Chris Archer

Christopher Alan Archer (born September 26, 1988) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Tampa Bay Rays.

Archer attended Clayton High School in Clayton, North Carolina. He was drafted by the Cleveland Indians in the fifth round of the 2006 MLB draft. After he was traded to the Chicago Cubs and then the Rays, he made his MLB debut in 2012. Archer was selected to the 2015 and 2017 MLB All-Star Games.

Chris Archer
Archer in st 2017
Archer with the Tampa Bay Rays in 2017
Pittsburgh Pirates – No. 24
Born: September 26, 1988 (age 30)
Raleigh, North Carolina
Bats: Right Throws: Right
MLB debut
June 20, 2012, for the Tampa Bay Rays
MLB statistics
(through July 17, 2019)
Win–loss record60–77
Earned run average3.84
Career highlights and awards

Amateur career

Archer attended Clayton High School in Clayton, North Carolina, where he played for the school's baseball team. He signed a letter of intent to attend the University of Miami.[1] Archer pitched to an 8–3 win–loss record with a 1.75 earned run average (ERA) during his senior season at Clayton.[1]

Professional career

Archer was drafted by the Cleveland Indians in the fifth round of the 2006 Major League Baseball Draft.[2] He joined the Rookie-level Gulf Coast Indians after signing.[3] He also pitched in one game for the Burlington Indians of the Rookie-level Appalachian League.[4]

Archer remained with the Gulf Coast Indians to start the 2007 season.[5] In 2008, Archer had a 4–8 win–loss record in 27 games started for the Lake County Captains of the Class A South Atlantic League.[6] On December 31, 2008, he was traded with John Gaub and Jeff Stevens to the Chicago Cubs for Mark DeRosa.[7]

Archer pitched for the Peoria Chiefs of the Class A Midwest League during the 2009 season.[8] In 2010, Archer had a 15–3 win-loss record with a 2.34 earned run average (ERA) between the Daytona Cubs of the Class A-Advanced Florida State League and Tennessee Smokies of the Class AA Southern League. With Daytona, he had a streak of 41 innings pitched without allowing an earned run.[9] He was named the Cubs' Minor League Pitcher of the Year,[10] and the Cubs added him to their 40-man roster to protect him from being selected by another team in the Rule 5 Draft.[11] After the season, he pitched for the United States national baseball team in the qualifying tournament for the 2011 Pan American Games.[12] Defeating the Cuban national baseball team, USA Baseball called Archer's game the International Performance of the Year.[13]

Tampa Bay Rays

Chris Archer on April 25, 2014
Archer pitching for the Tampa Bay Rays in 2014

In January 2011, the Cubs traded Archer to the Tampa Bay Rays with Hak-ju Lee, Brandon Guyer, Robinson Chirinos, and Sam Fuld for Matt Garza, Fernando Perez, and Zac Rosscup.[14][15] At the start of the season, he was rated the 27th-best prospect in baseball by Baseball America. Pitching for the Montgomery Biscuits of the Class AA Southern League, Archer had a 5.85 ERA through the first two months of the season[16] and a 5.27 ERA at the end of the first half of the season.[17] In the second half, he made a turnaround, going 5–4 with a 3.45 ERA.[17] He received a promotion to the Durham Bulls of the Class AAA International League, making two starts for the Bulls at the end of the season, and allowing only one run.[17]

2012 season

Baseball America rated Archer the Rays' third-best prospect and the 89th-best prospect in baseball before the 2012 season.[18] Archer pitched to a 4–8 win–loss record with a 4.81 ERA in 14 games started for Durham to start the 2012 season. He was promoted to the major leagues for the first time on June 20, starting in place of the injured Jeremy Hellickson.[19] In his MLB debut, Archer allowed three hits and three runs (one earned) while recording seven strikeouts in six innings, becoming the first pitcher the Rays did not draft to start a game for the team since Matt Garza on September 30, 2010.[20]

Archer became the first pitcher to register an at-bat at Oriole Park at Camden Yards when he finished an at-bat for injured Ryan Roberts, striking out under orders not to swing. He recorded his first major league win on September 19, 2012, against the Boston Red Sox at Tropicana Field after going 5 innings and giving up 3 earned runs.

