 1996. Broadcast can be received via GloryStar Satellite Systems - Galaxy 19, Internet video streaming on each website, IPTV services such as Roku and Roku devices, Joozoor TV and many more, and Verizon FiOS and cable/low and high power TV stations in select areas. LLBN English broadcasts on Glorystar channel 105, along with LLBN Arabic on Glorystar channel 405 and LLBN Latino on Glorystar channel 505. It is located in Loma Linda which is known as one of only five blue zones worldwide from the surrounding Seventh-day Adventist community from which it draws for its programs, with values and lifestyle centered on the Seventh-day Adventist Church and from the Loma Linda University and Hospital nearby.Pat Robertson
Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is an American media mogul, executive chairman, politician, televangelist and former Southern Baptist minister who advocates a conservative Christian ideology. He serves as chancellor and CEO of Regent University and chairman of the Christian Broadcasting Network.
On Robertson's own account, he was not a serious Christian until he underwent personal difficulty. He graduated near the top of his class at Yale Law School in 1955, but failed the New York bar exam. Failing the bar cost Robertson opportunities at post-graduate employment, and in the ensuing months of what he later described as disappointment, embarrassment, and unemployment, he converted to Christianity and began a career as a minister.
Spanning over five decades, Robertson has a career as the founder of several major organizations and corporations as well as a university: The Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN), the International Family Entertainment Inc. (ABC Family Channel), Regent University, the American Center for Law & Justice (ACLJ), the Founders Inn and Conference Center, the Christian Coalition, an L-1011 Flying Hospital, Operation Blessing International Relief and Development Corporation, and CBN Asia. He is a best-selling author and the host of The 700 Club, a Christian News and TV program broadcast live weekdays on Freeform (formerly ABC Family) via satellite from CBN studios, as well as on channels throughout the United States, and on CBN network affiliates worldwide.The son of U.S. Senator A. Willis Robertson, Robertson was a Southern Baptist and was active as an ordained minister with that denomination for many years, but holds to a charismatic theology not traditionally common among Southern Baptists. He unsuccessfully campaigned to become the Republican Party's nominee in the 1988 presidential election. As a result of his seeking political office, he no longer serves in an official role for any church. His personal influence and media and financial resources make him a recognized, influential, and controversial public voice for conservative Christianity in the United States.Percy Crawford
Percy Bartimus Crawford (October 20, 1902 – October 31, 1960) was an evangelist and fundamentalist leader who especially emphasized youth ministry. During the late 1950s, he saw the potential of FM radio and UHF television and built the first successful Christian broadcasting network. He also founded The King's College and Pinebrook, a Bible conference in the Pocono Mountains.Regent University
Regent University is a private Christian research university located in Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States. The university was founded by Pat Robertson in 1977 as Christian Broadcasting Network University, and changed its name to Regent University in 1990. A satellite campus located in Alexandria, Virginia, was sold in 2008. Regent offers traditional on-campus programs as well as distance education. Through its eight academic schools, Regent offers associate's, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees in over 70 courses of study. The school is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, and by CHEA (School of Education), ABA (School of Law), CACREP and CoA (School of Psychology and Counseling), TEAC (School of Education), ACBSP and ASEL (School of Business and Leadership), ATS (School of Divinity) and is a member of NASPAA (Robertson School of Government).Religion in Transnistria
Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Transnistria) official statistics show that 91 percent of the Transnistrian population adhere to Eastern Orthodox Christianity, with 4 percent adhering to the Catholic Church. Roman Catholics are mainly located in Northern Transnistria, where a notable Polish minority is living.Transnistria's government has supported the restoration and construction of new Orthodox churches. It affirms that the republic has freedom of religion and states that 114 religious beliefs and congregations are officially registered. However, as recently as 2005, registration hurdles were met with by some religious groups, notably the Jehovah's Witnesses. In 2007, the US-based Christian Broadcasting Network denounced the persecution of Protestants in Transnistria.Sweet Cherry Wine
"Sweet Cherry Wine" is a song by Tommy James and the Shondells from their 1969 album Cellophane Symphony. The song hit number seven on the Billboard Hot 100 and hit number six on the Canadian charts. This psychedelic song was released at the height of psychedelia and right after one previous psychedelic song by Tommy James and the Shondells, "Crimson and Clover", and before "Crystal Blue Persuasion". The song begins with the use of an organ, adds brass instruments, and ends with a solo flute that fades out at the end of the song. Adding to the psychedelia of this and other songs on the album was the then-new Moog synthesizer.
