Chornohora

Chornohora (literally: Black Mountain, Ukrainian: Чорногора, Polish: Czarnohora, Hungarian: Feketebérc) is the highest mountain range in Western Ukraine. It is within the Polonynian Beskids, a subgroup of the mountain group of Eastern Beskids, which in turn is part of the Outer Eastern Carpathians.[1] [2]

Vnější Východní Karpaty, c11
Chornohora, marked in red and labeled with C11

Description

Czarnohora
North part of Chornohora with Hoverla

The range is located on the administrative border between Ivano-Frankivsk and Zakarpattia oblasts. It is adjacent to the Gorgany range. The highest peak of Chornohora is Hoverla (2,062 m) with other high peaks including Pip Ivan (2,022 m) and Petros (2,020 m). The mountains are made of flysch rock.

The major part of the range forms the watershed between the Prut and Tysa River. The lower parts of Chornohora are inhabited by Hutsuls, whose primary occupation is herding. Major tourist centres of Chornohora are Bystrets, Rakhiv, Verkhovyna, Vorokhta and Yasinia.

In 1968 on the southern macroslope was established the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, and in 1980 on the northern macroslope the Carpathian National Nature Park.

List of peaks

See also

References

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Ukraine: Chornohora
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of Ukraine: Polonynian Beskyd

Sources

  • Földvary, Gábor Z. (1988). Geology of the Carpathian Region. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company.
  • Tasenkevich, Lydia (2009). "Polonynas: Highlands Pastures in the Ukrainian Carpathians". Grasslands in Europe: Of High Nature Value. Zeist: KNNV Publishing. pp. 203–208.

External links

Coordinates: 48°09′37″N 24°30′01″E / 48.1603°N 24.5003°E

Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe

Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe is a transnational composite nature UNESCO World Heritage site, encompassing forests in 12 European countries.

The Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians include ten separate massifs located along the 185 km (115 mi) long axis from the Rakhiv mountains and Chornohora ridge in Ukraine over the Poloniny Ridge (Slovakia) to the Vihorlat Mountains in Slovakia. The Ancient Beech Forests of Germany include five locations, cover 4,391 hectares and were added in 2011.

The Carpathian site covers a total area of 77,971.6 ha (192,672 acres), out of which only 29,278.9 ha (72,350 acres) are part of the actual preserved area, while the rest is considered a "buffer zone". Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians cover areas of Zakarpattia and Prešov Regions. Over 70% of the site is located in Ukraine. The area includes two national parks, and some habitat controlled areas, mostly in Slovakia. Both national parks, along with a neighboring area in Poland, compose a separate biosphere reserve, the East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. Besides Havešová, Rožok, and Stužica (all of them located in Bukovské vrchy), there is a fourth component situated in Slovakia, named Kyjovský prales of Vihorlat. Ukrainian locations include Chornohora, Kuziy-Trybushany, Maramarosh, Stuzhytsia–Uzhok, Svydovets, and Uholka–Shyrikyi Luh. Only a few of the ten components are accessible to visitors. Stužica is the only one of three locations in Bukovské vrchy (Slovakia) with available hiking trails. In 2017, UNESCO extended the site, adding forests in Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, and Spain.The last intact virgin forest in the temperate latitudes of Europe is to be found in the Carpathians. Trees can live to a hundred years old in these forests, providing an important habitat for organisms such as mushrooms, moss, lichen, insects, rare birds (e.g. capercaillie and black grouse) and mammals (e.g. bats, brown bear, wolf and lynx). Large parts of the forest in the Romanian part of the Carpathians have been lost due to deforestation. The pressure on timber as a resource may increase due to international demand and European companies may start large-scale felling in neighbouring Ukraine. Currently unprotected areas of virgin forest can be permanently preserved in the Ukrainian Carpathians by expanding and reinforcing conservation areas. In the Ukrainian Carpathians there are nine national parks and two biosphere reserves. There is a general ban on tree felling in coniferous forest areas above 1,100 metres. If park administrations are shown to work, management of larger, previously unprotected areas of virgin forest to preserve them on a permanent basis, may occur. There are roughly 100,000 additional hectares of forest which could be integrated into the existing conservation areas.