2013 season

Archer began the 2013 season with Triple-A Durham. He was called up on June 1, 2013, to start against the Cleveland Indians. In his first extended action in the Majors, he went 9–7 with a 3.22 ERA in 23 starts. Among AL rookies, Archer ranked first in ERA, opponents' average (.226), complete games (two), shutouts (two), hits per nine innings (7.5) and WHIP (1.13). He was named the AL Pitcher of the Month and AL Rookie of the Month for July. He finished third in voting for AL Rookie of the Year, behind Detroit's Jose Iglesias and teammate Wil Myers.[21][22][23]

2014 season

On April 2, 2014, it was announced that Archer had agreed to a six-year extension with the Rays worth $25.5 million guaranteed. The two option years would pay Archer about $9 million and $11 million, with the total contract maxing out at $43.75 million for all eight seasons.[24] For the season, he went 10–9 with a 3.33 ERA, 1.28 WHIP and 173 strikeouts in ​194 23 innings pitched.

2015 season

Archer was named the Rays' Opening Day starter after Alex Cobb was placed on the 15-day Disabled List to begin the season.[25] On June 2, Archer struck out 15 batters in a 6–1 victory over the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim.[26] Archer was selected to the 2015 MLB All-Star Game, where he pitched 1.1 innings and gave up one run.[27] On August 20, he threw a complete game one hit shutout against the Houston Astros, in which he threw only 98 pitches and struck out 11.[28]

Archer finished the season 12–13 with a 3.23 ERA and 252 strikeouts, which was good for 2nd in the American League.[29] Archer finished 5th in the American League Cy Young Award voting, behind Dallas Keuchel, David Price, Sonny Gray, and Chris Sale.[30] Archer also provided guest color commentary for ESPN in their coverage of the 2015 American League Wild Card Game, and served as a guest commentator for Baseball Tonight and ESPN Radio during that year's World Series.[31]

2016 season

Chris Archer 001
Archer wearing special Player's Weekend uniform in St. Louis, August 2017

Archer was a favorite among many baseball writers and fans to win the Cy Young Award before the season started after his strong 2015. Despite these expectations, Archer took a step back in 2016, posting a 4.66 ERA in the first half of the season.[32] Archer rebounded strongly in the second half, however, and posted a 3.25 ERA.[33] He finished the season with a 4.02 ERA, 233 strikeouts (tied for second in the American League behind Justin Verlander), and a 10.4 strikeouts per nine ratio. He also led the majors with 19 losses, which can be attributed to his giving up 30 home runs and poor 3.48 run support.[32] Following the season, Archer once again served as a guest analyst for ESPN and ESPN Radio during the 2016 World Series.[34]

2017 season

After pitching in the World Baseball Classic, Archer received the nod as the Rays opening day starter. He allowed only 2 runs in 7 innings, receiving the win. In May, Archer set a franchise record for strikeouts in a month with 58, topping David Price's record of 53. On July 6, Archer was named to his second career all-star game.[35] On August 17, Archer recorded his 1,000th career strikeout, becoming the 9th player in history to achieve this feat in 154 games or less.[36] After a strong end to August, capped off by a 7 inning, one run performance in St. Louis, Archer looked poised to finish above .500 for the first time since 2014, ending the month of August at 9–7 with a 3.66 ERA. However over his next 5 games he went 0–5 allowing 18 runs and failing to get past the 4th inning in 4 of the 5 games played, and his ERA skyrocketed to 4.18.[37] His ended his season with a 10–12 record and a 4.07 ERA, a career high. He did, however, finish the season with 249 strikeouts, good for 3rd in the American League, as well as an 11.1 strikeouts per nine ratio.[38] He tied for the major league lead in wild pitches, with 15.[39]

2018 season

Archer was chosen as the opening day starter for the fourth year in a row. On May 1, Archer threw his 1,000th career inning.[40] On June 5, Archer was put on the 10-day disabled list with an abdominal strain.[41]

Pittsburgh Pirates

On July 31, 2018, Archer was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates in exchange for Tyler Glasnow, Austin Meadows and a player to be named later, later revealed to be Shane Baz.[42][43]

