Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai

Chita (Russian: Чита, IPA: [tɕɪˈta]; Buryat: Шэтэ, Shete; Mongolian: Чит, Chit) is a city and the administrative center of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located at the confluence of the Chita and Ingoda Rivers and on the Trans-Siberian Railway,[8] 900 kilometers (560 mi) east of Irkutsk. Population: 324,444 (2010 Census);[3] 316,643 (2002 Census);[9] 365,754 (1989 Census).[10]

Chita

Чита
Lenin Square
Lenin Square
Flag of Chita

Flag
Coat of arms of Chita

Coat of arms
Location of Chita
Chita is located in Russia
Chita
Chita
Location of Chita
Chita is located in Zabaykalsky Krai
Chita
Chita
Chita (Zabaykalsky Krai)
Coordinates: 52°03′N 113°28′E / 52.050°N 113.467°ECoordinates: 52°03′N 113°28′E / 52.050°N 113.467°E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectZabaykalsky Krai[1]
Administrative districtChitinsky District[1]
Founded1653[2]
City status sinceJuly 11, 1851
Government
 • MayorAnatoly Mikhalyov
Area
 • Total534 km2 (206 sq mi)
Elevation
650 m (2,130 ft)
Population
 • Total324,444
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
349,005 (+7.6%)
 • Rank56th in 2010
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Capital ofZabaykalsky Krai[1], Chitinsky District[1]
 • Urban okrugChita Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofChita Urban Okrug[5]
Postal code(s)[7]
672000–672051
Dialing code(s)+7 3022
OKTMO ID76701000001
Websitewww.admin.chita.ru

History

Chita 1885
Chita 1885

Pyotr Beketov's Cossacks founded Chita in 1653.[2][11]

After 1825, several of the Decembrists suffered exile to Chita.[8]

According to George Kennan, "Among the exiles in Chita were some of the brightest, most cultivated, most sympathetic men and women that we had met in Eastern Siberia."[12]

When Richard Maack visited the city in 1855, he saw a wooden town, with one, also wooden, church. He estimated Chita's population at under 1,000, but predicted that the city would soon experience fast growth, due to the upcoming annexation of the Amur valley by Russia.[13]

By 1885, Chita's population had reached 5,728, and by 1897 it increased to 11,500.[11]

In 1945, Puyi, the last Emperor of China, and some of his associates were held prisoner in the city, in a former sanatorium for officers.[14]

Chita Mosque

Chita Mosque

Russia Chita railroad station

Chita railway station today

Administrative and municipal status

Chita is the administrative center of Zabaykalsky Krai, and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Chitinsky District, to which it is also subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the city of Chita together with one rural locality in Chitinsky District is incorporated as Chita Urban Okrug.[15]

City districts

The city is subdivided into four administrative districts: Chernovsky (named after the Chernovskiye coal mines and colloquially known as "Chernovskiye"[16]), Ingodinsky (named after the Ingoda River), Tsentralny, and Zheleznodorozhny.

Chernovsky Administrative District used to be a mining settlement, which was incorporated into Chita in 1941.[17] Chernovskiye mines themselves are a geological nature monument of international status.[18]

Transportation

Chita is served by Kadala Airport, situated 15 km to the west.[19]

Education

Chita is home to several facilities of higher education:

Military

Chita Northwest air base is located nearby, as well as the 101st (Hub) Communications Brigade and the 53rd Material Support Regiment.

Sports

FC Chita is Chita's association football club.

An indoor arena for speed skating is planned.[20]

Climate

Chita experiences a borderline subarctic climate/humid continental climate (Köppen Dwc/Dwb) with very cold, very dry winters and warm, wet summers.

Twin towns and sister cities

Chita is twinned with:

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of Zabaykalsky Krai
  2. ^ a b Howard Amos (March 3, 2013). "Chita: China's Back Door to Russia". The Moscow Times. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Law #316-ZZK
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chita" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 247.
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 519. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  12. ^ Kennan, George (1891). Siberia and the Exile System. London: James R. Osgood, McIlvaine & Co. p. 336.
  13. ^ Maack, Richard Karlovich (Ричард Карлович Маак) (1859), Путешествие на Амур, совершенное по распоряжению Сибирскаго Отдѣла Императорскаго Русскаго Географическаго Общества, в 1855 году: Один том, с портретом графа Муравьева-Амурскаго и с отдѣлельным собранием рисунков, карт и планов (The travel to the Amur, carried out on orders of the Siberian Division of the Russian Imperial Georgraphic Society in 1855...), Изд. члена-соревнователя Сибирскаго отдѣла С. Ф. Соловьева, p. 23
  14. ^ S. I. Kuznetsov and S. V. Karasov, "The Last Emperor of China: Internment in the Soviet Union", The Journal of Slavic Military Studies 18(2), 207–226 (2005). doi:10.1080/13518040590944430.
  15. ^ The Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities lists one city, three urban-type settlements, and fifty-four rural localities in Chitinsky District. The city of Chita and one rural locality are listed as a part of Chita Urban Okrug in Law #316-ZZK.
  16. ^ Как развивался и приходил в упадок Черновский район Читы Archived October 1, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ ""Государственный архив Забайкальского края. Фонд: Черновский райисполком"". gku-gazk.ru. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
  18. ^ "Энциклопедия Забайкалья". encycl.chita.ru. Archived from the original on October 2, 2016.
  19. ^ "Chita: Flights". Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  20. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com.
  21. ^ "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Chita" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Archived from the original on April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  22. ^ "Cita/Kadala (Chita) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  23. ^ Zabinfo: CHITA and ULAN UDE is twin towns
  24. ^ "Энциклопедия Забайкалья". ez.chita.ru. Archived from the original on June 19, 2013.
  25. ^ Coe, Andre (April 25, 2000). "Abilene gives Western farewell to delegates from new sister city". Abilene Reporter-News. Archived from the original on February 26, 2005. Retrieved September 21, 2013.

