Chirang district

Narshingbari district is an administrative district in BTAD, Assam state in the North-East of India.

Narshingbari district
CountryIndia
StateAssam
Administrative division1. Kajalgaon 2. Bijni
HeadquartersKajalgaon
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKokrajhar
 • Assembly seats1. Sidli (ST), 2. Bijni
Area
 • Total1,169.9 km2 (451.7 sq mi)
Population
(2001)
 • Total454,208
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Major highways31C
WebsiteOfficial website

History

It is a relatively new district in the BTAD area of Assam. Chirang district has been carved out from Bongaigaon district in 2004.[1] The word "Chirang" has derived from Garo word -"Chi" means Water and "Rang" means wealth. It may also be a copy of tsirang district of neighbouring Bhutan. On the other hand, Most of the people regarded the word Chirang is derived from the Bodo word Chirang or Sirang. Si means life and Rang means Money. Sirang was an area which is covered by valuable soil, plants, tress, flora and fauna or the things which are necessary for human life. Thus it is a place which is important for human life or the place which is just like money or valuable for life and is later come to know Si + Rang = sirang. After sometime the word articulated to Chirang from Sirang. And thus the word Sirang is latter known as Chirang.

Geography

National protected area

Flora and fauna

In 1990 Chirang district became home to Manas National Park, which has an area of 500 km2 (193.1 sq mi).[2] It shares the park with four other districts.

Demographics

Dwijing festival chirang
Dwijing Festival in Chirang, Assam

According to the 2011 census Chirang district has a population of 481,818,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Suriname.[4] This gives it a ranking of 547th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 244 inhabitants per square kilometre (630/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.26%.[3] Chirang has a sex ratio of 969 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 64.71%. Bodos form the majority by about 32% while Muslims constitute 16% , Tea tribes 22% and 30% comprise others tribes and Assamese, Bengalis.[3]

References

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  2. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Suriname 491,989 July 2011 est.

External links

2012 Assam violence

In July 2012, violence in the Indian state of Assam broke out with riots between indigenous Bodos and Bengali speaking Muslims . The first incident was reported to have taken place on 20 July 2012. As of 8 August 2012, 77 people had died and over 400,000 people were taking shelter in 270 relief camps, after being displaced from almost 400 villages. Eleven people have been reported missing.On 27 July 2012, Assam's Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi blamed the UPA led national government for a "delay in army deployment to riot-hit areas". The next day, Indian prime minister Manmohan Singh visited the relief camps in Kokrajhar and called the recent violence a blot on the face of India. Indian Home Minister P. Chidambaram visited the state on Monday, 30 July to review the security situation and the relief and rehabilitation measures being taken.Lok Sabha member from Bodoland, Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary blamed illegal immigration for the violence in the state. The Election Commissioner of India, H.S. Brahma, said that of the 27 districts in Assam, 11 of them will be shown to have a Muslim majority when the 2011 census figures are published. Singh was criticised for not dealing with the flood of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. A fraudster posing as a scholar had asserted that the flooding of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh was a myth.The violence and exodus of thousands of people from Northeast India reportedly led to a series of incessant protests in Assam, at multiple locations, during the months of August–September. The protesters' main demand was expeditious detection and deportation of illegal infiltrators from Assam. On 15 September, at a convention of non-political tribal groups, organisations representing Bodo, Dimasa, Tiwa, Deuri, Karbi, Garo, Rabha, Sonowal Kacharis and other tribal communities decided to form a coordination committee for the cause. The tribal leaders said that illegal immigration has threatened the existence, right to land and resources to all indigenous people of the entire state, and it was not limited to Bodoland alone.

Basugaon

Basugaon (IPA:ˈbɑːsʊˌgɑ̃ʊ) is the biggest town and a Town Committee Area in Chirang district in the state of Assam, India.

Bijni

Bijni is a town in Chirang district under the jurisdiction of Bodoland Territorial Council which controls the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts in the state of Assam.

Bijni (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Bijni (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of Assam a north east state of India. Bijni is also part of Kokrajhar Lok Sabha constituency.

Bijni College

Bijni College is an undergraduate college situated on the Indo-Bhutan border, Bijni. The college is established in the year 1969 at Bijni of Chirang district in Assam. The college is affiliated to Gauhati University.

Bima Badi Bajwi

Bima Badi Bajwi (English: Like A Mother Sister-in-Law) is a 2014 Bodo drama family film directed and produced by Rabi Narzary under the banner of R. N. Films Production. It stars Riju Brahma in the title role, Rabi Narzary, Dinesh Ramchiary and Esha Basumatary in the lead roles. Phaylaw Basumatary, Dwimasa Brahma and Eyerish play in the supporting roles.

