Chita (Russian: Чита, IPA: [tɕɪˈta]; Buryat: Шэтэ, Shete; Mongolian: Чит, Chit) is a city and the administrative center of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located at the confluence of the Chita and Ingoda Rivers and on the Trans-Siberian Railway, 900 kilometers (560 mi) east of Irkutsk. Population: 324,444 (2010 Census); 316,643 (2002 Census); 365,754 (1989 Census).
Coat of arms
Location of Chita
Location of Chita
Chita (Zabaykalsky Krai)
|Federal subject||Zabaykalsky Krai|
|Administrative district||Chitinsky District|
|City status since||July 11, 1851|
|• Mayor||Anatoly Mikhalyov|
|• Total||534 km2 (206 sq mi)|
|Elevation||650 m (2,130 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||56th in 2010|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|• Capital of||Zabaykalsky Krai, Chitinsky District|
|• Urban okrug||Chita Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||Chita Urban Okrug|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 3022|
When Richard Maack visited the city in 1855, he saw a wooden town, with one, also wooden, church. He estimated Chita's population at under 1,000, but predicted that the city would soon experience fast growth, due to the upcoming annexation of the Amur valley by Russia.
By 1885, Chita's population had reached 5,728, and by 1897 it increased to 11,500.
Chita is the administrative center of Zabaykalsky Krai, and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Chitinsky District, to which it is also subordinated. As a municipal division, the city of Chita together with one rural locality in Chitinsky District is incorporated as Chita Urban Okrug.
The city is subdivided into four administrative districts: Chernovsky (named after the Chernovskiye coal mines and colloquially known as "Chernovskiye"), Ingodinsky (named after the Ingoda River), Tsentralny, and Zheleznodorozhny.
Chernovsky Administrative District used to be a mining settlement, which was incorporated into Chita in 1941. Chernovskiye mines themselves are a geological nature monument of international status.
Chita is home to several facilities of higher education:
Chita Northwest air base is located nearby, as well as the 101st (Hub) Communications Brigade and the 53rd Material Support Regiment.
Chita is twinned with:
Asian Highway 30 or AH30 is a route located in Russia, running 2,785 kilometres (1,731 mi) from Ussuriysk, Primorsky Krai to Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai. Khabarovsk to Chita section of this asian highway is named after Amur river as Amur Highway .Alexander Stranichkin
Alexander Viktorovich Stranichkin (born 5 April 1955 in Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai) is an Abkhazian politician. A former vice-speaker of the People's Assembly of Abkhazia, Stranichkin currently serving as one of the four vice-premiers of the Republic of Abkhazia.Alina Stadnyk
Alina Berezhna, earlier name Alina Stadnyk, née Alina Makhynia, (Ukrainian: Аліна В'ячеславівна Стадник-Махиня; born 3 January 1991) is a Ukrainian female wrestler. She is the 2013 World champion in women's freestyle 67 kg.Anastasia Pivovarova
Anastasia Olegovna Pivovarova (Russian: Анастасия Олеговна Пивоварова, born 16 June 1990) is a professional tennis player from Russia who reached a career high of 93 in May 2011. During a successful junior career, Pivovarova was ranked as high as No. 2.Anatoli Zakharov
Anatoli Aleksandrovich Zakharov (Russian: Анатолий Александрович Захаров; born 3 June 1996) is a Russian football player.Chita State Academy of Medicine
The Chita State Academy of Medicine (Russian: Читинская Государственная Медицинская Академия) is an institution of higher education in Chita, Russia. It was founded on 23 July 1953 as the Chita State Institute of Medicine. The institute was composed of the lecturers of the Perm Dentist Institute evacuated to Chita during World War II.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Chita State Institute of Medicine was renamed in 1995 when it was granted the new status becoming the Chita State Academy of Medicine.Dmytro Tymchuk
Dmytro Borysovych Tymchuk (Ukrainian: Дмитро́ Бори́сович Тимчу́к, born 27 June 1972) is a Member of parliament of Ukraine, a Ukrainian military expert and blogger, an officer of Ukrainian military reserve (підполковник), and one of the coordinators of the Information Resistance blog. During the ongoing 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine, he became one of the most popular Ukrainian online activists and was extensively cited on the situation in the country.In 2014 Tymchuk was elected to the Ukrainian parliament for People's Front.FC Chita
FC Chita is a Russian association football club based in Chita that currently plays in the Russian Professional Football League.