Sources

  • Министерство территориального развития Забайкальского края. 1 января 2014 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Забайкальского края», в ред. Распоряжения №209-р от 10 июня 2014 г.. (Ministry of the Territorial Development of Zabaykalsky Krai. January 1, 2014 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of Zabaykalsky Krai, as amended by the Directive #209-r of June 10, 2014. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Забайкальского края. Закон №316-ЗЗК от 18 декабря 2009 г. «О границах муниципальных районов и городских округов Забайкальского края», в ред. Закона №770-ЗЗК от 26 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Забайкальского края "О границах муниципальных районов и городских округов Забайкальского края"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Забайкальский рабочий", №239–242, 21 декабря 2009 г. (Legislative Assembly of Zabaykalsky Krai. Law #316-ZZK of December 18, 2009 On the Borders of the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs of Zabaykalsky Krai, as amended by the Law #770-ZZK of December 26, 2012 On Amending the Law of Zabaykalsky Krai "On the Borders of the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs of Zabaykalsky Krai". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chita" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 247.

External links

AH30

Asian Highway 30 or AH30 is a route located in Russia, running 2,785 kilometres (1,731 mi) from Ussuriysk, Primorsky Krai to Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai. Khabarovsk to Chita section of this asian highway is named after Amur river as Amur Highway .

Alexander Stranichkin

Alexander Viktorovich Stranichkin (born 5 April 1955 in Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai) is an Abkhazian politician. A former vice-speaker of the People's Assembly of Abkhazia, Stranichkin currently serving as one of the four vice-premiers of the Republic of Abkhazia.

Alina Stadnyk

Alina Berezhna, earlier name Alina Stadnyk, née Alina Makhynia, (Ukrainian: Аліна В'ячеславівна Стадник-Махиня; born 3 January 1991) is a Ukrainian female wrestler. She is the 2013 World champion in women's freestyle 67 kg.

Anastasia Pivovarova

Anastasia Olegovna Pivovarova (Russian: Анастасия Олеговна Пивоварова, born 16 June 1990) is a professional tennis player from Russia who reached a career high of 93 in May 2011. During a successful junior career, Pivovarova was ranked as high as No. 2.

Anatoli Zakharov

Anatoli Aleksandrovich Zakharov (Russian: Анатолий Александрович Захаров; born 3 June 1996) is a Russian football player.

Chita State Academy of Medicine

The Chita State Academy of Medicine (Russian: Читинская Государственная Медицинская Академия) is an institution of higher education in Chita, Russia. It was founded on 23 July 1953 as the Chita State Institute of Medicine. The institute was composed of the lecturers of the Perm Dentist Institute evacuated to Chita during World War II.

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Chita State Institute of Medicine was renamed in 1995 when it was granted the new status becoming the Chita State Academy of Medicine.

Dmytro Tymchuk

Dmytro Borysovych Tymchuk (Ukrainian: Дмитро́ Бори́сович Тимчу́к, born 27 June 1972) is a Member of parliament of Ukraine, a Ukrainian military expert and blogger, an officer of Ukrainian military reserve (підполковник), and one of the coordinators of the Information Resistance blog. During the ongoing 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine, he became one of the most popular Ukrainian online activists and was extensively cited on the situation in the country.In 2014 Tymchuk was elected to the Ukrainian parliament for People's Front.

FC Chita

FC Chita is a Russian association football club based in Chita that currently plays in the Russian Professional Football League.

The club was founded in 1974 as a result of reorganization of FC Lokomotiv Chita which was excluded from the First Division. FC Chita was immediately admitted to the Second Division.

Colours (Home) all red. (Away) all black.

Ivan Nagibin

Ivan Aleksandrovich Nagibin (Russian: Иван Александрович Нагибин; born 21 March 1986) is a Russian professional football player.

Matvei Berman

Matvei Davidovich Berman (Russian: Матвей Давыдович Берман; April 10, 1898 – March 7, 1939) was a Soviet intelligence officer and head of the GULAG Soviet prison camp system from 1932 to 1937.

