Chindia is a portmanteau word that refers to China and India together in general. The credit of coining the now popular term goes to Indian Member of Parliament Jairam Ramesh. China and India share long borders, are both regarded as growing countries and are both among the fastest growing major economies in the world. Together, they contain over one-third of the world's population (nearly 2.7 billion). They have been named as countries with the highest potential for growth in the next 50 years in a BRIC report. BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of Brazil, Russia, India and China.

India China Locator


The economic strengths of these two countries are considered complementary, in particular China is perceived to be strong in manufacturing and infrastructure while India is perceived to be strong in services and information technology. Both countries are relatively underdeveloped and require improvements in these areas in order to be technologically competitive with developed economies.

China is stronger in hardware while India is stronger in software. China is stronger in physical markets while India is stronger in financial markets. The countries also share certain historical interactions – the spread of Buddhism from India to China and British-European trade on the Silk Road are famous examples. Additionally, China's needs are changing as the economy matures, its acute focus on energy is lessening as energy prices plunge, renewables energy comes online, and major energy producers ramp up. At the same time, China's need for markets for its manufacturing base is growing especially as overcapacity issues bite and US and Japan are intent on wrestling away markets in favor of other less developed nations via trade pacts like Trans-Pacific Partnership.

Arguments against

However, there are also geopolitical, cultural, economic, linguistic and political differences between China and India that imply the term has a weak association. The effects of the Sino-Indian War of 1962 have meant that relations between the countries have been cautious and slow, but perhaps more importantly, the geographic barrier that the Himalayas represent provide potent mutual isolation. Indeed, the core of both civilizations, the Indo-Gangetic plain and the Central China Plain lies thousands of miles away across extremely inhospitable terrain. As such, direct ties and exchanges have languished, shockingly even in Nov 2015 in spite of both Modi's Act East policy and China's One Road One Belt push, still only 5 direct daily flights exist between the two giants, reflecting just how far the gulf between the two countries really is.[1] It is often overlooked the role Southeast Asia has played in stitching together the two collections of cultures, both historically and contemporaneously.

Politically, China can be characterized as a single party authoritarian state whereas India is a democracy of hundreds of political parties. India's culture can be characterized by a high degree of pluralism[2] whereas China has a more ethnically homogeneous population,[3] though the concept of Han ethnicity is itself challenged. The commonly cited complementary nature of China and India's economies is also being questioned as the service sector in China is rapidly growing,[4] while India's manufacturing sector has seen rapid growth in recent years.[5][6] China also has a head start in international marketplaces and is a large investor in Africa.[7] There is also the belief that China has greater geopolitical clout than India as well as a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.

Additionally, China's massive infrastructure investments into Pakistan rather than India suggest the concept of Chindia(n) integration may be pre-mature and/or politically inconvenient.[8]

Challenges for growth

It is seen at present for both India and China to overcome major and mutual challenges such as regional and societal income disparities, moving up the value chain towards greater innovation, and also environmental degradation for Chindia to prosper and actually take effect in future.[9]

Serious difficulties in attempting to find a mutually acceptable settlement for a 2520 miles (4056 km) frontier has been a major stumbling block between the two countries ever since India's independence in 1947. Technical discussions have been going on for decades. They will continue. The difference is that these discussions are now coupled with the leaders' firm pledge to find a peaceful solution.[10]

Emerging Asia

China and India are the most populous countries in the world, with well over a billion people each, and barriers to their mutual isolation are coming down as China races to develop and hold on to Tibet, meanwhile India is countering with its own policies to hold on to underdeveloped fringe areas, especially the Northeast and Himalayan areas. Additionally the developments in neighboring countries, such as the political and economic opening up of Myanmar, are sparking ideas regarding regional connectivity.

China is seen to assert its global leadership. Many countries in the world are now counting on China to lead the recovery from the recent US economic crisis and the European debt crisis.[11] China has also shown leadership ambitions through proposing an alternative reserve currency to the US dollar and extending yuan swap lines to several Asian and even non-Asian states.