The club was founded in 1974 as a result of reorganization of FC Lokomotiv Chita which was excluded from the First Division. FC Chita was immediately admitted to the Second Division.
Colours (Home) all red. (Away) all black.Ivan Nagibin
Ivan Aleksandrovich Nagibin (Russian: Иван Александрович Нагибин; born 21 March 1986) is a Russian professional football player.Matvei Berman
Matvei Davidovich Berman (Russian: Матвей Давыдович Берман; April 10, 1898 – March 7, 1939) was a Soviet intelligence officer and head of the GULAG Soviet prison camp system from 1932 to 1937.Natalia Boyarskaya
Natalia Boyarskaya (born 27 February 1983) is a Russian professional racing cyclist. She represented her country at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Boyarskaya broke away from the main peloton in the road race and managed to build up a lead of 59 seconds, but had to stop when she couldn't see which way to choose. She was eventually caught and went on to finish 40th, and three days later she finished 16th in the time trial.Nikita Krasotkin
Nikita Alekseyevich Krasotkin (Russian: Никита Алексеевич Красоткин; born 23 April 1998) is a Russian football player who plays for FC Chita.Sergei Volkov (footballer, born 2002)
Sergei Yevgenyevich Volkov (Russian: Сергей Евгеньевич Волков; born 9 September 2002) is a Russian football player who plays for FC Krasnodar-3.Sergey Kudryavtsev
Sergey Valentinovich Kudryavtsev (Russian: Серге́й Валенти́нович Кудря́вцев) is a Russian film critic and historian.He graduated from the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography in 1978 and worked in the office of Soviet cinema at VGIK in 1980–1983.
Kudryavtsev began his career as a film critic in 1973, when he was 17. He has published several books on Russian and world cinema, such as 500 films (1991), +500 (1994), The Last 500 (1996), Our Сinema (1998), the personal film ecyclopedia 3500 (2008).He taught history and theory of cinema at VGIK in 1994-1998, was a lecturer at the High Courses for Scriptwriters and Film Directors (since 2005), the Institute of Contemporary Art (since 2008). A three times winner of the Russian Guild of Film Critics awards.Now his new three-volume personal film encyclopedia Almost 44000 is being in preparation. The first volume, dedicated to the 120th anniversary of world cinema, has been released in December 2015. At the moment Kudryavtsev collects funds for the publication of the second volume using crowdfunding on Planeta.ru website.Vitali Seletskiy
Vitali Igorevich Seletskiy (Russian: Виталий Игоревич Селецкий; born 23 April 1988) is a Russian professional football player. He plays for FC Chita.Vitaly Solomin
Vitaly Mefodievich Solomin (Russian: Виталий Мефодьевич Соломин; 12 December 1941 – 27 May 2002) was a Soviet and Russian actor, director and screenwriter. He was the younger brother of Yury Solomin.Vladislava Evtushenko
Vladislava Evtushenko (Russian: Владислава Евтушенко; born May 1, 1996) is a Russian actress, dancer, model and beauty pageant titleholder who was placed as the 1st Runner-up of Miss Russia 2015 and appointed as Miss Universe Russia 2015. She represented Russia at the Miss Universe 2015 pageant.Volodymyr Shkidchenko
Volodymyr Petrovych Shkidchenko (Ukrainian: Володимир Петрович Шкідченко; born January 1, 1948, Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia) is a Ukrainian military officer, General of Army of Ukraine. Minister of Defence of Ukraine (November 12, 2001 — June 25, 2003).Yevgeni Alkhimov
Yevgeni Valeryevich Alkhimov (Russian: Евгений Валерьевич Алхимов; born 11 February 1977) is a Russian professional football official and a former player. He is the director of sports for FC Ural Yekaterinburg.
|Climate data for Chita (1981–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||0.4
|Average high °C (°F)||−17.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−25.2
|Average low °C (°F)||−31.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−49.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||3
|Average rainy days||0||0||1||5||11||16||18||17||13||5||0||0||86|
|Average snowy days||15||9||8||7||3||0||0||0||1||7||11||15||76|
|Average relative humidity (%)||76||72||59||47||46||58||68||73||66||61||70||77||64|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||139||179||239||242||277||279||247||226||212||190||134||108||2,472|
|Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net|
|Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)|
|Cities and towns|
|Urban-type settlements of|