Chittenden County, Vermont

Chittenden County (/ˈtʃɪtəndən/) is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Vermont. As of the 2010 census, the population was 156,545.[1] The county's population estimate for 2016 was 161,531. Its shire town (seat) is Vermont's most populous municipality, the city of Burlington. The county has over a quarter of Vermont's population and more than twice the population of Vermont's second most populous county, Rutland. The county also has more than twice the population density of Vermont's second most dense county, Washington. The county is named for Vermont's first governor and one of the framers of its constitution as an independent republic and later U.S. state, Thomas Chittenden.

The county has most of Vermont's fastest growing municipalities. It is one of the three counties that comprise the Burlington metropolitan area, along with the counties of Franklin and Grand Isle to the north and northwest, respectively. The University of Vermont (UVM), Vermont's largest university, is located in the county, as well as its affiliated hospital, the UVM Medical Center (which is Vermont's largest hospital). Vermont's largest private employer (GlobalFoundries) and largest airport (Burlington International Airport) are in the localities of Essex Junction and South Burlington, respectively.

The Vermont Army National Guard is based at Camp Johnson in the town of Colchester. The Vermont Air National Guard is based at the Burlington Air National Guard Base on the grounds of the Burlington International Airport in South Burlington.

Chittenden County, Vermont
ChittCountyCourthouse
Chittenden County Superior Court in Burlington
Map of Vermont highlighting Chittenden County

Location within the U.S. state of Vermont
Map of the United States highlighting Vermont

Vermont's location within the U.S.
FoundedOctober 22, 1787
Shire TownBurlington
Largest cityBurlington
Area
 • Total619 sq mi (1,603 km2)
 • Land537 sq mi (1,391 km2)
 • Water83 sq mi (215 km2), 13%
Population (est.)
 • (2016)161,531
 • Density298.4/sq mi (115.2/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 619 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 537 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 83 square miles (210 km2) (13%) is water.[2] It is the third-smallest county in Vermont by area.

Originally, Chittenden County contained parts of other counties. It included all of today's Franklin, Grand Isle, and Lamoille counties, and parts of today's Orleans, Washington, and Addison counties.[3]

Mt Mansfield 20060727 2
Western face of Mount Mansfield from Underhill, Vermont

The town of Underhill in Chittenden County is home to the highest summit within the state, Mount Mansfield, which has a peak elevation of 4,393 feet (1,339 m) above sea level.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17907,287
180012,77875.4%
181018,12041.8%
182016,955−6.4%
183021,76528.4%
184022,9775.6%
185029,03626.4%
186028,171−3.0%
187036,48029.5%
188032,792−10.1%
189035,3897.9%
190039,60011.9%
191042,4477.2%
192043,7083.0%
193047,4718.6%
194052,0989.7%
195062,57020.1%
196074,42518.9%
197099,13133.2%
1980115,53416.5%
1990131,76114.0%
2000146,57111.2%
2010156,5456.8%
Est. 2016161,531[4]3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2016[1]

2014 U.S. Census Estimates

In 2014, there were 160,531 people, and 67,271 households. There were 67,271 households of which 36.23% had children under age 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.70% were non-families. 24.31% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.72% had someone living alone who was age 65 or older. Average household size was 2.67 and average family size was 3.13.

In 2014, the county was 91.7% White, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American and Alaska Native, 3.5% Asian, 0.01% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander and 2.1% Two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 2.2% of the population.

In the county, age distribution was as follows: 18.7% under the age of 18, 15.23% from 18 to 24, 32.05% from 25 to 44, 20.82% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.06 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

In 2007, census department estimates that Chittenden had the youngest average age in the state, 37.5. This compares with the actual census in 2000 of 34.2 years.[9]

In 2008, about 29% of the population lives alone. 59% of households consist of families. 38% of men and 35% of women, age 15 or older, have never married. 6% of the population were born in a foreign country, 8% of residents speak a language other than English at home.

From 2000 to 2008, residents left Chittenden in high numbers for places outside Vermont. Still, population increased slightly, in part due to immigration from foreign countries.[10]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 156,545 people, 61,827 households, and 36,582 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 291.7 inhabitants per square mile (112.6/km2). There were 65,722 housing units at an average density of 122.5 per square mile (47.3/km2).[12]

Of the 61,827 households, 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.8% were non-families, and 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 36.2 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $59,878 and the median income for a family was $78,283. Males had a median income of $49,991 versus $39,213 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,095. About 6.6% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Government

As in all Vermont counties, there is a small executive function which is mostly consolidated at the state level. There is a County Sheriff and Chittenden County Sheriff's Department. The elected Sheriff is Democrat Kevin McLaughlin.[14] Remaining county government is judicial. There are no "county taxes."