In a game on April 7, 2019 against the Cincinnati Reds, Archer gave up a second-inning, two-run home run to Derek Dietrich. As the ball flew over the wall, Dietrich stayed at home plate and admired the ball for a few seconds as it went over before he started running. When Dietrich returned to bat in the fourth inning, Archer intentionally threw a ball behind Dietrich’s back. Home plate umpire Jeff Kellogg issued Archer a warning, much to the irritation of Reds manager David Bell. As Bell argued with the umpire, benches cleared and Yasiel Puig attempted to throw punches at the Pirates players. In the end of the incident, five people were ejected, Bell, Puig, Reds southpaw Amir Garrett, Pirates setup man Keone Kela, and Pirates closer Felipe Vázquez. When play resumed, Archer struck out Dietrich. Archer received a five-game suspension on April 9.

International career

World Baseball Classic

Archer pitched for Team USA in the 2017 World Baseball Classic.[44] In his only start of the tournament, the first game for Team USA, Archer pitched four perfect innings against Colombia in a 3–2, extra inning victory for the US.[45]

Scouting profile

Archer is listed at 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) and 200 pounds (91 kg). He throws a four-seam fastball between 93 to 96 miles per hour (150–154 km/h) that can reach 99 mph (159 km/h). His secondary pitches include a dominating slider at 86–89 mph, and circle change from 86 to 90 mph.[46] According to Pedro Martinez, Archer was prone to expose the ball too early long before release, leading to batters getting clear clues to his pitches, and compounded by his slow release time compared to other right-handed low-three-quarters-position pitchers like Edinson Vólquez and Jacob deGrom.[47]

Personal life

Archer's mother, Sonya Clark, is Caucasian. His biological father, a firefighter, is African-American. Sonya has two other children with a different father. Chris was raised by Donna and Ron Archer, his maternal grandparents, who adopted him when he was two years old.[48]