James in an interview on the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) in 2010 stated that the song "was about the blood of Jesus" and acknowledged many fans and peers assumed it was drug related.It is also a quiet protest of the Vietnam War. "Yesterday my friend went off marching to war...we ain't a marching anymore".Terry Meeuwsen
Terry Anne Meeuwsen Friedrich (born March 2, 1949 in De Pere, Wisconsin) is an American television personality, co-host of the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN)'s 700 Club, author and singer.
Meeuwsen was the 1972 Miss Appleton, 1972 Miss Wisconsin and the winner of the Miss America pageant in 1973, taking both the talent and swimsuit competitions. She was the first Miss Wisconsin delegate to hold the Miss America title.Thank You Lord
Thank You Lord is a contemporary worship music album recorded by Don Moen. The album was released on April 6, 2004, by Integrity Music, Hosanna! Music, Christian Broadcasting Network, Epic Records, and Sony Music Entertainment. On March 5, 2005, was recognized by Billboard Magazine, charting No. 15 on the Top Christian Albums and No. 22 on the Heatseekers.The 700 Club
The 700 Club is the flagship television program of the Christian Broadcasting Network, airing each weekday in syndication throughout the United States and available worldwide on CBN.com. The news magazine program features live guests, daily news, contemporary music, testimonies, and Christian ministry. Celebrities and other guests are often interviewed, and Christian lifestyle issues are presented. The program additionally features major world news stories plus in-depth investigative reporting by the CBN News team.The 700 Club has been in production since 1966 and has aired for over 38 years on the same network under several iterations. It is one of the longest-running television programs in broadcast history and the longest continuously run weekday program on cable television. It is hosted by Pat Robertson, Gordon P. Robertson, Terry Meeuwsen, and Wendy Griffith. Previous co-hosts include Ben Kinchlow (1975–88, 1992–96), Sheila Walsh (1987–92), Danuta Rylko Soderman (1983–87), Kristi Watts (1999–2013), and Lisa Ryan. Tim Robertson served as host for a year (1987–88) along with Kinchlow and actress Susan Howard, while Pat Robertson ran unsuccessfully for President in the 1988 campaign.The Flying House (TV series)
The Flying House, known in Japan as Tondera Hausu no Daibōken (トンデラハウスの大冒険, Adventures of the Flying House), is a 52 episode anime series produced by Tatsunoko Productions broadcast between April 1982 and March 1983 on TV Tokyo, and distributed by the Christian Broadcasting Network in the United States. In 2010, the Christian Broadcasting Network made the 52 episodes available for viewing online.In the Philippines, reruns of the show were broadcast on GMA Network in 1992, and on ABS-CBN in 2015.Tri-State Christian Television
Tri-State Christian Television, doing business as TCT Network and TCT Ministries, is a network of ten religious television stations and their repeaters, mainly in the Midwest. TCT Network provides a mix of original talk show programming such as TCT Today, TCT Alive and Come On In, along with a children-oriented programming block made by the network branded as TCT Kids (used to meet E/I mandates), some Southern gospel music programming, traditional televangelism (which makes up the majority of the network's program lineup) and feature films with Christian themes; films were a recent addition to the network's lineup, only being added in the mid-2010s.
There is also an international service, TCT World, now broadcasting in over 170 nations, which covers every continent except South America. TCT World's schedule is also around-the-clock. TCT World, like their three over-the-air television feeds, can also be viewed online via their live streaming video feed on their website www.tct.tv archived videos of recent
TCT Today and TCT Alive programs are available for viewing on their website.
TCT is also available on DirecTV on channel 377, and on Sky Angel channel 133.
The network was founded in May 1977 by Garth and Tina Coonce, who are still both involved in TCT today, as well as hosts of their flagship program, which, is TCT Today.
From the mid-1980s to 2007, TCT was an affiliate of the Trinity Broadcasting Network. The network currently maintains a relationship with the Christian Broadcasting Network, airing that network's flagship program The 700 Club twice daily as well as CBN's nightly newscast.
From 2011 to 2013, TCT operated a Spanish-language subchannel which was available both on line and over the air on TCT stations called La Fuente. This subchannel was ultimately discontinued, but reactivated in August 2014 for a simulcast of the Aramaic Broadcast Network. It was discontinued no later than 2017.
In June 2018, TCT ended local operations at all of its owned-and-operated stations, consolidating all of its stations into a single national feed. The change came after the Federal Communications Commission lifted its Main Studio Rule, which had required broadcast stations to have a local studio. All local employees were laid off, and studio sites were placed up for sale. TCT stated that the change was made to free up capital to improve the network's programming, moving away from the straight televangelism-dominated lineup it had previously maintained (television remains the network's core programming) and adding more Christian films.
Lists of TV programs broadcast by country