In 2007, median property taxes in the county were $3,809, placing it 265th out of 1,817 counties in the nation with populations over 20,000. This was the highest in Vermont.[15]

Judicial

The state's attorney is Sarah George.[16]

Elections

In 1828, Chittenden County voted for National Republican Party candidate John Quincy Adams and in 1832 voted for Henry Clay.

From William Henry Harrison in 1836 to Winfield Scott in 1852, the county would vote the Whig Party candidates.

From John C. Frémont in 1856 to Calvin Coolidge in 1924, the Republican Party would have a 68 year winning streak in the county.

In 1928, Chittenden County was won by Democratic Party Al Smith, making him the first Democratic candidate to carry the county. The county would also vote for Franklin D. Roosevelt in all four of his presidential runs from 1932 to 1944. During that time, Chittenden County, along with Franklin and Grand Isle Counties would become Democratic enclaves in an otherwise Republican-voting Vermont. The county would also be won by Harry S. Truman in 1948.

Dwight D. Eisenhower was able to win back Chittenden County for the Republicans during the 1952 and 1956.

The county would go to Democratic candidates John F. Kennedy in 1960, Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964, and Hubert H. Humphrey in 1968.

Incumbent President Richard Nixon would carry the county in 1972 as would Gerald Ford in 1976.

In 1980, Jimmy Carter would narrowly win the county.

In 1984, Ronald Reagan would become the last Republican presidential candidate to win Chittenden County.

Since Michael Dukakis won the county in 1988, it has been won by Democratic candidates ever since and along with Windham County have been considered the bluest county in the state of Vermont.

Economy

Personal income

According to the U.S. Census, the median household income for the years 2007 and 2011 was $62,260. The per capita income for the same period was $32,533.[18]

As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the median income for a household in the county was $63,989, and the median income for a family was $59,460. Males had a median income of $38,541 versus $27,853 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,281. About 4.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.00% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Industry

Burtonfactory
Burton Snowboards is headquartered in Burlington.

Essex Junction is home to GlobalFoundries' Burlington Design Center and 200 mm wafer fabrication plant. GlobalFoundries is the largest private employer in the state of Vermont, with approximately 3,000 employees.[20]

Burton Snowboards employs 500 people with a payroll of $28 million in 2008.[21]

Retailing

Burlington, Vermont
The Church Street Marketplace in downtown Burlington

One measure of economic activity is retail sales. In 2007, Chittenden led the state with 29% of sales, as measured by sales tax reports. This amounted to US$1.52 billion.[22] Four local cities stood among the top five areas in the state: 1- Williston, 2-South Burlington, 4-Colchester, and 5-Burlington.

Real estate

In 2008, a vacancy rate for office space reached 11%, and was called "historic."[23]

Education

There are several school districts within the county, including Burlington, Winooski and Chittenden East.[24] Teachers salaries in 2007–8 varied from lows of $33,000 to $38,000 annually. Top salaries ranged from $66,000 to $79,000. Teachers pay from 10–20% of their health premiums with many contracts at 12%.[25]

Higher education

UVM Old Mill building 20040101
The University of Vermont is Vermont's public flagship research university and is situated in Burlington.

Chittenden County is home to the University of Vermont and Champlain College, which are located in the city of Burlington. Saint Michael's College, the Vermont Center of Southern New Hampshire University, and a branch campus of Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (Vermont's first pharmacy school) are in the town of Colchester. A branch of the Community College of Vermont is located in Winooski and a satellite campus of Vermont Technical College is in Williston.

Personal health and safety

In the first national survey by Robert Wood Johnson and the University of Wisconsin in 2010, Vermont ranked the highest in the country for health outcomes. The top county in Vermont was Chittenden.[26]

Infrastructure

Consistent with the rest of New England and other counties in the state of Vermont, the county has little formal county government. There are a few agencies that serve county-wide. One is the Chittenden County Solid Waste District.

Solid waste

In 2008, the Solid Waste District announced that it would charge trash haulers $17/ton for recyclables. Formerly it was paying $7/ton. The global economy has reduced the demand for recycled materials.[27]

Roads

Interstate 89 crosses Chittenden County initially from east to west, then makes a northward turn in South Burlington to run north along the Lake Champlain shoreline. The full trajectory is generally from southeast to northwest. There are seven interchanges within the county. Four of the interchanges provide direct access to U.S. Route 2, which parallels the interstate throughout most of the county. U.S. Route 7, the county's main north-south surface route, is also directly accessible from two interchanges.