Natalia Boyarskaya

Natalia Boyarskaya (born 27 February 1983) is a Russian professional racing cyclist. She represented her country at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Boyarskaya broke away from the main peloton in the road race and managed to build up a lead of 59 seconds, but had to stop when she couldn't see which way to choose. She was eventually caught and went on to finish 40th, and three days later she finished 16th in the time trial.

Nikita Krasotkin

Nikita Alekseyevich Krasotkin (Russian: Никита Алексеевич Красоткин; born 23 April 1998) is a Russian football player who plays for FC Chita.

Sergei Volkov (footballer, born 2002)

Sergei Yevgenyevich Volkov (Russian: Сергей Евгеньевич Волков; born 9 September 2002) is a Russian football player who plays for FC Krasnodar-3.

Sergey Kudryavtsev

Sergey Valentinovich Kudryavtsev (Russian: Серге́й Валенти́нович Кудря́вцев) is a Russian film critic and historian.He graduated from the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography in 1978 and worked in the office of Soviet cinema at VGIK in 1980–1983.

Kudryavtsev began his career as a film critic in 1973, when he was 17. He has published several books on Russian and world cinema, such as 500 films (1991), +500 (1994), The Last 500 (1996), Our Сinema (1998), the personal film ecyclopedia 3500 (2008).He taught history and theory of cinema at VGIK in 1994-1998, was a lecturer at the High Courses for Scriptwriters and Film Directors (since 2005), the Institute of Contemporary Art (since 2008). A three times winner of the Russian Guild of Film Critics awards.Now his new three-volume personal film encyclopedia Almost 44000 is being in preparation. The first volume, dedicated to the 120th anniversary of world cinema, has been released in December 2015. At the moment Kudryavtsev collects funds for the publication of the second volume using crowdfunding on Planeta.ru website.

Vitali Seletskiy

Vitali Igorevich Seletskiy (Russian: Виталий Игоревич Селецкий; born 23 April 1988) is a Russian professional football player. He plays for FC Chita.

Vitaly Solomin

Vitaly Mefodievich Solomin (Russian: Виталий Мефодьевич Соломин; 12 December 1941 – 27 May 2002) was a Soviet and Russian actor, director and screenwriter. He was the younger brother of Yury Solomin.

Vladislava Evtushenko

Vladislava Evtushenko (Russian: Владислава Евтушенко; born May 1, 1996) is a Russian actress, dancer, model and beauty pageant titleholder who was placed as the 1st Runner-up of Miss Russia 2015 and appointed as Miss Universe Russia 2015. She represented Russia at the Miss Universe 2015 pageant.

Volodymyr Shkidchenko

Volodymyr Petrovych Shkidchenko (Ukrainian: Володимир Петрович Шкідченко; born January 1, 1948, Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia) is a Ukrainian military officer, General of Army of Ukraine. Minister of Defence of Ukraine (November 12, 2001 — June 25, 2003).

Yevgeni Alkhimov

Yevgeni Valeryevich Alkhimov (Russian: Евгений Валерьевич Алхимов; born 11 February 1977) is a Russian professional football official and a former player. He is the director of sports for FC Ural Yekaterinburg.

Climate data for Chita (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
7.4
(45.3)
18.3
(64.9)
29.3
(84.7)
36.9
(98.4)
43.2
(109.8)
43.0
(109.4)
40.9
(105.6)
35.0
(95.0)
26.0
(78.8)
12.7
(54.9)
5.0
(41.0)
43.2
(109.8)
Average high °C (°F) −17.6
(0.3)
−10.0
(14.0)
−0.7
(30.7)
9.1
(48.4)
17.8
(64.0)
24.3
(75.7)
25.9
(78.6)
23.0
(73.4)
16.4
(61.5)
6.8
(44.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−15.4
(4.3)
6.1
(43.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −25.2
(−13.4)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−9
(16)
1.6
(34.9)
9.7
(49.5)
16.4
(61.5)
18.7
(65.7)
16.0
(60.8)
8.7
(47.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
−12.6
(9.3)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
Average low °C (°F) −31.2
(−24.2)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−16.9
(1.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
1.6
(34.9)
8.7
(47.7)
12.3
(54.1)
10.1
(50.2)
2.3
(36.1)
−6.2
(20.8)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−8.1
(17.4)
Record low °C (°F) −49.6
(−57.3)
−48.0
(−54.4)
−45.3
(−49.5)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−13.3
(8.1)
−5.4
(22.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−10.7
(12.7)
−33.7
(−28.7)
−41.1
(−42.0)
−47.8
(−54.0)
−49.6
(−57.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
12
(0.5)
26
(1.0)
63
(2.5)
90
(3.5)
89
(3.5)
41
(1.6)
9
(0.4)
6
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
349
(13.7)
Average rainy days 0 0 1 5 11 16 18 17 13 5 0 0 86
Average snowy days 15 9 8 7 3 0 0 0 1 7 11 15 76
Average relative humidity (%) 76 72 59 47 46 58 68 73 66 61 70 77 64
Mean monthly sunshine hours 139 179 239 242 277 279 247 226 212 190 134 108 2,472
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[21]
Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[22]
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