  1. ^ a b "Indians sign 16-year-old Australian infielder Smit – MLB – ESPN". July 9, 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  2. ^ "Around The Majors – Sun Sentinel". July 10, 2006. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  3. ^ "BLAKE WILL BEGIN REHAB ASSIGNMENT TONIGHT". Akron Beacon Journal. July 10, 2006. p. C5. Retrieved June 20, 2012. (subscription required)
  4. ^ Eddy, Matt (September 1, 2006). "Minors: Affiliation Shuffle: Royals Corner Market On Burlingtons". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  5. ^ "Chris Archer's Home Field Advantage | Durham Bulls News". April 16, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  6. ^ "Cubs sign Miles, trade DeRosa to Cleveland". The State Journal-Register. Springfield, Illinois. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  7. ^ "Cubs trade DeRosa to Indians". December 31, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  8. ^ Capie, Kevin. "Chrises far from cross". Peoria, Illinois: Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  9. ^ D. Clay Best (September 13, 2010). " | Archer having big year". Archived from the original on September 17, 2010. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  10. ^ Carrie Muskat. "Cubs honor Minors' Player, Pitcher of Year | News". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  11. ^ "Cubs add four players to 40-man roster". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  12. ^ "Cubs prospect Archer helps U.S. top Dominican | News". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  13. ^ "Four Rays among Top 50 prospects | News". January 25, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  14. ^ "Source: Cubs agree to Garza deal | ESPN". January 8, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  15. ^ "Cubs acquire right-hander Matt Garza in eight-player trade with Rays | News". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  16. ^ Emrich, Robert (August 18, 2011). "Archer continues second-half surge | News | The Official Site of Minor League Baseball". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  17. ^ a b c Emrich, Robert (December 21, 2011). "Prospect Q&A: Archer bounces back | News | The Official Site of Minor League Baseball". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  18. ^ Kudialis, Chris. "Bulls standout Chris Archer heading up to help Tampa – Baseball". Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  19. ^ Associated Press (May 23, 2012). "Rays RHP Jeremy Hellickson will go on the DL Wednesday, Archer will debut vs. Nationals". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  20. ^ "Archer overcomes nerves in major league debut, undone by Rays error in 3–2 loss to Nats". Washington Post. June 20, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  21. ^ "Wil Myers wins the American League Rookie of the Year Award | News". Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  22. ^ "Teammateds Chris Archer finished third in voting". June 23, 2010. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  23. ^ "Rays' Chris Archer humble in face of Rookie of the Year candidacy | News". November 8, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  24. ^ Crasnick, Jerry (April 2, 2014). "Chris Archer gets 6-year extension". Retrieved April 2, 2014.
  25. ^ Chastain, Bill (March 26, 2015). "Archer named Opening Day starter". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  26. ^ Chastain, Bill (June 3, 2015). "Archer stifles Halos, fans 15 to tie Rays mark". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  27. ^ Topkin, Marc (July 6, 2015). "Rays pitchers Chris Archer, Brad Boxberger named AL All-Stars". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  28. ^ Chastain, Bill (August 21, 2015). "Archer 1-hits Astros, strikes out 11". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  29. ^ "Chris Archer Statistics and History". Baseball Reference. Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  30. ^ "Baseball Awards Voting for 2015". Baseball Reference. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  31. ^ Chris Archer rocks the ESPN broadcast – DRaysBay
  32. ^ a b "Chris Archer Statistics and History". Baseball Reference. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  33. ^ "Chris Archer Splits". Fangraphs. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  34. ^ Bucholtz, Andrew (October 13, 2016). "Rays' Chris Archer will again contribute to ESPN's World Series coverage". Awful Announcing.
  35. ^ Rosenthal, Ken (July 7, 2017). "Sources: #Rays' Chris Archer will be named to American League All-Star team. Other replacements/additions expected later today". @Ken_Rosenthal. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
  36. ^ Topkin, Marc (August 17, 2017). "Per @EliasSports, Archer is 9th in MLB history with 1,000 Ks in first 154 career games". @TBTimes_Rays. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  37. ^ "Somehow, Rays' Chris Archer remains just shy of being an ace". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  38. ^ "Chris Archer Stats |". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  39. ^ Yearly League Leaders &amp Records for Wild Pitches |
  40. ^ "Tampa Bay Rays on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  41. ^ "Rays' Chris Archer heads to disabled list; roster-replacement possibilities intriguing". June 5, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  42. ^ Chris Archer traded to Pittsburgh Pirates by Tampa Bay Rays
  43. ^ Topkin, Marc. "Rays get RHP Shane Baz as player to be named from Pirates in Chris Archer deal". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  44. ^ Jonathan Lucroy to catch for Team USA in WBC |
  45. ^ "Archer's Classic gem stirs pride among Rays". Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  46. ^ "PITCHf/x Player Card: Chris Archer". Brooks Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  47. ^ MLB Network (July 19, 2016), Smoltz and Pedro Diagnose Chris Archer's Struggles, retrieved May 10, 2019
  48. ^ "Rays' Archer on mission for self-discovery | Tampa Bay Times". March 2, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.

External links

2015 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 2015 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 86th edition of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. The game was played at Great American Ball Park in Cincinnati, Ohio on Tuesday, July 14. It was televised nationally on Fox. The American League All-Stars defeated the National League All-Stars by a score of 6–3.

On January 21, 2013, then-Major League Baseball (MLB) Commissioner Bud Selig, announced the 2015 All-Star Game would be hosted by the Cincinnati Reds. This was the first time the city of Cincinnati has hosted the All-Star Game since the 1988 All-Star Game was played at Riverfront Stadium.On July 15, 2014, Selig also announced that Pete Rose would not be prohibited from participating in the 2015 All-Star Game ceremonies. Rose was an All-Star for 13 of the 19 seasons he played on the Reds and was a member of the Big Red Machine. In 1991, Rose was permanently banned from MLB for baseball betting. Rose, wearing a red sport coat, appeared on the field in front of the pitcher's mound before the game and received a standing ovation alongside former teammates Johnny Bench, Barry Larkin, and Joe Morgan.

On May 12, 2015, the Reds announced that Todd Frazier would serve as the 2015 All-Star Game spokesperson.Mike Trout, an outfielder for the Los Angeles Angels, was named the 2015 All-Star Game Most Valuable Player for the second straight year.