The Chittenden County Metropolitan Planning Organization measures traffic, analyzes road conditions, and allocates federal and state funds accordingly.[28]

I-89 Exit 17
Interstate 89 Exit 17 in Colchester (June 5, 2015)

Athletics

There is a private, amateur Champlain Valley Swim League with nine members, mostly from Chittenden.[29]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

In Vermont, gores and grants are unincorporated portions of a county which are not part of any town and have limited self-government (if any, as many are uninhabited).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  2. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  3. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  9. ^ Sutkowski, Matt (August 7, 2008). Census: State older, a little more diverse. Burlington Free Press.
  10. ^ Sutkowski, Matt (July 2, 2009). CENSUS: Vermont grows slowly. Burlington Free Press.
  11. ^ a b "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  14. ^ "Chittenden County Sheriff's Office".
  15. ^ McLean, Dan (December 17, 2008). Property tax bills among highest. Burlington Free Press.
  16. ^ Template:Http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/story/news/local/2017/01/30/meet-sarah-george-new-chittenden-county-states-attorney/96926574/
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-06-08.
  18. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  20. ^ [2] by VTDigger.org. Retrieved 2015-07-14.
  21. ^ Carpenter, Jake Burton (November 30, 2008). Letter to the Editor (My Turn): Protests do no credit to Vermont. Burlington Free Press.
  22. ^ McLean, Dan (July 13, 2008). Retail Sales By The Numbers. Burlington Free Press.
  23. ^ McLean, Don (December 11, 2008). Vacant office space hits record high. Burlington Free Press.
  24. ^ Richmond, Huntingdon, Undeerhill, Bolton and Jericho
  25. ^ Walsh, Molly (August 24, 2008). Teachers unions working on contracts. Burlington Free Press.
  26. ^ "County Health Rankings: National Comparisons". Robert Wood Johnson and the University of Wisconsin. 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-02-20.
  27. ^ Burlington Free Press, Waste district raises recycling fees, Page, Candace, November 12, 2008
  28. ^ Shamy, Ed (16 August 2007). "Watch backside when entering this intersection". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 1B.
  29. ^ Wells, Alison (26 July 2009). "Tight duel in the pool". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 1C.

External links

Coordinates: 44°27′N 73°05′W / 44.45°N 73.09°W

Camels Hump State Forest

Camels Hump State Forest covers a total of 2,323 acres (9.40 km2) in two blocks in Vermont. Steven's Block comprises 1,680 acres (6.8 km2) in Fayston, Buels Gore and Starksboro in Chittenden and Washington Counties. It is managed for wildlife habitat and timber resources, and the Long Trail runs through this area. Howe Block is 643 acres (2.60 km2) in Fayston, and Waitsfield in Chittenden and Washington counties and is popular for mountain biking. The forest is managed by the Vermont Department of Forests, Parks, and Recreation.

Charlotte, Vermont

Charlotte is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The town was named for Sofia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of England and wife of King George III. The population of the town was 3,754 at the 2010 census.

Fort Ethan Allen

Fort Ethan Allen was a United States Army installation in Vermont, named for American Revolutionary War figure Ethan Allen. Established as a cavalry post in 1894, today it is the center of a designated national historic district straddling the town line between Colchester and Essex. Locally, it is known simply as "The Fort", and now houses a variety of businesses, academic institutions, and residential areas.

Hinesburg, Vermont

Hinesburg is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The town was named for Abel Hine, town clerk. The population was 4,396 at the 2010 census.The main settlement of Hinesburg in the center of town is a census-designated place (CDP), with a population of 658 at the 2010 census.

Huntington, Vermont

Huntington is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,938 at the 2010 census.

Jericho, Vermont

Jericho is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 5,009 at the 2010 census. It was named after the ancient city of Jericho.

Jericho (village), Vermont

Jericho is a village in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,329 at the 2010 census.

Jonesville, Vermont

Jonesville is an unincorporated community located within the town of Richmond in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States.There is a post office in Jonesville, which uses the zip code 05466. There is also a now-defunct country store that has gone through several iterations.

Milton, Vermont

Milton is a suburb in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 10,352 at the 2010 census. According to local legend, the town was named for the English poet John Milton, but the name most likely originated from William FitzWilliam, 4th Earl FitzWilliam, who held the title Viscount Milton and was a supporter of independence for the colonies during the American Revolution.Milton has a municipal building, school system, library, police force, fire department, rescue squad, several churches, as well as civic and social organizations.

Milton (CDP), Vermont

Milton is an unincorporated village within the town of Milton in Chittenden County, Vermont. The village disincorporated in 2003 and became a census-designated place (CDP) in 2008. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,861, out of a population of 10,352 for the entire town.

Mount Philo State Park

Mount Philo State Park is a state park located in Charlotte, Vermont. The 237-acre (0.96 km2) park protects the area around Mount Philo (968 feet high) and provides views of Lake Champlain and the Adirondack Mountains to the west. The Green Mountains (including Camel's Hump in the winter) can be seen to the east and south. It is accessed by trail or steep narrow car road (seasonal).