Brebeneskul

Brebeneskul (Ukrainian: Бребенескул) is a peak in the Chornohora region of Ukraine, with height of 2,035 meters above sea level. The second highest peak of Ukraine.

FC Nika Ivano-Frankivsk

FC Chornohora Ivano-Frankivsk is a Ukrainian football club based in Ivano-Frankivsk. It plays in the Oblast Championship. It used to compete in the Druha Liha.

Gorgany

Gorgany (Ukrainian: Ґорґани) is a mountain range in Western Ukraine in Outer Eastern Carpathians, adjacent to Chornohora range. The highest peak of Gorgany is Syvulia (1,836 m) with the other high peaks including Ihrovyshche, Vysoka (1,804 m) and Grofa. The mountains are made of flysch rock, mostly sandstone, which create typical for Gorgany debris fields (local names: gorgan, grekhot). They are bordered by the Mizunka River and Vyshkovsky Pass in the west and the Prut River and Yablonitsky Pass in the east.

Gorgany are the least populated part of the Ukrainian Carpathians, The western parts of Gorgany are inhabited by Boykos, whose primary occupation is herding and timber exploitation. The major towns in the area include Vorokhta and Yaremche.

Hoverla

Mount Hoverla (Ukrainian: Говерла, Hoverla; Hungarian: Hóvár; Romanian: Hovârla; Goverla, Polish: Howerla) at 2,061 metres (6,762 ft), is the highest mountain in Ukraine and part of the Carpathian Mountains. The mountain is located in the Eastern Beskids, in the Chornohora region. The slopes are covered with beech and spruce forests, above which there is a belt of sub-alpine meadows called polonyna in Ukrainian. At the eastern slope there is the main spring of the Prut River. The name is of Hungarian origin and means 'snow fortress'. Hoverla is composed of sandstone, a sedimentary rock type.

The date of the first ascent is unknown. In late 19th century the mountain became a notable tourist attraction, especially among tourists from nearby cities of Galicia. In 1880 the first tourist route between the peak of Hoverla and Krasny Luh was marked by Leopold Wajgel of the Galician Tatra Society. The following year the first tourist shelter was founded there.

In the 20th century the mountain increasingly gained popularity as an extreme sports site. Some routes are classified as 1A in the winter period (from late autumn to May), according to the Soviet grading system. Nowadays because of its prominence too many unskilled extreme-lovers are taking attempts to climb it in winter, resulting in regular frostbite or even deaths. The most popular approach to the summit starts from the tour-basa Zaroslyak on the mountain's east face and gains more than 3,600 vertical feet (1,100 meters) along a steep path with few switchbacks. There is a steeper route (marked with blue signs) and a more gentle one but a lengthier one (marked with green).

In October 2007 the new Right pro-Russian Eurasia Party-affiliated “Eurasian Youth Union” vandalized the official Ukrainian state symbols that had been placed on the summit of Hoverla.

Ihor Khudobyak (footballer, born 1985)

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Ivan Krasnetskyi

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List of mountains in Ukraine

There predominantly two main mountain regions in Ukraine which are Carpathians and Crimean mountains. Ukraine is located at East European Plain, therefore most of its area consists mostly of rolling hills rather than real mountains. Some high peaks could be found in areas of Podilian Tovtry and Donets Ridge and rarely elsewhere.

Chornohora (Black mountain) is mountain range in Carpathians which consists of the most highest mountain peaks in the country. Other notable ranges are Maramureş and Gorgany that are also located in Carpathians. In Crimean mountains the highest mountain range Babuhan Yayla is located closer to the Crimean Southern Coast (also known as UBK) and it is part of the main mountain chain.

This page shows the highest mountains in Ukraine.

Menchul

Menchul (Ukrainian: Менчул), also Manchul, is a peak in the Chornohora region of Ukraine, with height of 1,998 meters above sea level. It lies to the southeast of the village of Vilshany in the Uholsko-Shyrokoluzhanskyi Massif of the Carpathian Mountains.