2015 Tampa Bay Rays season

The Tampa Bay Rays 2015 season was the Rays' 18th season of Major League Baseball and the eighth as the "Rays" (all at Tropicana Field)

2017 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 2017 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 88th edition of the Major League Baseball All Star Game. The game was hosted by the Miami Marlins and was played at Marlins Park on July 11, 2017. It was televised nationally by Fox. The game was the first since 2002 whose outcome did not determine home-field advantage for the World Series; instead, the team with the better regular-season record will have home-field advantage. The Marlins were announced as the hosts on February 10, 2015, by Major League Baseball Commissioner Rob Manfred; the game was the Marlins' first time hosting, leaving the Tampa Bay Rays as the only MLB franchise not to have hosted an All-Star game.

The Marlins initially were slated to host the 2000 All-Star Game, prior to having it revoked by then-National League president Len Coleman due to the concerns of both the franchise's long-term viability in the South Florida market, along with the habitually low attendance figures at Pro Player Stadium. That game was eventually moved to Turner Field in Atlanta.

The American League won, 2–1, in 10 innings. Robinson Canó, second baseman for the Seattle Mariners, hit the game winning home run for the American League and was named the 2017 All-Star Game Most Valuable Player.

2018 Pittsburgh Pirates season

The 2018 Pittsburgh Pirates season was the franchise's 137th season overall, 132nd season as a member of the National League, and the 18th season at PNC Park. The Pirates finished the season in 4th place with a record of 82–79.

2019 Pittsburgh Pirates season

The 2019 Pittsburgh Pirates season is the franchise's 138th season overall, 133rd season as a member of the National League, and 19th season at PNC Park.

Austin Meadows

Austin Wade Meadows (born May 3, 1995) is an American professional baseball outfielder for the Tampa Bay Rays of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played in MLB for the Pittsburgh Pirates.

Baseball stirrups

Stirrups were uniform socks commonly worn by baseball players up until the mid-1990s, when major-league players began wearing their pants down to the ankles, setting a trend soon picked up by players in minor and amateur leagues. Until then, stirrup socks had been an integral part of the traditional baseball uniform, giving them a distinctive look. A high sock was needed because baseball players wore knickerbockers ("knickers"), worn by many boys in the late 19th century and into the 20th century. The stirrup socks served to display team colors, stripes or team logos. For example, for several years the Minnesota Twins wore navy-blue stirrups with "TC" on the side, for "Twin Cities", and in 1987 an "m" was placed on side. The Houston Astros wore navy blue stirrup socks with an orange star on the side. The stirrup sock colors were also the basis of team names, including the Cincinnati Red Stockings, Boston Red Sox, and Chicago White Sox. For these reasons, traditionalists lament the recent "sockless" look in baseball uniforms.

Stirrup socks are worn on top of long socks called "sanitaries," usually white in color. This is because early color dyes in the outer stirrup sock were thought to pose health issues, as well as the fact that the inner, less expensive white sock could be changed more frequently. The stirrup sock lacked a foot, instead having a loop ("stirrup") which fits within the arch of the foot. Over the years, the stirrup loop tended to get longer, exposing more of the white undersock, thus creating a look unique to baseball.

However, by the 1980s many players were pulling the loop so high that only the white undersock and the loop itself showed - the rest of the game sock being hidden by their pants. Eventually, this reached a point where some players only wore vertical lines for stirrups. For many years teams had enforced rules so that uniforms were worn "uniformly", including team socks. For example, Leo Durocher, longtime manager of the Chicago Cubs, had a measuring stick in the clubhouse. Players were required to match the length of their stirrup loops to this stick at about 4 inches, exposing only a small part of the white sanitary. Increasingly lax regulation of uniform codes by Major League Baseball eventually contributed to players ignoring the traditional look.