The film was released on 15 September 2014 at the Bagurumba Cinema Hall Runithata in Chirang district.Bima Badi Bajwi is the 10th film of R.N. Films Production from Gohpur in Sonitpur district.

Bongaigaon

Bongaigaon ( (listen)) is a major city of Assam, India. The city area spans across Bongaigaon and Chirang district. Bongaigaon is one of the important cities in Assam. The city is one of the biggest commercial and industrial hubs of Assam and also of North-East India. Bongaigaon City also acts as the gateway of North-East Frontier Railway Zone with its New Bongaigaon Junction railway station, second biggest railway station in North-East India. The Asian Development Bank selected the city on their urban planning list of cities from other countries of Asia. Bongaigaon is one of the most populated urban agglomerations in west Assam with line of Guwahati, Jorhat, Dibrugarh and Silchar. Bongaigaon is the administrative headquarters and municipal board of Bongaigaon district.

It was the last capital of the Kamatapur Kingdom and home to many historical monuments of Assamese culture. The city, divided into two parts – Old Bongaigaon and New Bongaigaon - is situated 180 kilometres (112 mi) north west of Guwahati, largest city of Assam. To meet the demands of Bodos of Assam, Bongaigaon was divided up to give way for Chirang district. Bongaigaon has a major petrochemical industry, the Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL BGR). The town occupied a place in the map of Indian Railway with the establishment of the railway station in the year 1908. Most of the institutions like ITI, Bongaigaon College, Office of the Assam State Electricity Board in the early 1960s and in fact the very base of the development of the town was laid in this decade only. The development further gained momentum with the establishment of the Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (BRPL) Complex in the year 1972 at Dhaligaon and also Thermal Power Plant at Salakati. Though these areas are not within the limit of Bongaigaon Municipality the town also caters to the demand of this population.

The Bongaigaon Town Committee was first constituted in the year 1961 and was upgraded to a Municipal Board in the year 1977. Presently the Municipal Area consists of 25 nos. of wards covering an area of 14.31 sq m.

The city today has evolved to be one of the major commercial and business hubs of the state with growing numbers of shopping malls, restaurants, hotels, residential apartments and educational institutions. The city also serves as the base for tourism to famous places such as the Manas National Park. Centrally located within the state, the city depicts a vibrant Assamese township and culture, making it one of the most preferred places for local people to congregate.

Bongaigaon district

Bongaigaon district (Prpn:ˈbɒŋgaɪˌgãʊ) is an administrative district in the state of Assam in northeastern India. The district headquarters are located at Bongaigaon. The district occupies an area of 2,510 km².

Boro Baptist Church Association

The Boro Baptist Church Association (BBCA) is a registered Baptist denomination in the state of Assam (Northeast India). Established in 1927 by the American Baptist Missionaries and later nurtured by Australian Baptist Missionary Society ABMS (now Global Interaction). It consists of 198 churches and fellowships with a total population 40,000 above and 17,000 plus baptized members. The BBCA has its headquarters in the Tukrajhar Baptist Mission compound in Chirang district of Bodoland, Assam.

BBCA is working in partnership with Baptist World Alliance, Global Interaction (Australia), Asian Pacific Baptist Federation, Seva Bharat, Missionaries Upholders Trust, Inspire India (Children Festival) and Tura Baptist Church in Church Plantation and community development ventures to bring transformation in the lives of people, spiritually and economically.

Dangtola

Dangtola (or Dangtol) is a village in the Chirang district of the north eastern state of Assam.

December 2014 Assam violence

In December 2014, a series of attacks by militants resulted in the deaths of more than 76 people in India. The attacks took place in the Chirang, Sonitpur and Kokrajhar districts on 23 December 2014. They have been attributed to the Songbijit faction of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland: NDFB(S).

The Adivasi people of Assam are mostly tea plantation workers. They are famously known as Tea Tribe ; some of them are the descendants of labourers brought to Assam by the British colonial rulers, while others are relatively recent migrants from other parts of India. The NDFB claims to represent the Bodo people, who are native to Assam; it has fought a secessionist war with the government for the establishment of a Bodoland. Although a number of NDFB militants had agreed to a ceasefire and peace talks in the 2000s, the NDFB(S) faction led by I K Songbijit has refused to give up militancy.

In May 2014, the government attributed a similar attack on Muslim migrants to NDFB(S) but NDFB denies. There are many other extremist groups but NDFB is easily blamed. The December attacks, described as one of the worst massacres in the history of North-East India, led to widespread protests by tribal people. The protests turned violent, leading to three more deaths at the hands of the police. The Adivasi people also killed 14 Bodos in retaliation. On 26 December, the Government of India declared the launch of Operation All Out to eliminate the Bodo militants and deployed as many as 9,000 soldiers of the Indian Army and the Central Reserve Police Force.