Citigroup predicts that the economies of China and India will have surpassed that of the United States by 2030.[12]

Innovation, education and business

Today, China and India are producing some of the world's best-trained computer science and electrical engineering graduates.[13]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Baidyanath, Saraswati (2006). "Cultural Pluralism, National Identity and Development". Interface of Cultural Identity Development (1stEdition ed.). New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. xxi+290 pp. ISBN 81-246-0054-6. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
  3. ^ "List of ethnic groups in China and their population sizes". Paul and Bernice Noll's Window on the World.
  4. ^ "Unlocking China's Services Sector". Australian Government, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
  5. ^ "Sensex vaults 384 pts on IIP data, earnings hopes". Sify.
  6. ^ "Gaining strength". Business Standard.
  7. ^ "China's Rising Role in Africa". Council on Foreign Relations.
  8. ^
  9. ^ "'Chindia' future and its fate". Business Monitor Online.
  10. ^ Ianovitch, Michael. "Is 'Chindia' Asia's New Dream Team?". CNBC. CNBC. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  11. ^ "Europe looks to China for possible bailout help from debt crisis". Economic Times. 27 October 2011.
  12. ^ Evans-Pritchard, mbrose (28 February 2011). "'Chindia' rule the world in 2050: Citigroup and HSBC". London: The Telegraph.
  13. ^ "The Exponential Power of 'Chindia'". BusinessWeek.

Further reading

External links

2018–19 AFC Chindia Târgoviște season

The 2018–19 season will be the 8th season of competitive football by Chindia Târgoviște, and the 4th consecutive in Liga II. Chindia Târgoviște will compete in the Liga II and in Cupa României.

2018–19 Liga II

The 2018–19 Liga II (also known as 2018–19 Liga II Casa Pariurilor) is the 79th season of the Liga II, the second tier of the Romanian football league system. The season began on 4 August 2018 and will end on 1 June 2019.A total of 20 teams will contest the league. It will be the third Liga II season with a single series. The season will be played in a round-robin tournament. The first two teams will be promoted to Liga I at the end of the season and the third-placed team will play a play-off match against the 12th-placed team from Liga I. The last five teams will be relegated to Liga III.

AFC Chindia Târgoviște

Asociația Fotbal Club Chindia Târgoviște (Romanian pronunciation: [tɨrˈɡoviʃte]), commonly known as Chindia Târgoviște or simply as Chindia, is a Romanian football club based in Târgoviște, Dâmbovița County, currently playing in the Liga II.

Adrian Bogoi

Laurențiu Adrian Bogoi (born 16 February 1973) is a Romanian former professional footballer who played as a defender. Bogoi played in the Liga I for: Rapid București, Chindia Târgoviște, Argeș Pitești and Pandurii Târgu Jiu. After retirement Bogoi was the chairman of CSM Târgoviște and managed teams like: FCM Târgoviște, Chindia Târgoviște and Pandurii II Târgu Jiu. Currently he is the manager of Liga II side Pandurii Târgu Jiu.

Chindia Tower

The Chindia Tower (Romanian: Turnul Chindiei) is a tower in the Curtea Domnească monuments ensemble in Târgovişte, Romania, built in the 15th century. The tower was begun during the second reign of Prince Vlad III the Impaler over Wallachia and took its final form during the 19th century. It initially had a military purpose, but during its history, it has been used as a guard point, a fire spotter, and for storing and protecting the state treasury. Between 1847 and 1851, the Chindia Tower was completely restored by Gheorghe Bibescu who added 5 metres (16 ft) to its height. The building in its current form has a height of 27 metres (89 ft) and a diameter of 9 metres (30 ft).

The Chindia Tower, the most important tourist attraction in Târgovişte, is considered the city's symbol; the tower elements are present in the city's emblem, at the top and also at the bottom. As a monument the tower now houses an exhibition of documents, weapons and objects which belonged to Vlad the Impaler. Today the tower is administered by the National Museum Curtea Domnească.