Mykhaylo Basarab

Mykhaylo Basarab (born March 28, 1988) is a Ukrainian footballer currently playing with Toronto Atomic FC of the Canadian Soccer League.

Oleh Rypan

Oleh Pavlovych Rypan (Ukrainian: Олег Павлович Рипан; born 28 July 1972) is a former Ukrainian football player.

Pavlo Parshyn

Pavlo Parshyn (Ukrainian: Павло Анатолійович Паршин; born 5 August 1975, Soviet Union) is a retired professional Ukrainian football forward.

Parshyn became the highest scorer when he scored 17 goals for Polissya Zhytomyr during the 1999–2000 Ukrainian First League season.

Petros (Chornohora)

Petros (Ukrainian: Петрос) is a peak in the Chornohora region of Ukraine, with height of 2,020 meters above sea level.

Pip Ivan (Chornohora)

Pip Ivan (Ukrainian: Піп Іван; Polish: Pop Iwan) is the third highest peak (after Hoverla and Brebeneskul) of the Chornohora (Czarnohora) range, with height of 2022 meters (6,634 ft) above sea level.In the interwar period (1918–1939) the peak marked the Polish - Czechoslovak, from March 1939 Polish - Hungarian border and numerous skirmishes between OUN and Polish border troops took place in the area.

On the peak of Chorna Hora (then in Polish called Pop Iwan), the Polish government built in the years 1936–1938 an impressive construction, an astronomical and meteorogical observatory, which was commonly called "Biały Słoń" ("White Elephant"). Today, the construction is in ruins.

Now the Chornohora range, is located in Ukraine.

Polonyna

Polonyna may refer to:

Polonyna (montane meadow), a type of mountain meadows in the Carpathians

Polonyna Chornohora, a mountain in the Ukrainian Carpathians

Polonyna Beskids, a mountain range of the Eastern Beskids

Rebra (peak)

Rebra (Ukrainian: Ребра) is a peak in the Chornohora region of Ukraine, with height of 2,001 meters above sea level.

Tisza

The Tisza or Tisa is one of the main rivers of Central and Eastern Europe. Once, it was called "the most Hungarian river" because it flowed entirely within the Kingdom of Hungary. Today, it crosses several national borders.

The Tisza begins near Rakhiv in Ukraine, at the confluence of the White Tisa and Black Tisa (the former springs in the Chornohora mountains; the latter in the Gorgany range). From there, the Tisza flows west, roughly following Ukraine's borders with Romania and Hungary, then into Hungary, and finally into Serbia. It enters Hungary at Tiszabecs. It traverses Hungary from north to south. A few kilometers south of the Hungarian city of Szeged, it enters Serbia. Finally, it joins the Danube near the village of Stari Slankamen in Vojvodina, Serbia.

The Tisza drains an area of about 156,087 km2 (60,266 sq mi) and has a length of 1,419 km (882 mi)— seco Its mean annual discharge is 792 m3/s (28,000 cu ft/s). It contributes about 13% of the Danube's total runoff.Attila the Hun is said to have been buried under a diverted section of the river Tisza.

Turkul

Turkul (Ukrainian: Туркул) is a 1,933-metre (6,342 ft) peak located in the Chornohora (Чорногора) mountain range of Carpathian Mountains in west Ukraine. It is situated between the Dancer (1850 m) in the north and Rebra (2001 m) in the south-east. The western slopes fall into the valley of the Ozirny Stream, south to the valley of the Butynyc stream, and to the northeastern to the glacier basin where the Lake Nesamovyte lie. The back ridge from the summit in the south-west direction occupies Turkulska alpine meadow.

Trenches from the First World War have survived. In the inter-war period, the border between Poland and Czechoslovakia was crossed by the peak (border post No. 33). Turkuł is a good viewpoint for the nearby summits of Chornohora and for further mountain ranges.

Yuriy Chumak

Yuriy Oleksandrovych Chumak (Ukrainian: Юрій Олександрович Чумак; born 8 April 1962) is a Ukrainian football former goalkeeper and a current Ukrainian Second League club Kremin manager.

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