The Official Baseball Rules are silent on stirrups, but the fact that some players on a team wear them while others do not seems to be in violation of Rule 1.11(a)(1) which states that “all players on a team shall wear uniforms identical in color, trim and style,” as well as Rule 1.11(a)(3) that states “no player whose uniform does not conform to that of his teammates shall be permitted to participate in a game.”The freedom to wear high stirrups or not is remarkable considering how nowadays uniformity is otherwise enforced by MLB. For example, during a 2007 game against the Yankees, with the Yankees threatening to score, Red Sox manager Terry Francona was suddenly called away from the game and questioned by a league executive as to whether he was wearing the required uniform jersey beneath his blue pullover. He wasn’t pleased.Although some teams — particularly college teams — continue to wear traditional baseball stirrup socks, another option has been to replace the stirrup/undersock with a "2 in 1" combination sock that mimics the real thing, or simply to wear a single solid knee-high sock with knickers. The trend back to knickers and high socks is particularly evident among youth and high-school teams. A few pro players, such as Taijuan Walker of the Arizona Diamondbacks, Derek Holland of the Texas Rangers, Melvin Upton, Jr. of the San Diego Padres, Bryce Harper of the Philadelphia Phillies, Casey Janssen of the Washington Nationals, Daniel Descalso of the St. Louis Cardinals, Josh Outman of the Cleveland Indians and Steve Cishek & Juan Pierre of the Miami Marlins, Chris Archer of the Tampa Bay Rays, J.R. Graham of the Minnesota Twins, Chris Taylor of the Los Angeles Dodgers, and Francisco Lindor of the Cleveland Indians have been spotted wearing genuine stirrups recently to much fanfare. Several players on the Philadelphia Phillies will either wear stirrups over white sanitary socks, or over red socks, as the Phillies stirrups sport their Liberty Bell logo. The minor-league Springfield Cardinals wear a 2-in-1 version of the traditional St. Louis Cardinals' game sock that looks very much like the real thing.

Other sports also use, or have used, stirrup socks, but traditionally wore a white sweat sock over, instead of under, the colored stirrup game sock (e.g. basketball, football, hockey). For many years American football officials commonly wore black baseball-style stirrups as part of their uniform, although this was done away with in the 2010s as full-length pants replaced the traditional knickers. There are still some sock companies manufacturing stirrup socks for baseball and other sports, including Twin City Knitting Company in Conover, North Carolina.

Blake Snell

Blake Ashton Snell (born December 4, 1992) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Tampa Bay Rays of Major League Baseball (MLB). He made his MLB debut in 2016 and won the AL Cy Young Award in 2018.

Charging the mound

In baseball, charging the mound is an assault by a batter against the pitcher, usually the result of being hit by a pitch or nearly being hit by a pitch, such as a brushback. The first incidence of a professional charging of the mound has not been identified, but the practice dates back to the game's early days. Charging the mound is the most common initiator of a bench-clearing brawl.

Before charging, the batter usually throws his bat and helmet aside so that he may face the pitcher unarmed (it is a very serious breach of baseball etiquette, not to mention dangerous, for the batter to charge the mound with a bat). Though serious injuries have occurred from charging in the past, usually fights are either broken up or joined by all other players so the conflict turns into posturing and name-calling; in baseball parlance, this is known as a rhubarb.

Charging the mound is typically about responding to an indignity rather than an attempt to injure the pitcher. There is long-standing etiquette in baseball regarding what is an acceptable offense to warrant a beaning, and there are similar unwritten rules for charging in response to being hit. While these unwritten rules have become more vague, the response of Major League Baseball to the incidents has become far more strict. Whereas suspensions in the past were rare and usually short, Commissioner Fay Vincent and his successor Bud Selig reacted harshly to both instances of beaning and charging during their respective tenures. Recently, most incidents which have caused the benches to clear have been met with large fines and lengthy suspensions.In Japan, pitchers tip their cap to a batter hit by a pitch if it was not their intent to hit the batter to avoid a mound charging incident.

Clayton, North Carolina

Clayton is a town in Johnston County, North Carolina, United States, and is considered a satellite town of Raleigh. As of 2010, Clayton's population was 16,116, up from 6,973 at the 2000 census. By 2017 the town's estimated population was 21,405. Much of that growth can be attributed to the town's proximity to the Research Triangle area and access to major highways such as I-40 and US 70.

Howard Falco

Howard Falco is an American self empowerment expert, author, speaker and spiritual teacher who specializes in the power of the mind as it relates to the creation of life experiences. He is the author of I AM: The Power of Discovering Who You Really Are. He currently resides in Arizona with his wife and two children.

Keone Kela

Keone Cole Kela (born April 16, 1993) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Texas Rangers.

Lake County Captains

The Lake County Captains are a minor league baseball team in Eastlake, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland. The team, a Class A affiliate of the Cleveland Indians, plays in the Midwest League.