National Register of Historic Places listings in Chittenden County, Vermont

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Chittenden County, Vermont.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a map.There are 108 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 3 National Historic Landmarks. One property was once listed, but has been removed.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019.

Niquette Bay State Park

Niquette Bay State Park is a 584-acre state park in Colchester, Vermont, on the shore of Lake Champlain. The day-use park is located just off Route 2, about 4 miles from Sand Bar State Park in Milton, Vermont.

Activities includes swimming, fishing, hiking, wildlife watching, and winter sports.There is a swimming beach and hiking trails through the forested area and down to the beach.

Robert Larner College of Medicine

The Robert Larner, M.D. College of Medicine (formerly the University of Vermont College of Medicine) is an American medical school located in Burlington, Vermont and associated with the University of Vermont (UVM). Established in 1822, it is the nation's seventh oldest medical school. The primary teaching hospital for the Larner College of Medicine is the University of Vermont Medical Center (formerly known as Fletcher Allen Health Care) in Burlington.

The Larner College of Medicine is an allopathic medical school that offers both MD and PhD degrees, as well as a Certificate in Integrative Healthcare through the shared program with the University of Vermont College of Nursing and Health Sciences. In 2007, there were 431 medical and 23 MD/PhD students enrolled. The entering class of 2020 contains 120 students.The school's medical curriculum is known as the "Vermont Integrated Curriculum". It has both traditional, subject-based and more contemporary, organ/system-based components. The first 18 months of the curriculum are devoted to basic and clinical science; the remainder of the four-year program largely consists of clinical clerkships.

The institution is one of the ten most-selective medical schools in the United States, with an acceptance rate of 4.0% annually.

Sand Bar State Park

Sand Bar State Park is a 15-acre (6.1 ha) state park in Milton, Vermont on the shore of Lake Champlain. The park was established in 1933.

The Barn

The Barn is a recording studio on the property of Phish guitarist Trey Anastasio, located in the Green Mountains near Burlington, Vermont.The door of the outhouse on the south side of the barn serves as the cover of Phish's Farmhouse album.Reconstructed between 1996 and 1998 from an existing structure, the Alan Irish Barn, The Barn has been used by Phish to record several albums and has hosted all of Anastasio's projects since 1998. In addition, several other artists have recorded or performed at The Barn, including Béla Fleck, John Patitucci, DJ Logic, Toots & the Maytals, Tony Levin, Umphrey's McGee, The Slip, John Medeski, Swampadelica, Jerry Douglas, Patti LaBelle, Leo Kottke, Jim Carrey, Addison Groove Project, and Touchpants.

The Barn now serves as the home to the Seven Below Arts Initiative, a non-profit organization formed to advance arts education in Vermont. Following Anastasio's sold-out benefit shows at Webster Hall in New York City, The Barn was modified from a commercial recording facility into an artistic studio, providing housing and studio space to artists participating in the Seven Below residency program. Seven Below has been working with Burlington City Arts to facilitate arts education activities to under-served populations since 2007.

Underhill State Park

Underhill State Park is a state park in Underhill, Vermont. It is situated on the west slope of 4,300 feet Mount Mansfield, in the 39,837-acre Mount Mansfield State Forest. Activities includes hiking, camping, mountain biking, stream fishing, wildlife watching, and picnicking. Facilities include group and individual camping areas, a picnic shelter, and hiking trails. The park is formally open between Memorial Day weekend and Columbus Day weekend, but is accessible for periods outside those times; fees are charged. Much of the park's infrastructure was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in the 1930s; these facilities were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

Williston, Vermont

Williston is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. Originally rural and laid out with many farms, in recent decades it has developed into a thriving suburb of Burlington, the largest city in the state of Vermont. The population of Williston was 8,698 at the 2010 census, an increase of over 1,000 people since the 2000 census. The estimated population in 2015 estimate was 9,409. Williston is one of the fastest-growing towns in Vermont, and while becoming more populated, it has also developed as a major retail center for the Burlington area as well as much of central and northern Vermont. The town contains the village of Williston, which is unincorporated.

Winooski, Vermont

Winooski is a city in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. Located on the Winooski River, as of the 2010 U.S. Census the municipal population was 7,267. The city is the most densely populated municipality in northern New England, an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. It is the smallest in area of Vermont's nine incorporated cities. As part of the Burlington, Vermont metropolitan area, it is bordered by Burlington, Colchester, and South Burlington.

Places adjacent to Chittenden County, Vermont
General
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Municipalities and communities of Chittenden County, Vermont, United States
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