Kamal Singh Narzary

Kamal Singh Sikarwar is the Manager of Green Web Software Development Pvt. Ltd. Bijni Assembly constituency in Chirang district, as of 2013. He is member of Bodoland People's Front party.

Kumar Deepak Das

Kumar Deepak Das, a politician from Asom Gana Parishad party, is a Member of the Parliament of India representing Assam in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament. He served as Minister of state in cultural affairs in his last term as MLA in the year 1985. He is an eminent writer,singer and an actor.

He was born in 1958 in a small town Bijni in Chirang district of Assam to Ramani Mohan Das and Ganga Priya Das. He completed his school from Bijni Bandhab High School. He did his +2 from Arya College, Guwahati. He earned his Bachelors in science degree from Mahendra Mohan College in Barpeta (also his constituency) with honours. He completed his LLB from Gauhati University. He has authored many books like Mahanagaror Kanthaswar, Mahuror Pare Pare (based on Dimasa culture), Jibanir Madhuri, Bibhinna Dinar Chinta, Bhikshowar Choka Toruwal. His latest writing includes Fearless Democrat: Hem Barua and An Ardent Patriot : Dinesh Goswami. His recent book was released by Vice- President of India Mohammad Hamid Ansari. His book Fearless Democrat: Hem Barua is a collection of speeches by Hem Barua during his times. In his forward note Mr. Das says that this book will help the youths of India to guide themselves towards the way to serve the nation. Rather than a politician he admits himself to a social worker who loves to work for people. He is married to Mrs. Geetima Lekharu Das, a subject teacher in Assamese literature with two daughters. He also served as chairman of Assam State Film Finance, Guwahati in the year 1996. During his tenure as Member of Parliament of the Upper House of Parliament, he holds the record of highest standing number of questions of 16 hours and 53 minutes in record among the other Members. He is titled as "Bir Purush" by his well wishers,for his shown courage in his tenure.

National Highway 127C (India)

National Highway 127C, commonly called NH 127C is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 27. NH-127C traverses the state of Assam in India. This highway is located in Chirang district of Assam.

New Bongaigaon

New Bongaigaon ( (listen); is a city in the Indian state of Assam. The City included or new part of municipal board of Bongaigaon District. The town, divided into two parts – Old Bongaigaon and New Bongaigaon, is situated 180 kilometres (112 mi) north west of Guwahati. To meet the demands of Bodos of Assam, Bongaigaon was divided up to give way for Chirang district. Bongaigaon has a major petrochemical industry, the Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL BGR).

The town occupied a place in the map of Indian Railway with the establishment of the railway station in the year 1908. Most of the institutions like ITI, Bongaigaon College, Office of the Assam State Electricity Board in the early 1960’s and in fact the very base of the development of the town was laid in this decade only. The development further gained momentum with the establishment of the Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (BRPL) Complex in the year 1972 at Dhaligaon and also Thermal Power Plant at Salakati. Though these area are not within the limit of Bongaigaon Municipality the town also caters to the demand of this population.

The Bongaigaon Town Committee was first constituted in the year 1961 and was upgraded to a Municipal Board in the year 1977. Presently the Municipal Area consists of 25 nos. of wards covering an area of 14.31 sq m.

New Bongaigaon Junction railway station

New Bongaigaon Junction is a junction railway station on the New Jalpaiguri-New Bongaigaon section and New Bongaigaon-Guwahati section of Barauni-Guwahati line, and New Bongaigaon–Jogihopa-Kamakhya line. It is located in Bongaigaon City in Bongaigaon district in the Indian state of Assam. This is the 2nd biggest railway station with wagon and carriage workshop in north east India after Guwahati railway station. It serves people from surrounding areas like Barpeta, Barpeta Road, Abhayapuri, Basugaon, Chirang district and others.

Prem Singh Brahma

Prem Singh Brahma (Bodo: प्रेम सिंह ब्रह्म; 1952 – 2007) was the former leader of the Bodo Liberation Tigers Force and deputy chief from 1994 to 1996. He later renounced violence and joined the Congress party.

Soulmary

Soulmary is a village in Chirang district of Assam state of India.

Tsirang District

Tsirang District (Dzongkha: རྩི་རང་རྫོང་ཁག་; Wylie: Rtsi-rang rdzong-khag; previously "Chirang"), is one of the 20 dzongkhags (districts) of Bhutan. The administrative center of the district is Damphu

Tsirang is noted for its gentle slopes and mild climates. The dzongkhag is also noted for its rich biodiversity; however, it is one of the few dzongkhags without a protected area. One of Bhutan's longest rivers, the Punatsang Chhu or Sankosh river flows through the district. It is the main districts where the Lhotshampa reside.

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