Daniel Constantin Florea

Daniel Constantin Florea (born 17 April 1988, Constanţa) is a Romanian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Chindia Târgoviște.

Daniel Popa

Daniel Iliuţă Popa (born 14 July 1994) is a Romanian professional footballer who plays for Liga I club Dinamo București as a forward.

Denis Dumitrașcu

Denis Constantin Dumitrașcu (born 27 April 1995) is a Romanian professional footballer who plays as a defender for Chindia Târgoviște. Born in Râmnicu Vâlcea, Dumitrașcu started his career at the local team, CSM Râmnicu Vâlcea for which played 50 matches and scored 1 goal in 3 and a half seasons of Liga II.

Eusebiu Tudor

Eusebiu Tudor (born 1 July 1974 in Ploiești, Prahova County) is a Romanian former football midfielder and current manager who last coached Petrolul Ploiești in Liga I

FCM Târgoviște

Fotbal Club Municipal Târgoviște (Romanian pronunciation: [tɨrˈɡoviʃte]), commonly known as FCM Târgoviște, was a Romanian football team from Târgoviște, Dâmbovița County, founded in 1950. The team was dissolved in the summer of 2015, but refounded in 2016 and enrolled in the Liga VI. In the summer of 2018 the owner of the club, Ghiorghi Zotic, has announced it will give up the men football team focusing only on the women squad.

Flavius Stoican

Flavius Vladimir Stoican (born 24 November 1976) is a Romanian professional football manager and former football player. He is currently the manager of Liga I club Politehnica Iași.

Georgian Honciu

Georgian Honciu (born 24 April 1989) is a Romanian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Dunărea Călărași.Honciu made his Liga I debut on 22 July 2018, at 29 years old, when he played for Dunărea Călărași, club that also made its debut in the top flight, against Viitorul Constanța, scoring the only goal of the match. Until his debut in the Liga I, Georgian Honciu played in the Liga II and Liga III for clubs such as: Chindia Târgoviște, Fortuna Poiana Câmpina, Mioveni or Șirineasa.

Liviu Ionuț Mihai

Liviu Ionuț Mihai (born 12 March 1988) is a Romanian professional footballer who plays for Chindia Târgoviște as a midfielder.

Marian Vătavu

Marian Vătavu (born 20 May 1982 in Târgovişte) is a Romanian footballer who currently plays as a Centre back for Chindia Târgovişte.

Mihai Voduț

Mihai Voduț (born 28 July 1994 in Bucharest) is a Romanian footballer who plays as a striker for Beitar Jerusalem.

Sebastian Mladen

Sebastian Mladen (born 11 December 1991) is a Romanian professional footballer who plays for Viitorul Constanța as a defensive midfielder or a defender.

Sorin Bușu

Sorin Marian Buşu (born 8 July 1989) is a Romanian football player who plays as a left-back for Gaz Metan Mediaș.

Stadionul Eugen Popescu

Eugen Popescu Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Târgovişte, Romania. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of Chindia Târgovişte. The stadium holds 6,500 people and is located in the town center, next to the Chindia Tower.

The stadium was named after the former football player of Metalul Târgoviște and famous youth team coach Eugen Popescu (1928–1996), the creator of Chindia Târgoviște, team that promoted in 1996 to the Romanian Top League. Players like L. Reghecampf, B. Liță, C. Becheanu, T. Zamfirescu, R. Gâlmencea, A. Bogoi, C. Ţermure, C.I. Voicu, I. Ceauşu, M. Priseceanu, C. Bălaşa, M. Jilăveanu, R. Toboşaru, M. Antal, C. Negru, L. Strizu, have all been bred in the Târgoviște youth team center by Eugen Popescu.

Viorel Moldovan

Viorel Dinu Moldovan (born 8 July 1972) is a retired Romanian football forward and currently the manager of Chindia Târgoviște. He was an important player for the Romanian national team in the 1990s. He was recently the manager of AJ Auxerre in the French Ligue 2.

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