The Captains joined the Midwest League following the 2009 season in a shuffle caused by the Columbus Catfish's move to Bowling Green, Kentucky for the 2009 season. The move alleviated travel costs and time, as it was the South Atlantic League's northernmost team.

The nearest team (the West Virginia Power in Charleston) is a 256-mile drive from Eastlake.

Prior to the 2003 season, the club was based in Columbus, Georgia and known as the Columbus RedStixx. The Captains play their home games in Classic Park, which has a capacity of 6,157 and opened in 2003 as Eastlake Stadium. The current stadium name is the result of a naming rights arrangement; the sponsor is Classic Automotive Group, a major area chain of auto dealerships. Classic Park hosted the South Atlantic League All-Star Game on June 20, 2006.

List of Tampa Bay Rays Opening Day starting pitchers

The Tampa Bay Rays are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in St. Petersburg, Florida. They play in the American League East division. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Rays have used twelve different Opening Day starting pitchers in their twenty-two seasons. Since the franchise's beginning in 1998, the twelve starters have a combined Opening Day record of six wins, nine losses (6–9), and seven no decisions. "No decisions" are awarded to the starting pitcher if the game is won or lost after the starting pitcher has left the game.

Chris Archer and James Shields holds the Rays' record for most Opening Day starts with four. Archer has one win, two losses, and one no decision, while Shields has one win, one loss, and two no decisions. The all-time record for a Tampa Bay starting pitcher winning an Opening Day game is one, shared by Steve Trachsel, Albie Lopez, Victor Zambrano, James Shields, David Price, and Chris Archer.Overall, Rays starting pitchers have a combined 4–6 record at home and 2–3 when they are away for Opening Day. In 2004, the Rays opened the season against the New York Yankees at Tokyo Dome in Tokyo, Japan. Although that game was not played in Tampa Bay's actual home of Tropicana Field, it was still considered a home game for the Rays. Tampa Bay beat the Yankees 8–3 in that game, giving starting pitcher Victor Zambrano the win.

List of Tampa Bay Rays team records

The Tampa Bay Rays are a professional baseball team based in St. Petersburg, Florida. They compete in the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's (MLB) American League (AL). Tampa Bay first competed in Major League Baseball during the 1998 baseball season as the "Tampa Bay Devil Rays", an expansion team. Prior to the 2008 season, the team's name was officially shortened to "Rays". The list below documents players and teams that hold particular club records.

In twenty-one seasons from 1998 through the end of 2018, the team has an overall record of 1,590 wins and 1,810 losses for a winning percentage of 46.8%. The Rays have appeared in four postseasons and won one American League pennant, in 2008

Note: To avoid confusion, this list is only updated at the end of each baseball season. Statistics below are through the end of the 2018 season.

Maddux (statistic)

A Maddux is when a pitcher throws a complete game shut-out in under 100 pitches. Writer Jason Lukehart invented the statistic in 2012 and named it after his favorite baseball player Greg Maddux. Fittingly, as of 2019 Greg Maddux has the most career Madduxes with 13, since 1988 when accurate pitch counts were tracked. Zane Smith has the second most career Madduxes with 7 and shares the single season record for Madduxes with Greg Maddux with 3 each. Shelby Miller and Derek Holland are the leaders among active players players with 3 each. The 1988 season had the most Madduxes with 25, while 2018 had the fewest with just two thrown. Roy Halladay is the only player to have thrown an extra-inning Maddux throwing 99 pitches in 10 innings on September 6, 2003.

Playmates Toys

Playmates Toys Limited is a Hong Kongese toy company. The company was founded in Hong Kong in 1979 by Sam Chan as Playmates Industrial.

Shane Baz

Shane Austin Baz (born June 17, 1999) is an American professional baseball pitcher in the Tampa Bay Rays organization.

Tampa Bay Rays all-time roster

The following is a list of players, both past and current, who appeared in at least one game for the Tampa Bay Rays franchise, formerly known as the Devil Rays.

Players in Bold are members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

Players in Italics have had their numbers retired by the team.

Pittsburgh Pirates current roster
Active roster
Inactive roster
Injured list
Coaching staff


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